CN106452341A - 太阳能光伏发电系统 - Google Patents

太阳能光伏发电系统 Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN106452341A
CN106452341A CN201611083553.3A CN201611083553A CN106452341A CN 106452341 A CN106452341 A CN 106452341A CN 201611083553 A CN201611083553 A CN 201611083553A CN 106452341 A CN106452341 A CN 106452341A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
generation system
base
solar photovoltaic
circular batteries
photovoltaic generation
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201611083553.3A
Other languages
English (en)
Inventor
戚明海
Original Assignee
戚明海
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 戚明海 filed Critical 戚明海
Priority to CN201611083553.3A priority Critical patent/CN106452341A/zh
Publication of CN106452341A publication Critical patent/CN106452341A/zh
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/20Optical components
    • H02S40/22Light-reflecting or light-concentrating means
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L31/00Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and specially adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof
    • H01L31/04Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and specially adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof adapted as photovoltaic [PV] conversion devices
    • H01L31/052Cooling means directly associated or integrated with the PV cell, e.g. integrated Peltier elements for active cooling or heat sinks directly associated with the PV cells
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L31/00Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and specially adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof
    • H01L31/04Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and specially adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof adapted as photovoltaic [PV] conversion devices
    • H01L31/053Energy storage means directly associated or integrated with the PV cell, e.g. a capacitor integrated with a PV cell
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L31/00Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and specially adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof
    • H01L31/04Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and specially adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof adapted as photovoltaic [PV] conversion devices
    • H01L31/054Optical elements directly associated or integrated with the PV cell, e.g. light-reflecting means or light-concentrating means
    • H01L31/0547Optical elements directly associated or integrated with the PV cell, e.g. light-reflecting means or light-concentrating means comprising light concentrating means of the reflecting type, e.g. parabolic mirrors, concentrators using total internal reflection
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/30Electrical components
    • H02S40/38Energy storage means, e.g. batteries, structurally associated with PV modules
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/40Thermal components
    • H02S40/42Cooling means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • Y02E10/52PV systems with concentrators
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E70/00Other energy conversion or management systems reducing GHG emissions
    • Y02E70/30Systems combining energy storage with energy generation of non-fossil origin

Abstract

本发明公开了一种太阳能光伏发电系统,包括底座和光伏发电聚光器,在底座上设有转座,转座与底座旋转连接,在转座上竖直安装一对立柱,光伏发电聚光器的底部通过转轴连接在一对立柱顶端,能实现光伏发电聚光器进行俯仰运动,在光伏发电聚光器外侧壁与立柱之间设置伸缩气缸,伸缩气缸的一端与立柱铰接,另一端与光伏发电聚光器外侧壁铰接,在底座上还设置有太阳位置感应器。本发明结构简单,设计合理,容易制造,成本低廉,能比较充分的利用太阳能,太阳能利用率高,系统容易维护。

Description

太阳能光伏发电系统
技术领域
[0001] 本发明属于太阳能技术领域,特别是涉及一种太阳能光伏发电系统。
背景技术
[0002] 太阳能是一种清洁无污染的可再生能源,取之不尽,用之不竭,充分开发利用太阳能不仅可以节约日益枯竭的常规能源,缓解严峻的资源短缺问题,而且还可以减少污染,保护人类赖以生存的生态环境。在众多的太阳能利用技术中,太阳能光伏发电技术实现了直接将太阳能转化为电能,是一种最方便的利用方式,它具有运行安全可靠、无需燃料、无噪声、无污染、可就地利用、使用维护方便、规模可大可小等优点,因而受到世界各国的重视。
[0003] 而且,随着科学技术的进步以及人们环保意识的提升,整个社会对于新能源的开发也越来越受到重视。现有技术中,对水利、风力以及太阳能均开发出了相应的发电方式,很好的利用了环保清洁的新能源,降低了传统发电方式对环境的破坏,更好的提升了人们的生活环境,而随着社会的不断进步,还需要不断的突破现有技术,完成对新的新能源进行开发与利用。对于太阳能发电现在已经有较为成熟的发电装置,但是现有的太阳能发电装置需要占用较大的面积的土地资源,不利于提高土地的使用效果,同时现有技术对太阳能的利用效果也较低,特别是在日照不足时难以起到比较好的效果。
[0004]因此,如何解决上述现有技术问题成为了该领域技术人员努力的方向。
发明内容
[0005] 本发明的目的就是提供一种太阳能光伏发电系统,能完全解决上述现有技术的不足之处。
[0006] 本发明的目的通过下述技术方案来实现:
一种太阳能光伏发电系统,包括底座和光伏发电聚光器,在底座上设有转座,转座与底座旋转连接,在转座上竖直安装一对立柱,光伏发电聚光器的底部通过转轴连接在一对立柱顶端,能实现光伏发电聚光器进行俯仰运动,在光伏发电聚光器外侧壁与立柱之间设置伸缩气缸,伸缩气缸的一端与立柱铰接,另一端与光伏发电聚光器外侧壁铰接,在底座上还设置有太阳位置感应器。
[0007] 采用这种结构可以利用太阳能位置感应器追踪太阳,随时调整光伏发电聚光器位置,获得较好的日照效果,提高太阳能利用率。
[0008]作为优选,所述所述光伏发电聚光器包括反射圆筒、圆形电池片和连接座,所述反射圆筒为圆筒状,其口部直径大于底部直径,在反射圆筒的底部安装圆形电池片,圆形电池片底部安装在连接座上,连接座通过转轴与立柱连接。
[0009]作为优选,所述反射圆通的口部安装聚光透镜。采用这种结构,聚光透镜可以使太阳光背凝聚在电池片上,从而提高日照的强度,进一步提高太阳能的利用率以及电池片的发电效果。
[0010]作为优选,所述反射圆筒的圆筒内壁为采用多条直线组成的折线作为母线,绕中心线旋转而得到的回转面,太阳光通过该回转面反射后能均匀照射到圆形电池片的受光面上。
[0011]作为优选,所述反射圆筒内壁采用真空直流溅射镀膜技术形成反射膜。使用这种技术的反射膜可以获得较高的反射率。
[0012]作为优选,所述圆形电池片上安装有蓄电池,蓄电池与圆形电池板之间连接蓄电池充电电路。采用这种结构可以使得转化后的电能能够安全的被存储进蓄电池,同时还能很好的降低电能在电路中的损耗,从而提高太阳能的利用率,并延长系统使用寿命。
[0013]作为优选,所述蓄电池与圆形电池板之间还连接有缓冲电路。采用这种结构能很好的抵抗在对蓄电池充电的过程中电路中产生的波动,从而大大降低电路波动对系统及电路的冲击,进而保护系统,提高其使用寿命,降低系统维护频率。
[0014]作为优选,所述圆形电池片与连接座之间设有散热片。采用这种结构可以对电池片进行散热,延长其使用寿命。
[0015] 作为优选,所述伸缩气缸、转座和太阳位置感应器均与一控制器连接,由控制器进行控制。
[0016]与现有技术相比,本发明的有益效果在于:结构简单,设计合理,容易制造,成本低廉,能比较充分的利用太阳能,太阳能利用率高,系统容易维护。
附图说明
[0017]图1是本发明的结构示意图。
具体实施方式
[0018]下面结合具体实施例和附图对本发明作进一步的说明。
[0019] 如图1所示,一种太阳能光伏发电系统,包括底座I和光伏发电聚光器,在底座I上设有转座2,转座2与底座I旋转连接,在转座2上竖直安装一对立柱3,光伏发电聚光器的底部通过转轴4连接在一对立柱3顶端,能实现光伏发电聚光器进行俯仰运动,在光伏发电聚光器外侧壁与立柱3之间设置伸缩气缸5,伸缩气缸5的一端与立柱3铰接,另一端与光伏发电聚光器外侧壁铰接,在底座I上还设置有太阳位置感应器6和控制器(图中未画出)。所述伸缩气缸5、转座2和太阳位置感应器6均与一控制器连接,由控制器进行控制。
[0020] 所述光伏发电聚光器包括反射圆筒7、圆形电池片8、散热片9和连接座10,所述反射圆筒7为圆筒状,其口部直径大于底部直径,在反射圆筒7的底部安装圆形电池片8,圆形电池片8底部安装在连接座10上,且所述圆形电池片8与连接座10之间设有散热片9,连接座10通过转轴4与立柱3连接。
[0021] 所述反射圆筒7的圆筒内壁为采用多条直线组成的折线作为母线,绕中心线旋转而得到的回转面,太阳光通过该回转面反射后能均匀照射到圆形电池片8的受光面上。
[0022] 所述反射圆通7的口部安装聚光透镜11。所述反射圆筒7内壁采用真空直流溅射镀膜技术形成反射膜。
[0023] 所述圆形电池片8上安装有蓄电池(图中未画出),蓄电池与圆形电池板8之间连接蓄电池充电电路和缓冲电路。
[0024] 在使用时,通过太阳位置感应器6感应太阳的位置,并传递信息给控制器,控制器控制转座2和伸缩气缸5动作,从而调整光伏发电聚光器的位置面向太阳,从提高太阳能利用率。
[0025]以上所述仅为本发明的较佳实施例而已,并不用以限制本发明,凡在本发明的精神和原则之内所作的任何修改、等同替换和改进等,均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。

Claims (9)

1.一种太阳能光伏发电系统,其特征在于:包括底座和光伏发电聚光器,在底座上设有转座,转座与底座旋转连接,在转座上竖直安装一对立柱,光伏发电聚光器的底部通过转轴连接在一对立柱顶端,能实现光伏发电聚光器进行俯仰运动,在光伏发电聚光器外侧壁与立柱之间设置伸缩气缸,伸缩气缸的一端与立柱铰接,另一端与光伏发电聚光器外侧壁铰接,在底座上还设置有太阳位置感应器。
2.根据权利要求1所述的太阳能光伏发电系统,其特征在于:所述所述光伏发电聚光器包括反射圆筒、圆形电池片和连接座,所述反射圆筒为圆筒状,其口部直径大于底部直径,在反射圆筒的底部安装圆形电池片,圆形电池片底部安装在连接座上,连接座通过转轴与立柱连接。
3.根据权利要求2所述的太阳能光伏发电系统,其特征在于:所述反射圆通的口部安装聚光透镜。
4.根据权利要求2所述的太阳能光伏发电系统,其特征在于:所述反射圆筒的圆筒内壁为采用多条直线组成的折线作为母线,绕中心线旋转而得到的回转面,太阳光通过该回转面反射后能均匀照射到圆形电池片的受光面上。
5.根据权利要求2所述的太阳能光伏发电系统,其特征在于:所述反射圆筒内壁采用真空直流溅射镀膜技术形成反射膜。
6.根据权利要求2所述的太阳能光伏发电系统,其特征在于:所述圆形电池片上安装有蓄电池,蓄电池与圆形电池板之间连接蓄电池充电电路。
7.根据权利要求6所述的太阳能光伏发电系统,其特征在于:所述蓄电池与圆形电池板之间还连接有缓冲电路。
8.根据权利要求2所述的太阳能光伏发电系统,其特征在于:所述圆形电池片与连接座之间设有散热片。
9.根据权利要求1-8任一项所述的太阳能光伏发电系统,其特征在于:所述伸缩气缸、转座和太阳位置感应器均与一控制器连接,由控制器进行控制。
CN201611083553.3A 2016-11-30 2016-11-30 太阳能光伏发电系统 Pending CN106452341A (zh)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611083553.3A CN106452341A (zh) 2016-11-30 2016-11-30 太阳能光伏发电系统

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611083553.3A CN106452341A (zh) 2016-11-30 2016-11-30 太阳能光伏发电系统

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106452341A true CN106452341A (zh) 2017-02-22

Family

ID=58222689

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201611083553.3A Pending CN106452341A (zh) 2016-11-30 2016-11-30 太阳能光伏发电系统

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106452341A (zh)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108809246A (zh) * 2018-06-22 2018-11-13 江苏易缘建筑节能科技有限公司 一种太阳能发电系统
CN113654248A (zh) * 2021-08-16 2021-11-16 燕山大学 一种带有自动捕光装置的盐梯度太阳池

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102231612A (zh) * 2011-06-17 2011-11-02 赵振海 一种聚光光伏发电单元、发电装置及发电系统
JP2013211487A (ja) * 2012-03-30 2013-10-10 Sharp Corp 二次レンズ、太陽電池実装体、集光型太陽光発電ユニット及び集光型太陽光発電モジュール
CN204760403U (zh) * 2015-06-04 2015-11-11 江苏大学 一种用于碟式高倍聚光系统的太阳能光伏接收器
CN105577104A (zh) * 2015-04-21 2016-05-11 华北电力大学 一种太阳能聚光光伏发电系统
CN106208946A (zh) * 2016-09-07 2016-12-07 成都秉德科技有限公司 太阳能光伏发电系统

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102231612A (zh) * 2011-06-17 2011-11-02 赵振海 一种聚光光伏发电单元、发电装置及发电系统
JP2013211487A (ja) * 2012-03-30 2013-10-10 Sharp Corp 二次レンズ、太陽電池実装体、集光型太陽光発電ユニット及び集光型太陽光発電モジュール
CN105577104A (zh) * 2015-04-21 2016-05-11 华北电力大学 一种太阳能聚光光伏发电系统
CN204760403U (zh) * 2015-06-04 2015-11-11 江苏大学 一种用于碟式高倍聚光系统的太阳能光伏接收器
CN106208946A (zh) * 2016-09-07 2016-12-07 成都秉德科技有限公司 太阳能光伏发电系统

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108809246A (zh) * 2018-06-22 2018-11-13 江苏易缘建筑节能科技有限公司 一种太阳能发电系统
CN113654248A (zh) * 2021-08-16 2021-11-16 燕山大学 一种带有自动捕光装置的盐梯度太阳池

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN205523727U (zh) 一种全角度太阳能移动发电车
CN106452341A (zh) 太阳能光伏发电系统
CN202143002U (zh) 风光互补一体化发电装置
CN201255349Y (zh) 风光互补跟踪式路灯
CN205640704U (zh) 一种风光能路灯用发电装置
CN106208946A (zh) 太阳能光伏发电系统
CN206149194U (zh) 太阳能光伏发电系统
CN202550593U (zh) 风光互补充电器
CN201178385Y (zh) 高空太阳能发电装置
CN108418504A (zh) 一种水上太阳能综合发电站
CN201747547U (zh) 一种带钒流储能装置的碟式太阳能光热发电装置
CN202038399U (zh) 电动自行车的便携式太阳能充电遮阳伞
CN205377428U (zh) 基于非晶硅薄膜发电技术的太阳能移动电源
CN204244152U (zh) 一种太阳能家用光伏发电系统装置
CN213207655U (zh) 一种节能型路灯
CN201632100U (zh) 一种太阳能刮泥机
CN202504822U (zh) 一种用于风电变桨系统的单柜展示架
CN208047590U (zh) 一种园林喷水用太阳能光伏发电系统
CN208074828U (zh) 一种太阳能路灯
CN208241396U (zh) 一种风光互补能量树
CN202504821U (zh) 用于风电变桨系统的双柜展示架
CN207033652U (zh) 一种小型高效率的风力发电设备
CN201918402U (zh) 太阳能充电板
CN213270151U (zh) 一种抗风性能好的小型风力发电机
CN216447049U (zh) 一种风能光伏储能一体装置

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20170222