CN106379157A - Vehicle hybrid power gearbox with built-in generator and electromotor - Google Patents

Vehicle hybrid power gearbox with built-in generator and electromotor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106379157A
CN106379157A CN201610911458.1A CN201610911458A CN106379157A CN 106379157 A CN106379157 A CN 106379157A CN 201610911458 A CN201610911458 A CN 201610911458A CN 106379157 A CN106379157 A CN 106379157A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
power shift
shift gear
bucket
gear ring
change speed
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Pending
Application number
CN201610911458.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王国伟
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王国伟
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Priority to CN201610911458.1A priority Critical patent/CN106379157A/en
Publication of CN106379157A publication Critical patent/CN106379157A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K17/00Arrangement or mounting of transmissions in vehicles
    • B60K17/04Arrangement or mounting of transmissions in vehicles characterised by arrangement, location, or kind of gearing
    • B60K17/06Arrangement or mounting of transmissions in vehicles characterised by arrangement, location, or kind of gearing of change-speed gearing
    • B60K17/08Arrangement or mounting of transmissions in vehicles characterised by arrangement, location, or kind of gearing of change-speed gearing of mechanical type
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K6/00Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00
    • B60K6/20Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs
    • B60K6/22Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs
    • B60K6/26Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs characterised by the motors or the generators
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K6/00Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00
    • B60K6/20Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs
    • B60K6/22Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs
    • B60K6/36Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs characterised by the transmission gearings
    • B60K6/365Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs characterised by the transmission gearings with the gears having orbital motion
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K6/00Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00
    • B60K6/20Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs
    • B60K6/42Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by the architecture of the hybrid electric vehicle

Abstract

The invention discloses a vehicle hybrid power gearbox with built-in generator and electromotor. A generator component and an electromotor component are arranged in the hollow chambers of an input barrel and an output barrel respectively; a main shift gear is arranged on the outer edge of the input barrel; an auxiliary shift gear is fixed on the outer edge of the output barrel; and by meshing different main shift gears and auxiliary shift gears, the power generated by a fuel engine can be output at the rear end of the gearbox through the change of the speed and torsion through the gearbox, and the power generated by the electromotor component also can be output at the rear end of the gearbox so as to drive a vehicle to run by hybrid power.

Description

A kind of built-in electromotor and the Vehicular hybrid power change speed gear box of motor
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of vehicle gearbox, particularly to the Vehicular hybrid power of a kind of built-in electromotor and motor Change speed gear box.
Technical background
With the raising of low-carbon environment-friendly and energy-saving and emission-reduction requirement, for the automobile that the scale of construction is huge, how to reduce fuel consumption Become important research topic, the method implementing to form hybrid power driving by fuel power and electric power on vehicle, be A kind of presently preferred solution of fall vehicle low burn oil consumption.In order to realize fuel power and electric-powered effective linking And ordering about vehicle motion, electromotor and motor are typically arranged on change speed gear box front end or rear end, then by current technology Using being leading structure with planetary gear or the marching method with multi-clutch plus gear train as structure is implemented.With work The continuous development of industry technology, people constantly improve to Vehicular hybrid power change speed gear box and update, and are realizing vehicle more low burn While oil consumption, improve ride comfort and the transmission efficiency of change speed gear box, and reduce manufacturing cost.
Content of the invention
The present invention provides one kind, and compared with prior art frame for movement is simple, and transmission efficiency is high, the smooth car of power linking Use hybrid power gearbox.
In order to realize the purpose of the present invention, the Vehicular hybrid power change speed gear box of a kind of built-in electromotor of the present invention and motor Including the machine being made up of clutch, input bucket, generator component, output bucket, motor component, power shift gear group parts and housing Tool component, and by microcontroller, clutch controller, electromotor axis revolution speed sensing part, motor axis revolution speed sensing Part, the electric member of selector fork control parts, electric energy management part and power supply composition.This microcontroller is respectively and clutch Controller, electromotor axis revolution speed sensing part, motor axis revolution speed sensing part, selector fork control parts, electric energy pipe Reason part and power supply connect.
It is provided with a hollow cavity, this hollow cavity becomes round table-like or turriform cylinder group shape, for placing inside input bucket Generator component, input bucket, in the great circle end opening of this hollow cavity, is fixed in roundlet one end and electromotor axis, input Bucket and generator permanent-magnet rotor can carry out constant angular velocity rotation with the axial line of electromotor axis.
Generator component is made up of electromotor axis, generator permanent-magnet rotor and generator coil stator, generator component It is placed in the hollow cavity of input bucket, electromotor axis passes through bearing and gear box casing connects, p-m rotor is fixed on to be sent out On motor axis, coil stator is fixed on gear box casing by spiral shell select, and coil stator is placed around the outer rim of p-m rotor, So that relatively rotating between p-m rotor and coil stator, generator coil stator, electric energy management part and battery component pass through Wire connects, and forms round table-like or turriform cylinder group shape outside described generator component.
It is provided with a hollow cavity, this hollow cavity becomes truncated cone-shaped or turriform cylinder group shape, for placing inside output bucket Motor component, export bucket opening at the great circle of this hollow cavity, fix in roundlet one end and motor axis, output bucket and Electromotor permanent magnet rotor can carry out constant angular velocity rotation with the axial line of motor axis.
Motor component is made up of motor axis, electromotor permanent magnet rotor and motor winding stator, motor component It is placed in the hollow cavity of output bucket, motor axis passes through bearing and gear box casing connects, p-m rotor is fixed on to be sent out On motivation axis, coil stator is fixed on gear box casing by spiral shell select, and coil stator is placed around the outer rim of p-m rotor, So that relatively rotating between p-m rotor and coil stator, motor winding stator, battery control parts and battery component pass through Wire connects, and described motor component outer surface becomes round table-like or turriform cylinder group shape.
Input bucket becomes big roundlet opposite direction to be placed in the housing of change speed gear box with output bucket, inputs axial line and the output of bucket The axial line of bucket at grade and becomes parastate.
Power shift gear part is by the one group of diameter not main power shift gear ring of grade, one group of diameter unequal pair power shift gear Ring, multiple synchronizing wheel, multiple synchronous gear hub, multiple selector fork and multiple selector fork controller composition.Main power shift gear ring For circulus, inner wall smooth, there are the gear teeth in outside, is mounted on the outer wall of input bucket according to the sequence of diameter, puts in set It is also ring-type smooth surface structure at the outer wall of input bucket of main power shift gear ring, in the case of not any gear engagement, main Power shift gear and input bucket can rotate freely with each other, and respectively there is one group of ring-type the relative side of adjacent one group of main power shift gear ring Gearshift coupling tooth, has synchronous gear hub, synchronous gear hub becomes cylinder on the input bucket outer wall between adjacent one group main power shift gear ring Shape structure, inner side and input bucket are fixed, and outer is distributed a plurality of raised tooth, and synchronizing wheel becomes cylinder-like structure, is enclosed within outside synchronous gear hub Edge, has concave tooth in strip inside synchronizing wheel, in this strip, the strip projected parts tooth of concave tooth and synchronous gear hub is engaged with each other, and synchronizing wheel can With left and right translation in the range of matched synchronous gear hub, all there are ring-type gearshift coupling tooth, synchronizing wheel in the both sides of synchronizing wheel Outer centre position one is enclosed fluted, and U-shaped one end of selector fork is embedded in this groove, and selector fork is fixed on change by axostylus axostyle In fast tank shell, the other end and selector fork controller connect, and under the control of the micro-controller, selector fork controller can be controlled U-shaped one end of selector fork processed moves left and right, and so that synchronizing wheel is translated to the left or to the right, after synchronizing wheel translates, its side Ring-type gearshift coupling tooth and the corresponding gearshift coupling tooth engagement of main power shift gear ring, now when electromotor axis Forced rotation, The main power shift gear ring engaging with this synchronizing wheel and input bucket all can carry out constant angular velocity rotation with electromotor axis for axle center.
Secondary power shift gear ring is fixed on the outer wall of output bucket according to the sequence of diameter, because input bucket and output bucket Oppositely positioned for big roundlet, secondary power shift gear ring group also becomes size negative relational matching with main power shift gear ring group, i.e. maximum gauge master Power shift gear ring coupling minimum diameter pair power shift gear, all of main power shift gear ring and secondary power shift gear ring mate one by one, and And outer gear becomes engagement, when motor middle shaft rotation, all of pair power shift gear ring group and output bucket are all with electronic Machine axis carries out constant angular velocity rotation for axle center, and drives main power shift gear ring group to rotate, because each group of main gearshift simultaneously The diameter proportion of gear ring and secondary power shift gear ring is discrepant, so when all pair power shift gear rings carry out constant angular velocity rotation When turning, the angular velocity that each main power shift gear ring is rotated is unequal, this unequal angular velocity of rotation ratio It is the gearshift ratio of change speed gear box, when synchronizing wheel is engaged in different main power shift gear rings, input bucket and output bucket have many Group angular velocity of rotation ratio, makes change speed gear box realize the function that multiple gears change to rotating speed and the moment of torsion of power.
The electromotor axis front end of change speed gear box connects clutch and fuel engines, and the kinetic energy that fuel engines is produced is real Apply after many gears change to the rotating speed of power and moment of torsion, the rear end output of axle in the motor, and the kinetic energy that motor produces The rear end output of axle in the motor, the kinetic energy that both produce all can be delivered to vehicle through differential mechanism and left and right jack shaft Driving wheel on, realize hybrid power and the driving of vehicle run.
Built-in electromotor provided by the present invention and the Vehicular hybrid power change speed gear box of motor, send out realizing typical fuel While motivation drives vehicle to run working condition, the collaborative work of fuel engines, electromotor and motor can also be implemented, Realize the pure electric power travel operation of vehicle, the work of pure electric power reverse travel, fuel engines power generation operation, vehicle energy reclaim and send out Electricity work, fuel engines generate electricity plus drive vehicle operation and fuel engines to power up motivation and jointly drive vehicle travel operation Running status.
The Vehicular hybrid power change speed gear box of built-in electromotor provided by the present invention and motor is by electromotor and motor Inside it is loaded in the hollow cavity inputting within bucket and output bucket of change speed gear box, there is small volume, frame for movement is simple and transmission is imitated The high feature of energy, makes conventional fuel oil engine vehicle need not move through labyrinth change and just can realize hybrid power driving work( Energy;Gearbox shifting geared parts can conveniently couple or separate input bucket and output bucket simultaneously, realizes fuel engines and electricity The smooth linking of power between motivation;Because gearbox shifting geared parts can be realized inputting bucket and exports different straight between bucket Footpath ratio main power shift gear ring and secondary power shift gear, in the case of the different speed of service of vehicle, fuel engines all can be real Apply kinetic energy output, cooperation motor running participates in vehicle traction work, the ride comfort of the power output of raising and fuel engines Fuel economy, and the operation of motor can make up the situation of the power interruption producing during gearbox shifting, keeps car The ride comfort running, improves the riding comfort of vehicle occupant and driving experience.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of change speed gear box of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the electric enforcement figure of change speed gear box of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the mechanical component exploded view of change speed gear box of the present invention.
Fig. 4 A is the structural decomposition diagram that change speed gear box of the present invention inputs bucket.
Fig. 4 B is the structural decomposition diagram that change speed gear box of the present invention exports bucket.
Fig. 5 is that change speed gear box of the present invention inputs the structural profile schematic diagram that bucket exports bucket.
Fig. 6 is gearbox shifting geared parts decomposing schematic representation of the present invention.
Fig. 7 A is change speed gear box single group power shift gear element gear coupling schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 7 B is change speed gear box single group power shift gear element gear coupling schematic diagram of the present invention.
Specific implementation method
Before discussing the present invention in detail, the operational mode being related to typical fuel engines vehicle is typically by background below skill Art provides, and the power that fuel engines produces, through clutch or fluid torque-converter, is delivered to the input shaft of change speed gear box, passes through The change to rotating speed and moment of torsion of the gear train of change speed gear box or multiple planetary gearsets, power exports in the output shaft of change speed gear box, Through differential mechanism and left and right jack shaft, it is transferred on driving wheel, thus realizing the running status of vehicle.
With reference to Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3, because the present invention is made up of the vehicle of hybrid power operation fuel power and electric power, its Dynamic structure is configured to the front end that fuel engines 110 connects clutch 120, and the rear end of clutch 120 connects change speed gear box 200 Electromotor axis 201, through the change to rotating speed and torsion for the change speed gear box 200, power is in the motor axis 202 of change speed gear box 200 One end output, through differential mechanism 130 and left and right jack shaft 140, be transferred to 150 on driving wheel, it is achieved thereby that vehicle Run, because there being the participation work of motor component 221 and generator component 211, matched also has electric energy management portion Part 402 and battery component 403, thus constitute vehicle hybrid, thus more than the vehicle of single use fuel power has Plant operational mode, motor vehicle driven by mixed power operational mode of the present invention will be described herein in content below.
The Vehicular hybrid power change speed gear box 200 of a kind of built-in electromotor of the present invention and motor is included by generator component 211st, motor component 221, clutch 120, input bucket 210, output bucket 220, power shift gear group parts are (because including multiple parts Numbering not shown) and housing 230 composition mechanical component, and by microcontroller 400, clutch controller 121, electromotor Rotating speed sensing element 411, motor axis revolution speed sensing part 421, gearshift gear fork controls part 360, electric energy management portion Part 402 and the electric member of power supply 401 composition.This microcontroller 400 turns with clutch controller 121, electromotor axis respectively Fast sensing element 411, motor axis revolution speed sensing part 421, selector fork control parts 360, electric energy management part 402 and Power supply 401 connects.
It is provided with a hollow cavity with reference to inside Fig. 4 A Fig. 5 input bucket 210, this hollow cavity becomes turriform cylinder group shape, uses In placing generator component 211, input bucket 210 opening at the great circle of this hollow cavity, in roundlet one end and electromotor axis 201 is fixing, and input bucket 210 and generator permanent-magnet rotor 212 can carry out constant angular velocity rotation with the axial line of electromotor axis 201 Turn.
Generator component 211 is by electromotor axis 201, generator permanent-magnet rotor 212 and generator coil stator 213 structure Become, generator component 211 is placed in the hollow cavity of input bucket 210, and electromotor axis 201 passes through bearing and gear box casing 230 connections, p-m rotor 212 is fixed on electromotor axis 201, and coil stator 213 is fixed on gear box casing by spiral shell select On 230, coil stator 213 is placed around the outer rim of p-m rotor 212, so that phase between p-m rotor 212 and coil stator 213 To rotation, generator coil stator 213, electric energy management part 402 and battery component 403 are connected by wire, described electromotor The outer formation turriform cylinder group shape of part 211.
It is provided with a hollow cavity with reference to inside Fig. 4 B Fig. 5 output bucket 220, this hollow cavity becomes round table-like, for placing Motor component 221, exports bucket 220 opening at the great circle of this hollow cavity, solid in roundlet one end and motor axis 202 Fixed, the hollow cavity inwall of the outer rim of motor component 221 and output bucket 220 coincide, and exports bucket 220 and electromotor permanent magnet rotor 222 can carry out constant angular velocity rotation with motor axis 202 for axial line.
Motor component 221 is by motor axis 202, electromotor permanent magnet rotor 222 and motor winding stator 223 structure Become, motor component 221 is placed in the hollow cavity of output bucket 220, and motor axis 202 passes through bearing and gear box casing 230 connections, p-m rotor 222 is fixed on electromotor axis 202, and coil stator 223 is fixed on gear box casing by spiral shell select On 230, coil stator 223 is placed around the outer rim of p-m rotor 222, so that phase between p-m rotor 222 and coil stator 223 To rotation, motor winding stator 223, battery control parts 420 and battery component 403 are connected by wire, described motor The outer formation of part 221 is round table-like.
Input bucket 210 becomes big roundlet opposite direction to be placed in gear box casing 230 with output bucket 220, the axle of input bucket 210 Heart line at grade and becomes parastate with the axial line of output bucket 220.
310, one group of unequal pair of diameter of main power shift gear ring that reference Fig. 6 power shift gear part is not waited by one group of diameter Power shift gear ring 320, multiple synchronizing wheel 330, multiple synchronous gear hub 340, multiple selector fork 350 and multiple selector fork control Device 360 forms.For different size (as the power of motor, the power of fuel engines, the placing structure of change speed gear box, speed change The moment of torsion bearing requirements of case) change speed gear box, the size of its product and requirement differ, the quantity of the power shift gear part being related to Variant, but the method controlling is consistent with the membership relation of quantity, in order to implement the change speed gear box of different size, speed change of the present invention Between the quantity of the main power shift gear ring of case is 1 to 13, the quantity phase of the quantity of secondary power shift gear ring and main power shift gear ring Deng, when the quantity of main power shift gear ring is even number, the 1/2 of power shift gear number of rings amount based on the quantity of synchronizing wheel, change when main When the quantity of gear gear ring is odd number, 1/2 after power shift gear number of rings amount adds 1 based on the quantity of synchronizing wheel, synchronous gear hub, change The quantity of gear shift fork, the quantity of selector fork controller and synchronizing wheel is equal;For convenience of description, this specific implementation method is with 6 Individual main power shift gear ring, 6 secondary power shift gear rings, 3 synchronizing wheels, 3 synchronous gear hubs, 3 selector forks and 3 selector forks Illustrate as a example the structure of controller.
Main power shift gear ring 310 is circulus, inner wall smooth, and there are the gear teeth in outside, and the sequence set according to diameter is put On the outer wall of input bucket 210, putting at input bucket 210 outer wall of main power shift gear ring 310 in set is also ring-type smooth surface knot Structure, in the case of not any engagement, main power shift gear 310 and input bucket 210 can rotate freely with each other, adjacent one group of master Respectively there is one group of ring-type gearshift coupling tooth the relative side of power shift gear ring 310, between adjacent one group main power shift gear ring 310 There are synchronous gear hub 340,340 one-tenth cylinder-like structures of synchronous gear hub, inner side and input bucket 340 fixing on input bucket 210 outer wall, outer It is distributed a plurality of raised tooth, 330 one-tenth cylinder-like structures of synchronizing wheel, be enclosed within synchronous gear hub 340 outer rim, inside synchronizing wheel 330, have strip Interior concave tooth, in this strip, the strip projected parts tooth of concave tooth and synchronous gear hub 340 outer is engaged with each other, and synchronizing wheel 330 can be supporting Synchronous gear hub 340 in the range of move left and right, all there are ring-type gearshift coupling tooth, synchronizing wheel 330 outer in the both sides of synchronizing wheel 330 Centre position one is enclosed fluted, and U-shaped one end of selector fork 350 is embedded in this groove, and selector fork 350 is fixed on by axostylus axostyle In gear box casing 230, the other end and selector fork controller 360 connect.
With reference to Fig. 7 A Fig. 7 B under the control of microcontroller 400, selector fork controller 360 controls the U of selector fork 350 Shape one end moves left and right, and so that synchronizing wheel 330 is moved to the left or to the right, after synchronizing wheel 330 translates, the ring-type gearshift of its side Coupling tooth and the corresponding gearshift coupling tooth engagement of main power shift gear ring 310, now when electromotor axis 201 Forced rotation, with The main power shift gear ring 310 of this synchronizing wheel 330 engagement and input bucket 210 all carry out isogonism speed with electromotor axis 201 for axle center Degree rotation.
Secondary power shift gear ring 320 is fixed on the outer wall of output bucket 220 according to the sequence of diameter, because input bucket 210 is that size is oppositely positioned with output bucket 220, and secondary power shift gear ring group 320 also becomes size reverse with main power shift gear ring group 310 Coupling, i.e. maximum gauge main power shift gear ring 310 coupling minimum diameter pair power shift gear 320, all of main power shift gear ring 310 Mate one by one with secondary power shift gear ring 320, and outer gear becomes engagement, when motor axis 202 rotates, all of Secondary power shift gear ring group 320 and output bucket 220 all carry out constant angular velocity rotation with motor axis 202 for axle center, and simultaneously Main power shift gear ring group 310 is driven to rotate, because the diameter ratio of each group of main power shift gear ring 310 and secondary power shift gear ring 320 Example is discrepant, so when all pair power shift gear rings 320 carry out constant angular velocity rotation, each main power shift gear ring 320 angular velocity being rotated are unequal, and this unequal angular velocity of rotation ratio is the gearshift ratio of change speed gear box 200 Rate, when synchronizing wheel 330 is engaged in different main power shift gear rings 310, input bucket 210 and output bucket 220 have multigroup rotation Angular velocity ratio, makes change speed gear box 200 realize changing the rotating speed of power and the function of moment of torsion.
Under the control of microcontroller 400, synchronizing wheel 330 can engage different main power shift gear rings 310, thus realizing Many gear gearshift work(of the function that power is changed with rotating speed and moment of torsion of multiple gears of change speed gear box 200, referred to as change speed gear box 200 Can, when all synchronizing wheels 330 are in the centre position of synchronous gear hub 340, that is, synchronizing wheel 330 does not engage any one main gearshift Gear ring 310, then do not have the transmission of power, be the neutral state of change speed gear box 200 between input bucket 210 and output bucket 220.
Under the control of microcontroller 400, clutch control section 121 can control clutch 120 to realize combination, half hitch Close and mask work state.
Motor vehicle driven by mixed power operational mode of the present invention is as follows:
1. under the control of microcontroller 400, fuel engines 110 is closed, and change speed gear box 200 is in neutral state, battery The electricity of part 403 storage, through the conversion of electric energy management part 402, at wire transmission to motor component 221, works as electricity During the coil stator 223 of circulation motor component 221, the p-m rotor 222 being fixed on motor axis 202 is made to be in rotation Kinestate, motor component 221 produce kinetic energy through motor axis 202, differential mechanism 130 and left and right jack shaft 140, It is delivered on driving wheel 150, so that vehicle is run, realize vehicle pure driven by power operational mode.
2. under the control of microcontroller 400, fuel engines 110 runs, the electric power to wire for the electric energy management part 402 Transmission is in interrupt status, and clutch 120 is in bonding state, and in change speed gear box 200, synchronizing wheel 330 engages a corresponding master and changes Gear gear ring 310, the kinetic energy that fuel engines 110 produces is through clutch 120, the electromotor axis 201 of change speed gear box 200, defeated Enter bucket 210, synchronous gear hub 340, synchronizing wheel 330, main power shift gear ring 310, secondary power shift gear ring 320, output bucket 220, electronic Machine axis 202, differential mechanism 130 and left and right jack shaft 140, are delivered on driving wheel 150, so that vehicle is run, realize vehicle pure Fuel power drives operational mode.
3. when external request requires vehicle all one's effort Accelerating running, under the control of microcontroller 400, fuel engines 110 operations, clutch 121 is in bonding state, and in change speed gear box 200, synchronizing wheel 330 engages a corresponding main power shift gear ring 310, fuel engines produce 110 kinetic energy through clutch 120, the electromotor axis 201 of change speed gear box 200, input bucket 210, Synchronous gear hub 340, synchronizing wheel 330, main power shift gear ring 310 and secondary power shift gear ring 320, it is delivered at output bucket 220, simultaneously Battery component 403 storage electricity through electric energy management part 402 conversion, at wire transmission to motor component 221, When the coil stator 223 of current electrifying motivation part 221, the p-m rotor 222 being fixed on motor axis 202 is made to be in Rotary motion state, together with the kinetic energy that produces with motor component 221 of kinetic energy that fuel engines 110 produces in motor Axle 202, differential mechanism 130 and left and right jack shaft 140, are delivered on driving wheel 150, make vehicle all one's effort Accelerating running, realize car Fuel power powers up power and jointly drives operational mode.
4. under the controlling of microcontroller 400, fuel engines 110 runs, and clutch 120 is in bonding state, becomes Fast case 200 is in neutral state, and the kinetic energy that fuel engines 110 produces, through clutch 120, is delivered to electromotor axis 201 On, make the p-m rotor 212 of generator component 211 and coil stator 213 be in relative rotary motion state, in electric energy management portion Under the operation of part 402, generator component 211 work produces electric current, by the transmission of wire and turning of electric energy management part 402 Change, battery component 403 is charged operate, realizes vehicle fuel generating operating mode.
5. under the controlling of microcontroller 400, fuel engines 110 runs, and clutch 120 is in bonding state, becomes In fast case 200 synchronizing wheel 330 engage a corresponding main power shift gear ring 310, fuel engines 110 produce kinetic energy through from Clutch 120, is delivered on electromotor axis 201, makes the p-m rotor 212 of generator component 211 and coil stator 213 be in phase To rotary motion state, under the operation of electric energy management part 402, generator component 211 work produces electric current, by wire Transmission and the conversion of electric energy management part 402, are charged to battery component 403 operating, fuel engines 110 produces simultaneously Kinetic energy is also by input bucket 210, synchronous gear hub 340, synchronizing wheel 330, main power shift gear ring 310, secondary power shift gear ring 320, defeated Go out bucket 220, motor axis 202, differential mechanism 130 and left and right jack shaft 140, be delivered on driving wheel 150, so that vehicle is transported OK, realize vehicle fuel to generate electricity plus drive operational mode.
6. it is in descending when vehicle, slide or during on-position, under microcontroller 400 controls, the kinetic energy that vehicle runs By driving wheel 150, left and right jack shaft 140 and differential mechanism 130, it is delivered at the motor axis 202 of change speed gear box 200, makes The p-m rotor 222 of motor component 221 and coil stator 223 are in relative rotary motion state, and motor component 221 is inverse To running work and producing electric current, by the transmission of wire and the conversion of electric energy management part 402, battery component 403 is carried out Charging operations, realize vehicle energy and reclaim operational mode,
7., when vehicle needs from static reversing back, under microcontroller 400 controls, fuel engines 110 is closed, and becomes Fast case 200 is in neutral state, and the electricity of battery component 403 storage, through the conversion of electric energy management part 402, is passed by wire Transport at motor component 221, in the coil stator 223 of current electrifying motivation part 221, make to be fixed on motor axis P-m rotor 222 above 202 is in counter rotational movement state, and the kinetic energy that motor component 221 produces is in motor Axle 202, differential mechanism 130 and left and right jack shaft 140, are delivered on driving wheel 150, so that vehicle is run from static reversing back, Realize vehicle pure electric power backward running pattern.

Claims (7)

1. the Vehicular hybrid power change speed gear box of a kind of built-in electromotor and motor, this change speed gear box is included by generator component, electricity Motivation part, clutch, input bucket, the mechanical component of output bucket, power shift gear group parts and housing composition, and by microcontroller Device, clutch controller, electromotor axis revolution speed sensing part, motor axis revolution speed sensing part, gear fork controls part, Electric energy management part and the electric member of power supply composition;This microcontroller respectively with rotating speed in clutch controller, electromotor Sensing element, motor axis revolution speed sensing part, gear fork controls part, electric energy management part and power supply connect.
2. change speed gear box according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that be provided with a hollow cavity inside described input bucket, this is hollow Chamber is round table-like or turriform cylinder group shape, and generator component is placed in this hollow cavity.
3. change speed gear box according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that be provided with a hollow cavity inside described output bucket, this is hollow Chamber is round table-like or turriform cylinder group shape, and motor component is placed in this hollow cavity.
4. change speed gear box according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described power shift gear part is changed by by the master that one group of diameter does not wait Gear gear ring, one group of diameter unequal pair power shift gear ring, multiple synchronizing wheel, multiple synchronous gear hub, multiple selector fork and Multiple selector fork controllers composition, between the quantity of main power shift gear ring is 1 to 13, the quantity of secondary power shift gear ring and master The quantity of power shift gear ring is equal, when the quantity of main power shift gear ring is even number, power shift gear based on the quantity of synchronizing wheel The 1/2 of number of rings amount, when the quantity of main power shift gear ring is odd number, based on the quantity of synchronizing wheel, power shift gear number of rings amount adds 1 1/2 afterwards, synchronous gear hub, selector fork, the quantity of selector fork controller and synchronizing wheel quantity equal.
5. the change speed gear box according to claim 1 or 4 it is characterised in that main power shift gear ring according to diameter sequence set It is placed on the outer wall of input bucket.
6. the change speed gear box according to claim 1 or 4 is it is characterised in that secondary power shift gear ring is solid according to the sequence of diameter It is scheduled on the outer wall of input bucket.
7. change speed gear box according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that input bucket becomes big roundlet opposite direction to be placed on speed change with output bucket In the housing of case, the axial line of input bucket at grade and becomes parastate with the axial line of output bucket.
CN201610911458.1A 2016-10-18 2016-10-18 Vehicle hybrid power gearbox with built-in generator and electromotor Pending CN106379157A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110293834A (en) * 2019-07-11 2019-10-01 广西玉柴机器股份有限公司 The dynamic power shift gear box system of hybrid power parallel connection bi-motor

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110293834A (en) * 2019-07-11 2019-10-01 广西玉柴机器股份有限公司 The dynamic power shift gear box system of hybrid power parallel connection bi-motor

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Application publication date: 20170208