CN106357966A - Panoramic image photographing device and panoramic image acquiring method - Google Patents

Panoramic image photographing device and panoramic image acquiring method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106357966A
CN106357966A CN201610942984.4A CN201610942984A CN106357966A CN 106357966 A CN106357966 A CN 106357966A CN 201610942984 A CN201610942984 A CN 201610942984A CN 106357966 A CN106357966 A CN 106357966A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
image
wide
angle lens
interface
angle
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Pending
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CN201610942984.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴君安
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
LeTV Holding Beijing Co Ltd
LeTV Mobile Intelligent Information Technology Beijing Co Ltd
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LeTV Holding Beijing Co Ltd
LeTV Mobile Intelligent Information Technology Beijing Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610942984.4A priority Critical patent/CN106357966A/en
Publication of CN106357966A publication Critical patent/CN106357966A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B13/00Optical objectives specially designed for the purposes specified below
    • G02B13/001Miniaturised objectives for electronic devices, e.g. portable telephones, webcams, PDAs, small digital cameras
    • G02B13/0015Miniaturised objectives for electronic devices, e.g. portable telephones, webcams, PDAs, small digital cameras characterised by the lens design
    • G02B13/002Miniaturised objectives for electronic devices, e.g. portable telephones, webcams, PDAs, small digital cameras characterised by the lens design having at least one aspherical surface
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B13/00Optical objectives specially designed for the purposes specified below
    • G02B13/06Panoramic objectives; So-called "sky lenses" including panoramic objectives having reflecting surfaces
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N5/00Details of television systems
    • H04N5/222Studio circuitry; Studio devices; Studio equipment ; Cameras comprising an electronic image sensor, e.g. digital cameras, video cameras, TV cameras, video cameras, camcorders, webcams, camera modules for embedding in other devices, e.g. mobile phones, computers or vehicles
    • H04N5/225Television cameras ; Cameras comprising an electronic image sensor, e.g. digital cameras, video cameras, camcorders, webcams, camera modules specially adapted for being embedded in other devices, e.g. mobile phones, computers or vehicles
    • H04N5/2251Constructional details
    • H04N5/2254Mounting of optical parts, e.g. lenses, shutters, filters or optical parts peculiar to the presence or use of an electronic image sensor
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N5/00Details of television systems
    • H04N5/222Studio circuitry; Studio devices; Studio equipment ; Cameras comprising an electronic image sensor, e.g. digital cameras, video cameras, TV cameras, video cameras, camcorders, webcams, camera modules for embedding in other devices, e.g. mobile phones, computers or vehicles
    • H04N5/225Television cameras ; Cameras comprising an electronic image sensor, e.g. digital cameras, video cameras, camcorders, webcams, camera modules specially adapted for being embedded in other devices, e.g. mobile phones, computers or vehicles
    • H04N5/232Devices for controlling television cameras, e.g. remote control ; Control of cameras comprising an electronic image sensor
    • H04N5/23238Control of image capture or reproduction to achieve a very large field of view, e.g. panorama

Abstract

The embodiments of the invention provide a panoramic image photographing device and a panoramic image acquiring method, belonging to the technical field of panoramic images. The panoramic image photographing device comprises at least two wide-angle lenses, a graphics processor connected with the at least two wide-angle lenses, and a communication module which is electrically connected with the graphics processor through a communication interface, wherein the at least two wide-angle lenses are used for performing photographing of images along different directions respectively so as to acquire images in a 360-degree range around the panoramic image photographing device which is taken as an origin of coordinates; and the graphics processor is used for processing the images photographed by the at least two wide-angle lenses and transmitting the images by virtue of the communication module. A user can expand the images photographed by the at least two wide-angle lenses at a smart terminal and then splice the images into a 360-degree panoramic image. According to the device and the method provided by the invention, the acquisition of the panoramic image is completed by virtue of an external smart terminal, the photographing of the panoramic image is carried out by virtue of the at least two wide-angle lenses, and the device is small in volume and low in cost.

Description

Panorama image shooting apparatus and panoramic picture acquisition methods
Technical field
The present embodiments relate to image technique field, more particularly, to a kind of panorama image shooting apparatus and panoramic picture obtain Take method.
Background technology
Developing rapidly with computer technology, the species that multimedia is comprised also gets more and more, the effect that can show Also get more and more, and some more traditional manifestation modes also increasingly cannot meet most of client and want for exhibition method Ask.In traditional manifestation mode, the means of displaying are nothing but static plane picture and dynamic video, also have and carry out three-dimensional Panorama is shown.Static images can only provide a certain angular image of scene, even wide-angle lens nor effectively complete Face scene is showed;And although dynamic video can allow user have comprehensive understanding to scene, can image aspects are still Limited, viewing mode depends on the style of shooting of photographer, not freely.The mode of three-dimensional modeling can solve static images and The problem of dynamic video all presence, but cost is very high, and verity is also not always satisfactory.
We need true, comprehensive, intuitively show a certain scene when, panoramic picture rely on 360 degrees omnidirection visual angle, The advantage of scene on a large scale can be covered, obtain in fields such as virtual real-image space structure, panoramic video monitoring, robot visual guidances Arrive and more and more widely studied and apply.
In realizing process of the present invention, inventor finds that in prior art, at least there are the following problems:
Main two kinds of existing panoramic picture capture apparatus: a kind of is professional equipment, and volume is big, expensive, and operation is multiple Miscellaneous;Another kind is then individual camera, and construction is complicated and price is higher.
Therefore for domestic consumer, how to provide a kind of simply portable panorama image shooting apparatus be one need The problem solving.
Content of the invention
In view of this, one of technical problem that the embodiment of the present invention is solved is to provide a kind of panorama image shooting apparatus And panoramic picture acquisition methods, in order to overcome panoramic shooting equipment volume in prior art big, baroque defect, reach letter Single portable effect.
It is more fully described the exemplary embodiment of the disclosure below with reference to accompanying drawings.Although showing the disclosure in accompanying drawing Exemplary embodiment it being understood, however, that may be realized in various forms the disclosure and should not be by embodiments set forth here Limited.On the contrary, these embodiments are provided to be able to be best understood from the disclosure, and can be by the scope of the present disclosure Complete conveys to those skilled in the art.
The application one side provides a kind of panorama image shooting apparatus, comprising: at least two wide-angle lens, with described extremely The graphic process unit that few two wide-angle lens connect;Communication module, is electrically connected with described graphic process unit by communication interface;Its In, described at least two wide-angle lens are used for carrying out image taking respectively along different directions, to obtain with described panoramic picture Filming apparatus are the image of 360 degree of the surrounding of zero;Described graphic process unit is used for described at least two wide-angle lens The image shooting is processed and is transmitted by described communication module.
Alternatively, the angle of visual field of described at least two wide-angle lens is respectively greater than 180 degree.
Alternatively, described wide-angle lens is fish eye lens.
Alternatively, described graphic process unit includes: image processing module and image transmission module;Described image processing module Image for shooting to described at least two wide-angle lens carries out mirror image processing and coded treatment;Described image transport module is used In being transmitted to the image after mirror image processing and coded treatment by described communication module.
Alternatively, the image that described image processing module is further used for described at least two wide-angle lens are shot is carried out Image mosaic is processed, and described image splicing is that the image shooting described at least two wide-angle lens is spliced, and is formed 360 degree of panoramic pictures.
Alternatively, described graphic process unit is circumscribed with mike, and described mike is used in described at least two wide-angle lens Head carries out picking up audio signal during image taking.
Alternatively, described graphic process unit is connected with obliquity sensor, for obtaining wide-angle lens and weight during shooting image The inclination angular data of power axle, when shoot image tilt when, adjustment image angle, with ensure panoramic picture play when just Vertical.
Alternatively, described communication interface include usb type-a interface, usb type-b interface, usb type-c interface, Any one in lightning interface, wireless data interface.
Alternatively, powered to described panorama panorama image shooting apparatus by described communication interface.
The application another aspect provides a kind of panoramic picture acquisition methods, comprising: divided by least two wide-angle lens Do not carry out image taking along different directions, to obtain 360 degree of the surrounding with described panorama image shooting apparatus as zero Image;The image that described at least two wide-angle lens are shot is processed and is transmitted by communication module;Described logical Letter module includes communication interface.
Alternatively, the angle of visual field of described at least two wide-angle lens is respectively greater than 180 degree.
Alternatively, described wide-angle lens is fish eye lens.
Alternatively, the described image that described at least two wide-angle lens are shot is processed and is carried out by communication module Transmission includes: the image that described at least two wide-angle lens are shot carries out mirror image processing and coded treatment;By described communication Module is transmitted to the image after mirror image processing and coded treatment.
Alternatively, to described at least two wide-angle lens shoot image carry out mirror image processing after, to described extremely The image that few two wide-angle lens shoot also includes before carrying out coded treatment: the figure that described at least two wide-angle lens are shot As carrying out image mosaic process, described image splicing is that the image shooting described at least two wide-angle lens is spelled Connect, form 360 degree of panoramic pictures.
Alternatively, methods described also includes, the pickup audio frequency letter when described at least two wide-angle lens carry out image taking Number.
Alternatively, methods described also includes, and when obtaining shooting image, the inclination angular data of wide-angle lens and gravity axis, works as bat When the image taken the photograph tilts, the angle of adjustment image, upright when playing to ensure panoramic picture.
Alternatively, described communication interface include usb type-a interface, usb type-b interface, usb type-c interface, Any one in lightning interface, wireless data interface.
From above technical scheme, embodiments provide a kind of panorama image shooting apparatus, including at least two Individual wide-angle lens, the graphic process unit being connected with described at least two wide-angle lens;Communication module, by communication interface with described Graphic process unit electrically connects;Wherein, described at least two wide-angle lens are used for carrying out image taking respectively along different directions, with Obtain the image of 360 degree of the surrounding with described panorama image shooting apparatus as zero;Described graphic process unit is used for institute The image stating at least two wide-angle lens shootings is processed and is transmitted by described communication module.Implemented by the present invention Example, can intelligent terminal side realize to described at least two wide-angle lens shoot image spread after be spliced to form 360 degree complete Scape image.Only carry out the shooting of image by two wide-angle lens, then image spread and the work spliced completed by intelligent terminal, Panoramic picture photographic attachment is simplified it is achieved that simply portable effect.
Brief description
The picture that one or more embodiments are passed through in corresponding accompanying drawing is illustrative, these exemplary theorys Bright do not constitute the restriction to embodiment, the element in accompanying drawing with same reference numbers label is expressed as similar element, removes Non- have special statement, and composition does not limit the figure in accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is the embodiment of the present invention one panorama image shooting apparatus structural representation;
Fig. 2 is the embodiment of the present invention two panorama image shooting apparatus structural representation;
Fig. 3 is the stream of data transmission method between panorama image shooting apparatus and intelligent terminal in embodiment illustrated in fig. 2 two Cheng Tu;
Fig. 4 is the embodiment of the present invention three panorama image shooting apparatus structural representation;
Fig. 5 is the embodiment of the present invention four panorama image shooting apparatus structural representation;
Fig. 6 is the embodiment of the present invention five panoramic picture camera system structural representation;
Fig. 7 is the embodiment of the present invention six panoramic picture camera system structural representation;
Fig. 8 is the embodiment of the present invention seven panoramic picture camera system structural representation;
Fig. 9 is the flow chart of panoramic picture camera system methods of exhibiting in embodiment illustrated in fig. 8 seven.
Specific embodiment
It is more fully described the exemplary embodiment of the disclosure below with reference to accompanying drawings.Although showing the disclosure in accompanying drawing Exemplary embodiment it being understood, however, that may be realized in various forms the disclosure and should not be by embodiments set forth here Limited.On the contrary, these embodiments are provided to be able to be best understood from the disclosure, and can be by the scope of the present disclosure Complete conveys to those skilled in the art.
Fig. 1 is the embodiment of the present invention one panorama image shooting apparatus structural representation.Referring to Fig. 1, the embodiment of the present invention carries Supply a kind of panorama image shooting apparatus, comprising:
At least two wide-angle lens 101, for carrying out image taking respectively along different directions, to obtain with described panorama Image capturing device is 360 degree around zero of image;
Graphic process unit 102, the image for shooting to described at least two wide-angle lens 101 is processed and is passed through Letter interface 103 by the image transmitting after processing to intelligent terminal, to clap to described at least two wide-angle lens in intelligent terminal side It is spliced to form 360 degree of panoramic pictures after the image spread taken the photograph;
Communication interface 103, for the image transmitting after processing described graphic process unit to intelligent terminal.
Therefore, described at least two wide-angle lens 101 should collect with described panorama image shooting apparatus as coordinate The image that 360 degree of the surrounding of initial point.Specifically, described at least two wide-angle lens 101 are configurable to two angles of visual field respectively More than the wide-angle lens of 180 degree, such as fish eye lens, it is possible to use a wide-angle lens carries out rotary view taking.Need Bright, both the above camera lens choose mode wide-angle lens number might not, can suitably increase camera lens number to carry High imaging quality.
Fish eye lens belongs to one of wide-angle lens special lens, the model that its visual angle can be able to be seen beyond human eye Enclose.In 1 meter of distance, the depth of field is up to infinity, so it is very distinct that subject can be made to show in picture for fish eye lens Depth transparent effect, more sense of reality compared with traditional virtual reality, can bring brand-new real scene sense and Interactive impression.
Preferably, in order to improve the portability of panorama image shooting apparatus, it is more than using two angles of visual field in the present embodiment The fish eye lens of 180 degree carries out image taking, and described at least two wide-angle lens 101 are respectively greater than 180 using two angles of visual field The fish eye lens of degree.The specific size that described two angles of visual field are respectively greater than its angle of visual field of fish eye lens of 180 degree should be guaranteed that The image that each camera lens collects has the lap of enough sizes.
Specifically, in the present embodiment, using two angles of visual field be respectively greater than 180 degree fish eye lens primary optical axis parallel or What person overlapped is placed on the relative both sides of panorama image shooting apparatus, shoots respective side in opposite direction respectively and is more than 180 degree Image within the vision.Wherein, described relative both sides can be the both sides up and down of described panorama image shooting apparatus, left and right Any one situation in both sides, in front and back both sides.
Described graphic process unit 102 is used for described two angles of visual field are respectively greater than with the figure that the fish eye lens of 180 degree shoots As processed and by described communication interface by process after image transmitting give described intelligent terminal.Described graphic process unit pair The process of image comprises multiple situations, can be the image compression only described fish eye lens being photographed or right The image that described fish eye lens photographs carries out mirror image switch and compression coding or described fish eye lens is photographed Image carry out mirror image switch, compression coding and launch splicing.Described graphics process implement body is to described in the present embodiment The image that the fish eye lens of two angle of visual field respectively greater than 180 degrees shoots carries out mirror image switch and encoding compression processing.
Described communication interface 103 regards the difference of concrete terminal, using different interfaces.Preferably, in the present embodiment, lead to Crossing setting micro usb interface or usb type-c interface is communication interface, can be easy to described panorama image shooting apparatus and intelligence Data transfer between energy terminal, particularly supports andriod equipment of on-the-go (otg) function etc..Can certainly lead to Crossing setting lightning interface is communication interface, passes in order to the data between described panorama image shooting apparatus and ios equipment Defeated, the iphone of such as apple company, the intelligent terminal such as ipad.In addition, described communication interface can also be other kinds of Usb interface, such as usb type-a interface, usb type-b interface, or support infrared, the no line number of the agreement such as bluetooth, wifi According to interface.
Specifically, in the present embodiment using two angles of visual field be respectively greater than 180 degree fish eye lens primary optical axis parallel or What person overlapped is placed on the relative both sides of panorama image shooting apparatus, shoots respective side in opposite direction respectively and is more than 180 degree Image within the vision, to obtain 360 degree around with described panorama image shooting apparatus as zero of image, thus real The acquisition of existing panoramic picture.By supporting app software, after intelligent terminal is processed, finally synthesize panoramic picture.
The present embodiment is only just completed 360 around with panorama image shooting apparatus as zero using two fish eye lenses Degree image shooting, improve image quality while, also reduce the requirement to number of shots, thus simplifying panorama The structure of image capturing device, and reduce its volume.
Fig. 2 is the embodiment of the present invention two panorama image shooting apparatus structural representation.Referring to Fig. 2, another enforcement of the present invention Example provides a kind of panorama image shooting apparatus, and described graphic process unit 102 includes:
Image processing module 112, image transmission module 122, memory module 132.
Described image processing module 112 is used for the carrying out coding pressure to the image mirrors upset collecting with to view data Contracting;
Panoramic picture after compression coding is transferred to described intelligence by described communication interface by described image transport module 122 Can terminal.
Described memory module 132 includes rom and ram, and described rom is used for depositing described image processing module 112 and handles well Image, described ram is used for depositing the program of described panorama image shooting apparatus operation when carrying out Activities;
In described at least two wide-angle lens 101, the optical analog figure that scenery is generated respectively by the lens of each camera lens As projecting in image sensor surface, then turn to the signal of telecommunication, after a/d (analog digital conversion) conversion, be changed into digital picture, Enter described graphic process unit 102.
In described graphic process unit 102, described digital picture is first transferred to processed in image processing module 112, Pass through described image transport module 122 again and described communication interface 103 is transferred in intelligent terminal and processes, by intelligent terminal just Panoramic picture can be seen.
Because the processing method of image mirrors upset is very common, repeat no more in the present embodiment.
There is redundancy in view of in view data, before the transmission carrying out image, need for image to carry out compression coding It is spliced to form 360 degree of panoramic pictures after the image spread described at least two wide-angle lens being shot in order to intelligent terminal.Figure Redundancy as data is mainly shown as: the spatial redundancy that in image, the dependency between neighbor causes;Different in image sequence There is the time redundancy that dependency causes between frame.
The purpose of image compression is exactly to reduce, by removing these data redundancies, the bit number representing needed for data. The spatial redundancy of image specifically can be removed by dct Coding Compression Technology;Process to remove image by keyframe techniques Time redundancy.
Before carrying out image transmitting between described panorama image shooting apparatus and intelligent terminal, graphic process unit can be passed through Being stored, the compression that will collect or unpressed panoramic picture are first stored in storage mould to memory module 132 in 102 Block, passes through communications interface transmission to intelligent terminal after the acquisition order obtaining intelligent terminal again.
Image transmission module 122 is used for, by described communication interface, the panoramic picture after compression coding is transferred to described intelligence Can terminal.Preferably, to be realized from usb device controller herein.Specifically can follow following " agreement ":
First, main frame sends out the 1st packet to slave, claim data direction of transfer, data transfer address, data transfer class Type.
Secondly, main frame is sent out the 2nd and is loaded with real data to n-th packet.
Finally, slave returns an ack bag, the result of reported data transmission, such as accepts to malfunction or the information such as successfully, this Sample main frame just can recognize current transmission situation whereby, it is possible to such as deciding whether to retransmit to make corresponding measure.
There it is contemplated that the situation to slave for the data sent out by main frame, and situation is also the same when slave sends out data to main frame , such as
When confidential data is to main frame, take same main frame similar mode:
First, slave sends out the 1st packet to main frame, claim data direction of transfer, data transfer address, data transfer class Type.
Secondly, slave is sent out the 2nd and is loaded with real data to n-th packet
Finally, main frame returns an ack bag, the result of reported data transmission, such as accepts to malfunction or the information such as successfully, this Sample slave just can recognize current transmission situation whereby, it is possible to such as deciding whether to retransmit to make corresponding measure.
Usually, main frame (master) and slave (slaver) all can be received and can send out.Accordingly, at a time, Master is sending out data, then be called transmitting terminal (transmitter), and when accepting, we are referred to as receiving terminal (receiver). Same to slaver.
In the present embodiment, the data transfer mode of usb has made manner below into by mode above and has carried out.Fig. 3 is In embodiment illustrated in fig. 2 two of the present invention between panorama image shooting apparatus and intelligent terminal data transmission method flow chart, such as Shown in Fig. 3:
First, intelligent terminal sends out the 1st packet to panorama image shooting apparatus, claim data direction of transfer, and data passes Defeated address, data transmission.
Secondly, after panorama image shooting apparatus receive first packet that intelligent terminal sends, then send out the 2nd to n-th Individual packet is loaded with real data.
Finally, intelligent terminal returns a packet is an ack bag, and the result of reported data transmission such as accepts The wrong or information such as successfully, such panorama image shooting apparatus just can recognize current transmission situation whereby, it is possible to Make corresponding measure such as to decide whether to retransmit.
In the present embodiment, complete in described panorama image shooting apparatus to described at least two wide-angle lens shootings Image is compressed coded treatment, then gives described intelligent terminal by described communication interface by the image transmitting after process, with It is spliced to form 360 degree of panoramic pictures after the image spread that intelligent terminal side shoots to described at least two wide-angle lens.To scheme The expansion of picture, splicing operation complete in the terminal, so that panoramic picture photographic attachment is simplified it is achieved that simple Portable effect.
Fig. 4 is the embodiment of the present invention three panorama image shooting apparatus structural representation.Referring to Fig. 4, the present invention provides a kind of Panorama image shooting apparatus, described graphic process unit 102 External microphone 104 and speaker 105, and pass through described mike Audio signal when 104 pickup panoramic pictures shoot, plays prompt tone when camera is shot by described speaker 105, For example, countdown, shutter sound etc..
Because mike is very common with the driving of speaker, just repeat no more in the present embodiment.Described at least two is wide Angle mirror head is used for carrying out image taking respectively along different directions, to obtain with described panorama image shooting apparatus as zero The image of 360 degree of surrounding;The image that described graphic process unit is used for described at least two wide-angle lens are shot carries out processing simultaneously By described communication interface by the image transmitting after processing to described intelligent terminal, with intelligent terminal side to described at least two It is spliced to form 360 degree of panoramic pictures after the image spread that wide-angle lens shoots.Pick up panoramic picture by described mike 104 to clap Audio signal when taking the photograph, to realize the shooting to panoramic video;Carrying when camera is shot is play by described speaker 105 Show sound, thus user friendly shooting.So that panoramic picture photographic attachment possesses higher user while simplifying again Experience.
It should be noted that when the present embodiment implements, described mike 104 can be provided only with it is also possible to only It is provided with described speaker 105 it is also possible to described mike 104 is set to described panoramic picture with described speaker 105 On filming apparatus.
Fig. 5 is the embodiment of the present invention four panorama image shooting apparatus structural representation, and described graphic process unit external is inclined Angle transducer 106, for obtaining camera lens primary optical axis and the inclination angular data of gravity axis when panoramic picture shoots, obtains in terminal-pair To panoramic picture be shown when, so that panoramic picture is kept upright.
Specifically, in the present embodiment, described obliquity sensor uses 3 axle acceleration sensors.Described at least two is wide Angle mirror head is used for carrying out image taking respectively along different directions, to obtain with described panorama image shooting apparatus as zero The inclination angular data of camera lens primary optical axis and gravity axis when the image of 360 degree of surrounding and shooting;It is right that described graphic process unit is used for Described at least two wide-angle lens shoot image processed and by described communication interface by process after image and institute State camera lens primary optical axis and the inclination angle data of gravity axis during shooting and be transferred to described intelligent terminal, when the image shooting tilts when ratio As occurred error to lead to the image run-off the straight shooting due to the visual angle of camera lens, the angle of adjustment image is such as revolved to image Turn and process, thus ensureing that the image described at least two wide-angle lens being shot in intelligent terminal side is just spliced to form after deployment 360 degree of vertical panoramic pictures.
Because 3 axle acceleration sensors drivings are very common, just repeat no more in the present embodiment.Accelerated by described 3 axles Degree sensor obtains camera lens primary optical axis and the inclination angular data of gravity axis when shooting, and carries out panoramic picture with realization in intelligent terminal The setting of rotation shaft angle is shown during displaying.Thus user friendly shooting, while panoramic picture photographic attachment simplifies again Possess higher Consumer's Experience.
Fig. 6 is the embodiment of the present invention five panoramic picture camera system structural representation, and referring to Fig. 6, described system includes:
At least two wide-angle lens 101, for the shooting of panoramic picture;
Graphic process unit 102, for being processed and by described communication interface to the panoramic picture of described lens shooting It is transferred to described intelligent terminal;
Communication interface 103, supplies to described intelligent terminal and for described panorama image shooting apparatus for transmitting panoramic picture Electricity;
Intelligent terminal 107, for controlling the shooting of panoramic picture, the expansion of image, splice, show and share described complete Scape image.
Described at least two wide-angle lens are used for carrying out image taking respectively along different directions, to obtain with described panorama Image capturing device is 360 degree around zero of image;Described graphic process unit is used for described at least two wide-angle lens Head shoot image processed and by described communication interface by process after image transmitting give described intelligent terminal, with intelligence 360 degree of panoramic pictures can be spliced to form after the image spread to described at least two wide-angle lens shootings for the end side.Wherein said Communication interface is multiplexed with the power interface powered for described panorama image shooting apparatus, by described intelligent terminal to described panorama Photographic attachment is powered.Directly powered for described panorama image shooting apparatus by mobile terminal, and not be used in described panoramic picture Inside filming apparatus, setting power supply, for panorama image shooting apparatus, simplifies structure, alleviates quality, reduce volume.
In addition, alternately it is also possible in panorama image shooting apparatus internal battery, now, communication interface can be Above-mentioned wireless data interface;Or it is also possible in panorama image shooting apparatus internal memory, for will shoot panorama sketch As storing the local of device.
Fig. 7 is the embodiment of the present invention six panoramic picture camera system structural representation, and in the present embodiment, described intelligence is eventually End includes image pre-processing module 117, image mosaic module 127 and previewing module 137.
Described at least two wide-angle lens are used for carrying out image taking respectively along different directions, to obtain with described panorama Image capturing device is 360 degree around zero of image;Described graphic process unit is used for described at least two wide-angle lens Head shoot image processed and by described communication interface by process after image transmitting give described intelligent terminal, with intelligence 360 degree of panoramic pictures can be spliced to form after the image spread to described at least two wide-angle lens shootings for the end side.
When image transmitting after process is given described intelligent terminal by described communication interface, for communications interface transmission The image information coming over, is intended to carry out the pretreatment of image first, followed by splicing and displaying.In the present embodiment, main The decoding of image and the work launching are completed by figure pretreatment module.
There is larger difference in the image-forming principle of flake image and the fluoroscopy system of human eye, and its image information is with non-linear Mode stores, and there is gross distortion.Because flake image is the nonlinear images that there is deformation, directly carrying out splicing to it will lead Cause all functional modules below all must adopt nonlinear method.
Therefore, typically all first flake video conversion is become fairly linear, or certain dimension linear is (as carried out horizontal direction During image mosaic, then need the vertical linearity of flake image).After completing conversion, subsequent module can be linear using general process The mode of image, completes the splicing of flake image.Originally it is embodied as middle employing longitude and latitude method and correct flake image in vertical direction Distortion, spreads out into vertical linearity image.
Photo after launching is carried out split, optimization processing and suture by concatenation module, is formed and is capable of 360 degree of panoramic pictures Photo.Split, optimization processing and suture are all used and are carried out based on the ptgui technology of pano tools algorithm, its job step For: picture loading, picture registration is generated with fusion and picture, because generation error is comprehended at shooting and place, therefore the picture that will generate Lead in adobephotoshop software and processed, adjustment, remove the black surround caused by error and vacancy, finally give and conform to The image that can show 360 degree of panoramic pictures asked, and carry out panoramic picture preview on the screen of intelligent terminal.
In the present embodiment, described at least two wide-angle lens are used for carrying out image taking respectively along different directions, with Obtain 360 degree around with described panorama image shooting apparatus as zero of image;Described graphic process unit is used for described At least two wide-angle lens shoot image processed and by described communication interface by process after image transmitting give described Intelligent terminal, completes the expansion of image by intelligent terminal, splicing and preview, with intelligent terminal side to described at least two It is spliced to form 360 degree of panoramic pictures after the image spread that wide-angle lens shoots.Thus being sufficiently used intelligent terminal's processor Disposal ability and screen display function, low cost, the shooting solving the problems, such as panoramic picture of small size.
Fig. 8 is the embodiment of the present invention seven panoramic picture camera system structural representation, and referring to Fig. 8, described intelligent terminal is also Including display module 147 and sharing module 157, described display module 147 is used for completing the displaying of image;Described sharing module 157 are used for being shared panoramic picture.
The present embodiment provides display module, including control module, image load-on module and panoramic picture display module.
Control module, for identifying user instruction, completes to image shows and the control shared;
Image load-on module, for extracting panoramic picture in the internal memory by intelligent terminal;
Panoramic picture display module, the height of the size setting screen according to panoramic picture, and using this highly as radius Draw a spheroid, elementary area is stretched by the diameter according to drawing spheroid, makes the picture of elementary area be close to the interior of spheroid Wall, forms the effect of a kind of day sylphon, finally by viewpoint as sphere center position.
Panoramic picture camera system carries out image shows and the concrete grammar shared, and referring to Fig. 9, specifically includes:
S1, startup app are shown to panoramic picture or share.Enter the homepage of app, then arranged by program Parameter, whether arrange parameter includes arranging the view direction of initial start, arranges and whether activated x-axis and added using accelerometer, setting Whether speed meter, setting activate y-axis accelerometer, whether setting activates z-axis accelerometer, setting accelerometer sensitivity, setting accelerometer The parameters such as refresh time.
S2, according to panoramic image file and its carry shooting when the inclination angular data that gets carry out the loading of image, Monitoring attribute is changed after image loaded.Specifically include and allow the position zooming in or out, arranging viewpoint, x, y, z is set Whether movement angle, setting vision can rotate in x, y, z axle etc..
In addition, during elementary area is shown, the form of described user instruction can be the touch operation of user, that is, lead to Cross touch to carry out clicking, double-click, translate, pressing, rolling, rotating, amplifying, reducing, horizontally slipping and sliding up and down gesture motion, Can also when user action etc., that is, control module obtains operational order by following the action recognition action of user, Carry out a series of operation to image shows.
In the present embodiment, described at least two wide-angle lens are used for carrying out image taking respectively along different directions, with Obtain 360 degree around with described panorama image shooting apparatus as zero of image;Described graphic process unit is used for described At least two wide-angle lens shoot image processed and by described communication interface by process after image transmitting give described Intelligent terminal is complete to be spliced to form 360 degree after the image spread that intelligent terminal side shoots to described at least two wide-angle lens Scape image.Complete the displaying of panoramic picture and share by intelligent terminal, thus being sufficiently used the process energy of intelligent terminal Power and displaying function, low cost, the shooting solving the problems, such as panoramic picture of small size.
It should be noted that the imaging control device of all of above embodiment, mobile terminal side can be arranged on, you can with Send the control command of image taking in mobile terminal side, control described at least two wide-angle lens to complete image taking behaviour Make;Described panorama image shooting apparatus side equally can also be arranged on, you can with described panorama image shooting apparatus side Send the control command of image taking, control described at least two wide-angle lens to complete image capture operations.
It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the embodiment of the embodiment of the present invention can be provided as method, device (equipment) or Computer program.Therefore, the embodiment of the present invention using complete hardware embodiment, complete software embodiment or can combine soft The form of the embodiment of part and hardware aspect.And, the embodiment of the present invention can adopt and wherein include calculating one or more Computer-usable storage medium (including but not limited to disk memory, cd-rom, the optical memory of machine usable program code Deng) form of the upper computer program implemented.
The embodiment of the present invention is with reference to method according to embodiments of the present invention, device (equipment) and computer program Flow chart and/or block diagram are describing.It should be understood that can be by every in computer program instructions flowchart and/or block diagram Flow process in one flow process and/or square frame and flow chart and/or block diagram and/or the combination of square frame.These computers can be provided Programmed instruction is to the processor of general purpose computer, special-purpose computer, Embedded Processor or other programmable data processing device Used so that being produced by the instruction of computer or the computing device of other programmable data processing device with producing a machine In the dress realizing the function of specifying in one flow process of flow chart or multiple flow process and/or one square frame of block diagram or multiple square frame Put.
These computer program instructions may be alternatively stored in and can guide computer or other programmable data processing device with spy Determine in the computer-readable memory that mode works so that the instruction generation inclusion being stored in this computer-readable memory refers to Make the manufacture of device, this command device realize in one flow process of flow chart or multiple flow process and/or one square frame of block diagram or The function of specifying in multiple square frames.
These computer program instructions also can be loaded in computer or other programmable data processing device so that counting On calculation machine or other programmable devices, execution series of operation steps to be to produce computer implemented process, thus in computer or On other programmable devices, the instruction of execution is provided for realizing in one flow process of flow chart or multiple flow process and/or block diagram one The step of the function of specifying in individual square frame or multiple square frame.
Although having been described for the preferred embodiment of the embodiment of the present invention, those skilled in the art once know base This creative concept, then can make other change and modification to these embodiments.So, claims are intended to be construed to Including preferred embodiment and fall into being had altered and changing of range of embodiment of the invention.Obviously, those skilled in the art The embodiment of the present invention can be carried out with the various changes and modification spirit and scope without deviating from the embodiment of the present invention.So, if If these modifications of the embodiment of the present invention and modification belong within the scope of embodiment of the present invention claim and its equivalent technologies, Then the embodiment of the present invention is also intended to comprise these changes and modification.

Claims (17)

1. a kind of panorama image shooting apparatus are it is characterised in that include:
At least two wide-angle lens, the graphic process unit being connected with described at least two wide-angle lens;
Communication module, is electrically connected with described graphic process unit by communication interface;Wherein,
Described at least two wide-angle lens are used for carrying out image taking respectively along different directions, to obtain with described panoramic picture Filming apparatus are the image of 360 degree of the surrounding of zero;Described graphic process unit is used for described at least two wide-angle lens The image shooting is processed and is transmitted by described communication module.
2. device according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that the angle of visual field of described at least two wide-angle lens is respectively greater than 180 degree.
3. device according to claim 2 is it is characterised in that described wide-angle lens is fish eye lens.
4. device according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described graphic process unit includes: image processing module and figure As transport module;
The image that described image processing module is used for described at least two wide-angle lens are shot is carried out at mirror image processing and coding Reason;
Described image transport module is used for by described communication module, the image after mirror image processing and coded treatment being passed Defeated.
5. device according to claim 4 it is characterised in that described image processing module be further used for described at least The image of two wide-angle lens shootings carries out image mosaic process, and described image splicing is by described at least two wide-angle lens The image that head shoots is spliced, and forms 360 degree of panoramic pictures.
6. device according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described graphic process unit is circumscribed with mike, described Mike Wind is used for when described at least two wide-angle lens carry out image taking picking up audio signal.
7. device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described graphic process unit is connected with obliquity sensor, is used for The inclination angular data of wide-angle lens and gravity axis when obtaining shooting image, when the image shooting tilts, the angle of adjustment image, Upright when playing to ensure panoramic picture.
8. device according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described communication interface includes usbtype-a interface, usb Any one in type-b interface, usb type-c interface, lightning interface, wireless data interface.
9. device according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that shoot dress by described communication interface to described panoramic picture Put power supply.
10. a kind of panoramic picture acquisition methods are it is characterised in that include:
Carry out image taking by least two wide-angle lens respectively along different directions, shot with described panoramic picture with obtaining Device is the image of 360 degree of the surrounding of zero;
The image that described at least two wide-angle lens are shot is processed and is transmitted by communication module;Described communication mould Block includes communication interface.
11. methods according to claim 10 are it is characterised in that the angle of visual field of described at least two wide-angle lens is big respectively In 180 degree.
12. methods according to claim 11, wherein, described wide-angle lens is fish eye lens.
13. methods according to claim 10 it is characterised in that described to described at least two wide-angle lens shoot figure As processed and by communication module be transmitted including:
The image that described at least two wide-angle lens are shot carries out mirror image processing and coded treatment;
By described communication module, the image after mirror image processing and coded treatment is transmitted.
14. methods according to claim 13 it is characterised in that to described at least two wide-angle lens shoot image After carrying out mirror image processing, also included before the image that described at least two wide-angle lens are shot carries out coded treatment: right The image that described at least two wide-angle lens shoot carries out image mosaic process, and described image splicing is by described at least two The image that individual wide-angle lens shoots is spliced, and forms 360 degree of panoramic pictures.
15. methods according to claim 10 are it is characterised in that also include: carry out in described at least two wide-angle lens Audio signal is picked up during image taking.
16. methods according to claim 10 are it is characterised in that also include: wide-angle lens and weight when obtaining shooting image The inclination angular data of power axle, when shoot image tilt when, adjustment image angle, with ensure panoramic picture play when just Vertical.
17. methods according to claim 10 are it is characterised in that described communication interface includes usbtype-a interface, usb Any one in type-b interface, usb type-c interface, lightning interface, wireless data interface.
CN201610942984.4A 2016-11-01 2016-11-01 Panoramic image photographing device and panoramic image acquiring method Pending CN106357966A (en)

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