CN106350932B - Flocking lace fabric - Google Patents

Flocking lace fabric Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106350932B
CN106350932B CN201610708959.XA CN201610708959A CN106350932B CN 106350932 B CN106350932 B CN 106350932B CN 201610708959 A CN201610708959 A CN 201610708959A CN 106350932 B CN106350932 B CN 106350932B
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China
Prior art keywords
health care
layer
antibiotic health
flocking
nylon
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CN201610708959.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106350932A (en
Inventor
谭托
许冠升
杨丽
施清游
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FUJIAN BAIKAI WARP KNITTING INDUSTRIAL Co Ltd
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FUJIAN BAIKAI WARP KNITTING INDUSTRIAL Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610708959.XA priority Critical patent/CN106350932B/en
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B21/00Warp knitting processes for the production of fabrics or articles not dependent on the use of particular machines; Fabrics or articles defined by such processes
    • D04B21/14Fabrics characterised by the incorporation by knitting, in one or more thread, fleece, or fabric layers, of reinforcing, binding, or decorative threads; Fabrics incorporating small auxiliary elements, e.g. for decorative purposes
    • D04B21/16Fabrics characterised by the incorporation by knitting, in one or more thread, fleece, or fabric layers, of reinforcing, binding, or decorative threads; Fabrics incorporating small auxiliary elements, e.g. for decorative purposes incorporating synthetic threads
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR MAN-MADE THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01DMECHANICAL METHODS OR APPARATUS IN THE MANUFACTURE OF ARTIFICIAL FILAMENTS, THREADS, FIBRES, BRISTLES OR RIBBONS
    • D01D5/00Formation of filaments, threads, or the like
    • D01D5/08Melt spinning methods
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR MAN-MADE THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01DMECHANICAL METHODS OR APPARATUS IN THE MANUFACTURE OF ARTIFICIAL FILAMENTS, THREADS, FIBRES, BRISTLES OR RIBBONS
    • D01D5/00Formation of filaments, threads, or the like
    • D01D5/08Melt spinning methods
    • D01D5/088Cooling filaments, threads or the like, leaving the spinnerettes
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR MAN-MADE THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01DMECHANICAL METHODS OR APPARATUS IN THE MANUFACTURE OF ARTIFICIAL FILAMENTS, THREADS, FIBRES, BRISTLES OR RIBBONS
    • D01D5/00Formation of filaments, threads, or the like
    • D01D5/12Stretch-spinning methods
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR MAN-MADE THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01DMECHANICAL METHODS OR APPARATUS IN THE MANUFACTURE OF ARTIFICIAL FILAMENTS, THREADS, FIBRES, BRISTLES OR RIBBONS
    • D01D7/00Collecting the newly-spun products
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR MAN-MADE THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01FCHEMICAL FEATURES IN THE MANUFACTURE OF ARTIFICIAL FILAMENTS, THREADS, FIBRES, BRISTLES OR RIBBONS; APPARATUS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF CARBON FILAMENTS
    • D01F1/00General methods for the manufacture of artificial filaments or the like
    • D01F1/02Addition of substances to the spinning solution or to the melt
    • D01F1/10Other agents for modifying properties
    • D01F1/103Agents inhibiting growth of microorganisms
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR MAN-MADE THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01FCHEMICAL FEATURES IN THE MANUFACTURE OF ARTIFICIAL FILAMENTS, THREADS, FIBRES, BRISTLES OR RIBBONS; APPARATUS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF CARBON FILAMENTS
    • D01F1/00General methods for the manufacture of artificial filaments or the like
    • D01F1/02Addition of substances to the spinning solution or to the melt
    • D01F1/10Other agents for modifying properties
    • D01F1/106Radiation shielding agents, e.g. absorbing, reflecting agents
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR MAN-MADE THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01FCHEMICAL FEATURES IN THE MANUFACTURE OF ARTIFICIAL FILAMENTS, THREADS, FIBRES, BRISTLES OR RIBBONS; APPARATUS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF CARBON FILAMENTS
    • D01F6/00Monocomponent artificial filaments or the like of synthetic polymers; Manufacture thereof
    • D01F6/88Monocomponent artificial filaments or the like of synthetic polymers; Manufacture thereof from mixtures of polycondensation products as major constituent with other polymers or low-molecular-weight compounds
    • D01F6/90Monocomponent artificial filaments or the like of synthetic polymers; Manufacture thereof from mixtures of polycondensation products as major constituent with other polymers or low-molecular-weight compounds of polyamides
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2321/00Fibres made from polymers obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • D10B2321/04Fibres made from polymers obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds polymers of halogenated hydrocarbons
    • D10B2321/042Fibres made from polymers obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds polymers of halogenated hydrocarbons polymers of fluorinated hydrocarbons, e.g. polytetrafluoroethene [PTFE]
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2321/00Fibres made from polymers obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • D10B2321/06Fibres made from polymers obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds polymers of unsaturated alcohols, e.g. polyvinyl alcohol, or of their acetals or ketals
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2331/00Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products
    • D10B2331/02Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products polyamides

Abstract

The invention relates to a flocking lace fabric which comprises from the top to the bottom a flocking layer, an antimicrobial acarus prevention layer, a waterproof layer and a support payer. The raw material for the flocking layer is the antimicrobial health care nylon fiber, the fabric for the antimicrobial acarus prevention layer is antimicrobial acarus prevention nylon fiber, the fabric for the waterproof layer is Polytetrafluoroethylene fiber, the fabric for the support layer is polyvinyl alcohol fiber; the antimicrobial health care nylon fiber of the flocking layer and the antimicrobial acarus prevention nylon fiber of the antimicrobial acarus prevention layer are interlocking each other, the antimicrobial acarus prevention nylon fiber of the antimicrobial acarus prevention layer and the Polytetrafluoroethylene fiber of the waterproof layer are interlocking each other. The use of three dimensional warp processing provides the fabric with fabric structure, retains and enhances the strength of the flocking lace fabric to the maximum, possesses good lodging resistance, flame retardant, antimicrobial and waterproof effects; the fabric has broad application potential in the field of warp knitting fabric.

Description

Flocking roses and lace fabric
【Technical field】
The present invention relates to lace fabric technical field, is a kind of flocking roses and lace fabric specifically.
【Background technology】
With cloth as base fabric, upper nylon fine hair or viscose glue fine hair are planted in front to flocked fabric, then through steaming and washing processing Form, matte is plentiful, soft touch, bright color, novel in style, wins the favor of consumer.Flocked fabric is due to hair The effect of floss, therefore with the warming of certain lint, elasticity, soft effect, nylon fiber is used as the main of flocked fabric Composition, because nylon fiber has amide structure, has similar structure, nylon fiber and human body skin with the aminoacid of human body Skin have due to contact parent's clothes sense, therefore in the meaningful advantage of lint application, while nylon fiber itself is with excellent Elasticity, therefore there is excellent elasticity and skin-friendly on flocked fabric as lint matrix using nylon.
Chinese Patent Application No. 2014106991756 is related to the method for the flocking on uneven, dilute close uneven fabric, Including:Shorn wool → fine hair dyeing → fine hair electricity process → binding agent prepare → binding agent painting is carried out to base fabric by flocking plate-making → electrostatic spinning is covered, feature is first to carry out parent to base fabric before binding agent coating is carried out to uneven, dilute close uneven base fabric Oiliness process, while in electrostatic spinning, the voltage for controlling flocking machine is 100~120kV;Advantage be due to it is concavo-convex not Flat, dilute close uneven base fabric carries out first carrying out lipophile process to base fabric before binding agent coating, and in electrostatic spinning, fine hair can Equably anchored on base fabric by binding agent so that the whole structure after flocking is clean uniform clean and tidy, while in electrostatic spinning, Using specific voltage so that the cashmere density and fastness after flocking on base fabric all reaches most preferably, improves flocking lace fabric Deng the class of product.
Chinese Patent Application No. 2011101504774 is related to a kind of spiral-flower flocked lace fabric, belongs to field of textile. It includes fabric body (1), and in the upper surface of the fabric body (1) disc floret layer (2) is provided with, and disc floret layer (2) surface recombination has Lace layer (4), in the lower surface of the fabric body (1) cashmere-planted layer (3), the lace layer (4), disc floret layer (2), flocking are provided with Layer (3) and fabric body (1) are connected as an entirety, and the disc floret layer (2) is provided with disc floret, and the cashmere-planted layer (3) is provided with floss Spend, the disc floret and velvet flowers are symmetrical.Raised disc floret and velvet flowers enhances the stereovision of spiral-flower flocked lace fabric, and It is soft comfortable.The hollow out effect of lace brings visual change, dim sensation for fabric.
【The content of the invention】
It is an object of the invention to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, there is provided a kind of flocking roses and lace fabric.
The purpose of the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of flocking roses and lace fabric, it is divided into four-layer structure, is followed successively by cashmere-planted layer from top to bottom, antibiosis anti-acarien layer, Waterproof layer and supporting layer;The raw material of cashmere-planted layer is antibiotic health care nylon fiber, and the raw material of antibiosis anti-acarien layer is antibiosis anti-acarien nylon Fiber, the raw material of waterproof layer is polytetrafluoroethylene fibre, and the raw material of supporting layer is vinal;The antibiotic health care of cashmere-planted layer Nylon fiber interweaves with the antibiosis anti-acarien nylon fiber warp knit in antibiosis anti-acarien layer and is connected, the antibiosis anti-acarien Buddhist nun in antibiosis anti-acarien layer Imperial fiber interweaves with the polytetrafluoroethylene fibre warp knit in waterproof layer and is connected, the polytetrafluoroethylene fibre and supporting layer in waterproof layer In vinal warp knit interweave connection.
The thickness of described cashmere-planted layer is 300~600 microns.
The thickness of described antibiosis anti-acarien layer is 200~300 microns.
The thickness of described waterproof layer is 200~300 microns.
The thickness of described supporting layer is 200~300 microns.
The grammes per square metre of described flocking roses and lace fabric is 300~800g/m2
The bursting strength of described flocking roses and lace fabric is 1500~5000N.
Described antibiosis anti-acarien nylon fiber is that by mite-proof agent, antibacterial and nylon chips Jing melt spinning are prepared into Arrive, be conventional Technology.
Described flocking roses and lace fabric is with antibiotic health care nylon fiber, antibiosis anti-acarien nylon fiber, politef Fiber, vinal prepares flocking roses and lace fabric using Three-dimensional warp knitting technique.
The flocking roses and lace fabric that multiple structure is arranged, and vinal is used as Rotating fields are supported, to ground, Glass and plank have it is excellent grab with joint efforts, therefore prevent the skidding of fabric;Simultaneously with waterproof and fire resistance poly- four Fluorothene is waterproof layer material, using the water proof and anti-flammability of politef, enables flocking roses and lace fabric to intercept water Infiltration;And antibacterial piles the nylon fiber of layer, in the similar fabric of Three-dimensional warp knitting, flocking roses and lace fabric is imparted excellent Different antibacterial and the function of anti-mite, while with the thickening nylon with high viscosity and high intensity as raw material in cashmere-planted layer, system Getting everything ready has the nylon fiber of antibiotic health care and high intensity, imparts the excellent lodging resistance of cashmere-planted layer, uvioresistant performance and antibacterial Effect;
The preparation method of described antibiotic health care nylon fiber, it is concretely comprised the following steps:
The preparation of first step antibiotic health care nylon master batch
It is 0.25~0.35MPa in pressure with concentrated sulphuric acid as catalyst with trimesic acid and methanol as raw material, reacts Temperature obtains esterification products trimesic acid under the conditions of 105~120 DEG C, to carry out esterification after 2.5~3.5h of esterification Methyl ester, after esterification terminates, esterification products go out unreacted methanol in 100 DEG C of vacuum distillations, then add tribromo new penta Alcohol, then at ambient pressure, carries out ester exchange reaction under the conditions of 125~135 DEG C of reaction temperature, and the ester exchange reaction time is 1.5~ 2.5h, prepares solid-phase tack producing modifying agent, then using the method for solid-phase tack producing, with low viscosity nylon chips as raw material, leads to High temperature thickening is crossed, fine vacuum technics of enhancing viscosity prepares antibiotic health care nylon master batch;
Described trimesic acid is 1 with the molar ratio of methanol:3.5~1:4.5.
The mass concentration of described catalyst concentrated sulphuric acid is 98%, and described catalyst mass fraction in the feed is 1.5~2.5%.
Described trimesic acid is 1 with the molar ratio of tribromoneoamyl alcohol:0.95~1:1.05.
Mass fraction of the described solid-phase tack producing modifying agent in function nylon chips is 10~20%.
The intrinsic viscosity of described low viscosity nylon chips is 1.6~1.8dL/g.
Described solid-phase tack producing process high temperature technics of enhancing viscosity is nitrogen protection normal pressure thickening process, and its high temperature viscosifies temperature For 210~220 DEG C, the high temperature thickening time is 8~10h, content of carboxyl end group control in section during high temperature thickening for 35~ 50mmol/g;
It is 300~60Pa to control vacuum during thickening during described fine vacuum thickening, and fine vacuum viscosifies temperature For 160~180 DEG C, the fine vacuum thickening time is 8~12h, and it is 15 that content of carboxyl end group in section is controlled during fine vacuum thickening ~25mmol/g;
Described antibiotic health care nylon fiber has antibacterial and far-infrared transmitting function, while with high-viscosity nylon to cut Piece, prepares and has high intensity, and the nylon of lodging resistance is warp knit fibrous raw material, therefore with excellent mechanical performance.
Used as thermoplastic polymer, it releases in combustion substantial amounts of heat, and the combustion heat is long-range for nylon behavior In its melting heat, the heat for producing in combustion causes substantial amounts of molten drop, and molten drop does not only result in flame to be continued to spread and pass Broadcast, while the tissue also to contacting human body causes wound, current nylon fiber flame-retardant system, mainly around the fire-retardant of phosphorus system Agent, and the blending addition for realizing phosphorus flame retardant in the method being blended, first phosphorus flame retardant is in blend melt spinning process In, due to the precipitation of phosphorus flame retardant, the spinning and dyeing of nylon are affected, cause lousiness excessive, dyeing quality is poor, and phosphorus system It mainly accelerates molten drop to fire retardant, takes away heat and flame, it is to avoid nylon burns away the flame retardant effect for playing;Therefore can not What is avoided causes the expansion of molten drop, and brominated flame-retardant has excellent radical-scavenging ability, using brominated flame-retardant itself The hydrogen bromide that can carry out radical-scavenging is formed after burning, fire retardant material is then formed, its fire resistance is further lifted, Improve into carbon;The present invention adopts trimesic acid for raw material, is reacted using methanol and carboxylic esterification, so as to purify equal benzene front three Acid, it is to avoid due to the high reaction activity of trimesic acid itself, while the more low reason of purity, it is difficult to directly and tribromoneoamyl alcohol Reaction, causes its further esterification, and reduces the structure of functional groups of itself, it is difficult to carry out ester exchange with later stage esterification products anti- Should;The trimesic acid methyl ester of methoxy group is prepared by methanol, using trimesic acid methyl ester and tribromoneoamyl alcohol Ester exchange reaction is carried out, the flame retardant mechanism containing radical-scavenging function is prepared, it is brominated in its flame retardant molecule structure Measure as 45.14%, benzene ring structure further improves it into carbon in flame retardant molecule, flame retardant effect is improved, using brominated official Can group and the synergistic effect of benzene ring structure, lifted fire-retardant and into carbon effect, further strengthen thawing resistance energy;Contain in molecule simultaneously The methoxy functional group of ester exchange reaction can be carried out, methanol is small molecule in Exchange Ester Process, and its boiling point is less than hydrone, and waves The property sent out is good, and saturated vapour pressure is far below vapour molecule, therefore the methanol that ester exchange is formed beneficial to the de- of polycondensation process small molecular Remove, especially later stage segment increases, during viscosity increases, small molecule removing is difficult, it is difficult to reach segment propagation process;
Prepared solid-phase tack producing modifying agent contains low molecule ester bond structure for end group, and it is under high temperature and fine vacuum With contain amide, ester bond and carboxyl structure carry out amidatioon, ester exchange reaction and esterification, so as to improve the molecule of nylon Amount, lifts the degree of polymerization of nylon;
Solid-phase tack producing is the main method of the high polymer for preparing high molecular, by Solid State Tackifing Technique, realizes that nylon is cut The molecule propagation process of piece, while by using high temperature ester exchange reaction, enabling solid-phase tack producing modifying agent when faster Between realize ester exchange reaction, so as to be beneficial to the thickening process of nylon, at the same using fine vacuum viscosify process, make carboxylic in nylon molecules Acid groups carry out amide reaction with amino, so as to improve the molecular weight of nylon, improve the degree of polymerization of nylon, and due to nylon sheet The caprolactam of body residual would generally affect the molecular weight of polymer, hence with low-temperature high-vacuum technics of enhancing viscosity, with solid phase increasing Adhered modification agent and caprolactam ring-opening reaction, not only reduce content of monomer, while also improving the degree of polymerization of nylon itself, improve The intensity of fiber and fabric;
The preparation of second step antibiotic health care nylon chips
The antibiotic health care nylon master batch obtained with the first step as raw material, with four acicular type zinc oxide crystal whisker and carborundum as anti-purple Outer modifying agent, by the way of twin screw blending, Jing Screw Extrusion pelletizes prepare antibiotic health care nylon chips;
The mean diameter of described four acicular type zinc oxide crystal whisker is 50~80 nanometers, and the mean diameter of carborundum is 60~80 Nanometer;
Mass fraction of the described four acicular type zinc oxide crystal whisker in antibiotic health care nylon chips is 0.5~1.0%;
Mass fraction of the described carborundum in antibiotic health care nylon chips is 0.5~1.0%;
Four acicular type zinc oxide crystal whisker has excellent antibacterial, uvioresistant and far-infrared transmitting function, can absorb far infrared Line and be transmitted in surrounding, while the needle point structure of four-needle-like zinc oxide itself, with good electrostatic enrichment performance, because Tricot lace fabric prepared by this has excellent antibacterial uvioresistant and far-infrared transmitting function and anlistatig effect, makees There is excellent lodging resistance for flocking roses and lace fabric;Simultaneously carborundum sheet is as rigid structural material, in the fibre With the rigid purpose for improving fiber, therefore the flocking roses and lace fabric prepared by improving has excellent rigidity, is lifted anti- Lodging intensity;
Simultaneously after solid-phase tack producing, the strength enhancing of nylon, its lodging resistance increases;
The preparation of the 3rd step antibiotic health care nylon fiber
The antibiotic health care nylon chips that prepared with second step and cut into slices as raw material with high visocity nylon, by melting altogether Blended ratio technique, Jing high pressure extrusion, side-blown air cooling oils, and stretching and winding prepare antibiotic health care nylon fiber;
The intrinsic viscosity of described high visocity nylon section is 2.45~2.65dL/g;
Mass fraction of the described antibiotic health care nylon chips in antibiotic health care nylon fiber is 20~30%;
Described spinning temperature be 245~265 DEG C, spinning pressure be 15~16MPa, cross air blasting pathogenic wind-warm 28~30 DEG C, cross air blasting wind speed is 1.5~2.0m/min;Draw ratio is 2.5~3.5 times, and draft temperature is 120~135 DEG C, winding speed Spend for 4500~4800m/min;
So that with material based on high-viscosity nylon, prepared modification of nylon intensity is high, and rigidity is good, therefore for carrying The intensity and lodging resistance for rising flocked fabric has excellent effect.
Compared with prior art, the positive effect of the present invention is:
It adopts the technique of Three-dimensional warp knitting to flocking roses and lace fabric, by arranging supporting layer, so as to glass, timber has It is excellent to grab that to close the vinal of intensity be raw material, flocking roses and lace fabric grabbing with joint efforts to glass and plank is improved, Flocking roses and lace fabric is avoided to skid in use;The politef simultaneously with waterproof and anti-flaming function is anti- Water layer material, using the water proof and anti-flammability of politef, enables flocking roses and lace fabric to intercept the infiltration of water;Simultaneously With the nylon fiber with antibiosis anti-acarien function as the raw material of antibiosis anti-acarien layer, excellent anti-of flocking roses and lace fabric is imparted Bacterium and the function of anti-mite, while being protected as antibacterial with the section of the modification of nylon with high-viscosity nylon chips and Jing solid-phase tack producings Strong nylon raw fiber, it has intensity high, and lodging resistance is good, and has antibacterial, uvioresistant and far infrared transmission by addition The four acicular type zinc oxide crystal whisker of function and the carborundum of rigid structure are uvioresistant modifying agent, impart excellent anti-fall of cashmere-planted layer Fu Xing, uvioresistant performance and antibacterial action;And the lace warp knit technique of Three-dimensional warp knitting, with excellent three dimensional fabric knot of tissue Structure, the reservation of its maximum possible and the intensity of lifting flocking roses and lace fabric, prepared flocking roses and lace fabric has The excellent effects such as excellent lodging resistance, fire-retardant, antibacterial, waterproof;Before the fields such as tricot lace fabric have a wide range of applications Scape.
【Description of the drawings】
The structural representation of Fig. 1 flocking roses and lace fabrics;
Fig. 2 is the preparation reaction equation of solid-phase tack producing modifying agent;
Fig. 3 is the hydrogen nuclear magnetic resonance collection of illustrative plates of the application flocking roses and lace fabric trimesic acid methyl ester;
The hydrogen nuclear magnetic resonance collection of illustrative plates of Fig. 4 solid-phase tack producing modifying agent;
The nuclear magnetic resonance of carbon collection of illustrative plates of Fig. 5 solid-phase tack producing modifying agent;
Labelling in accompanying drawing for:Wherein 1 is supporting layer, and 2 is waterproof layer, and 3 is antibiosis anti-acarien layer, and 4 is cashmere-planted layer.
【Specific embodiment】
A kind of specific embodiment of flocking roses and lace fabric of the invention presented below.
Embodiment 1
Refer to accompanying drawing 1, a kind of flocking roses and lace fabric, it is divided into four-layer structure, and cashmere-planted layer is followed successively by from top to bottom 4, antibiosis anti-acarien layer 3, waterproof layer 2 and supporting layer 1;The raw material of cashmere-planted layer be antibiotic health care nylon fiber, the original of antibiosis anti-acarien layer Expect for antibiosis anti-acarien nylon fiber, the raw material of waterproof layer is polytetrafluoroethylene fibre, and the raw material of supporting layer is vinal; The antibiotic health care nylon fiber of cashmere-planted layer interweaves with the antibiosis anti-acarien nylon fiber warp knit in antibiosis anti-acarien layer and is connected, antibiosis anti-acarien Antibiosis anti-acarien nylon fiber in layer interweaves with the polytetrafluoroethylene fibre warp knit in waterproof layer and is connected, the polytetrafluoro in waterproof layer Vinyl fiber interweaves with the vinal warp knit in supporting layer and is connected.
The thickness of described cashmere-planted layer is 300~micron.
The thickness of described antibiosis anti-acarien layer is 200 microns.
The thickness of described waterproof layer is 200 microns.
The thickness of described supporting layer is 200 microns.
The grammes per square metre of described flocking roses and lace fabric is 300g/m2
The bursting strength of described flocking roses and lace fabric is 1500N.
Described antibiosis anti-acarien nylon fiber is that by mite-proof agent, antibacterial and nylon chips Jing melt spinning are prepared into Arrive, be conventional Technology.
Described flocking roses and lace fabric is with antibiotic health care nylon fiber, antibiosis anti-acarien nylon fiber, politef Fiber, vinal prepares flocking roses and lace fabric using Three-dimensional warp knitting technique.
The preparation method of described antibiotic health care nylon fiber, it is concretely comprised the following steps:
The preparation of first step antibiotic health care nylon master batch
It is 0.25~0.35MPa in pressure with concentrated sulphuric acid as catalyst with trimesic acid and methanol as raw material, reacts Temperature obtains esterification products trimesic acid under the conditions of 105~120 DEG C, to carry out esterification after 2.5~3.5h of esterification Methyl ester, after esterification terminates, esterification products go out unreacted methanol in 100 DEG C of vacuum distillations, then add tribromo new penta Alcohol, then at ambient pressure, carries out ester exchange reaction under the conditions of 125~135 DEG C of reaction temperature, and the ester exchange reaction time is 1.5~ 2.5h, prepares solid-phase tack producing modifying agent, then using the method for solid-phase tack producing, with low viscosity nylon chips as raw material, leads to High temperature thickening is crossed, fine vacuum technics of enhancing viscosity prepares antibiotic health care nylon master batch;Refer to accompanying drawing 2.
Described trimesic acid is 1 with the molar ratio of methanol:3.5.
The mass concentration of described catalyst concentrated sulphuric acid is 98%, and described catalyst mass fraction in the feed is 1.5%.
Described trimesic acid is 1 with the molar ratio of tribromoneoamyl alcohol:0.95.
Mass fraction of the described solid-phase tack producing modifying agent in function nylon chips is 10%.
The intrinsic viscosity of described low viscosity nylon chips is 1.6dL/g.
Described solid-phase tack producing process high temperature technics of enhancing viscosity is nitrogen protection normal pressure thickening process, and its high temperature viscosifies temperature For 210~220 DEG C, the high temperature thickening time is 8~10h, and it is 35mmol/ that content of carboxyl end group in section is controlled during high temperature thickening g;
It is 300~60Pa to control vacuum during thickening during described fine vacuum thickening, and fine vacuum viscosifies temperature For 160~180 DEG C, the fine vacuum thickening time is 8~12h, content of carboxyl end group in section is controlled during fine vacuum thickening and is 15mmol/g;
Wherein Fig. 3 is the hydrogen nuclear magnetic resonance collection of illustrative plates of the application flocking roses and lace fabric trimesic acid methyl ester, utilizes equal Benzenetricarboxylic acid reacts under the conditions of sulfuric acid catalyst with methanol and is not detected by generation esterification products, therefore resulting compound There is a characteristic absorption peak of carboxylic acid and alcoholic extract hydroxyl group, and the characteristic absorption peak of hydrogen on phenyl ring is only detected in collection of illustrative plates, and (δ is 8.90ppm) with hydrogen characteristic absorption peak (δ is 3.90ppm) on methoxyl group, therefore react in esterification reaction process, due to alcohol It is excessive, make the feature carboxylic acid in reaction on trimesic acid participate in esterification completely;
The simultaneously hydrogen nuclear magnetic resonance collection of illustrative plates of Fig. 4 solid-phase tack producing modifying agent, the hydrogen atom in molecule on each group is corresponding Chemical shift is as shown in Fig. 4 is composed;Wherein produce because trimesic acid and methanol react generation esterification under the conditions of sulfuric acid catalyst Thing trimesic acid methyl ester carries out ester exchange reaction with tribromoneoamyl alcohol, so that the alcoholic extract hydroxyl group in tribromoneoamyl alcohol is converted to ester Key, therefore the characteristic peak (δ is 2.05ppm) of the hydroxyl of tribromoneoamyl alcohol itself is not detected by collection of illustrative plates, and only detect The characteristic absorption peak of methyl functional group in the tribromo neopentyl oxygen group of tribromoneoamyl alcohol itself, and its corresponding chemical shift by 3.45ppm is transferred to 3.17ppm (b '), therefore illustrates that tribromoneoamyl alcohol has carried out ester exchange reaction with trimesic acid methyl ester; Methoxyl group itself characteristic absorption peak c ' (δ is 3.89ppm), and c ' groups characteristic peak correspondence hydrogen are also detected that in collection of illustrative plates simultaneously The ratio of atom peak area peak area corresponding with b ' group characteristic peaks is 3:Hydrogen number ratio on 1, therefore corresponding functional group For 3:1, existing tribromoneoamyl alcohol carries out 1 with trimesic acid methyl ester:The ester exchange reaction of 1 mol ratio;
Fig. 5 is the nuclear magnetic resonance of carbon collection of illustrative plates of prepared solid-phase tack producing modifying agent, and tribromoneoamyl alcohol is also occurred in that in collection of illustrative plates With the characteristic absorption peak of the flame-proof modifier that trimesic acid methyl ester carries out ester exchange reaction generation, the corresponding chemistry of wherein d and f Displacement is respectively δ for the feature suction of the methoxy functional group of trimesic acid methyl ester in 68.5ppm and 35.8ppm, and molecule Receive peak yet suffer from, and it is corresponding chemistry peak value ratio with;The peak value ratio of the quaternary carbon atom in tribromo neopentyl oxygen ester For 2:1, therefore illustrate that trimesic acid methyl ester has only carried out 1 with tribromoneoamyl alcohol:1 reaction.
The preparation of second step antibiotic health care nylon chips
The antibiotic health care nylon master batch obtained with the first step as raw material, with four acicular type zinc oxide crystal whisker and carborundum as anti-purple Outer modifying agent, by the way of twin screw blending, Jing Screw Extrusion pelletizes prepare antibiotic health care nylon chips;
The mean diameter of described four acicular type zinc oxide crystal whisker is 50~80 nanometers, and the mean diameter of carborundum is 60~80 Nanometer;
Mass fraction of the described four acicular type zinc oxide crystal whisker in antibiotic health care nylon chips is 0.5%;
Mass fraction of the described carborundum in antibiotic health care nylon chips is 0.5%;
The preparation of the 3rd step antibiotic health care nylon fiber
The antibiotic health care nylon chips that prepared with second step and cut into slices as raw material with high visocity nylon, by melting altogether Blended ratio technique, Jing high pressure extrusion, side-blown air cooling oils, and stretching and winding prepare antibiotic health care nylon fiber;
The intrinsic viscosity of described high visocity nylon section is 2.45dL/g;
Mass fraction of the described antibiotic health care nylon chips in antibiotic health care nylon fiber is 20%;
Described spinning temperature be 245~265 DEG C, spinning pressure be 15~16MPa, cross air blasting pathogenic wind-warm 28~30 DEG C, cross air blasting wind speed is 1.5~2.0m/min;Draw ratio is 2.5~3.5 times, and draft temperature is 120~135 DEG C, winding speed Spend for 4500~4800m/min;
Embodiment 2
A kind of flocking roses and lace fabric, it is divided into four-layer structure, is followed successively by cashmere-planted layer from top to bottom, antibiosis anti-acarien layer, Waterproof layer and supporting layer;The raw material of cashmere-planted layer is antibiotic health care nylon fiber, and the raw material of antibiosis anti-acarien layer is antibiosis anti-acarien nylon Fiber, the raw material of waterproof layer is polytetrafluoroethylene fibre, and the raw material of supporting layer is vinal;The antibiotic health care of cashmere-planted layer Nylon fiber interweaves with the antibiosis anti-acarien nylon fiber warp knit in antibiosis anti-acarien layer and is connected, the antibiosis anti-acarien Buddhist nun in antibiosis anti-acarien layer Imperial fiber interweaves with the polytetrafluoroethylene fibre warp knit in waterproof layer and is connected, the polytetrafluoroethylene fibre and supporting layer in waterproof layer In vinal warp knit interweave connection.
The thickness of described cashmere-planted layer is 600 microns.
The thickness of described antibiosis anti-acarien layer is 300 microns.
The thickness of described waterproof layer is 300 microns.
The thickness of described supporting layer is 300 microns.
The grammes per square metre of described flocking roses and lace fabric is 800g/m2
The bursting strength of described flocking roses and lace fabric is 5000N.
Described antibiosis anti-acarien nylon fiber is that by mite-proof agent, antibacterial and nylon chips Jing melt spinning are prepared into Arrive, be conventional Technology.
Described flocking roses and lace fabric is with antibiotic health care nylon fiber, antibiosis anti-acarien nylon fiber, politef Fiber, vinal prepares flocking roses and lace fabric using Three-dimensional warp knitting technique.
The preparation method of described antibiotic health care nylon fiber, it is concretely comprised the following steps:
The preparation of first step antibiotic health care nylon master batch
It is 0.25~0.35MPa in pressure with concentrated sulphuric acid as catalyst with trimesic acid and methanol as raw material, reacts Temperature obtains esterification products trimesic acid under the conditions of 105~120 DEG C, to carry out esterification after 2.5~3.5h of esterification Methyl ester, after esterification terminates, esterification products go out unreacted methanol in 100 DEG C of vacuum distillations, then add tribromo new penta Alcohol, then at ambient pressure, carries out ester exchange reaction under the conditions of 125~135 DEG C of reaction temperature, and the ester exchange reaction time is 1.5~ 2.5h, prepares solid-phase tack producing modifying agent, then using the method for solid-phase tack producing, with low viscosity nylon chips as raw material, leads to High temperature thickening is crossed, fine vacuum technics of enhancing viscosity prepares antibiotic health care nylon master batch;
Described trimesic acid is 1 with the molar ratio of methanol:4.5.
The mass concentration of described catalyst concentrated sulphuric acid is 98%, and described catalyst mass fraction in the feed is 2.5%.
Described trimesic acid is 1 with the molar ratio of tribromoneoamyl alcohol:1.05.
Mass fraction of the described solid-phase tack producing modifying agent in function nylon chips is 20%.
The intrinsic viscosity of described low viscosity nylon chips is 1.8dL/g.
Described solid-phase tack producing process high temperature technics of enhancing viscosity is nitrogen protection normal pressure thickening process, and its high temperature viscosifies temperature For 210~220 DEG C, the high temperature thickening time is 8~10h, and it is 50mmol/ that content of carboxyl end group in section is controlled during high temperature thickening g;
It is 300~60Pa to control vacuum during thickening during described fine vacuum thickening, and fine vacuum viscosifies temperature For 160~180 DEG C, the fine vacuum thickening time is 8~12h, content of carboxyl end group in section is controlled during fine vacuum thickening and is 25mmol/g;
The preparation of second step antibiotic health care nylon chips
The antibiotic health care nylon master batch obtained with the first step as raw material, with four acicular type zinc oxide crystal whisker and carborundum as anti-purple Outer modifying agent, by the way of twin screw blending, Jing Screw Extrusion pelletizes prepare antibiotic health care nylon chips;
The mean diameter of described four acicular type zinc oxide crystal whisker is 50~80 nanometers, and the mean diameter of carborundum is 60~80 Nanometer;
Mass fraction of the described four acicular type zinc oxide crystal whisker in antibiotic health care nylon chips is 1.0%;
Mass fraction of the described carborundum in antibiotic health care nylon chips is 1.0%;
The preparation of the 3rd step antibiotic health care nylon fiber
The antibiotic health care nylon chips that prepared with second step and cut into slices as raw material with high visocity nylon, by melting altogether Blended ratio technique, Jing high pressure extrusion, side-blown air cooling oils, and stretching and winding prepare antibiotic health care nylon fiber;
The intrinsic viscosity of described high visocity nylon section is 2.65dL/g;
Mass fraction of the described antibiotic health care nylon chips in antibiotic health care nylon fiber is 30%;
Described spinning temperature be 245~265 DEG C, spinning pressure be 15~16MPa, cross air blasting pathogenic wind-warm 28~30 DEG C, cross air blasting wind speed is 1.5~2.0m/min;Draw ratio is 2.5~3.5 times, and draft temperature is 120~135 DEG C, winding speed Spend for 4500~4800m/min;
Embodiment 3
A kind of flocking roses and lace fabric, it is divided into four-layer structure, is followed successively by cashmere-planted layer from top to bottom, antibiosis anti-acarien layer, Waterproof layer and supporting layer;The raw material of cashmere-planted layer is antibiotic health care nylon fiber, and the raw material of antibiosis anti-acarien layer is antibiosis anti-acarien nylon Fiber, the raw material of waterproof layer is polytetrafluoroethylene fibre, and the raw material of supporting layer is vinal;The antibiotic health care of cashmere-planted layer Nylon fiber interweaves with the antibiosis anti-acarien nylon fiber warp knit in antibiosis anti-acarien layer and is connected, the antibiosis anti-acarien Buddhist nun in antibiosis anti-acarien layer Imperial fiber interweaves with the polytetrafluoroethylene fibre warp knit in waterproof layer and is connected, the polytetrafluoroethylene fibre and supporting layer in waterproof layer In vinal warp knit interweave connection.
The thickness of described cashmere-planted layer is 400 microns.
The thickness of described antibiosis anti-acarien layer is 250 microns.
The thickness of described waterproof layer is 250 microns.
The thickness of described supporting layer is 250 microns.
The grammes per square metre of described flocking roses and lace fabric is 600g/m2
The bursting strength of described flocking roses and lace fabric is 4500N.
Described antibiosis anti-acarien nylon fiber is that by mite-proof agent, antibacterial and nylon chips Jing melt spinning are prepared into Arrive, be conventional Technology.
Described flocking roses and lace fabric is with antibiotic health care nylon fiber, antibiosis anti-acarien nylon fiber, politef Fiber, vinal prepares flocking roses and lace fabric using Three-dimensional warp knitting technique.
The preparation method of described antibiotic health care nylon fiber, it is concretely comprised the following steps:
The preparation of first step antibiotic health care nylon master batch
It is 0.25~0.35MPa in pressure with concentrated sulphuric acid as catalyst with trimesic acid and methanol as raw material, reacts Temperature obtains esterification products trimesic acid under the conditions of 105~120 DEG C, to carry out esterification after 2.5~3.5h of esterification Methyl ester, after esterification terminates, esterification products go out unreacted methanol in 100 DEG C of vacuum distillations, then add tribromo new penta Alcohol, then at ambient pressure, carries out ester exchange reaction under the conditions of 125~135 DEG C of reaction temperature, and the ester exchange reaction time is 1.5~ 2.5h, prepares solid-phase tack producing modifying agent, then using the method for solid-phase tack producing, with low viscosity nylon chips as raw material, leads to High temperature thickening is crossed, fine vacuum technics of enhancing viscosity prepares antibiotic health care nylon master batch;
Described trimesic acid is 1 with the molar ratio of methanol:4.0.
The mass concentration of described catalyst concentrated sulphuric acid is 98%, and described catalyst mass fraction in the feed is 2.0%.
Described trimesic acid is 1 with the molar ratio of tribromoneoamyl alcohol:1.
Mass fraction of the described solid-phase tack producing modifying agent in function nylon chips is 15%.
The intrinsic viscosity of described low viscosity nylon chips is 1.75dL/g.
Described solid-phase tack producing process high temperature technics of enhancing viscosity is nitrogen protection normal pressure thickening process, and its high temperature viscosifies temperature For 210~220 DEG C, the high temperature thickening time is 8~10h, and it is 45mmol/ that content of carboxyl end group in section is controlled during high temperature thickening g;
It is 300~60Pa to control vacuum during thickening during described fine vacuum thickening, and fine vacuum viscosifies temperature For 160~180 DEG C, the fine vacuum thickening time is 8~12h, content of carboxyl end group in section is controlled during fine vacuum thickening and is 20mmol/g;
The preparation of second step antibiotic health care nylon chips
The antibiotic health care nylon master batch obtained with the first step as raw material, with four acicular type zinc oxide crystal whisker and carborundum as anti-purple Outer modifying agent, by the way of twin screw blending, Jing Screw Extrusion pelletizes prepare antibiotic health care nylon chips;
The mean diameter of described four acicular type zinc oxide crystal whisker is 50~80 nanometers, and the mean diameter of carborundum is 60~80 Nanometer;
Mass fraction of the described four acicular type zinc oxide crystal whisker in antibiotic health care nylon chips is 0.75%;
Mass fraction of the described carborundum in antibiotic health care nylon chips is 0.75%;
The preparation of the 3rd step antibiotic health care nylon fiber
The antibiotic health care nylon chips that prepared with second step and cut into slices as raw material with high visocity nylon, by melting altogether Blended ratio technique, Jing high pressure extrusion, side-blown air cooling oils, and stretching and winding prepare antibiotic health care nylon fiber;
The intrinsic viscosity of described high visocity nylon section is 2.50dL/g;
Mass fraction of the described antibiotic health care nylon chips in antibiotic health care nylon fiber is 25%;
Described spinning temperature be 245~265 DEG C, spinning pressure be 15~16MPa, cross air blasting pathogenic wind-warm 28~30 DEG C, cross air blasting wind speed is 1.5~2.0m/min;Draw ratio is 2.5~3.5 times, and draft temperature is 120~135 DEG C, winding speed Spend for 4500~4800m/min;
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for the ordinary skill people of the art Member, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, can also make some improvements and modifications, and these improvements and modifications also should be regarded as In protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of flocking roses and lace fabric, it is characterised in that it is divided into four-layer structure, and cashmere-planted layer is followed successively by from top to bottom, resists The anti-mite layer of bacterium, waterproof layer and supporting layer;The raw material of cashmere-planted layer is antibiotic health care nylon fiber, and the raw material of antibiosis anti-acarien layer is antibacterial Anti-mite nylon fiber, the raw material of waterproof layer is polytetrafluoroethylene fibre, and the raw material of supporting layer is vinal;Cashmere-planted layer Antibiotic health care nylon fiber interweaves with the antibiosis anti-acarien nylon fiber warp knit in antibiosis anti-acarien layer and is connected, anti-in antibiosis anti-acarien layer The anti-mite nylon fiber of bacterium interweaves with the polytetrafluoroethylene fibre warp knit in waterproof layer and is connected, the polytetrafluoroethylene fibre in waterproof layer Interweave with the vinal warp knit in supporting layer and be connected;
The preparation method of described antibiotic health care nylon fiber, it is concretely comprised the following steps:
The preparation of first step antibiotic health care nylon master batch
With trimesic acid and methanol as raw material, with concentrated sulphuric acid as catalyst, pressure be 0.25~0.35MPa, reaction temperature Under the conditions of for 105~120 DEG C, esterification is carried out, esterification products trimesic acid first is obtained after 2.5~3.5h of esterification Ester, after esterification terminates, esterification products go out unreacted methanol in 100 DEG C of vacuum distillations, then add tribromoneoamyl alcohol, Then at ambient pressure, ester exchange reaction is carried out under the conditions of 125~135 DEG C of reaction temperature, the ester exchange reaction time is 1.5~ 2.5h, prepares solid-phase tack producing modifying agent, then using the method for solid-phase tack producing, with low viscosity nylon chips as raw material, leads to High temperature thickening is crossed, fine vacuum technics of enhancing viscosity prepares antibiotic health care nylon master batch;
Described solid-phase tack producing process high temperature technics of enhancing viscosity is nitrogen protection normal pressure thickening process, and its high temperature thickening temperature is 210~220 DEG C, the high temperature thickening time is 8~10h, and it is 35~50 that content of carboxyl end group in section is controlled during high temperature thickening mmol/g;
It is 300~60Pa that vacuum during thickening is controlled during described fine vacuum thickening, and fine vacuum thickening temperature is 160 ~180 DEG C, the fine vacuum thickening time is 8~12h, and it is 15~25 that content of carboxyl end group in section is controlled during fine vacuum thickening mmol/g;
The preparation of second step antibiotic health care nylon chips
The antibiotic health care nylon master batch obtained with the first step is changed with four acicular type zinc oxide crystal whisker and carborundum as raw material as uvioresistant Property agent, using twin screw blending by the way of, Jing Screw Extrusion pelletizes prepare antibiotic health care nylon chips;
The preparation of the 3rd step antibiotic health care nylon fiber
The antibiotic health care nylon chips that prepared with second step and cut into slices as raw material with high visocity nylon, spun by melt blending Silk technique, Jing high pressure extrusion, side-blown air cooling oils, and stretching and winding prepare antibiotic health care nylon fiber.
2. a kind of flocking roses and lace fabric as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described flocking roses and lace fabric Grammes per square metre be 300~800 g/m2
3. a kind of flocking roses and lace fabric as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described flocking roses and lace fabric Bursting strength be 1500~5000N.
4. a kind of flocking roses and lace fabric as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that in the system of antibiotic health care nylon master batch In standby, described trimesic acid and the molar ratio of methanol is 1:3.5~1:4.5.
5. a kind of flocking roses and lace fabric as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that in the system of antibiotic health care nylon master batch In standby, described trimesic acid and the molar ratio of tribromoneoamyl alcohol is 1:0.95~1:1.05.
6. a kind of flocking roses and lace fabric as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that in the system of antibiotic health care nylon master batch In standby, the mass fraction of described solid-phase tack producing modifying agent in antibiotic health care nylon master batch is 10~20%.
7. a kind of flocking roses and lace fabric as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that in the system of antibiotic health care nylon chips In standby, the mass fraction of described four acicular type zinc oxide crystal whisker in antibiotic health care nylon chips is 0.5~1.0%.
8. a kind of flocking roses and lace fabric as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that in the system of antibiotic health care nylon chips In standby, the mass fraction of described carborundum in antibiotic health care nylon chips is 0.5~1.0%.
9. a kind of flocking roses and lace fabric as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that in the system of antibiotic health care nylon chips In standby, the mass fraction of described antibiotic health care nylon chips in antibiotic health care nylon fiber is 20~30%.
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CN107419532A (en) * 2017-06-19 2017-12-01 江苏宏圣达花边有限公司 A kind of handling process of the anti-mite lace fabric of antibacterial
CN109111642A (en) * 2018-06-08 2019-01-01 苏州西玛家具股份有限公司 One kind having waterproof anti-corrosion Environment-friendlyplastic plastic flitch
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CN111016347A (en) * 2019-11-25 2020-04-17 江苏惟妙纺织科技有限公司 Anti-ultraviolet colorful color-changing fiber lace
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KR20150086965A (en) * 2014-01-21 2015-07-29 정승원 Method of manufacturing lace cloth
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