CN106274443A - Double synchronizer clutch and planetary gear coupling double-motor power system - Google Patents

Double synchronizer clutch and planetary gear coupling double-motor power system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106274443A
CN106274443A CN201610729127.6A CN201610729127A CN106274443A CN 106274443 A CN106274443 A CN 106274443A CN 201610729127 A CN201610729127 A CN 201610729127A CN 106274443 A CN106274443 A CN 106274443A
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China
Prior art keywords
motor
double
inter
clutch
synchronizer
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CN201610729127.6A
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CN106274443B (en
Inventor
杨林
羌嘉曦
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SHANGHAI 01 POWER TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Shanghai Jiaotong University
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SHANGHAI 01 POWER TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Shanghai Jiaotong University
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Publication of CN106274443A publication Critical patent/CN106274443A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K6/00Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00
    • B60K6/20Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs
    • B60K6/22Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs
    • B60K6/38Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs characterised by the driveline clutches
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K6/00Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00
    • B60K6/20Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs
    • B60K6/22Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs
    • B60K6/28Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs characterised by the electric energy storing means, e.g. batteries or capacitors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K6/00Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00
    • B60K6/20Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs
    • B60K6/22Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs
    • B60K6/36Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs characterised by the transmission gearings
    • B60K6/365Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs characterised by the transmission gearings with the gears having orbital motion
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K6/00Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00
    • B60K6/20Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs
    • B60K6/22Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs
    • B60K6/38Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs characterised by the driveline clutches
    • B60K6/387Actuated clutches, i.e. clutches engaged or disengaged by electric, hydraulic or mechanical actuating means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K6/00Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00
    • B60K6/20Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs
    • B60K6/50Architecture of the driveline characterised by arrangement or kind of transmission units
    • B60K6/54Transmission for changing ratio
    • B60K6/543Transmission for changing ratio the transmission being a continuously variable transmission

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Combustion & Propulsion (AREA)
  • Transportation (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Electric Propulsion And Braking For Vehicles (AREA)

Abstract

The invention provides a kind of double synchronizer clutch and planetary gear coupling double-motor power system, double synchronizer clutch includes the radially inside and outside inter-sync device arranged and external synchronizer, first splined hub of external synchronizer, second splined hub of inter-sync device is mechanically connected the spline hub being integrated, it is provided with passage on spline hub, it is provided with axial projection on the combined cover of inter-sync device and the passage on spline hub is connected with the shifting fork annular of inter-sync device, the operating mechanism of inter-sync device is flexibly connected with the shifting fork annular of inter-sync device, the operating mechanism of external synchronizer is flexibly connected with the combined cover of external synchronizer, combination gear ring and first input/output terminal of inter-sync device are connected, combination gear ring and second input/output terminal of external synchronizer are connected, spline hub and the 3rd input/output end are connected.The present invention has stepless shift function etc., has and adapts to full region, the feature of multipurpose application requirement.

Description

Double synchronizer clutch and planetary gear coupling double-motor power system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of double synchronizer clutch and dynamical system, in particular it relates to a kind of double synchronizer clutch and row Star gear coupling double-motor power system.
Background technology
Automobile power new forms of energy, electrified emphasis and the focus having become global evolution.Existing electric automobile is typically adopted With single pure driving scheme of motor.Motor running point and vehicle operating point close coupling, electric drive efficiency is difficult to optimize, makes vehicle Once charging course continuation mileage shortens;Affect system cost owing to the torque of single motor improves, use motor for this some vehicle Large speed ratio slows down and increases the scheme of square, but this scheme exists energy loss and the reliability wind that the long-time high-speed cruising of motor brings Danger.
Series-parallel hybrid electric system, relative to Cascade hybrid power driving system and parallel connection type hybrid power system, has pole Big performance advantage.But existing series-parallel hybrid electric system, such as the THS2 of the most representational Toyota Motor company (second filial generation Toyota hybrid power system) hybrid power system, AHS2 (second filial generation advanced person's hybrid power system of General Motors Corporation System) system, power coupling mechanism structure is complicated, manufacturing cost is high.Through the literature search of prior art is found a notification number For CN201021118Y, the day for announcing be on 02 13rd, 2008, patent name be " Series-Parallel HEV " China specially Profit, this patented technology mainly includes electromotor, and this electromotor is mechanically connected by a clutch and a motor, and this motor is again Being mechanically connected with a drive axle, separately, described electromotor is connected with a generator mechanical again, and this electromotor then passes through electricity generating controller It is electrically connected with accumulator battery, additionally, described motor drives controller to be electrically connected with described accumulator battery also by one ", Its weak point is: require that motor torque is big, thus system bulk is big, weight is big, cost is high, otherwise car load low-speed dynamic (particularly, uphill starting performance) is the best, and such as uses the drive axle of big retarding ratio to solve this problem, and vehicle max. speed again will Receive restriction;Motor running rotating speed and vehicle running speed one_to_one corresponding, unadjustable, electric drive efficiency is difficult to optimize;? In vehicle travel process, it is impossible to realize the speed governing optimal control to electromotor, the limited potential that system effectiveness improves;Driving torque Limited and make vehicle traction scarce capacity, it is difficult to meet the use requirement of different geographical, make this system be primarily adapted for use in city car ?.
Summary of the invention
For defect of the prior art, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of double synchronizer clutch and planetary gear coupling Double-motor power system, its have the more preferable technology inheritance with existing vehicle and car load dynamic property, fuel economy and The feature of low emission, has stepless shift function etc., has and adapts to full region, the feature of multipurpose application requirement, solves existing Similar technique driving force deficiency, uphill starting scarce capacity, application limitation is big, system bulk is big and cost is high, energy consumption is the highest Etc. problem, it is achieved that high-performance, low cost, strong adaptability, be prone to scale industrialization realize combination.
According to an aspect of the present invention, it is provided that a kind of double synchronizer clutch, it is characterised in that include peripheral hardware in radially The inter-sync device put and external synchronizer, the first splined hub of external synchronizer, the second splined hub mechanical connection of inter-sync device are one The spline hub of body structure, spline hub is provided with passage, the combined cover of inter-sync device is provided with axial projection and wears The passage crossed on spline hub is connected with the shifting fork annular of inter-sync device, and the operating mechanism of inter-sync device is dialled with inter-sync device Fork annular groove is flexibly connected, and the operating mechanism of external synchronizer is flexibly connected with the combined cover of external synchronizer, the combination tooth of inter-sync device Circle is connected with the first input/output terminal, and combination gear ring and second input/output terminal of external synchronizer are connected, spline hub It is connected with the 3rd input/output end.
Preferably, inter-sync device and/or the external synchronizer of described double synchronizer clutch is constant load synchronizer or inertia-type Lock unit or boosting-type lock unit, the operating mechanism of inter-sync device and the operating mechanism of external synchronizer are stand alone type or coordinated type, These two operating mechanisms use manually or electric-liquid controls or gas-electric control or be controlled by electricity fully or hydraulic control or air pressure control.
The present invention also provides for a kind of planetary gear coupling double-motor power system, it is characterised in that described planetary gear coupling Close double-motor power system include the first motor, first planet gear train, the second motor, the second epicyclic train, double synchronization from Clutch, energy storage device and motor control assembly, first planet gear train includes the first ring gear, the first row carrier, first sun Wheel, the second epicyclic train includes the second ring gear, the second planet carrier, the second sun gear, the rotor of the first motor and the first row First ring gear of star gear train is connected, the rotor of the second motor respectively with the first sun gear of first planet gear train, Second sun gear of two epicyclic trains is connected, and the second ring gear of the second epicyclic train is connected with housing and keeps solid Fixed motionless, the combination gear ring of the inter-sync device of double synchronizer clutch is connected with the planet carrier of first planet gear train, double synchronizations The combination gear ring of the external synchronizer of clutch and the second planet carrier of the second epicyclic train are connected and realize first planet tooth The first row carrier of train, the second epicyclic train the second planet carrier to the 3rd input/output end of double synchronizer clutch Power transmission controls, and the input of motor control assembly is connected with energy storage device and carries out electric energy transmission, motor control assembly Outfan be connected with the first motor, the second motor respectively and export control instruction.
Preferably, described planetary gear coupling double-motor power system also includes electromotor and clutch, the song of electromotor Axle outfan is connected with the input of clutch, and the rotor of the first motor is also connected with the outfan of clutch.
Preferably, described planetary gear coupling double-motor power system also includes brake lock device, brake lock device One end be connected with the sun gear of first planet gear train, the other end of brake lock device is connected with housing.
Preferably, the crankshaft output end of described electromotor is provided with starter motor, this starter motor by with crankshaft output end The gear ring that starts connected is connected with the crankshaft output end of electromotor and realizes starting under the system failure, low temperature specified conditions sending out Motivation.
Preferably, described planetary gear coupling double-motor power system is provided with hybrid power system ECU, for right Described electromotor, described motor control assembly, described energy storage device, described clutch, described double synchronizer clutch, described braking Locking system coordinate control and full-vehicle control, energy management, regenerative braking or slide, fault diagnosis, faults-tolerant control, number According to management communication, demarcate monitoring;This hybrid power system ECU be independently arranged or its function be integrated into described system or Other of vehicle controls in device.
Preferably, described planetary gear coupling double-motor power system is provided with pure electric drive ECU, for described Motor control assembly, described energy storage device, described double synchronizer clutch, described brake lock device coordinate and control and whole Car control, energy management, regenerative braking or slide, fault diagnosis, faults-tolerant control, data management communication, demarcate monitoring;This pure electricity ECU is driven to be independently arranged or its function be integrated in other control device of described system or vehicle.
Preferably, described first planet gear train, the second epicyclic train are all to have three power to transmit the single of ends Epicyclic train, multiple rows of coupling epicyclic train or comprise the Planetary Gear Transmission set composite of epicyclic train and driving-chain; Or, described motor control assembly comprises the first drive and control of electric machine function and the second drive and control of electric machine function, and is integrated Change structure or split type absolute construction;Or, described energy storage device is power accumulator, super capacitor, flying wheel battery, power storage The composite power source of battery and super capacitor or be provided with the energy storage power device of external charge device.
Preferably, described energy storage device is power accumulator, super capacitor, flying wheel battery, power accumulator and super electricity The composite power source held or the energy storage power device being provided with external charge device.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has a following beneficial effect:
(1) present invention eliminates variator, it is achieved that infinitely variable speeds, structure are tightly played, are prone to modularized design, are improved it Car load carry property, improve the comfortableness of driving and reduce driver's labor intensity.
(2) under any speed, control double synchronizer clutch and realize the row of the second rotor and first planet gear train Carrier power transmission, by the speed regulating control to the second motor, electromotor can be realized, the first motor be operated in optimizer system effect The rotating speed point of rate, it is achieved control the infinitely variable speeds of electromotor or the first motor, will significantly improve system combination drive, pure electricity drives Efficiency time dynamic.
(3) wide accommodation.The present invention increases square, double electricity by the second epicyclic train to the deceleration of the second motor dexterously The planet carrier of the pure electric drive mode of machine infinitely variable speeds, the planet carrier of the second epicyclic train and first planet gear train is poor with deceleration The power transmission of speed variator controls, the brake lock of the sun gear of first planet geared system connects control, it is achieved that motor is little Type high speed, assembly miniaturization, infinitely variable speeds, also can realize the direct drive pattern of electromotor to realize the functions such as limp-home, Reduce the driving torque requirement to motor, make system weight, size, cost significantly reduce, electric efficiency, power density, Fault-tolerant ability significantly improves.While having reached the dynamic property that fuel combustion vehicle is suitable, require but can reduce to motor torque More than 50%, and vehicle traction torque request can be met, thus vehicle based on present system is to different geographical environments and road Travel permit part (e.g., urban road, intercity road vehicle, highway) is the most applicable.
(4) being prone to industrialization realize, the high-power big torque request of the present invention the second motor is greatly lowered, based on existing The ripe parts such as the shifter of vehicle, clutch, travelling gear and mode of operation thereof, thus reduce development difficulty, easily Realize in industrialization.
(5) high reliability, low cost.Use controlled automatic clutch device, reduce clutch and combine and the frequency separated, And achieve the little slippage of clutch or combine without slippage, farthest avoid the wear damage of clutch, reduce and safeguard into This.It addition, attainable series hybrid operational mode, reduce the high-power service requirement to energy storage device, owing to energy storage fills Putting in hybrid power system and pure power drive system is fault rate and the highest parts of cost ratio, reduces the most further System cost and maintenance cost.Use clutch, it is thus also avoided that drive system is unfavorable to the twisting vibration of engine shaft system Impact, it also avoid the engine radiating adverse effect to the first motor.By arranging starter motor, can drive at low temperature and electricity Dynamic system fault conditions provides a standby starting approach for electromotor, can avoid the low temperature service failure of energy storage device.Logical Cross infinitely variable speeds, it is possible to decrease motor speed, improve the reliability of motor while optimizing electric efficiency, extend its life-span.
(6) hybrid power and pure electric drive platform altogether.Power drive system of the present invention can be applied as pure power drive system, collection It is hybrid power system after becoming electromotor and clutch.This hybrid power system also can conveniently be modified to novel series connection and Connection stepless speed-changing hybrid driving system, and plug-in multimode stepless speed-changing series-parallel connection, plug-in series connection, plug-in are double The hybrid electric drive systems such as mould infinitely variable speeds is in parallel.As pure power-driven power system, its stepless shift function is remarkably improved Pure electric drive efficiency, significantly improve pure electrically driven vehicles dynamic property.
(7) compared with the most famous like product, fractional energy savings is higher, the ratio of performance to price is higher, has more the market competition Advantage, be easier to industrialization realize.It is pure that the system of the present invention has single pure electric drive of motor infinitely variable speeds, bi-motor infinitely variable speeds Four kinds of drive patterns such as the driving of electric drive, series hybrid and series-parallel connection infinitely variable speeds combination drive, by the first motor and second The control of motor running speed and the distribution of torque, improve the drive efficiency of system, braking energy regeneration efficiency, it is achieved that mixed Close whole operational modes of dynamical system, it is achieved that the pure electric drive mode of multimode stepless speed-changing, be applicable to various road conditions, difference Region, Schema control is more more flexible than existing technology, make the motor vehicle driven by mixed power of the application present invention, pure electro-motive vehicle dynamic Power, energy economy and noxious emission have reached comprehensive optimal, are significantly better than train, parallel system and existing series-parallel connection System and existing single motor or the pure power drive system of Double-motor direct drive.
(8) rate of economizing gasoline of the motor vehicle driven by mixed power of the application present invention is up to more than 45%, relative to series connection and mixing in parallel Dynamical system, rate of economizing gasoline can improve 25% and 20% respectively, relative to based on Toyota of Japan and the row of General Motors Overseas Corporation Star gear mechanism hybrid power system configuration, rate of economizing gasoline can improve about 3~5%, and dynamic property and driving ride comfort are better than existing combustion Oil vehicle, driver's labor intensity significantly reduce, and the ratio of performance to price is higher than prior art 30%.Stepless due to present system Speed change feature, the hybrid power system of the present invention can be used for the city vehicle of different geographical, also will have long-distance vehicle The rate of economizing gasoline of more than 20%.
Accompanying drawing explanation
By the detailed description non-limiting example made with reference to the following drawings of reading, the further feature of the present invention, Purpose and advantage will become more apparent upon:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of double synchronizer clutch of the present invention (embodiment one, double synchronizer clutch).
Fig. 2 is that planetary gear of the present invention couples double-motor power system (embodiment two, the four line stepless changes of star gear coupling Speed series-parallel hybrid electric system) structural representation.
Fig. 3 is the external electrical connection diagram of the hybrid power system ECU of the embodiment of the present invention two.
Fig. 4 is the block diagram of the hybrid power system ECU of the embodiment of the present invention two.
Fig. 5 is the hybrid power system control flow chart of the embodiment of the present invention two.
Fig. 6 is that planetary gear of the present invention couples double-motor power system (embodiment three, the five line stepless changes of star gear coupling Speed series-parallel hybrid electric system) structural representation.
Fig. 7 is planetary gear of the present invention coupling double-motor power system (embodiment four, bimodulus planetary gear coupling bi-motor Dynamical system) structural representation.
Fig. 8 is that planetary gear of the present invention couples double-motor power system (embodiment five, three line star gear coupling bi-motors Dynamical system) structural representation.
In Fig. 5, SOC is energy storage device state-of-charge, and SOCeL is pure electrically driven (operated) SOC lower limit, and TbatL is energy-storage system The operating temperature lower limit required, TorqH is the vehicle demand torque lower limit of single pure electric drive mode of motor, and Vm1H is that single motor is pure The speed upper limit of electric drive mode, SOCLL is the limit value that energy-storage system SOC is extremely low, and Time_i is continuing of present mode of operation Time, Time_min is the minimum interval of pattern switching, and EFFe1, EFFe2, EFFs, EFFf are respectively system as by single electricity The system effectiveness that the pure electric drive mode of machine, the pure electric drive mode of bi-motor, series drive mode, series-parallel connection drive pattern are estimated.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention is described in detail.Following example will assist in the technology of this area Personnel are further appreciated by the present invention, but limit the present invention the most in any form.It should be pointed out that, the ordinary skill to this area For personnel, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, it is also possible to make some deformation and improvement.These broadly fall into the present invention Protection domain.
Embodiment one
As it is shown in figure 1, one double synchronizer clutch 7 (embodiment one) of the present invention includes that radially inside and outside two sets arranged are same Step device (inter-sync device and external synchronizer), the first splined hub 74 of external synchronizer, the second splined hub 77 machinery of inter-sync device connect Connect the spline hub 79 being integrated, spline hub 79 is provided with passage 75, the combined cover 71 of inter-sync device is arranged Axial projection the passage 75 on spline hub 79 is had to be connected with the shifting fork annular 76 of inter-sync device, the behaviour of inter-sync device Make mechanism 714 to be flexibly connected with the shifting fork annular 76 of inter-sync device, the operating mechanism 713 of external synchronizer and the combination of external synchronizer Set 73 flexible connection, the combination gear ring 710 of inter-sync device is connected with the first input/output terminal 712, the combination tooth of external synchronizer Circle 72 is connected with the second input/output terminal 711, and spline hub 79 is connected with the 3rd input/output end 78.
Wherein, the inter-sync device of described double synchronizer clutch 7 and external synchronizer all constant load synchronizers or inertia-type synchronize Device or boosting-type lock unit, the operating mechanism of inter-sync device and the operating mechanism of external synchronizer are stand alone type, these two operation machines Structure uses manually or electric-liquid controls or gas-electric control or be controlled by electricity fully or hydraulic control or air pressure control.
The operation principle of the double synchronizer clutch 7 of the present embodiment one is as follows:
By external synchronizer operating mechanism by the combined cover 73 of external synchronizer to the direction of the combination gear ring 72 of external synchronizer Mobile, make the combination gear ring 72 of external synchronizer combine with spline hub 79 and two-way power transmission can be carried out, now, outer same Step device is in a grade state;
By external synchronizer operating mechanism, the combined cover 73 of external synchronizer is moved to the direction of spline hub 79, make outer same The combination gear ring 72 of step device and spline hub 79 are separated and can not carry out the power transmission in any direction, now, external synchronizer It is in neutral state;
By inter-sync device operating mechanism by the side of the combination gear ring 710 of the inside lock unit of shifting fork annular 76 of inter-sync device To movement, make the combination gear ring 710 of inter-sync device combine with spline hub 79 and two-way power transmission can be carried out, now, Inter-sync device is in a grade state;
By inter-sync device operating mechanism, inter-sync device shifting fork annular 76 is moved to the direction of spline hub 79, make interior same The combination gear ring 710 of step device and spline hub 79 are separated and can not carry out the power transmission in any direction, now, inter-sync device It is in neutral position state;
Due to the combined cover 71 of inter-sync device be connected by spline with its second splined hub 77, the combined cover 73 of external synchronizer It is connected by spline, therefore with its first splined hub 74: the combined cover 71 of inter-sync device, the combined cover 73 of external synchronizer and spline The rotating speed of hub 79 is identical, inter-sync device shifting fork annular 76, the operation of combined cover 73 of external synchronizer control non-interference, can be with Time on-demand carry out;When inter-sync device, external synchronizer are in shelves state, spline hub 79, the combination gear ring of inter-sync device 710, the combination gear ring 72 of external synchronizer is combined into an entirety;When inter-sync device, external synchronizer are in neutral state, flower Key hub 79, the combination gear ring 710 of inter-sync device, external synchronizer combination gear ring 72 all can free-running;At inter-sync device, outward Lock unit only has one when being in grade state, spline hub 79 only with the combination gear ring of the inter-sync device being in grade state 710 combine.
Embodiment two
As in figure 2 it is shown, and referring to Fig. 1, the present invention four line star gear coupling infinitely variable series parallel type hybrid power system (embodiment two) including: electromotor 1, clutch the 2, first motor 3, first planet gear train the 4, second motor the 5, second planet tooth Double synchronizer clutch 7, deceleration differential 8, energy storage device 11 and motor control assembly 12 described in train 6, embodiment one, its In, first planet gear train includes the first ring gear, the first row carrier, the first sun gear, and the second epicyclic train includes second Ring gear, the second planet carrier, the second sun gear, the crankshaft output end of electromotor 1 is connected with the input of clutch 2, and first The first rotor 31 of motor 3 is connected with the outfan of clutch 2 and the first ring gear 41 of first planet gear train 4 respectively, Second rotor 51 of the second motor 5 respectively with the of first sun gear the 43, second epicyclic train 6 of first planet gear train 4 Two sun gears 63 are connected, and the second ring gear 61 of the second epicyclic train 6 is connected with housing and remains stationary, double same The combination gear ring 710 of inter-sync device of step clutch 7 is connected with the first row carrier 42 of first planet gear train 4, outer synchronization The combination gear ring 72 of device is connected with the second planet carrier 62 of the second epicyclic train 6 and realizes the of first planet gear train 4 Second planet carrier 62 of one planet carrier the 42, second epicyclic train 6 is to the power transmission of the spline hub 79 of double synchronizer clutch 7 Controlling, the spline hub 79 of double synchronizer clutch 7 is connected with the input of deceleration differential 8, the outfan of deceleration differential 8 Being connected by two semiaxis 9 with two wheels 10, the input of motor control assembly 12 is connected with energy storage device 11 and goes forward side by side Row electric energy transmits, and the outfan of motor control assembly 12 is connected with first motor the 3, second motor 5 and exports control respectively and refers to Order.
Wherein, described clutch 2 is automatically controlled dry clutch.Described first planet gear train the 4, second epicyclic train 6 It is all to there are three the power transmission single epicyclic train of end, multiple rows of coupling epicyclic trains or comprise epicyclic train and biography The Planetary Gear Transmission set composite of dynamic chain.Described energy storage device 11 is power accumulator, super capacitor, flying wheel battery, power The composite power source of accumulator and super capacitor or be provided with the energy storage power device of external charge device.The bent axle of described electromotor 1 Outfan is provided with starter motor 13, and this starter motor starts gear ring and the bent axle of electromotor 1 by be connected with crankshaft output end Outfan is connected and realizes starting electromotor 1 under the specified conditions such as the system failure, low temperature.Described motor control assembly 12 wraps Containing the first drive and control of electric machine function and the second drive and control of electric machine function, and it is integrated or split type absolute construction, Also can comprise such as other control function such as DC/DC, electric powered steering, automatically controlled air-conditioning.Described four line star gear coupling infinitely variable speeds Series-parallel hybrid electric system is provided with hybrid power system ECU.With reference to Fig. 3, this hybrid power system ECU with Ignition key switch, 12V/24V accessory power supply, accelerator pedal, brake pedal, gear change hand lever, vehicle speed sensor, described electromotor 1, described motor control assembly 12, described energy storage device 11, described clutch 2, described double synchronizer clutch 7 and vehicle configuration Accessory system such as DC/DC, charger, electric power steering, electric air-conditioning system, abs braking system, motor heat management system Deng electrical connection, this hybrid power system ECU is for described electromotor, described motor control assembly, described energy storage dress Put, described clutch, described double synchronizer clutch, described brake lock device coordinate control and full-vehicle control, energy Management, regenerative braking or slide, fault diagnosis, faults-tolerant control, data management communication, demarcate monitoring.With reference to Fig. 4, this mixing is moved Force system ECU includes that power supply process, signal input processing, diagnosis protection, communication interface, output signal process amplification, fortune The circuit such as calculation and storage, and for described electromotor 1, described motor control assembly 12, described energy storage device 11, described clutch Device 2, described double synchronizer clutch 7 coordinate control and full-vehicle control, energy management, regenerative braking or slide, fault is examined Disconnected, faults-tolerant control, data management communication, demarcating the software of monitoring etc., this hybrid power system ECU is independently arranged, or will Its function is integrated in other control device of described system or vehicle.
The work process of the present embodiment and operation principle be:
(1) system parameter setting: the power of electromotor 1, the first motor 3 power >=running conditions of vehicle needed for average Power.Power needed for the power >=running conditions of vehicle of the second motor 5.The peak torque of the first motor 3 >=starting electromotor 1 The torque required, the peak torque of the second motor 5 × (number of teeth of the ring gear 61 of 1+ the second epicyclic train 6/its sun gear 63 The number of teeth) torque capacity of >=power performance index request.The peak power of power >=the first motor 3 of energy storage device 11+ The peak power of the second motor 5.
(2) stepless speed regulation principle: according between ring gear 41, sun gear 43 and the planet carrier 42 of first planet gear train 4 Rotation speed relation formula, under arbitrary speed (rotating speed of the input of corresponding arbitrary deceleration differential 8), by controlling second The rotating speed of motor 5, can be by the rotational speed regulation of the ring gear 41 of first planet gear train 4 at any desired rotating speed.Work as clutch Device 2 in an ON state time, the rotating speed of the ring gear 41 of first planet gear train 4 i.e. the rotating speed of electromotor 1.So, Arbitrarily under speed, electromotor 1 can be realized stepless speed regulation by controlling the rotating speed of the second motor 5 so that it is under optimum speed Run, it is achieved the optimization of the oil-saving discharging-reducing of electromotor 1.
(3) planetary gear coupling infinitely variable speeds four mould operation logic:
(31) single motor electric-only mode is as follows: controls electromotor 1 and is in stopped status, controls clutch 2 and is in separation State, controls the combined cover 73 of external synchronizer of double synchronizer clutch 7, inter-sync device shifting fork annular 76, makes double synchronizer clutch 7 External synchronizer be in a grade state, after inter-sync device is in neutral position state, the planet carrier 42 of first planet gear train 4 be in from By idling conditions, the second motor 5 is by carrying out power transmission between the second epicyclic train 6 and the input of deceleration differential 8.
(32) bi-motor electric-only mode is as follows: controls electromotor 1 and is in stopped status, controls clutch 2 and is in separation State, controls clutch 2 and is off, and the control combined cover 73 of external synchronizer of double synchronizer clutch 7, inter-sync device are dialled Fork annular groove 76, makes the external synchronizer of double synchronizer clutch 7 be in neutral state, after inter-sync device is in gear state, the second row The planet carrier 62 of star gear train 6 freely dallies, due to first planet gear train 4 planet carrier 42 with in double synchronizer clutch 7 The combination gear ring 710 of lock unit is connected, and therefore the first motor 3 carries out power transmission with the gear ring 41 of first planet gear train 4, Second motor 5 carries out power transmission with the sun gear 43 of first planet gear train 4, is coupled to planet through first planet gear train 4 The planet carrier 42 of gear train 4, and then carry out power through the inter-sync device of double synchronizer clutch 7 and the input of deceleration differential 8 Transmission.
(33) series hybrid drive pattern is as follows: controls electromotor 1 and is in running status, controls clutch 2 and is in combination State, controls double synchronizer clutch 7 to state during above-mentioned single motor electric-only mode, and the second motor 5 is carried out electronic/send out Power mode controls, and carries out power transmission and by generating mould between first motor 3 crankshaft output end by clutch 2 and electromotor 1 Formula is run.Under this pattern, between electromotor and wheel, there is no machine driving.
(34) series-parallel connection combination drive pattern is as follows: controls electromotor 1 and is in running status, controls clutch 2 and is in combination State, controls double synchronizer clutch 7 to state during bi-motor electric-only mode, electromotor the 1, first motor 3 and first planet The gear ring 41 of gear train 4 carries out power transmission, and the second motor 5 carries out power transmission with the sun gear 43 of first planet gear train 4 And electromotor 1 is carried out stepless speed regulation, make electromotor the 1, first motor 3 and the second motor 5 in system energy consumption discharge optimum fortune OK.According to the first motor 3 and running status of the second motor 5, single motor parallel drive pattern, bi-motor also can be realized further Parallel drive pattern, the subpattern such as series-parallel connection drive pattern of another motor powered of electric power generation.Under this pattern, electromotor with Machine driving can be carried out between wheel.
(4) first motor the 3, second motors 5 carry out electric energy by circuit and motor control assembly 12, energy storage device 11 respectively Transmission.The electric energy needed when first motor 3 is run by electronic mode is provided by energy storage device 11, sends when running by generation mode Electric energy by energy storage device 11 or/and the second motor 5 receives.The electric energy needed when second motor 5 is run by electronic mode is by storing up Can device 11 or/and the first motor 3 provides, the electric energy sent when running by generation mode also by energy storage device 11 or/and second Motor 3 receives.
(5) in whole power transmission between power part and wheel 10 such as electromotor the 1, first motor the 3, second motors 5 In chain, cancel variator and the retarder of existing internal-combustion engines vehicle, real stepless speed regulation can be realized.I.e., not only pure electronic Achieve infinitely variable speeds under pattern and tandem drive, and under series-parallel connection drive pattern, also achieve the stepless change to electromotor 1 Speed.
(6) electromotor 1 can by the work of the two ways such as shutdown, operation, the first motor 3 can by shutting down/dally, generate electricity, electricity Moving and wait three kinds of modes to work, the second motor 5 also can work by three kinds of modes such as shutting down/dally, generate electricity, be electronic, and clutch 2 can be pressed In conjunction with two ways work such as, separation, double synchronizer clutch 7 has three kinds of location status to select the second epicyclic train 6 The planet carrier 42 of planet carrier 62 or first planet gear train 4 and deceleration differential 8 carry out power transmission or the most not with deceleration differential Device 8 carries out power transmission.With reference to Fig. 5, for the control flow of the present embodiment two.The operation mould of whole hybrid power system can be realized Formula: engine idle shutdown/fast starting, the pure electric drive of infinitely variable speeds list motor, the pure electric drive of infinitely variable speeds bi-motor, stepless Speed change tandem drive, infinitely variable speeds parallel drive, infinitely variable speeds driving charging combination drive, regenerative braking energy feedback, parking The operational mode of all hybrid power systems such as charging.
Embodiment three
As shown in Figure 6, five line star gear coupling infinitely variable series parallel type hybrid power system and the realities of the present embodiment three Executing example two essentially identical, its difference is: the five line star gear coupling infinitely variable series parallel type mixing of the present embodiment three Power-driven system, for realize the direct drive pattern of electromotor 1 further, also includes brake lock device 14, brake lock device 14 for the control sun gear 43 of first planet gear train 4 being braked locking, brake lock releases, brake lock device One end of 14 is connected with the sun gear 43 of epicyclic train 4, and the other end is connected with housing.Arrange in the present embodiment three is mixed Close dynamical system ECU, on the basis of hybrid power system ECU described in embodiment two, increase described braking The functions such as the hardware circuit of locking system 14, coordination control, fault diagnosis, this hybrid power system ECU is independently arranged, Or its function is integrated in other control device of described system or vehicle.
The direct drive pattern of electromotor 1 realize principle: when the first motor 3 or/and the second motor 5 is or/and motor controls Device 12 or/and energy storage device 11 break down or/and electromotor be operated alone efficiency the highest time, be arranged in system is automatically controlled Unit controls brake lock device 14 and is in brake lock position, makes the first sun gear 43 of first planet gear train 4 be locked out Fixing.The inter-sync device controlling double synchronizer clutch 7 is in a grade state, external synchronizer is in neutral position state, according to planet tooth The operation principle of train, can realize following power transfer path: (1) power when clutch 2 is controlled in binding site passes Pass the first ring gear 41 He that path is electromotor 1 ←-→ clutch 2 ←-→ the first motor 3 ←-→ first planet gear train 4 Inter-sync device ←-→ deceleration differential 8 ←-→ wheel of the first row carrier 42 ←-→ double synchronizer clutch 7, thus realize sending out The direct drive pattern of motivation 1;(2) power transfer path when clutch 2 is controlled in separation point position be the first motor 3 ←- First ring gear 41 of → first planet gear train 4 and the inter-sync device of the first row carrier 42 ←-→ double synchronizer clutch 7 ←- → deceleration differential 8 ←-→ wheel 10, thus realize the first motor 3 and pattern is operated alone.
Other parts connection, work process, system running pattern and Baseline Control Strategy is with embodiment two, at this no longer Repeat.
Embodiment four
As it is shown in fig. 7, the bimodulus planetary gear coupling double-motor power system of the present embodiment four is by cancelling example two In electromotor 1, clutch 2 and clutch 2 and the first motor 3 between connection realize.There is the list in embodiment two The pure electric drive mode of motor and the pure electric drive mode of bi-motor, it provides the benefit that: (1) avoids the second motor 5 long-time at a high speed Run, the reliability of system can be improved;(2) by coupling and the infinitely variable speeds of first planet gear train 4, the first motor can be realized 3 and the second operation aggregate efficiency optimization of motor 5;(3) due to the automatic switchover of different conditions of double synchronizer clutch 7, first Motor the 1, second motor 5 uses less torque, also can realize the dynamic property suitable with conventional car.The present embodiment four is provided with pure Electric drive ECU, compared with hybrid power system ECU described in embodiment two, eliminates and electromotor 1 and clutch Electrical connection, hardware circuit and the software function that device 2 is relevant, for described motor control assembly 12, described energy storage device 11, Described double synchronizer clutch 7 coordinate control and full-vehicle control, energy management, regenerative braking or slide, fault diagnosis, appearance Wrong control, data management communication, demarcation monitoring etc., this pure electric drive ECU can be independently arranged, also can be by integrated for its function In other control device of described system or vehicle.
Other parts connection, work process, system running pattern and Baseline Control Strategy is with embodiment two, at this no longer Repeat.
Embodiment five
As shown in Figure 8, the three line star gear coupling double-motor power systems of the present embodiment five are by cancelling example three In electromotor 1 and clutch 2 and clutch 2 and the first motor 3 between connection realize.There is the list in embodiment two The pure electric drive mode of motor and the pure electric drive mode of bi-motor, the first motor 3 also having in embodiment three is operated alone pattern, It provides the benefit that: on the basis of embodiment four, pattern is operated alone by realizing the first motor 3, can further improve and is The fault-tolerant ability of system, i.e. under the second motor 5 failure condition, vehicle still can be operated alone by the first motor 3.The present embodiment four sets It is equipped with pure electric drive ECU, compared with hybrid power system ECU described in embodiment three, eliminates and electromotor 1 With clutch 2 relevant electrical connection, hardware circuit and software function, it is used for described motor control assembly 12, described energy storage Device 11, described double synchronizer clutch 7, described brake lock device 14 coordinate control and full-vehicle control, energy management, Regenerative braking or slide, Charge Management, fault diagnosis, faults-tolerant control, data management communication, demarcate the software of monitoring etc., this is pure Electric drive ECU can be independently arranged, and also can its function be integrated in other control device of described system or vehicle.
Other parts connection, work process, system running pattern and Baseline Control Strategy is with embodiment three, at this no longer Repeat.
The present invention is applied to vehicle, has the more preferable technology inheritance with existing vehicle and car load dynamic property, fuel oil Economy and the feature of low emission, have stepless shift function, combined hybrid system function etc., have adaptation full region, multipurpose should By the feature required, solve that existing similar technique driving force deficiency, uphill starting scarce capacity, application limitation be big, system body Long-pending big and cost high, cannot realize being difficult to industrialization in batches to electromotor stepless speed regulation and because electromechanical component manufacture difficulty Problem, it is achieved that high-performance, low development cost, low system cost, strong adaptability, be prone to scale industrialization realize organic knot Close.The pure electric vehicle of the application present invention, relative to single motor or the pure electro-motive vehicle of Double-motor direct drive, power consumption can reduce More than 10%.The motor vehicle driven by mixed power of the application present invention, fuel oil consumption can reduce by more than 45%.
Above the specific embodiment of the present invention is described.It is to be appreciated that the invention is not limited in above-mentioned Particular implementation, those skilled in the art can make various deformation or amendment within the scope of the claims, this not shadow Ring the flesh and blood of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a double synchronizer clutch, it is characterised in that include the radially inside and outside inter-sync device arranged and external synchronizer, outer same Step the first splined hub of device, the second splined hub of inter-sync device are mechanically connected the spline hub being integrated, spline hub On be provided with passage, the combined cover of inter-sync device is provided with axial projection and through the passage on spline hub and inter-sync device Shifting fork annular be connected, the operating mechanism of inter-sync device is flexibly connected with the shifting fork annular of inter-sync device, the behaviour of external synchronizer Making mechanism to be flexibly connected with the combined cover of external synchronizer, combination gear ring and first input/output terminal of inter-sync device are connected, outward Combination gear ring and second input/output terminal of lock unit are connected, and spline hub and the 3rd input/output end are connected.
Double synchronizer clutch the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the inter-sync device of described double synchronizer clutch And/or external synchronizer is constant load synchronizer or inertial type of synchronizer or boosting-type lock unit, the operating mechanism of inter-sync device and The operating mechanism of external synchronizer is stand alone type or coordinated type, these two operating mechanisms use manually or electric-liquid controls or gas-and automatically controlled System or be controlled by electricity fully or hydraulic control or air pressure control.
3. a planetary gear coupling double-motor power system, it is characterised in that described planetary gear couples double-motor power system System include the first motor, first planet gear train, the second motor, the second epicyclic train, double synchronizer clutch, energy storage device and Motor control assembly, first planet gear train includes the first ring gear, the first row carrier, the first sun gear, the second planetary gear System includes the second ring gear, the second planet carrier, the second sun gear, in the rotor of the first motor and the first of first planet gear train Gear ring is connected, the rotor of the second motor respectively with the first sun gear of first planet gear train, the of the second epicyclic train Two sun gears are connected, and the second ring gear of the second epicyclic train is connected with housing and remains stationary, double synchronizations from The combination gear ring of the inter-sync device of clutch is connected with the planet carrier of first planet gear train, the external synchronizer of double synchronizer clutch Combination gear ring and the second planet carrier of the second epicyclic train be connected and realize the first row carrier of first planet gear train, Second planet carrier of the second epicyclic train transmits control, motor to the power of the 3rd input/output end of double synchronizer clutch The input controlling device is connected with energy storage device and carries out electric energy transmission, and the outfan of motor control assembly is respectively with first Motor, the second motor are connected and export control instruction.
Planetary gear the most according to claim 3 coupling double-motor power system, it is characterised in that described planetary gear coupling Closing double-motor power system and also include electromotor and clutch, the crankshaft output end of electromotor is connected with the input of clutch Connecing, the rotor of the first motor is also connected with the outfan of clutch.
Planetary gear the most according to claim 3 coupling double-motor power system, it is characterised in that described planetary gear coupling Close double-motor power system and also include the sun gear of brake lock device, one end of brake lock device and first planet gear train Being connected, the other end of brake lock device is connected with housing.
Planetary gear the most according to claim 3 coupling double-motor power system, it is characterised in that the song of described electromotor Axle outfan is provided with starter motor, and this starter motor is defeated by the bent axle starting gear ring and electromotor being connected with crankshaft output end Go out end be connected and realize starting electromotor under the system failure, low temperature specified conditions.
Planetary gear the most according to claim 3 coupling double-motor power system, it is characterised in that described planetary gear coupling Close double-motor power system and be provided with hybrid power system ECU, for described electromotor, described motor control assembly, institute State energy storage device, described clutch, described double synchronizer clutch, described brake lock device coordinate control and car load control System, energy management, regenerative braking or slide, fault diagnosis, faults-tolerant control, data management communication, demarcate monitoring;This hybrid power System electric-controlled unit is independently arranged or its function is integrated in other control device of described system or vehicle.
Planetary gear the most according to claim 3 coupling double-motor power system, it is characterised in that described planetary gear coupling Close double-motor power system and be provided with pure electric drive ECU, for described motor control assembly, described energy storage device, described Double synchronizer clutch, described brake lock device coordinate control and full-vehicle control, energy management, regenerative braking or cunning Row, fault diagnosis, faults-tolerant control, data management communication, demarcation monitoring;This pure electric drive ECU is independently arranged or by its merit Can be integrated in other control device of described system or vehicle.
Planetary gear the most according to claim 3 coupling double-motor power system, it is characterised in that described first planet tooth Train, the second epicyclic train are all to have three power the transmission single epicyclic train of end, multiple rows of coupling epicyclic trains Or comprise the Planetary Gear Transmission set composite of epicyclic train and driving-chain;Or, described motor control assembly comprises first Drive and control of electric machine function and the second drive and control of electric machine function, and be integrated or split type absolute construction;Or, institute State energy storage device to be power accumulator, super capacitor, flying wheel battery, the composite power source of power accumulator and super capacitor or be provided with The energy storage power device of external charge device.
Planetary gear the most according to claim 3 coupling double-motor power system, it is characterised in that described energy storage device For power accumulator, super capacitor, flying wheel battery, the composite power source of power accumulator and super capacitor or be provided with external charge dress The energy storage power device put.
CN201610729127.6A 2016-08-25 2016-08-25 Double-synchronous clutch and planetary gear coupling double-motor power system Active CN106274443B (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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FR3062761A1 (en) * 2017-02-09 2018-08-10 Valeo Equipements Electriques Moteur SPEED-ENHANCING CORRECTION FOR ROTATING ELECTRIC MACHINE
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CN112703122A (en) * 2018-11-08 2021-04-23 舍弗勒技术股份两合公司 Hybrid module and vehicle
CN112253744A (en) * 2019-10-12 2021-01-22 熵零技术逻辑工程院集团股份有限公司 Transmission mechanism and engine using same
CN110615109A (en) * 2019-10-15 2019-12-27 北京理工大学 Fault-tolerant control method for electromechanical compound transmission system of aircraft

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