CN106267935B - A kind of riser fiber filter cloth filter tank - Google Patents

A kind of riser fiber filter cloth filter tank Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106267935B
CN106267935B CN201610009358.XA CN201610009358A CN106267935B CN 106267935 B CN106267935 B CN 106267935B CN 201610009358 A CN201610009358 A CN 201610009358A CN 106267935 B CN106267935 B CN 106267935B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
filter
backwash
bed mud
branch pipe
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CN201610009358.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106267935A (en
Inventor
吴朝伟
孙刚范
刘道广
陈翼孙
黄永宽
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SHANGHAI TECHASE ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION CO Ltd
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SHANGHAI TECHASE ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION CO Ltd
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Priority to CN201610009358.XA priority Critical patent/CN106267935B/en
Publication of CN106267935A publication Critical patent/CN106267935A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D25/00Filters formed by clamping together several filtering elements or parts of such elements
    • B01D25/02Filters formed by clamping together several filtering elements or parts of such elements in which the elements are pre-formed independent filtering units, e.g. modular systems
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D25/00Filters formed by clamping together several filtering elements or parts of such elements
    • B01D25/003Filters formed by clamping together several filtering elements or parts of such elements integrally combined with devices for controlling the filtration
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D25/00Filters formed by clamping together several filtering elements or parts of such elements
    • B01D25/32Removal of the filter cakes
    • B01D25/325Removal of the filter cakes counter-current flushing, e.g. by air bumps
    • B01D25/327Removal of the filter cakes counter-current flushing, e.g. by air bumps with backwash shoes, with nozzles

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of riser fiber filter cloth filter tanks.It includes filter element, excessively water-bed plate, alignment component, collection water assembly, backwash manifold assemblies, driving device, suction pump installation;It crosses water-bed plate and is mounted on lower part in pond body;Multiple rows of multiple row filter element was vertically installed on water-bed plate;Alignment component, which is mounted on same row's filter element, to be made to be located along the same line with row's filter element;Collecting water assembly includes backwash collector pipe and traveling wheel;Driving device is connected with collection water assembly, and driving device can drive the traveling wheel of collection water assembly to walk on alignment component;Backwashing manifold assemblies includes backwash branch pipe, inhales bed mud branch pipe, is connected by hose with collection water assembly;It backwashes branch pipe and wire scan-type backwash is carried out to filter element by mud-suction hole, backwashing pump, inhale bed mud branch pipe and be drawn through sludge on water-bed plate by inhaling bed mud horn mouth, inhaling bed mud pumping.The filter tank of the present invention is stable, is easy to overhaul, and spoil disposal is clean, saves occupied space.

Description

A kind of riser fiber filter cloth filter tank
Technical field
The invention belongs to water-treatment technology fields, are related to a kind of water treatment facilities, and more particularly to one kind can run filter tank Stablize, be easy to the riser fiber filter cloth filter tank overhauled, spoil disposal is clean.
Background technology
In recent years, with the raising of sewage drainage standard, water treatment technology is required higher and higher.And at existing raw water Phenomena such as science and engineering skill generally existing operation cost is high, complicated, and filter medium cleaning is difficult.Existing advanced treatment of wastewater work Skill generally existing filtering velocity is smaller, takes up a large area, and control is more complicated, and filtrate backwash is relatively difficult, and operation cost height etc. is asked Topic.
According to country《Urban wastewater treatment firm discharge standard》(18918-2002), it is desirable that Chinese effluent reaches level-one A etc. Grade, ss suspended solid need to carry out advanced treating.Advanced treating makes the technique of SS water outlets up to standard have turntable filter chamber, sand currently on the market Filter tank, V-type filter tank etc..These advanced treatment process generally existing operation costs are high, and filtrate cleaning is difficult, complicated, is not easy The problems such as maintenance.Such as:For turntable filter chamber according to equipment overall condition, construction civil engineering pond body is higher, need to have larger height with front and back end Path difference, rear end of the filter tank as a whole set of water treatment technology, on the basis of compared with low running cost, water treatment technology front end liquid level is high Spend it is more demanding, in the case that when building civil engineering, front end can not meet liquid level requirement, it is possible that second lift or There is underground or semi-underground pattern in pond body, and maintenance installation or civil engineering are more complicated, heavy.
In recent years, riser fiber filter cloth filter tank because its with the loss of flood peak it is small, be not easy to plug, filter material replacement is convenient, energy consumption Low, the advantages that floor space is small and be used widely.Riser fiber filter cloth filter tank generally comprises that be vertically installed at pond in vivo Riser fiber filter cloth, suction pump installation, mobile crane device and following vehicle device move together, and can stretch into the filter of riser fiber The backwash manifold assemblies of wire scan-type backwash are carried out between cloth to riser fiber filter cloth;Wherein, mobile crane device bag Include driving device, Crane Rail and driving etc..The installation in riser fiber filter cloth filter tank, to the horizontal linear degree of Crane Rail installation It is it is required that and higher with respect to the depth of parallelism requirement of filter frame.And existing riser fiber filter cloth filter tank, in practical operation, often by It is larger in the construction deviation of live civil engineering structure, cause Crane Rail that cannot be mounted on horizontal linear or driving rail Road is mounted so as to not parallel with filter frame, and mobile crane device is caused to be unable to operate normally, it is normal to meet riser fiber filter cloth filter tank Stable operation is relatively difficult.In addition, the overall operation situation according to riser fiber filter cloth filter tank, it is desirable that riser fiber filter cloth filter tank It can not influence to overhaul, whole equipment long-term automatic can be run, and equipment failure rate is low, installation side when normal operation filters Just, the practical operation situation in existing riser fiber filter cloth filter tank is less such as people's will.In addition, existing riser fiber filter cloth filter Also there is the unclean problem of spoil disposal caused by design is not reasonable in pond.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the present invention to overcoming the deficiencies of the prior art and provide one kind can make that filter tank is stable, is easy to examine It repaiies, the riser fiber filter cloth filter tank that filter cloth is easy to clean, spoil disposal is clean.
The purpose of the present invention is what is be achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of riser fiber filter cloth filter tank, it includes raw water inlet, water purification water outlet, filter element, excessively water-bed plate, school Straight component, collection water assembly, backwash manifold assemblies, driving device;Further include and catchment component priority order connection suction pump installation, Sewage extraction pipe, sewer;It crosses water-bed plate and is mounted on lower part in pond body;Filter element was vertically installed on water-bed plate;Filtering Unit is multiple rows of multiple row;Each filter element by the square riser fiber filter cloth of positive and negative two panels board plug type assign into one it is square It is formed on filter frame, the square riser fiber filter cloth of positive and negative two panels board plug type and a square filter frame are enclosed in an inside Hollow structure;Square filter frame bottom is equipped with apopore;It crosses on water-bed plate and also is provided with apopore;Alignment component is drained through filter mounted on same On the top of the square filter frame of unit, it is located on the same line the filter element of same row;Collecting water assembly includes backwash collection Water pipe and traveling wheel, traveling wheel are located above alignment component;Driving device is connected with collection water assembly, and driving device, which can drive, catchments The traveling wheel of component is walked on alignment component;Backwash manifold assemblies are fixed on collection water assembly, can be with the component rows that catchment It walks;Backwashing manifold assemblies includes backwash branch pipe, and backwash branch pipe is connected by hose with collection water assembly;It backwashes on branch pipe Equipped with mud-suction hole, and mud-suction hole, close to filter cloth, backwash branch pipe sweeps filter element progress wire between can stretching into filter element Retouch formula backwash.
Further, backwash manifold assemblies further include the suction bed mud branch pipe being fixedly connected with backwash branch pipe, inhale bed mud Branch bottom of the tube, which is equipped with, inhales bed mud horn mouth, and collection water assembly further includes bed mud collector pipe, inhales bed mud branch pipe upper end and is fixed by the bracket On collection water assembly;Bed mud branch pipe is inhaled to connect with bed mud collector pipe by hose;Aspirating pump installation includes backwashing pump, inhales bed mud Pump;Backwashing pump and suction bed mud pump are mounted on collection water assembly;There are four traveling wheels;It is straightened component and is equipped with two square tubes;Four A traveling wheel is located above alignment two square tubes of component;Backwashing pump entrance is connected with backwash collector pipe, inhales bed mud pump intake It is connected with bed mud collector pipe;Sewage extraction pipe includes sewage pipe, sludge pipe;Sewage pipe is connected with backwashing pump outlet;Sludge pipe It is connected with inhaling bed mud pump discharge;Sewage pipe and sludge pipe outlet are located above sewer;Sewer lower part is equipped with outfall; The sludge that the sewage and sludge pipe that sewage pipe comes out come out can flow into sewer, be discharged from outfall.
Further, being straightened component includes square tube, alignment bar, supporting rod and adjustment bar;It is straightened quantity and the filtering of bar The number of rows of unit is identical;Square filter frame upper end is set there are two protrusion cylinder, and every alignment bar is the U-type groove steel of a root long item, U-shaped It is provided on channel steel and passes through aperture and protrusion cylindrical fit (general side with the matched aperture of protrusion cylinder on square filter frame, alignment bar In the aperture on protrusion cylinder insertion U-type groove steel on shape filter frame) it is located on the same line the filter element of same row;Its Two hollow square tubes are installed on the middle symmetrical alignment bar of outermost two, as traveling wheel running track and chain Box;Two supporting rods are located at alignment bar both ends, vertical with alignment bar, are fixedly connected with every alignment bar, and ensure alignment bar two-by-two The distance between;Adjustment bar is located at supporting rod both ends, for adjusting the verticality up and down of filter element.
Further, for one, slightly upwardly raised convex steel plate, excessively water-bed plate are equipped with several jacks, side to excessively water-bed plate Shape filter frame bottom is equipped with pin, and filter element was plugged on vertically on water-bed plate.
Further, driving device includes driving motor, driving wheel, vertical chain, sprocket shaft, two driving wheels, two A driven sprocket, two horizontal chains;Wherein, connected between driving wheel and a driving wheel by vertical chain, two actives By sprocket wheel axis connection between wheel, connected between driving wheel and driven sprocket by horizontal chain;Two horizontal chains are with catchmenting Component is fixedly connected;Two horizontal chains are passed through out of two hollow square tubes.
Further, backwash branch pipe and be fixed on by spring and inhale on bed mud branch pipe;Backwash branch pipe surrounding is equipped with Upper and lower closure plate and left and right board.
Further, entire filter tank is divided into the filtering ponds of forepart and the water purifying tank at rear portion by divider wall;Cross water-bed plate The lower part in filtering ponds pond body;Crossing water-bed plate makes water body in filtering ponds form two subregions up and down, raw water area and clean water area; The divider wall crossed below water-bed plate is connected equipped with water purification passage with water purifying tank;Weir plate is equipped in water purifying tank, weir plate rear portion is equipped with Water purification water outlet.
Further, collect water assembly and be equipped with travel switch;Filtering ponds pond body both sides are equipped with travel switch baffle.
Further, filtering ponds pond body is equipped with liquid level sensor, the liquid level sensor and driving device, backwashing pump It is chain with the control system of suction bed mud pump, driving device, backwashing pump and the start stop signal for inhaling bed mud pump are provided.
Further, be equipped with cable-pulling chain above filter tank, the control system in cable-pulling chain connection switch board with it is anti- Flushing pump and the electric part for inhaling bed mud pump.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
The riser fiber filter cloth filter tank of the present invention carries out global design according to existing filter cloth cellular construction, can eliminate existing Defect present in technology can make filter tank stable, be easy to overhaul, and filter cloth is easy to clean, and spoil disposal is clean, save and occupy sky Between.The riser fiber filter cloth filter tank is filtered water quality using filter element, intercepts the SS suspended matters in sewage, can make water outlet Reach the ss suspended solid concentration of first level A in standard.
The riser fiber filter cloth filter tank of the present invention has following features:
1st, the present invention sets alignment component (to be straightened the square filter that component is mounted on same row's filter element on filter element On the top of frame, it is located on the same line the filter element of same row), and by the use of alignment component as the operation of backwash mechanism Track makes filter element be fixed with backwash branch pipe relative position, can steadily be backwashed (backwash branch pipe and filter cloth Fitting forms wire scanning point-blank), make vertical sheet filter stable.Also, Inlet and outlet water liquid level is reduced, is reduced Overall pond is high, saves occupied space.
2nd, the present invention increases on the basis of backwash mechanism is provided with bed mud aspirating mechanism, and operationally smokable bottom sinks Deposition makes the present invention that can not only be backwashed to filter element 7 as a result, but can to the sludge on excessively water-bed plate 8 into Row bed mud aspirates, and makes filter tank spoil disposal cleaner.
3rd, the bed mud aspirating mechanism in the present invention and backwash mechanism share a set of drive system, take full advantage of power money Source saves equipment and electric power.
4th, the present invention drives sprocket wheel chain system using driving motor, and backwash mechanism is driven, and forms backwash Filter track route.By driving motor rotating, it can be achieved that carrying out repeatedly backwash back and forth to filter element.
5th, the collection water assembly in the present invention and backwash manifold assemblies do structure using pipeline, with backwashing pump and suction bed mud Pump is formed together from rinse-system.Backwash branch pipe is bonded to form wire scanning with filter element, makes filter cloth cleaning more convenient, clearly Wash cleaner.
6th, the used water-bed plate of the present invention and filter element form Inlet and outlet water isolated area, make the water purification after filtering cleaner.
7th, using branch pipe is backwashed to filter element progress wire scan-type backwash, when backwash, does not influence whole the present invention The normal filtration in a filter tank.
8th, the water inlet liquid level in the present invention is higher than riser fiber filter cloth, less than drive system, during whole filter tank normal filtration, Drive system, backwash mechanism etc. can be overhauled.
Compared with prior art, the present invention it also has the following advantages that:
1st, vertical sheet filter is stable.Whole equipment long-term automatic can be run, and equipment failure rate is low.
2nd, it is easy for installation, the influence that live civil engineering structure deviation is brought can be reduced to the greatest extent.
3rd, easy access during the normal operation of filter tank, can overhaul.
4th, cost is reduced, cost can be reduced by being run from structure design to equipment.
5th, compact in design, reduces Inlet and outlet water liquid level and overall pond is high, saves occupied space.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of main structure diagram in riser fiber filter cloth filter tank of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the left view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the main structure diagram for collecting water assembly 2 in the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the overlooking the structure diagram (i.e. the top view of Fig. 3) for collecting water assembly 2 in the present invention;
Fig. 5 is plus the structure diagram of six stents 409 on the basis of Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is the structure diagram that manifold assemblies 4 are backwashed in the present invention;
Fig. 7 is to backwash the structure that branch pipe 402 is installed together with side plate 406, closure plate 407, spring 408 in the present invention to show It is intended to;
Fig. 8 is the structure diagram of filter element 7 in the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the overlooking the structure diagram that 9 coupling part of component 6 and driving device is straightened in the present invention;
Figure 10 is the main structure diagram of driving device 9 in the present invention;
Figure 11 is filter element 7 and the left view structural representation of 9 coupling part of alignment component 6 and driving device in the present invention Figure.
In figure:1- raw water inlet 2- collection water assemblies 3- suction pump installation 4- backwash manifold assemblies 5- cable-pulling chains 6- alignment component 7- filter elements 8- bottom plate 9- driving device 10- weir plate 11- water purification water outlet 12- sewage excessively is discharged Mouth 13- deposition evacuation port 14- liquid level sensor 15- sewage pipe 16- sewer 17- water purification passage 18- divider walls 22- Travel switch baffle 23- bottoms deposition hole
A- raw waters area B- clean water areas C- filtering ponds D- water purifying tanks
201- backwash collector pipe 202- bed mud collector pipe 203- traveling wheel 301- backwashing pumps 302- inhales bed mud pump The interface that the interface 2042- that 2041- is connected with wired hose one is connected with wired hose two
One 402- of 401- wired hoses backwash branch pipes 403- inhales two 405- of bed mud branch pipe 404- wired hoses and inhales bottom Mud horn mouth 406- side plate 407- closure plate 408- spring 409- stents 601- adjustment bar 602- supporting rods 603- alignment bars The square filter frame 703- protrusions cylinder 901- driving motors of the square riser fiber filter cloth 702- of 604- square tube 701- board plug types The vertical one 906- driven sprocket 907- driving wheels two of chain 904- sprocket shafts 905- driving wheels of 902- driving wheels 903- 909- transverse directions chain one
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and examples, the present invention is further illustrated.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, a kind of riser fiber filter cloth filter tank of the present invention, it includes collection water assembly 2, backwash branch pipe group Part 4, alignment component 6, filter element 7, excessively water-bed plate 8, driving device 9, liquid level sensor 14, further include suitable with collection water assembly 2 Suction pump installation 3, sewage extraction pipe, the sewer 16 of sequence connection;Entire filter tank is divided into the filtering ponds C of forepart by divider wall 18 With the water purifying tank D at rear portion;Filtering ponds C front ends set raw water inlet 1;It crosses water-bed plate 8 and is mounted on lower part in filtering ponds C pond bodies, make Water body forms two subregions up and down, raw water area A and clean water area B in filtering ponds C;Several filter elements 7 were vertically installed at water On bottom plate 8;Several filter elements line up multiple rows of multiple row.As shown in figure 8, a filter element 7 is by positive and negative two panels board plug type Square riser fiber filter cloth 701 is assigned on a square filter frame 702 and formed, the square riser fiber of positive and negative two panels board plug type Filter cloth 701 and a square filter frame 702 enclose the hollow structure of an inside.It is slightly upwardly raised convex for one to cross water-bed plate 8 Shape steel plate, excessively water-bed plate 8 are equipped with several jacks, and square 702 bottom of filter frame is equipped with pin, thus inserts filter element 7 vertically It was connected on water-bed plate 8.Square 702 bottom of filter frame is equipped with apopore, and apopore also is provided on excessively water-bed plate 8.It crosses under water-bed plate 8 The divider wall in face is connected equipped with water purification passage 17 with water purifying tank D;Weir plate 10 is equipped in water purifying tank D, 10 rear portion of weir plate is equipped with net Water water outlet 11;The position for being less than water-bed plate in filtering ponds is equipped with bottom deposition hole 23, and bottom deposition is cheated 23 lower parts and is equipped with Deposition evacuation port 13.It is on same row's filter element 7 and parallel with filter element to be straightened component 6, and makes the mistake of same row Filter unit is located on the same line.Driving device 9 is connected with collection water assembly 2, and driving device 9 can drive collection water assembly 2 in school It is run on straight component 6.Manifold assemblies 4 are backwashed to be mounted on collection water assembly 2;Pump installation 3 is aspirated (including 301 He of backwashing pump Bed mud pump is inhaled 302) to be mounted on collection water assembly 2;Sewage extraction pipe includes sewage pipe 15, sludge pipe (is located at suction bed mud pump 302 to go out Mouthful, in fig. 2 behind sewage pipe 15, it has been blocked invisible);Sewage pipe 15 is connected with the outlet of backwashing pump 301;It is dirty Mud pipe is connected with inhaling 302 outlet of bed mud pump;Sewage pipe and sludge pipe outlet are located at 16 top of sewer;Sewer lower part is equipped with dirt Water outlet 12;The sludge that the sewage and sludge pipe that sewage pipe comes out come out can flow into sewer 16, from 12 row of outfall Go out.
As shown in figure 3, collection water assembly 2 includes a backwash collector pipe 201, a foundation mud collector pipe 202 and four rows Walk wheel 203;301 entrance of backwashing pump is connected with backwash collector pipe 201, is inhaled bed mud 302 entrances of pump and is connected with bed mud collector pipe 202 It connects.As shown in figure 4, backwash collector pipe 201 is equipped with several interfaces 2041 being connected with wired hose one, that is, several Backwash branch pipe 402 is connected respectively by several wired hoses one with backwash collector pipe 201;It is set on bed mud collector pipe 202 There are several interfaces 2042 being connected with wired hose two, that is, several are inhaled bed mud branch pipe 403 and pass through several steel wires respectively Hose two and backwash collector pipe 201.
As shown in fig. 6, backwash manifold assemblies 4 include the backwash branch pipe 402 being connected with each other, wired hose 1, also Suction bed mud branch pipe 403, wired hose 2 404 including interconnection;It inhales 403 bottom of bed mud branch pipe and is equipped with and inhale bed mud horn mouth 405;403 upper end of bed mud branch pipe is inhaled to be fixed on collection water assembly 2 by stent 409;It backwashes branch pipe 402 and is equipped with several suction mud Hole.Backwash branch pipe 402 is fixed on by each two springs 408 up and down to be inhaled on bed mud branch pipe 403.
As shown in fig. 7, one is inhaled bed mud branch pipe 403 and is correspondingly arranged on two backwash branch pipes 402;Every backwash branch pipe 402 are fixed on by four springs 408 on suction bed mud branch pipe 403;The mud-suction hole on branch pipe 402 is backwashed close to filter cloth;Recoil It washes 402 surrounding of branch pipe and upper and lower closure plate 407 and left and right board 406 is installed, make side plate and closure plate tight using the pressure of spring 408 Filter cloth is pasted, a cabin is thus formed between backwash branch pipe 402 and filter cloth, when backwashing pump 301 works, water passes through anti- The aperture (mud-suction hole) rinsed on branch pipe 402 is taken away, because side plate and closure plate obstruct, water can only be taken out cabin surrounding inside filter cloth Go out, achieve the purpose that rinse the sludge on filter cloth.
As shown in Fig. 9, Figure 11, alignment component is made of square tube 604, alignment bar 603, supporting rod 602 and adjustment bar 601; It is on filter element 7 and parallel with filter element 7 to be straightened bar 603, is made by being straightened bar with row's filter element (including filter frame And filter cloth) be on same straight line;The quantity for being straightened bar 603 is identical with the number of rows of filter element;Square 702 upper end of filter frame is set There are two protrusion cylinder 703, every alignment bar 603 is the U-type groove steel of a root long item, be provided on U-type groove steel on square filter frame 703 matched aperture of protrusion cylinder, alignment bar by aperture with protrusion cylindrical fit (by the protrusion cylinder on square filter frame In aperture on 703 insertion U-type groove steel) filter element of same row is located on the same line, thus play the work of alignment With;Two hollow square tubes 604 wherein are mounted on the symmetrical alignment bar of outermost two, as traveling wheel running track It is used (horizontal chain 1, horizontal chain two are passed through out of two hollow square tubes 604 respectively) with chain box;Two supports Bar 602 is located at alignment bar 603 both ends, vertical with alignment bar and be fixedly connected, and effect is every alignment bar of support, and ensures to be straightened The distance of bar between any two;Adjustment bar 601 is located at supporting rod both ends, uses, has served as adjusting verticality above and below filter element Filter unit tilted upward when, inhale mud branch pipe be bonded with the filter cloth of filter element it is not tight, at this time can use adjustment bar adjust horizontal direction Position makes filter element vertical up and down.Four traveling wheels 203 of collection water assembly 2 are located on alignment component 6, and can be in alignment group (i.e. four traveling wheels 203 can walk in two parallel square tubes) is walked in the parallel square tube 604 of part 6 two.
Backwash manifold assemblies 4 are fixedly mounted on by stent 409 on collection water assembly 2.As shown in figure 5,409 both ends of stent It sets up respectively and is fixed on backwash collector pipe 201, above bed mud collector pipe 202;It inhales bed mud branch pipe 403 and passes through stent 409 and collection Water assembly 2 is fixedly connected.
Backwash branch pipe 402, wired hose 1, backwash collector pipe 201, the backwashing pump of said sequence connection 301st, sewage pipe 15 forms backwash mechanism;Suction bed mud horn mouth 405, suction bed mud branch pipe 403, the steel wire of said sequence connection are soft Pipe 2 404, bed mud collector pipe 202 inhale bed mud pump 302, sludge pipe composition bed mud aspirating mechanism.
Driving device is connected with collection water assembly 2, and collection water assembly 2 can be driven to walk.As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 9, Figure 10, drive Dynamic device 9 includes driving motor 901, driving wheel 902, vertical chain 903, sprocket shaft 904, driving wheel 1, driven sprocket one 906th, driving wheel 2 907, driven sprocket 2 908, horizontal chain 1, horizontal chain two;Wherein, driving wheel 902 and driving wheel It is connected by vertical chain 903 between one 905, is connected between driving wheel 1 and driving wheel 2 907 by sprocket shaft 904, it is main Connected between driving wheel 1 and driven sprocket 906 by horizontal chain 1, driving wheel 2 907 and driven sprocket 2 908 it Between connected by horizontal chain two;Horizontal chain 1, horizontal chain two are bolted on the recoil of collection water assembly 2 Wash collector pipe 201, above bed mud collector pipe 202.Driving motor 901 operates, and drives driving wheel, driving wheel, driven sprocket, chain Thus movement drives four traveling wheels 203 of collection water assembly 2 to walk on alignment component 6.
Collect water assembly 2 and be equipped with travel switch;Travel switch baffle 22 is equipped in filtering ponds pond body both sides, i.e., in pond body two End is respectively provided with a baffle;When travel switch runs to travel switch 22 position of baffle of wherein one side, inductive signal is issued by To switch board, control driving motor 9 inverts;Driving motor 9 inverts, and driving wheel 19, sprocket wheel 20 also invert, 21 negative direction of chain fortune Row drives collection water assembly 2 also reverse direction operation.
Filtering ponds pond body is equipped with liquid level sensor 14, the liquid level sensor and driving device, backwashing pump and suction bed mud The control system of pump is chain, provides driving device, backwashing pump and the start stop signal for inhaling bed mud pump.
Be equipped with cable-pulling chain 5 above filter tank, control system and backwashing pump 301 in cable-pulling chain connection switch board and Inhale the electric part of bed mud pump 302.
The operation principle of the present invention is as follows:
Sewage enters raw water area A, in filtering ponds C, the water surface at filter tank front end raw water inlet 1 by pipeline or weir gate Highly higher than filter element 7, under the action of water-head, sewage is square through positive and negative two panels board plug type by filter element 7 Enter after riser fiber filter cloth 701 (abbreviation filter cloth) filtering inside filter element 7, the apopore stream from square 702 bottom of filter frame Go out, clean water area B is flowed into using the apopore on excessively water-bed plate 8, afterwards by being located on divider wall 18 below excessively water-bed plate 8 Water purification passage 17 reach the water purifying tank D at divider wall 18 rear portion, the water purification in water purifying tank is accumulated to certain altitude, by weir plate 10 It is flowed out at water purification water outlet 11.
Ss suspended solid is stayed in by filter element stop on filter cloth, and after reaching equipment setting time, driving device starts, and drives Collection water assembly 2 and backwash manifold assemblies 4 are run together.Backwash mechanism and the walking of bed mud aspirating mechanism, backwashing pump and suction Bed mud pump work, backwashes filter element and bed mud aspirates.
It backwashes branch pipe and is equipped with several mud-suction holes, by the suction of these mud-suction holes and backwashing pump, will be blocked Outside filter cloth and suspended matter of the absorption on filter cloth is reversely aspirated and (backwashed) into backwash branch pipe, first-class through wired hose To backwash collector pipe, then through backwashing pump, sewage pipe, sewer 16 is flowed into, is drained from outfall 12.It is backwashing When, riser fiber filter cloth filter tank normal filtration.
By free sedimentation and the sludge for washing and being scattered and being accumulated on water-bed plate 8 is swept, the suction pumped by inhaling bed mud, through inhaling Bed mud horn mouth inhales bed mud pipe, wired hose two, bed mud collector pipe, suction bed mud pump, sludge pipe, sewer 16 is flowed into, from sewage Outlet 12 is drained.
It does not aspirate by the sludge of free sedimentation and clean sludge on excessively water-bed plate and focuses in filtering ponds and be less than In bottom deposition hole 23 at water-bed Board position, and deposition evacuation port 13 is further focused on, the dirt in bottom deposition hole 23 When mud runs up to a certain amount of, open deposition evacuation port 13 and discharge bottom deposition.
When collecting the walking of 2 carry backwash manifold assemblies 4 of water assembly to positioned at travel switch 22 position of baffle at both ends, row Cheng Kaiguan sends a signal to switch board, and control driving motor 9 inverts, and collection water assembly 2 is driven to reverse end for end to reverse direction operation.Work as collection After as soon as the length of water assembly 2 carry backwash manifold assemblies 4 along filter element 7 moves back and forth, whole filtering layers are completed The wire on surface sweeps the task of washing, and drive system, backwash mechanism and bed mud aspirating mechanism are stopped transport immediately.
With putting off for filtration time, filter cloth holding filth capacity increases, and filtration resistance increases so that water level rises in filter tank.When When monitoring that water level reaches a certain setting height in filter tank by the liquid level sensor 14 that is mounted in pond body, illustrate filter cloth needs clearly It washes.Start at this point, liquid level sensor 14 sends inductive signal to switch board, control backwashing pump 301 and suction bed mud pump 302, instead Flushing machine and bed mud aspirating mechanism start work, meanwhile, driving device also starts, and drives collection water assembly 2 and backwash branch pipe Component 4 is walked together, that is, is driven and be close to the backwash branch pipe 402 of 7 both sides blanket braid (filter cloth) of filter element and lean on The suction bed mud branch pipe 403 of nearly backwash branch pipe 402 moves together.Backwashing water from inside to outside by blanket braid (filter cloth), With adsorbing together with sludge thereon, by backwashing the mud-suction hole on branch pipe 402, backwash branch pipe 402, pump 301 is backwashed It is taken away.And free sedimentation and sweep the sludge washed and be scattered and concentrated on water-bed plate 8, by inhaling bed mud horn mouth 405, inhaling bottom Mud branch pipe 403 is taken away by suction bed mud pump 302.When collection 2 carry backwash manifold assemblies 4 of water assembly walking is arrived positioned at both ends During travel switch 22 position of baffle, travel switch sends a signal to switch board, and control driving motor 9 inverts, and drives group of catchmenting Part 2 is reversed end for end to reverse direction operation.When the length of collection water assembly 2 carry backwash manifold assemblies 4 along filter element 7 moves one After back and forth, the wire for just completing whole filtering layer surfaces sweeps the task of washing, drive system, backwash mechanism and bed mud aspirating mechanism with Stop transport.
Driving device and backwashing pump and suction bed mud pump startup condition:After general acquiescence reaches equipment setting time, driving And pump startup.In addition, water level in filter tank can be monitored by the liquid level sensor 14 being mounted in pond body, if be less than setting Between, but when liquid level sensor 14 monitors that water level reaches a certain setting height, driving device, backwashing pump and inhale bed mud pump and also can Start.
Driving device and backwashing pump and suction bed mud pump shutdown condition:Usually, when collection 2 carry backwash branch pipe of water assembly Component 4 complete one run back and forth, complete whole filtering layer surfaces wire sweep the task of washing after, travel switch sends inductive signal To switch board, drive system, backwashing pump and suction bed mud pump are stopped, and backwash mechanism sum aggregate water assembly 2 is stopped transport immediately.But It is that, when liquid level is less than setting height, driving device, backwashing pump and suction bed mud pump can also shut down.
Embodiment 2
Another kind riser fiber filter cloth filter tank of the invention, it is generally same as Example 1, only it is straightened bar and square filter frame Coupling part and connection mode it is different, different piece is as follows:
The top of square filter frame 702 is equipped with U-shaped groove;Every alignment bar 603 is the U-lag steel of a root long item, just embedding In the top U-shaped groove for entering the square filter frame 702 of same row's filter element, thus play the role of alignment, make the mistake of same row Filter unit is located on the same line.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of riser fiber filter cloth filter tank, which is characterized in that it includes raw water inlet, water purification water outlet, filter element, mistake Water-bed plate, alignment component, collection water assembly, backwash manifold assemblies, driving device;Further include and catchment component priority order connection pumping Sucking pump device, sewage extraction pipe, sewer;It crosses water-bed plate and is mounted on lower part in pond body;Filter element was vertically installed at the bottom On plate;Filter element is multiple rows of multiple row;Each filter element is assigned by the square riser fiber filter cloth of positive and negative two panels board plug type It is formed on one square filter frame, the square riser fiber filter cloth of positive and negative two panels board plug type and a square filter frame enclose one Internal hollow structure;Square filter frame bottom is equipped with apopore;It crosses on water-bed plate and also is provided with apopore;Component is straightened to be mounted on together On the top of the square filter frame of one row's filter element, it is located on the same line the filter element of same row;Collection water assembly includes Collector pipe and traveling wheel are backwashed, traveling wheel is located above alignment component;Driving device is connected with collection water assembly, driving device band The traveling wheel of dynamic collection water assembly is walked on alignment component;Backwash manifold assemblies are fixed on collection water assembly, with group of catchmenting Part is walked;Backwashing manifold assemblies includes backwash branch pipe, and backwash branch pipe is connected by hose with collection water assembly;Backwash branch Pipe is equipped with mud-suction hole, and mud-suction hole, close to filter cloth, backwash branch pipe stretches between filter element and carries out wire to filter element Scan-type backwashes.
2. riser fiber filter cloth filter tank as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that backwash manifold assemblies further include and recoil The suction bed mud branch pipe that branch pipe is fixedly connected is washed, bed mud branch bottom of the tube is inhaled and is equipped with and inhale bed mud horn mouth, collection water assembly further includes bed mud Collector pipe is inhaled bed mud branch pipe upper end and is fixed by the bracket on collection water assembly;It inhales bed mud branch pipe and passes through hose and bed mud collector pipe Connection;Aspirating pump installation includes backwashing pump, inhales bed mud pump;Backwashing pump and suction bed mud pump are mounted on collection water assembly;Walking There are four wheels;It is straightened component and is equipped with two square tubes;Four traveling wheels are located above alignment two square tubes of component;Backwash is pumped into Mouth is connected with backwash collector pipe, is inhaled bed mud pump intake and is connected with bed mud collector pipe;Sewage extraction pipe includes sewage pipe, sludge Pipe;Sewage pipe is connected with backwashing pump outlet;Sludge pipe is connected with inhaling bed mud pump discharge;Sewage pipe and sludge pipe outlet are located at dirt Above water channel;Sewer lower part is equipped with outfall.
3. riser fiber filter cloth filter tank as claimed in claim 1 or 2, which is characterized in that alignment component includes square tube, alignment Bar, supporting rod and adjustment bar;The quantity for being straightened bar is identical with the number of rows of filter element;Circle is protruded there are two setting in square filter frame upper end Column, every alignment bar are the U-type groove steel of a root long item, are provided on U-type groove steel matched small with the protrusion cylinder on square filter frame Hole, alignment bar are located on the same line the filter element of same row by aperture and protrusion cylindrical fit;Wherein outermost Two hollow square tubes are installed on two symmetrical alignment bars, as traveling wheel running track and chain box;Two branch Strut is located at alignment bar both ends, vertical with alignment bar, is fixedly connected with every alignment bar, and ensure alignment bar between any two away from From;Adjustment bar is located at supporting rod both ends, for adjusting the verticality up and down of filter element.
4. riser fiber filter cloth filter tank as claimed in claim 1 or 2, which is characterized in that excessively water-bed plate is slightly upwardly raised for one Convex steel plate, excessively water-bed plate is equipped with several jacks, and square filter frame bottom is equipped with pin, and filter element was plugged on water vertically On bottom plate.
5. riser fiber filter cloth filter tank as claimed in claim 1 or 2, which is characterized in that entire filter tank is divided by divider wall The filtering ponds of forepart and the water purifying tank at rear portion;It crosses water-bed plate and is mounted on lower part in filtering ponds pond body;Crossing water-bed plate makes in filtering ponds Water body forms two subregions up and down, raw water area and clean water area;The divider wall crossed below water-bed plate is equipped with water purification passage and water purification Pond connects;Weir plate is equipped in water purifying tank, weir plate rear portion is equipped with water purification water outlet.
6. riser fiber filter cloth filter tank as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that driving device includes driving motor, driving Wheel, vertical chain, sprocket shaft, two driving wheels, two driven sprockets, two horizontal chains;Wherein, driving wheel and an active It is connected by vertical chain between wheel, by sprocket wheel axis connection between two driving wheels, passed through between driving wheel and driven sprocket Horizontal chain connection;Two horizontal chains are fixedly connected with collection water assembly;Two horizontal chains are worn out of two hollow square tubes It crosses.
7. riser fiber filter cloth filter tank as claimed in claim 1 or 2, which is characterized in that backwash branch pipe is fixed by spring On bed mud branch pipe is inhaled;Backwash branch pipe surrounding is equipped with upper and lower closure plate and left and right board.
8. riser fiber filter cloth filter tank as claimed in claim 5, which is characterized in that collection water assembly is equipped with travel switch;It crosses Filter tank pond body both sides are equipped with travel switch baffle.
9. riser fiber filter cloth filter tank as claimed in claim 5, which is characterized in that filtering ponds pond body is equipped with level sensing Device, the liquid level sensor and the control system of driving device, backwashing pump and suction bed mud pump are chain.
10. riser fiber filter cloth filter tank as claimed in claim 1 or 2, which is characterized in that cable-pulling chain is equipped with above filter tank, Control system and backwashing pump and the electric part of suction bed mud pump in cable-pulling chain connection switch board.
CN201610009358.XA 2016-01-07 2016-01-07 A kind of riser fiber filter cloth filter tank Active CN106267935B (en)

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CN108975528A (en) * 2018-07-02 2018-12-11 湖南屎壳郎环境科技有限公司 A kind of round-trip back suction suction fibre filter and its sewage water treatment method
CN112452028A (en) * 2020-10-26 2021-03-09 上海同臣环保有限公司 Method capable of simultaneously solving problems of filter cloth blockage and water loss of vertical filter cloth filter
CN112774280A (en) * 2020-12-23 2021-05-11 同臣环保装备科技(苏州)有限公司 Civil engineering foundation's whole sled dress formula riser cloth filtering pond

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CN205287759U (en) * 2016-01-07 2016-06-08 上海同臣环保有限公司 Riser fiber filter filtering pond

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CN203017849U (en) * 2012-07-19 2013-06-26 杨志江 Deep-filtration cloth filter
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