CN106262994A - Liquid-state food material 3D printing device - Google Patents

Liquid-state food material 3D printing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106262994A
CN106262994A CN201610863507.9A CN201610863507A CN106262994A CN 106262994 A CN106262994 A CN 106262994A CN 201610863507 A CN201610863507 A CN 201610863507A CN 106262994 A CN106262994 A CN 106262994A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
printing
assembly
mechanism
3d printing
print head
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CN201610863507.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张靖
金良
金杰
王迪龙
潘海军
王江
王一江
冯祺凯
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浙江迅实科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201610863507.9A priority Critical patent/CN106262994A/en
Publication of CN106262994A publication Critical patent/CN106262994A/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; THEIR TREATMENT, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23CDAIRY PRODUCTS, e.g. MILK, BUTTER, CHEESE; MILK OR CHEESE SUBSTITUTES; MAKING THEREOF
    • A23C19/00Cheese; Cheese preparations; Making thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; THEIR TREATMENT, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23GCOCOA; COCOA PRODUCTS, e.g. CHOCOLATE; SUBSTITUTES FOR COCOA OR COCOA PRODUCTS; CONFECTIONERY; CHEWING GUM; ICE-CREAM; PREPARATION THEREOF
    • A23G1/00Cocoa; Cocoa products, e.g. chocolate; Substitutes therefor
    • A23G1/04Apparatus specially adapted for manufacture or treatment of cocoa or cocoa products
    • A23G1/042Manufacture or treatment of liquid, cream, paste, granule, shred or powder
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; THEIR TREATMENT, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23GCOCOA; COCOA PRODUCTS, e.g. CHOCOLATE; SUBSTITUTES FOR COCOA OR COCOA PRODUCTS; CONFECTIONERY; CHEWING GUM; ICE-CREAM; PREPARATION THEREOF
    • A23G3/00Sweetmeats; Confectionery; Marzipan; Coated or filled products
    • A23G3/02Apparatus specially adapted for manufacture or treatment of sweetmeats or confectionery; Accessories therefor
    • A23G3/0205Manufacture or treatment of liquids, pastes, creams, granules, shred or powder
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B33ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
    • B33YADDITIVE MANUFACTURING, i.e. MANUFACTURING OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL [3-D] OBJECTS BY ADDITIVE DEPOSITION, ADDITIVE AGGLOMERATION OR ADDITIVE LAYERING, e.g. BY 3-D PRINTING, STEREOLITHOGRAPHY OR SELECTIVE LASER SINTERING
    • B33Y30/00Apparatus for additive manufacturing; Details thereof or accessories therefor

Abstract

The invention discloses a liquid-state food material 3D printing device. The device comprises a base and a printing mechanism, a translation mechanism and a control mechanism which are arranged on the base; the printing mechanism comprises a printing head assembly and a driving assembly used for driving the printing head assembly to move in the vertical plane; the translation mechanism comprises a printing platform and a driving assembly used for driving the printing platform to move in the horizontal plane; the printing head assembly comprises a raw material barrel used for containing printing raw materials, a printing head is arranged at the bottom of the raw material barrel, a pressing block used for pressing the raw materials towards the printing head is arranged in the raw material barrel, the pressing block is connected with a second screw through a piston rod and a connecting block sequentially, the second screw is driven by a motor, linear motion of the second screw drives linear motion of the piston rod, and then the pressing block continuously pushes the raw materials towards the printing head. The liquid-state food material 3D printing device can achieve printing of multiple liquid-state food materials and is high in practicability and printing precision, good in stability, convenient to operate and low in cost.

Description

一种液态食材3D打印装置 A liquid food 3D printing apparatus

技术领域 FIELD

[0001 ]本发明涉及一种液态食材3D打印装置,属于3D打印领域。 [0001] The present invention relates to a liquid food 3D printing apparatus, belonging to the field of 3D printing.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 3D打印装置又称三维打印机,是一种采用累积制造技术(即快速成形技术)的机器,它的原理是把数据和原料放进3D打印机中,机器按照程序把产品一层层造出来。 [0002] 3D printing apparatus, also known as three-dimensional printer, using an additive manufacturing techniques (i.e., rapid prototyping technology) machine, its principle is the raw data into 3D printer, according to the machine program product to layers made come out. 目前市面上的3D打印装置主要用于工业物品的打印,用于食品3D打印的装置较少,而且,由于打印原料的限制,食品3D打印装置普遍存在打印功能单一(如只能打印某一特定食材的特定造型),对打印原料要求高(如只能使用某一特定状态的食材),打印精度低,打印机构笨重等缺陷。 3D printing apparatus currently on the market mainly for industrial printing articles, means less food for 3D printing, and, due to limitations of the print material, the print function common single food 3D printing apparatus (e.g., printing only a specific ingredients specifically shaped), high print material requirements (e.g., using only the ingredients of a particular state), the printing accuracy is low, printing defects such as bulky mechanism.

[0003]有鉴于此,本发明人对此进行研究,专门开发出一种液态食材3D打印装置,本案由此产生。 [0003] In view of this, the present invention this research, the development of a special liquid food 3D printing apparatus, thereby producing the case.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004]本发明的目的是提供一种液态食材3D打印装置,可实现多种液态食材的打印,实用性强,打印精度高、稳定性好。 [0004] The object of the present invention is to provide a liquid food 3D printing apparatus, printing can be achieved more liquid ingredients, practical, high-precision printing, good stability.

[0005]为了实现上述目的,本发明的解决方案是: [0005] To achieve the above object, the present invention is a solution:

一种液态食材3D打印装置,包括机座,以及设置在机座上的打印机构、平移机构和控制机构,其中,所述打印机构包括打印头组件,以及驱动打印头组件在垂直面上运动的驱动组件,所述平移机构包括打印平台,以及驱动打印平台在水平平面上运动的驱动组件;所述打印头组件包括容纳打印原料的原料桶,所述原料桶的底部设有打印头,原料桶内设有将液态食材压向打印头的压块,所述压块依次通过活塞杆、连接块与第二丝杠相连,所述第二丝杠通过电机驱动,第二丝杠的直线运动带动活塞杆的直线运动,从而使压块将原料不断推向打印头,实现连续打印。 A liquid food 3D printing apparatus, comprising a base, and a printing mechanism provided on the machine base, the translation mechanism and control means, wherein said printing mechanism comprises a movement in the vertical plane of the printhead assembly, the printhead assembly and a drive drive assembly, the translation mechanism includes a printing platform, and a drive assembly driving the printing platform moving on a horizontal plane; said printhead assembly comprises a tub containing a printing material feedstock, the bottom of the tub is provided with a feed printhead, stock vat equipped with the liquid food pressure to the compact printhead, the compact through the piston rod connected sequentially, the connection block and a second screw, the second screw driven by a motor, the linear movement of the second drive screw the linear motion of the piston rod, so that the raw material will continue to push the compact print head to achieve continuous printing.

[0006] 作为优选,所述打印机构的驱动组件包括垂直设置的第一丝杠,与第一丝杠相连的驱动电机,打印头组件通过连接件与第一丝杠相连,通过驱动电机和第一丝杠带动打印头组件在Z轴方向上下运动。 [0006] Advantageously, the drive assembly comprises a first printing mechanism vertically disposed lead screw, a drive motor connected to the first screw, the print head assembly through a connecting member connected to the first lead screw by the drive motor and a lead screw driven vertical movement of the print head assembly in the Z axis direction. 打印头只进行单维运动,减少其打印过程中的大幅度运动,可提高其打印精度。 Printhead only a single-dimensional motion, to reduce significantly its motion during printing, print precision can be improved.

[0007]作为优选,所述平移机构的驱动组件包括水平设置在机座面板上的Y向导轨、滑动安装在Y向导轨上的支承板、带动支承板运动的Y向齿轮带和Y向驱动电机;所述支承板上表面设有X向导轨和X向齿轮带,打印平台滑动安装在X向导轨上,并通过X向齿轮带和X向驱动电机驱动其在X轴和Y轴方向运动。 [0007] Advantageously, the drive assembly includes a translation mechanism horizontally disposed on the base Y to the guide panel, slidably mounted to the support plate in the Y-guide rail, driven by the movement of the support plate to the driven gear with Y and Y motor; the support surface is provided with X-direction guide plate to the gear and with X, printing platform slidably mounted on the guide rail to X, and drives its movement in the X-axis and Y-axis direction by the X-direction with the gear to the drive motor and X .

[0008]作为优选,所述打印头组件原料桶外壁进一步设有一用于原料加热的加热器。 [0008] Advantageously, the print head assembly is further provided with a raw material for the outer wall of the tub heater for heating the feedstock.

[0009]作为优选,所述加热器采用筒状加热器,环形包覆于原料桶外壁,筒状加热器与原料桶外形相匹配,可实现高效、快速、均匀的加热。 [0009] Advantageously, the tubular heater using the heater, the annular outer wall of the tub enclosing the material, the heater and the cylindrical shape to match the feeding trough, can achieve efficient, rapid and uniform heating.

[0010]作为优选,所述机座面板上设有零位限位开关和Y向限位开关,用于限制打印平台的移动距离。 [0010] Preferably, the moving distance of zero is provided with limit switches and limit switch Y, for limiting the printing platform on the base panel.

[0011]作为优选,所述控制机构采用微处理器控制,分别与打印机构、平移机构相连,用于控制各个机构的动作。 [0011] Advantageously, the microprocessor controlled control means, respectively connected with the printing mechanism, a translation means, for controlling the operation of each mechanism.

[0012]上述液态食材3D打印装置工作原理:平移机构带动打印平台实现X轴方向、Y轴方向的水平移动,打印机构通过第一丝杠实现Z轴方向的垂直运动,从而实现打印头的三维运动,在打印过程中,压块压向打印头,打印头连续挤出被打印原料,进而在打印平台上打印出成型食品。 [0012] The liquid ingredients 3D printing apparatus works: printing platform translation mechanism driven by the X-axis direction, Z axis direction, the horizontal movement of the vertical movement, the printing mechanism is achieved by Y-axis direction of the first screw, in order to achieve a three-dimensional printing head movement, during printing, the print head is pressed against the compact printhead continuously extruded material to be printed, and then prints out the print on the molded food internet.

[0013]本发明所述的液态食材3D打印装置可根据不同的原料,实现多种液态食材的3D打印(如巧克力酱、奶酪酱、糖浆等),实用性强,打印过程中,采用压块缓慢推送,打印头原料输送均匀,打印精度高、稳定性好,且操作方便,成本低。 [0013] Liquid ingredients 3D printing apparatus according to the present invention according to different raw materials, and a variety of 3D printing liquid ingredients (e.g., chocolate sauce, cheese sauce, syrup, etc.), practical printing process, using compact slowly push the printhead material handling uniformly high print accuracy, good stability and easy operation and low cost.

[0014]以下结合附图及具体实施例对本发明做进一步详细描述。 [0014] accompanying drawings and the following specific embodiments of the present invention will be further described in detail.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0015]图1为本实施例的液态食材3D打印装置立体结构图一; Liquid ingredients 3D [0015] FIG 1 the printing apparatus of the present embodiment is a perspective view of a structure;

图2为本实施例的液态食材3D打印装置立体结构图二; 3D liquid ingredients present embodiment of FIG. 2 perspective structural view of the printing apparatus II;

图3为本实施例的液态食材3D打印装置打印头组件剖视图。 Liquid ingredients 3D printing device printhead assembly of FIG. 3 is a sectional view of the embodiment.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0016]如图1〜3所示,一种液态食材3D打印装置,包括机座I,以及设置在机座I上的打印机构2、平移机构3和控制机构4。 [0016] As shown in FIG. 1 ~ 3, a liquid food 3D printing apparatus, comprising a base I, and the printing mechanism 2 is provided, the translation means 3 and the control means 4 on the base I. 其中,所述打印机构2包括打印头组件21,以及驱动打印头组件21在垂直平面上运动的驱动组件22,所述打印机构2的驱动组件22包括垂直设置的第一丝杠221,与第一丝杠221相连的第一驱动电机222,打印头组件21通过连接件23与第一丝杠221相连,通过第一驱动电机222和第一丝杠221带动打印头组件21在Z轴方向上下运动;所述打印头组件21包括容纳打印原料的原料桶211,所述原料桶211的底部设有打印头212,打印头212为锥形,原料桶211内设有将原料压向打印头212的压块213,所述压块213依次通过活塞杆214、连接块215与第二丝杠216相连,所述第二丝杠216通过第二驱动电机217驱动,第二丝杠216的直线运动带动活塞杆214的直线运动,从而使压块213将原料不断压向打印头212,实现连续打印。 Wherein the printing mechanism 21 comprises a 2, and a drive assembly 21 drives the print head assembly in a vertical plane of movement of the print head assembly 22, a print mechanism drive assembly 22 includes two vertically disposed in a first screw 221, and the second the first drive motor 221 coupled to a lead screw 222, the print head assembly 23 and the first lead screw 21 is connected through the connecting member 221, 221 driven by a motor 222 driving a first screw and a first print head assembly 21 in the Z-axis direction vertical movement; the print head assembly 21 comprises a material receiving barrel of the printing material 211, the bottom of the tub 211 is provided with a feed print head 212, print head 212 is tapered, barrel 211 is provided with the raw material is pressed against the print head 212 the compact 213, the pressing block 213 passes through a piston rod 214, connection block 215 is connected to the second lead screw 216, the second lead screw 216 driving the second driving motor 217, the linear motion of the second screw 216 driven linear movement of the piston rod 214, so that the compacts 213 continue pressing the material 212 to the print head, to achieve continuous printing. 所述原料桶211外壁上设有一用于原料加热的加热器218,在本实施例中,所述加热器采用加热丝加热。 The outer wall of the feed barrel 211 is provided with a heater 218 for heating the raw material in the present embodiment, the use of the heating wire heater. 所述加热器218为筒状,环形包覆于原料桶211外壁上,筒状加热器218与原料桶211外形相匹配,可实现高效、快速、均匀的加热。 The heater 218 is a cylindrical, annular wall cladding material on the outer tub 211, a heater 218 and a cylindrical shape to match the feed barrel 211, enabling efficient, rapid and uniform heating.

[0017]所述平移机构3包括打印平台31,以及驱动打印平台31在水平平面上运动的驱动组件32。 [0017] The translation mechanism 3 includes a printing platform 31, and a drive assembly 31 drives the print platform on a horizontal plane of movement 32. 所述驱动组件32包括水平设置在机座面板11上的Y向导轨321、滑动安装在Y向导轨321上的支承板322、带动支承板322运动的Y向齿轮带323和Y向驱动电机;所述支承板322上表面设有X向导轨324和X向齿轮带325,打印平台31滑动安装在X向导轨324上,并通过X向齿轮带325和X向驱动电机驱动。 The Y drive assembly 32 includes a horizontal panel disposed on a base 321 toward the guide rail 11, slidably mounted to the support plate in the Y rails 321 322, the support plate 322 to drive Y motion to the gear belt 323 to the drive motor and Y; upper surface of the support plate 322 is provided with X and X-direction guide bar 324 to the gear 325, the printing platform 31 slidably mounted on the guide rail 324 to X, and X-band 325 and the X-driving gear by the drive motor. 齿轮带和驱动电机的工作原理:齿轮带一端与固定安装的从齿轮相连,另一端与驱动电机的主齿轮相连,驱动电机端的主齿轮转动,带动齿轮带和从齿轮转动,因为齿轮带与支承板322、打印平台31相连,从而带动支承板322、打印平台31移动。 Works with gear and drive motor: a gear with one end fixedly mounted is connected from the gear, is connected to the main gear and the other end of the drive motor, the main gear drives the motor side rotating, drives the gear belt and is rotated from the gear since the gear with the support plate 322, connected to the printing platform 31, so as to drive the support plate 322, the mobile platform 31 print.

[0018]所述机座面板11两个相邻边缘各设有一个限位开关,分别为零位限位开关12和Y向限位开关13,零位限位开关12用于位置归零,初始状态时,打印平台运动,接触限位开关归零。 [0018] The base panel 11 is provided with two adjacent edges of a limit switch, the limit switch 12 bits are zero and Y 13, the limit switch 12 for zero zero position limit switch, the initial state, the printing movement of the platform, the contact limit switch to zero. Y向限位开关13用于限制支承板322Y向的移动位置,防止其滑出机座面板11。 The support for moving the Y position regulating plate 322Y to the limit switch 13, which is prevented from sliding out of base panel 11.

[0019]在本实施例中,所述控制机构4安装在机座面板11下方,采用微处理器控制,分别与打印机构、平移机构的各个电机,以及零位限位开关12和Y向限位开关13等相连,用于控制各个机构的动作。 [0019] In the present embodiment, the control unit 4 is mounted below the base panel 11, the control microprocessor, respectively, and the printing mechanism, each motor translation mechanism, and the zero position and the limit switch 12 to limit Y switch 13 and the like are connected, for controlling the operation of each mechanism.

[0020]上述液态食材3D打印装置工作原理:本实施例所述的打印装置用于巧克力打印,因此原料桶211内装有液体状的巧克力酱,通过加热器218将原料桶211维持在34〜36摄氏度(根据巧克力材质的不同与打印模型的不同,温度也会有所不同)。 [0020] The liquid ingredients 3D printing apparatus works: a printing apparatus according to the present embodiment for printing chocolate, so the raw material bucket 211 that has the form of liquid chocolate sauce, 211 by the heater 218 is maintained at 34~36 original drum degrees Celsius (depending on different models of chocolate and print material, the temperature will be different). 根据需要打印的巧克力模型,平移机构3带动打印平台31沿X轴方向、Y轴方向水平移动,打印机构2通过第一丝杠221实现Z轴方向的垂直运动,进而实现打印头212的三维运动,在打印过程中,压块213压向打印头212,打印头212连续在打印平台31上打印出成型的巧克力模型。 The chocolate model to be printed, the printing platform translation mechanism 31 driven by 3 in the X-axis, Y-axis direction of the horizontal movement, the print mechanism 2221 realize Z-axis direction by the vertical movement of the first screw, so as to realize the three-dimensional movement of the print head 212 in the printing process, the compact 213 is pressed against the print head 212, print head 212 to print out continuously molded chocolate model 31 on the printing platform. 采用本实施例所述的液态食材3D打印装置可打印多种食材,如巧克力、奶油、奶酪、糖浆、面糊等,打印过程中,采用压块213缓慢推送,打印头212原料输送均匀,具有打印精度高、稳定性好,且操作方便,成本低等特点。 Liquid ingredients employed in the embodiment of the present 3D printing apparatus may print a variety of ingredients, such as chocolate, cream, cheese, syrup, paste, etc., during the printing process, using a slow push the compact 213, the print head 212 uniformly feed conveyor, a printing high accuracy, good stability, easy operation and low cost.

[0021]上述实施例和图式并非限定本发明的产品形态和式样,任何所属技术领域的普通技术人员对其所做的适当变化或修饰,皆应视为不脱离本发明的专利范畴。 [0021] The above-described embodiments and drawings are not defined style and product forms of the present invention, any person of ordinary skill in the art or modifications thereof suitable changes made, it should be considered are possible without departing from the scope of the invention.

Claims (7)

1.一种液态食材3D打印装置,其特征在于:包括机座,以及设置在机座上的打印机构、平移机构和控制机构,其中,所述打印机构包括打印头组件,以及驱动打印头组件在垂直面上运动的驱动组件,所述平移机构包括打印平台,以及驱动打印平台在水平平面上运动的驱动组件;所述打印头组件包括容纳打印原料的原料桶,所述原料桶的底部设有打印头,原料桶内设有将原料压向打印头的压块,所述压块依次通过活塞杆、连接块与第二丝杠相连,所述第二丝杠通过电机驱动,第二丝杠的直线运动带动活塞杆的直线运动,使压块将原料不断推向打印头。 1. A liquid food 3D printing apparatus comprising: a base, and a print mechanism disposed to the machine base, the translation mechanism and control means, wherein said printing mechanism includes a printhead assembly, the printhead assembly and a drive in the vertical movement of the drive assembly surface, said translation mechanism includes a printing platform, and a drive assembly driving the printing platform moving on a horizontal plane; the print head assembly comprising a print receiving tub raw material, the material located at the bottom of the tub print head, the raw material feed bins with the print head pressed against the compact, the compact through the piston rod in turn is connected to a second connector block and screw, said second screw driven by a motor, a second wire bars driven linear motion linear motion of the piston rod, the raw material briquettes will continue to push the print head.
2.如权利要求1所述的一种液态食材3D打印装置,其特征在于:所述打印机构的驱动组件包括垂直设置的第一丝杠,与第一丝杠相连的驱动电机,打印头组件通过连接件与第一丝杠相连,通过驱动电机和第一丝杠带动打印头组件在Z轴方向上下运动。 2. A liquid food according to claim 1 3D printing apparatus, wherein: said driving assembly comprises a first printing mechanism vertically disposed lead screw, a drive motor connected to the first screw, the print head assembly a first connecting member by the lead screw is connected by a first drive motor and lead screw assembly driven by vertical movement of the print head in the Z-axis direction.
3.如权利要求1所述的一种液态食材3D打印装置,其特征在于:所述平移机构的驱动组件包括水平设置在机座面板上的Y向导轨、滑动安装在Y向导轨上的支承板、带动支承板运动的Y向齿轮带和Y向驱动电机;所述支承板上表面设有X向导轨和X向齿轮带,打印平台滑动安装在X向导轨上,并通过X向齿轮带和X向驱动电机驱动其在X轴和Y轴方向运动。 3. A liquid food according to claim 1 3D printing apparatus, wherein: said driving assembly comprises a Y translation mechanism horizontally disposed on a base panel of the rail slidably mounted on the Y to the support rail plate, support plate Y drive motion to the drive motor and the gear with Y; with the surface of the support plate and the X-direction guide to the gear with X, printing platform slidably mounted to the X rails, and with the gear by X and X driving its movement in the X-axis and Y-axis direction drive motor.
4.如权利要求1所述的一种液态食材3D打印装置,其特征在于:所述打印头组件原料桶外壁进一步设有一用于原料加热的加热器。 4. A liquid food 3D printing apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the print head assembly is further provided with a raw material for the outer wall of the tub heater for heating the feedstock.
5.如权利要求4所述的一种液态食材3D打印装置,其特征在于:所述加热器采用筒状加热器,环形包覆于原料桶外壁。 5. A liquid ingredients 4 3D printing apparatus according to claim, wherein: said cylindrical heater using the heater, the annular outer wall enclosing the feeding trough.
6.如权利要求1所述的一种液态食材3D打印装置,其特征在于:所述机座面板上设有零位限位开关和Y向限位开关,用于限制打印平台的移动距离。 6. A liquid food according to claim 1 3D printing apparatus, wherein: the movement distance of zero is provided with limit switches and limit switch Y, the printing platform for restricting the upper panel stand.
7.如权利要求1所述的一种液态食材3D打印装置,其特征在于:所述控制机构采用微处理器控制,分别与打印机构、平移机构相连,用于控制各个机构的动作。 7. A liquid food 3D printing apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: said microprocessor control means controls, are connected to the printing mechanism, a translation means, for controlling the operation of each mechanism.
CN201610863507.9A 2016-09-29 2016-09-29 Liquid-state food material 3D printing device CN106262994A (en)

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