CN106216369A - The process pond of the soil of copper staining - Google Patents

The process pond of the soil of copper staining Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106216369A
CN106216369A CN201610609796.XA CN201610609796A CN106216369A CN 106216369 A CN106216369 A CN 106216369A CN 201610609796 A CN201610609796 A CN 201610609796A CN 106216369 A CN106216369 A CN 106216369A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
immobilized microorganism
layer
soil
copper
ball
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN201610609796.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
汪枫
崔晓辉
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Ningguo Drainage Water Purification Equipment Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Ningguo Drainage Water Purification Equipment Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Ningguo Drainage Water Purification Equipment Co Ltd filed Critical Ningguo Drainage Water Purification Equipment Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610609796.XA priority Critical patent/CN106216369A/en
Publication of CN106216369A publication Critical patent/CN106216369A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09CRECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09C1/00Reclamation of contaminated soil
    • B09C1/002Reclamation of contaminated soil involving in-situ ground water treatment
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09CRECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09C1/00Reclamation of contaminated soil
    • B09C1/02Extraction using liquids, e.g. washing, leaching, flotation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F9/00Multistage treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09CRECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09C2101/00In situ
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/001Processes for the treatment of water whereby the filtration technique is of importance
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2301/00General aspects of water treatment
    • C02F2301/08Multistage treatments, e.g. repetition of the same process step under different conditions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/34Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the microorganisms used

Abstract

The invention discloses the process pond of the soil of copper staining, well, immobilized microorganism ball, field generator for magnetic, water pump and sparge pipe is processed including collecting-tank, collecting gutter, copper staining, collecting-tank connects a plurality of collecting gutter, and copper staining processes well and is followed successively by sand stone layer, artificial substratum layer and immobilized microorganism layer from top to bottom;Artificial substratum layer is made up of with limestone Vermiculitum, throw in immobilized microorganism layer and have immobilized microorganism ball, immobilized microorganism ball is made up with metallic nickel of activated sludge, activated carbon, connecting in collecting-tank and have outlet pipe, outlet pipe connects copper staining and processes the sand stone layer of well, is provided with drainage screen between artificial substratum layer and immobilized microorganism layer, it is provided with pure water pipe in immobilized microorganism layer, pure water pipe connects water pump, and water pump connects has sparge pipe, sparge pipe to be evenly distributed on soil surface.The present invention can not only remove the copper in soil, and achieves the recycling of water.

Description

The process pond of the soil of copper staining
Technical field
The present invention relates to the process pond of the soil in soil improvement field, particularly copper staining.
Background technology
In soil, normal copper content is per kilogram 2~200 milligrams.Chinese soil copper content is per kilogram 3~300 milligrams, Meansigma methods is per kilogram 22 milligrams.Copper can be enriched with in soil and be absorbed by crops.At the soil near copper smelting plant, Copper containing high concentration.Rock decay and copper-containing wastewater are irrigated and copper all can be made to accumulate in soil and retain for a long time.Germany joins Near some copper smelting plants of republic of nation, soil copper content is 3~232 times of normal soil.Soil-grown at copper staining Plant, copper content is 33~50 times of normal plants.Irrigation process and using of copper sulfate agrochemical pesticide also make one Copper is divided to enter in soil and plant.Copper is root at the cumulative distribution majority of plant parts > stem, leaf > fruit, but minority is planted In object, the distribution of copper is in contrast, if Cong Hua leaf is then fruit > branch > leaf.Aquatile can be with enriching Cu, by the richness of food chain Collection, finally makes a large amount of copper enter human body;Crops can be by the copper in root absorption soil, and a portion also can enter through food Human body.Health can be produced harm after copper is accumulated to a certain extent in vivo, the improvement of native land earth has important meaning Justice.
Containing a large amount of copper in the waste gas that copper smelting plant etc. discharges, waste gas runs into rainwater and is deposited to ground, causes Soil Copper Seriously polluted, additionally obtain immobilized microorganism technology paying close attention to widely, such as Patent No. both at home and abroad: 200910056687.X Describing a kind of immobilized microorganism preparation method in patent specification, immobilized microorganism is mainly characterized by Microorganism incubation Become a kind of solid-state, be placed in sewage and there is fixing shape, and microorganism not loss of activity, there is good sewage disposal effect Really.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide the process pond of the soil of copper staining, for repairing the soil that copper staining is serious.
For achieving the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme: the process pond of the soil of copper staining, including catchmenting Pond, collecting gutter, copper staining process well, immobilized microorganism ball, field generator for magnetic, water pump and sparge pipe, and described collecting-tank is even Logical a plurality of collecting gutter, the build of described collecting gutter is at soil surface, and described copper staining processes well and is followed successively by sand stone layer, people from top to bottom Work hypothallus and immobilized microorganism layer;
Described artificial substratum layer is made up of with limestone Vermiculitum, and throwing in described immobilized microorganism layer has immobilized microorganism Ball, described immobilized microorganism ball is made up with metallic nickel of activated sludge, mainly contains Lay and draw microsphere in described activated sludge Bacterium and human pallid bacillus, activated sludge is sufficiently mixed by chemical agent according to the ratio of 5:2 with metallic nickel, then by activated sludge Made by mould spherical with the mixture of metallic nickel, then air-dry, then will air-dry after spherical mixture be placed among magnetic field, Filter out the internal spherical mixture containing metallic nickel and i.e. obtain described immobilized microorganism ball;
Connecting in described collecting-tank and have outlet pipe, described outlet pipe connects copper staining and processes the sand stone layer of well, described artificial substratum Being provided with drainage screen between layer and immobilized microorganism layer, be provided with pure water pipe in described immobilized microorganism layer, described pure water pipe is even Water pump, described water pump connects has sparge pipe, described sparge pipe to be evenly distributed on soil surface, the bottom of described collecting gutter, collection The bottom in pond and side, the bottom of copper staining process well and side are all equipped with impervious barrier;
Described field generator for magnetic includes that spiral winding, transformator and power supply, described spiral winding are wrapped in immobilized microorganism The periphery of layer, spiral winding and transformator Electricity Federation, transformator and power supply Electricity Federation, described power supply controls spiral winding by transformator Current intensity and direction, thus control the size and Orientation in magnetic field, immobilized microorganism layer define a magnetic field, magnetic Field action, in immobilized microorganism layer, makes immobilized microorganism ball suspend and the most mixed with sewage in immobilized microorganism layer Close.
Preferably, being provided with mud recovery tube in described immobilized microorganism layer, described mud recovery tube is used for collecting admittedly Surely change microorganism ball and suspended sludge, then the immobilized microorganism ball of recovery is decomposed and obtain metallic nickel, more outstanding by reclaim Floating mud and metallic nickel make immobilized microorganism ball, the micro-life of immobilization then periodically will made the most again by chemical reagent Thing ball puts in immobilized microorganism layer, and described mud recovery tube passes through pump by immobilized microorganism ball sucking-off, it is achieved immobilization The recycling of microorganism ball.
Preferably, a diameter of 15-20mm of described immobilized microorganism ball.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows: copper staining processes well and is followed successively by sand stone layer, people from outside to inside Work hypothallus and immobilized microorganism layer, described artificial substratum layer is made up of with limestone Vermiculitum, in immobilized microorganism layer Input has immobilized microorganism ball, described immobilized microorganism ball to be made up with metallic nickel of activated sludge, described activated sludge Inside mainly containing Lay draws micrococcus luteus and human pallid bacillus, activated sludge to be filled by chemical agent according to the ratio of 5:2 with metallic nickel Point mixing, then is made by mould spherical by activated sludge with the mixture of metallic nickel, then air-dries, then will air-dried after spherical Mixture is placed among magnetic field, filters out the internal spherical mixture containing metallic nickel and i.e. obtains described immobilized microorganism ball, gold Belonging to nickel and have bigger proportion, therefore immobilized microorganism ball has preferable settling property, and in activated sludge, Lay draws microsphere Bacterium and human pallid bacillus have good adsorption treatment ability to copper, and activated sludge is in solid-state and can prevent from blocking copper staining process Well;
Vermiculitum has good adsorptivity to copper, reduces the content of copper in water, sewage again in activated sludge Lay draw microsphere Bacterium and human pallid bacillus process;Process the water after well purifies by copper staining and spray in soil by water pump and sparge pipe, will Copper in soil brings braiding channel into by water, and the water in braiding channel processes well through copper staining again and purifies, immobilized microorganism ball Periodic replacement, so can not only remove the copper in soil, and achieve the recycling of water.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the top view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is immobilized microorganism layer and field generator for magnetic structure chart.
In figure: 1, collecting-tank, 2, collecting gutter, 3, impervious barrier, 4, outlet pipe, 5, copper staining process well, 6, sand stone layer, 7, Artificial substratum layer, 8, drainage screen, 9, mud recovery tube, 10, immobilized microorganism layer, 11, spiral winding, 12, transformator, 13, Power supply, 14, field generator for magnetic, 15, immobilized microorganism ball, 16, pure water pipe, 17, water pump, 18, sparge pipe.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Describe, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the present invention rather than whole embodiments wholely.Based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is every other that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under not making creative work premise Embodiment, broadly falls into the scope of protection of the invention.
Embodiment, refers to figure, and the present invention provides a kind of technical scheme: the process pond of the soil of copper staining, including catchmenting Pond 1, collecting gutter 2, copper staining process well 5, immobilized microorganism ball 15, field generator for magnetic 14, water pump 17 and sparge pipe 18, collection Pond 1 connects a plurality of collecting gutter 2, and collecting gutter 2 is built at soil surface;
Copper staining processes well 5 and is followed successively by sand stone layer 6, artificial substratum layer 7 and immobilized microorganism layer 10, artificial substratum from top to bottom Layer 7 is made up of with limestone Vermiculitum, and throwing in immobilized microorganism layer 10 has immobilized microorganism ball 15, immobilized microorganism Ball 15 is made up with metallic nickel of activated sludge, activated carbon, mainly contains Lay and draw micrococcus luteus and human pallid bacillus in activated sludge, Activated sludge is sufficiently mixed by chemical agent according to the ratio of 5:2 with metallic nickel, then the mixing by activated sludge Yu metallic nickel Thing is made spherical by mould, then air-dries, then will air-dry after spherical mixture be placed among magnetic field, filter out inside and contain The spherical mixture of metallic nickel i.e. obtains immobilized microorganism ball 15;
Connecting the sand stone layer 6 having outlet pipe 4, outlet pipe 4 to connect copper staining process well 5 in collecting-tank 1, artificial substratum layer 7 is with solid Surely changing between microbial layer 10 and be provided with drainage screen 8, be provided with pure water pipe 16 in immobilized microorganism layer 10, pure water pipe 16 connects water pump 17, water pump 17 connects has sparge pipe 18, sparge pipe 18 to be evenly distributed on soil surface, the bottom of collecting gutter 2, the end of collecting-tank 1 Portion and side, the bottom of copper staining process well 5 and side are all equipped with impervious barrier 3;
Field generator for magnetic 14 includes spiral winding 11, transformator 12 and power supply 13, and spiral winding 11 is wrapped in the micro-life of immobilization The periphery of nitride layer 10, spiral winding 11 and transformator 12 Electricity Federation, transformator 12 and power supply 13 Electricity Federation, power supply 13 is by transformator 12 Control current intensity and the direction of spiral winding 11, thus control the size and Orientation in magnetic field, in immobilized microorganism layer 10 Defining a magnetic field, the action of a magnetic field, in immobilized microorganism layer 10, makes immobilized microorganism ball 15 suspend and and immobilization In microbial layer 10, sewage is sufficiently mixed.
Being provided with mud recovery tube 9 in immobilized microorganism layer 10, mud recovery tube 9 is used for collecting immobilized microorganism ball 15 and suspended sludge, then the immobilized microorganism ball 15 of recovery is decomposed and obtains metallic nickel, then by the suspended sludge reclaimed and Metallic nickel makes immobilized microorganism ball 15, the immobilized microorganism ball 15 then periodically will made the most again by chemical reagent Putting in immobilized microorganism layer 10, mud recovery tube 9 passes through pump by immobilized microorganism ball 15 sucking-off, it is achieved the micro-life of immobilization The recycling of thing ball 15.
Containing a large amount of copper in the waste gas of copper smelting plant discharge, the copper in waste gas runs into rainwater and is deposited to ground, and ground sets Having a plurality of collecting gutter 2, the current direction collecting-tank 2 of collecting gutter 2, collecting-tank 2, by wastewater collection, then drains into copper staining and processes well 5. Process the water after well 5 purifies by copper staining and spray in soil by water pump 12 and sparge pipe 13, the copper strips in soil is entered Collecting-tank 1, the water in collecting-tank 1 is when processing well 5 through copper staining, and copper is had good by the Vermiculitum in artificial substratum layer 7 Adsorption, and the copper in water is removed in the microorganism in activated sludge further, so can not only remove the copper in soil, and And achieve the recycling of water.
The above, the only present invention preferably detailed description of the invention, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, Any those familiar with the art in the technical scope that the invention discloses, according to technical scheme and In addition equivalent or change are conceived in improvement, all should contain within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. the process pond of the soil of copper staining, is characterized in that: include that collecting-tank, collecting gutter, copper staining process well, the micro-life of immobilization Thing ball, field generator for magnetic, water pump and sparge pipe, described collecting-tank connects a plurality of collecting gutter, and described collecting gutter is built at soil Surface, described copper staining processes well and is followed successively by sand stone layer, artificial substratum layer and immobilized microorganism layer from top to bottom;
Described artificial substratum layer is made up of with limestone Vermiculitum, and throwing in described immobilized microorganism layer has immobilized microorganism Ball, described immobilized microorganism ball is made up with metallic nickel of activated sludge, mainly contains Lay and draw microsphere in described activated sludge Bacterium and human pallid bacillus, activated sludge is sufficiently mixed by chemical agent according to the ratio of 5:2 with metallic nickel, then by activated sludge Made by mould spherical with the mixture of metallic nickel, then air-dry, then will air-dry after spherical mixture be placed among magnetic field, Filter out the internal spherical mixture containing metallic nickel and i.e. obtain described immobilized microorganism ball;
Connecting in described collecting-tank and have outlet pipe, described outlet pipe connects copper staining and processes the sand stone layer of well, described artificial substratum Being provided with drainage screen between layer and immobilized microorganism layer, be provided with pure water pipe in described immobilized microorganism layer, described pure water pipe is even Water pump, described water pump connects has sparge pipe, described sparge pipe to be evenly distributed on soil surface, the bottom of described collecting gutter, collection The bottom in pond and side, the bottom of copper staining process well and side are all equipped with impervious barrier;
Described field generator for magnetic includes that spiral winding, transformator and power supply, described spiral winding are wrapped in immobilized microorganism The periphery of layer, spiral winding and transformator Electricity Federation, transformator and power supply Electricity Federation, described power supply controls spiral winding by transformator Current intensity and direction, thus control the size and Orientation in magnetic field, immobilized microorganism layer define a magnetic field, magnetic Field action, in immobilized microorganism layer, makes immobilized microorganism ball suspend and the most mixed with sewage in immobilized microorganism layer Close.
The process pond of the soil of copper staining the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that: set in described immobilized microorganism layer Being equipped with mud recovery tube, described mud recovery tube is used for collecting immobilized microorganism ball and suspended sludge, then by consolidating of reclaiming Surely change the decomposition of microorganism ball and obtain metallic nickel, then suspended sludge and the metallic nickel of recovery are made by chemical reagent solid the most again Surely changing microorganism ball, then periodically put in immobilized microorganism layer by the immobilized microorganism ball made, described mud reclaims Pipe by pump by immobilized microorganism ball sucking-off, it is achieved the recycling of immobilized microorganism ball.
The process pond of the soil of copper staining the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described immobilized microorganism ball straight Footpath is 15-20mm.
CN201610609796.XA 2016-07-29 2016-07-29 The process pond of the soil of copper staining Withdrawn CN106216369A (en)

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CN201610609796.XA CN106216369A (en) 2016-07-29 2016-07-29 The process pond of the soil of copper staining

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610609796.XA CN106216369A (en) 2016-07-29 2016-07-29 The process pond of the soil of copper staining

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102225806A (en) * 2011-05-24 2011-10-26 合肥工业大学 Magnetic biological carrier and preparation method thereof
CN103008334A (en) * 2012-11-26 2013-04-03 中国地质大学(武汉) In-situ rainwater leaching repair system for contaminated soil
CN104098232A (en) * 2014-08-01 2014-10-15 谢众 Assembled aerobiotic and anaerobic artificial wetland system
CN104098231A (en) * 2014-08-01 2014-10-15 谢众 Immobilized microorganism constructed wetland system
CN105130087A (en) * 2015-09-28 2015-12-09 上海一途膜分离技术有限公司 Nano quantum dot adsorption and film separating system for removing heavy metal in water
CN105753171A (en) * 2016-02-29 2016-07-13 洪寅 Method for treating heavy metal wastewater

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102225806A (en) * 2011-05-24 2011-10-26 合肥工业大学 Magnetic biological carrier and preparation method thereof
CN103008334A (en) * 2012-11-26 2013-04-03 中国地质大学(武汉) In-situ rainwater leaching repair system for contaminated soil
CN104098232A (en) * 2014-08-01 2014-10-15 谢众 Assembled aerobiotic and anaerobic artificial wetland system
CN104098231A (en) * 2014-08-01 2014-10-15 谢众 Immobilized microorganism constructed wetland system
CN105130087A (en) * 2015-09-28 2015-12-09 上海一途膜分离技术有限公司 Nano quantum dot adsorption and film separating system for removing heavy metal in water
CN105753171A (en) * 2016-02-29 2016-07-13 洪寅 Method for treating heavy metal wastewater

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Application publication date: 20161214