CN106196628A - A kind of photo-thermal system - Google Patents

A kind of photo-thermal system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106196628A
CN106196628A CN201510230961.6A CN201510230961A CN106196628A CN 106196628 A CN106196628 A CN 106196628A CN 201510230961 A CN201510230961 A CN 201510230961A CN 106196628 A CN106196628 A CN 106196628A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
solar
controller
photovoltaic
thermal
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510230961.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨珉
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Jiashan Baohu Garments Co Ltd
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Jiashan Baohu Garments Co Ltd
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Application filed by Jiashan Baohu Garments Co Ltd filed Critical Jiashan Baohu Garments Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510230961.6A priority Critical patent/CN106196628A/en
Publication of CN106196628A publication Critical patent/CN106196628A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The present invention relates to Application of Solar Energy field, be installed on the photo-thermal system of one particularly to a kind of poly-solar energy photovoltaic generator and solar-powered heating.This photo-thermal system includes photovoltaic generating system, solar water heating system, water system and control system.Wherein photovoltaic generating system includes solar module, header box, photovoltaic controller, accumulator and off-network inverter;Solar water heating system includes solar thermal collector, attemperater and controller;Water system includes water pump, storage tank and level sensor;Control system includes controller.The electrical power storage that solar module produces, in accumulator, is converted to alternating current for the load in solar water heating system, water system, control system and user through off-network inverter.The present invention effectively realizes the integrated of solar energy power generating and photo-thermal, and photovoltaic generation is utilized by opto-thermal system, both provides cost savings, again energy-conserving and environment-protective, gives full play to the application potential of solar energy.

Description

A kind of photo-thermal system
Technical field
The present invention relates to Application of Solar Energy field, particularly to a kind of poly-solar energy photovoltaic generator and the sun Energy electro-heat equipment is in the photo-thermal system of one.
Background technology
Along with signaling for help repeatedly of the traditional fuel resource such as coal, oil, the use of non-renewable energy resources is to environment The harm caused increasingly sharpens, and energy problem is increasingly becoming the bottleneck of restriction international community economic development.In view of This kind of situation, countries in the world all in Devoting Major Efforts To Developing regenerative resource, as solar energy, biomass energy, wind energy, Water energy and geothermal energy etc., among these regenerative resources, solar energy as one inexhaustible, with no Exhaust, clean, free of contamination new forms of energy of great interest.Increasing country comes into effect " sun Light plan ", develop solar energy resources, seek the new power of economic development.
Widest two application of solar energy at present are solar photovoltaic generation system and solar energy hot systems, Photovoltaic generation is that solar energy is converted directly into the electric energy of cleaning, along with various countries by the photovoltaic effect utilizing quasiconductor Attention to photovoltaic generation, photovoltaic industry had obtained swift and violent development in recent years, and installed capacity is constantly Increase;Solar energy optical-thermal is then to be collected by solar radiant energy, converts light energy into heat energy and is used, Currently mainly apply at solar water heater and the big field of photo-thermal power generation two, China's solar energy optical-thermal row in recent years Industry is fast-developing, and along with the reduction of solar water heater cost, huge numbers of families just come into by water heater.
Solar water heater is converted into heat energy solar energy, and from low temperature, water is heated to high-temperature, with full Foot people hot water in life, production uses.The basic structure of solar water heater is all by full glass at present Glass vacuum heat collection pipe (or collecting plate), attemperater, support and related accessories composition, change solar energy Heat energy is become to rely primarily on glass heat-collecting vacuum tube.Thermal-collecting tube is high by sunlight shadow surface temperature, thermal-collecting tube opaco Temperature is low, and in managing, aquiform stool produces temperature difference reaction, utilizes the principle that hot water floating cold water sinks, makes water produce Microcirculation and reach required hot water.In order to meet or winter illumination overcast and rainy at continuous print more weak in the case of make With solar water heater, existing water heater is provided with the heating function of auxiliary, as utilized electric heater to add Heat, using civil power is its power supply.
Owing to solar energy can also be converted to electric energy by photovoltaic effect, if by solar water heater and the sun Can combine by photovoltaic generation, it will be possible to ensure that under any circumstance water heater can play its application Effect, make use of solar energy the most to greatest extent.Especially for some outlying districts, electric power and water resource All comparing shortage, the effect of solar water heater and photovoltaic generation use in conjunction will be more significant.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide the collection solar energy power generating dress of a kind of energy-conservation environmental protection again Putting and be installed on photo-thermal system integrally with solar-powered heating, this photo-thermal system is by photovoltaic generation and light Being thermally integrated is an entirety, needs the auxiliary electrical heater of function such as water heater of electricity consumption, water pump in opto-thermal system Run and wait the electric power produced by photovoltaic generating system to provide, give full play to the application potential of solar energy.
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, a kind of photo-thermal system, including photovoltaic generating system, solar heat Water system, water system and control system, it is characterised in that:
Described photovoltaic generating system includes solar module, header box, photovoltaic controller, accumulator And off-network inverter, the electric energy that wherein solar module produces passes sequentially through header box, photovoltaic controller Being stored in accumulator, unidirectional current produced by photovoltaic generating system is converted to alternating current and supplies by off-network inverter Load and user in solar water heating system, water system, control system use;
Described solar water heating system includes solar thermal collector, attemperater and temperature controller, temperature Controller is used for controlling the moisturizing of attemperater, heating and temperature;
Described water system includes that level sensor, water tank and water pump, described level sensor are arranged on water tank In, subsoil water is evacuated in water tank by described water pump, and by the height fall pair of water tank with described attemperater The latter stablizes moisturizing;
Described control system includes controller, and controller enters according to the signal of level sensor feedback in water tank The corresponding operation of row, when the water tank level is too low, the motor of controller feed pump sends instruction, automatically starts Water pump feed-tank moisturizing.
Furtherly, described off-network inverter is provided with mains electricity input end mouth, when accumulator electric-quantity is the most deficient During pressure, photovoltaic generating system will automatically switch to civil power powering load.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention is:
1, the present invention effectively realizes the integrated of solar energy power generating and photo-thermal, and photovoltaic generation is opto-thermal system Utilized, both provided cost savings, again energy-conserving and environment-protective, given full play to the application potential of solar energy.
2, the electric energy that in the present invention, photovoltaic generating system produces is except being supplied to opto-thermal system, it is also possible to be directly User uses, and plays the benefit that this system is maximum.
3, water system of the present invention is with subsoil water as water source, it is not necessary to tap water, simultaneously photovoltaic generating system energy Thering is provided system required electric power completely, therefore this photo-thermal system is very suitable for what hydroelectric facility lacked the most very much Outlying district.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structured flowchart of a kind of photo-thermal system of the present invention.
In figure: 1. photovoltaic generating system, 11. solar modules, 12. header boxs, 13. photovoltaics Controller, 14. accumulator, 15. off-network inverter, 2. solar water heating systems, 21. solar energy collection Hot device, 22. attemperaters, 23. temperature controllers, 3. water system, 31. water pumps, 32. water tanks, 33. level sensors, 4. control system, 41. controllers.
Detailed description of the invention
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
As it is shown in figure 1, a kind of photo-thermal system, including photovoltaic generating system 1, solar water heating system 2, water system 3 and control system 4;
Described photovoltaic generating system 1 includes solar module 11, header box 12, photovoltaic controller 13, accumulator 14 and off-network inverter 15, the electric energy that wherein solar module 11 produces passes sequentially through Header box 12, photovoltaic controller 13 are stored in accumulator 14, and off-network inverter 15 is by photovoltaic generation system Unidirectional current produced by system 1 is converted to alternating current for solar water heating system 2, water system 3, control system Load and user in system 4 use;
Described solar water heating system 2 includes that solar thermal collector 21, attemperater 22 and temperature control Instrument 23, temperature controller 23 is used for controlling the moisturizing of attemperater 22, heating and temperature;
Described water system 3 includes level sensor 33, water tank 32 and water pump 31, described level sensor 33 are arranged in water tank 32, and subsoil water is evacuated in water tank 32 by described water pump 31, and by water tank 32 With the height fall of described attemperater 22, the latter is stablized moisturizing;
Described control system 4 includes controller 41, and controller 41 is according to level sensor in water tank 32 The signal of 33 feedbacks operates accordingly, when water tank 32 water level is too low, and controller 41 feed pump 31 Motor send instruction, automatically start water pump 31 feed-tank 32 moisturizing.
It is provided with mains electricity input end mouth on described off-network inverter 15, when accumulator 14 electricity is the most under-voltage, Photovoltaic generating system 1 will automatically switch to civil power powering load.
The operation principle of a kind of photo-thermal system that the present invention describes is: illumination is stronger when, photovoltaic Accumulator is charged by the solar module in electricity generation system by photovoltaic controller, by electrical power storage in it In, when the load of solar water heating system, water system and control system or user need electricity consumption, then by from DC inverter is that sine wave alternating current is for load by net inverter;The sun in solar water heating system Heat collector solar energy can be converted into heat energy, water is heated, when water temperature reaches setting value, controller meeting Carrying out corresponding operating, in preventing water tank, water temperature raises further;Control system can be according to water tank in water system Whether the concrete condition of water level is to water tank moisturizing.When illumination is more weak or overcast and rainy, the water temperature of attemperater reaches Less than design temperature, electric heater auxiliary heating can be started by the system that arranges of controller, until it reaches set Fixed temperature.
The ultimate principle of the present invention and principal character and advantage thereof have more than been shown and described.The technology of the industry Personage, it should be appreciated that the present invention is not limited by above-mentioned implementing regulations, retouches in above-mentioned implementing regulations and description The principle being only intended to illustrate the present invention stated, on the premise of without departing from the principle of the invention and scope, this Bright also can have various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements broadly fall in scope of the claimed invention.
Claimed scope defines with appending claims and other equivalent.

Claims (2)

1. a photo-thermal system, including photovoltaic generating system (1), solar water heating system (2), Water system (3) and control system (4), it is characterised in that:
Described photovoltaic generating system (1) includes solar module (11), header box (12), light Volt controller (13), accumulator (14) and off-network inverter (15), wherein solar module (11) The electric energy produced passes sequentially through header box (12), photovoltaic controller (13) is stored in accumulator (14), Unidirectional current produced by photovoltaic generating system (1) is converted to alternating current for the sun by off-network inverter (15) Load and user in energy hot-water heating system (2), water system (3), control system (4) use;
Described solar water heating system (2) include solar thermal collector (21), attemperater (22) and Temperature controller (23), temperature controller (23) is used for controlling the moisturizing of attemperater (22), heating And temperature;
Described water system (3) includes level sensor (33), water tank (32) and water pump (31), institute Stating level sensor (33) to be arranged in water tank (32), subsoil water is evacuated to water tank by described water pump (31) (32) in, and by the height fall of water tank (32) with described attemperater (22), the latter is stably mended Water;
Described control system (4) includes controller (41), and controller (41) is according in water tank (32) The signal that level sensor (33) feeds back operates accordingly, when water tank (32) water level is too low, and control The motor of device processed (41) feed pump (31) sends instruction, automatically starts water pump (31) feed-tank (32) Moisturizing.
Photo-thermal system the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described off-network inverter (15) mains electricity input end mouth it is provided with on, when accumulator (14) electricity is the most under-voltage, photovoltaic generation system System (1) will automatically switch to civil power powering load.
CN201510230961.6A 2015-05-08 2015-05-08 A kind of photo-thermal system Pending CN106196628A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510230961.6A CN106196628A (en) 2015-05-08 2015-05-08 A kind of photo-thermal system

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CN106196628A true CN106196628A (en) 2016-12-07

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106026899A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-10-12 昆山诃德新能源科技有限公司 Receiver of concentrating solar photovoltaic and photo-thermal system
CN107199939A (en) * 2017-05-22 2017-09-26 六六房车有限公司 A kind of caravan power control system based on solar energy
CN108418293A (en) * 2018-03-14 2018-08-17 合肥飞吉信息技术有限公司 A kind of intelligence photo-thermal system and its thermal energy control system
CN110553411A (en) * 2019-09-11 2019-12-10 浙江正泰新能源开发有限公司 Cascade heat collection system and control method thereof
CN110912249A (en) * 2019-12-23 2020-03-24 泰州天晶光伏科技有限公司 Multifunctional control device for photovoltaic power generation

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090159076A1 (en) * 2007-11-30 2009-06-25 Ke Ting Zheng Solar energy saving system using gas and electricity as compensation
CN201844571U (en) * 2010-09-30 2011-05-25 山东科明太阳能光伏有限公司 Photoelectric and photo-thermal complementing sun light energy utilization system
CN202521586U (en) * 2012-04-12 2012-11-07 哈尔滨哈东新春锅炉有限公司 Solar intelligent control heating steam boiler water supply energy-saving device
CN205319995U (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-06-15 南通美能得新能源科技股份有限公司 Photovoltaic light and heat system

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090159076A1 (en) * 2007-11-30 2009-06-25 Ke Ting Zheng Solar energy saving system using gas and electricity as compensation
CN201844571U (en) * 2010-09-30 2011-05-25 山东科明太阳能光伏有限公司 Photoelectric and photo-thermal complementing sun light energy utilization system
CN202521586U (en) * 2012-04-12 2012-11-07 哈尔滨哈东新春锅炉有限公司 Solar intelligent control heating steam boiler water supply energy-saving device
CN205319995U (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-06-15 南通美能得新能源科技股份有限公司 Photovoltaic light and heat system

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106026899A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-10-12 昆山诃德新能源科技有限公司 Receiver of concentrating solar photovoltaic and photo-thermal system
CN107199939A (en) * 2017-05-22 2017-09-26 六六房车有限公司 A kind of caravan power control system based on solar energy
CN108418293A (en) * 2018-03-14 2018-08-17 合肥飞吉信息技术有限公司 A kind of intelligence photo-thermal system and its thermal energy control system
CN110553411A (en) * 2019-09-11 2019-12-10 浙江正泰新能源开发有限公司 Cascade heat collection system and control method thereof
CN110912249A (en) * 2019-12-23 2020-03-24 泰州天晶光伏科技有限公司 Multifunctional control device for photovoltaic power generation

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Application publication date: 20161207