CN106088439A - Along roadside, the method that lightly constructed and simply equipped building Emergency Vehicle Lane installs solar panel is set - Google Patents

Along roadside, the method that lightly constructed and simply equipped building Emergency Vehicle Lane installs solar panel is set Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106088439A
CN106088439A CN201610065317.2A CN201610065317A CN106088439A CN 106088439 A CN106088439 A CN 106088439A CN 201610065317 A CN201610065317 A CN 201610065317A CN 106088439 A CN106088439 A CN 106088439A
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China
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ridge
steelframe
steel
wall
herringbone
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张德玉
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Individual
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B7/00Roofs; Roof construction with regard to insulation
    • E04B7/02Roofs; Roof construction with regard to insulation with plane sloping surfaces, e.g. saddle roofs
    • E04B7/022Roofs; Roof construction with regard to insulation with plane sloping surfaces, e.g. saddle roofs consisting of a plurality of parallel similar trusses or portal frames
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRARED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/20Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object
    • H02S20/22Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object specially adapted for buildings
    • H02S20/23Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object specially adapted for buildings specially adapted for roof structures
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B2001/2487Portico type structures
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B2001/249Structures with a sloping roof
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The present invention is a kind of arranges the method that lightly constructed and simply equipped building Emergency Vehicle Lane installs solar panel along roadside, belongs to the sciemtifec and technical sphere of solar energy power generating." this method " is to utilize the ridge herringbone steelframe on lightly constructed and simply equipped building room lid to install solar panel, and solar panel is regarded the cover plate of room lid.One block ridge herringbone steelframe contains left fan, middle fan, right wing, often fan and divide ridge first half fan and the later half fan of ridge, every half fan steelframe all installs two pieces, install 12 pieces altogether for one group 6 meters long, it is that ridge forward and backward slope steelframe respectively installs 1 piece that group is connected with group, it is two pieces altogether, comes to 7 meters long and amount to 14 pieces of solar panels of installation.The substantive distinguishing features of " this method " is: is not take up land area, only takes up solid space, it is provided that the place installing solar panel of abundance, solve a difficult problem current, that China's centralized large-scale grid-connected photovoltaic power station floor space of grid-connected photovoltaic power generation system construction is big, photovoltaic arrays support can be replaced with ridge herringbone steelframe;Can the photovoltaic arrays support in substitutional theorem formula photovoltaic generating system basic equipment completely.

Description

Along roadside, the method that lightly constructed and simply equipped building Emergency Vehicle Lane installs solar panel is set
Art
The present invention relates to a kind of method that lightly constructed and simply equipped building Emergency Vehicle Lane installation solar panel is set along roadside, belong to The science and technology field of solar energy power generating.
Background technology
Solar energy power generating is according to photovoltaic effect principle, utilizes solar cell to be converted into by solar energy Electric energy.Whether independent use is still generated electricity by way of merging two or more grid systems, and photovoltaic generating system is mainly by solar panel (assembly), controller and inverse Becoming device three parts composition, they are mainly made up of electronic devices and components, are not related to mechanical part, so, photovoltaic power generation equipment pole For refine, reliable and stable life-span length, installation easy maintenance.Theoretically, photovoltaic power generation technology may be used for any needing power supply Occasion, up to spacecraft, down to domestic power supply, big to MW class power station, little to toy, photo-voltaic power supply can be ubiquitous.
Regenerative resource has all been invested sight in the whole world, it is desirable to regenerative resource can change the energy resource structure of the mankind, Maintain long-range sustainable development.Among this, solar energy becomes the focus that people pay attention to its exclusive advantage.Enrich too Sun radiation can be the important energy, is the energy that can freely utilize of inexhaustible, nexhaustible, pollution-free, cheap, the mankind Source.Solar energy arrives the energy on ground each second and is up to 800,000 kilowatts, if the solar energy of earth surface 0.1% is transferred to electricity Can, number turnover 5%, every annual electricity generating capacity, up to 5.6 × 1012 kilowatt-hours, is equivalent to 40 times of energy consumption in the world.
Photovoltaic generation is fast-developing the most in the world, has built up more than 10 MW class photovoltaic generation system System, the networking photovoltaic plant of 6 MW class.The U.S. is the country of the development plan formulating photovoltaic generation the earliest.Within 1997, carry again Go out " million roofs " plan.Japan starts new sunlight program in 1992, produces to Japanese photovoltaic module in 2003 and accounts for the world 50%, before the world, 10 large manufacturers have 4 in Japan.And the new Renewable Energy Law of Germany defines photovoltaic generation rate for incorporation into the power network, greatly Promote greatly photovoltaic market and industry development, made Germany become the country that world's photovoltaic generation is with fastest developing speed after Japan.Auspicious The states such as scholar, France, Italy, Spain, Finland, the most one after another formulate photovoltaic development plan, and throw huge fund carry on technical development and Accelerate process of industrialization.
China's solar energy resources is the abundantest, and theoretical reserves reach annual 1700000000000 tons of standard coals.Solar energy resources exploitation profit Potentiality boundless.China's photovoltaic generation industry starts to walk in 20 century 70s, when the mid-90 enters stable development Phase.Solar cell and module production increase the most steadily.Through the effort of more than 30 years, welcome the new stage of fast development. Under the pulling effectively of the national projects such as " bright engineering " pilot projects and " every township will have electricity " engineering and world's photovoltaic market, China Photovoltaic generation industry fast development.
To the end of the year in 2007, the accumulative installed capacity of whole nation photovoltaic system reached 100,000 kilowatts (100MW), is engaged in solar energy The enterprise of battery production reaches more than 50 families, and manufacture of solar cells ability reaches 2,900,000 kilowatts (2900MW), solaode year Yield reaches 1188MW, exceedes Japan and Europe, and the most tentatively sets up that to produce photovoltaic system construction etc. from raw material multiple The complete industrial chain of link composition, particularly polycrystalline silicon material produce and achieve major progress, breach annual output kiloton high point, punching Having broken the 'bottleneck' restrictions that solaode raw material produces, the large-scale development for China's photovoltaic generation is laid a good foundation.2007 Fast-developing 1 year of Nian Shi China solar photovoltaic industry.Benefit from the long-term favourable of solar energy industry, whole photovoltaic industry Occur in that the unprecedented investment tide.
" 12 " China in period increases solar photovoltaic power plant installed capacity about 10,000,000 kilowatts, solar light-heat power-generation newly Installed capacity 1,000,000 kilowatts, distributed photovoltaic power generation system about 10,000,000 kilowatts, photovoltaic plant investment is by averagely every kilowatt 10,000 Unit's measuring and calculating, distributed photovoltaic system presses 1.5 ten thousand yuan every kilowatt measuring and calculating, gross investment demand about 250,000,000,000 yuan.
Although China is solar product manufactures big country, but China's solar product is served only for outlet.When 2010, Global solar photovoltaic cell annual production 16000000 kilowatts, wherein China's annual production 10000000 kilowatts.And by 2010, whole world light Volt generating total installation of generating capacity is more than 40,000,000 kilowatts, and main application market is in Germany, Spain, Japan, Italy, and it is Sino-German State's adding new capacity in 2010 7000000 kilowatts.
But, China's solar energy resources is the abundantest, the area of suitable solar electrical energy generation and building light-receiving area The biggest, wherein, the solar energy resources such as Qinghai-Tibet Platean, loess plateau, North Hebei, Nei Mongol Plateau enriches area and accounts for land 2/3rds of area, have the resource potential large-scale developing and utilizing solar energy.
Solar energy resources is abundant, widely distributed, is 21 century the most potential regenerative resource.Along with global energy Shortage and the problem such as environmental pollution become increasingly conspicuous, and solar energy power generating, because of its cleaning, the feature such as safe and convenient, efficient, becomes For countries in the world common concern and the new industry given priority to.In this context, whole world photovoltaic generation industry increases swift and violent, produces Industry scale constantly expands, product cost continuous decrease.China's photovoltaic generation industry is also developed rapidly, it has also become China is number Few, the industry that takes part in international competition and be expected to reach the international leading level can be synchronized.
According to " planning of regenerative resource Long-and Medium-term Development ", to the year two thousand twenty, China strives making solar electrical energy generation installed capacity Reach 1.8GW (gigawatt), be up to 600GW (gigawatt) to the year two thousand fifty.It is expected that to the year two thousand fifty, China's renewable energy The electric power installation in source will account for the 25% of whole nation electric power installation, and wherein photovoltaic generation installation will account for 5%.The following more than ten years, China is too The compound growth rate of sun energy installed capacity will be up to more than 25%.
Solar energy power generating can occupy the important seat of world energy sources consumption in the near future, not only wants Substitute For Partial Conventional energy resource, and the main body of world energy supplies will be become.Expecting the year two thousand thirty, regenerative resource will in total energy structure Account for more than 30%, and the accounting that solar energy power generating is in world's total electricity supply is also up to more than 10%;To 2040 Year, regenerative resource will account for more than the 50% of total energy consumption, and solar energy power generating will account for more than the 20% of total electricity;To 21 century End, regenerative resource will account for more than 80% in energy resource structure, and solar electrical energy generation will account for more than 60%.These numerals be enough to Demonstrate the development prospect of solar photovoltaic industry and in the important strategic position of energy field.
Summary of the invention
The method that lightly constructed and simply equipped building Emergency Vehicle Lane installs solar panel is set along roadside, is China's photovoltaic generation scale Change, effective shortcut of fast development
The purpose of the present invention: for enabling China's photovoltaic generation industry to advance by leaps and bounds, long-range, sustainable development, in advance Overfulfiling " planning of regenerative resource Long-and Medium-term Development ", " to the year two thousand twenty, China strives making solar electrical energy generation installed capacity reach 1.8GW (gigawatt), is up to 600GW (gigawatt), planning tasks to the year two thousand fifty ".In order to realize " two 100, China Year " the objective of the struggle, the Chinese dream brought about a great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation early, national people to go all out to make the country strong, make joint efforts, want 10 years in advance, i.e. to the year two thousand forty, China's solar electrical energy generation installed capacity is made to reach the goal task of 600GW (gigawatt), and China is made to become the country that whole world solar electrical energy generation installed capacity is most.To this end, my innovation and creation are designed: along roadside The method that lightly constructed and simply equipped building Emergency Vehicle Lane installs solar panel is set, it solves and be not take up land area, provide in a large number The place installing solar panel is set, for scale, the swift and violent development of China's photovoltaic generation, hew out one brand-new Effective shortcut, thus reach to pull China's Economic Energy rapid development development, simultaneously, also can make to strive on my circle to make for country bigger The purpose of contribution dream.
At present, the actual state of China's existing highway Emergency Vehicle Lane:
Highway refers to common road and highway, also includes the bus major trunk roads in each big or middle city, the whole nation, with And ring road.
It is provided with Emergency Vehicle Lane on existing highway both sides, is the both sides being located at highway pavement, in the close sub-side of Road edge, have The distance of respective width, delimiting out is Emergency Vehicle Lane, and on the Emergency Vehicle Lane delimited, then mark wider white thick stick line as answering The labelling of anxious car dedicated Lanes.Emergency Vehicle Lane is the dedicated Lanes travelled for 120 ambulances, fire fighting truck, police car.Emergency Vehicle Lane has When be exactly life passage.Beyond ambulance, fire fighting truck, police car, and the most special open to traffic, other vehicle It is prohibited from passing through, and requires that other vehicle is inaccurate and cross over white thick stick line, more forbidden to take Emergency Vehicle Lane.
At present, each big or middle city that China is densely populated, compare the most crowded, on certain road on road rush hour on and off duty There is traffic jam, is each city " frequently-occurring disease " and " commonly encountered diseases " in section.If block up serious, lorry, truck, tank car, Crossing is forked, all cannot get through by minibus, taxi, private car, motorcycle, electric motor car, bicycle, various vehicle.Especially It is the intersection of vehicle at the parting of the ways, occurs traffic congestion even more serious, the vehicle that Emergency Vehicle Lane on highway limit is the most blocked Tie up, Emergency Vehicle Lane is blocked.People the most by bike, walks one's bicycle with hands and goes ahead, it is also difficult to pass through, and Zhen Shiwu road can Walk.When blocking up serious, the various vehicles of the highway blocking of four direction line up, and look at a glance and all can't see head, at this moment Have several traffic police to carry out traffic dispersion simultaneously, the most all obtain 2~within 3 hours, could recover normal, at the soonest 1~2 hour, Can recover normally to be open to traffic.If there is heavy congestion in certain section, Emergency Vehicle Lane has been tied up when blocking obstructed by the vehicle of blocking, If now, having great fire incident to occur, fire fighting truck can not pass through in time;If now, terrorist commit a crime, public Pacify, People's Armed Police's just vehicular police's car is launched an attack in time, is also to pass through in this section;If now, there being a critical patient just taking advantage of one 120 ambulances are rushed for hospital and are rescued, and are also to pass through in this section.Can be seen that Emergency Vehicle Lane is not from three above example Can keep unblocked, there is the most serious potential safety hazard, make to national security and life property safety of people Become serious harm.
The Emergency Vehicle Lane delimited in view of existing highway also exists serious potential safety hazard, makes what we regained consciousness to recognize existing There is the Emergency Vehicle Lane that roadside is provided with, it is necessary to the urgency improved and necessity.
The Emergency Vehicle Lane delimiting highway in China improves the concrete behave taked:
The Emergency Vehicle Lane delimited on existing highway both sides, is improved to lightly constructed and simply equipped building Emergency Vehicle Lane.The technical measures taked are: will The Emergency Vehicle Lane that existing highway both sides delimited out, utilize the body of wall of newly-installed lightly constructed and simply equipped building by Emergency Vehicle Lane and other track every Leaving, lightly constructed and simply equipped building is along the direction of highway building, and lightly constructed and simply equipped building is provided with above wall and wall below, and lightly constructed and simply equipped building two ends do not have mountain Wall, is uncovered being substituted by arched door, and fire fighting truck, ambulance, police car are in lightly constructed and simply equipped building, before emergent in the middle of wall and wall below Travel on car designated lane.
The shape of lightly constructed and simply equipped building Emergency Vehicle Lane and structure:
The lightly constructed and simply equipped building of lightly constructed and simply equipped building Emergency Vehicle Lane, except lightly constructed and simply equipped building height of a house height is different, in addition to the width difference of lightly constructed and simply equipped building, remaining It is all identical.Before lightly constructed and simply equipped building, wall is identical with shape and the structure of wall below, and the concrete size of body of wall is also Essentially identical, and on the basis of the width center line of lightly constructed and simply equipped building, before lightly constructed and simply equipped building, wall and lightly constructed and simply equipped building wall below is all symmetry Shape.The left and right two ends of lightly constructed and simply equipped building do not have gable, and the position of gable is substituted by arched door, and lightly constructed and simply equipped building Emergency Vehicle Lane essence is just It it is arch door shape passage.
The method that lightly constructed and simply equipped building Emergency Vehicle Lane installs solar panel will be set along roadside;Hereinafter referred to as: " we Method ".
The solar panel (assembly) that " this method " is selected, has a two types: a kind of is the length of solar panel Narrower compared with length and width degree;Another kind is that the length of solar panel is shorter, wider width.No matter selecting which kind of solaode Plate (assembly), it is necessary to meet " distributed photovoltaic power generation project management Tentative Measures " " Article 18 distributed photovoltaic power generation item Photovoltaic cell component that mesh uses, the equipment such as inverter should by meeting the detection certification of the certification and accreditation mechanism of national regulation, Meet the relevant technology requirement accessing electrical network.”
Lightly constructed and simply equipped building ridge herringbone steelframe is arranged installation solar panel (assembly), be divided into be transversely mounted with vertically Installation two ways:
The mode installing solar panel (assembly), horizontally set, is a length of benchmark with solar panel, It is to be configured, along the length direction of lightly constructed and simply equipped building, the mode installed;
To solar panel (assembly), the mode of vertically arranged installation, it is a length of benchmark with solar panel, It it is the width of the lightly constructed and simply equipped building sidewards mode that is configured installing.
The ridge drift angle of lightly constructed and simply equipped building ridge room lid is further described:
The difference in height of gradient slope terminal and the ratio of horizontal range.
Abrupt slope and the big ground of horizontal plane angulation, the slope that the gradient is big.
The ridge room lid of lightly constructed and simply equipped building is combined and installed together is constituted by ridge herringbone steelframe and solar panel, The size of ridge drift angle is on the impact of lightly constructed and simply equipped building structure and change: the size of ridge drift angle is directly connected to ridge herringbone steelframe The size of the gradient, and ridge herringbone steelframe is flat slope or abrupt slope.
The territory of China is vast, the climate difference of south and north is very big, and such as: the winter in northeast is the world of ice and snow, room lid is all Covered by heavy snow.And for example: the winter in Hainan Province remains as warm as spring, only rain, do not snow.
The ridge drift angle of lightly constructed and simply equipped building ridge room lid is two inclined-planes, ridge top angular bisector by ridge herringbone steelframe from Centre is divided into two inclined-planes, is i.e. front bevel and back bevel.The angle of ridge drift angle is the biggest, the gradient of front bevel and back bevel more Width little, lightly constructed and simply equipped building is the widest.The angle of ridge drift angle is the least, front bevel is the biggest, the steepest with the gradient of back bevel, lightly constructed and simply equipped building Width is the narrowest.The ridge drift angle of general ridge herringbone steelframe is between 90 °~120 °, the situation in district in all parts of the country is different, Difference is relatively big, answers treatment in accordance with local conditions to be designed at simple building crestal culmination angle, can be less than 90 °, it is also possible to more than 120 °.
Before lightly constructed and simply equipped building, wall and wall below are two planes being parallel to each other, before wall and wall below vertical dimension, Being i.e. the width of lightly constructed and simply equipped building, the width center line of lightly constructed and simply equipped building and the extended line of simple building crestal culmination angular bisector coincide, and and water Horizontal line is perpendicular, forms two right angles.The front bevel of lightly constructed and simply equipped building ridge herringbone steelframe and back bevel are and solar panel (assembly), the upper transverse plane after combination installation, is i.e. solar radiation face.The surrounding outward flange of Solar panel backside and the sun Can cell panel upper surface be parallel plane, the back side be combined and installed together with back bevel with ridge herringbone steelframe front bevel, and With bolt plus fastening.Really solar panel is utilized as the cover plate of ridge room lid.
The sun comes up in the east, if the solar ray energy in the morning is irradiated to the front bevel of ridge room lid;The sunlight of noon is just Can direct projection to the front bevel of ridge room lid and back bevel;The solar ray energy of the lower period of the day from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m is irradiated to the back bevel of ridge room lid;The sun by Land in west.
The lightly constructed and simply equipped building of lightly constructed and simply equipped building Emergency Vehicle Lane is divided into upper, middle, and lower part: one, top is ridge room cover, two, in Portion is body of wall standpipe leg portion, three, bottom be body of wall and foundations part.
One, the shape of lightly constructed and simply equipped building ridge room cover and structure:
Lightly constructed and simply equipped building ridge room lid is to be assembled together with the combination of several auxiliaries by three main parts and constitute, and 1. main part is ridge Arch girder steel, main part be 2. ridge herringbone steelframe, main part be 3. solar panel (assembly).
1. ridge arch girder steel: the ridge arch supporting member that it is horizontally oriented, is the width along lightly constructed and simply equipped building Frame is square at above wall and wall below or girder steel on rectangle standpipe pillar, and it is made with thicker steel plate is machined , upper end is herringbone ridge and ridge drift angle, and ridge top angular bisector, is i.e. the center line of ridge arch girder steel, ridge top Extended line and the lightly constructed and simply equipped building width center line of bisector coincide.The lower end of ridge arch girder steel is arch, at two ends, arch left and right Be respectively provided with and plug that square or rectangle standpipe pillar connects, and on plug, be respectively provided with the through hole of two respective aperture, standby with Auxiliary plug angle bar corresponding matching connects.In the ridge drift angle of the ridge arch girder steel top below, in the middle of arch, it is provided with one Individual bigger semi-circular through hole, it is that pre-available is through electric wire, cable and the passage of pillar thereof.In ridge arch girder steel lower end The centre of thickness leptoprosopy, is provided with blind screw hole (i.e.: bore bottom outlet, tapping) preparation and the band steel auxiliary pair of several M5 or M6 Should link together, then, again with arch corresponding the linking together of coloured silk steel sheet, make lightly constructed and simply equipped building formed arch door shape passage.Room The ridge drift angle of ridge arch girder steel is identical with the ridge drift angle of ridge herringbone steelframe, after ridge first half fan steelframe and ridge Two hypotenuses at half fan two ends, steelframe left and right are provided with the through hole of respective numbers, respective aperture, are all ridge arch girder steel people from upper end Font ridge is provided with the mating holes of respective through hole, with ridge arch girder steel combination peace after being processed by ridge herringbone steelframe After installing to together, fastened with the bolt of respective numbers, respective diameters.
The shape of ridge arch girder steel and structure, such as: Fig. 4 schematic front view and Fig. 5 elevational schematic view and the signal of Fig. 6 left view Shown in figure.
Ridge arch girder steel lower end is arch, is provided with several internal thread holes, a ridge in the middle of arch thickness leptoprosopy The lower end of arch girder steel is designed with one 2~3 millimeters thick, 50~60 band steel auxiliaries of mm wide, and it is right with arch circular arc line The shape that should coordinate, and and several internal thread holes be the counterbore of flat head screw of corresponding cooperation, by corresponding aperture, phase The flat head screw combination answering quantity is mounted together.
Ridge arch girder steel lower end is provided with shape and the structure of an arch band steel auxiliary, such as: Figure 17 schematic front view with Shown in Figure 18 left view schematic diagram.
The band steel auxiliary that ridge arch girder steel lower end is provided with, is for the some pieces of arch coloured silk steel sheets with corresponding size, right Should link together.Note: color steel sheet does not draws part drawing.
2. ridge herringbone steelframe: it is the main support of ridge room lid, ridge herringbone steelframe is to use dimension The machined frame unit made with welding processing of metal angle, it is to be provided with for solar panel (assembly), the back side The auxiliary equipment being combined and installed together with ridge herringbone steelframe with bolt.The shape of ridge herringbone steelframe and structure, with And relevant concrete size, it is necessary to meet and solar panel is arranged installation needs for standard.
Now by the solar panel (assembly) narrower compared with length and width degree by length, carry out being transversely mounted mode as a example by, to phase The shape of ridge herringbone steelframe that should be supporting and structure, be further described:
Example I, assume: 3. the length of solar panel (assembly) be 2 meters, width be 1 meter, four, the back side is provided with phase at angle Answer the internal thread hole in aperture, be to use silk to (i.e.: two ends are all to carry externally threaded screw rod) with the combination of ridge herringbone steelframe even Connect, the internal thread hole at four angles, be all to be symmetrical arranged on the basis of the center line of width by the center line of length, it is assumed that: length direction The centre-to-centre spacing of two internal thread holes be 1.6 meters, length direction two ends, from the internal thread hole center of circle to solar panel outer edge Distance be respectively 0.2 meter, it is assumed that: the centre-to-centre spacing of two internal thread holes of width is 0.8 meter, width two ends, from interior spiral shell The pit center of circle is respectively 0.1 meter to the distance of solar panel outer edge.Assuming that: ridge herringbone steelframe is with equilateral 60 × 60 The angle steel of millimeter is processed into, and the ridge drift angle bisector of ridge herringbone steelframe is the center line of ridge herringbone steelframe, from Ridge herringbone steelframe midline is segmented into ridge front bevel and ridge back bevel, if the ridge front bevel water after separating Placing flat, is i.e. ridge front bevel square frame-shaped steelframe upward;If the ridge back bevel horizontal positioned after also separating, it is i.e. Ridge retreads supine square frame-shaped steelframe;The upper surface of square frame-shaped steelframe is entirely plane and be in approximately the same plane On.Square frame-shaped steelframe is by two hypotenuses at two ends, left and right, and the length of hypotenuse is 2 meters, and the width of hypotenuse is 0.06 meter, in width Line is 0.03 meter to the distance of width outer edge, and square frame-shaped steelframe arranges two pieces of solaodes of installation on the hypotenuse of two, left and right Plate, length is 2 meters, the long limit of solar panel housing is the length direction along lightly constructed and simply equipped building, and the width of a piece is 1 meter, is Arrange and be arranged on two hypotenuses at two ends, left and right, if the length of square frame-shaped steelframe is 1.66 meters, the thickness of two hypotenuse angle steel Being 5 millimeters, the thickness sum at two ends is 10 millimeters, then the angle steel that intercepted length is 1.65 meters of 4 same sizes, by 4 angle steel Two ends carries out machining, makes the angle steel two ends shape that coordinate welding corresponding with two ends, left and right hypotenuse angle steel, will wherein 1 angle steel two hypotenuse ridge drift angles of outer edge and two ends, left and right summit alignment, location after weld;To be the most another Weld behind the outer edge alignment of two hypotenuse lower ends of outer edge and two ends, left and right of 1 angle steel, location;By two therein Angle steel combines formation T-shape, and upper end is the plane of two width of angle steel, by these two angle steel and two, two ends, left and right The center line of hypotenuse length aligns, position after weld;Two, two ends, left and right hypotenuse and 4 angle steel be not only mutually perpendicular to, but also mutual After parallel carrying out is welded, constituting square frame-shaped steelframe, the upper surface of steelframe must maintain an equal level, and is in approximately the same plane.Left The ridge back bevel square frame-shaped steelframe of fan is identical with the ridge front bevel square frame-shaped steelframe of left fan, the feature that they are common It is: first piece is respectively the position that 4 internal thread holes are corresponding with second piece of Solar panel backside length two ends, all at square frame-shaped On the center line of two hypotenuse widths in two ends, steelframe left and right, according to the accurate location determined on square frame-shaped steelframe, processing gets out phase After answering 8 through holes in aperture, it it is i.e. the ridge front bevel square frame-shaped steelframe of a left fan.
Ridge front bevel square frame-shaped steelframe is renamed as: ridge first half fan steelframe;Ridge back bevel square frame-shaped steelframe is changed It is referred to as: ridge later half fan steelframe.The shape of ridge later half fan steelframe and structure and ridge first half fan steelframe shape with constructed Exactly the same.By ridge first half fan steelframe and ridge later half fan steelframe, it is arranged on one with the combination of two ends, left and right ridge arch girder steel again After Qiing, become the most left fan ridge herringbone steelframe.
The shape of left fan ridge first half fan steelframe and structure, as: shown in Fig. 7 schematic front view and Fig. 8 left view schematic diagram.
2. ridge herringbone steelframe is by left fan, middle fan, right wing, and three fan ridge herringbone steelframes are combined and installed together Time, it is referred to as: a block ridge herringbone steelframe.One group has 3 ridge first half fan steelframes, and left fan ridge first half fan steelframe arranges installation Be first piece with second piece of solar panel;Middle fan ridge first half fan steelframe installation is set be the 3rd piece with the 4th piece too Sun can cell panel;What right wing ridge first half fan steelframe arranged installation is the 5th piece and the 6th piece of solar panel;One group has 3 Ridge later half fan steelframe, what left fan ridge later half fan steelframe arranged installation is the 7th piece and the 8th piece of solar panel;Middle fan What ridge later half fan steelframe arranged installation is the 9th piece and the tenth piece of solar panel;Right wing ridge later half fan steelframe arranges peace Dress is the 11st piece and the 12nd piece of solar panel;One block ridge herringbone steelframe total length is 6 meters, can arrange altogether 2 meters long, 1 meter of wide 12 piece solar panel (assembly) are installed.
Middle fan ridge herringbone steelframe and left fan and right wing ridge herringbone steelframe differ part a following aspect:
One block ridge herringbone steelframe arranges the most altogether four ridge arch girder steels of installation, first ridge arch Girder steel and second ridge arch girder steel sandwich are left fan ridge herringbone steelframes;3rd ridge arch girder steel and Four ridge arch girder steel sandwich are right wing ridge herringbone steelframes;Second ridge arch girder steel and the 3rd ridge Arch girder steel sandwich is middle fan ridge herringbone steelframe;Second ridge arch girder steel is left fan ridge herringbone steelframe With the common beam of middle fan ridge herringbone steelframe, the 3rd ridge arch girder steel is right wing ridge herringbone steelframe and middle fan ridge The common beam of herringbone steelframe.Assuming that: the thickness of ridge arch girder steel is determined it is 0.02 meter, left fan ridge herringbone steelframe Length is 1.66 meters, if after a ridge arch girder steel is respectively installed at two ends, left fan ridge herringbone steelframe left and right, and left fan The total length of ridge herringbone steelframe is 1.7 meters, if 2 meters of long solar panels and left fan ridge herringbone steelframe installed After together, two ends, left and right are respectively arranged with the eaves limit of 0.15 meter.The total length of middle fan ridge herringbone steelframe is 2.3 meters, before middle fan ridge Half fan steelframe is installed the 3rd piece and is remained 1.66 meters with the length of the 4th piece of solar panel, and two ends, left and right respectively extend 0.32 Rice, 1.66+0.64=2.3 rice.Two hypotenuses at middle fan ridge first half fan two ends, steelframe left and right and the ridge arch steel at two ends Beam correspondence connects, and the length of two hypotenuses is 2 meters, and the width of hypotenuse is 0.06 meter, and the thickness of hypotenuse angle steel is 5 millimeters, two Thickness sum is 10 millimeters, then the angle steel that intercepted length is 2.29 meters of 4 same sizes, and 4 angle steel two ends are carried out machinery Processing, makes the angle steel two ends shape that coordinate welding corresponding with two ends, left and right hypotenuse angle steel, by outside an angle steel therein Weld behind the summit alignment of two the hypotenuse ridge drift angles in sideline and two ends, left and right, location;By another root angle steel therein Weld behind the outer edge alignment of two hypotenuse lower ends of outer edge and two ends, left and right, location;Two angle steel therein are merged Forming T-shape, upper end is the plane of two width of angle steel together, by these two angle steel and two, two ends, left and right hypotenuse length Center line align, position after weld;Two, two ends, left and right hypotenuse and 4 angle steel be not only mutually perpendicular to, but also entering of being parallel to each other After row welding, constituting long square frame-shaped steelframe, the upper surface of steelframe must maintain an equal level, and is in approximately the same plane, then, then cuts Take 4 angle clips of corresponding length, and the two ends of 4 angle clips is carried out machining, make angle steel two ends and long square frame The corresponding shape coordinating welding of angle steel of shaped steel frame, the upper surface width center line of 4 angle clips, distinguish and long square frame-shaped steel Frame welds, and is during welding on the basis of the length center line of long square frame-shaped steelframe, and intercepting 0.8 meter the most to the left and right sides is vertical, flat Row distance, i.e.: the centre-to-centre spacing of two internal thread holes of Solar panel backside length direction, intersects on long square frame-shaped steelframe Point, the line of 4 points in two ends is i.e. the width center line of 4 angle clip upper surfaces, respectively successively by 4 angle clips with rectangular Shaped as frame steelframe relevant position aligns, position after weld, form one intactly after middle fan ridge first half fan steelframe, then with 4 On the basis of the upper surface width center line of root angle clip, it is starting point from the outer edge of long square frame-shaped steelframe upper end, each at the right and left Intercept the point that the distance of 0.1 meter intersects with width center line, be i.e. first internal thread hole of the 3rd piece of Solar panel backside The center of circle, on the basis of first center of circle, on width center line, respectively intercept the point that the distance of 0.8 meter intersects with width center line, It is i.e. the center of circle of second internal thread hole of the 3rd piece of Solar panel backside, then on the basis of second center of circle, at width On center line, then the point that the distance respectively intercepting 0.2 meter intersects with width center line, it is i.e. the 3rd of the 4th piece of Solar panel backside the The center of circle of individual internal thread hole, on the basis of the 3rd center of circle, on width center line, respectively intercepts in distance and the width of 0.8 meter The point that line intersects, is i.e. the center of circle of the 4th internal thread hole of the 4th piece of Solar panel backside, with the 4th center of circle as base Standard, on width center line, then the point that the distance respectively intercepting 0.1 meter intersects with width center line, it is i.e. the 4th piece of solar panel The outer edge of lower end, is also the outer edge of long square frame-shaped steelframe lower end, determines 8 respective aperture and lead on long square frame-shaped steelframe After hole site, after Drilling operation, i.e.: one fully middle fan ridge first half fan steelframe.Middle fan ridge later half fan steelframe Shape and structure, and relevant concrete size, all identical with middle fan ridge first half fan steelframe.By middle fan ridge first half Fan steelframe fan later half with middle fan ridge steelframe and second ridge arch girder steel and the 3rd ridge arch girder steel combination are installed to After together, i.e.: middle fan ridge herringbone steelframe.
The shape of middle fan ridge first half fan steelframe and structure, as: shown in Fig. 9 schematic front view and Figure 10 left view schematic diagram.
Now by, the solar panel (assembly) of wider width shorter by length, carry out vertical mounting means as a example by, to phase The shape of ridge herringbone steelframe that should be supporting and structure further instruction:
Example II, assume: 3. the length of solar panel (assembly) be 1.75 meters, width be 1 meter, four, the back side sets at angle There is the internal thread hole of respective aperture, be to use silk to (i.e.: two ends are all to carry externally threaded screw rod) and ridge herringbone steelframe group Closing and connect, the internal thread hole at four angles, is all to be symmetrical arranged on the basis of width center line by the center line of length, it is assumed that: length side To the centre-to-centre spacing of two internal thread holes be 1.5 meters, length direction two ends, outside the internal thread hole center of circle to solar panel The distance of line is respectively 0.125 meter, it is assumed that: the centre-to-centre spacing of two internal thread holes of width is 0.8 meter, width two ends, from The internal thread hole center of circle is respectively 0.1 meter to the distance of solar panel outer edge.Assuming that: ridge herringbone steelframe is with equilateral 60 The angle steel of × 60 millimeters is processed into, in the ridge drift angle bisector ridge herringbone steelframe of ridge herringbone steelframe Line, is segmented into ridge front bevel and ridge back bevel from ridge herringbone steelframe midline, if before the ridge after separating Slope level is placed, and is i.e. ridge front bevel square frame-shaped steelframe upward;If the ridge back bevel level after also separating is put Put, be i.e. that ridge retreads supine square frame-shaped steelframe;The upper surface of square frame-shaped steelframe is smooth plane and is same In individual plane, two ends, square frame-shaped steelframe left and right are respectively hypotenuses of ridge drift angle, and the length of hypotenuse is 1.75 meters, two, left and right Hypotenuse width center line is respectively 0.03 meter to the distance of outer edge, respectively arranges one piece of solaode of installation on the hypotenuse of two, left and right Plate, the width of every piece is 1 meter, and the width of two pieces is 2 meters, and the long limit of solar panel housing is the width side along lightly constructed and simply equipped building To;Length is 1.75 meters, is to arrange to be arranged on two hypotenuses in left and right, is the width of lightly constructed and simply equipped building sidewards;Solaode The summit alignment of the hypotenuse ridge drift angle at the top of plate width, the outer edge of length and two ends, left and right, with the summit of ridge drift angle For starting point, on the width center line of two hypotenuses in two ends, left and right, each distance intercepting 0.125 meter intersects with hypotenuse width center line Point, be i.e. the center of circle of first piece and first internal thread hole at second piece of solar panel length direction back side, with first On the basis of the individual center of circle, on hypotenuse width center line, then the point that the distance respectively intercepting 1.5 meters intersects with hypotenuse width center line, it is i.e. First piece with the center of circle of second internal thread hole at second piece of solar panel length direction back side, then with second center of circle be Benchmark, on hypotenuse width center line, then the point that the distance respectively intercepting 0.125 meter intersects with hypotenuse width center line, it is i.e. left and right two The outer edge of two hypotenuses of end, be also first piece with following, the length of second piece of solar panel width side by side outside Sideline;If the total length of square frame-shaped steelframe is 1.86 meters, it is assumed that: when the angle steel thickness of 60 × 60 millimeters is 5 millimeters, then intercept two The angle steel of the 60X60 millimeter that root 1.85 meters is long, carries out corresponding machining by the two ends of two angle steel, makes the two ends can be with Four limit square frame docking, during welding, are first got up, by two of two ends, left and right tiltedly by the shape of the hypotenuse corresponding matching welding at two ends While be parallel to each other put the most greatly, on the most flat platform, then, then the pendulum that manufactured two angle steel are also parallel to each other It is put on platform, makes the outer edge of two hypotenuses align with the outer edge of two angle steel, make four limit both phases of square frame-shaped steelframe The most vertically, it is parallel to each other again, the Dou Shi right angle, four angles of square frame, it is necessary to ensure that parallel, the vertical dimension of two hypotenuse outer edges It it is 1.86 meters, it is necessary to ensure that parallel, the vertical dimension of two angle steel outer edges are 1.75 meters, after connecting, weld, must Palpus firm welding, by square frame-shaped steelframe upper surface upward, at two hypotenuse upper/lower terminal heads, marks 0.2 meter of long hypotenuse respectively Angle steel center line, then by the two ends of two angle steel of upper and lower end with middle, mark the angle steel center line of 0.2~0.3 meter long respectively, so After, then intercept 1.64 meters of long angle steel of two same sizes, the two ends of these two angle steel is carried out machining, makes two ends Head must be vertical with angle steel upper surface, it is also to be ensured that the length of two angle steel is 1.63 meters, in the two ends of these two angle steel End face marks the angle steel width center line of 0.2 meter long respectively, then on the basis of two hypotenuse angle steel center lines, respectively at two angles of framework The point that on the center line of steel, each distance intercepting 0.8 meter intersects with angle steel center line, and make the vertical line of these four points, hang down with these four On the basis of straight line, 1.63 meters of long two piece angle steel width center lines, align with vertical line respectively, angle steel upper surface maintain an equal level after weld Connecing, the square frame-shaped steelframe welded, upper surface is smooth plane, and is in approximately the same plane, with square frame-shaped steelframe The outer edge of the width center line of two hypotenuses in two ends is starting point, and the distance of each intercepting 0.125 meter intersects with width center line respectively Point, is i.e. the center of circle of first internal thread hole in Solar panel backside upper end, on the basis of first center of circle, more each section Take the point that the distance of 1.5 meters intersects with width center line, be i.e. the center of circle of second internal thread hole in Solar panel backside lower end, Again on the basis of second center of circle, then the point that the distance of the most each intercepting 0.125 meter intersects with width center line, it is i.e. solar-electricity The outer edge of pond plate, is also the outer edge of square frame-shaped steelframe, then, remakes the straight line in first internal thread hole center of circle of two hypotenuses Line, the intersection point on middle two angle steel width center lines, is i.e. first piece and centre, second piece of solar panel upper end The center of circle of two internal thread holes, remakes the straight line line in second internal thread hole center of circle of two hypotenuses, at middle two angle steel width Intersection point on degree center line, is i.e. the center of circle of first piece of two internal thread hole middle with second piece of solar panel lower end, After determining the position of 8 respective aperture through holes on square frame-shaped steelframe, after Drilling operation, i.e.: one the most side by side Two blocks of solar panel left fan ridge first half fan steelframes of vertically arranged installation.The shape of left fan ridge later half fan steelframe and structure Make, and relevant concrete size, all identical with left fan ridge first half fan steelframe.By left fan ridge first half fan steelframe with left After fan ridge later half fan steelframe and first ridge arch girder steel and second ridge arch girder steel combination are mounted together, i.e.: Left fan ridge herringbone steelframe.
The vertical shape installing left fan ridge first half fan steelframe and structure, such as: Figure 11 schematic front view is shown with Figure 12 left view Shown in being intended to.
The shape of right wing ridge first half fan steelframe and structure, and relevant concrete size, all fan with left fan ridge first half Steelframe is identical.The shape of right wing ridge later half fan steelframe and structure, and relevant concrete size, again with right wing ridge before Half fan steelframe is identical.By right wing ridge first half fan steelframe and right wing ridge later half fan steelframe and the 3rd ridge arch girder steel After being mounted together with the 4th ridge arch girder steel combination, i.e.: right wing ridge herringbone steelframe.
The shape of two pieces of solar panels of the most vertically arranged installation, middle fan ridge first half fan steelframe and structure:
2. ridge herringbone steelframe is by left fan, middle fan, right wing, and three fan ridge herringbone steelframes are combined and installed together After, it is referred to as: a block ridge herringbone steelframe.One block ridge herringbone steelframe is provided with 3 ridge first half fan steelframes, can arrange peace Fill 6 pieces, long 1.75 meters, the solar panel of wide 1 meter;One block ridge herringbone steelframe is provided with 3 ridge later half fan steelframes, also Installation 6 pieces, long 1.75 meters, the solar panel of wide 1 meter can be set;One block ridge herringbone steelframe total length is 6 meters, altogether 12 pieces of solar panels (assembly) of installation are set.
Left fan ridge herringbone steelframe installs a ridge arch girder steel at left end, and the thickness of girder steel is 0.02 meter, on the right side End also installs a ridge arch girder steel, and the thickness of girder steel is also 0.02 meter, and left fan ridge herringbone steelframe total length is 1.86 Rice, after adding two girder steel thickness 0.04 meter, total length is equal to 1.9 meters, if by first piece with second piece of solar panel all After installing, two ends, left and right are respectively arranged with the eaves limit of 0.05 meter.
Second ridge arch girder steel that middle fan ridge herringbone steelframe is installed with left fan ridge herringbone steelframe right-hand member is Common beam;The 3rd the ridge arch girder steel that middle fan ridge herringbone steelframe is installed with right wing ridge herringbone steelframe left end is also Common beam.The vertical dimension total length of two hypotenuses at the ridge first half fan steelframe two ends of middle fan is 2.1 meters, the angle steel of two hypotenuses It is all 60 × 60 mm wides, the angle steel of 5 millimeters thick, then intercepts two same sizes and make 2.09 meters of long angle steel on upper and lower limit, will The two ends of two angle steel carries out corresponding machining, makes the shape that two ends can be welded with the hypotenuse corresponding matching at two ends, During welding, first four limit square frames docking are got up, two hypotenuses at two ends, left and right are parallel to each other put the most greatly, the most flat On platform, then, then put on platform by what manufactured two angle steel were also parallel to each other, make the outer edge of two hypotenuses Align with the outer edge of two angle steel, make four limits of square frame-shaped steelframe not only be mutually perpendicular to, but also be parallel to each other, four angles of square frame It is all right angle, it is necessary to ensure that parallel, the vertical dimension of two hypotenuse outer edges is 2.1 meters, it is necessary to ensure that two angle steel outer edges Parallel, vertical dimension be 1.75 meters, after connecting, carry out welding, must firm welding, by square frame-shaped steelframe upper surface court On, at two hypotenuse upper/lower terminal heads, mark the hypotenuse angle steel center line of 0.2 meter long respectively, then by two angle steel of upper and lower end Two ends, with middle, mark the angle steel center line of 0.2~0.3 meter long respectively, marks the length center line of square frame-shaped steelframe the most again, then Intercept 1.64 meters of long angle steel of four same sizes, the two ends of these four angle steel is carried out machining, makes two ends and angle Steel upper surface must be vertical, it is also to be ensured that the length of four angle steel is 1.63 meters, divides in the two ends upper surface of these four angle steel Do not mark the angle steel width center line of 0.2 meter long, then on the basis of the length center line of square frame-shaped steelframe, respectively the most each Intercept four points that the distance of 0.1 meter intersects with angle steel center line, and make the vertical line of four points, then on the basis of these four points, The other four point that the distance respectively intercepting 0.8 meter respectively intersects with angle steel center line, and make the vertical of other four point Line, four vertical lines of square frame-shaped steelframe top, align with four angle steel upper end angle steel center lines, position respectively, square frame-shaped steel Four vertical lines that frame is following, align with four angle steel lower end angle steel center lines, position respectively, and the upper surface of four angle steel is necessary Welding after maintaining an equal level with square frame-shaped steelframe upper surface, square frame-shaped steelframe, the upper surface welded are smooth planes, and are In approximately the same plane, the vertical dimension of square frame-shaped steelframe length center line to two the hypotenuse outer edges in two ends, left and right it is 1.05 Rice, total length is 2.1 meters, on the basis of the outer edge of square frame-shaped steelframe upper end, respectively on the width center line of four angle steel, each section Take the point that the distance of 0.125 meter intersects with angle steel width center line, that is: the 3rd piece and the 4th piece of Solar panel backside upper end The center of circle of four internal thread holes, on the basis of the center of circle, four, upper end, then the distance of the most each intercepting 1.5 meters and width center line phase The point handed over, that is: the 3rd piece with the center of circle of four internal thread holes of the 4th piece of Solar panel backside lower end, with four, lower end On the basis of the center of circle, then the point that the distance of the most each intercepting 0.125 meter intersects with width center line, i.e.: the 3rd piece is with the 4th piece too The outer edge of sun energy cell panel lower end, is also the outer edge of square frame-shaped steelframe, determines 8 respective aperture on square frame-shaped steelframe After the position of through hole, after Drilling operation, i.e.: in two pieces of solar panels of an installation the most vertically arranged Fan ridge first half fan steelframe.The shape of middle fan ridge later half fan steelframe and structure, and relevant concrete size, all with middle fan room Ridge first half fan steelframe is identical.Middle fan ridge first half is fanned steelframe and middle fan ridge later half fan steelframe and has installed left fan room Second ridge arch girder steel combination of ridge herringbone steelframe is mounted together;Install right wing ridge herringbone steelframe again and The 3rd ridge arch girder steel recombinant be mounted together after, i.e.: an intactly block ridge herringbone steelframe.
The vertical shape installing middle fan ridge first half fan steelframe and structure, such as: Figure 13 schematic front view is shown with Figure 14 left view Shown in being intended to.
One block ridge herringbone steelframe is all to be made up of left fan, middle fan, right wing combination assembling, the room that every processing and manufacturing is good Ridge first half fan steelframe fan later half with ridge steelframe and corresponding supporting ridge arch girder steel are assemblied together, then, then will be corresponding After supporting solar panel also installs, in the upper end of ridge drift angle, a V-shaped gap all can occur, it is room The solar panel that the outer edge of the solar panel upper end that ridge first half fan steelframe is installed and ridge later half fan steelframe are installed The V-arrangement gap that the outer edge of upper end is collectively forming, for making the ridge drift angle of ridge herringbone steelframe can keep original ridge-shaped Shape, on each block ridge herringbone steelframe, all set up one a length of 6 meters and V-arrangement gap be the room of corresponding matching shape Ridge rhombus thin skin steel pipe, rhombus steel pipe: be the parallelogram that adjacent side is equal, make two limits and the V-arrangement gap of rhombus lower end Two limits are bonded together, and make two limits of rhombus upper end become ridge drift angle, and the upper prong of rhombus is the summit of ridge drift angle.
The shape of ridge rhombus thin skin steel pipe and structure, as shown in Fig. 3 schematic front view.
Each block ridge herringbone steelframe of vertically arranged mounting means, installs first piece of solaode at left end head After plate, there is the eaves limit of 0.05 meter in the outside of first ridge arch girder steel of left end;The 6th piece of sun is installed in right end After energy cell panel, also there is the eaves limit of 0.05 meter in the outside of the 4th ridge arch girder steel of right-hand member.First block ridge herringbone Steelframe and the linking of the second block ridge herringbone steelframe, second group with the 3rd group be connected, the 3rd group of rank with the 4th group Connect ..., it is all to be assembled together with organizing to combine with ridge adverse grade steelframe with the ridge scarp slope steelframe that be connected of group, left end first Ridge arch girder steel is the common beam installing ridge scarp slope steelframe with ridge adverse grade steelframe;The 4th ridge arch girder steel of right-hand member is also It it is the common beam installing ridge scarp slope steelframe with ridge adverse grade steelframe.
Now as a example by ridge scarp slope steelframe, to the shape of ridge scarp slope steelframe and structure, in order to illustrate:
Example III, it is assumed that 3. the length of solar panel (assembly) be 1.75 meters, width be 1 meter, at angle, four, the back side It is provided with the internal thread hole of respective aperture, is to use silk to (i.e.: two ends are all to carry externally threaded screw rod) and ridge scarp slope steelframe group Closing and connect, the internal thread hole at four angles, is all to be symmetrical arranged on the basis of width center line by the center line of length, it is assumed that: length side To the centre-to-centre spacing of two internal thread holes be 1.5 meters, length direction two ends, outside the internal thread hole center of circle to solar panel The distance of line is respectively 0.125 meter, it is assumed that: the centre-to-centre spacing of two internal thread holes of width is 0.8 meter, width two ends, with It is respectively 0.1 meter from the internal thread hole center of circle to the distance of solar panel outer edge.Assuming that: ridge scarp slope steelframe and ridge adverse grade Steelframe is all to be processed into the angle steel of equilateral 60 × 60 × 5 millimeters, ridge scarp slope steelframe and the ridge of ridge adverse grade steelframe Drift angle bisector, is i.e. the center line of ridge scarp slope steelframe and layer ridge adverse grade steelframe, is segmented into ridge scarp slope steelframe from midline With ridge adverse grade steelframe.Being one piece of solar panel of vertically arranged installation on ridge scarp slope steelframe, ridge scarp slope steelframe is left The width that two hypotenuse angle steel at right two ends are parallel, vertical is 1.1 meters, and the length of two hypotenuse angle steel is 1.75 meters, then intercepts Two a length of angle steel of 1.09 meters of same size, and the two ends of these two angle steel is carried out corresponding machining, make The shape that two ends can be welded with the hypotenuse corresponding matching at two ends, gets up, by left and right two during welding, first by four limit square frame docking What two hypotenuses of end were parallel to each other put the most greatly, on the most flat platform, then, then by manufactured two angle steel also phases The most parallel puts on platform, makes four limits of square frame-shaped steelframe not only be parallel to each other, but also is mutually perpendicular to, and four angles of square frame are all It is right angle, it is necessary to ensure that parallel, the vertical dimension of two hypotenuse outer edges is 1.1 meters, it is necessary to ensure that two angle steel outer edges Parallel, vertical dimension is 1.75 meters, after connecting, carry out welding, must firm welding, then, then intercept two identical rule 1.64 meters of long angle steel of lattice, carry out machining to the two ends of these two angle steel, make two ends necessary with angle steel upper surface Vertically, it is also to be ensured that the length of two angle steel is 1.63 meters, mark 0.2 meter long respectively in the two ends upper surface of these two angle steel Angle steel width center line, then, after the angle steel of square frame-shaped steelframe upper and lower side width first marks the width center line of angle steel, then Mark the width center line of steelframe, on the basis of the width center line of steelframe, respectively respectively intercept the distance of 0.4 meter with The point that angle steel center line intersects, and make the vertical line of these four points, on the basis of these four vertical lines, 1.63 meters of long two piece angle steel Width center line, align with vertical line respectively, angle steel upper surface maintain an equal level after weld, the layer ridge scarp slope steelframe welded, upper end Face is smooth plane, and is in approximately the same plane.With the outer edge at the vertical line of two, upper end of ridge scarp slope steelframe it is Starting point, the point that the most each distance intercepting 0.125 meter respectively intersects with two angle steel width center lines, is i.e. solar panel The center of circle of two internal thread holes in upper end, the back side, respectively on the basis of first center of circle, then the distance and two of the most each intercepting 1.5 meters The point that root angle steel width center line intersects, is i.e. the center of circle of two internal thread holes in Solar panel backside lower end, more respectively with the On the basis of two centers of circle, then the point that the distance of the most each intercepting 0.125 meter intersects with framework outer edge, it is i.e. solar panel Outer edge, be also the outer edge of ridge scarp slope steelframe, ridge scarp slope steelframe determine the position of 4 respective aperture through holes After, after Drilling operation, i.e.: fully organize and organize the ridge scarp slope steelframe being connected for one.The shape of ridge adverse grade steelframe With structure, and relevant concrete size, all identical with ridge scarp slope steelframe.By ridge scarp slope steelframe and ridge back-slope steel First the ridge arch girder steel combination of one end respectively with block ridge herringbone steelframe left end of frame width is assembled together, so After, then by the other end of ridge scarp slope steelframe and ridge adverse grade steelframe width respectively and another block ridge herringbone steelframe right-hand member After 4th ridge arch girder steel combination is mounted together, i.e.: a block ridge herringbone steel and another block ridge herringbone steel The methods that the linking combination of frame is installed.
The shape of ridge scarp slope steelframe and structure, as: shown in Figure 15 schematic front view and Figure 16 left view schematic diagram.
Two, in the middle part of lightly constructed and simply equipped building it is shape and the structure of body of wall standpipe leg portion:
In the middle part of lightly constructed and simply equipped building, body of wall standpipe pillar is to be assembled together with the combination of several auxiliaries by three kinds of main parts and constitute, main part 4. rectangular steel tube standpipe pillar, or rectangular steel pipe standpipe pillar, main part 5. deltiod steel pipe is horizontal to be held, main part 6. X-shaped angle steel lacing wire, Auxiliary is: pillar plug angle bar, pillar liner square iron, color steel sheet.
4. square section steel tube pole: it is the vertical pipe support column piece of ridge herringbone steelframe, a block ridge herringbone steelframe is following Being provided with 8 standpipe pillars, a block ridge herringbone steelframe is provided with four ridge arch girder steels, and it is frame wall before lightly constructed and simply equipped building With on wall below, before wall be provided with 4 standpipe pillars, after wall also be provided with 4 standpipe pillars, a block ridge herringbone steelframe is Installing four ridge arch girder steels, being respectively arranged at the two ends with and the plug of standpipe pillar connection of it, frame is four rooms on above wall 4 plugs on ridge arch girder steel, being inserted into above in 4 standpipe pillar upper end rectangular steel tubes of wall the most respectively, frame is later 4 plugs on four ridge arch girder steels on wall, the most respectively be inserted into 4 standpipe pillar upper end square bars of wall below In pipe.
The 5. rectangular steel pipe that can also select respective model specification does standpipe pillar.When doing pillar with rectangular steel pipe, standpipe The length (i.e.: the height of standpipe pillar) of pillar, the quantity of standpipe pillar, and the particular location that standpipe pillar is arranged, all 4. rectangular steel tube standpipe pillar is identical.
Determination to lightly constructed and simply equipped building height of a house height Yu body of wall insied width:
Lightly constructed and simply equipped building Emergency Vehicle Lane mainly has a vehicle pass-through of three kinds of models, and one is that police car, its height are shorter, and two is rescue Car, its height are moderate, and three is that fire fighting truck, its height are higher.Lightly constructed and simply equipped building Emergency Vehicle Lane essence is arch door shape passage, is determining During the height of a house height of lightly constructed and simply equipped building, should can smooth and easy, safe travelling as standard in arch door shape passage with fire fighting truck.Lightly constructed and simply equipped building is met an urgent need Before track inside wall with wall below inside intermediate width, should the width of Emergency Vehicle Lane to delimit at roadside now be Standard.The height of a house height of lightly constructed and simply equipped building is with in ground (i.e.: the road surface in arch door shape passage) to ridge arch girder steel lower surface The vertical height of line exceeds 0.25~0.35 meter than the actual height of fire fighting truck.
The determination of square shaped tubular steel post and rectangular steel pipe strut lengths (i.e.: the height of standpipe pillar):
Being respectively arranged at the two ends with the plug connected with standpipe pillar about ridge arch girder steel, the upper end of two plugs to ridge is encircleed The numerical value H of the vertical dimension of certificate girder steel lower surface center line1Represent.
Three, lightly constructed and simply equipped building bottom is body of wall and the shape of foundations part and structure:
The body of wall of lightly constructed and simply equipped building bottom and foundations are the basic parts of lightly constructed and simply equipped building, and it is to be provided with each block ridge herringbone steelframe Four ridge arch girder steels on the basis of, in the middle part of lightly constructed and simply equipped building before wall be correspondingly arranged 4 standpipe pillars respectively;At wall below It is correspondingly arranged 4 standpipe pillars respectively;On the basis of 4 standpipe pillars that before again in the middle part of lightly constructed and simply equipped building, wall is provided with, respectively It is correspondingly arranged body of wall and foundations basic part in simple above wall bottom;Wall bottom after lightly constructed and simply equipped building respectively is correspondingly arranged body of wall With foundations basic part.
The shape of the body of wall that lightly constructed and simply equipped building bottom is provided with and house foundation part and structure:
As a example by the body of wall that now wall bottom is provided with before lightly constructed and simply equipped building and foundations basic part, in order to illustrate: a block ridge Before herringbone steelframe, wall bottom is provided with a foundations basic part, is by the thin wall of four sub-sandwich of pier three sections shorter Composition, counts from left to right, and the connection plug of first ridge arch girder steel and the 1st standpipe pillar correspondence are supporting, the 1st standpipe Pillar is corresponding supporting with the first of foundations basic part pier with body of wall again;The connection plug of second ridge arch girder steel and 2nd standpipe pillar correspondence is supporting, the 2nd standpipe pillar again with body of wall with the second of foundations basic part pier is corresponding joins Set, first pier and second sub-sandwich of pier are corresponding supporting one section of left fan ridge herringbone steelframe lower ends Shorter thin wall;The connection plug of the 3rd ridge arch girder steel and the 3rd standpipe pillar correspondence are supporting, and the 3rd standpipe pillar is again Corresponding supporting with the 3rd of foundations basic part the pier with body of wall, second pier and the 3rd the sub-sandwich of pier It it is the corresponding one section shorter supporting thin wall in middle fan ridge herringbone steelframe lower end;The connection plug of the 4th ridge arch girder steel and 4th standpipe pillar correspondence is supporting, the 4th standpipe pillar again with the 4th of body of wall and foundations basic part pier is corresponding joins Set, the 3rd pier and the 4th the sub-sandwich of pier are corresponding supporting one section of right wing ridge herringbone steelframe lower ends Shorter thin wall.
Body of wall and foundations basic part are armored concrete entirety cast-in-situ components.Can also be by body of wall and house foundation part It is manufactured into integrated poured prefabricated component.Assuming that: body of wall is defined as 0.9 meter with the whole height of foundations basic part, is embedded in ground (i.e. Refer to the road surface of roadside, also refer to the road surface of lightly constructed and simply equipped building arch door shape passage.) following height is to account for body of wall and foundations basis The 4/9 of part overall height, is i.e. 0.4 meter, and the height being exposed at more than ground is to account for body of wall and the 5/9 of foundations basic part overall height, is i.e. 0.5 Rice, pier being embedded in underground is big catotropic cutting back side cone shape, and pier being exposed at more than ground is the square column bodily form Shape and four angles of square column are carried out the biggest chamfering, in the upper end of four piers, respectively with the intersection of square column type centrage On the basis of Dian, the center at four pier is respectively provided with a square or rectangle blind hole, square blind hole or rectangle blind hole respectively Size dimension, be all higher than the outside dimension of corresponding supporting standpipe pillar, and at blind hole surrounding and rectangular steel tube or rectangle Steel pipe is respectively arranged with the gap of 0.01~0.15 meter, and the degree of depth of blind hole is with the upper surface of four piers as starting point, the most each downwards The vertical dimension of 0.25~0.3 meter, is i.e. four sub-upper ends of pier blind hole depths of being respectively provided with a corresponding cooperation, four walls Three sections shorter thin walls of buttress sandwich, ground is above flat thin wall, and below ground is to have certain taper Bao Qiang lower end Bottom surface is wider, more than upper end and ground thin wall linking, and and the tapering phase of pier of four cutting back side's cones of below ground Corresponding.If four sub-blind hole depths of pier are 0.25 meter, square section steel tube pole or the length of short shape tubular steel post in blind hole Degree is 0.25 meter, if four sub-blind hole depths of pier are 0.3 meter, and square section steel tube pole or rectangular steel pipe pillar in blind hole It it is 0.3 meter, by the square section steel tube pole being contained in blind hole or length H of rectangular steel pipe pillar2Represent.
Four square section steel tube poles that before lightly constructed and simply equipped building, wall is provided with or rectangular steel pipe pillar, connected plug upper end extremely by girder steel H2Vertical height be to use H3Represent, H3Equal to four standpipe pillars physical length (i.e.: square section steel tube pole or rectangle The actual height of tubular steel post).The shape of the body of wall that after lightly constructed and simply equipped building, wall bottom is provided with and foundations basic part and structure, Yi Jixiang The concrete size closed, all identical with structure with the shape of foundations basic part with the body of wall that wall bottom before lightly constructed and simply equipped building is provided with.
Assuming that: lightly constructed and simply equipped building Emergency Vehicle Lane (i.e.: lightly constructed and simply equipped building arch door shape passage) is by ground (i.e.: lightly constructed and simply equipped building arch door shape leads to The road surface in road) it is 2.3~2.4 meters to the height of a house height of ridge arch girder steel lower surface center line, shorter thin wall more than ground is 0.5 meter, it is assumed that the height 0.4 of Ht~0.5 meter, the height of above wall and 8 standpipe pillar exposed faces of wall below in the middle part of lightly constructed and simply equipped building 1.3~1.4 meters, the actual height of 8 standpipe pillars, if equal to when 1.3 meters, add H2Numerical value after, i.e.: 1.3+0.25 =1.55 meters;Or: 1.3+0.3=1.6 rice;If equal to when 1.4 meters, add H2Numerical value after i.e.: 1.4+0.25= 1.65 meters, or 1.4+0.3=1.7 rice.
Continuous example I, the length of left fan ridge herringbone steelframe is 1.66 meters, if about left fan ridge herringbone steelframe two After end respectively installs a ridge arch girder steel, the total length of left fan ridge herringbone steelframe is 1.7 meters, if left fan ridge herringbone The length of shaped steel frame all presses the thickness center line of first ridge arch girder steel to the thickness center line of second ridge arch girder steel Vertical dimension calculates, and the span of first ridge arch girder steel and second ridge arch girder steel is 1.68 meters, before wall the One is connected in the standpipe pillar of plug thickness center line and the 1st rectangular steel tube or rectangular steel pipe with second ridge arch girder steel After vertical the most corresponding with the standpipe pillar center line of the 2nd rectangular steel tube or rectangular steel pipe of line aligns, in the 1st standpipe pillar Line is also 1.68 meters to the span of second standpipe pillar center line, with the 1st standpipe pillar center line and the 2nd standpipe pillar center line Span be 1.68 meters on the basis of, blind hole center line and second pier in the middle of first pier of body of wall and foundations basic part Middle blind hole center line, the most corresponding with respective 1st standpipe pillar center line and the 2nd standpipe pillar center line vertical right respectively After just, in the middle of first pier, blind hole center line is also 1.68 meters to the span of second middle blind hole center line of pier.
After lightly constructed and simply equipped building in wall, the body of wall that is provided with of bottom and foundations basic part, left fan ridge herringbone steelframe following the One standpipe pillar center line is to blind hole center line in the middle of the span and first pier of the 2nd standpipe pillar center line to second wall The span of blind hole center line in the middle of buttress, all with lightly constructed and simply equipped building before in wall, the body of wall that is provided with of bottom and foundations basic part, left fan ridge The following concrete situation of herringbone steelframe is identical with the data of span.
Before lightly constructed and simply equipped building wall with in wall below, the body of wall that is provided with of bottom and foundations basic part, right wing ridge herringbone steelframe The 3rd ridge arch girder steel thickness center line of wall and the 3rd ridge arch girder steel thickness center line of wall below before Xia Bian, respectively To the span of the 4th ridge arch girder steel thickness center line of above wall with the 4th ridge arch girder steel thickness center line of wall below, the Three ridge arch girder steels and four connection plug center lines at the 4th ridge arch girder steel two ends, respectively with above wall with below Corresponding the 3rd the standpipe pillar center line of wall to the span of the 4th standpipe pillar center line, and corresponding before wall with below In the middle of 3rd pier of wall, blind hole center line is to the span of blind hole center line in the middle of the 4th pier, all with left fan ridge herringbone The following concrete situation of shaped steel frame is identical with the data of span.
Before lightly constructed and simply equipped building metope with in wall below, the body of wall that is provided with of bottom and foundations basic part, middle fan ridge herringbone steelframe Wall and two, second ridge arch girder steel thickness center line before and after wall stand sets below before Xia Bian, respectively to former and later two, The span of the 3rd ridge arch girder steel thickness center line is 2.28 meters, and a block ridge herringbone steelframe left side is left fan ridge herringbone Shaped steel frame, installation is first and second ridge arch girder steel;The right is right wing ridge herringbone steelframe, and installation is the Three and the 4th ridge arch girder steel;Middle middle fan ridge herringbone steelframe, it is to be clipped in second ridge arch girder steel Install with the right-hand member of the centre of the 3rd ridge arch girder steel, the left end of middle fan and left fan is shared second ridge arch Girder steel;What the right-hand member of middle fan and the left end of right wing were installed is shared the 3rd ridge arch girder steel;Therefore, the of middle fan left end 2 standpipe pillar center lines are also 2.28 meters to the span of the 3rd standpipe pillar center line of middle fan right-hand member, second of middle fan left end In the middle of pier, blind hole center line is also 2.28 meters to the span of the middle blind hole center line of the 3rd pier of middle fan right-hand member.
Continuous example II, the length of left fan ridge herringbone steelframe is 1.86 meters, if about left fan ridge herringbone steelframe After a ridge arch girder steel is respectively installed at two ends, the total length of left fan ridge herringbone steelframe is 1.9 meters, if left fan ridge people The length of font steelframe all presses the thickness center line thickness center line to second ridge arch girder steel of first ridge arch girder steel Vertical dimension calculate, the span of first ridge arch girder steel and second ridge arch girder steel is 1.88 meters, before wall First is connected plug thickness center line and the 1st rectangular steel tube or the standpipe pillar of short shape steel pipe with second ridge arch girder steel After vertical the most corresponding with the standpipe pillar center line of the 2nd rectangular steel tube or rectangular steel pipe of center line aligns, the 1st standpipe pillar Center line is also 1.88 meters to the span of the 2nd standpipe pillar center line, with in the 1st standpipe pillar center line and the 2nd standpipe pillar On the basis of the span of line is 1.88 meters, blind hole center line and second pier in the middle of first pier of body of wall and foundations basic part Blind hole center line in the middle of son, respectively with respective first standpipe pillar center line and second the most corresponding hanging down of standpipe pillar center line After directly aligning, in the middle of first pier, blind hole center line is also 1.88 meters to the span of second middle blind hole center line of pier.
After lightly constructed and simply equipped building in wall, the body of wall that is provided with of bottom and foundations basic part, left fan ridge herringbone steelframe following the 1st Individual standpipe pillar center line is to blind hole center line in the middle of the span and first pier of the 2nd standpipe pillar center line to second pier The span of blind hole center line in the middle of son, all with lightly constructed and simply equipped building before in wall, the body of wall that is provided with of bottom and foundations basic part, left fan ridge people The following concrete situation of font steelframe is identical with the data of span.
Before lightly constructed and simply equipped building wall with in wall below, the body of wall that is provided with of bottom and foundations basic part, right wing ridge herringbone steelframe The 3rd ridge arch girder steel thickness center line of wall and the 3rd ridge arch girder steel thickness center line of wall below before Xia Bian, respectively To the span of the 4th ridge arch girder steel thickness center line of above wall with the 4th ridge arch girder steel thickness center line of wall below, the Three ridge arch girder steels and four connection plug center lines at the 4th ridge arch girder steel two ends, respectively with above wall with below Corresponding the 3rd the standpipe pillar center line of wall to the span of the 4th standpipe pillar center line, and corresponding before wall with below In the middle of 3rd pier of wall, blind hole center line is to the span of blind hole center line in the middle of the 4th pier, all with left fan ridge herringbone The following concrete situation of shaped steel frame is identical with the data of span.
Before lightly constructed and simply equipped building wall with in wall below, the body of wall that is provided with of bottom and foundations basic part, middle fan ridge herringbone steelframe Wall and two, second ridge arch girder steel thickness center line before and after wall stand sets below before Xia Bian, respectively to former and later two, The span of the 3rd ridge arch girder steel thickness center line is 2.12 meters, and a block ridge herringbone steelframe left side is left fan ridge herringbone Shaped steel frame, installation is first and second ridge arch girder steel;The right is right wing ridge herringbone steelframe, and installation is the Three and the 4th ridge arch girder steel;Middle middle fan ridge herringbone steelframe, it is to be clipped in second ridge arch girder steel Install with the right-hand member of the centre of the 3rd ridge arch girder steel, the left end of middle fan and left fan is shared second ridge arch Girder steel;What the right-hand member of middle fan and the left end of right wing were installed is shared the 3rd ridge arch girder steel;Therefore, the of middle fan left end 2 standpipe pillar center lines are also 2.12 meters to the span of the 3rd standpipe pillar center line of middle fan right-hand member, second of middle fan left end In the middle of pier, blind hole center line is also 2.12 meters to the span of the middle blind hole center line of the 3rd pier of middle fan right-hand member.
Continuous example III, ridge scarp slope steelframe is parallel with two hypotenuse angle steel at two ends, ridge adverse grade steelframe left and right, vertical width Being 1.1 meters, two hypotenuse angle steel at two ends, left and right are provided with and ridge arch girder steel corresponding matching equal number, respective aperture Through hole, by one end of ridge scarp slope steelframe and ridge adverse grade steelframe width respectively and previous group ridge herringbone steelframe left end first The combination of individual ridge arch girder steel connects together, then, then the other end by ridge scarp slope steelframe Yu ridge adverse grade steelframe width Connect together with the 4th the ridge arch girder steel combination of later group ridge herringbone steelframe right-hand member respectively, previous group ridge herringbone First ridge arch girder steel thickness center line of shaped steel frame left end is to later group the 4th ridge arch of ridge herringbone steelframe right-hand member The span of girder steel thickness center line is 1.12 meters, the following body of wall of lightly constructed and simply equipped building previous group ridge herringbone steelframe and foundations basic part with The following body of wall of later group ridge herringbone steelframe and foundations basic part, corresponding the 1st the supporting vertical pipe support of previous group left end Post center line is also 1.12 meters to the span of corresponding the 4th the supporting standpipe pillar center line of later group right-hand member;Previous group left end phase In the middle of corresponding first supporting pier, blind hole center line is to corresponding the 4th the supporting sub-intermediate blind of pier of later group right-hand member The span of hole center line is also 1.12 meters.
The one block the most corresponding supporting body of wall of ridge herringbone steelframe and foundations basic part are two, before wall be the below One, second, third, the 4th pier, after wall be the most also first, second, third, fourth pier, before wall with The thin wall that the left side of wall following first pier is the shortest below, before wall four pier following with wall below The thin wall that right side is also the shortest, in the middle of right side sub with the 4th pier in the middle of the left side of first pier, It is respectively provided with the platform of a protruding elongate in shape respectively, and be provided with a recessed strip in the centre of strip platform long Groove, elongated slot is standby when being connected with group foundations basic part with group and prefabricated rectangular flat plate parapet is corresponding supporting is connected.Rectangle is put down Plate parapet is armored concrete part, and its length is that the vertical dimension that two pier that group is connected with group are provided with strip groove is Corresponding matching size, its overall two ends of height is 0.5 meter, and the interlude of lower end and ground (i.e.: the road surface of highway) have Gap (the note: if lightly constructed and simply equipped building has sewer pipe interiorly, roadside is provided with lower well, in highway of 0.03~0.04 meter Between rainwater can be trickled in lower well by the gap of flat board parapet lower end).When first pier of one group of foundations basic part Left end is provided with elongated slot, and the 4th sub-right side of pier of later group foundations basic part is provided with elongated slot, be combined linking time, be by One block length square plate parapet inserts in the strip elongated slot at two ends, left and right.
One block ridge herringbone steelframe is provided with two bodies of wall and foundations basic part below, before wall be four pier below Thin wall shorter with three sections;Wall is the body of wall that is provided with of four piers thin wall shorter with three sections, lightly constructed and simply equipped building bottoms and room below below The shape of base basic part and structure, as: shown in Figure 23 schematic front view and Figure 24 schematic top plan view.
One block ridge herringbone steelframe is provided with four ridge arch girder steels, and the two ends of each girder steel are designed with connecting plug, It is connected with 4 standpipe pillars of wall below with 4 standpipe pillars of wall before middle part respectively.Assuming that: selection be rectangle standpipe pillar, Its long limit is 0.1 meter, and its minor face is 0.08 meter, and the internal diameter on long limit is 0.095 meter, and the internal diameter of minor face is 0.075 meter, ridge Arch girder steel connects the width of plug and the internal diameter on rectangle vertical pipe support column length limit is corresponding matching size, and girder steel connects the thickness of plug Degree is 0.02 meter, after inserting rectangle standpipe pillar minor face internal diameter centre, connects plug thickness the right and left and is respectively arranged with minor face internal diameter The space of 0.0275 meter, the two space is i.e. to install two auxiliary left side strut plug angle bar and right side strut plug angle bar Position, girder steel is connected plug with right side plug angle bar and is clipped in the middle by left side plug angle bar, and is provided with girder steel connection plug Two respective aperture warps through hole on the basis of, process the internal thread hole of two corresponding matching in plug angle bar relevant position, left side (i.e.: bore bottom outlet, tapping), processes the through hole with counterbore of two corresponding matching in plug angle bar relevant position, right side, Standby with the soket head cap screw of respective diameters, corresponding length, left side plug angle bar and girder steel be connected plug and right side plug angle bar Combination is mounted together, the rectangular insert being combined as a whole, and its long limit and the internal diameter on rectangle vertical pipe support column length limit are corresponding Fit dimension, its minor face and the internal diameter of rectangle standpipe pillar minor face are corresponding fit dimensions, and appropriate being inserted into of degree of tightness On the upper end of rectangle standpipe pillar, then bore hole, location, nail on straight pin again.Left side strut plug angle bar and right side strut plug Angle bar is ironcasting, its width be the internal diameter size with the rectangular steel tube selected or rectangular steel pipe vertical pipe support column length limit be base Standard, is the width of corresponding matching;Ridge arch girder steel connects the thickness of plug, (note: actual actual thickness) and the side selected On the basis of the shape steel pipe (i.e.: square steel pipe, the longest limit is divided with the minor face) internal diameter with rectangular steel pipe standpipe pillar minor face, Be i.e. in minor face through numerical value deduct the thickness of ridge arch girder steel after difference, then the quotient being equal to divided by 2, it is simply that left side Plug angle bar and the actual (real) thickness of right side plug angle bar;It is 0.2 meter~0.25 meter that ridge arch girder steel connects the length of plug, left The vertical extension of side plug angle bar and right side plug angle bar is also 0.2 meter~0.25 meter, and left side strut plug angle bar props up with right side The lateral length of post plug angle bar is 0.16~0.2 meter.
The shape of left side strut plug angle bar and structure, as: shown in Figure 27 schematic front view and Figure 28 left view schematic diagram.
The shape of right side strut plug angle bar and structure, as: Figure 29 schematic front view regards shown in schematic diagram with Figure 30 right side.
In the middle part of lightly constructed and simply equipped building, a block ridge herringbone steelframe following before wall be provided with 4 square or rectangle standpipe pillars, after Face wall also is provided with 4 square or rectangle standpipe pillars, 8 square or rectangle standpipe lower rod end respectively with respective pier The blind hole connection that mesophase is corresponding, the upper surface of pier far from ground is 0.5 meter, on the basis of the upper surface of pier, at 8 The internal diameter of rectangular steel tube standpipe pillar, or the internal diameter of 8 rectangular steel pipe standpipe pillars, be respectively perpendicular upwards 0.16~0.2 The height of rice is the position arranging pillar liner square iron, and pillar liner square iron divides two kinds: one is square section steel tube pole liner side Ferrum, it is corresponding matching size with the internal diameter of rectangular steel tube, the inwall loading rectangular steel tube of pillar liner square iron degree of tightness appropriateness In, another kind is rectangular steel pipe pillar liner square iron, and it is corresponding fit dimension with the internal diameter of rectangular steel pipe, pillar liner side In the inwall loading rectangular steel pipe of ferrum degree of tightness appropriateness.Square section steel tube pole liner square iron is with rectangular steel pipe pillar liner square iron all Being ironcasting, its height is 0.16~0.2 meter.When square section steel tube pole liner square iron being loaded corresponding supporting rectangular steel tube After the accurate location of inwall, bore hole, location immediately, nail on straight pin;It is corresponding supporting when rectangular steel pipe pillar liner square iron is loaded Rectangular steel pipe inwall accurate location after, immediately bore location hole, nail on straight pin.
The shape of square section steel tube pole liner square iron and structure, such as: Figure 31 schematic front view and Figure 32 left view schematic diagram institute Show.
The shape of rectangular steel pipe pillar liner square iron and structure, such as: Figure 33 schematic front view and Figure 34 left view schematic diagram institute Show.
In the middle part of lightly constructed and simply equipped building, a block ridge herringbone steelframe following, it is assumed that: above wall and wall below are respectively provided with 4 the most respectively Individual rectangular steel pipe standpipe pillar, the long limit of rectangle is 0.1 meter, and rectangle minor face is 0.08 meter, and 8 standpipe pillar upper ends After installing pillar plug angle bar, before wall count from left to right with wall below, horizontal plug on the right side of first rectangle standpipe pillar On the left of angle bar and second rectangle standpipe pillar, the centre of horizontal plug angle bar is provided with one 5. deltiod steel pipe is horizontal and holds, and right side is horizontal To the plug angle bar horizontal with left side of plug angle bar it is and 5. the horizontal internal diameter held of deltiod steel pipe is corresponding fit dimension, will 5. Deltiod steel pipe is referred to as: left fan ridge herringbone steelframe is horizontal to be held, and is called for short: left fan is horizontal to be held.The horizontal lateral length held of left fan should be: continuous Example II, the 1st standpipe pillar center line are also 1.88 meters to the span of the 2nd standpipe pillar center line, deduct one from 1.88 meters After the distance of rectangle standpipe pillar minor face 0.08 meter, the difference being equal to is i.e. that the horizontal length held of left fan is: 1.8 meters.2nd rectangle On the right side of standpipe pillar on the left of horizontal plug angle bar and the 3rd rectangle standpipe pillar laterally the centre of plug angle bar be provided with one the most flat Rectangular steel tube is horizontal to be held, and horizontal plug angle bar and the horizontal internal diameter held of deltiod steel pipe are all corresponding matching sizes, by 5. deltiod steel Guan Heng holds abbreviation: middle fan is horizontal to be held.The horizontal lateral length held of middle fan should be: continuous example II, the 2nd standpipe pillar center line stand to the 3rd The span of tube support center line is also 2.12 meters, after deducting the distance of 0.08 meter from 2.12 meters, and the horizontal length held horizontal equal to middle fan Degree is 2.04 meters.Horizontal plug angle on the left of horizontal plug angle bar and the 4th rectangle standpipe pillar on the right side of 3rd rectangle standpipe pillar The centre of ferrum is provided with one 5. deltiod steel pipe is horizontal holds, and horizontal plug angle bar and the horizontal internal diameter held of deltiod steel pipe are all that correspondence is joined Close size, by the 5. horizontal abbreviation that holds of deltiod steel pipe: right wing is horizontal to be held.Continuous example II, the 3rd standpipe pillar center line are to the 4th vertical pipe support The span of post center line is also 1.88 meters, after deducting 0.08 meter of distance, is 1.8 meters equal to right wing lateral length from 1.88.Above 4 standpipe pillars of wall and below 4 standpipe pillars of wall, 8 standpipe pillar upper ends respectively horizontal plug angle, eight left sides is set Ferrum, respectively eight right side horizontal plug angle bar are set, left fan is horizontal to be held, middle fan horizontal holds, right wing is horizontal holds the left side that two ends are provided with and inserts Brilliance ferrum and right side plug angle bar are all symmetrically arranged, corresponding same area the setting the most respectively of left and right side plug angle bar There is the through hole of two respective aperture, and on the basis of the two through hole, process Shan Hengcheng two ends, left, center, right correspondence respectively and join The through hole closed, processes left, center, right simultaneously, respectively and fans in the upper left corner rectangular steel plates of 6. X-shaped angle steel lacing wire upper end the right and left With the through hole of corresponding matching in the rectangular steel plates of the upper right corner, when assembling, with relatively stay bolt by horizontal holding, plug angle bar, X-shaped angle steel draw Muscle is secured together to.Assuming that: it is 0.04 meter that the height (being also thickness) of the horizontal deltiod steel pipe held is fanned in left, center, right, X-shaped angle steel Lacing wire lower end is that starting point is to the horizontal vertical height holding lower surface from the upper surface of the pier shorter thin wall of son: 1.36~1.46 meters. The length of the vertical following left fan X-shaped angle steel lacing wire of mounting means one block ridge herringbone steelframe is 1.8 meters, height be 1.36~ 1.46 rice;The length of middle fan X-shaped angle steel lacing wire is 2.04 meters, height is 1.36~1.46 meters;The length of right wing X-shaped angle steel lacing wire 1.8 meters, height be 1.36~1.46 meters.If be transversely mounted the below above wall of mode one block ridge herringbone steelframe with Wall is respectively provided with 4 rectangular steel pipe standpipe pillars the most respectively below, and the long limit of rectangle is 0.1 meter, rectangle minor face is 0.08 meter, and 8 standpipe pillar upper ends have installed pillar plug angle bar, and the horizontal length held of left fan is equal to the 1st standpipe pillar center line to the 2nd The span of individual standpipe pillar center line is 1.68 meters, and deducting 0.08 meter of later difference is 1.6 meters.The horizontal length held of middle fan is equal to the 2 standpipe pillar center lines are 2.28 meters to the span of the 3rd standpipe pillar center line, and deducting 0.08 meter of later difference is 2.2 meters. The horizontal length held of right wing is also 1.68 meters equal to the span of the 3rd standpipe pillar center line to the 4th standpipe pillar center line,
Deducting 0.08 meter of later difference is 1.6 meters.The length of left fan X-shaped angle steel lacing wire is 1.6 meters, height be 1.36~ 1.46 rice;The length of middle fan X-shaped angle steel lacing wire is 2.2 meters, height is 1.36~1.46 meters;The length of right wing X-shaped angle steel lacing wire 1.6 meters, height be 1.36~1.46 meters.If wall and wall below before continuous example III, previous block herringbone steelframe are following Being respectively provided with 4 rectangle standpipe pillars the most respectively, the long limit of rectangle is 0.1 meter, rectangle minor face is 0.08 meter, later group ridge herringbone Steelframe is identical with previous group ridge herringbone steelframe, and the 1st rectangle standpipe pillar center line of previous group left end to later group is right The span holding the 4th rectangle standpipe branch line is 1.12 meters, organizes and organizes the horizontal length held of 5. deltiod steel pipe being connected equal to 1.12 It is 1.04 meters that the span of rice deducts 0.08 meter of later difference.Group with to organize the length of 6. X-shaped angle steel lacing wire being connected be 1.04 meters, Height is 1.36~1.46 meters.
Continuous example I, the block ridge herringbone steelframe being transversely mounted mode are to be fanned ridge herringbone steelframe group by left, center, right Becoming, left fan ridge herringbone steelframe is divided into again left fan ridge first half fan steelframe and left fan ridge later half fan steelframe;Middle fan ridge people Font steelframe is divided into again middle fan ridge first half fan steelframe and middle fan ridge later half fan steelframe;Right wing ridge herringbone steelframe is divided into again Right wing ridge first half fan steelframe and right wing ridge later half fan steelframe.The solar panel of odd number block is all arranged on upper end, such as: 1, 3,5,7,9,11 pieces of solar panels, the solar panel of even numbered blocks is all arranged on lower end, such as: 2,4,6,8,10,12 pieces Solar panel.Previous group ridge herringbone steelframe cannot be connected, only in vertically with later group ridge herringbone steelframe Mounting means carries out the marching method organized and organize: if change vertically arranged one piece of solar panel of installation into, solar-electricity The length of pond plate must be the twice of solar panel width.Before previous group ridge herringbone steelframe is following wall with after If face wall is respectively provided with 4 rectangle standpipe pillars the most respectively, the long limit of rectangle is 0.1 meter, rectangle minor face is 0.08 meter, later group room Ridge herringbone steelframe is identical with previous group ridge herringbone steelframe.Assuming that: ridge scarp slope steelframe is with ridge adverse grade steelframe all It is to be processed into the angle steel of equilateral 60 × 60 × 5 millimeters, ridge scarp slope steelframe and the ridge drift angle etc. of ridge adverse grade steelframe Separated time, is i.e. the center line of ridge scarp slope steelframe and ridge adverse grade steelframe, is segmented into ridge scarp slope steelframe and ridge from midline Adverse grade steelframe.Ridge scarp slope steelframe is vertically arranged installation one block length be 2 meters, width be the solar panel of 1 meter; Ridge adverse grade steelframe is arranged equally one piece of identical solar panel is installed.Two of two ends, ridge scarp slope steelframe left and right The width that hypotenuse angle steel is parallel, vertical is 1.3 meters, and the length of two hypotenuse angle steel is 2 meters, then intercepts two root lengths of same size Degree is the angle steel of 1.29 meters, and the two ends of these two angle steel is carried out corresponding machining, makes the two ends can be with two ends The shape of hypotenuse corresponding matching welding, gets up, by mutual for two hypotenuses at two ends, left and right during welding, first by four limit square frame docking Parallel put the most greatly, on the most flat platform, then, putting of being more also parallel to each other by manufactured two angle steel is flat On platform, make four limits of square frame-shaped steelframe not only be parallel to each other, but also be mutually perpendicular to, the Dou Shi right angle, four angles of square frame, it is necessary to ensure that Parallel, the vertical dimension of two hypotenuse outer edges is 1.3 meters, it is necessary to ensure that parallel, the vertical dimension of two angle steel outer edges are 2 Rice, to welding connecting after, necessary firm welding, then, then intercepts 1.89 meters of long angle steel of two same sizes, right The two ends of these two angle steel carries out machining, makes two ends and angle steel upper surface necessary vertical, it is also to be ensured that two angle steel Length be 1.88 meters, mark the angle steel width center line of 0.2 meter long respectively in the two ends upper surface of these two angle steel, then, After the angle steel of square frame-shaped steelframe upper and lower side width first marks the width center line of angle steel, then mark the width center line of steelframe, On the basis of the width center line of steelframe, the point that the distance respectively intercepting 0.4 meter respectively intersects with angle steel center line, and Making the vertical line of these four points, on the basis of these four vertical lines, 1.88 meters of long two piece angle steel width center lines, respectively with vertical Line aligns, angle steel upper surface is welded after maintaining an equal level, the ridge scarp slope steelframe welded, and upper surface is smooth plane, and It is in approximately the same plane.With the outer edge at the vertical line of two, upper end of ridge scarp slope steelframe as starting point, the most each section respectively Take the point that the distance of 0.2 meter intersects with two angle steel width center lines, be i.e. two, Solar panel backside upper end internal thread hole The center of circle, more respectively on the basis of first center of circle, then the distance of the most each intercepting 1.6 meters intersects with two angle steel width center lines Point, be i.e. the center of circle of two internal thread holes in Solar panel backside lower end, more respectively on the basis of second center of circle, then divide Respectively intercept the point that the distance of 0.2 meter intersects with framework outer edge, be i.e. the outer edge of solar panel, be also ridge scarp slope The outer edge of steelframe, after ridge scarp slope steelframe determines the lead to the hole site of 4 respective aperture, after Drilling operation, i.e. It is: fully organize and organize the ridge scarp slope steelframe being connected for one.The shape of ridge adverse grade steelframe and structure, and relevant concrete Size, all identical with ridge scarp slope steelframe.
It is transversely mounted shape and the structure of the ridge scarp slope steelframe of mode, such as: Figure 37 schematic front view is shown with Figure 38 left view Shown in being intended to.
If wall respectively sets with wall below before the previous group ridge herringbone steelframe being transversely mounted mode is following Having 4 rectangle standpipe pillars, the long limit of rectangle is 0.1 meter, rectangle minor face is 0.08 meter, and later group ridge herringbone steelframe is with previous Block ridge herringbone steelframe is identical, and the 1st rectangle standpipe pillar center line of previous group left end is to the 4th rectangle of later group right-hand member The span of standpipe pillar center line is 1.32 meters, organizes and organizes the horizontal length held of 5. deltiod steel pipe the being connected span equal to 1.32 meters Deducting 0.08 meter of later difference is 1.24 meters.Group is with to organize the length of 6. X-shaped angle steel lacing wire being connected be 1.24 meters, height is 1.36~1.46 meters.
Main part 6. X-shaped angle steel lacing wire lower end the right and left is respectively provided with one piece of rectangle steel together with angle steel vertical welding Plate, is all to be symmetrical arranged on the basis of the length center line of X-shaped angle steel lacing wire, and one piece of square of welding is erect in the X-shaped angle steel lacing wire lower left corner Shape steel plate, the lower right corner equally erect welding one piece of rectangular steel plates, on square shape steel plate length center line, relevant position is provided with two phases Answer aperture respective center away from through hole, on the basis of the two through hole, then by corresponding for the right and left supporting standpipe lower rod end The pillar liner square iron that inside inwall, in the middle of pier, blind hole upper surface is provided with respectively process the interior spiral shell of corresponding two Pit, (note: bore bottom outlet, tapping), and fastened with the hex screw of respective diameters, corresponding length.
Main part 6. X-shaped angle steel lacing wire be by a long root dimension, corresponding length angle steel with as specification two and half Root angle steel forms, if a long root angle steel upper right corner is and the shape of corresponding rectangular steel plates corresponding matching transverse weld, lower-left Angle is the shape vertically welded with corresponding rectangular steel plates corresponding matching, and the half root angle steel upper left corner of top is and corresponding rectangle The shape of steel plate corresponding matching transverse weld, is processed into half root angle steel lower end of top and intersects with long root angle steel intermediate formation Shape, is also machined to half following root angle steel upper end and long root angle steel intermediate formation cross shaped head, after welding is good, makes It is similar that half root angle steel of top is such as both an angle steel with half following root angle steel, the half following lower right corner, root angle steel lower end be with The shape that corresponding rectangular steel plates corresponding matching is vertically welded.The X-shaped angle steel lacing wire upper left corner and the horizontal rectangular steel plates in the upper right corner and The lower left corner is 0.16~0.2 meter with the length of the vertical rectangular steel plates in the lower right corner.The width of rectangular steel plates: if stood with rectangular steel tube Tube support correspondence is identical with rectangular steel tube outside dimension when connecting, or is slightly less than rectangular steel tube external diameter;And if rectangular steel pipe When standpipe pillar correspondence connects, identical with the outside dimension on rectangle steel pipe range limit, or it is slightly less than the external diameter on rectangle steel pipe range limit, The thickness of rectangular steel plates is 6~10 millimeters.
The shape of X-shaped angle steel lacing element and structure, as: shown in Figure 35 schematic front view and Figure 36 left view schematic diagram.
The steel part that every " this method " uses, be whether transversely mounted mode integral left, in, right wing ridge herringbone steel Frame;The integral left of vertical mounting means, in, right wing ridge herringbone steelframe;And be to organize the ridge scarp slope steelframe being connected with group With ridge adverse grade steelframe;Ridge arch girder steel, rectangular steel tube standpipe pillar, rectangular steel pipe standpipe pillar, deltiod steel pipe is horizontal to be held, Overall left, center, right fan X-shaped angle steel lacing wire and the outer surface of band steel auxiliary must process, processing method: use for reference national grid The materials such as the angle steel that the steelframe steel tower of conveying high-pressure electricity is used, and steel tower steel part is carried out the complete phase of method of surface process With.
4 square standpipe pillars that wall before following for lightly constructed and simply equipped building one block ridge herringbone steelframe is respectively provided with wall below Or 4 rectangle standpipe pillars, left, center, right fan the most respectively each install deltiod steel pipe horizontal hold with X-shaped angle steel lacing wire with After, before the front surface (being i.e. outer surface foremost) of 4 standpipe pillars of wall and the horizontal front surface held of deltiod, and X-shaped The front surface (being i.e. the outer surface of angle steel plane foremost) of angle steel lacing wire is all fair and be in approximately the same plane; (being i.e. outer surface backmost) and the horizontal rear surface held of deltiod below after 4 standpipe pillars of wall, and X-shaped angle steel draws After muscle (being i.e. the outer surface of angle steel plane backmost), also it is fair and is in approximately the same plane.Then to this The room frame of one group of entirety lightly constructed and simply equipped building carries out smooth vertical and horizontal correction, and standpipe pillar must be vertical, the horizontal level of being sure to of holding, foundations basis The pier of part is sub must be same horizontal plane with shorter thin wall upper surface, if it find that variant time, interim cushioning is levelling, After calibrated, when confirming errorless, finally with high-mark cement or expanding cement, the tube head of 8 standpipe lower rod end is inserted in wall In the middle of buttress in blind hole, in blind hole surrounding, there is corresponding gap, by the cement become reconciled respectively pour in blind hole, fill up Compacting, after treating that health preserving is good, floating to interim cushioning position cement.Be finally by color steel sheet wide to 0.9 meter wide or 1 meter with Above 4 standpipe pillar foremosts of wall and X-shaped angle steel lacing wire foremost are docked, in pier shorter Bao Qiang top, with coloured silk Steel sheet will above walled dammed up come, and bore several apertures, draw with corresponding screw or rivet and standpipe pillar, X-shaped angle steel Rib is connected into and is integrated;The method that is connected with the combination of wall below with color steel sheet and by coloured silk steel sheet and the group of above wall Close the method being connected in one identical.After before lightly constructed and simply equipped building, wall steel sheet enclosing color with wall below gets up, by Ground (being i.e. road surface in arch door shape passage) is 1.3~1.5 meters to the height of color steel sheet upper end.By color steel sheet upper end to flat The horizontal vertical height held of rectangular steel tube is 0.4~0.6 meter, and is unlimited entirely.
Indicate: part drawing all do not drawn by color steel sheet and standard component.Because black cross is all used in the position of figure faciostenosis manhole Represent.
The composition of solar photovoltaic generation system:
Solar photovoltaic generation system is made up of solar battery group, controller for solar, accumulator (group).As exported electricity Source is alternating current 220V or 110V, in addition it is also necessary to configuration inverter, acting as of each several part:
(1) solar panel: solar panel is the core in solar power system, is also solar energy Electricity generation system is worth the highest part.Its effect is that the radianting capacity of the sun is converted to electric energy, or is sent in accumulator deposit Storage is got up, or promotes loaded work piece.
(2) controller for solar: the effect of controller for solar is the duty controlling whole system, and to electric power storage The effect of additives for overcharge protection, over is played in pond.In the place that the temperature difference is bigger, qualified controller also should possess temperature and mend The function repaid.Other additional functions such as light-operated switch, time switch should be all the options of controller.
(3) accumulator: generally lead-acid battery, in little microsystem, it is also possible to Ni-MH battery, nickel-cadmium cell or lithium electricity Pond.Its effect is the electrical power storage sent by solar panel when there being illumination, discharges the when of to needs again Come.
(4) inverter: the directly output of solar energy is typically all 12VDC, 24VDC, 48VDC.For can be to the electricity of 220VAC Device provides electric energy, needs the direct current energy sent by solar power system to be converted into AC energy, it is therefore desirable to use DC- AC inverter.
" this method " has prominent substantive distinguishing features and significantly progress, and can produce great good effect.
The existing grid-connected photovoltaic power generation system of China: be exactly solar components produce unidirectional current turn through combining inverter Change into and be directly accessed public electric wire net after meeting the alternating current that utility grid requires.Grid-connected photovoltaic power generation system has centralized large-scale Grid-connected photovoltaic power station, the most national power station, be mainly characterized by be delivered directly to electrical network by generating electricity, electrical network unify Allotment is to customer power supply, but the investment of this power station is big, construction period length, floor space are big, and development difficulty is relatively large.And disperse The small-sized grid-connected photovoltaic system of formula, particularly BIPV electricity generation system, owing to investment is little, it is fast to build, floor space is little, The advantages such as policy support great efforts, are the main flows of grid-connected photovoltaic power generation.
" this method " is to arrange, along roadside, the method that lightly constructed and simply equipped building Emergency Vehicle Lane installs solar panel, and it is to utilize Ridge herringbone steelframe on lightly constructed and simply equipped building room lid arranges installation solar panel (assembly) and by solar panel as room The cover plate of ridge room lid is utilized.One block ridge herringbone steelframe contains left fan, middle fan, right wing ridge herringbone steelframe, often fans It is divided into again ridge first half fan steelframe and ridge later half fan steelframe, every half fan steelframe that two pieces of solar panels, a block are all installed If ridge herringbone steelframe is by 6 meters of long calculating, altogether 12 pieces of solar panels (assembly) of installation.It is to use ridge that group is connected with group Scarp slope steelframe and ridge adverse grade steelframe, if by 1 meter of long calculating, respectively each installs 1 piece, comes to two pieces of solaodes Plate.The length coming to 7 meters amounts to 14 pieces of solar panels of installation.If the length at one side lightly constructed and simply equipped building of highway is 70 meters Time, installing altogether solar panel is 140 pieces, if when the length of the both sides lightly constructed and simply equipped building of highway is all 70 meters, and Yi Gongan Dress solar panel is 280 pieces.If roadside can not be arranged the section of lightly constructed and simply equipped building Emergency Vehicle Lane, as bridge, tunnel, Crossroad that vehicle crosses, traffic lights crossroad, and the occupied section of other purposes are all referred to as: lightly constructed and simply equipped building breaks vacant lot Section.The length of one kilometer is 1000 meters, if lightly constructed and simply equipped building breaks vacant lot, section accounts for 20%, is i.e. 200 meters, can to arrange lightly constructed and simply equipped building emergent The section in track accounts for 80%, is i.e. 800 meters, and the lightly constructed and simply equipped building 800 meters of length can arrange 1600 pieces of solaodes of installation Plate, lightly constructed and simply equipped building on both sides of the road can arrange altogether 3200 pieces of solar panels of installation.If when 10 kilometers, the disconnected sky of lightly constructed and simply equipped building Location is 2 kilometers altogether, can arrange 16000 pieces of solar energy electroplaxs of installation in the lightly constructed and simply equipped building upper end of 8 kilometers of long highways, public 32000 pieces of solar panels of installation are set the most altogether.If when 50 kilometers, lightly constructed and simply equipped building breaks, and to come to 10 public for vacant lot section In, 80,000 pieces of solar panels of installation can be set in the lightly constructed and simply equipped building upper end of 40 kilometers of long highways, roadside is altogether 160,000 pieces of solar panels of installation are set.If when 100 kilometers, lightly constructed and simply equipped building vacant lot section of breaking comes to 20 kilometers, public 80 The lightly constructed and simply equipped building upper end, one side of the highway of borough chief can arrange 160,000 pieces of solar panels of installation, and roadside arranges altogether installation 320000 pieces of solar panels.If build the centralized large-scale grid-connected photovoltaic electricity of 25 kilometers long on China's XX highway both sides Standing, wherein having 5 kilometers is that lightly constructed and simply equipped building breaks vacant lot section, has the lightly constructed and simply equipped building upper end of 20 kilometers of long highways can arrange installation 4 Ten thousand pieces of solar panels, roadside arranges altogether 80,000 pieces of solar panels of installation in lightly constructed and simply equipped building upper end.
The substantive distinguishing features that " this method " is the most prominent is to be not take up land area, only takes up solid space, solves mesh Before, China grid-connected photovoltaic power generation system build the difficult problem that centralized large-scale grid-connected photovoltaic power station floor space is big, " this method " energy The enough ground that installation solar panel (assembly) is set providing sufficient, meeting China's photovoltaic generation industry fast development needs Side, can replace the light of existing centralized large-scale grid-connected photovoltaic power station completely with the ridge herringbone steelframe of lightly constructed and simply equipped building Emergency Vehicle Lane Volt square formation support, it is also possible to the photovoltaic arrays support in substitutional theorem formula photovoltaic generating system basic equipment completely.
Structure further instruction to lightly constructed and simply equipped building below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is lightly constructed and simply equipped building arch door shape passage main TV structure schematic diagram, wherein marks: 1 is ridge rhombus thin skin steel pipe fitting, 2 is solar panel (assembly), and 3 is ridge arch girder steel part, and 4 is arch band steel auxiliary, and 5 is pillar plug angle bar part, and 6 are Square or rectangle vertical pipe support column piece, 7 is standpipe pillar liner square iron part, and 8 is body of wall and foundations basic part.
Fig. 2 is in lightly constructed and simply equipped building one block ridge herringbone steelframe, left fan ridge first half fan steelframe fans steel with middle fan ridge first half The most corresponding supporting middle part body of wall standpipe pillar of frame and lower wall body and foundations basic part, before wall outer surface do not have and color steel Thin plate correspondence is the main structural representation regarded before connecting, and wherein marks: 9 is that middle fan ridge first half fans steel frame of steel, and 10 is left fan room Ridge first half fan steel frame of steel, 11 is the left fan horizontal bearing member of deltiod steel pipe, and 12 is the middle fan horizontal bearing member of deltiod steel pipe, and 13 is left fan X-shaped Angle steel lacing element, 14 is middle fan X-shaped angle steel lacing element.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 be structure chart Fig. 2 of lightly constructed and simply equipped building Emergency Vehicle Lane of the present invention be lightly constructed and simply equipped building left first half fan steelframe and above wall knot Composition
Fig. 3 be ridge rhombus thin skin steel pipe fitting front view Fig. 4 be ridge arch girder steel part front view
Fig. 5 be ridge arch girder steel part upward view Fig. 6 be ridge arch girder steel part left view
Fig. 7 be left fan ridge first half fan steel frame of steel front view Fig. 8 be left fan ridge first half fan steel frame of steel left view
Fig. 9 be middle fan ridge first half fan steel frame of steel front view Figure 10 be middle fan ridge first half fan steel frame of steel left view
Figure 11 be vertical left fan ridge first half fan steel frame of steel front view Figure 12 be that vertical left fan ridge first half fan steel frame of steel is left View
Figure 13 be vertical middle fan ridge first half fan steel frame of steel front view Figure 14 be that vertical middle fan ridge first half fan steel frame of steel is left View
Figure 15 be ridge scarp slope steel frame of steel front view Figure 16 be ridge scarp slope steel frame of steel left view
Figure 17 be arch band steel auxiliary front view Figure 18 be arch band steel auxiliary left view
Figure 19 be rectangular steel tube vertical pipe support column piece front view Figure 20 be rectangular steel tube vertical pipe support column piece left view
Figure 21 be rectangular steel pipe vertical pipe support column piece front view Figure 22 be rectangular steel pipe vertical pipe support column piece left view
Figure 23 is body of wall and foundations basic part front view Figure 24 is body of wall and foundations basic part top view
Figure 25 be rectangular flat plate parapet part front view Figure 26 be rectangular flat plate parapet part upward view
Figure 27 be left side strut plug angle bar part front view Figure 28 be left side strut plug angle bar part left view
Figure 29 be right side strut plug angle bar part front view Figure 30 be right side strut plug angle bar part right view
Figure 31 be square section steel tube pole liner square iron part front view Figure 32 be square section steel tube pole liner square iron part left view
Figure 33 be rectangular steel pipe pillar liner square iron part front view Figure 34 be rectangular steel pipe pillar liner square iron part left view
Figure 35 be X-shaped angle steel lacing element front view Figure 36 be X-shaped angle steel lacing element left view
Figure 37 be horizontal ridge scarp slope steel frame of steel front view Figure 38 be horizontal ridge scarp slope steel frame of steel left view.
Detailed description of the invention:
I think realization " this method " it is preferable that: first have to popularization and application, be embodied as " this method | " and include in Country " 13 " in the works, will make " this method " to become " pioneer " that " one with a road " is built, and " this method " be received Enter in " band one tunnel " construction plan, make " this method " to become " one with a road " and build important ingredient.Will be complete in the whole nation Face ground popularization and application, it is embodied as the novel Urbanization Construction of " this method " and China and combines closely and carry out, make " this method " Really become " pioneer " of the novel Urbanization Construction of China.Enforcement " this method " and China's development of the West Regions are combined Come, make " this method " to become " pioneer " of construction of the West Region key city.In China's development of the West Regions, popularization and application are implemented " this method " has advantageous advantage: China is located in the Northern Hemisphere, north and south distance and thing distance all more than 5000 kilometers. On the soil that China is wide, there is abundant solar energy resources.Most of areas annual day amount of radiation is at every square metre 4,000 More than watt-hour, Tibet day amount of radiation is up to every square metre of 7 kilowatt hours.Year, sunshine time was more than 2000 hours.This is to implement " this Method " extremely beneficial natural conditions.
Getting rich, first repair the roads, in national novel Urbanization Construction, building highway is the infrastructure project in each cities and towns, How highway should be built?It is related to the development prospect of country.If energy promotion and implementation " this method ", building the same of highway Time, to build lightly constructed and simply equipped building Emergency Vehicle Lane at roadside, and install solar panel on ridge herringbone steelframe, this is not only Build up highway, and build up the excellent power station of the grid-connected light of the large, medium and small type of the some seats of highway formula with Chinese characteristics.
Grid-connected photovoltaic power generation system builds that highway formula is big or middle, the excellent power station of the grid-connected light of type the most on a highway.If: The section of the most a length of 20 kilometers, is designed with lightly constructed and simply equipped building Emergency Vehicle Lane at roadside, and is mounted with 80,000 pieces of sun Energy cell panel " assembly ", the unidirectional current produced by these 80,000 pieces of solar components is converted into through combining inverter and meets civil power electricity Net require alternating current after be directly accessed public electric wire net be referred to as: the large-scale grid-connected photovoltaic power station of highway formula.Will be at highway The section of upper a length of 10 kilometers, is designed with lightly constructed and simply equipped building Emergency Vehicle Lane at roadside, and is mounted with 40,000 pieces of solar panels " assembly ", the unidirectional current produced by these 40,000 pieces of solar components is converted into through combining inverter and meets what utility grid required It is directly accessed public electric wire net after alternating current to be referred to as: the medium-sized grid-connected photovoltaic power station of highway formula.
Main trunk road and the both sides of ring road that in city, bus travels are provided with lightly constructed and simply equipped building Emergency Vehicle Lane, and install The solar panel of respective numbers (assembly), the length of highway section below 10 kilometers, all can be described as: highway formula is little Type grid-connected photovoltaic system, also known as distributing generating or distribution energy supply, refers to that the both sides of highway arrange lightly constructed and simply equipped building in cities and towns and meets an urgent need Track, and be mounted with the solar panel (assembly) of respective numbers, several that highway is divided into again length do not waits are less Photovoltaic generation electric power system, to meet the demand of electric automobile charging pile and charging station, support again the economy of present power distribution network Run.Lightly constructed and simply equipped building vacant lot section of breaking also includes arranging the place of the basic equipment installing distributed photovoltaic power generation system.Distributed light The basic equipment of photovoltaic generating system include photovoltaic cell component (note: in lightly constructed and simply equipped building upper end in full install solaode Plate (assembly), photovoltaic arrays support (note: substituted with lightly constructed and simply equipped building ridge herringbone steelframe), direct current conflux case, DC distribution The equipment such as cabinet, combining inverter, AC power distribution cabinet/AC distribution panel, the most also electric power system supervising device and environment monitoring device.It runs Pattern is under conditions of having solar radiation, and the solar cell module array of photovoltaic generating system is by solar energy conversion output Electric energy, through direct current conflux case concentrate send into DC power distribution cabinet, by combining inverter be reverse into alternating current supply own load, Unnecessary or not enough electric power regulates by coupling electrical network.
National Energy Board issues " distributed photovoltaic power generation project management Tentative Measures " " Article 4 on November 18th, 2013 Energy authorities of State Council are responsible for whole nation distributed photovoltaic power generation planning guidance and supervision management;" earnest wish State Council's energy Source authorities can in the whole nation all sidedly popularization and application implement " this method " give enough attention and support energetically, in conjunction with me The national conditions of state, combine " one with a road " and build, combine novel Urbanization Construction, combine development of the West Regions, build novel center The needs in city, the objective of the struggle of " two 100 years " in order to realize, it should overall planning, make long limit, China can be promoted Medium-term and long-term plans economic Sustainable Development, practicable.Advise and earnest request to energy authorities of State Council: should Country's relevant policies carry out the adjustment of necessity, and the large-scale grid-connected photovoltaic power station of highway formula that " this method " builds is medium-sized with highway formula Grid-connected photovoltaic power station, and the small-sized grid-connected photovoltaic system of highway formula, maximum feature is not take up land area exactly.At present, existing Some dispersed miniature grid-connected photovoltaic systems, owing to investment is little, build the advantages such as fast, little, the policy support great efforts of floor space, It it is the main flow of grid-connected photovoltaic power generation.Earnestly ask country and can preferentially support the construction project of " this method ", and the holding power of increasing policy Degree;Make construction highway formula large, medium and small type grid-connected photovoltaic power station project, it is possible to become drive and lead China's photovoltaic generation industry fast Hail " pioneer " of exhibition.
Now plan as a example by the newly-built highway by Sichuan to Tibet in order to illustrate by China: assume: these public affairs The bridge on road, tunnel are more, longer, and it is 100 kilometers that enforcement " this method " can build the section mileage of lightly constructed and simply equipped building Emergency Vehicle Lane, because of Investing huge still has financing gap, also can not build a highway formula large-scale grid-connected photovoltaic electricity in the last year put into operation Stand, in this case, concentrating finance, human and material resources, first roadside can be arranged lightly constructed and simply equipped building Emergency Vehicle Lane Both sides, 100 kilometers of sections, the foundations basic part that lightly constructed and simply equipped building lower end is provided with: i.e.: above each group of wall bottom is designed with 6 meters How long with being provided with square blind hole or rectangle blindly hole in the middle of four pier, four pier sub-folders the room of three sections shorter thin walls Base basic part, it is the integrated poured component of armored concrete, it is also possible to be overall prefabricated component, after wall bottom with under above wall Portion is identical.Yao Cong highway can build the starting point of lightly constructed and simply equipped building start, one group, one group (note: have between group with group corresponding away from From), pour into a mould one by one, to completing to by the most integrated poured for the foundations basic part on both sides, 100 kilometers of sections, and to pouring into a mould after Health preserving work carried out by foundations basic part.First many time last year that this Shi highway puts into operation complete building lightly constructed and simply equipped building The foundations foundation engineering of Emergency Vehicle Lane.After completion, roadside more than road surface, be respectively arranged with 0.5 meter high shorter thin wall twice, emergent Vehicle travels in the middle of the thinnest wall.If the Second Year built, being i.e. to assemble the second half year in 2017 10 kilometers long simple Room, installs altogether 40,000 pieces of solar panels (assembly), builds up a medium-sized grid-connected photovoltaic power station of highway formula.If 2018 Year assembles again 20 kilometers of long lightly constructed and simply equipped buildings.80,000 pieces of solar panels (assembly) are installed altogether, build up a highway formula large-scale also Net photovoltaic plant.If 30 kilometers of long lightly constructed and simply equipped buildings were assembled in combination again in 2019,120,000 pieces of solar panels are installed altogether (assembly), builds up a large-scale grid-connected photovoltaic power station of highway formula and a medium-sized grid-connected photovoltaic power station of highway formula.If 2020 40 kilometers of long lightly constructed and simply equipped buildings are assembled in year combination again, install altogether 160,000 pieces of solar panels (assembly), build up Liang Zuo highway formula Large-scale grid-connected photovoltaic power station.This highway is to put into operation during China " 13 " plans, at roadside altogether building Lightly constructed and simply equipped building Emergency Vehicle Lane is 100 kilometers, altogether installs 400,000 pieces of solar panels (assembly), builds up altogether four highway formulas big Type grid-connected photovoltaic power station and the Liang Zuo medium-sized grid-connected photovoltaic power station of highway formula.Triumph in the date that China builds up well-off society comprehensively The construction task completing this highway.

Claims (9)

1. the method that lightly constructed and simply equipped building Emergency Vehicle Lane installs solar panel is set along roadside, it is characterized in that: lightly constructed and simply equipped building It is divided into upper, middle, and lower part, one is the ridge room cover on top, two is the body of wall standpipe leg portion at middle part, three is bottom Body of wall and foundations basic part part;The shape of the main part 1. ridge arch girder steel in ridge room, lightly constructed and simply equipped building top lid and structure; The shape of the 2. ridge herringbone steelframe of the main part in ridge room lid and structure;The ridge scarp slope that group in ridge room lid is connected with group The shape of steelframe and ridge adverse grade steelframe and structure;In the middle part of lightly constructed and simply equipped building body of wall rectangular steel tube or rectangular steel pipe standpipe pillar upper end with Ridge arch girder steel connection plug, left and right sides pillar plug angle bar, the horizontal shape held of deltiod steel pipe are connected with structure and combination; The pillar liner square iron of rectangular steel tube or rectangular steel pipe standpipe lower rod end, the shape of X-shaped angle steel lacing wire and structure, and with vertical Tube support, the combination of liner square iron connect;Blind hole in the middle of the shape of lightly constructed and simply equipped building bottom foundations basic part and structure, and pier Combination with standpipe lower rod end is connected;Previous group foundations basic part is connected with later group foundations basic part, and rectangle The shape of flat board parapet and structure;Square or rectangle standpipe pillar outer surface steel color with the outer surface of X-shaped angle steel lacing wire is thin Plate enclosing is connected to become in the middle part of lightly constructed and simply equipped building the body of wall of above wall and wall below.
A kind of side that lightly constructed and simply equipped building Emergency Vehicle Lane installation solar panel is set along roadside the most according to claim 1 Method, it is characterised in that: the shape of the main part 1. ridge arch girder steel in ridge room, lightly constructed and simply equipped building top lid and structure, ridge arch steel The ridge arch supporting member that beam is horizontally oriented, is the width along lightly constructed and simply equipped building, is that frame is at above wall and wall below Girder steel on square or rectangle standpipe pillar, it makes with thicker steel plate is machined, and upper end is herringbone room Ridge and ridge drift angle, ridge top angular bisector, is i.e. the center line of ridge arch girder steel, the extended line of ridge drift angle bisector and Lightly constructed and simply equipped building width center line coincides;The lower end of ridge arch girder steel is arch, is respectively arranged at the two ends with and square or square about arch The plug that shape standpipe pillar connects, and be respectively provided with the through hole of two respective aperture warps on plug, standby with auxiliary pillar plug angle bar Corresponding matching connects;In the ridge drift angle of the ridge arch girder steel top below, in the middle of arch, it is provided with a bigger semicircle Shape through hole, it is that pre-available is through electric wire, cable and the passage of pillar thereof;In the thickness leptoprosopy of ridge arch girder steel lower end Between, be provided with the blind screw hole of several M5 or M6, prepare corresponding with auxiliary band steel connect after, corresponding with arch coloured silk steel sheet again Link together, make lightly constructed and simply equipped building form arch door shape passage;The ridge drift angle of ridge arch girder steel and the room of ridge herringbone steelframe Crestal culmination angle is identical, two hypotenuses at ridge first half fan steelframe and two ends, ridge later half fan steelframe left and right be provided with respective numbers, The through hole of respective aperture warp, is all the ridge arch girder steel upper end herringbone ridge mating holes that is provided with respective through hole.
A kind of side that lightly constructed and simply equipped building Emergency Vehicle Lane installation solar panel is set along roadside the most according to claim 1 Method, it is characterised in that: the shape of the 2. ridge herringbone steelframe of the main part in ridge room lid and structure, ridge herringbone steelframe is room The main support of ridge room lid, ridge herringbone steelframe is machined by the metal angle of dimension and welding processing system The frame unit become, it is to install with the combination of ridge herringbone steelframe with bolt for what solar panel (assembly), the back side were provided with Auxiliary equipment together;On ridge herringbone steelframe, solar panel (assembly) is installed in combination, is divided into two kinds of mounting means: One is to be transversely mounted mode;Another kind is vertical mounting means;The mode of being transversely mounted is by the length of solar panel housing While along the length direction of lightly constructed and simply equipped building;Vertical mounting means is along the width of lightly constructed and simply equipped building by the long limit of solar panel housing Direction;One block ridge herringbone steelframe contains left fan ridge herringbone steelframe, middle fan ridge herringbone steelframe, right wing ridge herringbone Shaped steel frame;Left fan ridge herringbone steelframe is divided into again left fan ridge first half fan steelframe and ridge later half fan steelframe;Middle fan ridge people Font steelframe is divided into again middle fan ridge first half fan steelframe and ridge later half fan steelframe;Right wing ridge herringbone steelframe is divided into again right wing Ridge first half fan steelframe and ridge later half fan steelframe;Every half fan ridge steelframe all arranges two pieces of solar panel (groups of installation Part), during if being transversely mounted mode, the upper end of left, center, right ridge first half fan steelframe fan later half with ridge steelframe is installed and is all The solar panel of odd number block, such as: 1,3,5,7,9,11, under left, center, right ridge first half fan steelframe and ridge later half fan steelframe End installation is all the solar panel of even numbered blocks, such as: 2,4,6,8,10,12;If during vertical mounting means, left, in, It is mounted side by side on right ridge first half fan steelframe: 1 and 2 piece, 3 and 4 pieces, 5 and 6 pieces of solar panels (assembly), on a left side, In, be mounted side by side on right ridge later half fan steelframe: 7 and 8 pieces, 9 and 10 pieces, 11 and 12 pieces of solar panels (assembly); One block ridge herringbone steelframe arranges the most altogether four ridge arch girder steels of installation, first ridge arch girder steel and the Two ridge arch girder steel sandwich are left fan ridge herringbone steelframes;3rd ridge arch girder steel and the 4th ridge Arch girder steel sandwich is right wing ridge herringbone steelframe;Second ridge arch girder steel and the 3rd ridge arch girder steel Sandwich is middle fan ridge herringbone steelframe;Second ridge arch girder steel is left fan ridge herringbone steelframe and middle fan room The common beam of ridge herringbone steelframe, the 3rd ridge arch girder steel is right wing ridge herringbone steelframe and middle fan ridge herringbone steel The common beam of frame.
A kind of side that lightly constructed and simply equipped building Emergency Vehicle Lane installation solar panel is set along roadside the most according to claim 1 Method, it is characterised in that: the group in ridge room lid and the shape organizing ridge scarp slope steelframe and the ridge adverse grade steelframe being connected and structure, If ridge scarp slope steelframe and ridge adverse grade steelframe are all to be processed into the angle steel of equilateral 60X60X5 millimeter, ridge scarp slope Steelframe and the ridge drift angle bisector of ridge adverse grade steelframe, be i.e. the center line of ridge scarp slope steelframe and ridge adverse grade steelframe, therefrom Ridge scarp slope steelframe and ridge adverse grade steelframe it is segmented at line;Be transversely mounted the solar panel of mode, if group with When changing vertically arranged one piece of solar panel of installation on the ridge scarp slope steelframe of group linking and ridge adverse grade steelframe, solar energy The length of cell panel must be the twice of solar panel width;To the solar panel being originally exactly vertical mounting means Organize the length being connected the solar panel only requiring and being arranged side by side on a block ridge herringbone steelframe installation with group with wide Spend identical;One piece of solar panel corresponding matching that ridge scarp slope steelframe and ridge adverse grade steelframe are and vertically install Shape, two hypotenuse angle steel at two ends, left and right be provided with ridge arch girder steel corresponding matching equal number, respective aperture warp logical Hole, by one end of ridge scarp slope steelframe and ridge adverse grade steelframe width respectively and previous group ridge herringbone steelframe left end first The combination of ridge arch girder steel connects together, the most again by the other end difference of ridge scarp slope steelframe with ridge adverse grade steelframe width Connect together with the 4th the ridge arch girder steel combination of later group ridge herringbone steelframe right-hand member, previous group ridge herringbone steel First ridge arch girder steel thickness center line of frame left end is to later group the 4th ridge arch girder steel of ridge herringbone steelframe right-hand member The vertical dimension of thickness center line, is i.e. the span of ridge scarp slope steelframe and ridge adverse grade steelframe.
A kind of side that lightly constructed and simply equipped building Emergency Vehicle Lane installation solar panel is set along roadside the most according to claim 1 Method, it is characterised in that: in the middle part of lightly constructed and simply equipped building body of wall rectangular steel tube or rectangular steel pipe pillar upper end be connected with ridge arch girder steel plug, The horizontal shape held of left and right sides plug angle bar, deltiod steel pipe is connected with structure and combination, and square section steel tube pole or rectangular steel pipe prop up Post: it is the vertical pipe support column piece of ridge herringbone steelframe, a block ridge herringbone steelframe is provided with 8 standpipe pillars below, one group Ridge herringbone steelframe is provided with four ridge arch girder steels, it be frame before lightly constructed and simply equipped building wall with on wall below, before wall set Have 4 standpipe pillars, after wall also be provided with 4 standpipe pillars, a block ridge herringbone steelframe has installed four ridge arch Girder steel, being respectively arranged at the two ends with and the plug of standpipe pillar connection, 4 on the frame four ridge arch girder steels on above wall of it Plug, the most respectively be inserted into above in 4 standpipe pillar upper end rectangular steel tubes of wall or rectangular steel pipe, frame on wall below four 4 four plugs on individual ridge arch girder steel, the most respectively be inserted into 4 standpipe pillar upper end rectangular steel tubes of wall or square below In shape steel steel pipe;Ridge arch girder steel connects the width of plug and square vertical pipe support column internal diameter and rectangle vertical pipe support column length limit Internal diameter is corresponding fit dimension, and the thickness connecting plug of girder steel is inserted in the middle of rectangular steel tube or behind rectangular steel pipe centre, Vertical pipe support column jecket mouth both sides are respectively arranged with corresponding space, and the two space is i.e. plug angle bar and right side plug angle bar on the left of installing Position, pillar plug angle bar is ironcasting, and girder steel is connected plug and is clipped in the middle and connects with girder steel by two plug angle bar of left and right side On the basis of the through hole of two respective aperture that patch plug is provided with, process two correspondences in plug angle bar relevant position, left side and join The internal thread hole closed, processes the through hole with counterbore of two corresponding matching, then uses phase in plug angle bar relevant position, right side The soket head cap screw answered, connects plug combination by left and right side plug angle bar and girder steel and is mounted together, and being inserted into is the most each From standpipe pillar in, behind location, again bore location hole, nail on straight pin;8 standpipe pillar upper ends have installed pillar plug angle After ferrum, before wall count from left to right with wall below, on the right side of the 1st standpipe pillar, horizontal plug angle bar and the 2nd standpipe pillar are left The centre of side horizontal plug angle bar is provided with that deltiod steel pipe is horizontal to be held, right side horizontal plug angle bar and left side horizontal plug angle bar The internal diameter that hold horizontal with deltiod steel pipe is corresponding fit dimension, by the left fan horizontal abbreviation that holds of ridge herringbone steelframe: left fan is horizontal to be held; On the right side of 2nd standpipe pillar with the 3rd standpipe pillar on the left of in the middle of with upper with, be called for short: middle fan is horizontal to be held;3rd standpipe pillar is right On the left of side and the 4th standpipe pillar, centre is all same with upper, is called for short: right wing is horizontal to be held;Shan Hengcheng two ends, left, center, right left and right side is horizontal Plug angle bar is all symmetrically arranged, is all respectively equipped with the through hole of two respective aperture, and on the basis of the two through hole, respectively Process the through hole of Shan Hengcheng two ends, left, center, right corresponding matching, process simultaneously, respectively in the fan X-shaped angle steel lacing wire of left, center, right With the through hole of corresponding matching in the rectangular steel plates of the upper right corner in the upper left corner rectangular steel plates of end the right and left, when assembling, with corresponding Bolt by horizontal holding, plug angle bar, X-shaped angle steel lacing wire be secured together to.
A kind of side that lightly constructed and simply equipped building Emergency Vehicle Lane installation solar panel is set along roadside the most according to claim 1 Method, it is characterised in that: the pillar liner square iron of rectangular steel tube or rectangular steel pipe standpipe lower rod end, the shape of X-shaped angle steel lacing wire With structure, and be connected with the combination of standpipe pillar, liner square iron, in the middle part of lightly constructed and simply equipped building, a block ridge herringbone steelframe following Above wall is respectively provided with 4 square or rectangle standpipe pillars, at 8 standpipe lower rod end respectively with respective the most respectively with wall below The blind hole connection that the sub-mesophase of pier is corresponding, on the basis of the upper surface of pier, in 8 rectangular steel tube standpipe pillars Footpath, or the internal diameter of 8 rectangular steel pipe standpipe pillars, the height being respectively perpendicular upwards 0.16~0.2 meter is to arrange in pillar The position of lining square iron, pillar liner square iron divides two kinds: one is square section steel tube pole liner square iron, it and the internal diameter of rectangular steel tube It is corresponding fit dimension, and in the inwall loading rectangular steel tube of degree of tightness appropriateness, another kind is rectangular steel pipe pillar liner side Ferrum, it is corresponding fit dimension with the internal diameter of rectangular steel pipe, and in the inwall loading rectangular steel pipe of degree of tightness appropriateness;In square Lining square iron is all ironcasting with rectangle liner square iron, and its height is 0.16~0.2 meter;When by square liner square iron or rectangle After lining square iron loads the accurate location of corresponding supporting vertical pipe support column wall, bore hole, location immediately, nail on straight pin;X-shaped angle steel Lacing wire by a long root dimension, corresponding length angle steel with as two and half root angle steel of specification form, if a long root The angle steel upper right corner is and the shape of corresponding rectangular steel plates corresponding matching transverse weld, and the lower left corner is and corresponding rectangular steel plates pair The shape of vertical welding, the half root angle steel upper left corner of top and corresponding rectangular steel plates corresponding matching transverse weld should be coordinated Shape, is processed into half root angle steel lower end of top and long root angle steel intermediate formation cross shaped head, by half following root angle steel Upper end is also machined to and long root angle steel intermediate formation cross shaped head, after welding is good, makes half root angle steel of top and following It is similar that half root angle steel is such as both an angle steel, and the half following lower right corner, root angle steel lower end is and corresponding rectangular steel plates corresponding matching The shape of vertical welding;The X-shaped angle steel lacing wire upper left corner and the horizontal rectangular steel plates in the upper right corner and the lower left corner and the vertical rectangle in the lower right corner The length of steel plate is 0.16~0.2 meter;The width of rectangular steel plates: if during connection corresponding with rectangular steel tube standpipe pillar, and side Shape outer diameter of steel pipes is equivalently-sized, or is slightly less than rectangular steel tube external diameter;If during connection corresponding with rectangular steel pipe standpipe pillar, and The outside dimension on rectangle steel pipe range limit is identical, or is slightly less than the external diameter on rectangle steel pipe range limit;The thickness of rectangular steel plates is 6~10 Millimeter;X-shaped angle steel lacing wire lower end the right and left is respectively provided with one piece of rectangular steel plates together with angle steel vertical welding, is all with X Being symmetrical arranged on the basis of the length center line of shape angle steel lacing wire, the X-shaped angle steel lacing wire lower left corner is respectively erect with the lower right corner and is welded one piece of square Shape steel plate, on rectangular steel plates length center line relevant position be provided with two respective center away from through hole, with the two through hole as base Standard, then by corresponding for the liner square iron being provided with inside corresponding for the right and left supporting standpipe pillar lower end inner wall processing respectively Two internal thread holes, and fastened with the hex screw of respective diameters, corresponding length.
A kind of side that lightly constructed and simply equipped building Emergency Vehicle Lane installation solar panel is set along roadside the most according to claim 1 Method, it is characterised in that: the shape of lightly constructed and simply equipped building bottom foundations basic part blind hole middle with structure and pier and standpipe lower rod end Combination connect, the block the most corresponding supporting body of wall of ridge herringbone steelframe and foundations basic part are two, before wall following First, second, third, fourth pier, after wall be the most also first, second, third, fourth pier, before The left side not shorter thin wall of wall first pier following with wall below;Above wall and following 4th pier of wall below Right side also not shorter thin wall, in the middle of the left side of first pier with the right side of the 4th pier in the middle of, It is respectively provided with the platform of a protruding elongate in shape respectively, and is provided with a recessed strip in the centre of elongate in shape platform Elongated slot, elongated slot is standby when being connected with group with group and prefabricated rectangular flat plate parapet is corresponding supporting is connected;One foundations basic part by The thin wall composition of four sub-sandwich of pier three sections shorter, first ridge arch girder steel and the 1st standpipe pillar, again with the One pier correspondence is supporting;Second ridge arch girder steel and the 2nd standpipe pillar, again with the second pier is corresponding joins Set;First pier and second sub-sandwich of pier are sections of left fan ridge herringbone steelframe lower end corresponding matching Shorter thin wall;3rd ridge arch girder steel and the 3rd standpipe pillar, the again with three pier are corresponding supporting;Second wall Buttress is the corresponding one section shorter supporting thin wall in middle fan ridge herringbone steelframe lower end with the 3rd the sub-sandwich of pier;The Four ridge arch girder steels and the 4th standpipe pillar, the again with four pier are corresponding supporting;3rd pier with the 4th The sub-sandwich of pier is the corresponding one section shorter supporting thin wall in right wing ridge herringbone steelframe lower end;Body of wall and foundations basis Part is armored concrete entirety cast-in-situ component;Body of wall and foundations basic part can also be manufactured into integrated poured prefabricated Part;Body of wall and foundations basic part are embedded in the height of below ground and account for the 4/9 of body of wall and foundations basic part overall height, if body of wall and room The whole height of base basic part is 0.9 meter, and being embedded in underground is 0.4 meter;The height being exposed at more than ground is to account for body of wall and foundations base Plinth part overall height 5/9, be i.e. 0.5 meter;Pier being embedded in underground is big catotropic cutting back side cone shape, be exposed at ground with On pier be square body shape and four angles of square column carried out the biggest chamfering;In the upper end of four pier, respectively On the basis of the cross point of square column type centrage, the center at four piers is respectively provided with that one square or rectangle is blind respectively Hole, square blind hole or the size dimension of rectangle blind hole, be all higher than the outside dimension of the most supporting standpipe pillar, and in blind hole four Week is respectively arranged with the gap of 0.01~0.015 meter with rectangular steel tube or rectangular steel pipe, and the degree of depth of blind hole is with the upper end of four pier Face is starting point, respectively the vertical dimension of each downward 0.25~0.3 meter, is i.e. that four sub-upper ends of pier are respectively provided with one and corresponding join The blind hole depth closed;Three sections shorter thin walls of four sub-sandwich of pier, ground is above flat thin wall, and below ground is Big catotropic cone wall.
A kind of side that lightly constructed and simply equipped building Emergency Vehicle Lane installation solar panel is set along roadside the most according to claim 1 Method, it is characterised in that: previous group foundations basic part is connected and the shape of rectangular flat plate parapet with later group foundations basic part With structure, in the middle of the left side of first pier, it is respectively provided with a recessed length with in the middle of the right side of the 4th pier Bar shaped elongated slot, elongated slot is standby when being connected with group foundations basic part with group and prefabricated rectangular flat plate parapet is corresponding supporting is connected;Long Square plate parapet is armored concrete part, and its length is to organize two pier being connected with group to be provided with the vertical of strip groove Distance is corresponding matching size, and its overall two ends of height is 0.5 meter, and the interlude of lower end and ground have 0.03~0.04 meter Gap, when first sub-left end of pier of previous group foundations basic part is provided with elongated slot, and the 4th wall of later group foundations basic part Buttress right side is provided with elongated slot, when being combined linking, is the strip that a block length square plate parapet inserts two ends, left and right In elongated slot.
A kind of side that lightly constructed and simply equipped building Emergency Vehicle Lane installation solar panel is set along roadside the most according to claim 1 Method, it is characterised in that: the square or outer surface of rectangle standpipe pillar and the color steel sheet enclosing of the outer surface of X-shaped angle steel lacing wire are even Be connected into as the body of wall of above wall and wall below in the middle part of lightly constructed and simply equipped building, lightly constructed and simply equipped building one block ridge herringbone steelframe is following above wall and after Face wall is respectively provided with 4 square or rectangle standpipe pillars, left, center, right fan the most respectively install that deltiod steel pipe is horizontal to be held and X-shaped angle After steel lacing wire, before the front surface of wall and respective 4 standpipe pillars of wall below and the horizontal front surface held of deltiod, and X The front surface of shape angle steel lacing wire is all fair and is in approximately the same plane, is finally by 0.9 meter wide or 1 meter of wide coloured silk Steel sheet docks with above 4 standpipe pillar foremosts of wall and X-shaped angle steel lacing wire foremost, on the shorter thin wall of pier Limit, above walled dammed up will come with color steel sheet, and bore several apertures, with corresponding screw or rivet and standpipe pillar, X-shaped Angle steel lacing element is connected into and is integrated;With color steel sheet and wall assembled connecting method below and the combination connection side of above wall Method is identical;After before lightly constructed and simply equipped building, wall steel sheet enclosing color with wall below gets up, by ground to color steel sheet upper end Height be 1.3 meters~1.5 meters;It is 0.4~0.6 meter by color steel sheet upper end to the horizontal vertical height held of deltiod steel pipe, and And be unlimited entirely.
CN201610065317.2A 2016-01-21 2016-01-21 Along roadside, the method that lightly constructed and simply equipped building Emergency Vehicle Lane installs solar panel is set Pending CN106088439A (en)

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CN106786772A (en) * 2017-01-25 2017-05-31 张德玉 The method that solar panel carries out photovoltaic generation is installed using billboard frame frame

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