CN106082900B - One kind discarding construction refuse regenerated heat-preserving energy-saving brick - Google Patents

One kind discarding construction refuse regenerated heat-preserving energy-saving brick Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106082900B
CN106082900B CN201610373204.9A CN201610373204A CN106082900B CN 106082900 B CN106082900 B CN 106082900B CN 201610373204 A CN201610373204 A CN 201610373204A CN 106082900 B CN106082900 B CN 106082900B
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China
Prior art keywords
brick
cavity
brick body
construction refuse
refuse regenerated
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CN201610373204.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106082900A (en
Inventor
俞火祥
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Jiaxing Sanguantang New Material Co.,Ltd.
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Jiaxing Three Official Hall New Material Co Ltd
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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/02Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing hydraulic cements other than calcium sulfates
    • C04B28/10Lime cements or magnesium oxide cements
    • C04B28/12Hydraulic lime
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C1/00Building elements of block or other shape for the construction of parts of buildings
    • E04C1/40Building elements of block or other shape for the construction of parts of buildings built-up from parts of different materials, e.g. composed of layers of different materials or stones with filling material or with insulating inserts
    • E04C1/41Building elements of block or other shape for the construction of parts of buildings built-up from parts of different materials, e.g. composed of layers of different materials or stones with filling material or with insulating inserts composed of insulating material and load-bearing concrete, stone or stone-like material
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete

Abstract

The invention discloses one kind to discard construction refuse regenerated heat-preserving energy-saving brick, rectangular enclosure including brick body and in brick body, semilune cavity and quincunx cavity, the rectangular enclosure is set to the edge of brick body, several quincunx cavitys are provided in the brick body, the quincunx cavity is formed by equidistant annular outside cylinder cavity combinations isometrical centered on centered cylinder cavity and several cavitys by centered cylinder, the brick body is provided with one and a half months shape cavity four sides, described is provided with semilune cavity between quincunx cavity and rectangular enclosure, eps foam plastics are filled in the rectangular enclosure, high temperature resistant plate is filled in the semilune cavity, the brick body is by the brick powder that gives up, flyash, quick lime, aggregate, additive, water raw material composition.One kind of the present invention discards construction refuse regenerated heat-preserving energy-saving brick, has thermal-insulating waterproof, and performance resistant to high temperature will build useless brick resource recycling, and environmental pollution improvement is of great significance.

Description

One kind discarding construction refuse regenerated heat-preserving energy-saving brick
[technical field]
The present invention relates to the technical field of construction material, in particular to one kind discards construction refuse regenerated heat-preserving energy-saving brick.
[background technique]
With the propulsion of urbanization, the discharge quantity of building waste surges, arbitrarily push over and the phenomenon that environmental pollution more Seriously, the harmonious development of man and nature is destroyed.Building waste refer to it is newly-built, reinforce, remove and fitment process in generate The wastes such as remaining mud, waste residue, mud, building waste quantity account for the 30~40% of China's municipal refuse summation.According to statistics and just Step estimation, the building waste generated to the year two thousand twenty China by New Dwelling project will be more than 5,000,000,000 tons, and in these building rubbish In rubbish, the specific gravity shared by brick that gives up is maximum.Destruction with the dismounting and natural calamity of villages and small towns existing building to old building generates Largely discarded clay brick, clay tile product produced all translates into building solid castoff in the past few decades, and these Building waste cryptoactive with higher has potential regeneration to be worth, and but only minute quantity obtains regeneration, greatly The available useless brick in part destroys soil property, pollutes environment by abandoning, filling stacking.From after " limit is viscous to prohibit in fact ", make full use of discarded viscous Cob brick carries out resource utilization, turns waste into wealth, while assigning the performance and high temperature resistant for discarding construction refuse regenerated brick thermal-insulating waterproof Performance, it is necessary to propose that one kind discards construction refuse regenerated heat-preserving energy-saving brick, environmental pollution improvement and money to building waste Source regeneration has important practical significance.
[summary of the invention]
It is an object of the invention to overcome above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, one kind is provided and discards construction refuse regenerated heat preservation section Can brick, aim to solve the problem that it is lower to the regeneration rate of building waste in the prior art, especially in the presence of cryptoactive The utilization of sintered clay brick is less, pollutes environment, serious the technical issues of destroying ecological environment.
To achieve the above object, discard construction refuse regenerated heat-preserving energy-saving brick the invention proposes one kind, including brick body and Rectangular enclosure, semilune cavity and quincunx cavity, the rectangular enclosure in brick body are set to the edge of brick body, It is provided with several quincunx cavitys in the brick body, the quincunx cavity is by centered cylinder cavity and several with center circle Isometrical equidistant annular outside cylinder cavity combinations form centered on column cavity, and the brick body is provided with one four sides A semilune cavity, described is provided with semilune cavity between quincunx cavity and rectangular enclosure, and the rectangle is empty It is intracavitary to be filled with eps foam plastics, it is filled with high temperature resistant plate in the semilune cavity, the brick body is by following weight percent The raw material of ratio forms:
Preferably, the useless brick powder is by dry under 120~130 DEG C of hot conditions of discarded sintered clay brick for building 18~for 24 hours after, the powder ground through machine, the useless brick powder fineness be 70~90 μm.
Preferably, in the useless brick powder each component weight percent are as follows:
Preferably, the additive is used to excite the chemical activity of useless brick powder, be FDN-A water-reducing agent, sodium hydroxide, The combination of one or more of gypsum, polycarboxylic acids dehydragent, sodium metasilicate and calcium chloride.
Preferably, the additive is 1.8~2.5%FDN-A water-reducing agent, 0.6~1.0% sodium hydroxide and 1.5 ~2.5% gypsum.
Preferably, the aggregate is the sandstone of 1~3mm of partial size.
Beneficial effects of the present invention: compared with prior art, one kind provided by the invention discards construction refuse regenerated heat preservation Energy-saving brick, structurally reasonable, brick body uses construction waste rubbish --- clay brick, grinds to obtain useless brick powder and a small amount of fine coal through machine Ash mixing, the pozzolanic components contained are (mainly by SiO2And Al2O3Composition) content is higher, by with quick lime, aggregate, additional Compression moulding obtains after agent and water stirring, and a small amount of flyash is added and has preferable mobility, convenient for mixing in work progress The stirring of object substitutes flyash using useless brick powder, can not only improve the status of flyash shortage, moreover it is possible to reduce being produced into for the material of brick This, by useless brick resource utilization, eps foam plastics and high temperature resistant plate are furthermore also filled in brick body, impart thermal-insulating waterproof and Performance resistant to high temperature, utility value with higher.
Feature and advantage of the invention will be described in detail by embodiment combination attached drawing.
[Detailed description of the invention]
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram for discarding construction refuse regenerated heat-preserving energy-saving brick of the embodiment of the present invention.
In figure: 1- brick body, 11- rectangular enclosure, 12- semilune cavity, 13- is quincunx cavity, 14- centered cylinder cavity, 15- outside cylinder cavity.
[specific embodiment]
In order to make the objectives, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearer, right below by attached drawing and embodiment The present invention is further elaborated.However, it should be understood that specific embodiment described herein is only used to explain this hair Range that is bright, being not intended to restrict the invention.In addition, in the following description, descriptions of well-known structures and technologies are omitted, with Avoid unnecessarily obscuring idea of the invention.
Refering to fig. 1, the embodiment of the present invention provides one kind and discards construction refuse regenerated heat-preserving energy-saving brick, including brick body 1 and sets In rectangular enclosure 11, semilune cavity 12 and quincunx cavity 13 in brick body 1, the rectangular enclosure 11 is set to brick body 1 Edge, be provided with several quincunx cavitys 13 in the brick body 1, the quincunx cavity 13 is by centered cylinder cavity 14 and several equidistant annular outside cylinder cavitys 15 isometrical centered on centered cylinder cavity 14 be composed, the brick body 1 is provided with one and a half months shape cavity 12 four sides, and the semilune cavity 12 that is provided with is located at quincunx cavity 13 Between rectangular enclosure 11, it is filled with eps foam plastics in the rectangular enclosure 11, is filled in the semilune cavity 12 High temperature resistant plate.
In embodiments of the present invention, brick body 1 uses frame configuration, significantly reduces the weight of brick body 1, while enhancing brick The soundproof effect of body 1 fills eps foam plastics in the outermost rectangular enclosure 11 of brick body 1, so that brick body 1 is protected with waterproof Effect of temperature is filled with high temperature resistant plate in semilune cavity 12, enhances the fire resistance of brick body 1.
Further, the brick body 1 comprises the following raw materials by weight percent:
In embodiments of the present invention, the useless brick powder is by 120~130 DEG C of high temperature items of discarded sintered clay brick for building Dry 18 under part~for 24 hours after, the powder ground through machine, the useless brick powder fineness is 70~90 μm.Due to current flyash Shortage of resources and cause the price of flyash higher, using useless brick powder replace flyash a large amount of uses, production can be substantially reduced Cost, moreover it is possible to which resource utilization discards building waste, has to the environmental pollution improvement and resource regeneration of building waste Important realistic meaning.
Wherein, in the useless brick powder each component weight percent are as follows:
Further, the additive is used to excite the chemical activity of useless brick powder, be FDN-A water-reducing agent, sodium hydroxide, The combination of one or more of gypsum, polycarboxylic acids dehydragent, sodium metasilicate and calcium chloride, the aggregate are 1~3mm's of partial size Sandstone.
Further, the additive be 1.8~2.5%FDN-A water-reducing agent, 0.6~1.0% sodium hydroxide and 1.5~2.5% gypsum.
The foregoing is merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, all in essence of the invention Made any modification, equivalent replacement or improvement etc., should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention within mind and principle.

Claims (7)

1. one kind discards construction refuse regenerated heat-preserving energy-saving brick, including brick body (1) and the rectangular enclosure being set on brick body (1) (11), semilune cavity (12) and quincunx cavity (13), it is characterised in that: the rectangular enclosure (11) is set to brick body (1) edge is provided with several quincunx cavitys (13) in the brick body (1), and the quincunx cavity (13) is in Isometrical equidistant annular outside cylinder cavity (15) group centered on heart cylindrical cavity (14) and several (14) by centered cylinder cavity It closes, the brick body (1) is provided with one and a half months shape cavity (12), the semilune cavity (12) four sides Between quincunx cavity (13) and rectangular enclosure (11), eps foam plastics, institute are filled in the rectangular enclosure (11) It is filled with high temperature resistant plate in the semilune cavity (12) stated, the brick body (1) comprises the following raw materials by weight percent:
Useless brick powder 50~70%
Flyash 2~8%
Quick lime 10~15%
Aggregate 15~20%
Additive 5~10%
Water 10~20%,
Above each raw material weight percentage summation is 100%.
2. one kind as described in claim 1 discards construction refuse regenerated heat-preserving energy-saving brick, it is characterised in that: the brick body (1) it comprises the following raw materials by weight percent:
Useless brick powder 56~58%
Flyash 3~5%
Quick lime 11~13%
Aggregate 17~19%
Additive 5.5~6%
Water 14~20%,
Above each raw material weight percentage summation is 100%.
3. one kind as described in any one of claim 1 and 2 discards construction refuse regenerated heat-preserving energy-saving brick, it is characterised in that: The useless brick powder be by under 120~130 DEG C of hot conditions of discarded sintered clay brick for building dry 18~for 24 hours after, ground through machine Obtained powder, the useless brick powder fineness are 70~90 μm.
4. one kind as described in claim 1 discards construction refuse regenerated heat-preserving energy-saving brick, it is characterised in that: the useless brick The weight percent of each component in powder are as follows:
SiO2 60~65%
Al2O3 20~22%
Fe2O3 10~14%
K2O2~4%
CaO0.2~1.0%
MgO0.1~0.8%.
5. one kind as described in any one of claim 1 and 2 discards construction refuse regenerated heat-preserving energy-saving brick, it is characterised in that: The additive is used to excite the chemical activity of useless brick powder, is FDN-A water-reducing agent, sodium hydroxide, gypsum, polycarboxylic acid diminishing The combination of one or more of agent, sodium metasilicate and calcium chloride.
6. one kind as claimed in claim 5 discards construction refuse regenerated heat-preserving energy-saving brick, it is characterised in that: the additive For 1.8~2.5%FDN-A water-reducing agent, 0.6~1.0% sodium hydroxide and 1.5~2.5% gypsum.
7. one kind as described in any one of claim 1 and 2 discards construction refuse regenerated heat-preserving energy-saving brick, it is characterised in that: The aggregate is the sandstone of 1~3mm of partial size.
CN201610373204.9A 2016-05-30 2016-05-30 One kind discarding construction refuse regenerated heat-preserving energy-saving brick Active CN106082900B (en)

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CN106082900B true CN106082900B (en) 2018-12-14

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113186771A (en) * 2021-04-26 2021-07-30 庞士余 Recycled brick utilizing construction waste
CN113200713A (en) * 2021-04-29 2021-08-03 武晓华 Manufacturing method of novel autoclaved aerated concrete light wall board
CN113374166B (en) * 2021-06-18 2022-08-02 中原科技学院 High-performance recycled aggregate masonry and preparation method thereof

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2398358Y (en) * 1998-05-29 2000-09-27 王凌云 Hollow load-bearing brick
CN201439620U (en) * 2009-07-24 2010-04-21 齐齐哈尔龙铁鸿飞新型墙材有限责任公司 Novel energy-saving and environmental brick
CN201526109U (en) * 2009-08-04 2010-07-14 上海鑫晶山淤泥研发有限公司 Self-heat-insulation river mud sintered perforated brick

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2398358Y (en) * 1998-05-29 2000-09-27 王凌云 Hollow load-bearing brick
CN201439620U (en) * 2009-07-24 2010-04-21 齐齐哈尔龙铁鸿飞新型墙材有限责任公司 Novel energy-saving and environmental brick
CN201526109U (en) * 2009-08-04 2010-07-14 上海鑫晶山淤泥研发有限公司 Self-heat-insulation river mud sintered perforated brick

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Address after: 314300 Xuyou Che Village, Qinshan Street, Haiyan County, Jiaxing City, Zhejiang Province

Patentee after: Jiaxing Sanguantang New Material Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 314300 Xuyou Che Village, Qinshan Street, Haiyan County, Jiaxing City, Zhejiang Province

Patentee before: JIAXING SANGUANTANG NEW MATERIAL Co.,Ltd.

CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder
PE01 Entry into force of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right

Denomination of invention: Waste construction waste regeneration thermal insulation energy-saving brick

Effective date of registration: 20210904

Granted publication date: 20181214

Pledgee: Zhejiang Haiyan Rural Commercial Bank Co.,Ltd. Qinshan sub branch

Pledgor: Jiaxing Sanguantang New Material Co.,Ltd.

Registration number: Y2021330001376

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Date of cancellation: 20230720

Granted publication date: 20181214

Pledgee: Zhejiang Haiyan Rural Commercial Bank Co.,Ltd. Qinshan sub branch

Pledgor: Jiaxing Sanguantang New Material Co.,Ltd.

Registration number: Y2021330001376

PC01 Cancellation of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right