CN106077715A - Small-bore interior spherical surface working device and using method thereof - Google Patents

Small-bore interior spherical surface working device and using method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106077715A
CN106077715A CN201610631682.5A CN201610631682A CN106077715A CN 106077715 A CN106077715 A CN 106077715A CN 201610631682 A CN201610631682 A CN 201610631682A CN 106077715 A CN106077715 A CN 106077715A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
knife bar
tool
hole
small
working
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Granted
Application number
CN201610631682.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106077715B (en
Inventor
陈功振
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Fuzhou University
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Fuzhou University
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Priority to CN201610631682.5A priority Critical patent/CN106077715B/en
Publication of CN106077715A publication Critical patent/CN106077715A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106077715B publication Critical patent/CN106077715B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B5/00Turning-machines or devices specially adapted for particular work; Accessories specially adapted therefor
    • B23B5/36Turning-machines or devices specially adapted for particular work; Accessories specially adapted therefor for turning specially-shaped surfaces by making use of relative movement of the tool and work produced by geometrical mechanisms, i.e. forming-lathes
    • B23B5/40Turning-machines or devices specially adapted for particular work; Accessories specially adapted therefor for turning specially-shaped surfaces by making use of relative movement of the tool and work produced by geometrical mechanisms, i.e. forming-lathes for turning spherical surfaces inside or outside

Abstract

nullThe present invention relates to a kind of small-bore interior spherical surface working device and using method thereof,Including offering the body of tool installing through hole,Install in through hole that be provided with can the knife bar that moves forward and backward up and down of opposite tool body,It is anterior that knife bar front end is positioned at body of tool,Knife bar rear end is positioned at installation through hole,Knife bar front end is provided with lathe tool,Body of tool rear end is provided with end plate,End plate rear portion is provided with T-shaped screw rod,T-shaped screw front end runs through end plate and is connected with knife bar rear end,T-shaped spiro rod rear end is provided with turning handle,The profiling portion matched with knife bar it is provided with on described body of tool,Knife bar rear end is provided with vertical chute,Slide block it is provided with in vertical chute,T-shaped screw front end is connected with slide block,Present configuration is simple,Easily operated,It is applicable to the processing of small-bore Internal Spherical Surface,It is provided with profiling portion,Machining accuracy is high,Steady quality,Labor intensity of operating staff is greatly reduced,Cost is low,Production efficiency is high.

Description

Small-bore interior spherical surface working device and using method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of small-bore interior spherical surface working device and using method thereof.
Background technology
Internal Spherical Surface is the highest to requirement on machining accuracy, especially surface roughness, dimensional accuracy, form and position tolerance is had strict wanting Asking, the processing of Internal Spherical Surface is typically processed on special sphere lathe, but apparatus expensive, processing cost is high, the most existing lathe Being not appropriate for small-bore is carried out inner sphere working, if being placed on engine lathe processing, needing manual operation, complex process, Labor intensity is big, and man-hour is expended many, and production efficiency is low, it is impossible to realize polish, dimensional accuracy, form and position tolerance and surface roughness It is difficult to ensure that, it is difficult to reach Design Requirement Drawing, and be difficult to ensure machining accuracy concordance when batch production, it is difficult to be real Now produce in batches, and production efficiency is low.
Summary of the invention
Pin purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of small-bore interior spherical surface working device and using method thereof.
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, a kind of technical scheme of the present invention is, a kind of small-bore interior spherical surface working device, Including offering the body of tool installing through hole, install in through hole be provided with can the knife bar that moves forward and backward up and down of opposite tool body, cutter It is anterior that bar front end is positioned at body of tool, and knife bar rear end is positioned at installation through hole, and knife bar front end is provided with lathe tool, and body of tool rear end is arranged Having end plate, end plate rear portion to be provided with T-shaped screw rod, T-shaped screw front end runs through end plate and is connected with knife bar rear end, T-shaped Spiro rod rear end is provided with turning handle, and described body of tool is provided with the profiling portion matched with knife bar.
Further, described knife bar rear end is provided with vertical chute, is provided with slide block, T-shaped screw front end in vertical chute It is connected with slide block.
Further, described profiling portion includes the imitation-shaped groove being opened on knife bar and body of tool, is equipped with pin in imitation-shaped groove Axle, is arranged with cylinder outside bearing pin, body of tool is provided with auxiliary body, offers through hole A in auxiliary body, body of tool is provided with The through hole B of through hole A concentric, is provided with fore-set, is provided with plug screw, is provided with between plug screw and fore-set bottom through hole A in through hole B Spring, described fore-set upper end is centre of sphere face and contacts with knife bar.
Further, described body of tool front end is provided with shield.
Further, described lathe tool is fixed on knife bar by holding screw.
The using method of a kind of small-bore interior spherical surface working device, comprises the following steps: (1) turns clockwise rotation hands Handle, T-shaped screw rod can push knife bar and go ahead, and lathe tool enters in the hole that workpiece is to be processed;(2) rotary motion handle, T-shaped spiral shell are continued Bar continues to press on knife bar and gos ahead, and now the bearing pin on knife bar will be walked along the track of imitation-shaped groove so that knife bar is in advance Moving up and down, along with the rotation of workpiece, lathe tool can be according to the shape of imitation-shaped groove, the interior ball of respective shapes of getting on the bus out at workpiece simultaneously Face;(3), after completing inner sphere working, knife bar is return by reversion turning handle.
Compared with prior art, the method have the advantages that simple in construction, it is easy to operation, it is adaptable to small-bore The processing of Internal Spherical Surface, is provided with profiling portion, and machining accuracy is high, and steady quality is greatly reduced labor intensity of operating staff, cost Expense is low, and production efficiency is high.
The present invention will be further described in detail with detailed description of the invention below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of this device;
Fig. 2 is the internal structure schematic diagram of this device.
In figure:
1-workpiece;2-holding screw;3-lathe tool;4-knife bar;5-shield;6-body of tool;7-imitation-shaped groove;8-cylinder;9-bearing pin; 10-slide block;11-end plate;12-T type screw rod;13-turning handle;14-fore-set;15-through hole B;16-plug screw;17-through hole A; 18-spring;19-auxiliary body;20-installs through hole.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Figure 1-2, a kind of small-bore interior spherical surface working device, including offering the body of tool 6 installing through hole 20, peace Be provided with in dress through hole 20 can the knife bar 4 that moves forward and backward of opposite tool body about 6, it is anterior that knife bar 4 front end is positioned at body of tool 6, cutter Bar 4 rear end is positioned at installation through hole 20, and knife bar 4 front end is provided with lathe tool 3, and body of tool 6 rear end is provided with end plate 11, end plate 11 rear portions are provided with T-shaped screw rod 12, and T-shaped screw rod 12 front end is run through end plate 11 and is connected with knife bar 4 rear end, T-shaped screw rod 12 Rear end is provided with turning handle 13, and described body of tool 6 is provided with the profiling portion matched with knife bar 4.
In the present embodiment, described knife bar 4 rear end is provided with vertical chute, is provided with slide block 10, T-shaped spiral shell in vertical chute Bar 11 front end is connected with slide block 10.
In the present embodiment, described profiling portion includes the imitation-shaped groove 7 being opened on knife bar 4 and body of tool 6, in imitation-shaped groove 7 It is equipped with bearing pin 9, outside bearing pin 9, is arranged with cylinder 8, body of tool 6 is provided with auxiliary body 19, in auxiliary body 19, offers through hole A17, body of tool 3 is provided with and the through hole B15 of through hole A17 concentric, is provided with fore-set 14, bottom through hole A17 in through hole B15 Being provided with plug screw 16, be provided with spring 18 between plug screw 16 and fore-set 14, described fore-set 14 upper end is centre of sphere face and connects with knife bar 4 Touch.
In the present embodiment, described body of tool 6 front end is provided with shield 5.
In the present embodiment, described lathe tool 3 is fixed on knife bar 4 by holding screw 2.
The using method of a kind of small-bore interior spherical surface working device, comprises the following steps: (1) turns clockwise turning handle 13, T-shaped screw rod 12 can push knife bar 4 and go ahead, and lathe tool 3 enters in the hole that workpiece 1 is to be processed;(2) rotary motion handle is continued 13, T-shaped screw rod 12 continues to press on knife bar 4 and gos ahead, and now the bearing pin 9 on knife bar 4 will be walked along the track of imitation-shaped groove 7, makes Obtaining knife bar 4 to move up and down while advancing, along with the rotation of workpiece 1, lathe tool 3 can be according to the shape of imitation-shaped groove 7, at workpiece 1 The Internal Spherical Surface of respective shapes of getting on the bus out;(3), after completing inner sphere working, knife bar 4 is return by reversion turning handle.
On be classified as preferred embodiment, the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention are further described, institute It should be understood that and the foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, all the present invention's Within spirit and principle, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvement etc. made, should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a small-bore interior spherical surface working device, it is characterised in that: include offering the body of tool installing through hole, through hole is installed Inside be provided with can the knife bar that moves forward and backward up and down of opposite tool body, it is anterior that knife bar front end is positioned at body of tool, and knife bar rear end is positioned at peace In dress through hole, knife bar front end is provided with lathe tool, and body of tool rear end is provided with end plate, and end plate rear portion is provided with T-shaped screw rod, T Type screw front end runs through end plate and is connected with knife bar rear end, and T-shaped spiro rod rear end is provided with turning handle, on described body of tool It is provided with the profiling portion matched with knife bar.
Small-bore the most according to claim 1 interior spherical surface working device, it is characterised in that: described knife bar rear end is provided with perpendicular Straight runner, is provided with slide block in vertical chute, T-shaped screw front end is connected with slide block.
Small-bore the most according to claim 1 interior spherical surface working device, it is characterised in that: described profiling portion includes being opened in Imitation-shaped groove on knife bar and body of tool, is equipped with bearing pin in imitation-shaped groove, be arranged with cylinder outside bearing pin, and body of tool is provided with auxiliary Body, offers through hole A in auxiliary body, body of tool is provided with and the through hole B of through hole A concentric, is provided with fore-set in through hole B, Being provided with plug screw bottom through hole A, be provided with spring between plug screw and fore-set, described fore-set upper end is centre of sphere face and connects with knife bar Touch.
Small-bore the most according to claim 1 interior spherical surface working device, it is characterised in that: described body of tool front end is provided with Shield.
Small-bore the most according to claim 1 interior spherical surface working device, it is characterised in that: described lathe tool passes through holding screw It is fixed on knife bar.
6. a using method for small-bore interior spherical surface working device, uses small-bore as claimed in claim 3 Internal Spherical Surface to add Frock is put, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps: (1) turns clockwise turning handle, and T-shaped screw rod can push knife bar and go ahead, Lathe tool enters in the hole that workpiece is to be processed;(2) continuing rotary motion handle, T-shaped screw rod continues to press on knife bar and gos ahead, now cutter Bearing pin on bar will be walked along the track of imitation-shaped groove so that knife bar moves up and down while advancing, along with the rotation of workpiece, Lathe tool can be according to the shape of imitation-shaped groove, the Internal Spherical Surface of respective shapes of getting on the bus out at workpiece;(3) after completing inner sphere working, reversion Knife bar is return by turning handle.
CN201610631682.5A 2016-08-04 2016-08-04 Small-bore interior spherical surface working device and its application method Expired - Fee Related CN106077715B (en)

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CN106077715B CN106077715B (en) 2018-02-06

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108145187A (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-06-12 中国航发西安动力控制科技有限公司 For processing the axial cutter and processing technology for being evenly distributed with Internal Spherical Surface slot

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2328686A1 (en) * 1973-06-06 1975-01-16 Guenther Benscheidt Tool guide for machine tool - produces curved, esp. arc-shaped, path for the tool
SU469540A1 (en) * 1972-10-20 1975-05-05 Горьковское Объединение По Производству Автомобилей "Автогаз" Device for processing surfaces of rotation with curvilinear generatrix to a lathe
CN2491161Y (en) * 2001-07-24 2002-05-15 山东汇金股份有限公司 Combined tool for working inner sphere
CN202137383U (en) * 2011-06-03 2012-02-08 哈尔滨飞机工业集团有限责任公司 Fixture for turning of concave spheres
CN202571295U (en) * 2012-05-08 2012-12-05 中国船舶重工集团公司第七二二研究所 Clamp for turning inner spherical surface
CN203343443U (en) * 2013-05-27 2013-12-18 武汉特种工业泵厂有限公司 Inside spherical machining tool of impeller shell
CN204396893U (en) * 2014-12-25 2015-06-17 重庆斯凯迪轴瓦有限公司 Bearing shell interior sphere turning tool
CN204686022U (en) * 2015-06-18 2015-10-07 杭州富阳新锐生物科技有限公司 A kind of rotatable sphere machining tool
CN205869482U (en) * 2016-08-04 2017-01-11 福州大学 Spherical surface machining device in little aperture

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU469540A1 (en) * 1972-10-20 1975-05-05 Горьковское Объединение По Производству Автомобилей "Автогаз" Device for processing surfaces of rotation with curvilinear generatrix to a lathe
DE2328686A1 (en) * 1973-06-06 1975-01-16 Guenther Benscheidt Tool guide for machine tool - produces curved, esp. arc-shaped, path for the tool
CN2491161Y (en) * 2001-07-24 2002-05-15 山东汇金股份有限公司 Combined tool for working inner sphere
CN202137383U (en) * 2011-06-03 2012-02-08 哈尔滨飞机工业集团有限责任公司 Fixture for turning of concave spheres
CN202571295U (en) * 2012-05-08 2012-12-05 中国船舶重工集团公司第七二二研究所 Clamp for turning inner spherical surface
CN203343443U (en) * 2013-05-27 2013-12-18 武汉特种工业泵厂有限公司 Inside spherical machining tool of impeller shell
CN204396893U (en) * 2014-12-25 2015-06-17 重庆斯凯迪轴瓦有限公司 Bearing shell interior sphere turning tool
CN204686022U (en) * 2015-06-18 2015-10-07 杭州富阳新锐生物科技有限公司 A kind of rotatable sphere machining tool
CN205869482U (en) * 2016-08-04 2017-01-11 福州大学 Spherical surface machining device in little aperture

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108145187A (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-06-12 中国航发西安动力控制科技有限公司 For processing the axial cutter and processing technology for being evenly distributed with Internal Spherical Surface slot
CN108145187B (en) * 2017-11-28 2019-08-02 中国航发西安动力控制科技有限公司 For processing the axial cutter and processing technology for being evenly distributed with Internal Spherical Surface slot

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