CN106076596A - Density separation device pressed by a kind of rotating belt strengthening fine - Google Patents

Density separation device pressed by a kind of rotating belt strengthening fine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106076596A
CN106076596A CN201610566528.4A CN201610566528A CN106076596A CN 106076596 A CN106076596 A CN 106076596A CN 201610566528 A CN201610566528 A CN 201610566528A CN 106076596 A CN106076596 A CN 106076596A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
belt
room
tipper
vertical channel
sorting
Prior art date
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Granted
Application number
CN201610566528.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106076596B (en
Inventor
李延锋
张文军
朱荣涛
李东泽
潘浩
戚向前
李义
李宁波
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China University of Mining and Technology CUMT
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China University of Mining and Technology CUMT
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Priority to CN201610566528.4A priority Critical patent/CN106076596B/en
Publication of CN106076596A publication Critical patent/CN106076596A/en
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Publication of CN106076596B publication Critical patent/CN106076596B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03BSEPARATING SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS
    • B03B5/00Washing granular, powdered or lumpy materials; Wet separating
    • B03B5/28Washing granular, powdered or lumpy materials; Wet separating by sink-float separation
    • B03B5/30Washing granular, powdered or lumpy materials; Wet separating by sink-float separation using heavy liquids or suspensions
    • B03B5/36Devices therefor, other than using centrifugal force

Abstract

Density separation device pressed by a kind of rotating belt strengthening fine, and including PID controller, overflow collection groove and sorting post, sorting post includes tipper room and vertical channel room;Tipper chamber interior is provided with the many group belt gear consistent with tipper room incline direction, and many group belt gears include endless-belt, the belt wheel being respectively supported at endless-belt two and carrying roller, closely coupled with vertical channel ceiling portion bottom tipper room;Overflow collection groove is located at the top of tipper room, side, vertical channel room is provided with feeding mouth, is provided with inverted cone cloth stream plate bottom vertical channel room, and the lower section of inverted cone cloth stream plate is provided with water inlet pipe, the centrally disposed underflow discharge mouth that is provided with of inverted cone cloth stream plate, underflow discharge mouth is connected with PID controller.It is greatly accelerated the motion of sorting material, improves treating capacity, provide higher shear rate for sorting, create bigger lifting force, overcome the impact of grain graininess effect in conventional materials sorting, improve the effect of density separation.

Description

Density separation device pressed by a kind of rotating belt strengthening fine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of sorting mineral device, density separation dress pressed by particularly a kind of rotating belt strengthening fine Put.
Background technology
Along with the maximization of gravitational separation equipment, lower limit of separation improves constantly, and flotation easily comes off because of coarse granule from bubble, leads Cause the flotation upper limit low so that the fine grained mineral between gravity treatment and flotation can not get effectively sorting.Thus, the height of fine fraction mineral Effect sorting becomes the emphasis of research both at home and abroad and the sorting research of focus, especially fine particulate coal.
Become most popular method by the gravity treatment of Density Separation material because of its low cost, but fine sinks because of granule Reduction of speed degree is caused lower limit of separation low greatly by particle size influences.Thin space hang plate separator is bigger upper because allowing in ramp way Rise water speed, the disposal ability of increase equipment, and become the visual plant of Fine stuff material separation, but in terms of improving separating effect still Need to improve.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem: the invention aims to overcome weak point of the prior art, it is provided that a kind of simple in construction, place Density separation device pressed by the rotating belt strengthening fine that reason amount is big, the efficiency of separation is high, effective.
Technical scheme: density separation device pressed by the rotating belt strengthening fine of the present invention, including PID controller, overflows Stream collecting tank and sorting post, described sorting post includes tipper room and vertical channel room;Described tipper chamber interior be provided with Many groups belt gear that tipper room incline direction is consistent, many group belt gears include endless-belt, are supported on ring The belt wheel at the upper and lower two of shape belt and carrying roller, moved endless-belt by motor transmission belt wheel belt and rotate along up time direction, accelerates to tilt The flowing of groove indoor material and sedimentation, closely coupled with vertical channel ceiling portion bottom tipper room;Described overflow collection groove sets At the top of tipper room, described side, vertical channel room is provided with feeding mouth, is provided with inverted cone cloth stream plate bottom vertical channel room, falls The lower section of taper cloth stream plate is provided with water inlet pipe, the centrally disposed underflow discharge mouth that is provided with of inverted cone cloth stream plate, underflow discharge mouth with PID controller is connected.
Carrying roller position-adjustable in described belt gear.
The velocity of rotation of described belt gear can be adjusted according to material practical situation.
It is interval with multiple scraper plate on described endless-belt surface.
Described water inlet pipe arranges one or more along vertical channel room periphery.
Beneficial effect, owing to have employed technique scheme, the present invention is by arranging belt drive in tipper room Structure, not only accelerates the motion of sorting material, improves the treating capacity of device;And for providing higher shear rate, produce Bigger lifting force, the separating rate of material after accelerating to be layered, overcome the impact of grain graininess effect in material sorting, and change It is apt to material density separating effect, solves the legacy equipment problem to fine grained sorting mineral deficiency.The present invention's is the most excellent Point has:
1, tipper room is connected on vertical channel room so that the fluidisation water speed of tipper indoor is more than vertical channel indoor water Speed, material sorts under higher water speed, improves the treating capacity of device;
2, hang plate in tipper room being designed as rotating belt group, material is when tipper room sorts, and sedimentation is fast Heavy granule be first deposited on belt slope, slide downward, settle slow light granule and float on a liquid, move upward;Belt Rotating, its upper surface accelerates the downslide of weight granule, and lower surface accelerates the rising of light granule, promotes sorting and the conveying of material, carries The treating capacity of high device;
3, when belt gear rotates, its upper surface counterweight granule beds of precipitation have perturbation action, promote the beds of precipitation Loose, simultaneously upper surface move downward the water velocity gradient increasing belt surface, produce high lifting force so that originally The granule being deposited in the density small grain size on hang plate surface big suspends again, and eventually entering into overflow becomes product, improves device and divides Select effect;
4, use belt gear, according to qualitative change and the actual sorting requirement of sorting material, belt can be regulated Velocity of rotation, obtains different separating effects;
5, multiple water inlet pipe is set along vertical channel room periphery, it is ensured that ascending current more uniform and stable;
6, from structure, vertical channel room and tipper room are combined, reduce floor space, simultaneously indoor at tipper The belt gear of scalable rotating speed is set, had both improve the treating capacity of sorting unit, improve again the sorting effect of sorting unit Really.
Accompanying drawing illustrates:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention.
In figure: 1-feeding mouth, 2-vertical channel room, 3-tipper room, 4-overflow collection groove, 5-belt gear, 6-cloth Stream plate, 7-water inlet pipe, 8-flow control valve, 9-underflow discharge gate, 10-carrying roller, 11-motor, 12-PID controller.
Detailed description of the invention
The invention will be further described for embodiment in below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
The rotating belt strengthening fine of the present invention presses density separation device, mainly by PID controller 12, overflow collection Groove 4, cloth stream plate 6, belt gear 5 and sorting post are constituted;Described sorting post includes tipper room 3 and vertical channel room 2;Institute The tipper room 3 stated is internal is provided with the many group belt gear 5 consistent with tipper room incline direction, organizes belt drive more Structure 5 includes endless-belt, the belt wheel being supported on the upper and lower two of endless-belt and carrying roller 10, the torr in described belt gear 5 Roller 10 position-adjustable, to keep the tensioning degree of endless-belt.The velocity of rotation of described belt gear 5 can be according to material Practical situation is adjusted, to obtain different separating effects.Moved endless-belt by motor transmission belt wheel belt to turn along up time direction Dynamic, accelerate flowing and the sedimentation of tipper indoor material;It is connected with vertical channel room 2 tight bottom tipper room 3;Described Overflow collection groove 4 is located at the top of tipper room 3, and described side, vertical channel room 2 is provided with feeding mouth 1, sets bottom vertical channel room 2 Having inverted cone cloth stream plate 6, the lower section of inverted cone cloth stream plate 6 to be provided with water inlet pipe 7, water inlet pipe 7 arranges one along vertical channel room periphery Or multiple, set as required, be 2 shown in figure, it is ensured that ascending current more uniform and stable.Install on water inlet pipe 7 There is flow control valve 8, the centrally disposed underflow discharge mouth 9 that is provided with of inverted cone cloth stream plate 6, underflow discharge mouth 9 and PID controller 12 It is connected.Being interval with multiple scraper plate on described endless-belt surface, scraper plate is the right angle that bottom surface is fixed on endless-belt surface Plate, spacing distance sets according to sorting practical situation.
Work process: treating that sorting material moves downward in being fed vertical channel room 2 by feeding mouth 1, fluidisation water is respectively from entering Water pipe 7 enters vertical channel room 2, uniformly moves upward through inverted cone cloth stream plate 6, material and fluidisation water in vertical channel room 2 Meet generation fluidization, and along with current rise to enter, in tipper room 2, to carry out between the endless-belt in belt drive 5 Sorting;In material, light granule is stayed in suspension, enters overflow quickly along tipper room 3 and receive under the promotion of endless-belt Collection groove 4;In material, weight granule is deposited in slide downward on endless-belt, is the most also made by drive and the disturbance of endless-belt With, the granule that wherein part granularity is big, density is little is suspended again by the lifting force effect under high shear rates, enters overflow and receives Collection groove 4, the granule that final densities is big returns in vertical channel room 2 quickly, controls underflow discharge mouth 9 row of 12 through PID controller Go out.

Claims (5)

1. rotating belt strengthening fine presses a density separation device, including PID controller (12), overflow collection groove (4) With sorting post, it is characterised in that: described sorting post includes tipper room (3) and vertical channel room (2);Described tipper room (3) inside is provided with the many group belt gear (5) consistent with tipper room incline direction, organizes belt gear (5) bag more Include endless-belt, the belt wheel being supported on the upper and lower two of endless-belt and carrying roller (10), motor transmission belt wheel belt move endless-belt Rotating along up time direction, accelerate flowing and the sedimentation of tipper indoor material, tipper room (3) bottom is pushed up with vertical channel room (2) Portion is closely coupled;Described overflow collection groove (4) is located at the top of tipper room (3), and described vertical channel room (2) side is provided with Feeding mouth (1), vertical channel room (2) bottom is provided with inverted cone cloth stream plate (6), and the lower section of inverted cone cloth stream plate (6) is provided with water inlet pipe (7), the centrally disposed underflow discharge mouth (9) that is provided with of inverted cone cloth stream plate (6), underflow discharge mouth (9) and PID controller (12) phase Even.
Density separation device pressed by a kind of rotating belt strengthening fine the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: institute State carrying roller (10) position-adjustable in belt gear (5).
Density separation device pressed by a kind of rotating belt strengthening fine the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: institute The velocity of rotation stating belt gear (5) can be adjusted according to material practical situation.
Density separation device pressed by a kind of rotating belt strengthening fine the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: institute State and on endless-belt surface, be interval with multiple scraper plate.
Density separation device pressed by a kind of rotating belt strengthening fine the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: institute The water inlet pipe (7) stated arranges one or more along vertical channel room periphery.
CN201610566528.4A 2016-07-18 2016-07-18 A kind of rotating belt strengthens fine and presses density separation device Expired - Fee Related CN106076596B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610566528.4A CN106076596B (en) 2016-07-18 2016-07-18 A kind of rotating belt strengthens fine and presses density separation device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN106076596B CN106076596B (en) 2018-05-18

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Citations (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU695710A1 (en) * 1976-06-22 1979-11-05 Камчатский Филиал Центрального Проектно-Конструкторского И Технологического Бюро Главного Управления Рыбной Промышленности Дальневосточного Бассейна Apparatus for separating heavy admixtures
DE4342850A1 (en) * 1993-12-10 1995-06-14 Gwa Umweltconcept Gmbh Process and assembly to separate wet residues esp. steel bearing a film of oil, plastics and paper
CN1974021A (en) * 2006-12-14 2007-06-06 吕一波 Crude coal slime separating water medium fluidized bed apparatus
CN201012341Y (en) * 2006-11-17 2008-01-30 燕山大学 Multi-barrel water uprising force sizing machine
US20080121574A1 (en) * 2006-11-29 2008-05-29 Jesus Sanchez Torres Device for the separation of waste materials in accordance with their densities
CN201342370Y (en) * 2009-01-07 2009-11-11 煤炭科学研究总院唐山研究院 Water power classifying and sorting integrated device
CN101628256A (en) * 2009-07-31 2010-01-20 河南理工大学 Hindered bed separator
CN203235548U (en) * 2012-11-21 2013-10-16 王玉虎 Separation device
CN103506212A (en) * 2013-09-27 2014-01-15 常州国岱选煤科技有限公司 Novel coarse coal interference bed separator
CN203620769U (en) * 2013-12-09 2014-06-04 中国矿业大学 Fluid distributor of liquid-solid fluidized bed sorting and classifying equipment
CN105344460A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-02-24 汕头市三宝云母科技股份有限公司 Wet process continuous classifying device and method for flaky grains
CN205797469U (en) * 2016-07-18 2016-12-14 中国矿业大学 Density separation device pressed by a kind of rotating belt strengthening fine

Patent Citations (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU695710A1 (en) * 1976-06-22 1979-11-05 Камчатский Филиал Центрального Проектно-Конструкторского И Технологического Бюро Главного Управления Рыбной Промышленности Дальневосточного Бассейна Apparatus for separating heavy admixtures
DE4342850A1 (en) * 1993-12-10 1995-06-14 Gwa Umweltconcept Gmbh Process and assembly to separate wet residues esp. steel bearing a film of oil, plastics and paper
CN201012341Y (en) * 2006-11-17 2008-01-30 燕山大学 Multi-barrel water uprising force sizing machine
US20080121574A1 (en) * 2006-11-29 2008-05-29 Jesus Sanchez Torres Device for the separation of waste materials in accordance with their densities
CN1974021A (en) * 2006-12-14 2007-06-06 吕一波 Crude coal slime separating water medium fluidized bed apparatus
CN201342370Y (en) * 2009-01-07 2009-11-11 煤炭科学研究总院唐山研究院 Water power classifying and sorting integrated device
CN101628256A (en) * 2009-07-31 2010-01-20 河南理工大学 Hindered bed separator
CN203235548U (en) * 2012-11-21 2013-10-16 王玉虎 Separation device
CN103506212A (en) * 2013-09-27 2014-01-15 常州国岱选煤科技有限公司 Novel coarse coal interference bed separator
CN203620769U (en) * 2013-12-09 2014-06-04 中国矿业大学 Fluid distributor of liquid-solid fluidized bed sorting and classifying equipment
CN105344460A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-02-24 汕头市三宝云母科技股份有限公司 Wet process continuous classifying device and method for flaky grains
CN205797469U (en) * 2016-07-18 2016-12-14 中国矿业大学 Density separation device pressed by a kind of rotating belt strengthening fine

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