CN106066264B - Undisturbed high accurancy and precision deep water sampling device - Google Patents

Undisturbed high accurancy and precision deep water sampling device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106066264B
CN106066264B CN201610505797.XA CN201610505797A CN106066264B CN 106066264 B CN106066264 B CN 106066264B CN 201610505797 A CN201610505797 A CN 201610505797A CN 106066264 B CN106066264 B CN 106066264B
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water
drinking
fixed
pedestal
sampling device
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CN106066264A (en
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周跃光
孔德平
刘晓海
吴松
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YUNNAN INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
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YUNNAN INSTITUTE OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N1/00Sampling; Preparing specimens for investigation
    • G01N1/02Devices for withdrawing samples
    • G01N1/10Devices for withdrawing samples in the liquid or fluent state
    • G01N1/14Suction devices, e.g. pumps; Ejector devices
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N1/00Sampling; Preparing specimens for investigation
    • G01N1/02Devices for withdrawing samples
    • G01N1/10Devices for withdrawing samples in the liquid or fluent state
    • G01N1/14Suction devices, e.g. pumps; Ejector devices
    • G01N2001/1418Depression, aspiration

Abstract

The invention belongs to the hydrology, water conservancy and environmental monitoring field, it is related to a kind of water quality sampling device more particularly to undisturbed high accurancy and precision deep water sampling device.It is made of support system, dynamical system, pipeline and control system, support system includes base, the pedestal being horizontally placed on base, pedestal top equipped with bearing block, wheel shaft, the rolling wheel being placed between the bearing block of two sides pedestal top are sleeved on wheel shaft, and workbench, which is fixed on base side, to be located at by pedestal;Dynamical system includes the Straightway self-priming pump being placed on workbench and the power supply device for being connected to Straightway self-priming pump;Pipeline and control system include drinking-water pipe of the coiling on rolling wheel, and the water suction end point of drinking-water pipe is set with counterweight set end and is connected to Straightway self-priming pump, and Straightway self-priming pump connects intake pipe.The present apparatus is scientific and reasonable for structure, easy to operate, easy to use, the water sample of undisturbed precise acquisition difference section, has very strong practicability and applicable surface, convenient for promoting, there is higher economic value.

Description

Undisturbed high accurancy and precision deep water sampling device
Technical field
The invention belongs to the hydrology, water conservancy and environmental monitoring field, are related to a kind of water sample sampling device more particularly to a kind of nothing Disturb high accurancy and precision deep water sampling device.
Background technique
In recent years, with the rapid development of economy, domestic surface water is by different degrees of pollution, these pollution threats The safety of environment and ecology, affect the development in city and the health of the people, thus obtained extensively to the monitoring of surface water Concern.Urgent need based on human development to water resource needs carry out water quality detection waterborne to earth's surface, and screening, which has, to be represented Property index, according to the intension of Water resources security construct Water resources security indicator system, to detection waters water resource pacify Full integral status carries out quantitative, dynamic studies, can reflect the basal conditions of water resource system on the whole.
The existing water quality detection ship with deep water sampling functions is sampled, not enough using more complex equipment for deep water Flexibly and unsightly.Common small-sized water quality sampling device is generally had the rope of length display function by sampling container connection Suo Zucheng.In actual operation, it has the following problems:
(1) Chinese invention patent 201410599847.6 discloses a kind of deep water sampling device, and this kind of water quality collector makes It is allowed to sink down into the depth location for needing to acquire naturally in lake to be measured or ocean water body with needing for sampling container to be put into, by It is that nature falls in collector, needs repeatedly to move up and down in depth to be adopted and acquisition is replaced completely with the water quality for ensuring depth to be adopted Water body in container, therefore collector treats water harvesting layer and produces the strong effect disturbed up and down, the water of acquisition in the process Sample is really the mixed sample of water sample up and down, is not the water sample of depth to be adopted, influences final water quality testing result;
(2) simultaneously, this kind of collection container is immersed in water body always during decline, and therefore, it is difficult to the meetings avoided to make It obtains inside the entrance collection container of the water body of the non-depth water layer to be adopted in part more or less, therefore also can be to final water sample water quality Generate interference;
(3) in actual operation, it generally requires to carry out section sampling to the water layer water body of the different depth in same place, pass When carrying out this demand operation using collection container of system needs to carry out the station of different depth to put down acquisition and holds Device mentions rolling collection container up and down, then pull-up collection container collects water body, then carries out cleaning collection container and interfere to avoid generation, Collection container is put down again later to next target depth water level, repeatable operation process, therefore relatively time consuming effort, working efficiency Lowly;
(4) Chinese invention patent 201110299657.9 discloses a kind of deep water sampling device, which is will be several latent Water pump be put into water body deep carry out system operatio, not only system is cumbersome, using with cost of manufacture height, operate it is also inconvenient and right The power of immersible pump needs very high requirement, and to deep water acquisition, there are the limitations of depth and power, and water pump usage quantity is more, increases Equipment input cost and maintenance cost are added;
Therefore, it is seen that current deep water sampling apparatus is there are many shortcomings, and working efficiency is low, acquisition water sample water Not accurate enough the problem urgent need of body itself improves.
Summary of the invention
Pass through many experiments and improvement with problem, applicant in view of the above-mentioned deficiencies in the prior art, develop nothing High accurancy and precision deep water sampling device is disturbed, overcomes the problems, such as that deep water sampling precision is insufficient while can be improved working efficiency, A kind of deep water sampling apparatus of fast accurate is provided, specifically, the present invention is implemented as follows: undisturbed high accurancy and precision deep water takes Sampling device is made of support system, dynamical system, pipeline and control system,
The support system includes base (1), the pedestal (11) being horizontally placed on base (1), pedestal (11) top equipped with axis Seat (12) are held, are placed in the wheel shaft (13) above two sides pedestal (11) between bearing block (12), rolling wheel (14) is sleeved on wheel shaft (13) On, workbench (15), which is fixed on base (1) side, is located at pedestal (11) side;
The dynamical system includes the Straightway self-priming pump (16) being placed on workbench (15) and is connected to Straightway self-priming pump (16) power supply device (4);
The pipeline and control system include drinking-water pipe (2), counterweight set (21), threeway swivel (3), No.1 three-way ball Valve (31), No. two three-way ball valves (32), intake pipe (22), irrigation pipe (23) and connecting tube (24), in which: the drinking-water pipe (2) On rolling wheel (14), the water suction end point of drinking-water pipe (2) is set with counterweight set (21) coiling, and threeway swivel (3), which is placed in, to be leaned on On pedestal (11) outer end where the wheel shaft (13) of nearly workbench (15) side, the end of drinking-water pipe (2) passes through rolling wheel (14) Bottom wall is entered on the nipple of threeway swivel (3) by wheel shaft (13) and pedestal (11), and threeway swivel (3) is in addition Two couplings are connected to No.1 three-way ball valve (31) and No. two three-way ball valves (32) by respective connecting tube (24) respectively, and one A connector in number three-way ball valve (31) and No. two three-way ball valves (32) is respectively connected to the input end of Straightway self-priming pump (16) And outlet end, remaining interface connection irrigation pipe (23) of No.1 three-way ball valve (31), No. two three-way ball valves (32) are remaining One interface connects intake pipe (22).
Further, closed tube auxiliary guide, including leading block (17), at least two are additionally provided on the base (1) Root strut (18), slide bar (19), two struts (18) are fixed on the two-wheeled side pair on base (1) with rolling wheel (14) vertically respectively Together, it is equipped with slide bar (19) between the end of two struts (18), leading block (17) is sleeved on slide bar (19).
Further, the direction of wheel shaft (13) Xiang Santong swivel (3) opposite side of the rolling wheel (14) extends to Outer and one swinging handle (25) of connection, is equipped with a fixed disk on the pedestal (11) of (25) one side direction of swinging handle (26), the fixed notch (27) of several uniformly continuous, the end hinge of swinging handle (25) are provided on the edge of fixed disk (26) Chain has fixed shank (28), and the outer diameter of fixed shank (28) is not more than the internal diameter of fixed notch (27), and fixed shank (28) can be with Hinge does the rotation that fulcrum is parallel to swinging handle (25), i.e., fixed shank (28) end, which can turn to, is caught in fixed notch (27) It is interior.
Further, the power supply device (4) is battery group, and the beginning end point of the drinking-water pipe (2) is equipped with list To check joint (29).
Further, base (1) side is equipped with fixed truss (110).
Further, the outside of the Straightway self-priming pump (16) and power supply device (4) is equipped with compatible shield, protection Cover is fixed on workbench (15), offers several drainage holes on the table top of the workbench (15)
Further, built-in miniature battery and record processing chip, the outside of counterweight set (21) in the counterweight set (21) Surface is equipped with temperature sensor and pressure sensor, and temperature sensor and pressure sensor are connected to record processing chip, miniature Battery is record processing chip, temperature sensor and pressure sensor power supply, and record processing chip passes through wired or wireless biography Defeated mode connects the controller being placed in rack.
Further, it is mounted on universal movable pulley (111) below base (1) bottom four corners, the base (1) Handle (113) are equipped on two symmetrical sides.
Further, the drinking-water pipe (2) is silicone tube, inside diameter ranges between 13~17mm, thickness range 2~ Between 4mm, and drinking-water pipe (2) holds the depth print for being printed on corresponding length on the surface thereof by length for beginning from drawing water.
The working principle of the invention introduction: undisturbed high accurancy and precision deep water sampling device, by support system, dynamical system, Pipeline and control system are constituted, it is characterised in that:
The support system includes base (1), the pedestal (11) being horizontally placed on base (1), pedestal (11) top equipped with axis Seat (12) are held, are placed in the wheel shaft (13) above two sides pedestal (11) between bearing block (12), rolling wheel (14) is sleeved on wheel shaft (13) On, workbench (15), which is fixed on base (1) side, is located at pedestal (11) side;
The dynamical system includes the Straightway self-priming pump (16) being placed on workbench (15) and is connected to Straightway self-priming pump (16) power supply device (4);
The pipeline and control system include drinking-water pipe (2), counterweight set (21), threeway swivel (3), No.1 three-way ball Valve (31), No. two three-way ball valves (32), intake pipe (22), irrigation pipe (23) and connecting tube (24), in which: the drinking-water pipe (2) On rolling wheel (14), the water suction end point of drinking-water pipe (2) is set with counterweight set (21) coiling, and threeway swivel (3), which is placed in, to be leaned on On pedestal (11) outer end where the wheel shaft (13) of nearly workbench (15) side, the end of drinking-water pipe (2) passes through rolling wheel (14) Bottom wall is entered on the nipple of threeway swivel (3) by wheel shaft (13) and pedestal (11), and threeway swivel (3) is in addition Two couplings are connected to No.1 three-way ball valve (31) and No. two three-way ball valves (32) by respective connecting tube (24) respectively, and one A connector in number three-way ball valve (31) and No. two three-way ball valves (32) is respectively connected to the input end of Straightway self-priming pump (16) And outlet end, remaining interface connection irrigation pipe (23) of No.1 three-way ball valve (31), No. two three-way ball valves (32) are remaining One interface connects intake pipe (22).
Base (1) is played a supporting role for being placed on ground, and pedestal (11) is erected on base (1), is used to support volume It takes turns (14), rolling wheel (14) plays the recycling to drinking-water pipe (2), the collection of unwrapping wire operation purposes, studies in actual environment environmental protection In work, need to carry out deeper water quality detection toward contact, directly then power demand is higher using pumping for water pump, needs The water body that is previously implanted interior to drinking-water pipe (2) is except air in tube before drawing water, in order to carry out efficient and convenient deep water sampling work, Nipple in threeway swivel (3) can carry out rotating and threeway swivel by axis in threeway swivel (3) (3) shell is motionless, meanwhile, nipple accesses in the wheel shaft (13) of rolling wheel (14), and nipple connects the end in drinking-water pipe (2) On, the end of drinking-water pipe (2) can be coiled on rolling wheel (14) after passing through rolling wheel (14) bottom wall, therefore, rolling wheel be worked as in work (14) rotation is when carrying out putting pipe or closed tube, wheel shaft (13), drinking-water pipe (2) end segment together on pedestal (11) rotation without shadow The comb cabling and nipple for ringing drinking-water pipe (2) will not generate leak, have very high leakproofness, and threeway swivel (3) Other two coupling will not then nipple tip be followed to rotate, to be reached to rotatable by threeway swivel (3) The effect of water body is mutually transmitted in rolling wheel (14), No.1 three-way ball valve (31) and No. two three-way ball valves (32) pass through the mutual of the two Cooperation, reaches the conversion effect of water pipeline.Specifically, before use, needing integrally to pour water to drinking-water pipe (2), to reach The purpose that convenient can be drawn water to it, at this point, the handle on manipulation No.1 three-way ball valve (31) and No. two three-way ball valves (32), changes Become it to lead to, so that No.1 three-way ball valve (31) leads to the import for switching to connection irrigation pipe (23) and Straightway self-priming pump (16) End, so that No. two leading to for three-way ball valve (32) switch to the outlet end for being connected to Straightway self-priming pump (16) and No. two three-way ball valves (32) connecting tube (24) on will pour water at this point, i.e. irrigation pipe (23) is connected to drinking-water pipe (2) by Straightway self-priming pump (16) The water inlet end of pipe (23) is put into ready water, and starting Straightway self-priming pump (16) starts to pour into water into drinking-water pipe (2) Until Straightway self-priming pump (16) can be stopped after filling water body bubble-free in drinking-water pipe (2), at this point, according to drinking-water pipe (2) Overall length converses the water body volume in drinking-water pipe (2), and the end of drawing water of drinking-water pipe (2) is put into and is sampled Sink in water body, drinking-water pipe (2) sinks downwards under the action of breeding set, pipe is put by controlling rolling wheel (14), when the pumping put Water pipe (2) length stops putting pipe after reaching the target position for needing to extract water sample water layer place depth, at this point, operating No.1 again Three-way ball valve (31) and No. two three-way ball valves (32), by No.1 three-way ball valve (31) switch to connection Straightway self-priming pump (16) into Connecting tube (24) on mouthful end and No.1 three-way ball valve (31), by No. two three-way ball valves (32) switch to connection intake pipe (22) and The outlet end of Straightway self-priming pump (16), at this point, i.e. intake pipe (22) passes through Straightway self-priming pump (16) connection drinking-water pipe (2), starting Straightway self-priming pump (16), water body are discharged from intake pipe (22), converse further according to the overall length of drinking-water pipe (2) in drinking-water pipe (2) water body volume in no less than drinking-water pipe (2) is fallen in the water body volume in, first discharge, and the water body being discharged at this time is target depth The water layer water body of degree position achievees the purpose that deep water sampling at this point, collecting corresponding water body sample, since elder generation is in drinking-water pipe (2) It inside pours water, the air in venting drinking-water pipe (2) makes without air pressure in drinking-water pipe (2), so as to easily use low-power Water pump be the purpose that can reach the effective sampled water for extracting deeper depth, it is simple to operate effectively, overcome tradition In directly drawn water existing difficulty using water pump from deep water, and to the high demand of pump power, the present apparatus is directly answered With with used in deeper lake waters, obtain sampling water body, traditional extraction back and forth can be saved in this way and put down collection container Operating process, improve working efficiency, and the interference for stirring generation up and down between water layer will not be generated, effectively raise The quality of water body sample;
Further, closed tube auxiliary guide, including leading block (17), at least two are additionally provided on the base (1) Root strut (18), slide bar (19), two struts (18) are fixed on the two-wheeled side pair on base (1) with rolling wheel (14) vertically respectively Together, it is equipped with slide bar (19) between the end of two struts (18), leading block (17) is sleeved on slide bar (19).Drinking-water pipe (2) it is wound on rolling wheel (14), in actual use, when closed tube, needs the winding for being layered drinking-water pipe (2) in order, increase by one A closed tube auxiliary guide can be improved efficiency and convenient degree, and drinking-water pipe (2) first presses on leading block (17), when closed tube As the reversed rocking-turn of rolling wheel (14) constantly lifts drinking-water pipe (2), operator can be by controlling leading block (17) the sliding on slide bar (19) come adjust drinking-water pipe (2) it is orderly on rolling wheel (14), strut (18) is played to cunning The supporting role of bar (19) and leading block (17), leading block (17) control the direction of routing of drinking-water pipe (2), are led by control The winding displacement that drinking-water pipe (2) is controlled to pulley (17) walks, orderly clean and tidy and convenient and efficient when enabling its winding;
Further, the direction of wheel shaft (13) Xiang Santong swivel (3) opposite side of the rolling wheel (14) extends to Outer and one swinging handle (25) of connection, is equipped with a fixed disk on the pedestal (11) of (25) one side direction of swinging handle (26), the fixed notch (27) of several uniformly continuous, the end hinge of swinging handle (25) are provided on the edge of fixed disk (26) Chain has fixed shank (28), and the outer diameter of fixed shank (28) is not more than the internal diameter of fixed notch (27), and fixed shank (28) can be with Hinge does the rotation that fulcrum is parallel to swinging handle (25).Swinging handle (25) is in rolling wheel (14) not by motor-driven electricity It when dynamic rolling wheel (14), needs manually to control, when drinking-water pipe (2) is put into target position depth, needs fixed rolling wheel (14) continue to sink with the pipe that stops pumping (2), at this point, fixed shank (28) are turned to towards fixed disk (26) direction, will consolidate Determine shank (28) to be caught in into fixed notch (27), since fixed disk (26) is fixed on the rack on pedestal (11), Fixed disk (26) is capable of fixing the fixation shank (28) blocked, to fix rolling wheel (14) by fixing swinging handle (25) Rolling reach the work purpose of fixed point depth sampling to reach fixed drinking-water pipe (2) depth location;
Further, the power supply device (4) is battery group, and the beginning end point of the drinking-water pipe (2) is equipped with list To check joint (29).One-way non-return connector (29) is used to prevent the dirty reflux of the water body in drinking-water pipe (2), plays non-return work With;It needs to exclude to need to pay attention to when air the end of one-way non-return connector (29) is upward in use, check-valves can be excluded Air.
Further, base (1) side is equipped with fixed truss (110), and fixed truss (110) are for putting counterweight It covers (21), convenient for management and mobile carrying;
Further, the outside of the Straightway self-priming pump (16) and power supply device (4) is equipped with compatible shield, protection Cover is fixed on workbench (15), several drainage holes is offered on the table top of the workbench (15), due to depth sampler It is generally used under moist environment, often in contact with water, electrical equipment can inevitably be impacted because of liquid, in electricity Shield is installed additional in source device (4) and Straightway self-priming pump (16) equipment, can effectively be stopped water droplet or water flow to be directly contacted with and be set It is standby upper, the service life of equipment can be effectively increased, maintenance rate is reduced;
Further, built-in miniature battery and record processing chip, the outside of counterweight set (21) in the counterweight set (21) Surface is equipped with temperature sensor and pressure sensor, and temperature sensor and pressure sensor are connected to record processing chip, miniature Battery is record processing chip, temperature sensor and pressure sensor power supply, and record processing chip passes through wired or wireless biography Defeated mode connects the controller being placed in rack.In actual use, for Large River or reservoir, the depth of water is deeper, water body temperature Degree is obvious with change in depth, and existing sampling apparatus is not able to satisfy the real-time measurement of temperature, is still by carrying out after acquisition disembarkation Measurement, environmental parameter on the bank can affect to temperature parameter, since counterweight set (21) can directly sink in use To pump mouth beginning, place environment is the pelagic environment where the water body sampled, therefore, temperature sensor, Pressure sensor can directly contact water body, read the real-time Water quality index of current environment, such as be surveyed by temperature sensor Settled preceding water temperature can be used for judging the depth of water of current environment by the hydraulic pressure of the current water body environment of determination of pressure sensor, And all data are transmitted to record processing chip and carry out storage record immediately, controller can be by having with record processing chip Line or the connection of wireless transmission mode can be with where needing to obtain current counterweight set (21) when the related data of water body environment Note can be taken out after recycling counterweight set (21) by the numerical value that controller controls the current each sensor of record processing chip record Record processing chip calculates the machine-readable data for taking it to store, to obtain water quality parameter, has reference value;
Further, it is mounted on universal movable pulley (111) below base (1) bottom four corners, the base (1) It is equipped on two symmetrical sides handle (113), universal movable pulley (111) enables the present apparatus is easily mobile to use, handle (113) easy to carry the present apparatus can be placed with mobile, can effectively increases the practicability and applicable surface of equipment;
Further, the drinking-water pipe (2) is silicone tube, inside diameter ranges between 13~17mm, thickness range 2~ Between 4mm, and drinking-water pipe (2) holds the depth print for being printed on corresponding length on the surface thereof by length for beginning, silicone tube from drawing water With good toughness, there is preferable elasticity, can prevent folding from hindering, there is anti-hardening well to make at the lower deep water of temperature With, apparent deformation will not be generated because of external force cause its length indication inaccurate, inside diameter ranges between 13~17mm not Can it is wide or narrow, thickness be suitable for just can guarantee working environment needed for requirement, thus have good corrosion resistance and completely Property, the sampling water body that effective guarantee extracts is not influenced by the external world, to ensure that the present apparatus carries out the accuracy of deep water sampling.
In conclusion compared with prior art, undisturbed high accurancy and precision deep water sampling device tool provided by the present invention Have it is following the utility model has the advantages that
(1) grab sampling is carried out by the present invention in that directly being transferred to water body depths with drinking-water pipe, can effectively avoided pair The influence that disturbance between water body generates directly is treated and adopts depth water body and carry out extraction sampling, improves the accurate purity of water body sample;
(2) it is extracted by using drinking-water pipe, when water body sample for needing to extract different depth, it is not necessary that behaviour is repeated several times Make, it is only necessary to which sampling can be extracted next time by continuing the drinking-water pipe to sink to respective depth position, therefore can be effective Working efficiency is improved, while saving labour, reaches time saving and energy saving benefit;
(3) real time data that can directly read the water body environment condition where sampling water body, avoids and temperature index is allowed to exist Change caused by being detected after water outlet, improves the real-time and accuracy of data;
(4) use for passing through threeway swivel and three-way ball valve, so that the present apparatus is able to carry out the deep water sampling of depth It is convenient and efficient, the depth of waters sampling is improved, while by the structure configuration of reasonable science, so that equipment running is stablized conveniently With it is effective;
(5) present apparatus is scientific and reasonable for structure, easy to operate, easy to use, accuracy and high degree of automation, and has very Strong practicability and applicable surface, convenient for promoting, and it is simple for production, there is higher economic value;
(6) present invention is applicable not only to depthkeeping when the hydrology, water conservancy and environmental monitoring and acquires water sample, applies also for sewage treatment Factory and blowdown enterprise etc., have a wide range of application.
(7) it can be produced in batches, be promoted and applied convenient for large-scale.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is schematic perspective view of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 3;
Fig. 3 is the posterior view point schematic perspective view of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is main view of the invention;
Wherein: 1- base, 11- pedestal, 12- bearing block, 13- wheel shaft, 14- rolling wheel, 15- workbench, 16- direct current self-priming Pump, 17- leading block, 18- strut, 19- slide bar, 2- drinking-water pipe, 21- counterweight set, 22- intake pipe, 23- irrigation pipe, 24- connection Pipe, the fixed shank of 25- swinging handle, 26- fixed disk, 27- fixed notch, 28-, 29- one-way non-return connector, 3- threeway rotation connect The fixed truss of head, 31- No.1 three-way ball valve, No. bis- three-way ball valves of 32-, 4- power supply device, 110-, the universal movable pulley of 111-, 113- handle.
Specific embodiment
In order to make the objectives, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearer, With reference to embodiment and join According to attached drawing, the present invention is described in more detail.It should be understood that these descriptions are merely illustrative, and it is not intended to limit this hair Bright range.In addition, in the following description, descriptions of well-known structures and technologies are omitted, to avoid this is unnecessarily obscured The concept of invention.
Embodiment 1: 15m depth is carried out to a certain lake and pinpoints water sampling, as shown in Figure 1, the support system includes Base 1, the pedestal 11 being horizontally placed on base 1 are equipped with bearing block 12 at the top of pedestal 11, are placed in 11 top bearing block 12 of two sides pedestal Between wheel shaft 13, rolling wheel 14 be sleeved on wheel shaft 13, workbench 15 be fixed on 1 side of base be located at pedestal 11 by;
The dynamical system includes the Straightway self-priming pump 16 being placed on workbench 15 and is connected to Straightway self-priming pump 16 Power supply device 4;
The pipeline and control system include drinking-water pipe 2, counterweight set 21, threeway swivel 3, No.1 three-way ball valve 31, No. two three-way ball valves 32, intake pipe 22, irrigation pipe 23 and connecting tube 24, in which: 2 coiling of drinking-water pipe is taken out on rolling wheel 14 The water suction end point of water pipe 2 is set with counterweight set 21, and threeway swivel 3 is disposed adjacent to where the wheel shaft 13 of 15 side of workbench 11 outer end of pedestal on, the end of drinking-water pipe 2, which passes through 14 bottom wall of rolling wheel and enters threeway rotation by wheel shaft 13 and pedestal 11, to be connect On first 3 nipple, other two coupling of threeway swivel 3 is connected to No.1 three by respective connecting tube 24 respectively Pass ball valve 31 and No. two three-way ball valves 32, a connector in No.1 three-way ball valve 31 and No. two three-way ball valves 32 are respectively connected to The inlet end and an outlet end of Straightway self-priming pump 16,31 remaining interfaces connection irrigation pipes 23 of No.1 three-way ball valve, No. two three 32 remaining interfaces of pass ball valve connect intake pipe 22.
4 use of power supply device is powered at 24V direct-flow storage battery, the beginning end point of the drinking-water pipe 2 is equipped with unidirectionally Check joint 29.One-way non-return connector 29 is used to prevent the dirty reflux of the water body in drinking-water pipe 2, plays the role of non-return;It needs To water body removing air is injected in drinking-water pipe 2 before drawing water, therefore, in order to carry out efficient and convenient deep water sampling work, institute It states pipeline and control system further includes threeway swivel 3,31, No. two three-way ball valves 32 of No.1 three-way ball valve, 23 and of irrigation pipe Connecting tube 24, the threeway swivel 3 are disposed adjacent on 11 outer end of pedestal at 13 place of wheel shaft of 15 side of workbench, take out The end of water pipe 2 passes through 14 bottom wall of rolling wheel and is entered on the nipple of threeway swivel 3 by wheel shaft 13 and pedestal 11, and threeway turns Other two coupling of dynamic connector 3 is connected to No.1 three-way ball valve 31 and No. two three-way balls by respective connecting tube 24 respectively Valve 32, a connector in No.1 three-way ball valve 31 and No. two three-way ball valves 32 are respectively connected to the input end of Straightway self-priming pump 16 And outlet end, 31 remaining interfaces of No.1 three-way ball valve connect irrigation pipe 23, No. two three-way ball valve 32 remaining one connect Mouth connection intake pipe 22.The handle on No.1 three-way ball valve 31 and No. two three-way ball valves 32 is manipulated, changes it and leads to, so that No.1 Three-way ball valve 31 leads to the input end for switching to connection irrigation pipe 23 and Straightway self-priming pump 16, so that No. two three-way ball valves 32 is logical Connecting tube 24 on the outlet end and No. two three-way ball valves 32 for switching to connection Straightway self-priming pump 16, at this point, i.e. irrigation pipe 23 It is connected to drinking-water pipe 2 by Straightway self-priming pump 16, the water inlet end of irrigation pipe 23 is put into the ready bucket for filling water, Starting Straightway self-priming pump 16 starts to pour into the water in bucket into drinking-water pipe 2 until filling water body bubble-free in drinking-water pipe 2 After can stop Straightway self-priming pump 16, at this point, converse the water body volume in drinking-water pipe 2 according to the overall length of drinking-water pipe 2, The end of drawing water of drinking-water pipe 2 is put into the water body sampled, drinking-water pipe 2 is under the action of breeding set to sinking It falls, puts pipe by controlling rolling wheel 14, stop putting pipe after the length of the drinking-water pipe 2 put into the water reaches 30m, then, then No.1 three-way ball valve 31 is switched to connection Straightway self-priming pump 16 by secondary operation No.1 three-way ball valve 31 and No. two three-way ball valves 32 No. two three-way ball valves 32 are switched to connection intake pipe 22 and direct current certainly by the connecting tube 24 on input end and No.1 three-way ball valve 31 The outlet end of sucking pump 16, at this point, i.e. intake pipe 22 starts Straightway self-priming pump 16, water by the connection drinking-water pipe 2 of Straightway self-priming pump 16 Body is discharged from intake pipe 22, first discharge is fallen pour into the water of the water body total amount inside drinking-water pipe 2 when no less than pouring water after, the water of discharge Body is the water layer water body of 30m depth location, at this point, collecting corresponding water body sample, achievees the purpose that deep water sampling.
Embodiment 2: the sampling of 25m depth water body is carried out to lake water, as shown in Figure 2 to 4, is additionally provided with receipts on the base 1 Pipe auxiliary guide, including leading block 17, at least two struts 18, slide bar 19, two struts 18 are fixed on vertically respectively It is aligned on base 1 with the two-wheeled side of rolling wheel 14, slide bar 19 is installed between the end of two struts 18, leading block 17 is sleeved on On slide bar 19.The wheel shaft 13 of the rolling wheel 14 extends outwardly to the direction of 3 opposite side of threeway swivel and connects one and shakes Fixed handle 25 is equipped with a fixed disk 26 on the pedestal 11 of 25 1 side direction of swinging handle, opens on the edge of fixed disk 26 There is the fixed notch 27 of several uniformly continuous, the end hinge of swinging handle 25 has fixed shank 28, fixes the outer of shank 28 Diameter is not more than the internal diameter of fixed notch 27, and fixed shank 28 can do the rotation that fulcrum is parallel to swinging handle 25, institute with hinge The outside for stating Straightway self-priming pump 16 and power supply device 4 is equipped with compatible shield, and shield is fixed on workbench 15, described Several drainage holes are offered on the table top of workbench 15;The drinking-water pipe 2 be silicone tube, inside diameter ranges 13mm or 15mm, 17mm, thickness range are in 2mm or 3,4mm, and drinking-water pipe 2 is printed for beginning by length on the surface thereof from end is drawn water There is the depth of corresponding length to print, after pouring water according to the mode of operation of embodiment 2, carries out putting pipe by swinging handle 25, when drawing water When the position that pipe 2 immerses at the water surface reaches the depth marking for being printed on 50m, pipe is put in stopping, and pulls fixed shank 28, by fixed handle It is fixed in the fixed notch 27 that bar 28 sticks into its corresponding fixed disk 26, then carries out sampling of drawing water, after the completion, recycling Drinking-water pipe 2, when recycling, it is orderly that operator adjusts by sliding of the control leading block 17 on slide bar 19 drinking-water pipe 2 On rolling wheel 14, strut 18 plays the supporting role to slide bar 19 and leading block 17, and leading block 17 controls drinking-water pipe 2 Direction of routing, walked by control leading block 17 to control the winding displacement of drinking-water pipe 2,1 side of base, which is equipped with, to be fixed Truss 110, fixed truss 110 are mounted on universal movable pulley below 1 bottom four corners of base for putting counterweight set 21 111, it is equipped with handle 113 on two symmetrical sides of the base 1, when single unit system, counterweight set 21 is placed on fixed truss On 110, after the present apparatus to purpose position can be pushed, with portable handle 113, recyclable device can be carried.
Embodiment 3: on the basis of embodiment 2, by the built-in miniature battery in counterweight set 21 and recording processing chip, The outer surface of counterweight set 21 is equipped with temperature sensor, pressure sensor, and temperature sensor and pressure sensor are connected to record Chip is handled, minicell is record processing chip, temperature sensor and pressure sensor power supply, and record processing chip is by having The controller that line or the connection of wireless transmission mode are placed in rack can carry out the ambient condition data to target water body simultaneously Examinations are carried out, conducting wire connects controller and record processing chip along drinking-water pipe 2 by special process, alternatively, using wireless Signal receiver is placed on record processing chip, similarly matched corresponding wireless signal receiving and sending device, phase that the two is wireless on controller Even, after drinking-water pipe 2 sinks to the target position of 50m, command signal is issued by controller, it is wireless on record processing chip After signal receiver receives signal, the current sensor values data of record processing chip start recording: temperature sensor measurement Current water temperature can be used for judging the depth of water of current environment by the hydraulic pressure of the current water body environment of determination of pressure sensor, and All data are transmitted to record processing chip and carry out storage record immediately, after sampling, after recycling counterweight set 21, Ke Yiqu Record processing chip calculates the machine-readable data for taking it to store out, to obtain water quality parameter, has reference value.
It should be understood that above-mentioned specific embodiment of the invention is used only for exemplary illustration or explains of the invention Principle, but not to limit the present invention.Therefore, that is done without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention is any Modification, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention.In addition, appended claims purport of the present invention Covering the whole variations fallen into attached claim scope and boundary or this range and the equivalent form on boundary and is repairing Change example.

Claims (10)

1. undisturbed high accurancy and precision deep water sampling device, is made of support system, dynamical system, pipeline and control system, special Sign is: the pipeline and control system include drinking-water pipe (2), counterweight set (21), threeway swivel (3), No.1 three-way ball Valve (31), No. two three-way ball valves (32), intake pipe (22), irrigation pipe (23) and connecting tube (24), in which: the drinking-water pipe (2) On rolling wheel (14), the water suction end point of drinking-water pipe (2) is set with counterweight set (21) coiling, and threeway swivel (3), which is placed in, to be leaned on On pedestal (11) outer end where the wheel shaft (13) of nearly workbench (15) side, the end of drinking-water pipe (2) passes through rolling wheel (14) Bottom wall is entered on the nipple of threeway swivel (3) by wheel shaft (13) and pedestal (11), and threeway swivel (3) is in addition Two couplings are connected to No.1 three-way ball valve (31) and No. two three-way ball valves (32) by respective connecting tube (24) respectively, and one A connector in number three-way ball valve (31) and No. two three-way ball valves (32) is respectively connected to the input end of Straightway self-priming pump (16) And outlet end, remaining interface connection irrigation pipe (23) of No.1 three-way ball valve (31), No. two three-way ball valves (32) are remaining One interface connects intake pipe (22), and the beginning end point of the drinking-water pipe (2) is equipped with one-way non-return connector (29).
2. undisturbed high accurancy and precision deep water sampling device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the support system packet It includes base (1), be equipped with bearing block (12) at the top of the pedestal (11) that is horizontally placed on base (1), pedestal (11), be placed in two sides pedestal (11) wheel shaft (13) between top bearing block (12), rolling wheel (14) are sleeved on wheel shaft (13), and workbench (15) is fixed on machine It is other to be located at pedestal (11) on seat (1) side;The dynamical system includes the Straightway self-priming pump (16) being placed on workbench (15) With the power supply device (4) for being connected to Straightway self-priming pump (16).
3. undisturbed high accurancy and precision deep water sampling device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that on the base (1) also Equipped with closed tube auxiliary guide, including leading block (17), at least two struts (18), slide bar (19), two struts (18) It is fixed on base (1) and is aligned with the two-wheeled side of rolling wheel (14) vertically respectively, cunning is installed between the end of two struts (18) Bar (19), leading block (17) are sleeved on slide bar (19).
4. undisturbed high accurancy and precision deep water sampling device according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the rolling wheel (14) The direction of wheel shaft (13) Xiang Santong swivel (3) opposite side extends outwardly and connects a swinging handle (25), by shaking One fixed disk (26) is installed on the pedestal (11) of (25) one side direction of handle, is provided with several on the edge of fixed disk (26) The fixed notch (27) of uniformly continuous, the end hinge of swinging handle (25) have fixed shank (28), outside fixed shank (28) Diameter is not more than the internal diameter of fixed notch (27), and fixed shank (28) can be done fulcrum with hinge and be parallel to turning for swinging handle (25) Dynamic, i.e., fixed shank (28) end, which can turn to, to be caught in fixed notch (27).
5. undisturbed high accurancy and precision deep water sampling device according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the power supply device (4) For battery group.
6. undisturbed high accurancy and precision deep water sampling device according to claim 5, it is characterised in that base (1) side It is equipped with fixed truss (110).
7. undisturbed high accurancy and precision deep water sampling device according to claim 6, it is characterised in that the Straightway self-priming pump (16) and the outside of power supply device (4) is equipped with compatible shield, and shield is fixed on workbench (15), the workbench (15) several drainage holes are offered on table top.
8. undisturbed high accurancy and precision deep water sampling device according to claim 5, it is characterised in that the counterweight set (21) Middle built-in miniature battery and record processing chip, the outer surface of counterweight set (21) are equipped with temperature sensor and pressure sensor, Temperature sensor and pressure sensor be connected to record processing chip, minicell be record processing chip, temperature sensor and Pressure sensor power supply, record processing chip connect the controller being placed in rack by wired or wireless transmission mode.
9. undisturbed high accurancy and precision deep water sampling device according to claim 8, it is characterised in that base (1) bottom It is mounted on universal movable pulley (111) below quadrangle, is equipped with handle (113) on two symmetrical sides of the base (1).
10. undisturbed high accurancy and precision deep water sampling device according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the drinking-water pipe (2) For silicone tube, inside diameter ranges between 13~17mm, thickness range between 2~4mm, and drinking-water pipe (2) begins from end is drawn water End is printed on the depth print of corresponding length by length on the surface thereof.
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