CN105999939A - Pipelined forge piece grinding dust removing device and designing method - Google Patents

Pipelined forge piece grinding dust removing device and designing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105999939A
CN105999939A CN201610321474.5A CN201610321474A CN105999939A CN 105999939 A CN105999939 A CN 105999939A CN 201610321474 A CN201610321474 A CN 201610321474A CN 105999939 A CN105999939 A CN 105999939A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
dust
forging
grinding
pipeline
designing
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Pending
Application number
CN201610321474.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐皓
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徐皓
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Priority to CN201610321474.5A priority Critical patent/CN105999939A/en
Publication of CN105999939A publication Critical patent/CN105999939A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D50/00Combinations of devices for separating particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D50/006Combinations of devices relating to groups B01D46/00 and B01D47/00
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B15/00Preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced; Collecting or removing dirt or fumes from that area
    • B08B15/04Preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced; Collecting or removing dirt or fumes from that area from a small area, e.g. a tool
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B27/00Other grinding machines or devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B55/00Safety devices for grinding or polishing machines; Accessories fitted to grinding or polishing machines for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition
    • B24B55/06Dust extraction equipment on grinding or polishing machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2258/00Sources of waste gases
    • B01D2258/02Other waste gases

Abstract

The invention discloses a pipelined forge piece grinding dust removing device and a designing method. The device comprises adjustable funnel dust suction hoods which are connected with a dust removing fan through dust suction pipelines, the dust removing fan is communicated with an air inlet of a water film type dust collecting pool, an air outlet of the water film type dust collecting pool is communicated with a drawer type dust collecting box, and an air exhausting pipeline is connected to the upper end of the drawer type dust collecting box. Pipelined grinding work is conducted on forge pieces through a speed-adjustable conveying mechanism, and the grinding work on six stations is completed. According to the pipelined forge piece grinding dust removing device, the structure is novel, the cost is low, installation is convenient, operation managing is easy and convenient, the operation failure rate is low, the maintenance cost is low, and metal dust collecting and cleaning are convenient; dust such as forge piece metal and grinding ball particles is filtered out and treated through a water film type dust collector, the dust removing efficiency reaches 99.5% or above, the dust containing concentration of purified gas is smaller than 50 mg/Nm<3>, therefore, the working environment of a forging grinding workshop section is greatly improved, and environment-friendly up-to-standard emission is achieved; sewage in the dust removing pool is recycled and reused, and therefore precious water resources are saved; metal particles are filtered and settled to be collected and treated in a gathered mode; in addition, the forge piece grinding quality is improved, and the grinding efficiency is greatly improved.

Description

A kind of forging pipeline system grinding dust removing device and method for designing
Technical field
The present invention relates to forging polishing dedusting technology field, specifically a kind of forging pipeline system polishing dedusting dress Put and method for designing.
Background technology
In recent years, forging polishing is to carry out on the polishing workbench that each is separate, not only forging polishing Site environment is dirty, and forging polishing inter process circulation is time-consuming, arduously cause forging grinding efficiency low, and forging is polished Quality is difficult to ensure, polishing work is susceptible to suffer from respiratory tract injury, is even susceptible to suffer from the occupation disease such as pneumoconiosis, causes enterprise Spend a large amount of medical care expensess etc..And the equipment fault that peripheral equipment of polishing causes because of dust takes place frequently, equipment fault Rate is high.Once designing independent dust exhaust apparatus on each workbench, not only dust removing effects is poor, and device uses Cost is high, and dust arrester fault rate also remains high.On-the-spot metallic particles cannot centralized collection, process, and These dust and nuisance easily cause work work on the spot bad environments, and ecological environment is produced serious harm.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of forging pipeline system grinding dust removing device and design side Method, makes full use of water film type physical methods of filtration and removes the dust granules such as abrading-ball, forging powder, improve and beat Mill plant site environment, eliminates the injury of forger respiratory tract, stops atmospheric pollution, protect surrounding enviroment.Forging Polishing cleaner unit technology not only can remove the dust in flue gas, removes the harmful gas that polishing produces simultaneously, Efficiency of dust collection reaches more than 99.5%, and purified gas dust content is less than 50mg/Nm3.Beaten by original substep Mill invention is polished for pipeline system, not only increases forging polishing quality, and drastically increases polishing effect Rate.The adjustable suspended hood air port of autonomous Design calculates, flow relocity calculation in dust suction interior conduit, it is considered to pipeline Leak out and other factor calculates total blast volume, calculate fan outlet blast, choose dedusting fan by result of calculation Model.
It is an object of the invention to be achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of forging pipeline system grinding dust removing device and method for designing, including adjustable speed conveying mechanism, it is special Levy and be: including six polishing stations, be equipped with adjustable suspended hood at each station, forging passes through can Speed governing conveying mechanism carries out flowing water polishing operation, completes the polishing operation of six stations.
A kind of forging pipeline system grinding dust removing device and method for designing, it is characterised in that: include adjustable Formula suspended hood, the dedusting fan air outlet that air inlet is connected with adjustable suspended hood, with dedusting fan air-out The water film type dust pond that mouth connects, the drawer type flow tank being connected with water film type dust pond export department, and the end The exhaust duct that end is connected with drawer type flow tank.
A kind of forging pipeline system grinding dust removing device and method for designing, it is characterised in that: adjustable air draught Cover air port calculates, flow relocity calculation in dust suction interior conduit, it is considered to pipeline leaks out and other factor calculates total blast volume, Calculate fan outlet blast, choose dedusting fan model by result of calculation.
A kind of forging pipeline system grinding dust removing device and method for designing, adjustable dust shield includes funnel Shape dust shield and scalable examination dust sucting pipeline, stretch funnel-form dust shield according to forging size, and funnel-form is inhaled Dust hood is elongated or shortened by the nut installed and screw rod regulation, it is also possible to the direction of regulation suction port.Dust suction Air inflow adjusted by air door.The air inlet of described dedusting fan and adjustable dust shield pass through sweep-up pipe Road connects.
A kind of forging pipeline system grinding dust removing device and method for designing, including dust sucting pipeline support, by support As framework, it is welded into workbox with 3 millimeters thick iron plates, has both beautified production scene, make again six stations Employee had the free-standing workbox oneself putting milling tools.
A kind of forging pipeline system grinding dust removing device and method for designing, water film type dust pond includes dust and sinks Precipitation pond body and the 12 millimeters thick steel deck-plates being connected to dust sedimentation body top, pond, described dedusting wind Machine air outlet is fixed on cover plate and connects with dust sedimentation pond body interior, described dust flow tank Air inlet pipe outer end is fixed on steel deck-plate and connects with dust sedimentation pond body interior.
A kind of forging pipeline system grinding dust removing device and method for designing, including the side of dust sedimentation pond body Portion is provided with the overflow pond of closing, and the top of dust sedimentation pond body is by overflow pipe with overflow pond even Connect.
A kind of forging pipeline system grinding dust removing device and method for designing, including dedusting fan air outlet, dust The air inlet pipe outer end of flow tank is individually fixed in left end or the right-hand member of cover plate.
A kind of forging pipeline system grinding dust removing device and method for designing, equal including dust arrester and rear exhaust blower Being placed in outside position of specifying, workshop, space, workshop is taken and avoids blower fan and produces the shadow of noise by minimizing Ring.
A kind of forging pipeline system grinding dust removing device and method for designing, including dust flow tank and exhaust duct Air inlet connect, less metallic dust is easy to unified in automatically falling into dust flow tank due to action of gravity Cleaning.
A kind of forging pipeline system grinding dust removing device and method for designing, design of pipe networks considers reasonable wind speed, both Pipeline to be ensured not dust stratification, ensures again resistance minimizing as far as possible, and in pipeline, flow velocity takes 18-20m3/ s, takes It is worth greatly V=20m/s.
A kind of forging pipeline system grinding dust removing device and method for designing, total blast volume calculates rationally, Fan Selection Science, should ensure that the heavier dust such as forging metal dust are absorbed, and ensures again to be not easy motor damage, always Meter fan pressure Δ P=500+248+1500+300=2548Pa, dangerous COEFFICIENT K=1.15 of going bail for, actual blast Δ PAlways=1.15*2548=2930Pa, selecting blower fan model is 4-72 type.
Beneficial effect:
The present invention contrasts prior art and has a following innovative point:
(1), the scalable funnel-form dust shield of the present invention is by the nut installed and screw rod regulation elongation or contracting Short, it is also possible to the direction of regulation suction port, the big I of air inflow of dust suction is freely adjusted by air door.This invention It is suitable for the dissimilar forging polishing dust suction operation of all complicated shapes of below 15Kg;
(2), the forging of the present invention carry out flowing water polishing operation by adjustable speed conveying mechanism, complete six works The polishing operation of position, not only increases forging polishing quality, and drastically increases grinding efficiency;
(3), the dedusting fan air-out that the present invention is connected by dust sucting pipeline with scalable funnel-form dust shield Mouth is fixed on the cover plate in water film type dust pond, is drawn into by the dust granules such as polishing abrading-ball, forging powder Precipitating in the water in water film type dust pond, utilize moisture film to carry out single filter dust, dust removal efficiency reaches more than 90%;
(4), the other end of the cover plate in the water film type dust pond of the present invention be connected with drawer type dust flow tank, Dust flow tank is connected above exhaust duct and reaches plant building roof, according to environmental requirement above ground level 15 More than meter;Being provided with three layers of sedimentation drawer in flow tank, fine dust particles can be owing to automatically falling into sedimentation In the drawer of case, it is achieved the dust-filtering of the second level, dust removal efficiency reaches 99.5%, and convenient concentration is cleared up;
(5), the present invention be provided with overflow pond, be constantly deposited to along with the dust sucked settle in pond, The water in sedimentation pond is by overflow pipe overflow to overflow pond, and the water surface elevation reaching to settle pond is dynamic Constant purpose;
(6), water film type dust pond and overflow pond are arranged in below workshop ground level, and take face closure Structure, occupied ground is few, compact conformation, and the water recycling capable of circulation that overflow goes out, and neither pollutes ring Border, has saved again the water resource of preciousness.
The present invention contrasts prior art and has a following remarkable advantage:
Present configuration is novel, and dust arrester cost is low, and compact conformation is easy for installation, failure rate is low, fortune Line pipe reason simplicity, operation and maintenance cost is low, and dust cleaning is convenient, the dust such as abrading-ball, forging powder of polishing Granule sucks metallic dust by scalable funnel-form dust shield, dedusting fan separates, moisture film coagulation, Flow tank two grades sedimentation, efficiency of dust collection reaches more than 99.5%, and purified gas dust content is less than 50mg/Nm3.Substantially improve forging polishing operation working environment, it is achieved that qualified discharge, and two stage treatment The not outer row of sewage, sewage can utilize by iterative cycles, saved the water resource of preciousness.This device also improves forging Part polishing quality, and drastically increase grinding efficiency, original per tour 450 only bring up to per tour 1100 Only.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the front view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the top view of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
The invention will be further described with implementing row below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
See Fig. 1, Fig. 2, a kind of forging pipeline system grinding dust removing device method for designing, include adjustable leakage The dedusting fan 8 that bucket-shaped dust shield 1, air inlet are connected with scalable funnel-form dust shield goes out with dedusting fan The dust flow tank 12 that the water film type dust pond 9 that air port connects is connected with top, water film type dust pond, and The exhaust duct 13 that bottom is connected with flow tank and 15 meters of ground of air outlet distance is high;
Wherein, adjustable funnel-form dust shield includes flexible adjustment screw rod and nut 2 and adjusts suction air volume Air door 3, adjustable funnel-form dust shield 1 is connected with the air inlet of dedusting fan 8 by dust sucting pipeline 5,7 Connecing, the air outlet of dedusting fan 8 is connected with water film type dust pond 9;
Water film type dust pond includes dust sedimentation pond body 9 and is connected to dust sedimentation body top, pond Cover plate 14, dedusting fan 8 air outlet be fixed on cover plate 14 one end and with in dust sedimentation pond body 9 Portion connects, and air inlet pipe 11 outer end of dust flow tank 14 is fixed on cover plate 14 other end and settles with dust Pond body 9 is internal to be connected, and the sidepiece of dust sedimentation pond body 9 is provided with the overflow pond 10 of closing, The top of dust sedimentation pond body 9 is connected with overflow pond 10 by overflow pipe.
Forging by carrier chain 15 by forging with the form of streamline through six different polishing stations, different The forging of type has different polishing requirements, regulates transporting velocity by the converter 14 on carrier chain, full The polishing operation of the different forging of foot below 15Kg.
Above in association with accompanying drawing, the detailed description of the invention of the present invention is described, but these explanations do not make sense For limiting the scope of the present invention, protection scope of the present invention is limited by appended claims, Ren He Change on the basis of the claims in the present invention is all protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. forging pipeline system grinding dust removing device and a method for designing, including adjustable speed conveying mechanism, It is characterized in that: including six polishing stations, be equipped with adjustable suspended hood at each station, forging leads to Cross adjustable speed conveying mechanism and carry out flowing water polishing operation, complete the polishing operation of six stations.
2. a forging pipeline system grinding dust removing device and method for designing, it is characterised in that: include adjustable Integral expression suspended hood, the dedusting fan air outlet that air inlet is connected with adjustable suspended hood, go out with dedusting fan The water film type dust pond that air port connects, the drawer type flow tank being connected with water film type dust pond export department, and The exhaust duct that bottom is connected with drawer type flow tank.
3. a forging pipeline system grinding dust removing device and method for designing, it is characterised in that: adjustable is inhaled Fan housing air port calculates, flow relocity calculation in dust suction interior conduit, it is considered to pipeline leaks out and other factor calculates total blast volume, Calculate fan outlet blast, choose dedusting fan model by result of calculation.
A kind of forging pipeline system grinding dust removing device the most according to claim 1 and method for designing, its It is characterised by: described adjustable dust shield includes funnel-form dust shield and scalable examination dust sucting pipeline, Stretching funnel-form dust shield according to forging size, funnel-form dust shield is regulated by the nut installed and screw rod Elongate or shorten, it is also possible to the direction of regulation suction port.The air inflow of dust suction is adjusted by air door.Described removes The air inlet of dirt blower fan is connected by dust sucting pipeline with adjustable dust shield.
A kind of forging pipeline system grinding dust removing device the most according to claim 1 and method for designing, its It is characterised by: include dust sucting pipeline support, using support as framework, is welded into instrument with 3 millimeters thick iron plates Case, had both beautified production scene, made again the employee of six stations have the stand alone type oneself putting milling tools Workbox.
A kind of forging pipeline system grinding dust removing device the most according to claim 2 and method for designing, its It is characterised by: described water film type dust pond includes dust sedimentation pond body and is connected to dust sedimentation water The 12 millimeters thick steel deck-plates on body top, pond, described dedusting fan air outlet is fixed on cover plate and and dust Sedimentation pond body interior connection, the air inlet pipe outer end of described dust flow tank be fixed on steel deck-plate and with The body interior connection of dust sedimentation pond.
A kind of forging pipeline system grinding dust removing device the most according to claim 2 and method for designing, its It is characterised by: the sidepiece of described dust sedimentation pond body is provided with the overflow pond of closing, and dust settles The top of pond body is connected with overflow pond by overflow pipe.Dedusting fan air outlet, dust flow tank Air inlet pipe outer end is individually fixed in left end or the right-hand member of cover plate.
A kind of forging pipeline system grinding dust removing device the most according to claim 2 and method for designing, its It is characterised by: described dust arrester and rear exhaust blower are all placed in outside position of specifying, workshop, and minimizing is to workshop Taking and avoiding blower fan of space produces the impact of noise.Dust flow tank connects with the air inlet of exhaust duct Connecing, less metallic dust is easy to unified cleaning in automatically falling into dust flow tank due to action of gravity.
A kind of forging pipeline system grinding dust removing device the most according to claim 3 and method for designing, pipe Net design considers reasonable wind speed, should ensure pipeline not dust stratification, ensure again resistance minimizing as far as possible, pipe In road, flow velocity takes 18-20m3/ s, take large values V=20m/s.
A kind of forging pipeline system grinding dust removing device the most according to claim 3 and method for designing, Total blast volume calculates rationally, and Fan Selection science should ensure that the heavier dust such as forging metal dust are absorbed, Ensure to be not easy again motor damage, amount to fan pressure Δ P=500+248+1500+300=2548Pa, danger of going bail for COEFFICIENT K=1.15, actual blast Δ PAlways=1.15*2548=2930Pa, selecting blower fan model is 4-72 type.
CN201610321474.5A 2016-05-15 2016-05-15 Pipelined forge piece grinding dust removing device and designing method Pending CN105999939A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201610321474.5A CN105999939A (en) 2016-05-15 2016-05-15 Pipelined forge piece grinding dust removing device and designing method

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109605041A (en) * 2018-12-14 2019-04-12 湖州三杭蒙特费罗电梯部件有限公司 Cage guide automatic production line
CN110303021A (en) * 2019-01-23 2019-10-08 杭州利安新材料技术有限公司 A kind of glass steel sewage pool cover board interior conduit waste gas collection device

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3945153A (en) * 1970-08-28 1976-03-23 C.E.S. (Grinding Machines) Limited Grinding machine with tilted conveyor and conveyor clearing means
CN201572779U (en) * 2009-10-30 2010-09-08 烟台鲁宝钢管有限责任公司 Graphite dust removing and collecting device
CN201586917U (en) * 2009-11-25 2010-09-22 浙江泰龙铝轮有限公司 Aluminum wheel hub polishing workbench assembly
CN103405985A (en) * 2013-08-19 2013-11-27 安徽安簧机械股份有限公司 Water film dust cleaning equipment of hot die forging pressing machine

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3945153A (en) * 1970-08-28 1976-03-23 C.E.S. (Grinding Machines) Limited Grinding machine with tilted conveyor and conveyor clearing means
CN201572779U (en) * 2009-10-30 2010-09-08 烟台鲁宝钢管有限责任公司 Graphite dust removing and collecting device
CN201586917U (en) * 2009-11-25 2010-09-22 浙江泰龙铝轮有限公司 Aluminum wheel hub polishing workbench assembly
CN103405985A (en) * 2013-08-19 2013-11-27 安徽安簧机械股份有限公司 Water film dust cleaning equipment of hot die forging pressing machine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109605041A (en) * 2018-12-14 2019-04-12 湖州三杭蒙特费罗电梯部件有限公司 Cage guide automatic production line
CN110303021A (en) * 2019-01-23 2019-10-08 杭州利安新材料技术有限公司 A kind of glass steel sewage pool cover board interior conduit waste gas collection device

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Application publication date: 20161012