CN105993373A - Rice and wheat straw smashing and throwing machine - Google Patents

Rice and wheat straw smashing and throwing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105993373A
CN105993373A CN201610422793.5A CN201610422793A CN105993373A CN 105993373 A CN105993373 A CN 105993373A CN 201610422793 A CN201610422793 A CN 201610422793A CN 105993373 A CN105993373 A CN 105993373A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
straw
knives
assembly
rice
smashing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201610422793.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105993373B (en
Inventor
朱继平
陈伟
袁栋
丁艳
夏敏
姚克恒
陈小兵
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture
Original Assignee
Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture filed Critical Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture
Priority to CN201610422793.5A priority Critical patent/CN105993373B/en
Publication of CN105993373A publication Critical patent/CN105993373A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105993373B publication Critical patent/CN105993373B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D34/00Mowers; Mowing apparatus of harvesters
    • A01D34/835Mowers; Mowing apparatus of harvesters specially adapted for particular purposes
    • A01D34/8355Mowers; Mowing apparatus of harvesters specially adapted for particular purposes for cutting up or crushing remaining standing stalks, e.g. stubble

Abstract

The invention discloses rice and wheat straw smashing and throwing machine, and belongs to the technical field of agricultural machinery. The rice and wheat straw smashing and throwing machine comprises a rack, a side plate, a tensioning wheel assembly, a suspension bracket, a support rod, a side belt assembly, a machine cover and a regulating roller; the suspension bracket is installed on the rack, the rack is further provided with a gear case assembly, the gear case assembly is connected with the side belt assembly through a shaft, the side belt assembly is connected with a smashing knife shaft, the smashing knife shaft is provided with fixed bent knives and straight flail knives, the straight flail knives are fixedly arranged among the fixed bent knives, and every two straight flail knives are installed between the two corresponding fixed bent knives; the machine cover is provided with transverse stationary knives and longitudinal stationary knives, every two longitudinal stationary knives are arranged over the two corresponding straight flail knives, and the fixed bent knives correspond to the transverse stationary knives; the rack is further provided with a straw gathering segment, the back portion of the straw gathering segment is provided with a straw mean-cutting segment, and the straw mean-cutting segment is provided with a mean-cutting plate. The rice and wheat straw smashing and throwing machine is mainly applied to agricultural straw smashing.

Description

A kind of rice wheat straw pulverizes scattering machine
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural machinery technological field, specifically a kind of rice wheat straw pulverizes scattering machine.
Background technology
Usually said rice wheat straw crushing and returning to field machine or throwing returning machine refers to and tractor, pulverizes for rice wheat straw And the facility of throwing returning.Such facility kind of drive is single side belt transmission, also has a double side belt transmission;Crushing knife There is hammer claw, flail knife formula;Flail knife formula has tulwar formula, straight flail knife and combinations thereof formula;The mechanism of crushing straw mainly relies on The cutter effect of impact to straw, the ledger-plate (generally longitudinal layout) that flail knife is fixing with on hood, though having tear, cutting The effect of cutting etc., but limited use;Such facility are mainly used in the chopping and returning of the hard straws such as Semen Maydis, for rice wheat straw powder The broken crushing effect that also cannot meet agriculture requirement.Also there are a kind of facility the most supporting with full feed type rice-wheat combine harvester, Pulverizing the facility shed for rice wheat straw, use fixing cutter and coordinate with stationary knife, chopping result is preferable.In order to improve rice The crushing effect of Wheat Straw, has enterprise to be proposed on the pulverizing cutter shaft of a kind of straw chopping and returning machine the fixing cutter of employing, coordinates machine Longitudinal stationary knife fixing on cover, improves crushing effect, and shedding of crushing straw arranges on the hood in exit that is divided equally a plate, Strengthen facility straw scattering draught uniformity.This kind of facility there is also the cut-out operation to Soil Straw, and throws when gathering in the crops earth's surface The stem stalk effect of picking up spread cannot meet requirement, after combining straw bar paving situation, straw scattering draught exit divide equally plate also without Method reaches the requirement that straw is all thrown.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of rice wheat straw and pulverize scattering machine, to solve the weak point of above-mentioned technology.Use Technical scheme as follows:
A kind of rice wheat straw pulverizes scattering machine, total including frame, side plate, stretching wheel assembly, hanger bracket, strut, side belt One-tenth, hood and regulation roller, hanger bracket is arranged in frame, and frame is also equipped with gearbox assembly, and gearbox assembly passes through Axle is connected with side belt assembly, and side belt assembly is connected with pulverizing cutter shaft, pulverizes and is provided with fixing tulwar on cutter shaft With straight flail knife, straight flail knife is fixed between fixing tulwar, is provided with two straight flail knives, on hood between every two fixing tulwars Being provided with horizontal stationary knife and longitudinal stationary knife, longitudinal stationary knife is located at the surface between two straight flail knives, and fixing tulwar is with the most fixed Cutter is corresponding, and frame is also equipped with the straw section of gathering, and the rear portion of the straw section of gathering is provided with the equal segmentation of straw, the equal segmentation of straw On be provided with and divide equally plate, during work, tractor is pulverized scattering machine with rice wheat straw and is connected, and tractor dynamic power is exported by axle To gearbox assembly, power is passed to side belt assembly by axle by gearbox assembly again, and side belt assembly drives to be pulverized Cutter shaft rotates, pulverize cutter shaft drive fixing tulwar and straight flail knife rotate with on hood horizontal stationary knife and longitudinal direction stationary knife effect reach To the effect of chopping straw, the straw of chopping exports the straw section of gathering, and the straw of pulverizing makes straw under the effect dividing equally plate Shed away equably.The plate pulverizing to high speed derotation operation is divided equally according to uniform arranged in-line by be arranged on equal segmentation The straw that also field cutter shaft is taken out of is divided equally, it is achieved uniformly shedding of crushing straw.
The invention have the advantages that
1. design uniqueness, crushing effect is more preferable, is particularly adapted to rice wheat harvest and obtains the straw of rear cane bar paving, the uneven straw shed Stalk chopping and returning operation, in whole operation process, sheds straw uniform, and operation effectiveness meets agriculture requirement.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is that one rice wheat straw of the present invention pulverizes scattering machine side view;
Fig. 2 is that one rice wheat straw of the present invention pulverizes scattering machine top view;
Fig. 3 is that one rice wheat straw of the present invention pulverizes scattering machine front view;
Fig. 4 is the structure chart that a kind of rice wheat straw of the present invention pulverizes the rotary blade on scattering machine and the stationary knife on hood.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3, Figure 4:
A kind of rice wheat straw pulverizes scattering machine, including frame, side plate 4, stretching wheel assembly 5, hanger bracket 3, strut 1, side Flaw-piece band assembly 2, hood and regulation roller 6, hanger bracket 3 is arranged in frame, and frame is also equipped with gearbox assembly 7, Gearbox assembly 7 is connected with side belt assembly 2 by axle, and side belt assembly 2 is connected with pulverizing cutter shaft 8, its It is characterised by: pulverizing and be provided with fixing tulwar 12 and straight flail knife 13 on cutter shaft 8, straight flail knife 13 is fixed on fixing tulwar 12 Between, between every two fixing tulwars 12, two straight flail knives 13 are installed, hood are provided with horizontal stationary knife 15 and longitudinally determine Cutter 14, longitudinal stationary knife 14 set straight flail knife 13 between surface, fixing tulwar 12 is corresponding with horizontal stationary knife 15, machine Being also equipped with the straw section of gathering 9 on frame, the rear portion of the straw section of gathering 9 is provided with the equal segmentation of straw 10, in the equal segmentation of straw 10 Being provided with and divide equally plate 11, during work, tractor is pulverized scattering machine with rice wheat straw and is connected, and tractor dynamic power is exported by axle To gearbox assembly 7, power is passed to side belt assembly 2, side belt assembly 2 by axle by gearbox assembly 7 again Drive and pulverize cutter shaft 8 and rotate, pulverize cutter shaft 8 drive fixing tulwar 12 and straight flail knife 13 rotate with on hood the most fixed Cutter I5 and longitudinal stationary knife 14 effect reach to shred the effect of straw, and the straw of chopping exports the straw section of gathering 9, pulverizing Straw makes straw shed away equably under the effect dividing equally plate 11.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the invention is not restricted to the details of above-mentioned one exemplary embodiment, and do not carrying on the back In the case of the spirit or essential attributes of the present invention, it is possible to realize the present invention in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter from From the point of view of which point, all should regard embodiment as exemplary, and be nonrestrictive, the scope of the present invention is by appended power Profit requires rather than described above limits, it is intended that all by fall in the implication of equivalency and scope of claim Change is included in the present invention.
Although moreover, it will be appreciated that this specification is been described by according to embodiment, but the most each embodiment only comprises One independent technical scheme, this narrating mode of description is only the most for clarity sake, and those skilled in the art should be by Description is as an entirety, and the technical scheme in each embodiment can also be through appropriately combined, and forming those skilled in the art can With other embodiments understood.

Claims (1)

1. rice wheat straw pulverize a scattering machine, including frame, side plate (4), stretching wheel assembly (5), hanger bracket (3), Strut (1), side belt assembly (2), hood and regulation roller (6), hanger bracket (3) is arranged in frame, Being also equipped with gearbox assembly (7) in frame, gearbox assembly (7) passes through axle and side belt assembly (2) phase Connecting, side belt assembly (2) is connected with pulverizing cutter shaft (8), it is characterised in that: pulverize on cutter shaft (8) Being provided with fixing tulwar (12) and straight flail knife (13), straight flail knife (13) is fixed between fixing tulwar (12), Between every two fixing tulwars (12), two straight flail knives (13) are installed, hood is provided with horizontal stationary knife (15) With longitudinal stationary knife (14), longitudinal stationary knife (14) is located at the surface between two straight flail knives (13), fixed bend Cutter (12) is corresponding with horizontal stationary knife (15), and frame is also equipped with the straw section of gathering (9), the straw section of gathering (9) rear portion is provided with the equal segmentation of straw (10), the equal segmentation of straw (10) is provided with and divides equally plate (11).
CN201610422793.5A 2016-06-15 2016-06-15 A kind of rice wheat straw crushing scattering machine Expired - Fee Related CN105993373B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610422793.5A CN105993373B (en) 2016-06-15 2016-06-15 A kind of rice wheat straw crushing scattering machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610422793.5A CN105993373B (en) 2016-06-15 2016-06-15 A kind of rice wheat straw crushing scattering machine

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105993373A true CN105993373A (en) 2016-10-12
CN105993373B CN105993373B (en) 2019-02-12

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610422793.5A Expired - Fee Related CN105993373B (en) 2016-06-15 2016-06-15 A kind of rice wheat straw crushing scattering machine

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN105993373B (en)

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4109690A (en) * 1975-12-23 1978-08-29 Rauma-Repola Oy Chipper
CN201278681Y (en) * 2008-06-25 2009-07-29 北京市农业机械研究所 Replaceable flail-knife type stalk crushing device
CN203120488U (en) * 2013-02-06 2013-08-14 连云港市连发机械有限公司 Double-shaft grain straw and stubble chopping returning machine
CN205667125U (en) * 2016-06-15 2016-11-02 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 A kind of rice wheat straw pulverizes scattering machine

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4109690A (en) * 1975-12-23 1978-08-29 Rauma-Repola Oy Chipper
CN201278681Y (en) * 2008-06-25 2009-07-29 北京市农业机械研究所 Replaceable flail-knife type stalk crushing device
CN203120488U (en) * 2013-02-06 2013-08-14 连云港市连发机械有限公司 Double-shaft grain straw and stubble chopping returning machine
CN205667125U (en) * 2016-06-15 2016-11-02 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 A kind of rice wheat straw pulverizes scattering machine

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Granted publication date: 20190212

Termination date: 20190615