CN105983866A - Milling method for butt groove for hinge part and milling clamp - Google Patents

Milling method for butt groove for hinge part and milling clamp Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105983866A
CN105983866A CN201610512449.5A CN201610512449A CN105983866A CN 105983866 A CN105983866 A CN 105983866A CN 201610512449 A CN201610512449 A CN 201610512449A CN 105983866 A CN105983866 A CN 105983866A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
locating piece
clamping
milling
groove
guide
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610512449.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
史利利
赵刚
纪严
Original Assignee
中航飞机股份有限公司西安飞机分公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 中航飞机股份有限公司西安飞机分公司 filed Critical 中航飞机股份有限公司西安飞机分公司
Priority to CN201610512449.5A priority Critical patent/CN105983866A/en
Publication of CN105983866A publication Critical patent/CN105983866A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23CMILLING
    • B23C3/00Milling particular work; Special milling operations; Machines therefor
    • B23C3/28Grooving workpieces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/061Work-clamping means adapted for holding a plurality of workpieces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/062Work-clamping means adapted for holding workpieces having a special form or being made from a special material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/16Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine controlled in conjunction with the operation of the tool
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23CMILLING
    • B23C2215/00Details of workpieces
    • B23C2215/04Aircraft components
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23CMILLING
    • B23C2270/00Details of milling machines, milling processes or milling tools not otherwise provided for
    • B23C2270/08Clamping mechanisms or provision for clamping

Abstract

The invention discloses a milling method for a butt groove for a hinge part and a milling clamp. The milling clamp comprises a positioning block and a clamping structure, wherein the positioning block meets an included angle between the notch surface of the part and a positioning surface; a plurality of processing grooves which are matched with the part are formed in the top part of the positioning block; two parallel guide holes are formed in the lower part of the positioning block; and the clamping structure is composed of a bottom plate, two clamping blocks which are arranged in an opposite symmetry manner, two guide blocks, two parallel guide shafts and compression bolts fixed to the corresponding guide blocks. According to the milling method and the milling clamp, the part is fixed to the molded surfaces on the two sides of the positioning block of the milling clamp, the compression bolts on the corresponding guide blocks make the clamping blocks close to the positioning block so as to compress and position the part between the clamping blocks and the positioning block, and the bottom plate of the milling clamp is fixed to a machine tool to carry out milling.

Description

A kind of milling method of hinge class part docking groove and milling clamp
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Machining Technology, a kind of hinge class part docking groove Milling method and milling clamp.
Background technology
Having a lot of hinge class part on aircraft, this type of parts batch is big, and structure is relatively simple, shape Similar, some parts are different on notch face with the angle of fitting surface, and angle is public Difference requires strict, and this is also one of the difficulty of notch face processing.These parts are selected same mostly Plant material or analog material material is processed, simply long with fitting surface angle and part in notch face Be slightly different on short, this be accomplished by new processing method and processing technique adapt to this difficult processing and The production of mass.
The line being processed by workman of aircraft hinge docking groove in the past carrys out milling, thus exists Having personal error and instrumental error, the accumulation of error easily makes to be difficult between hinge coordinate, and even joins Do not close, easily cause part rejection.This needs new processing method to complete hinge notch with regard to pole Milling.
Part location is clamped in a kind of device, and is installed along with on lathe part is carried out Processing, this device is referred to as jig.Some part by fexible unit on lathe (as Scroll chuck, index dial etc.) just can meet processing request;For required precision height, it is difficult to directly It is connected on lathe and positions the part of clamping and need design specialized jig to meet processing request. Milling clamp coordinates milling machine to use, it is ensured that part surface to be machined and cutting tool and milling machine work Platform has correct position relationship.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the application is the notch providing a set of milling clamp to carry out milling hinge class part, Ensure the angle requirement in notch face and fitting surface, and the energy multiple part of time processing, it is achieved batch Quantify to produce.
A kind of milling clamp of hinge class part docking groove, this milling clamp by locating piece and Clamping structure forms, and the top of described locating piece is trapezoidal positioning body, at the two of trapezoidal positioning body Side is provided with the location profile of part, and this location profile makes the notch face of part be in level, And meeting the angle of parts groove actinal surface and fitting surface, the top of trapezoidal positioning body has and part match Multiple tracks processing groove, the bottom of this processing groove parallel to and below the notch face of part, locating piece Bottom is provided with two parallel pilot holes, is additionally provided with fixing hole bottom the two ends of locating piece, described Clamping structure contain base plate, two clamping blocks symmetrical in opposite directions and two guide pads and two put down The axis of guide gone and the hold-down bolt being fixed on guide pad, the inner side of clamping block is provided with and zero Clamping face corresponding inside part, the top of clamping block is provided with the excessively cutter consistent with locating piece processing groove Groove, is provided with the through hole consistent with locating piece pilot hole in the bottom of clamping block, leads for described two Be separately fixed at the both sides of base plate to block, locating piece is fixed on the base plate between two guide pads, Two clamping blocks are respectively in the both sides of locating piece, the axis of guide be each passed through locating piece pilot hole and The through hole of clamping block, the two ends of the axis of guide are connected on two guide pads, hold-down bolt pressure It is connected on the outside of clamping block.
During use, described part is fixed on the location profile of above-mentioned milling clamp locating piece both sides On, make compact heap close with locating piece by the hold-down bolt on guide pad, it is fixed to be compressed by part Between position compact heap and locating piece, the base plate of milling clamp is fixed on lathe and realizes parts groove The milling of mouth.
The application has the beneficial effects that: milling clamp structure registration, clamping are firm, really Protect part performance requirement;Simple in construction, easy to use, chip removal is convenient, and similar part can be total to Using a sleeve clamp, versatility is good;Clamped one time can process two parts of left and right docking, carries The fitness of high left and right part, improves production efficiency, reduces production cost, and suitable batch metaplasia is produced.
Below in conjunction with embodiment accompanying drawing, the application is described in further detail:
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the signal of aircraft hinge class design of part
Fig. 2 is the cross section signal of Fig. 1 part
Fig. 3 is that aircraft hinge type part milling cuts fixture and the signal of milling method
Fig. 4 is the cross section signal of Fig. 3
Fig. 5 is the positioning block structure signal of milling clamp
Fig. 6 is the clamping structure signal of milling clamp
Numbering explanation in figure: inside 1 part, 2 notch faces, 3 locating surfaces, 4 parts, 5 ends Plate, 6 locating pieces, 7 clamping blocks, 8 guide pads, 9 hold-down bolts, 10 axis of guides, 11 right Cutter block, 12 connecting keys, 13 processing grooves, 14 pilot holes, 15 fixing holes, 16 back-moving springs, 17 through holes, 18 mistake cutter grooves
Detailed description of the invention
Seeing accompanying drawing, aircraft hinge class part is as it is shown in figure 1, the left surface of hinge part 1 is The locating surface 3 of part, has certain angle between notch face 2 and the part locating surface 3 of part α=65 °, as shown in Figure 2.During part notch milling, preferably the notch face 2 of part should Put and be parallel to platen, and process the notch of symmetrical two parts simultaneously.To this end, The application provides a kind of milling clamp, and this milling clamp is made up of locating piece 6 and clamping structure, The top of described locating piece 6 is trapezoidal positioning body, is provided with and part in the both sides of trapezoidal positioning body The profile of locating surface 3 coupling, this profile makes the notch face 2 of part be in level, and full Foot parts groove actinal surface 2 and locating surface 3 between angle requirement, the top of trapezoidal positioning body have with The multiple tracks processing groove 13 of part match, the bottom of this processing groove 13 is parallel to and below the groove of part Actinal surface 2, the bottom of locating piece 6 is provided with two parallel pilot holes 14, the two ends of locating piece 6 Bottom is additionally provided with fixing hole 15, and described clamping structure contains the folder that base plate 5, two is symmetrical in opposite directions The axis of guide 10 that tight block 7 is parallel with two guide pads 8 and two and be fixed on guide pad On hold-down bolt 9, clamping block 7 inner side be provided with and 4 corresponding clamping faces inside part, The top of clamping block 7 is provided with the excessively cutter groove 18 consistent with locating piece processing groove 13, at clamping block The bottom of 7 is provided with the through hole 17 consistent with locating piece pilot hole 14, two described guide pads 8 both sides being separately fixed at base plate 5, locating piece 6 is fixed on the end between two guide pads 8 On plate 5, two clamping blocks 8 are respectively in the both sides of locating piece 6, and the axis of guide 10 is each passed through The pilot hole 14 of locating piece and the through hole 17 of clamping block, the two ends of the axis of guide 10 connect respectively On two guide pads 8, hold-down bolt 9 is crimped on the outside of clamping block 7.For user Just, the axis of guide between two clamping blocks is provided with back-moving spring 16.For milling time side Just try cutter, base plate is additionally provided with a feeler block 11, the height of this feeler block 11 and part Notch face 2 mate, the central axis of feeler block 11 and part notch centerline parallel.For It is easy to coordinating of milling clamp and lathe, the base plate 5 of milling clamp is additionally provided with connecting key 12。
Before part notch milling, first two parts 1 are positioned respectively and be clamped in milling clamp location In the left and right sides profile of block 6, by the hold-down bolt 9 on guide pad 8 make compact heap 7 with Locating piece 6 is close, is compressed by part 1 and is positioned between compact heap 7 and locating piece 6, now Back-moving spring 16 is in compressive state, after parts fixation completes, then by the base plate of milling clamp It is fixed on the work platforms of lathe by connecting key 12, then the clamping unit carried by lathe Part clamping milling clamp;Before notch milling, with feeler block to part height and part notch center Line position, to cutter, carries out milling to follow procedure after cutter to part notch, removes milling folder after milling Have.

Claims (4)

1. a milling clamp for hinge class part docking groove, this milling clamp by locating piece and Clamping structure forms, and the top of described locating piece is trapezoidal positioning body, at the two of trapezoidal positioning body Side is provided with the profile mated with part locating surface, and this location profile makes the notch face of part be in water Level state, and meet the angle of parts groove actinal surface and locating surface, the top of trapezoidal positioning body have with Part match multiple tracks processing groove, the bottom of this processing groove parallel to and below the notch face of part, The bottom of locating piece is provided with two parallel pilot holes, is additionally provided with fixing bottom the two ends of locating piece Hole, described clamping structure contain base plate, two clamping blocks symmetrical in opposite directions and two guide pads with And two parallel axis of guides and the hold-down bolt that is fixed on guide pad, the inner side of clamping block Being provided with the clamping face corresponding with inside part, the top of clamping block is provided with and processes groove one with locating piece Cause crosses cutter groove, is provided with the through hole consistent with locating piece pilot hole in the bottom of clamping block, described Two guide pads be separately fixed at the both sides of base plate, locating piece is fixed between two guide pads Base plate on, two clamping blocks are respectively in the both sides of locating piece, and the axis of guide is each passed through locating piece Pilot hole and clamping block through hole, the two ends of the axis of guide are connected on two guide pads, Hold-down bolt is crimped on the outside of clamping block.
2. the milling clamp of hinge class part docking groove as claimed in claim 1, it is special Levying and be, be additionally provided with a feeler block on base plate, this is to the fast height of cutter and parts groove actinal surface Coupling, the central axis fast to cutter and part notch centerline parallel.
3. the milling clamp of hinge class part docking groove as claimed in claim 1, it is special Levy and be, the axis of guide between clamping block is additionally provided with back-moving spring.
4. the milling method of a hinge class part docking groove, it is known that this parts groove actinal surface is with outer The angle of side fitting surface, it is characterised in that: 1) there is a milling clamp, this milling clamp is by fixed Position block and clamping structure composition, the top of described locating piece is trapezoidal positioning body, in trapezoidal location The both sides of body are provided with the profile mated with part locating surface, and this profile makes the notch face of part be in Level, and meet the angle of parts groove actinal surface and locating surface, the top of trapezoidal positioning body has Process groove with the multiple tracks of part match, the bottom of this processing groove parallel to and below the notch face of part, The bottom of locating piece is provided with two parallel pilot holes, is additionally provided with fixing bottom the two ends of locating piece Hole, described clamping structure contain base plate, two clamping blocks symmetrical in opposite directions and two guide pads with And two parallel axis of guides and the hold-down bolt that is fixed on guide pad, the inner side of clamping block Being provided with the clamping face corresponding with part medial surface, the top of clamping block is provided with and processes groove with locating piece Consistent crosses cutter groove, is provided with the through hole consistent with locating piece pilot hole, institute in the bottom of clamping block Two guide pads stated are separately fixed at the both sides of base plate, locating piece be fixed on two guide pads it Between base plate on, two clamping blocks are respectively in the both sides of locating piece, and the axis of guide is each passed through location The pilot hole of block and the through hole of clamping block, the two ends of the axis of guide are connected on two guide pads, Being additionally provided with back-moving spring on the axis of guide between clamping block, hold-down bolt is crimped on clamping block Outside, is additionally provided with a feeler block, the height of this feeler block and parts groove actinal surface on base plate Join, the central axis of feeler block and part notch centerline parallel;2) described part is fixed In the profile of above-mentioned milling clamp locating piece both sides, make pressure by the hold-down bolt on guide pad Tight block is close with locating piece, is compressed by part and is positioned between compact heap and locating piece, and milling is pressed from both sides The base plate of tool is fixed on lathe;3) before notch milling, with feeler block to part height and zero Part notch position of center line is to cutter, to the milling realized after cutter part notch.
CN201610512449.5A 2016-07-01 2016-07-01 Milling method for butt groove for hinge part and milling clamp CN105983866A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610512449.5A CN105983866A (en) 2016-07-01 2016-07-01 Milling method for butt groove for hinge part and milling clamp

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610512449.5A CN105983866A (en) 2016-07-01 2016-07-01 Milling method for butt groove for hinge part and milling clamp

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105983866A true CN105983866A (en) 2016-10-05

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107553169A (en) * 2017-09-28 2018-01-09 中国航发动力股份有限公司 One kind is used for aero-engine finish forge blade processing positioner

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201529909U (en) * 2009-10-30 2010-07-21 长春轨道客车股份有限公司 Support seat processing tool
CN202479862U (en) * 2012-02-28 2012-10-10 沈阳飞机工业(集团)有限公司 Milling fixture combining positioning and clamping
CN203579252U (en) * 2013-09-12 2014-05-07 西安志越机电科技有限公司 T-shaped part stepped end face milling and clamping device
CN104015073A (en) * 2013-12-16 2014-09-03 芜湖市天雄新材料科技有限公司 Pressure controllable type limiting anti-loose fine adjusting clamp
CN104440203A (en) * 2013-09-12 2015-03-25 西安志越机电科技有限公司 Double-station side milling compressing device
CN204686483U (en) * 2015-04-01 2015-10-07 张国坚 A kind of fixture
EP2875884B1 (en) * 2013-11-12 2016-02-24 Rolls-Royce plc Method and apparatus for forming thin discs
CN205166450U (en) * 2015-11-23 2016-04-20 山东太古飞机工程有限公司 Aircraft section bar centre bore location drilling auxiliary device
CN205817358U (en) * 2016-07-01 2016-12-21 中航飞机股份有限公司西安飞机分公司 A kind of milling clamp of hinge class part docking groove

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201529909U (en) * 2009-10-30 2010-07-21 长春轨道客车股份有限公司 Support seat processing tool
CN202479862U (en) * 2012-02-28 2012-10-10 沈阳飞机工业(集团)有限公司 Milling fixture combining positioning and clamping
CN203579252U (en) * 2013-09-12 2014-05-07 西安志越机电科技有限公司 T-shaped part stepped end face milling and clamping device
CN104440203A (en) * 2013-09-12 2015-03-25 西安志越机电科技有限公司 Double-station side milling compressing device
EP2875884B1 (en) * 2013-11-12 2016-02-24 Rolls-Royce plc Method and apparatus for forming thin discs
CN104015073A (en) * 2013-12-16 2014-09-03 芜湖市天雄新材料科技有限公司 Pressure controllable type limiting anti-loose fine adjusting clamp
CN204686483U (en) * 2015-04-01 2015-10-07 张国坚 A kind of fixture
CN205166450U (en) * 2015-11-23 2016-04-20 山东太古飞机工程有限公司 Aircraft section bar centre bore location drilling auxiliary device
CN205817358U (en) * 2016-07-01 2016-12-21 中航飞机股份有限公司西安飞机分公司 A kind of milling clamp of hinge class part docking groove

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107553169A (en) * 2017-09-28 2018-01-09 中国航发动力股份有限公司 One kind is used for aero-engine finish forge blade processing positioner

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Application publication date: 20161005

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