CN105915113B - A kind of boiler smoke power generator - Google Patents

A kind of boiler smoke power generator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105915113B
CN105915113B CN201610326918.4A CN201610326918A CN105915113B CN 105915113 B CN105915113 B CN 105915113B CN 201610326918 A CN201610326918 A CN 201610326918A CN 105915113 B CN105915113 B CN 105915113B
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China
Prior art keywords
shell
heat
recuperation
cavity
power generation
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CN201610326918.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105915113A (en
Inventor
张志海
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Dongyang yangtao Electronic Technology Co., Ltd.
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Dongyang Yangtao Electronic Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610326918.4A priority Critical patent/CN105915113B/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02NELECTRIC MACHINES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H02N2/00Electric machines in general using piezo-electric effect, electrostriction or magnetostriction
    • H02N2/18Electric machines in general using piezo-electric effect, electrostriction or magnetostriction producing electrical output from mechanical input, e.g. generators
    • H02N2/185Electric machines in general using piezo-electric effect, electrostriction or magnetostriction producing electrical output from mechanical input, e.g. generators using fluid streams
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23JREMOVAL OR TREATMENT OF COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OR COMBUSTION RESIDUES; FLUES 
    • F23J15/00Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes
    • F23J15/08Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes of heaters

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of boiler smoke power generator, including power generation shell and recuperation of heat shell, recuperation of heat lower part of the housing to be connected with chimney;It is provided with heat insulation foam on the outer surface of the recuperation of heat shell, it is provided with lower cavity and upper chamber in recuperation of heat shell, several flues disposed in parallel are provided between upper chamber and lower cavity, flue is connect with the internal cavities of upper chamber and lower cavity, it is provided with heat collector cavity between two adjacent flues, is connected with outlet pipe by water inlet pipe between heat collector cavity;Several arc-shaped protrusions are provided on the inner wall of the heat collector cavity, the radian of arc top protrusion is 2.65;The power generation shell is spherical shell, and thermal expansion air bag is provided in the shell that generates electricity.The advantage of the invention is that it can overcome the drawbacks of prior art, novelty reasonable in design.

Description

A kind of boiler smoke power generator
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of boiler smoke power generator, belong to field of environment protection.
Background technology
The two big main losses in thermal power plant are cold source energy and heat loss due to exhaust gas respectively.Heat loss due to exhaust gas is power station pot Maximum one in stove various heat losses, the heat loss due to exhaust gas of modern station boiler is typically about 4%~8%.Influence smoke evacuation heat One key factor of loss is exhaust gas temperature.However existing retracting device can cause waste heat to exist, and recycle not comprehensive, remaining There are a large amount of wasting phenomenons when recuperation of heat.
Invention content
In view of the deficienciess of the prior art, the technical problem to be solved by the invention is to provide a kind of boiler smoke hairs Electric installation is generated electricity by flue gas again after absorbing the heat of boiler smoke, high conversion efficiency.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is that, a kind of boiler smoke power generator, including hair Electric shell and recuperation of heat shell, recuperation of heat lower part of the housing are connected with chimney;Be provided on the outer surface of the recuperation of heat shell every Hot cotton is provided with lower cavity and upper chamber in recuperation of heat shell, is provided between upper chamber and lower cavity several flat The flue of row setting, flue connect with the internal cavities of upper chamber and lower cavity, are set between two adjacent flues It is equipped with heat collector cavity, is connected with outlet pipe by water inlet pipe between heat collector cavity;Several arcs are provided on the inner wall of the heat collector cavity The radian of protrusion, arc top protrusion is 2.65;The power generation shell is spherical shell, and thermal expansion air bag is provided in the shell that generates electricity, It is evenly arranged with several generation blocks on the inner wall of power generation shell;It is provided with intermediate cigarette between the power generation shell and recuperation of heat shell Road thermally expands the lower end connection intermediate flue of air bag, thermally expands exhaust pipe there are one the upper end connections of air bag, exhaust pipe is taper The tapering point of pipe, exhaust pipe passes through power generation shell, and the taper of exhaust pipe is 1:1.45, a diameter of power generation shell in lower face of exhaust pipe The 1/9 of external surface diameter;The generation block includes lower supporting plate, and piezoelectric ceramic piece, piezoelectric ceramics are provided on lower supporting plate Piece is arc-like sheet, and the radian of piezoelectric ceramic piece is 3.04, and piezoelectric ceramic piece is connected with inverter circuit by conducting wire, and inverter circuit connects It is connected to regulator circuit, regulator circuit is connected with accumulator;There are one cylinder of taking a breath, the middle parts for cylinder of taking a breath for the exhaust pipe top connection Several air vents are provided with, are arranged in ventilation cylinder there are one piston port, piston rod I, piston are vertically connected on piston port The end of bar I is rotatably connected to piston rod II, and piston rod II is rotatably connected to cam, and cam is connected with piston motor, piston electricity The power end of machine connects accumulator.
Optimize, above-mentioned boiler smoke power generator, intake pump is provided on the water inlet pipe.
The advantage of the invention is that it can overcome the drawbacks of prior art, novelty reasonable in design.The application passes through heat Amount recycling, is generated electricity by flue gas again after absorbing the heat of boiler smoke, and fume afterheat utilization rate is high, and can generate electricity, fully profit With gas energy, energy conservation and environmental protection.Preliminary heat recovery is carried out by flue and heat collector cavity, by water inlet pipe and is gone out in heat collector cavity Water pipe is perfused cold water and forms water circulation, takes away the heat of the flue gas in flue.Flue gas is after preliminary heat recovery, flue gas Also include certain heat, it is well known physics principle that hot-air, which moves upwards, and it is upward that this strand of heat so that flue gas generates Buoyancy, using this buoyancy, flue gas enters thermal expansion air bag by intermediate flue, by the effect of taper exhaust pipe, subtracts Slow flue gas is sent so that flue gas is put aside in thermal expansion air bag so that air bag expansion is thermally expanded, after thermal expansion air bag expansion, to hair Electric block generates extruding, this burst of extruding force makes the piezoelectric ceramic piece in generation block is pressurized to generate pulsed discharge, this strand of electric energy passes through After voltage stabilizing, inversion, savings in accumulator is entered.Due to the electricity generating principle of piezoelectric ceramic piece, need according to certain frequency pair Piezoelectric ceramic piece is pressed and is discharged, and can just be produced electricl energy, therefore is provided on exhaust pipe top in the technical solution of the application One regular to the air pressure progress for thermally expanding gas in air bag by certain frequency blocking or relieving air vent by piston motion Adjusting device, including ventilation cylinder, piston port, piston rod I, piston rod II, cam and piston motor pass through this piston The operating of mechanism blocks air vent when piston port moves to air vent lower part, stops deflating, when piston port moves to When air vent top, air vent is decontroled, is deflated, thermally expanded the gas pressure change in air bag in this way, thermally expand gas therewith Capsule is expanded and is shunk, and presses piezoelectric ceramic piece during expansion, and piezoelectric ceramic piece, such piezoelectric ceramic piece energy are decontroled when shrinking Enough lasting to produce electricl energy, piston motor connects accumulator, and piston motor power is smaller, and the electric energy of loss passes through less than accumulator The electric energy that piezoelectric ceramic piece generates can continue to use.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the piston mechanism attachment structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
In figure:1 it is power generation shell, 2 be recuperation of heat shell, 3 be chimney, 4 be heat insulation foam, 5 be lower cavity, 6 is top Cavity, 7 be flue, 8 be heat collector cavity, 9 be water inlet pipe, 10 be outlet pipe, 11 be arc-shaped protrusions, 12 be to thermally expand air bag, 13 be Intermediate flue, 14 be exhaust pipe, 15 be piezoelectric ceramic piece, 16 be air vent, 17 inverter circuits, 18 be regulator circuit, 19 be storage Battery, 20 be ventilation cylinder, 21 be piston port, 22 be piston rod I, 23 be piston rod II, 24 be cam, 25 be piston motor, 26 be lower supporting plate.
Specific implementation mode
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings with the specific embodiment technical characterstic that the present invention is further explained.
The present invention is a kind of boiler smoke power generator, including power generation shell and recuperation of heat shell, recuperation of heat lower part of the housing It is connected with chimney;Heat insulation foam is provided on the outer surface of the recuperation of heat shell, be provided in recuperation of heat shell lower cavity and Upper chamber is provided with several flues disposed in parallel, flue and upper chamber and lower part between upper chamber and lower cavity The internal cavities of cavity connect, and are provided with heat collector cavity between two adjacent flues, between heat collector cavity by water inlet pipe and Outlet pipe connects;Several arc-shaped protrusions are provided on the inner wall of the heat collector cavity, the radian of arc top protrusion is 2.65;The power generation Shell is spherical shell, is provided with thermal expansion air bag in the shell that generates electricity, several power generations are evenly arranged on the inner wall for the shell that generates electricity Block;It is provided with intermediate flue between the power generation shell and recuperation of heat shell, thermally expands the lower end connection intermediate flue of air bag, heat There are one exhaust pipe, exhaust pipe is conical pipe for the upper end connection of swelling gasbag, and the tapering point of exhaust pipe passes through power generation shell, exhaust The taper of pipe is 1:1.45, the 1/9 of a diameter of power generation housing outer surface diameter in lower face of exhaust pipe;Under the generation block includes Support plate is provided with piezoelectric ceramic piece on lower supporting plate, and piezoelectric ceramic piece is arc-like sheet, and the radian of piezoelectric ceramic piece is 3.04, Piezoelectric ceramic piece is connected with inverter circuit by conducting wire, and inverter circuit is connected with regulator circuit, and regulator circuit is connected with accumulator; The exhaust pipe top connection is provided with several air vents there are one cylinder of taking a breath in the middle part of cylinder of taking a breath, one is provided in cylinder of taking a breath A piston port is vertically connected with piston rod I on piston port, and the end of piston rod I is rotatably connected to piston rod II, piston rod II is rotatably connected to cam, and cam is connected with piston motor, and the power end of piston motor connects accumulator.It is set on the water inlet pipe It is equipped with intake pump.
The advantage of the invention is that it can overcome the drawbacks of prior art, novelty reasonable in design.The application passes through heat Amount recycling, is generated electricity by flue gas again after absorbing the heat of boiler smoke, and fume afterheat utilization rate is high, and can generate electricity, fully profit With gas energy, energy conservation and environmental protection.Preliminary heat recovery is carried out by flue and heat collector cavity, by water inlet pipe and is gone out in heat collector cavity Water pipe is perfused cold water and forms water circulation, takes away the heat of the flue gas in flue.Flue gas is after preliminary heat recovery, flue gas Also include certain heat, it is well known physics principle that hot-air, which moves upwards, and it is upward that this strand of heat so that flue gas generates Buoyancy, using this buoyancy, flue gas enters thermal expansion air bag by intermediate flue, by the effect of taper exhaust pipe, subtracts Slow flue gas is sent so that flue gas is put aside in thermal expansion air bag so that air bag expansion is thermally expanded, after thermal expansion air bag expansion, to hair Electric block generates extruding, this burst of extruding force makes the piezoelectric ceramic piece in generation block is pressurized to generate pulsed discharge, this strand of electric energy passes through After voltage stabilizing, inversion, savings in accumulator is entered.Due to the electricity generating principle of piezoelectric ceramic piece, need according to certain frequency pair Piezoelectric ceramic piece is pressed and is discharged, and can just be produced electricl energy, therefore is provided on exhaust pipe top in the technical solution of the application One regular to the air pressure progress for thermally expanding gas in air bag by certain frequency blocking or relieving air vent by piston motion Adjusting device, including ventilation cylinder, piston port, piston rod I, piston rod II, cam and piston motor pass through this piston The operating of mechanism blocks air vent when piston port moves to air vent lower part, stops deflating, when piston port moves to When air vent top, air vent is decontroled, is deflated, thermally expanded the gas pressure change in air bag in this way, thermally expand gas therewith Capsule is expanded and is shunk, and presses piezoelectric ceramic piece during expansion, and piezoelectric ceramic piece, such piezoelectric ceramic piece energy are decontroled when shrinking Enough lasting to produce electricl energy, piston motor connects accumulator, and piston motor power is smaller, and the electric energy of loss passes through less than accumulator The electric energy that piezoelectric ceramic piece generates can continue to use.The radian of piezoelectric ceramic piece is according to the pressing efficiency for thermally expanding air bag Design.
Certainly, above description is not limitation of the present invention, and the present invention is also not limited to the example above, the art Those of ordinary skill, the present invention essential scope in, the variations, modifications, additions or substitutions made, should all belong to the present invention Protection domain.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of boiler smoke power generator, it is characterised in that:Including power generation shell and recuperation of heat shell, recuperation of heat lower part of the housing It is connected with chimney;Heat insulation foam is provided on the outer surface of the recuperation of heat shell, be provided in recuperation of heat shell lower cavity and Upper chamber is provided with several flues disposed in parallel, flue and upper chamber and lower part between upper chamber and lower cavity The internal cavities of cavity connect, and are provided with heat collector cavity between two adjacent flues, between heat collector cavity by water inlet pipe and Outlet pipe connects;Several arc-shaped protrusions are provided on the inner wall of the heat collector cavity, the radian of arc top protrusion is 2.65;The power generation Shell is spherical shell, is provided with thermal expansion air bag in the shell that generates electricity, several power generations are evenly arranged on the inner wall for the shell that generates electricity Block;It is provided with intermediate flue between the power generation shell and recuperation of heat shell, thermally expands the lower end connection intermediate flue of air bag, heat There are one exhaust pipe, exhaust pipe is conical pipe for the upper end connection of swelling gasbag, and the tapering point of exhaust pipe passes through power generation shell, exhaust The taper of pipe is 1:1.45, the 1/9 of a diameter of power generation housing outer surface diameter in lower face of exhaust pipe;Under the generation block includes Support plate is provided with piezoelectric ceramic piece on lower supporting plate, and piezoelectric ceramic piece is arc-like sheet, and the radian of piezoelectric ceramic piece is 3.04, Piezoelectric ceramic piece is connected with rectification circuit by conducting wire, and rectification circuit is connected with regulator circuit, and regulator circuit is connected with accumulator; The exhaust pipe top connection is provided with several air vents there are one cylinder of taking a breath in the middle part of cylinder of taking a breath, one is provided in cylinder of taking a breath A piston port is vertically connected with piston rod I on piston port, and the end of piston rod I is rotatably connected to piston rod II, piston rod II is rotatably connected to cam, and cam is connected with piston motor, and the power end of piston motor connects accumulator.
2. boiler smoke power generator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is provided on the water inlet pipe into water Pump.
CN201610326918.4A 2016-05-17 2016-05-17 A kind of boiler smoke power generator Active CN105915113B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610326918.4A CN105915113B (en) 2016-05-17 2016-05-17 A kind of boiler smoke power generator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610326918.4A CN105915113B (en) 2016-05-17 2016-05-17 A kind of boiler smoke power generator

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CN105915113A CN105915113A (en) 2016-08-31
CN105915113B true CN105915113B (en) 2018-09-28

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202361394U (en) * 2011-11-10 2012-08-01 王海波 Composite phase change heat exchanging device for recycling flue gas waste heat in boiler
JP2013061088A (en) * 2011-09-12 2013-04-04 Hitachi Ltd Heat recovery system of boiler with co2 capture system
EP2555412A3 (en) * 2011-08-05 2014-05-07 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Ultrasonic motor and lens apparatus including the same
CN104100994A (en) * 2014-07-04 2014-10-15 西安西热锅炉环保工程有限公司 Boiler energy saving and emission reduction system based on flue gas waste heat recovery and reheating technology

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2555412A3 (en) * 2011-08-05 2014-05-07 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Ultrasonic motor and lens apparatus including the same
JP2013061088A (en) * 2011-09-12 2013-04-04 Hitachi Ltd Heat recovery system of boiler with co2 capture system
CN202361394U (en) * 2011-11-10 2012-08-01 王海波 Composite phase change heat exchanging device for recycling flue gas waste heat in boiler
CN104100994A (en) * 2014-07-04 2014-10-15 西安西热锅炉环保工程有限公司 Boiler energy saving and emission reduction system based on flue gas waste heat recovery and reheating technology

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Effective date of registration: 20180822

Address after: 322100 Jiangnan street, Jiangbei street, Dongyang, Jinhua, Zhejiang No. 1 Hutang

Applicant after: Dongyang yangtao Electronic Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 150001 1 unit 5, 3 unit, 802 building, an Bu District, Xiangfang, Harbin, Heilongjiang

Applicant before: HARBIN GONGYANG TECHNOLOGY CONSULTING CO., LTD.

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