CN105908308A - Textile material and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Textile material and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105908308A
CN105908308A CN201610463207.1A CN201610463207A CN105908308A CN 105908308 A CN105908308 A CN 105908308A CN 201610463207 A CN201610463207 A CN 201610463207A CN 105908308 A CN105908308 A CN 105908308A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
textile
fiber
denier
blending
raw
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610463207.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
沈东�
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Wuxi Five-Starred Knitting & Weaving Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Wuxi Five-Starred Knitting & Weaving Co Ltd
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Application filed by Wuxi Five-Starred Knitting & Weaving Co Ltd filed Critical Wuxi Five-Starred Knitting & Weaving Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610463207.1A priority Critical patent/CN105908308A/en
Publication of CN105908308A publication Critical patent/CN105908308A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D02YARNS; MECHANICAL FINISHING OF YARNS OR ROPES; WARPING OR BEAMING
    • D02GCRIMPING OR CURLING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, OR YARNS; YARNS OR THREADS
    • D02G3/00Yarns or threads, e.g. fancy yarns; Processes or apparatus for the production thereof, not otherwise provided for
    • D02G3/02Yarns or threads characterised by the material or by the materials from which they are made
    • D02G3/04Blended or other yarns or threads containing components made from different materials
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2211/00Protein-based fibres, e.g. animal fibres
    • D10B2211/01Natural animal fibres, e.g. keratin fibres
    • D10B2211/02Wool
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2211/00Protein-based fibres, e.g. animal fibres
    • D10B2211/20Protein-derived artificial fibres
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2331/00Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products
    • D10B2331/02Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products polyamides

Abstract

The invention provides a textile material and a preparation method thereof. The textile material is mainly prepared by blending the following raw materials in percentage by weight: 15 to 20% of wool fibers, 36 to 50% of natural ocean polymer chitosan fibers, 1 to 8% of milk protein fibers, 10 to 20% of bamboo charcoal fibers, and 12 to 20% of chinlon. The antibacterial rate of the textile material to staphylococcus aureus is up to 99.7 to 99.99%, and the antibacterial rate of the textile material to klebsiella pneumonia is up to 99 to 99.99%; the textile material can be washed at 88 to 95 times; in addition, the burst strength of the textile materials reaches 490 to 580 N, and the color fastness to washing is up to 5 level; moreover, the textile material is good in hand feeling and comfortable to wear, and is applicable to manufacturing of textiles such as shirts, underwear, pajamas, hats, gloves, sports wears and bedding articles.

Description

A kind of textile material and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to textile material field, relate to a kind of textile material and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Along with socioeconomic fast development, people's quality of life improve constantly the transformation with concept of health, Increasing people starts to advocate nature and healthy lifestyles.The most single and dull textile is the most not Adapt to the development in epoch and the needs of people, therefore in the urgent need to exploitation Multifunction textile material and Functional treatment technology, to meet the consumption requirement of modern.
Chitin fiber comes from marine organism material, is a kind of natural macromolecular compound, nonpoisonous and tasteless, There are good biological activity, biological degradability, biocompatibility, for the exploitation of textile material, have anti- Bacterium, antipruritic, deodorant and good moisture absorption are ventilative, moisture-inhibiting function.Chitin fiber so having antibacterial characteristics, Can be understood as chitin fiber with positive charge, antibacterial is then with negative charge, owing to positive and negative charge is attracting, Block the bioelectric current of bacterial cell, made cell lose activity and dead.
Milk protein fiber (abbreviation milk fibre) is by aqueous milk separation, the milk egg of gained after anhydrating White matter, adds that milk serosity made by softener, then by wet spinning process and scientific disposal, is spun into milk Wire protein fiber.This fiber reaches 17 kinds more than containing various aminoacid, has worn next to the skin profit flesh and has supported skin, grows and slide Effect of skin, milk filaments also has natural lasting bacteria resistance function simultaneously, and milk filaments is higher than staple intensity, Fabric outward appearance is smooth, vertical, slim and graceful, and dress breathes freely, lead body wet, refreshing, endurable, washable.
Tencel (T ENCEL) is the brand name of global well-known Britain Lai Qianer fiber, be have drawn from natural Staple fibre, it is to extract in the native cellulose from wood pulp.Process for making: wood pulp~ Dissolving-filter~spray webbing~cleaning~drying-fiber, tencel has preferable strength compared with cotton, elongation rate, There is the features such as soft, the moisture absorption moisture-inhibiting pendency good springiness of natural fiber, dyeability are good and can give birth to Thing is degraded.
CN 103147195 A discloses a kind of textile material and manufacture method thereof, by chitin fiber, milk Azelon, silk fiber blended forming, the percentage by weight of blending is 10~40: 10~50: 40~60, Aromatic is at least contained on described blend fibre.Advantage of the present invention by after above-mentioned three kinds of fiber blends, Ke Yichong The advantage of three is waved in distribution, makes product have bacteriostatic deodorizing, profit flesh supports skin, the merit of moisture absorption soft comfortable simultaneously Energy.Simultaneously by the Final finishing containing aromatic microcapsule, fabric becomes the preferably load containing aromatic microcapsule Body, fabric passes through microcapsule aromatic agent slow release, can implement the functional treatment of fragrance, strengthens the immunity of human body Ability, improves the living environment quality of people, has certain auxiliary therapeutic action to health.
But, need that there is higher bacteriostasis rate and the textile material of washable antibiotic property in the art.
Summary of the invention
For the deficiencies in the prior art, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of textile material and preparation method thereof.
For reaching this purpose, the present invention by the following technical solutions:
On the one hand, the invention provides a kind of textile material, described textile material mainly includes yarn, described Yarn includes that the following mutual twisted of component of percentage by weight forms:
The present invention will have the wool fiber of bacteriostasis, bamboo carbon fiber and natural marine high polymer chitosan The percentage by weight of fibre composition is limited in 15-20%, 10-20% and 36-50% respectively, and combines 12-15% Chinlon and the milk protein fiber of 1-8% make the textile material prepared have bacteriostasis antibiosis effect, moisten simultaneously Flesh supports skin, comfortable and easy to wear, and has preferable strength, percentage elongation, has soft, moisture absorption moisture-inhibiting and hangs The features such as vertical good springiness, dyeability are good.
In the present invention, in the raw material of described textile material, the percentage by weight of wool fiber is 15-20%, example Such as 15%, 15.3%, 15.5%, 15.8%, 16%, 16.2%, 16.4%, 16.8%, 17%, 17.2%, 17.4%, 17.6%, 17.8%, 17.9%, 18%, 18.3%, 18.5%, 18.8%, 19%, 19.3%, 19.5% or 20%.
In the present invention, the weight hundred of natural marine high polymer chitosan fiber in the raw material of described textile material Proportion by subtraction is 36-50%, such as 36%, 37%, 38%, 39%, 40%, 41%, 42%, 43%, 44%, 45%, 46%, 47%, 48%, 49% or 50%.
In the present invention, in the raw material of described textile material, the percentage by weight of milk protein fiber is 1-8%, Such as 1%, 1.5%, 2%, 2.5%, 3%, 3.5%, 4%, 4.5%, 5%, 5.5%, 6%, 6.5%, 7%, 7.5% or 8%.
In the present invention, in the raw material of described textile material, the percentage by weight of bamboo carbon fiber is 10-20%, example Such as 10%, 11%, 12%, 13%, 14%, 15%, 16%, 17%, 18%, 19% or 20%.
In the present invention, in the raw material of described textile material, the percentage by weight of chinlon is 12-20%, such as 12%, 13%, 13.5%, 13.8%, 14%, 14.5%, 15%, 15.5%, 16%, 16.5%, 17%, 18%, 19% or 20%.
In textile material of the present invention, the fiber number of described natural marine high polymer chitosan fiber is 0.8-3 denier, such as 0.8 denier, 1 denier, 1.2 denier, 1.4 denier, 1.6 denier, 1.8 denier, 2 denier, 2.3 denier, 2.5 Denier, 2.8 denier or 3 denier, strength be 0.8-3g/ denier, such as 0.8g/ denier, 1g/ denier, 1.2g/ denier, 1,5g/ denier, 1.8g/ denier, 2g/ denier, 2.3g/ denier, 2.5g/ denier, 2.8g/ denier or 3g/ denier.
The preparation method of textile material of the present invention, said method comprising the steps of:
Wool fiber and natural marine high polymer chitosan fiber are carried out blending, then it is being mixed with chinlon Spin, obtain described textile material.
The method of the invention includes that cotton cleaning process, the condition of described cotton cleaning process are: steamed roll quantitative 400~ 500g/m, fixed length 32m~40m, kirschner beater 520r~550r/min, rolling roller 10~15r/min, Carding step cylinder rotating speed 300~350r/min, licker-in rotating speed 820~880r/min, operation uses air to twist with the fingers Connecing device joint, groove drum adjustment of rotational speed is 1600~1800r/min.
In the preparation method of textile material of the present invention, the described finishing agent arranging microcapsule contains weight Amount is than following component:
Relative to prior art, the method have the advantages that
The present invention is by utilizing the natural marine high polymer chitosan fiber of the wool fiber of 15-20%, 36-50% The chinlon of 1-8% milk protein fiber, 10-20% bamboo carbon fiber and 12-20% carries out blending and makes textile material, Described textile material can reach 99.7-99.99% to the bacteriostasis rate of staphylococcus aureus, mould in vain to pneumonia gram The bacteriostasis rate of Salmonella can reach 99-99.99%, and washable number of times is 88-95 time, and has 490~580N Bursting strength, Washing reaches 5 grades, and good hand touch, comfortable and easy to wear, be suitable for manufacture lining The textiles such as shirt, underwear, nightwear, medicated cap, glove, gym suit and bedding.
Detailed description of the invention
Technical scheme is further illustrated below by detailed description of the invention.Those skilled in the art It will be clearly understood that the only help of described embodiment understands the present invention, it is not construed as the concrete restriction to the present invention.
Embodiment 1
In the present embodiment, textile material is prepared by the raw material blending that percentage by weight is following:
Preparation process is as follows:
Wool fiber and natural marine high polymer chitosan fiber are carried out blending, then it is being mixed with chinlon Spin, obtain described textile material.
Wherein said blended weave:
1, wool fiber, bamboo carbon fiber, milk protein fiber, natural marine high polymer chitosan fiber → press Certain proportion mixing → opening picking is made volume → carding machine and is mixed and made into bar;
2, chinlon → opening picking is made volume → comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning and is made bar → bar and roll into → make bar;
3, wool fiber, bamboo carbon fiber, milk protein fiber, natural marine high polymer chitosan fiber, brocade Synthetic fibre → give drawing frame → drawing frame → fly frame → spinning frame → bobbin-winding machine → finished product yarn~inspection warehouse-in.
The process conditions of the cotton cleaning process in wherein said blended weave are:
Steamed roll quantitative 400~500g/m, fixed length 32m~40m, kirschner beater 520r~550r/min, rolling Roller 10~15r/min, carding step cylinder rotating speed 300~350r/min, licker-in rotating speed 820~880r/min, Operation uses air splicer joint, and groove drum adjustment of rotational speed is 1600~1800r/min.
Wool fiber, natural marine high polymer chitosan fiber, milk protein fiber, bamboo carbon fiber, chinlon Scribbled index is as follows: single wire fracture intensity is 12~15CN/tex;Filament strength coefficient of variation CV% is 10~14.5;Strip dry uniformity variant coefficient CV% is 13~18;Deviation of weight is < 2.1%.
In micro capsule technology, the formula of finishing agent is as follows:
Microcapsule finishing technique technology:
Microcapsule (aromatic clathrate) reparation technology:
Carry out the beta-schardinger dextrin-to produce with aromatic mixing → stir → (time is for temperature 30~40 DEG C 2~3 hours) → filtration → washing → drying → microcapsule (aromatic clathrate) granule footpath is 2~10 μm.
Embodiment 2
As different from Example 1, the composition of raw materials of textile material is as follows for the present embodiment:
In addition, remaining condition is the most same as in Example 1 with step.
Embodiment 3
As different from Example 1, the composition of raw materials of textile material is as follows for the present embodiment:
In addition, remaining condition is the most same as in Example 1 with step.
Embodiment 4
As different from Example 1, the composition of raw materials of textile material is as follows for the present embodiment:
In addition, remaining condition is the most same as in Example 1 with step.
Embodiment 5
As different from Example 1, the composition of raw materials of textile material is as follows for the present embodiment:
In addition, remaining condition is the most same as in Example 1 with step.
Comparative example 1
In this comparative example raw material as different from Example 1, the consumption of wool fiber is 14%, and chinlon consumption is 13%, remaining raw material is all identical with the embodiment of the present invention 1 with raw material dosage and preparation condition.
Comparative example 2
In this comparative example raw material as different from Example 2, the consumption of wool fiber is 22%, and chinlon consumption is 17%, remaining raw material is all identical with the embodiment of the present invention 2 with raw material dosage and preparation condition.
Comparative example 3
In this comparative example raw material as different from Example 1, the consumption of natural marine high polymer chitosan fiber is 52%, bamboo carbon fiber consumption is 13%, and remaining raw material is all real with the present invention with raw material dosage and preparation condition Execute example 1 identical.
Comparative example 4
In this comparative example raw material as different from Example 2, the consumption of natural marine high polymer chitosan fiber is 35%, bamboo carbon fiber consumption is 11%, and remaining raw material is all real with the present invention with raw material dosage and preparation condition Execute example 2 identical.
Comparative example 5
In this comparative example raw material as different from Example 2, the consumption of bamboo carbon fiber is 9%, milk protein fiber Consumption is 6%, and remaining raw material is all identical with the embodiment of the present invention 2 with raw material dosage and preparation condition.
Comparative example 6
In this comparative example raw material as different from Example 1, the consumption of bamboo carbon fiber is 22%, and chinlon consumption is 19%, remaining raw material is all identical with the embodiment of the present invention 1 with raw material dosage and preparation condition.
Being measured the performance of embodiment of the present invention 1-5 and the textile of comparative example 1-6, its index is respectively For:
The performance indications of the textile of embodiment 1-5 are as follows:
Biocidal property: staphylococcus aureus bacteriostasis rate % 99.7-99.99%
Pneumonia gram mould Bai Shi bacteriostasis rate % 99-99.99%
Aromatic washable number of times 88-95 time
And the performance indications of the textile of comparative example 1-6 are as follows:
Biocidal property: staphylococcus aureus bacteriostasis rate % is 85-90%
Pneumonia gram mould Bai Shi bacteriostasis rate % is 80-88%
The washable number of times of aromatic is 50-70 time
As can be seen here, the present invention is by utilizing the natural marine high polymer of the wool fiber of 15-20%, 36-50% The chinlon of chitosan fiber 1-8% milk protein fiber, 10-20% bamboo carbon fiber and 12-20% carries out blending system Becoming textile material, described textile material can reach 99.7-99.99% to the bacteriostasis rate of staphylococcus aureus, The bacteriostasis rate of white Salmonella mould to pneumonia gram can reach 99-99.99%, and washable number of times is 88-95 time, and has Having the bursting strength of 490~580N, Washing reaches 5 grades.And when a certain or two or more raw materials Consumption too much or very few time (comparative example 1-6), the bacteriostasis rate of the textile material made is below 90%, resistance to Wash number of times to be also only 50-70 time, and its bursting strength is relatively low.
Additionally, utilize the good hand touch of the textile material that the present invention prepares, comfortable and easy to wear, it is suitable for system Make the textiles such as shirt, underwear, nightwear, medicated cap, glove, gym suit and bedding.
Applicant states, the present invention illustrates the method detailed of the present invention by above-described embodiment, but the present invention It is not limited to above-mentioned method detailed, does not i.e. mean that the present invention has to rely on above-mentioned method detailed and could implement. Person of ordinary skill in the field is it will be clearly understood that any improvement in the present invention, each former to product of the present invention The equivalence of material is replaced and the interpolation of auxiliary element, concrete way choice etc., all falls within the protection model of the present invention Within the scope of enclosing and disclosing.

Claims (5)

1. a textile material, it is characterised in that described textile material mainly includes yarn, described yarn bag Include the percentage by weight mutual twisted of following component to form:
Textile material the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described natural marine high polymer first The fiber number of shell amine fiber is 0.8-3 denier, and strength is 0.8-3g/ denier.
The preparation method of textile material the most according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that described side Method comprises the following steps:
Wool fiber and natural marine high polymer chitosan fiber, bamboo carbon fiber and milk protein fiber are entered Row blending, then by itself and chinlon blending, obtains described textile material.
Preparation method the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that described blending includes cotton cleaning process, The condition of described cotton cleaning process is: steamed roll quantitative 400~500g/m, fixed length 32m~40m, kirschner beater 520r~550r/min, rolling roller 10~15r/min, carding step cylinder rotating speed 300~350r/min, Licker-in rotating speed 820~880r/min, operation use air splicer joint, groove drum adjustment of rotational speed be 1600~ 1800r/min。
5. according to the preparation method described in claim 4 or 5, it is characterised in that described to microcapsule arrangement Finishing agent contain the component that weight ratio is following:
CN201610463207.1A 2016-06-23 2016-06-23 Textile material and preparation method thereof Pending CN105908308A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105908308A true CN105908308A (en) 2016-08-31

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106521737A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-03-22 无锡市长安曙光手套厂 Textile material and preparation method thereof
CN107119364A (en) * 2017-06-28 2017-09-01 顾秋军 A kind of textile material and preparation method thereof
CN107237017A (en) * 2017-06-26 2017-10-10 俞秀英 A kind of textile material and preparation method thereof

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105088460A (en) * 2015-09-17 2015-11-25 无锡市长安曙光手套厂 Textile material and preparation method thereof
CN105239234A (en) * 2015-11-14 2016-01-13 华文蔚 Textile material and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105088460A (en) * 2015-09-17 2015-11-25 无锡市长安曙光手套厂 Textile material and preparation method thereof
CN105239234A (en) * 2015-11-14 2016-01-13 华文蔚 Textile material and preparation method thereof

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106521737A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-03-22 无锡市长安曙光手套厂 Textile material and preparation method thereof
CN107237017A (en) * 2017-06-26 2017-10-10 俞秀英 A kind of textile material and preparation method thereof
CN107119364A (en) * 2017-06-28 2017-09-01 顾秋军 A kind of textile material and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20160831

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