CN105239234A - Textile material and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Textile material and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105239234A
CN105239234A CN201510782515.6A CN201510782515A CN105239234A CN 105239234 A CN105239234 A CN 105239234A CN 201510782515 A CN201510782515 A CN 201510782515A CN 105239234 A CN105239234 A CN 105239234A
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Prior art keywords
textile
dawn
fiber
blending
polymer chitosan
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CN201510782515.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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华文蔚
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华文蔚
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Priority to CN201510782515.6A priority Critical patent/CN105239234A/en
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Abstract

The invention provides a textile material and a preparation method thereof. The textile material is mainly prepared from the following raw materials in weight percent by blending: 5%-10% of wool fibers, 56%-70% of natural ocean high-polymer chitosan fibers, 10%-20% of milk protein fibers and 12%-15% of chinlon. According to the textile material, the antibacterial rate on staphylococcus aureus is 99.7%-99.99% and the antibacterial rate on Klebsiella pneumonia is 99%-99.99%; the number of times of washing is 80-90 and the burst strength is 470N-580N, and the washing color fastness reaches grade 5; and the textile material has good hand feeling, is comfortable to wear and is suitable for producing textiles including shirts, underwear, nightclothes, hats, gloves, sports wear, bedding articles and the like.

Description

A kind of textile material and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to textile material field, relate to a kind of textile material and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Along with socioeconomic fast development, people's quality of life improve constantly the transformation with concept of health, increasing people starts uphold nature and healthy lifestyles.Originally single and dull textiles can not adapt to the development in epoch and the needs of people, therefore in the urgent need to the multi-functional textile material of development of new and functional treatment technology, to meet the consumption requirement of modern.
Chitin fiber comes from marine organism material, a kind of natural macromolecular compound, nonpoisonous and tasteless, there are good biologically active, biological degradability, biocompatibility, for the exploitation of textile material, there is antibacterial, antipruritic, deodorization and good moisture absorption is ventilative, moisture-inhibiting function.Chitin fiber, so have antibacterial characteristics, can be understood as chitin fiber with positive charge, and bacterium, then with negative electrical charge, because positive and negative charge is attracting, has blocked the bioelectricity of bacterial cell, cell is lost activity and dead.
Milk protein fiber (abbreviation milk fibre) is by aqueous milk separation, and the milk protein of gained after anhydrating adds that milk slurries made by softener, then by wet spinning process and scientific disposal, is spun into milk filaments azelon.This fiber reaches 17 kinds more than containing each seed amino acid, wear next to the skin effect that profit flesh is supported skin, grown sliding skin, milk filaments also has natural lasting bacteria resistance function simultaneously, and milk filaments is higher than staple intensity, fabric outward appearance is smooth, vertical, slim and graceful, and dress is breathed freely, lead wet, refreshing body, endurable, washable.
It silk (TENCEL) is the brand name of global well-known Britain Lai Qianer fiber, is the natural artificial fibre that has drawn from, and it extract from the native cellulose wood pulp.Process for making: wood pulp ~ dissolving-filtration ~ spray silk ~ cleaning ~ oven dry-fiber, it silk has good brute force compared with cotton, elongation rate, having the features such as soft, the moisture absorption moisture-inhibiting pendency good springiness of natural fabric, dyeability are good also can biodegradation.
CN103147195A discloses a kind of textile material and manufacture method thereof, and by chitin fiber, milk protein fiber, silk fiber blendedly to form, the percentage by weight of blending is 10 ~ 40: 10 ~ 50: 40 ~ 60, at least containing aromatic on described blend fibre.Advantage of the present invention, by after above-mentioned three kinds of fiber blends, can give full play to the advantage of three, makes the function that product has bacteriostatic deodorizing simultaneously, profit flesh supports skin, moisture absorption soft comfortable.Simultaneously by the Final finishing containing aromatic microcapsules, fabric becomes the best carrier containing aromatic microcapsules, fabric is by microcapsule aromatic agent slowly-releasing, the functional treatment of fragrance can be implemented, strengthen the immunocompetence of human body, improve the living environment quality of people, to health, there is certain auxiliary therapeutic action.
But, need the textile material with higher bacteriostasis rate and washable antibiotic property in the art.
Summary of the invention
For the deficiencies in the prior art, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of textile material and preparation method thereof.
For reaching this object, the present invention by the following technical solutions:
On the one hand, the invention provides a kind of textile material, described textile material mainly comprises yarn, and described yarn comprises the mutual twisted of the following component of percentage by weight and forms:
In the present invention, the percentage by weight of the wool fibre and natural marine high polymer chitosan fiber composition with bacteriostasis is limited in 5-10% and 76-80% respectively, and make the textile material obtained have bacteriostasis antibiosis effect in conjunction with the polyamide fibre of 12-15%, moisten flesh simultaneously and support skin, comfortable and easy to wear, and there is good brute force, percentage elongation, has the features such as soft, moisture absorption moisture-inhibiting pendency good springiness, dyeability are good.
In the present invention, in the raw material of described textile material, the percentage by weight of wool fibre is 5-10%, such as 5%, 5.3%, 5.5%, 5.8%, 6%, 6.2%, 6.4%, 6.8%, 7%, 7.2%, 7.4%, 7.6%, 7.8%, 7.9%, 8%, 8.3%, 8.5%, 8.8%, 9%, 9.3%, 9.5% or 10%.
In the present invention, in the raw material of described textile material, the percentage by weight of natural marine high polymer chitosan fiber is 56-70%, such as 57%, 58%, 59%, 60%, 61%, 62%, 63%, 64%, 65%, 66%, 67%, 68%, 69% or 70%.
In the present invention, in the raw material of described textile material, the percentage by weight of milk protein fiber is 10-20%, such as 11%, 12%, 13%, 14%, 15%, 16%, 17%, 18%, 19% or 19.5%.
In the present invention, in the raw material of described textile material, the percentage by weight of polyamide fibre is 12-15%, such as 12%, 12.3%, 12.5%, 12.8%, 13%, 13.2%, 13.5%, 13.8% or 14%.
In textile material of the present invention, the fiber number of described natural marine high polymer chitosan fiber is the 0.8-3 dawn, such as 0.8 dawn, 1 dawn, 1.2 dawn, 1.4 dawn, 1.6 dawn, 1.8 dawn, 2 dawn, 2.3 dawn, 2.5 dawn, 2.8 dawn or 3 dawn, brute force is the 0.8-3g/ dawn, such as 0.8g/ dawn, 1g/ dawn, 1.2g/ dawn, 1,5g/ dawn, 1.8g/ dawn, 2g/ dawn, 2.3g/ dawn, 2.5g/ dawn, 2.8g/ dawn or 3g/ dawn.
The preparation method of textile material of the present invention, said method comprising the steps of:
Wool fibre and natural marine high polymer chitosan fiber are carried out blending, then by itself and polyamide fibre blending, obtains described textile material.
The method of the invention comprises cotton cleaning process, the condition of described cotton cleaning process is: the quantitative 400 ~ 500g/m of steamed twisted roll, fixed length 32m ~ 40m, kirschner beater 520r ~ 550r/min, rolling roller 10 ~ 15r/min, carding step cylinder rotating speed 300 ~ 350r/min, licker-in rotating speed 820 ~ 880r/min, operation adopts air splicer joint, and groove drum adjustment of rotational speed is 1600 ~ 1800r/min.
In the preparation method of textile material of the present invention, the described finishing agent to microcapsules arrangement contains the following component of weight ratio:
Relative to prior art, the present invention has following beneficial effect:
The present invention is by utilizing the wool fibre of 5-10%, the natural marine high polymer chitosan fiber of 76-80% and the polyamide fibre of 12-15% carry out blending and make textile material, described textile material can reach 99.5-99.99% to the bacteriostasis rate of staphylococcus aureus, 99-99.99% can be reached to the bacteriostasis rate of pneumonia gram mould white Salmonella, washable number of times is 80-85 time, and there is the bursting strength of 480 ~ 560N, Washing reaches 5 grades, and good hand touch, comfortable and easy to wear, be suitable for manufacturing shirt, underwear, nightwear, cap, gloves, the textiles such as sportswear and bedding.
Detailed description of the invention
Technical scheme of the present invention is further illustrated below by detailed description of the invention.Those skilled in the art should understand, described embodiment is only help to understand the present invention, should not be considered as concrete restriction of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
In the present embodiment, textile material is prepared by the raw material blending that percentage by weight is following:
Preparation process is as follows:
Wool fibre and natural marine high polymer chitosan fiber are carried out blending, then by itself and polyamide fibre blending, obtains described textile material.
Wherein said blended weave:
1, wool fibre, the mixing → opening picking of natural marine high polymer chitosan fiber → are by a certain percentage made volume → carding machine and are mixed and made into bar;
2, polyamide fibre → opening picking is made volume → comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning and is made bar → bar and roll into → make bar;
3, wool fibre, natural marine high polymer chitosan fiber, polyamide fibre → give drawing frame → drawing frame → Speed frames → fine spining machine → bobbin winder → finished product yarn ~ inspection warehouse-in.
The process conditions of the cotton cleaning process in wherein said blended weave are:
Quantitative 400 ~ the 500g/m of steamed twisted roll, fixed length 32m ~ 40m, kirschner beater 520r ~ 550r/min, rolling roller 10 ~ 15r/min, carding step cylinder rotating speed 300 ~ 350r/min, licker-in rotating speed 820 ~ 880r/min, operation adopts air splicer joint, and groove drum adjustment of rotational speed is 1600 ~ 1800r/min.
Wool fibre, natural marine high polymer chitosan fiber, polyamide fibre blended yarn index are as follows: single wire fracture intensity is 12 ~ 15CN/tex; Filament strength coefficient of variation CV% is 10 ~ 14.5; Strip dry uniformity variant coefficient CV% is 13 ~ 18; Deviation of weight is < 2.1%.
In micro capsule technology, the formula of finishing agent is as follows:
Microcapsules finishing technique technology:
Microcapsules (aromatic inclusion compound) reparation technology:
It is 2 ~ 10 μm by carrying out mixing → stir → temperature 30 ~ 40 DEG C (time is 2 ~ 3 hours) → filter → wash → dry → microcapsules (aromatic inclusion compound) particle footpath with the beta-schardinger dextrin-produced and aromatic.
Embodiment 2
As different from Example 1, the composition of raw materials of textile material is as follows for the present embodiment:
In addition, all the other conditions and step are all identical with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 3
As different from Example 1, the composition of raw materials of textile material is as follows for the present embodiment:
In addition, all the other conditions and step are all identical with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 4
As different from Example 1, the composition of raw materials of textile material is as follows for the present embodiment:
In addition, all the other conditions and step are all identical with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 5
As different from Example 1, the composition of raw materials of textile material is as follows for the present embodiment:
In addition, all the other conditions and step are all identical with embodiment 1.
Comparative example 1
This comparative example adopts following component formula:
All the other preparation conditions are all identical with the embodiment of the present invention 1 with step.
Comparative example 2
This comparative example adopts following component formula:
All the other preparation conditions are all identical with the embodiment of the present invention 2 with step.
Comparative example 3
This comparative example adopts following component formula:
All the other preparation conditions are all identical with the embodiment of the present invention 2 with step.
Comparative example 4
This comparative example adopts following component formula:
All the other preparation conditions are all identical with the embodiment of the present invention 1 with step.
Comparative example 5
This comparative example adopts following component formula:
All the other preparation conditions are all identical with the embodiment of the present invention 1 with step.
Comparative example 6
This comparative example adopts following component formula:
All the other preparation conditions are all identical with the embodiment of the present invention 1 with step.
Measure the performance of the textiles of embodiment of the present invention 1-5 and comparative example 1-6, its index is respectively:
The performance indications of the textiles of embodiment 1-5 are as follows:
Biocidal property: staphylococcus aureus bacteriostasis rate %99.7-99.99%
Pneumonia gram mould Bai Shi bacteriostasis rate %99-99.99%
Aromatic washable number of times 80-90 time
And the performance indications of the textiles of comparative example 1-6 are as follows:
Biocidal property: staphylococcus aureus bacteriostasis rate % is 85-90%
A pneumonia gram mould Bai Shi bacteriostasis rate % is 80-88%
The washable number of times of aromatic is 50-65 time
As can be seen here, the present invention utilizes the polyamide fibre of the natural marine high polymer chitosan fiber of the wool fibre of 5-10%, 56-70%, 10-20% milk protein fiber and 12-15% to carry out blending and makes textile material, described textile material can reach 99.7-99.99% to the bacteriostasis rate of staphylococcus aureus, 99-99.99% can be reached to the bacteriostasis rate of pneumonia gram mould white Salmonella, washable number of times is more than 80 times, and have the bursting strength of 470 ~ 580N, Washing reaches 5 grades.And when the consumption of a certain or two or more raw material too much or very few time (comparative example 1-6), the bacteriostasis rate of the textile material made is below 90%, and washable number of times is also only 50-65 time, and its bursting strength is lower.
In addition, the good hand touch of the textile material utilizing the present invention to prepare, comfortable and easy to wear, be suitable for manufacturing the textiless such as shirt, underwear, nightwear, cap, gloves, sportswear and bedding.
Applicant states, the present invention illustrates method detailed of the present invention by above-described embodiment, but the present invention is not limited to above-mentioned method detailed, does not namely mean that the present invention must rely on above-mentioned method detailed and could implement.Person of ordinary skill in the field should understand, any improvement in the present invention, to equivalence replacement and the interpolation of auxiliary element, the concrete way choice etc. of each raw material of product of the present invention, all drops within protection scope of the present invention and open scope.

Claims (5)

1. a textile material, is characterized in that, described textile material mainly comprises yarn, and described yarn comprises the mutual twisted of the following component of percentage by weight and forms:
2. textile material according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the fiber number of described natural marine high polymer chitosan fiber is the 0.8-3 dawn, and brute force is the 0.8-3g/ dawn.
3. the preparation method of textile material according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, said method comprising the steps of:
Wool fibre and natural marine high polymer chitosan fiber and milk protein fiber are carried out blending, then by itself and polyamide fibre blending, obtains described textile material.
4. preparation method according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, described blending comprises cotton cleaning process, and the condition of described cotton cleaning process is: the quantitative 400 ~ 500g/m of steamed twisted roll, fixed length 32m ~ 40m, kirschner beater 520r ~ 550r/min, rolling roller 10 ~ 15r/min, carding step cylinder rotating speed 300 ~ 350r/min, licker-in rotating speed 820 ~ 880r/min, operation adopts air splicer joint, and groove drum adjustment of rotational speed is 1600 ~ 1800r/min.
5. the preparation method according to claim 4 or 5, is characterized in that, the described finishing agent to microcapsules arrangement contains the following component of weight ratio:
CN201510782515.6A 2015-11-14 2015-11-14 Textile material and preparation method thereof Pending CN105239234A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105780233A (en) * 2016-05-05 2016-07-20 无锡市长安曙光手套厂 Textile material and manufacture method thereof
CN105908308A (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-08-31 无锡市金五星针纺有限公司 Textile material and preparation method thereof
CN105908307A (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-08-31 无锡市金五星针纺有限公司 Textile material and preparation method thereof
CN106521737A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-03-22 无锡市长安曙光手套厂 Textile material and preparation method thereof
CN107119364A (en) * 2017-06-28 2017-09-01 顾秋军 A kind of textile material and preparation method thereof
CN107237017A (en) * 2017-06-26 2017-10-10 俞秀英 A kind of textile material and preparation method thereof

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102154751A (en) * 2011-06-18 2011-08-17 江苏联宏纺织有限公司 Yarn
CN102418184A (en) * 2011-09-30 2012-04-18 江苏博欧伦家纺有限公司 Textile material
CN102517740A (en) * 2011-09-30 2012-06-27 江苏红运果服饰有限公司 Antibacterial rabbit hair textile material
CN103147195A (en) * 2011-10-11 2013-06-12 青岛同盈家纺有限公司 Skincare aromatic textile material and manufacturing method thereof
CN104562348A (en) * 2015-01-23 2015-04-29 南通市苏中纺织有限公司 Blended yarns of natural colored cotton, milk protein fibers and chitin fibers

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102154751A (en) * 2011-06-18 2011-08-17 江苏联宏纺织有限公司 Yarn
CN102418184A (en) * 2011-09-30 2012-04-18 江苏博欧伦家纺有限公司 Textile material
CN102517740A (en) * 2011-09-30 2012-06-27 江苏红运果服饰有限公司 Antibacterial rabbit hair textile material
CN103147195A (en) * 2011-10-11 2013-06-12 青岛同盈家纺有限公司 Skincare aromatic textile material and manufacturing method thereof
CN104562348A (en) * 2015-01-23 2015-04-29 南通市苏中纺织有限公司 Blended yarns of natural colored cotton, milk protein fibers and chitin fibers

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105780233A (en) * 2016-05-05 2016-07-20 无锡市长安曙光手套厂 Textile material and manufacture method thereof
CN105908308A (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-08-31 无锡市金五星针纺有限公司 Textile material and preparation method thereof
CN105908307A (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-08-31 无锡市金五星针纺有限公司 Textile material and preparation method thereof
CN106521737A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-03-22 无锡市长安曙光手套厂 Textile material and preparation method thereof
CN107237017A (en) * 2017-06-26 2017-10-10 俞秀英 A kind of textile material and preparation method thereof
CN107119364A (en) * 2017-06-28 2017-09-01 顾秋军 A kind of textile material and preparation method thereof

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