CN105905294B - VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane - Google Patents

VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105905294B
CN105905294B CN201610259171.5A CN201610259171A CN105905294B CN 105905294 B CN105905294 B CN 105905294B CN 201610259171 A CN201610259171 A CN 201610259171A CN 105905294 B CN105905294 B CN 105905294B
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China
Prior art keywords
wing
rotor
fuselage
slide plate
unmanned plane
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CN105905294A (en
Inventor
王鹏
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Yao Shuo Information Technology Co., Ltd of BeiJing ZhongKe
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Yao Shuo Information Technology Co Ltd Of Beijing Zhongke
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B64AIRCRAFT; AVIATION; COSMONAUTICS
    • B64CAEROPLANES; HELICOPTERS
    • B64C27/00Rotorcraft; Rotors peculiar thereto
    • B64C27/22Compound rotorcraft, i.e. aircraft using in flight the features of both aeroplane and rotorcraft
    • B64C27/26Compound rotorcraft, i.e. aircraft using in flight the features of both aeroplane and rotorcraft characterised by provision of fixed wings
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B64AIRCRAFT; AVIATION; COSMONAUTICS
    • B64CAEROPLANES; HELICOPTERS
    • B64C29/00Aircraft capable of landing or taking-off vertically
    • B64C29/02Aircraft capable of landing or taking-off vertically having its flight directional axis vertical when grounded

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane, including fuselage, is equipped with wing in the both sides of fuselage, folding fuselage rotor is equipped with fuselage;Fuselage slide plate is equipped with the both sides of fuselage rotor;Multiple folding wing rotors are equipped with wing, the top of wing rotor is equipped with retractable wing skate apparatus.Structure more than, has following beneficial effect:Using forward driving and the combination of fuselage rotor and wing rotor, the switching being easy to implement between VTOL and fixed-wing flight.Thus the unmanned plane of structure, easy to perform task when, hover at any time, so as to camera energy fixed point observation, while take off landing when without runway and ejection device.Using the combination of fuselage rotor and wing rotor, easy to control the balance of whole body.Using concealed fuselage rotor and wing rotor, make not interfere between VTOL pattern and fixed-wing offline mode, no need to increase the volume of wing.Air fluid lifting efficiency is high.

Description

VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane
Technical field
The present invention relates to unmanned plane field, especially a kind of VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane.
Background technology
The fixed wing aircraft of VTOL, this kind of aircraft have the function of similar to helicopter, it is not necessary to by runway just Energy vertical and landing takeoff, unlike, this kind of aircraft can vert flat winged acceleration simultaneously from floating state by power in the air It is transitioned into the offline mode of fixed-wing.For unmanned plane, the fixed-wing scheme of VTOL can drop to unmanned plane Precalculated position, complete setting task after, automatic takeoff return, make VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane have it is unrivaled from Dynamic control advantage.
At present, practical VTOL fixed wing aircraft is mainly AV-8 sparrow hawk formulas fighter plane, V-22 osprey tilting rotors Aircraft, F-35 opportunities of combat.AV-8 sparrow hawk formula opportunities of combat employ exhaust using flying horse engine on the basis of jet engine The rotatable thrust vectoring scheme of jet pipe, in actual use, often there is integrity problem in this type aircraft, also referred to as " few Woman's aircraft ".V-22 osprey formula tiltrotors are a the verting by American Bell Incorporated and Boeing's co-design manufacture Gyroplane, and a medium transport aircraft.It realizes that rotor exists by two lifting airscrews of tilting wing both ends wing tip Conversion between vertically and horizontally, so that more ideally the characteristics of helicopter and fixed wing aircraft combine together.Hanging down Under straight landing state, two rotor thrust directions utilize the attitude stabilization of auto-bank unit holding body longitudinal direction perpendicular to ground. V-22 ospreys had not only had the ability of pure helicopter VTOL and hovering, but also the high speed with turboprop aircraft The ability of cruising flight, is a kind of dual-use new high-tech product.At present, it is mainly used for military requirement, and can assign Battleficld command official more selects and greater flexibility.Special airport and runway, easy to maintenance, viability is not required in it By force, especially suitable for carrying out special operations, military personnel's delivery is greatly improved, is deployed troops on garrison duty, hostile takedown, the action such as disaster relief Speed.
However, since V-22 ospreys employ two lifting airscrews, under VTOL pattern, rotor needs automatic Inclinator controls the stabilization of attitude of flight vehicle, adds the difficulty of control, and blade uses feathering device, also increases Cost;And osprey, under VTOL pattern, rotor slip-stream front is blown on aerofoil surface, causes very big pressure drag Loss, and force wing to increase structural strength, and then cause the increase of Flight Vehicle Structure weight, reduce the performance of aircraft.
105083550 A of Chinese patent literature CN disclose a kind of VTOL Fixed Wing AirVehicle, including fuselage, tail The wing and the power set with inclining rotary mechanism, the power set with inclining rotary mechanism include fixedpiston propeller, start Machine, enging cabin, slip-stream rudder, wing, tilting wing and steering engine, engine are installed in enging cabin, fixedpiston propeller With the output axis connection of engine, tilting wing one end is fixedly connected on enging cabin, and the other end is rotatablely connected with machine On the wing, slip-stream rudder is movably connected on tilting wing, slip-stream rudder described in servo driving, the power set with inclining rotary mechanism Fuselage both sides are symmetrically disposed on, and are horizontally disposed with for wing, the fuselage head is equipped with through hole, and ducted fan is set in through hole.This Invention aircraft rotor and the size of aircraft are smaller, and save the auto-bank unit and feathering device of complexity, structure letter It is single, the difficulty of trim and the complexity of flight control system are reduced, system reliability is high, cost is low.
But for unmanned plane, the structure is still excessively complicated, and to reach the rigidity with practicality, for structure Precision and material stiffness requirement are excessive, and holistic cost is higher, and organism balance is difficult to control.
In the prior art, also there is a scheme being embedded in rotor in wing, in the program, very large machine is equipped with body The wing, wing are equipped with the through hole of up/down perforation, and rotor is arranged in through hole, and program rotor occupied space is big, the air of wing Fluid lift efficiency is undesirable, and body is also more heavy.
The content of the invention
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are to provide a kind of VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane, and it is easy to have VTOL concurrently In the remote operation the advantages of and the characteristics of fixed-wing is easy to high speed cruise flight, and have the advantages of simple structure and easy realization, easy to control The balance of fuselage.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is:A kind of VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane, Including fuselage, wing is equipped with the both sides of fuselage, the driving that moves ahead is equipped with body, folding fuselage is equipped with fuselage and is revolved The wing;Fuselage slide plate is equipped with the both sides of fuselage rotor;
Multiple folding wing rotors are equipped with wing, the top of wing rotor is equipped with retractable wing slide plate and fills Put.
The fuselage rotor and the structure of wing rotor are:
Rotary blade is pivotally connected by axis pin with rotor seat, and the output shaft of rotor seat and rotor motor is fixed Connection.
Upon deployment, the movement locus of the rotary blade of fuselage rotor extends to the side wall of fuselage both sides to the fuselage rotor Outside.
The structure of fuselage slide plate is that slide plate is movably arranged on the side wall of fuselage both sides, and can be along fuselage both sides side wall Slide, slide plate inner wall is installed with rack, and fuselage sled motor is connected by fuselage slide plate transmission mechanism with rack.
1 ~ 4 wing rotor is equipped with every side wing, wing rotor is arranged in rotor storehouse, and the upside in rotor storehouse is with before Side opens, and bottom side, the left and right sides and rear side closing, wing rotor are installed in the bottom wall in rotor storehouse.
When wing rotor is unfolded, the movement locus of the rotary blade of wing rotor is extended to outside the front side of rotor storehouse.
The wing skate apparatus includes the opposite wing front slide and wing tail skid slided;
The both sides of wing front slide positioned at being installed in the wing operating slide guideway rail of rotor storehouse side wall, wing front slide one end with Wing slide plate preliminary roller connects, and wing slide plate preliminary roller is connected with driving device, and the other end of wing front slide is taken equipped with wing slide plate Socket part;
The both sides of wing tail skid, which are located at, to be installed in the wing operating slide guideway rail of rotor storehouse side wall, wing tail skid and wing Slide plate back roller connects, and wing slide plate back roller is connected with driving device.
The preceding wind spring for driving wing front slide to be closed is equipped with wing slide plate preliminary roller;
The rear wind spring for driving wing tail skid to be closed is equipped with wing slide plate back roller.
2 fuselage rotors are equipped with every side wing, wing left skateboard is equipped with the left rack of wing slide plate, and wing slide plate is left Rack is connected with wing slide plate Left Drive mechanism;
The right slide plate of wing is equipped with the right rack of wing slide plate, and the right rack of wing slide plate connects with the right transmission mechanism of wing slide plate Connect;
Wing slide plate Left Drive mechanism and the right transmission mechanism of wing slide plate are connected with driving motor.
Multiple louvre blades are equipped with the bottom in rotor storehouse, multiple louvre blades are arranged along rotor orlop wall anteroposterior direction, institute In the louvre blade stated, blade is connected by blinds axis pin with rotor storehouse, and the rear portion of blade is equipped with blade clinch.
A kind of VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane provided by the invention, the structure more than, has with following Beneficial effect:
1st, using forward driving and the combination of fuselage rotor and wing rotor, it is easy to implement VTOL and flies with fixed-wing Between switching, obtain the convenience of VTOL and the flying speed of fixed-wing.Thus the unmanned plane of structure, appoints easy to perform Hover during business, so as to camera energy fixed point observation, while take off when landing without runway and ejection device at any time.
2nd, using the combination of fuselage rotor and wing rotor, easy to control the balance of whole body.
3rd, using concealed fuselage rotor and wing rotor, make not having between VTOL pattern and fixed-wing offline mode There is interference, no need to increase the volume of wing.Air fluid lifting efficiency is high.
4th, terminal with compact integral structure, it is easy to accomplish and manufacture, easy to control, production cost can be reduced.
Brief description of the drawings
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples:
Dimensional structure diagram when Fig. 1 is the VTOL state in the present invention.
Dimensional structure diagram when Fig. 2 is the fixed-wing state of flight in the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the overlooking the structure diagram of middle fuselage slide plate of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the overlooking the structure diagram of middle fuselage rotor of the present invention and wing rotor.
Fig. 5 is the structure diagram of wing skate apparatus in the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the close-up schematic view at A in Fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is the partial structural diagram of wing skate apparatus in the present invention.
Another dimensional structure diagram when Fig. 8 is fixed-wing state of flight in the present invention.
Fig. 9 is another structure diagram of wing skate apparatus in the present invention.
Figure 10 is another partial structural diagram of wing skate apparatus in the present invention.
In figure:Body 1, fuselage 2, fuselage rotor 3, fuselage slide plate 4, slide plate 41, rack 42, fuselage sled motor 43, machine Body slide plate transmission mechanism 44, wing 5, rotor storehouse 6, louvre blade 7, blinds axis pin 71, blade 72, blade clinch 73, wing rotation The wing 8, rotary blade 81, axis pin 82, rotor seat 83, rotor motor 84, wing skate apparatus 9, wing front slide 901 are sliding after wing Plate 902, wing operating slide guideway rail 903, wing slide plate preliminary roller 904, wing slide plate back roller 905, preceding wind spring 906, rear wind spring 907, point Disconnected place 908, wing slide plate clinch 909, wing left skateboard 910, the right slide plate 911 of wing, the left rack 912 of wing slide plate, wing The right rack 913 of slide plate, wing slide plate Left Drive mechanism 914, the right transmission mechanism 915 of wing slide plate, preceding rotor 10.
Embodiment
In the present invention, illustrated with the orientation of body 1, i.e., by taking Fig. 1 as an example, the head of body 1 is front, after afterbody is Side, 1 top of body is top.Attached drawing in the present invention is schematic diagram, in order to facilitate observation of, eliminates part supplementary structure, only Prominent part-structure related to the present invention, is structure commonly used in the prior art for especially dated part-structure.
In Fig. 1,2, a kind of VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane, including fuselage 2, wing 5 is equipped with the both sides of fuselage 2, It is equipped with to move ahead on body 1 and drives, the forward driving described in this example, the i.e. device due to whole 1 flight forward of body of driving, Including rotor 10 before as shown in Figure 1, either below wing or the rotor in front or arranged on turbine hair below wing Motivation.
Folding fuselage rotor 3 is equipped with fuselage 2;Fuselage slide plate 4 is equipped with the both sides of fuselage rotor 3;
Multiple folding wing rotors 8 are equipped with wing 5, the top of wing rotor 8 is equipped with retractable wing and slides Panel assembly 9.By the combination of fuselage rotor 3 and wing rotor 8, whole body 1 is set to obtain the lifting force of vertical lift, and when completion After being vertically moved up or down predetermined altitude, start the driving that moves ahead, then pack up fuselage rotor 3 and wing rotor 8,4 He of fuselage slide plate Wing skate apparatus 9 is closed, that is, completes the conversion flying from vertical lift to fixed-wing.During landing, fuselage slide plate 4 is opened With wing skate apparatus 9, start fuselage rotor 3 and wing rotor 8, realize vertical landing.
In preferable scheme such as Fig. 4, the structure of the fuselage rotor 3 and wing rotor 8 is:
Rotary blade 81 is pivotally connected by axis pin 82 with rotor seat 83, rotor seat 83 and rotor motor 84 Output shaft is fixedly connected.When rotor motor 84 starts, rotary blade 81 opens under the influence of centrifugal force, and obtains lifting force, When rotor motor 84 stops, rotary blade 81 folds under the action of the forces of the wind, consequently facilitating taking in into fuselage 2 and wing 5 In rotor storehouse 6.Thus structure reduces the space requirement of fuselage rotor 3 and wing rotor 8.
In preferable scheme such as Fig. 1, the fuselage rotor 3 upon deployment, the movement rail of the rotary blade 81 of fuselage rotor 3 Mark is extended to outside the side wall of 2 both sides of fuselage.Thus structure, makes fuselage rotor 3 obtain enough lifting forces, and required space Less.
In preferable scheme such as Fig. 3, the structure of fuselage slide plate 4 is that slide plate 41 is movably arranged on 2 both sides side wall of fuselage, And rack 42 can be installed with along 2 both sides side walls of fuselage, 41 inner wall of slide plate, fuselage sled motor 43 passes through fuselage slide plate Transmission mechanism 44 is connected with rack 42.Fuselage slide plate transmission mechanism 44 in this example is preferably retarder and gear, is specially machine Body sled motor 43 is connected with retarder, and the output shaft of retarder is fixedly connected with gear, and the engagement connection of wheel and rack 42, leads to The rotating of control fuselage sled motor 43 is crossed, the folding of slide plate 41 is controlled, by the folding of slide plate 41, makes the rotation of fuselage rotor 3 Fin 81 is easy to be stretched over outside the side wall of fuselage 2, so as to obtain enough lifting forces.
In preferable scheme such as Fig. 1 ~ 2,1 ~ 4 wing rotor 8 is equipped with every side wing 5, is every side wing 5 in this example 2 wing rotors 8 of interior setting, wing rotor 8 are arranged in rotor storehouse 6, and the upside in rotor storehouse 6 and front side open, bottom side, left and right Both sides and rear side closing, wing rotor 8 are installed in the bottom wall in rotor storehouse 6.The rotor motor 84 of specific wing rotor 8 fixes peace Bottom wall mounted in rotor storehouse 6 is close to the position of front side, so when rotor motor 84 drives rotary blade 81 to be unfolded because of rotation, machine The movement locus of the rotary blade 81 of wing rotor 8 is extended to outside the front side of rotor storehouse 6.Thus structure, obtains larger lifting force, and Take less space, without by wing design into bulky structure.
In optional scheme such as Fig. 5,7, the wing skate apparatus 9 includes opposite 901 He of wing front slide slided Wing tail skid 902;
Positioned at being installed in the wing operating slide guideway rail 903 of 6 side wall of rotor storehouse, wing is advancing slip for the both sides of wing front slide 901 901 one end of plate is connected with wing slide plate preliminary roller 904, and wing slide plate preliminary roller 904 is connected with driving device, further preferred scheme In Fig. 7, wing slide plate clinch 909 is equipped with the other end of wing front slide 901;
Slided positioned at being installed in the wing operating slide guideway rail 903 of 6 side wall of rotor storehouse after wing the both sides of wing tail skid 902 Plate 902 is connected with wing slide plate back roller 905, and wing slide plate back roller 905 is connected with driving device, and the driving device in this example is electricity Machine and transmission mechanism, motor are connected with transmission mechanism, and transmission mechanism is connected with wing slide plate back roller 905, after driving machine wing slip plate Roller 905 rotates.The type of drive of wing slide plate preliminary roller 904 is identical.Thus structure, after wing slide plate preliminary roller 904 and wing slide plate Roller 905 drives wing front slide 901 and 902 folding of wing tail skid, and 908 is combined at disjunction.908 selection wing at disjunction The position that cross section curve changes greatly.In this example, the length of wing tail skid 902 is more than the length of wing front slide 901, so as to In the mechanical strength of control wing tail skid 902 and wing front slide 901.In this example, wing tail skid 902 and wing front slide 901 using with flexible material, such as almag plate, titanium alloy sheet or nylon and titanium alloy composite panel.Due to wing The both sides of tail skid 902 and wing front slide 901 are supported by wing operating slide guideway rail 903, therefore have enough intensity, according to need Will, it can also be set in the bottom surface of wing tail skid 902 and wing front slide 901 along wing slide plate preliminary roller 904 and wing slide plate The reinforcing muscle of 905 axis of back roller.
The wing slide plate clinch 909 of setting is the stage bent upward, before making wing tail skid 902 and wing Overlap joint between slide plate 901 is more reliable, while also enhances the intensity of wing front slide 901.
The preceding wind spring 906 for driving wing front slide 901 to be closed is equipped with wing slide plate preliminary roller 904;
The rear wind spring 907 for driving wing tail skid 902 to be closed is equipped with wing slide plate back roller 905.Thus structure, can Quickly from vertical lift State Transferring to fixed-wing state of flight, shorten conversion time, improve the security of body 1.
In another optional structure such as Fig. 8 ~ 9,2 fuselage rotors 3 are equipped with every side wing 5, on wing left skateboard 910 Equipped with the left rack 912 of wing slide plate, the left rack 912 of wing slide plate is connected with wing slide plate Left Drive mechanism 914;
The right slide plate 911 of wing is equipped with the right rack 913 of wing slide plate, the right rack 913 of wing slide plate and the right biography of wing slide plate Motivation structure 915 connects;
Wing slide plate Left Drive mechanism 914 and the right transmission mechanism 915 of wing slide plate are connected with driving motor.Thus structure, In a manner of horizontally slipping, the upside and front side in rotor storehouse 6 are opened.Suitable for the unmanned plane of 5 space enlarged relative of wing.Due to machine Thickness of the wing 5 from wing root to wing tip is gradually thinning, therefore wing left skateboard 910 is opening rotor storehouse 6 with the right slide plate 911 of wing , can be by the arrangement of stacked on top under state.
In further preferred structure such as Figure 10, by by the left rack 912 of wing slide plate it is vertical be arranged on the left cunning of wing The end of plate 910, the vertical position for being positioned close to right 911 end of slide plate of wing of the right rack 913 of wing slide plate, wing slide plate The tooth of the left rack 913 right with wing slide plate of rack 912 is positioned opposite, thus structure, can drive wing at the same time by a gear Left skateboard 910 and the right slide plate 911 of wing act.
In preferable scheme such as Fig. 5,6, multiple louvre blades 7 are equipped with the bottom in rotor storehouse 6, multiple louvre blades 7 are along rotation 6 bottom wall anteroposterior direction of Wing Tank arranges that in the louvre blade 7, blade 72 is connected by blinds axis pin 71 with rotor storehouse 6, blade 72 rear portion is equipped with blade clinch 73, and blade clinch 73 is a stage portion bent downward, so that preceding blade 72 The end of posterior blade 72 is overlapped on, the structure of similar fish scale is formed, to reduce windage, and reinforced structure.Louvre blade 7 and hundred The link position of leaf axis pin 71 is located at position forward among louvre blade 7, so that by default, louvre blade 7, which is in, to be opened State.Thus structure, easy to make air be discharged at louvre blade 7 under vertical lift state, and flies when being transferred to fixed-wing During pattern, then overlap in the effect of wind-force, each louvre blade 7, there is provided lifting force.
In use, wing skate apparatus 9 and fuselage slide plate 4 are opened, fuselage rotor 3 and wing rotor 8 rotate, wing rotor 8 produce wind discharged from louvre blade 7, rise body 1, after leaving ground certain altitude, preceding rotor 10 starts, make body 1 to Preceding flight, gradually reduces the rotating speed of fuselage rotor 3 and wing rotor 8 until stopping, fuselage rotor 3 and wing rotor 8 are in wind-force Effect is lower to be folded, and closes wing skate apparatus 9 and fuselage slide plate 4, body 1 are transferred to fixed-wing state of flight.
During landing, wing skate apparatus 9 and fuselage slide plate 4 are opened, and fuselage rotor 3 and wing rotor 8 rotate, and are gradually reduced For the rotating speed of preceding rotor 10 until stopping, body 1 enters floating state, makes whole body 1 switch to be vertically moved up or down from fixed-wing flight State is until landing.
The above embodiments are only the preferred technical solution of the present invention, and are not construed as the limitation for the present invention, this Shen Please in embodiment and embodiment in feature in the case where there is no conflict, can mutually be combined.The protection model of the present invention Enclose the equivalent substitution side of technical characteristic in the technical solution that should be recorded with claim, including the technical solution of claim record Case is protection domain.Equivalent substitution i.e. within this range is improved, also within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane, including fuselage(2), in fuselage(2)Both sides be equipped with wing(5), in body (1)The driving that moves ahead is equipped with, it is characterized in that:In fuselage(2)It is interior to be equipped with folding fuselage rotor(3);In fuselage rotor(3)'s Both sides are equipped with fuselage slide plate(4);
In wing(5)It is interior to be equipped with multiple folding wing rotors(8), wing rotor(8)Top be equipped with retractable wing Skate apparatus(9);
The fuselage rotor(3)With wing rotor(8)Structure be:
Rotary blade(81)Pass through axis pin(82)With rotor seat(83)Pivotally connect, rotor seat(83)With rotor motor (84)Output shaft be fixedly connected;The fuselage rotor(3)Upon deployment, fuselage rotor(3)Rotary blade(81)Movement Track extends to fuselage(2)Outside the side wall of both sides;
In rotor storehouse(6)Bottom be equipped with multiple louvre blades(7), multiple louvre blades(7)Along rotor storehouse(6)Bottom wall anteroposterior direction Arrangement, the louvre blade(7)In, blade(72)Pass through blinds axis pin(71)With rotor storehouse(6)Connection, blade(72)Rear portion Equipped with blade clinch(73).
2. a kind of VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:Fuselage slide plate(4)Structure For slide plate(41)It is movably arranged on fuselage(2)On the side wall of both sides, and can be along fuselage(2)Both sides side walls, slide plate(41) Inner wall is installed with rack(42), fuselage sled motor(43)Pass through fuselage slide plate transmission mechanism(44)With rack(42)Connection.
3. a kind of VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:In every side wing(5)Inside set There is 1 ~ 4 wing rotor(8), wing rotor(8)It is arranged at rotor storehouse(6)It is interior, rotor storehouse(6)Upside and front side open, bottom Side, the left and right sides and rear side closing, wing rotor(8)It is installed in rotor storehouse(6)Bottom wall.
4. a kind of VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane according to claim 3, it is characterized in that:When wing rotor(8)Expansion When, wing rotor(8)Rotary blade(81)Movement locus extend to rotor storehouse(6)Outside front side.
5. a kind of VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane according to claim 3, it is characterized in that:The wing skate apparatus (9)Wing front slide including opposite slip(901)With wing tail skid(902);
Wing front slide(901)Both sides positioned at being installed in rotor storehouse(6)The wing operating slide guideway rail of side wall(903)It is interior, before wing Slide plate(901)One end and wing slide plate preliminary roller(904)Connection, wing slide plate preliminary roller(904)It is connected with driving device, wing is advancing slip Plate(901)The other end be equipped with wing slide plate clinch(909);
Wing tail skid(902)Both sides positioned at being installed in rotor storehouse(6)The wing operating slide guideway rail of side wall(903)It is interior, after wing Slide plate(902)With wing slide plate back roller(905)Connection, wing slide plate back roller(905)It is connected with driving device.
6. a kind of VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane according to claim 5, it is characterized in that:In wing slide plate preliminary roller (904)Interior be equipped with drives wing front slide(901)The preceding wind spring closed(906);
In wing slide plate back roller(905)Interior be equipped with drives wing tail skid(902)The rear wind spring closed(907).
7. a kind of VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:In every side wing(5)Inside set There are 2 fuselage rotors(3), wing left skateboard(910)It is equipped with the left rack of wing slide plate(912), the left rack of wing slide plate(912) With wing slide plate Left Drive mechanism(914)Connection;
The right slide plate of wing(911)It is equipped with the right rack of wing slide plate(913), the right rack of wing slide plate(913)It is right with wing slide plate Transmission mechanism(915)Connection;
Wing slide plate Left Drive mechanism(914)With the right transmission mechanism of wing slide plate(915)It is connected with driving motor.
CN201610259171.5A 2016-04-25 2016-04-25 VTOL fixed-wing unmanned plane Active CN105905294B (en)

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CN109720562A (en) * 2018-12-04 2019-05-07 北京空天技术研究所 Double dynamical reuse high-speed aircraft and its application method
CN110466752B (en) * 2019-08-07 2021-11-26 深圳市道通智能航空技术股份有限公司 Control method of tilt rotor unmanned aerial vehicle and tilt rotor unmanned aerial vehicle

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CN105501440A (en) * 2015-12-23 2016-04-20 徐洪恩 Unmanned aerial vehicle

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