CN105901817B - Motorcycle helmet - Google Patents

Motorcycle helmet Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105901817B
CN105901817B CN201610465344.9A CN201610465344A CN105901817B CN 105901817 B CN105901817 B CN 105901817B CN 201610465344 A CN201610465344 A CN 201610465344A CN 105901817 B CN105901817 B CN 105901817B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
ear
lock
limit
turns
shell
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Active
Application number
CN201610465344.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105901817A (en
Inventor
张玉莲
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Foshan Nanhai Xinyuan Helmets Co., Ltd.
Original Assignee
张玉莲
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Publication date
Application filed by 张玉莲 filed Critical 张玉莲
Priority to CN201610465344.9A priority Critical patent/CN105901817B/en
Publication of CN105901817A publication Critical patent/CN105901817A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105901817B publication Critical patent/CN105901817B/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A42HEADWEAR
    • A42BHATS; HEAD COVERINGS
    • A42B3/00Helmets; Helmet covers ; Other protective head coverings
    • A42B3/04Parts, details or accessories of helmets
    • A42B3/0406Accessories for helmets
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A42HEADWEAR
    • A42BHATS; HEAD COVERINGS
    • A42B3/00Helmets; Helmet covers ; Other protective head coverings
    • A42B3/04Parts, details or accessories of helmets
    • A42B3/18Face protection devices
    • A42B3/20Face guards, e.g. for ice hockey

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of motorcycle helmet.It includes helmet main body and mask, and the both sides of helmet main body are respectively equipped with a coupling mechanism, and the both sides of mask are respectively equipped with an ear, and each coupling mechanism includes:Housing, it includes inner side shell, middle case and outer shell, and middle case is installed in rotation on the shell of inner side, the slot for being available for ear to plug is formed between outer shell and middle case, a limit is formed between inner side shell and middle case and turns room;Lock ear mechanism, for lock insertion slot in ear with prevent ear extract slot;Button, for driver's Manual press, button couples with lock ear mechanism;Ejecting mechanism, makes the ear in insertion slot have the trend for exiting slot;Limit rotation mechanism so that middle case is just rotated under predetermined external force effect;Rotation mechanism is locked, allows middle case to rotate after ear's insertion slot, and prevents middle case from rotating after slot is extracted by ear.The present invention can realize fast assembling-disassembling mask, in order to use and deposit.

Description

Motorcycle helmet
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of motorcycle helmet for being used to protect the head of driver.
Background technology
Motorcycle driver must put on the helmet to protect its head.Existing motorcycle helmet, which is generally comprised, to be worn on the head Helmet main body and transparent mask, mask is installed in rotation in helmet main body by the linkwork of both sides, is being not required to Using can be pushed into, away from face, can be pushed into downwards to block face when needing to use mask upwards during mask.By mask come Prevent face and eye damage of the materials such as wind, rain, dirt to driver.
, it is necessary to be deposited to it when without using motorcycle helmet, if place it in it is outer easily stolen, therefore one As be deposited into the railway carriage below cushion.Because the space of railway carriage is limited, especially raincoat, water bottle, knapsack are being housed After articles for use, railway carriage it is remaining can parking space just become smaller.And mask and helmet main body are made because of both assembly relations Into very big space is taken, it is stored inconveniently in railway carriage.
The content of the invention
In order to overcome the problem of being stored inconveniently in the prior art, the embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of motorcycle helmet, bag Helmet main body and mask are included, the both sides of helmet main body are respectively equipped with a coupling mechanism, and the both sides of mask are respectively equipped with an ear, often Individual ear couples with a coupling mechanism respectively, and each coupling mechanism includes:Housing, it includes inner side shell, middle case and outer shell, interior Side shell and outer shell separate from the both sides of middle case, and inner side shell is fixedly mounted in helmet main body, and middle case is rotatably mounted On the shell of inner side, outer shell is fixedly mounted on middle case, is formed between outer shell and middle case and is available for inserting for ear's plug Groove, is formed with a limit and turns room between inner side shell and middle case;Lock ear mechanism, is installed in housing, for locking in insertion slot Ear with prevent ear extract slot;Button, is installed in housing, and for driver's Manual press, button joins with lock ear mechanism Connect, when button is pressed, the lock ear mechanism unclamps the ear in insertion slot to allow ear to extract slot;Ejecting mechanism, It is installed in housing, makes the ear in insertion slot that there is the trend for exiting slot;Rotation mechanism is limited, is installed in housing so that Middle case is just rotated under predetermined external force effect;Rotation mechanism is locked, is installed in housing, after ear's insertion slot in the middle of permission Shell is rotated, and prevents middle case from rotating after slot is extracted by ear.
Motorcycle helmet provided in an embodiment of the present invention can realize fast assembling-disassembling mask, in order to use and deposit, especially It is can to save space-consuming in storage.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 shows the schematic perspective view of motorcycle helmet;
Fig. 2, which is shown, separates mask the schematic perspective view after helmet body;
Fig. 3 shows the perspective exploded view of motorcycle helmet;
Fig. 4 shows the perspective exploded view of another angle of motorcycle helmet, wherein hiding helmet body and mask;
Fig. 5 shows that the schematic diagram after slot is extracted by ear, wherein hiding helmet body and outer shell;
Fig. 6 shows Fig. 1 A-A sectional views;
Fig. 7 shows Fig. 6 B-B sectional views;
Fig. 8 shows Fig. 6 C portions partial enlarged drawing;
Fig. 9 shows Fig. 6 D portions partial enlarged drawing;
Figure 10 shows Fig. 6 E portions partial enlarged drawing;
Figure 11 shows Fig. 7 F portions partial enlarged drawing;
Figure 12 shows Fig. 7 G portions partial enlarged drawing;
Figure 13 is shown extracts the schematic diagram after slot on the basis of Fig. 6 by ear;
Figure 14 is shown extracts the schematic diagram after slot on the basis of Fig. 7 by ear;
Figure 15 shows Figure 13 H portions partial enlarged drawing;
Figure 16 shows Figure 14 J portions partial enlarged drawing;
Figure 17 shows Figure 14 K portions partial enlarged drawing;
Figure 18 shows the schematic perspective view of lock ear mechanism;
Figure 19 shows the schematic perspective view of the lock ear mechanism after separation lock ear shell;
Figure 20 shows the perspective exploded view of lock ear mechanism;
Figure 21 shows the schematic perspective view of ejecting mechanism;
Figure 22 shows the perspective exploded view of ejecting mechanism;
Figure 23 shows the schematic perspective view of limit rotation mechanism;
Figure 24 shows the perspective exploded view of limit rotation mechanism;
Figure 25 shows the schematic perspective view of lock rotation mechanism;
Figure 26 shows the schematic perspective view of the lock rotation mechanism after separation lock transcapsidation;
Figure 27 shows the perspective exploded view of lock rotation mechanism.
Embodiment:
A kind of motorcycle helmet as shown in Fig. 1 to Figure 27, including the He of helmet main body 10 for being worn on driver's head Transparent mask 20, the both sides of helmet main body 10 are respectively equipped with a coupling mechanism 30, and the both sides of mask 20 are respectively equipped with an ear 201, each ear 201 couples with a coupling mechanism 30 respectively, especially, and each ear 201 is inserted respectively in removable mode Enter in a coupling mechanism 30, each coupling mechanism includes:
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, housing 40, it includes inner side shell 401, middle case 402 and outer shell 403, inner side shell 401 The both sides of middle case 402 are separated from outer shell 403, inner side shell 401 is fixedly mounted in helmet main body 10, and middle case 402 can Be rotatably mounted at inner side shell 401 on, outer shell 403 is fixedly mounted on middle case 402, in the present embodiment, outer shell 403 with Middle case 402 is snapped together by buckle connecting structure (not shown), i.e., outer shell 403 is fastened on middle case 402 Together, in order to the dismounting of outer shell, the buckle connecting structure of the present embodiment can use existing buckle connecting structure, It is formed between outer shell 403 and middle case 402 and is available for the slot 404 of the plug of ear 201 to realize ear 201 and coupling mechanism In 30 connection, the present embodiment, housing 40 is provided with the notch 405 connected with slot 404, especially, and notch 405 is located at outer shell Between 403 and middle case 402, ear 201 is inserted in slot 404 through notch 405, is formed between inner side shell 401 and middle case 402 There is a limit to turn room 406;The shell structure of the present embodiment is simple, realizes the rotatable assembling in middle case and outside, that is, realizes mask It is rotatable, can be pushed into away from face, can be pushed into downwards to block when needing to use mask upwards when mask need not be used Face;Limit is turned room and independently separated with slot by the shell mechanism of the present invention, it is to avoid ear is with first turning indoor parts (such as tooth Wheel) collide, rub;
Lock ear mechanism 50, is installed in housing 40, for locking the ear 201 in insertion slot 404 to prevent ear 201 Extract slot 404, especially, the lock ear mechanism 50 be used for lock or unclamp insertion slot 404 in ear 201 with prevent or Person allows ear 201 to extract slot 404;The ear that the present invention is inserted in slot by setting lock ear mechanism to avoid surprisingly takes off From slot, that is, avoid mask and helmet main body accidental separation, it is ensured that the safety and reliability used.
Button 60, is installed in housing 40, for driver's Manual press, and button 60 couples with lock ear mechanism 50, in button 60 when being pressed, and the lock ear mechanism 50 unclamps the ear 201 in insertion slot 404 to allow ear 201 to extract slot 404;This Invention can be easy to the manually operated dismounting mask of driver by settings button so that the convenient disassembly of mask, quick;Mask can be with Tear open with dress.
Ejecting mechanism 70, is installed in housing 40, is especially mounted in slot 404, makes the ear in insertion slot 404 201 there is the trend of slot 404 of exiting, i.e. ejecting mechanism 70, which to push away, makes ear 201 in insertion slot 404 towards exiting slot 404 direction motion.The present invention is by setting ejecting mechanism, and when ear is unclamped by lock ear mechanism, ejecting mechanism will be inserted on one's own initiative Enter ear in slot toward pushing outside slot, can enable driver easily, rapidly extract ear.
Rotation mechanism 80 is limited, is installed in housing 40, is especially mounted to limit and turns in room 406 so that middle case 402 is predetermined External force effect under just rotate;The present invention is by setting limit rotation mechanism to cause mask in predetermined external force (such as manual dynamicthrust) Effect is lower to be rotated, and overcomes the Action of Gravity Field of mask itself to stop operating after predetermined external force is cancelled, and rest on after rotation Position.
Rotation mechanism 90 is locked, is installed in housing 40, is especially mounted in middle case 402, slot is inserted in ear 201 Allow middle case 402 to rotate after 404, and prevent middle case 402 from rotating after slot 404 is extracted by ear 201.If mask with After helmet main body separation, the middle case (including outer shell) of helmet main body both sides relatively rotates, and causes the slot position of both sides Put and stagger not parallel, during mask to be installed, the ear of both masks needs to find the position of slot respectively, can so produce installation Difficult the problem of.In order to solve the technical problem, the present invention is by setting lock rotation mechanism so that after ear's insertion slot, face Cover allows to rotate together with middle case (including outer shell), after slot is extracted by ear (after i.e. mask departs from helmet main body), in Between shell (including outer shell) forbid rotating, the middle case (including outer shell) of such helmet main body both sides actually can only synchronously turn It is dynamic, it is impossible to relatively rotate, it is to avoid the slot position of both sides staggers not parallel and occurred the problem of cause installation difficulty.
In the present embodiment, lock rotation mechanism 90 separates from the both sides of slot 404 with lock ear mechanism 50.
As shown in Figures 3 to 10, the helmet main body 10 is provided with installation stud 101, especially, the two of the helmet main body 10 Side is respectively equipped with an installation stud 101, and each installation stud 101 is used to install a coupling mechanism 30, and inner side shell 401 is provided with fixed Centre bore 408 is provided with position projection 407, positioning convex column 407, middle case 402 is provided with turn hole 409, and positioning convex column 407 is in ladder Shaft-like and including enlarged diameter section 410 and reduced diameter section 411, the junction of enlarged diameter section 410 and reduced diameter section 411 forms convex shoulder 412;
Middle case 402 is rotationally set in outside the reduced diameter section 411 of positioning convex column through turn hole 409, is installed stud 101 and is inserted Enter in centre bore 408, a screw 413 insertion centre bore 408 simultaneously coordinates with installing the screw thread of stud 101, and the head 414 of screw is with determining The end 415 of the reduced diameter section of position projection is offseted and inner side shell 401 is fastened in helmet main body 10, and middle case 402 is placed restrictions on So that middle case 402 is axially located and circumferentially rotated between the head 414 of screw and convex shoulder 412, that is to say, that middle case 402 be to be positioned along the motion of the axis direction of positioning convex column 407, middle case 402 can around positioning convex column reduced diameter section 411 Rotate, i.e., middle case 402 is rotated around the axis of positioning convex column 407.The shell structure of the present invention causes screw to be hidden in housing In, play a part of dust-proof, waterproof, it is to avoid screw is exposed to produce the phenomenon such as get rusty, damage because exposing to the sun and rain.Need to dismount spiral shell When nail, only outer shell need to be opened.
As shown in Fig. 5, Fig. 7, Figure 11, Figure 14, Figure 16, Figure 18, Figure 19 and Figure 20, the lock ear mechanism 50 includes lock ear shell 501st, lock ear latch 502, lock ear drive rod 503, lock ear connecting rod 504, lock ear abduction rod 505 and lock ear torsion spring 506;
In the present embodiment, during the lock ear shell 501 is put together by two half-shells, and it is arranged on by the first screw 507 Between in shell 402;
It is provided with the lock ear shell 501 in lock ear cavity volume 508, lock ear cavity volume 508 and is provided with lock ear fixing axle 509, the lock ear shell 501 are provided with the opening of lock ear first 510 and the opening of lock ear second 511, the lock ear first opening 510 and the opening of lock ear second 511 Connected with lock ear cavity volume 508;
The lock ear latch 502 includes the lock ear latch that is connected together and is slidably matched portion 512 and lock ear latch protuberance 513, the lock ear latch portion 512 that is slidably matched is slidably mounted in lock ear cavity volume 508, and the lock ear latch is slidably matched portion 512 the inwall for the lock ear shell 501 for surrounding lock ear cavity volume 508 guiding lower slider, the lock ear latch protuberance 513 is from lock ear One opening 510 is stretched out in outside lock ear cavity volume 508 and stretched into slot 404;
The lock ear drive rod 503 include the lock ear drive rod that is connected together be slidably matched portion 514 and lock ear drive rod it is convex Go out portion 515, the lock ear drive rod portion 514 that is slidably matched is slidably mounted in lock ear cavity volume 508, and the lock ear drive rod is slided Dynamic auxiliary section 514 is in the guiding lower slider of the inwall for the lock ear shell 501 for surrounding lock ear cavity volume 508, the lock ear drive rod protuberance 515 stretch out in outside lock ear cavity volume 508 from the opening of lock ear second 511, and the button 60 is fixedly mounted in lock ear drive rod protuberance On 515;
The glide direction of the lock ear latch 502 is vertical with the glide direction of lock ear drive rod 503;
The lock ear abduction rod 505 includes the galianconism 516 and long-armed 517 being connected together, one end of galianconism 516 and long-armed 517 One end connect, the other end of galianconism 516 is provided with lock ear roller 518, long-armed 517 other end and one end of lock ear connecting rod 504 It is hinged, the other end and the lock ear latch of lock ear connecting rod 504 portion 512 that is slidably matched are hinged;
The galianconism 516 and long-armed 517 joint are provided with lock ear perforation 519, and the lock ear abduction rod 505 is perforated through lock ear 519 are rotatably mounted around in lock ear fixing axle 509;
The lock ear drive rod is slidably matched portion 514 provided with lock ear drive rod inclined-plane 520, and lock ear roller 518 is pressed on lock So that lock ear roller 518 is slided along lock ear drive rod inclined-plane 520 on ear drive rod inclined-plane 520, press button 60 and drive lock ear Lever 503 drives lock ear abduction rod 505, and around lock ear fixing axle 509, P is rotated in the counterclockwise direction, during release button 60, lock ear torsion spring 506 drive lock ear abduction rod 505, and around lock ear fixing axle 509, O is rotated and is driven lock ear drive rod 503 to reset along clockwise direction;
The lock ear torsion spring 506 is sleeved in lock ear fixing axle 509, and an elastic arm 521 of the lock ear torsion spring is solid installed in lock ear On dead axle 509, another elastic arm 522 of the lock ear torsion spring is arranged in lock ear abduction rod 505, especially, the lock ear torsion spring it is another Elastic arm 522 is arranged on long-armed 517, and lock ear torsion spring 506 makes lock ear abduction rod 505 have around lock ear fixing axle 509 along side clockwise The trend rotated to O, lock ear torsion spring 506 is acted in lock ear abduction rod 505 so that lock ear roller 518 contacts and compresses lock ear all the time Drive rod inclined-plane 520;
Lock ear latch 502 is driven to be unclamped in a latched position (as seen in figs. 7 and 11) and one when lock ear abduction rod 505 is rotated Switch between position (as shown in Figure 14 and Figure 16), when the lock ear latch 502 is in the locked position, the lock ear mechanism 50 locking is inserted Enter the ear 201 in slot 404 to prevent ear 201 from extracting slot 404;When the lock ear latch 502 is in released position, the lock Ear mechanism 50 unclamps the ear 201 in insertion slot 404 to allow ear 201 to extract slot 404;
Ear 201 is provided with recess 202, the present embodiment, and recess 202 is located at the position of top edge 203 of ear;
Lock ear abduction rod 505 around lock ear fixing axle 509 O is rotated along clockwise direction when, lock ear latch 502 is from latched position Switch to released position;
Lock ear abduction rod 505 around lock ear fixing axle 509 P is rotated in the counterclockwise direction when, lock ear latch 502 is from released position Switch to latched position;Wherein,
When lock ear latch 502 is in the locked position, the ear that lock ear latch protuberance 513 is stretched into insertion slot 404 In recess 202 with prevent ear 201 extract slot 404;
When lock ear latch 502 is in released position, the ear that lock ear latch protuberance 513 is exited in insertion slot 404 Recess 202 with allow ear 201 extract slot 404.
In the present embodiment, do not have in insertion slot 404 in ear 201, lock ear latch 502 is in the locked position.
The lock ear mechanism of the present invention is by setting lock ear abduction rod so that the glide direction and lock ear drive rod of the lock ear latch Glide direction (i.e. the pressing direction of button) be mutually perpendicular to, so can in order to which button is arranged at the outer face of housing, After motorcycle helmet is removed, because the outer face of housing is all revealed in the visual line of sight of driver, therefore it can be easy to drive The person of sailing looks for button.In addition, the lock ear mechanism structure of the present invention is simple, it is reasonable in design.By the length to galianconism with it is long-armed The reasonable selection that length is carried out can cause the small stroke motion of lock ear drive rod to drive the big stroke motion of lock ear latch, lock ear The big stroke motion of latch is conducive to stably and reliably locking ear, and the small stroke motion of lock ear drive rod is conducive to entirely The space layout design of coupling mechanism, is easy to reduce the space shared by coupling mechanism, can especially reduce the thickness of coupling mechanism The size spent on direction (i.e. the pressing direction of button).
The lock ear latch protuberance 513 is provided with lock ear latch inclined-plane 523, and ear 201 is provided with the first ear inclined-plane 204, when the insertion slot 404 outer from slot 404 of ear 201, the first ear inclined-plane 204 compresses lock ear latch inclined-plane 523 and made Lock ear latch 502 is slided from latched position to released position, i.e. the now O rotations along clockwise direction of lock ear latch 502, at this During, lock ear abduction rod 505 does not drive lock ear drive rod to slide, and so can more easily insert ear, at least exist During inserting ear, it is not necessary to spend the power for driving button and lock ear drive rod to slide;The present invention is by setting lock ear to insert Pin inclined-plane can cause ear to drive lock ear latch to be slided from latched position to released position while inserting slot outside slot, And after the fully-inserted slot of ear, lock ear latch protuberance is fallen into the recess in ear;By setting the first ear inclined-plane Lock ear latch can be driven to slide beneficial to ear;
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, housing 40 includes inner face 416, side 417 and the outer face relative with inner face 416 418, side 417 is connected between inner face 416 and outer face 418, and inner face 416 is towards helmet main body 10, the court of outer face 418 Outside, i.e. dorsad helmet main body 10 of outer face 418, button 60 protrudes from outer face 418;
The galianconism 516 and long-armed 517 angle are right angles;
The length of galianconism 516 is less than long-armed 517 length;
Inner face 416 is located on inner side shell 401, and outer face 418 is located in outer shell 403, and side 417 is located at middle case On, certainly, side 417 can also be made up of the side of inner side shell 401, middle case 402 and outer shell 403 simultaneously.
As shown in Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 9, Figure 13, Figure 15, Figure 21 and Figure 22, the ejecting mechanism 70 includes ejection shell 701, ejection Pushing block 702 and ejection stage clip 703;
It is also put together the ejection shell 701 by two half-shells, and it is arranged on middle case 402 by the second screw 704 In, provided with ejection cavity volume 705 in the ejection shell 701, the ejection shell 701 is provided with the ejection opening connected with ejection cavity volume 705 706;
Ejecting pushing block 702 includes outside plate 707, middle interconnecting piece 708 and inner panel 709, and the inner panel 709 is slidably mounted on Eject in cavity volume 705, one end of the middle interconnecting piece 708 connects with inner panel 709, and the other end of the middle interconnecting piece 708 is through bullet Go out opening 706 to stretch out outside ejection cavity volume 705 and with outside plate 707 connect;
Ejection stage clip 703 is installed in ejection cavity volume 705;
One end contact ejection shell 701 of stage clip 703 is ejected, the other end contact inner panel 709 of stage clip 703 is ejected;
Pushing block 702 is ejected in a compression position (as shown in figure Fig. 6 and Fig. 9) and an ejected position (such as Figure 13 and Figure 15 institutes Show) between slide, ejection stage clip 703 makes ejection pushing block 702 have the trend of ejected position of returning to, that is, ejects stage clip 703 and act on Ejection pushing block 702 is set to be moved from compression position to ejected position on ejection pushing block 702;
When the insertion slot 404 outer from slot 404 of ear 201, the top pressure outside plate 707 of ear 201 (the especially end face of ear 205 top pressure outside plates 707) and pushing away makes ejection pushing block 702 slide into compression position from ejected position.
Pushing block 702 is ejected in compression position, outside plate 707 offsets with ejection shell 701;
Pushing block 702 is ejected in ejected position, inner panel 709 is supported with ejection shell phase;Realize therefrom by eject shell 701 come The motion for ejecting pushing block 702 is carried out spacing.
The ejecting mechanism of the present invention is simple in construction.
As shown in Fig. 6, Fig. 8, Figure 13, Figure 23 and Figure 24, the limit rotation mechanism 80 includes being located at the gear for limiting and turning in room 406 801st, limit transcapsidation 802, limit turn bayonet lock 803, limit turn stage clip 804 and limit turn head part 805;
In the present embodiment, the limit transcapsidation 802 is also put together by two half-shells, and it is arranged on by the 3rd screw 806 In middle case 402;
The gear 801 is fixedly mounted on the enlarged diameter section 410 of positioning convex column;
The limit transcapsidation 802, which is fixedly mounted on middle case 402 so as to limit transcapsidation 802, follows middle case 402 to rotate, the limit Turn chute 807 provided with limit in transcapsidation 802, the limit transcapsidation 802 is provided with turns the limit transcapsidation opening 808 that chute 807 is connected with limit;
The limit turns head part 805 and turns that top plate 809, limit turn screw rod 810 and limit changes hands wheel 811 including limit, and limit turns top plate 809 can Slippingly it is installed on limit to turn in chute 807, one end that limit turns screw rod 810 is pressed on limit and turned on top plate 809, limit turns screw rod 810 The other end, which stretches out outside limit transcapsidation 802 and changes hands wheel 811 with limit, to connect, and limit turns screw rod 810 and limit transcapsidation 802 screw thread cooperation, passes through Driving limit to change hands wheel 811 and rotate manually can drive limit to turn top plate 809 to slide in limit turns chute 807;
The limit turns bayonet lock 803 and includes the limit that is connected together to turn that bayonet lock is slidably matched portion 812 and limit turns bayonet lock protuberance 813, the limit turns the bayonet lock portion 812 that is slidably matched and is slidably mounted on limit and turns in chute 807, the limit turn bayonet lock protuberance 813 from Limit transcapsidation opening 808 is stretched out in outside limit transcapsidation 802 and stretched into the teeth groove of gear 801, and the limit turns bayonet lock protuberance 813 in centre During the rotation of shell 402 from the teeth groove of the gear 801 currently stretched into jumps into the teeth groove of another gear 801;
The both sides that limit turns bayonet lock protuberance 813 are respectively provided with and turn bayonet lock inclined-plane with the limit of the flank of tooth of gear 801 cooperation 814, limit turns that bayonet lock protuberance 813 is tapered, and bayonet lock 803 is turned when middle case 402 is rotated from the tooth currently stretched into order to limit The teeth groove of wheel 801 is jumped into the teeth groove of another gear 801;
Limit turns stage clip 804 and is installed on limit to turn in chute 807, and one end contact limit that limit turns stage clip 804 turns bayonet lock and is slidably matched Portion 812, the other end contact limit that limit turns stage clip 804 turns top plate 809, and rotation limit is changed hands wheel 811 and leaned on driving limit to turn top plate 809 Turn the bayonet lock portion 812 that is slidably matched close or remote from limit to move to control to limit the decrement for turning stage clip 804.
Limit turns stage clip, and its elastic force can be reduced in use for some time, cause limit rotation mechanism to lose its effect, and mask exists Expected position can not be rested in the presence of self gravitation.The limit rotation mechanism of the present embodiment can be adjusted by setting limit to turn head part Section limit turns the decrement of stage clip to adjust the elastic force that limit turns stage clip, limit rotation mechanism is reliably worked, and limit favourable turn is maintained all the time The function of structure.
As shown in Fig. 5, figure Fig. 7, Figure 12, Figure 14, Figure 17, Figure 25, Figure 26 and Figure 27, the lock rotation mechanism 90 includes lock transcapsidation 901st, lock turn bayonet lock 902, lock turn drive rod 903, lock turn bent axle 904, lock rotating cam 905, lock turn torsion spring 906, lock turn stage clip 907 Turn connecting rod 900 with lock;
In the present embodiment, the lock transcapsidation 901 is also put together by two half-shells, and it is arranged on by the 4th screw 908 In middle case 402;
Turns cavity volume 909 provided with lock in the lock transcapsidation 901, the lock transcapsidation 901 turns the first opening 910 and lock turn the provided with lock Two openings 911, the lock turns the first opening 910 and the opening of lock turn second 911 turns cavity volume 909 with lock and connected;
The lock turns bayonet lock 902 and includes the lock that is connected together to turn that bayonet lock is slidably matched portion 912 and lock turns bayonet lock protuberance 913, the lock turns the bayonet lock portion 912 that is slidably matched and is slidably mounted in lock and turns in cavity volume 909, and the lock turns bayonet lock and is slidably matched portion 912 surround lock turn cavity volume 909 lock transcapsidation 901 inwall guiding lower slider, the lock turns bayonet lock protuberance 913 and turns the from lock One opening 910 stretches out in lock and turns that cavity volume 909 is outer and stretch into limit and turn in room 406, and the lock turns bayonet lock and is slidably matched portion 912 provided with lock Lock tumbler wheel 915 is installed on rotary wheel frame 914, lock rotary wheel frame 914;
The lock turn drive rod 903 include the lock that is connected together turn drive rod be slidably matched portion 916 and lock to turn drive rod convex Go out portion 917, the lock turns the drive rod portion 916 that is slidably matched and is slidably mounted in lock and turns in cavity volume 909, and the lock turns drive rod cunning Dynamic auxiliary section 916 locks the guiding lower slider for the inwall for locking transcapsidation 901 for turning cavity volume 909 surrounding, and the lock turns drive rod protuberance 918 turn the second opening 911 from lock stretches out in lock and turns that cavity volume 909 is outer and stretch into slot 404, and the lock turns drive rod protuberance 918 Turn drive rod inclined-plane 919 provided with lock;
The lock turns the glide direction of bayonet lock 902 and lock to turn the glide direction of drive rod 903 be parallel;
The lock turns bent axle 904 and is rotatably installed on lock to turn in cavity volume 909, and the lock rotating cam 905 is fixedly mounted in lock Turn on bent axle 904, and make lock rotating cam 905 follow lock to turn the axis rotation that bent axle 904 turns bent axle 904 around lock, the lock turns bent axle 904 are provided with rod journal 920, especially, and the lock turns the rod journal 920 that bent axle 904 is provided with radial deflection, and lock turns connecting rod 900 One end be hinged on rod journal 920, the other end that lock turns connecting rod 900 is hinged on lock and turns drive rod and is slidably matched in portion 916;
On the profile of the lock rotating cam 905 have distal end Q and near-end R, distal end Q from lock rotating cam 905 center of rotation (i.e. Lock turns the axle center of bent axle 904) distance be N, near-end R from being M with a distance from the center of rotation of lock rotating cam 905, wherein, N>M;
The lock turns stage clip 907 and turned installed in lock in cavity volume 909, and the lock turns one end contact lock transcapsidation 901 of stage clip 907, should The other end contact lock that lock turns stage clip 907 turns bayonet lock and is slidably matched portion 912, and the lock turns the lock tumbler that stage clip 907 makes lock turn bayonet lock Wheel 915 keeps contacting with locking the profile of rotating cam 905;
The lock turns torsion spring 906 and is sleeved on lock to turn on bent axle 904, and the elastic arm that the lock turns torsion spring is arranged in lock transcapsidation 901, Another elastic arm that the lock turns torsion spring turns on bent axle 904 installed in lock, and lock turns torsion spring 906 and make lock turn bent axle 904 to have along clockwise The trend that direction O is rotated;
The lock turns to put (as shown in figure Figure 14 and Figure 17) in a bayonet lock taboo indexing when bayonet lock 902 is slided and a bayonet lock is accurate indexable Put switching between (as shown in figures 7 and 12);
The lock turns bayonet lock 902 and is in bayonet lock to prohibit indexing when putting, lock tumbler wheel 915 with it is remote on the profile of lock rotating cam 905 Q contacts are held, lock turns bayonet lock protuberance 913 and stretches into the teeth groove of gear 801 to prevent middle case 402 from rotating;
The lock turn bayonet lock 902 in the quasi- indexing of bayonet lock put when, lock tumbler wheel 915 with it is near on the profile of lock rotating cam 905 R contacts are held, lock, which turns bayonet lock protuberance 913, to be exited the teeth groove of gear 801 to allow middle case 402 to rotate;
Prohibit indexing in a drive rod when lock turns the slip of drive rod 903 and put (as shown in figure Figure 14 and Figure 17) and a drive rod Switching between (as shown in figures 7 and 12) is put in quasi- indexing;
The lock turns drive rod 903 and is in drive rod to prohibit indexing when putting, and the lock turns bayonet lock 902 and be in bayonet lock and prohibit indexing to put;
The lock turn drive rod 903 in the quasi- indexing of drive rod put when, the lock turns bayonet lock 902 and put in the quasi- indexing of bayonet lock;
Lock turn drive rod 903 from drive rod prohibit indexing put to the quasi- indexing of drive rod put slip when, lock turns drive rod 903 and driven Lock turns bent axle 904, and P is rotated in the counterclockwise direction, and from distal end Q, proximally R is transported profile of the lock tumbler wheel 915 along lock rotating cam 905 Dynamic, lock, which turns bayonet lock 902, to be prohibited indexing from bayonet lock and puts to the quasi- indexing of bayonet lock and put slip;
Lock turns drive rod 903 and put from the quasi- indexing of drive rod when prohibiting indexing to drive rod and putting slip, and lock turns drive rod 903 and driven Lock turns bent axle 904, and O is rotated along clockwise direction, and proximally R is transported profile of the lock tumbler wheel 915 along lock rotating cam 905 to distal end Q Dynamic, lock, which turns bayonet lock 902, to be put from the quasi- indexing of bayonet lock and prohibits indexing to bayonet lock and put slip;
When the insertion slot 404 outer from slot 404 of ear 201, ear 201 compresses lock and turns drive rod inclined-plane 919 and make lock Turn drive rod 903 and prohibit indexing from drive rod and put to the quasi- indexing of drive rod to put slips, and finally lock and turn drive rod protuberance 918 and ear The lower edge 206 in portion offsets, and lock turns drive rod 903 and put in the quasi- indexing of drive rod.
Extracted in ear 201 after slot 404, lock, which turns torsion spring 906, drives lock to turn the O rotations along clockwise direction of bent axle 904, lock Turn drive rod 903 and put back into from the quasi- indexing of drive rod to prohibit indexing to drive rod and put, lock rotating cam 905 drives lock to turn bayonet lock 902 to overcome Lock turns the active force of stage clip 907, and proximally R is moved profile of the lock tumbler wheel 915 along lock rotating cam to distal end Q, and lock turns bayonet lock 902 Put from the quasi- indexing of bayonet lock to bayonet lock taboo indexing and put slip.
Ear 201 is provided with the second ear inclined-plane 207, when the insertion slot 404 outer from slot 404 of ear 201, ear Second ear inclined-plane 207 compresses lock and turns drive rod inclined-plane 919 and lock is turned drive rod 903 and put from drive rod taboo indexing to drive rod Slip is put in quasi- indexing;The present invention is slided by setting the second ear inclined-plane that lock can be driven to turn drive rod beneficial to ear.
Lock turns in cavity volume 909 to turn support 923 provided with lock, locks and turns bent axle 904 and be supported rotatably in lock to turn support 923 On;
The lock turns bent axle 904 and turns support 923 installed in lock provided with disk 924, the elastic arm that the lock turns torsion spring is fixedly mounted On, another elastic arm that the lock turns torsion spring is arranged on fixed installation disk 924;
The lock transcapsidation 901 is across limit and turned between room 406 and slot 404.
In the present embodiment, do not have in insertion slot in ear, lock turns drive rod and put in drive rod taboo indexing.
In the present embodiment, the first ear inclined-plane of ear is connected between the top edge of ear and the end face of ear,
Second ear inclined-plane of ear is connected between the lower edge of ear and the end face of ear.
The lock of this implementation turn bayonet lock protuberance 913 both sides be respectively equipped with limit turn bayonet lock protuberance 813 both sides it is identical Be used for turn bayonet lock inclined-plane with the lock that the flank of tooth of gear 801 coordinates, it is tapered that lock turns bayonet lock protuberance 913.
The lock of this implementation turns stage clip 907 and is enclosed on lock to turn outside bayonet lock protuberance 913.
The lock rotation mechanism of the present invention realizes control lock using cam mechanism (cooperation for locking rotating cam and lock tumbler wheel) Turn the slip of bayonet lock, can avoid occurring lock and turn bayonet lock and be in bayonet lock and prohibit indexing to be moved to card with respect to effect by gear when putting The phenomenon that quasi- indexing is put is sold, actually avoids sending lock and turns bayonet lock and be in bayonet lock to prohibit middle case when indexing is put still rotatably existing As it is not slidable that is, lock, which turns bayonet lock in the case where lock rotating cam is not rotated, can so ensure to lock middle case.
The lock rotation mechanism of the present invention turns torsion spring to realize after slot is extracted by ear by lock, and lock turns drive rod from drive rod Quasi- indexing puts back into the quasi- indexing of drive rod and put, and its is simple in construction, reasonable in design, is that lock can be achieved to turn to drive using less parts The reciprocating motion of lever.
The lock rotation mechanism of the present invention is by setting lock to turn stage clip so that lock tumbler wheel remains the wheel of contact lock rotating cam Exterior feature, makes lock rotating cam effectively coordinate with lock tumbler wheel.
Lock ear mechanism, limit rotation mechanism, lock rotation mechanism and the ejecting mechanism of the present invention has been independent modular construction, so It can be easily installed in the housing, improve production efficiency, reduce production cost.
The creation of the present invention comes from following imagination and problem:If mask can be assembled with helmet main body when in use, Helmet main body is separated when not in use, then can just save many spaces in storage, it might even be possible to will pull down ground mask plug Enter in helmet main body, so, the actual space-consuming of whole motorcycle helmet is equal to the space shared by helmet main body, saves Space and mask shared by mask and the space shared by helmet main body assembly relation.But the mask of existing motorcycle helmet Need just dismount by specific instrument (such as screwdriver).This make it that mask dismounting is difficult, time-consuming.To realize above-mentioned set The problem of solution mask dismounting is difficult is thought of, the present invention has been created.
The present invention need to only press the button of the coupling mechanism of both sides, the lock ear of each coupling mechanism respectively when dismantling mask The lock ear latch protuberance of mechanism exits the recess of ear, and the ejection pushing block of ejecting mechanism is slided from compression position toward ejected position And ear is promoted toward the motion of slot direction is exited, while slot is extracted by ear, lock turns drive rod protuberance and departs from ear Lower edge and make lock turn drive rod return to drive rod prohibit indexing put;
The present invention is when installing mask, in the slot that the ear of mask both sides is inserted to a coupling mechanism respectively, in ear During inserting slot, the first ear inclined-plane of ear compresses lock ear latch inclined-plane and makes lock ear latch from latched position to pine Open position is slided, and the second ear inclined-plane of ear compresses lock and turns drive rod inclined-plane and lock is turned drive rod and put from drive rod taboo indexing Slip, the end face top pressure outside plate of ear are put to the quasi- indexing of drive rod and pushing away makes ejection pushing block slide into compressed-bit from ejected position Put, and finally, lock ear latch protuberance is fallen into the recess in ear, lock turns drive rod protuberance and the lower edge phase of ear Support, lock turns drive rod and put in the quasi- indexing of drive rod, ejection pushing block is pushed to compression position.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of motorcycle helmet, including helmet main body and mask, the both sides of helmet main body are respectively equipped with a coupling mechanism, mask Both sides be respectively equipped with an ear, each ear couples with a coupling mechanism respectively, it is characterised in that each coupling mechanism includes:
Housing, it includes inner side shell, middle case and outer shell, and inner side shell and outer shell separate from the both sides of middle case, inner side shell It is fixedly mounted in helmet main body, middle case is installed in rotation on the shell of inner side, and outer shell is fixedly mounted on middle case, outside The slot for being available for ear to plug is formed between side shell and middle case, a limit is formed between inner side shell and middle case and turns room;
Lock ear mechanism, is installed in housing, for lock insertion slot in ear with prevent ear extract slot;
Button, is installed in housing, for driver's Manual press, and button couples with lock ear mechanism, when button is pressed, the lock Ear mechanism unclamps the ear in insertion slot to allow ear to extract slot;
Ejecting mechanism, is installed in housing, the ear in insertion slot is had the trend for exiting slot;
Rotation mechanism is limited, is installed in housing so that middle case is just rotated under predetermined external force effect;
Rotation mechanism is locked, is installed in housing, allows middle case to rotate after ear's insertion slot, and is hindered after slot is extracted by ear Only middle case is rotated.
2. motorcycle helmet according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
Helmet main body is provided with stud is installed, and inner side shell, which is provided with positioning convex column, positioning convex column, is provided with centre bore, on middle case Provided with turn hole, positioning convex column is in ladder shaft-like including enlarged diameter section and reduced diameter section, the connection of enlarged diameter section and reduced diameter section Place forms convex shoulder;
Middle case is rotationally set in outside the reduced diameter section of positioning convex column through turn hole, is installed in stud insertion centre bore, a spiral shell Nail insertion centre bore simultaneously coordinates with installing stud screw thread, the end of the head of screw and the reduced diameter section of positioning convex column offset and incite somebody to action Inner side shell is fastened in helmet main body, and middle case is limited between the head of screw and convex shoulder.
3. motorcycle helmet according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:
The lock ear latch protuberance is provided with lock ear latch inclined-plane, and ear is provided with the first ear inclined-plane, in ear outside slot When inserting slot, the first ear inclined-plane compresses lock ear latch inclined-plane and lock ear latch is slided from latched position to released position;
Housing includes inner face, side and the outer face relative with inner face, is connected to sideways between inner face and outer face, interior End face protrudes from outer face towards helmet main body, button;
The galianconism and long-armed angle are right angles;
The length of galianconism is less than long-armed length;
Inner face is located on the shell of inner side, and outer face is located in outer shell.
4. motorcycle helmet according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:
The ejecting mechanism includes ejection shell, ejection pushing block and ejection stage clip;
Provided with ejection cavity volume in the ejection shell, the ejection shell is provided with the ejection opening connected with ejection cavity volume;
Ejecting pushing block includes outside plate, middle interconnecting piece and inner panel, and the inner panel is slidably mounted in ejection cavity volume, connected in the middle of this One end of socket part connects with inner panel, the other end of the middle interconnecting piece stretched out through ejection opening outside ejection cavity volume and with outside plate phase Connect;
One end contact ejection shell of stage clip is ejected, the other end contact inner panel of stage clip is ejected;
Ejection pushing block is slided between a compression position and an ejected position, ejection stage clip make ejection pushing block have return to eject position The trend put;
When ear inserts slot outside slot, ear's top pressure outside plate and pushing away makes ejection pushing block slide into compressed-bit from ejected position Put.
5. motorcycle helmet according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:
The limit rotation mechanism turns bayonet lock, limit including gear, limit transcapsidation, limit and turns stage clip and limit to turn head part;
The gear is fixedly mounted on the enlarged diameter section of positioning convex column;
The limit transcapsidation is fixedly mounted on middle case, and chute is turned provided with limit in the limit transcapsidation, and the limit transcapsidation is provided with to be turned with limit The limit transcapsidation opening of chute connection;
The limit turns head part and turns that top plate, limit turn screw rod and limit changes hands wheel including limit, and limit turns top plate and be slippingly installed on limit to turn a cunning In groove, one end that limit turns screw rod is pressed on limit and turned on top plate, and limit turns the other end of screw rod, and to stretch out limit transcapsidation outer and change hands wheel with limit Connect, limit turns screw rod and coordinated with limit transcapsidation screw thread;
The limit turns bayonet lock and includes the limit that is connected together to turn that bayonet lock is slidably matched portion and limit turns bayonet lock protuberance, and the limit turns bayonet lock cunning Dynamic auxiliary section is slidably mounted on limit and turned in chute, and the limit turns bayonet lock protuberance and stretched out in from limit transcapsidation opening outside limit transcapsidation simultaneously In the teeth groove for stretching into gear, the limit turn bayonet lock protuberance jumped into when middle case is rotated from the teeth groove of the gear currently stretched into it is another In the teeth groove of gear;
The both sides that limit turns bayonet lock protuberance are respectively equipped with limit and turn bayonet lock inclined-plane;
Limit turns stage clip and is installed on limit to turn in chute, and one end contact limit that limit turns stage clip turns bayonet lock and is slidably matched portion, and limit turns stage clip Other end contact limit turns top plate, rotates limit and changes hands to take turns and makees to turn the bayonet lock portion of being slidably matched fortune closer or far from limit to drive limit to turn top plate It is dynamic.
CN201610465344.9A 2016-06-21 2016-06-21 Motorcycle helmet Active CN105901817B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610465344.9A CN105901817B (en) 2016-06-21 2016-06-21 Motorcycle helmet

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610465344.9A CN105901817B (en) 2016-06-21 2016-06-21 Motorcycle helmet

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CN105901817A CN105901817A (en) 2016-08-31
CN105901817B true CN105901817B (en) 2017-08-08

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107322642A (en) * 2017-08-16 2017-11-07 南京六朝光电科技有限公司 A kind of mask drive device, mask and robot

Family Cites Families (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100568946B1 (en) * 2004-11-25 2006-04-10 주식회사 홍진에이치제이씨 Shield mounting device for helmet
WO2007144938A1 (en) * 2006-06-13 2007-12-21 Ogk Kabuto Co., Ltd. Shield installation structure for helmet
TWI303156B (en) * 2007-03-05 2008-11-21 Long Huei Helmet Co
DE602007011933D1 (en) * 2007-09-18 2011-02-24 Opticos Srl Safety helmet with additional inner visor
CN201595233U (en) * 2010-02-10 2010-10-06 浙江省恒丰实业有限公司 Helmet goggles connecting device
CN204120320U (en) * 2014-09-26 2015-01-28 佛山市南海永恒头盔制造有限公司 A kind of Fast Installation helmet glasses lens base assembly

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Inventor after: Zhuo Daomin

Inventor before: Zhang Yulian

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Effective date of registration: 20180410

Address after: 528200 Zhuo Daomin, Zhuo Daojie office building and A installation workshop in Jiujiang comprehensive field, Nanhai District, Foshan, Guangdong.

Patentee after: Foshan Nanhai Xinyuan Helmets Co., Ltd.

Address before: 528400 Guangdong province Zhongshan City Shiqi District, North Hubin Road No. 68 building 4 Room 502 Lakeview Garden

Patentee before: Zhang Yulian