CN105887231B - A kind of manufacture method of fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn - Google Patents

A kind of manufacture method of fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105887231B
CN105887231B CN201610410014.XA CN201610410014A CN105887231B CN 105887231 B CN105887231 B CN 105887231B CN 201610410014 A CN201610410014 A CN 201610410014A CN 105887231 B CN105887231 B CN 105887231B
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powder
strength polyester
spinning
fused mass
filament yarn
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CN105887231A (en
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谌建国
刘智敏
鲁传旺
陈文阳
李艺龙
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Fujian Billion Polymerization Fiber Technology Industrial Co Ltd
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Fujian Billion Polymerization Fiber Technology Industrial Co Ltd
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR MAN-MADE THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01FCHEMICAL FEATURES IN THE MANUFACTURE OF ARTIFICIAL FILAMENTS, THREADS, FIBRES, BRISTLES OR RIBBONS; APPARATUS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF CARBON FILAMENTS
    • D01F6/00Monocomponent artificial filaments or the like of synthetic polymers; Manufacture thereof
    • D01F6/88Monocomponent artificial filaments or the like of synthetic polymers; Manufacture thereof from mixtures of polycondensation products as major constituent with other polymers or low-molecular-weight compounds
    • D01F6/92Monocomponent artificial filaments or the like of synthetic polymers; Manufacture thereof from mixtures of polycondensation products as major constituent with other polymers or low-molecular-weight compounds of polyesters
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR MAN-MADE THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01DMECHANICAL METHODS OR APPARATUS IN THE MANUFACTURE OF ARTIFICIAL FILAMENTS, THREADS, FIBRES, BRISTLES OR RIBBONS
    • D01D5/00Formation of filaments, threads, or the like
    • D01D5/08Melt spinning methods
    • D01D5/088Cooling filaments, threads or the like, leaving the spinnerettes
    • D01D5/092Cooling filaments, threads or the like, leaving the spinnerettes in shafts or chimneys
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR MAN-MADE THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01DMECHANICAL METHODS OR APPARATUS IN THE MANUFACTURE OF ARTIFICIAL FILAMENTS, THREADS, FIBRES, BRISTLES OR RIBBONS
    • D01D5/00Formation of filaments, threads, or the like
    • D01D5/12Stretch-spinning methods
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR MAN-MADE THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01DMECHANICAL METHODS OR APPARATUS IN THE MANUFACTURE OF ARTIFICIAL FILAMENTS, THREADS, FIBRES, BRISTLES OR RIBBONS
    • D01D7/00Collecting the newly-spun products
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR MAN-MADE THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01FCHEMICAL FEATURES IN THE MANUFACTURE OF ARTIFICIAL FILAMENTS, THREADS, FIBRES, BRISTLES OR RIBBONS; APPARATUS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF CARBON FILAMENTS
    • D01F1/00General methods for the manufacture of artificial filaments or the like
    • D01F1/02Addition of substances to the spinning solution or to the melt
    • D01F1/10Other agents for modifying properties

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of manufacture method of fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn, which specifically comprises the steps of:(1) preparation of high intensity powder body, the preparation of (two) high-strength polyester master batch, the preparation of (three) fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn:Injected system before pump is added online using fused mass directly spinning, the high-strength polyester master batch prepared with step (two) as pump before inject raw material, melt based on normal polyester melt, makes the how special-shaped structure function master batch melt with far infrared and anion emission function be mixed with main molten body by injected system before pump, then through spinning front filtration, enter into filament spinning component, melt spinning is carried out, through ring wind quenching, is oiled, drawing-off, winding obtain fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn.The present invention is natural minerals due to which, while the rigidity of reinforcing fiber, and the intensity for improving final products;And have other functions concurrently simultaneously, to expand its range of application.

Description

A kind of manufacture method of fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of textile production, specifically, is a kind of system of fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn Make method.
Background technology
Fused mass directly spinning is the most effective production model of current extensive fiber product, with low cost, efficient advantage;High Intensity polyester filament is excellent due to fibrous mechanical property, and dyeability is good, is widely used in decoration and uses, and industrial grade is led Domain;And in high strength polyester filament yarn production process, the processing of functional powder is affected on spinning greatly, while the intensity shadow to fiber Sound is larger, therefore the modification of functional powder and the key for disperseing to be impact fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn performance.
Chinese Patent Application No. 201510993397.3 is related to a kind of environment protection type high-strength polyster fibre, including following weight Part component:80~90 parts of PET sections, 0~1 part of delustering agent, 3~5 parts of reinforcing agent, 1~3 part of processing aid.A kind of environment-friendly type is high Intensity polyster fibre, is designed by the formula of science, effectively improves the intensity of fiber, improves the service life of fiber, while Also have and economize on resources, environmental protection is acted on.
Chinese Patent Application No. 201510585577.8 is related to a kind of dacron thread with high-strength waterproof performance, is related to wash Synthetic fibre silk production technical field, by the following method step be processed:1) prepare basic silk, 2) by dacron thread preorientation POY silks and Two kinds of silks of polyester full drawn yarn PDY are carried out in same winding frame;3) spinneret that step 2 is adopted is spinneret orifice 6 etc. Corner shape spray webbing seam, the side spacing of two adjacent spray webbing seams is 0.05-0.07mm;4) PDY first passes through the same side of a pair of draw rolls Enter draw zone;5) godet is entered by compound for the PDY of basic silk, POY and step 4;6) basic silk, POY silks and PDY silks are being led Roll dies is combined into a synnema, and then the big footpath roller and a path roller not heated respectively through a heating is distracted into terylene Silk.A kind of intensity height, good wearability, the extremely low dacron thread that can play good waterproof effect of water absorption and its intensity are provided It is greatly improved with anti-wear performance.
Chinese Patent Application No. 201510465559.6 is related to a kind of manufacture method of high-strength abrasion-proof polyester harness cord, including Following steps, 1) doubling;2) first twist;3) retwist;4) twisted wire;5) stock tank is sized mixing, is dyeed;6) it is dehydrated;7) first time drawing-off setting, Air-dried, humidity is less than 3%;8) second drawing-off setting.The polyester harness cord for being provided, fracture strength are significantly increased, wear-resisting Property improve.Expansion and contraction declines.Coefficient of friction improves 30%-60%.
Chinese Patent Application No. 201210590137.8 is related to a kind of high tenacity polyester fiber woven fabric needled fabric, belongs to acupuncture non- Woven cloths technical field, the high intensity woven fabric needled fabric are obtained through the double combings of nonwoven, double lappings with the short fibre of figured islands-in-sea After double-deck continuous net, sandwich in the middle of double-deck continuous net by the polyester filament base fabric that to be raw material obtain through water-jet loom again through nonwoven acupuncture Compound base fabric is obtained, is formed by starching, PU resin impregnateds, Alkali reduction fibrillation, dyeing, drying, two-sided sanding;The terylene is long Silk is 68D-75D, and the short fine fiber number of figured islands-in-sea is 1D-3D, includes 37 islands, length 38mm-51mm, and sea/island ratio is 30/70.High intensity woven fabric needled fabric is using cost of dye is low, water consumption is little, stretch-proof enhancing, even dyeing, bright color, Good color fastness, skin perception and velvet are taken into account, good air permeability.
Chinese Patent Application No. 201310365577.8 is related to a kind of preparation method of high strength polyester filament yarn fiber, including Following steps:The mixed liquor of ethylene glycol and catalyst after by PET polyester melts, is added, alcoholysis reunion reaction, control reaction is carried out Product viscosity is 0.7-0.8dl/g, and entering spinning manifold carries out spinning, and spinning body temperature is 300 DEG C -350 DEG C.The height of preparation Intensity polyester filament fiber can be used to prepare High-strength composite fabric, and processing route is simple, easy to operate, low cost, it is easy to industry Metaplasia is produced.
A kind of 201110227222.3~preparation method of high-tenacity terylene degree mother silk of Chinese Patent Application No. and its device.From The tow that spinning box assembly sprays through side-blown air cooling by spinning shaft, oil for first with after tension rail (4), then through Draught control mechanism (5) is adjusted and obtains the first tension force, and the first tension force for controlling tow is 40~80cN, by level Four draft process, obtains To monofilament product strength reach 7.0~8.0cN/dtex.By using tension controller, overcome because of multistage drafting process bands The first tension force for coming is too small, causes normally around the problem of roller to be controlled the tension force of each monofilament in female silk, subtracted Lacked and bad winding breakage phenomena has been produced as tow rocks the local tow length for causing greatly in rear road, met high intensity Terylene mother's silk production technology and product needed.
Chinese Patent Application No. 201310365579.7 is related to a kind of High-strength composite fabric, including base fabric, the base fabric Side is compounded with the first tack coat, polyester filament fibrous layer, the second tack coat and PE/PP composite beds from inside to outside successively;Described Polyester filament fiber in polyester filament fibrous layer is prepared via a method which:After by PET polyester melts, ethylene glycol and two is added The mixed liquor of oxidation germanium catalyst, carries out alcoholysis reunion reaction, controls product viscosity for 0.7-0.8dl/g, enter spinning Casing carries out spinning, and spinning body temperature is 300 DEG C -350 DEG C.High-strength composite fabric replaces PVC using PE/PP composites Material, Environmental Safety, and High-strength composite fabric is formed using compound hot pressing mode, processing route is simple, easy to operate, cost Low, it is easy to industrialized production.Smooth surface, waterproof and oilproof, wear-resisting, long service life, non-toxic and safe.
Chinese Patent Application No. 201210189223.8 is related to a kind of method that waste and old polyester spins high tenacity polyester fiber chopped fiber, It is characterized in that:On conventional spinning processes conditioned basic, in filament spinning component, add sea sand filter, pass through fused materials The secondary filter of sea sand filter, so that obtain the cleannes melt consistent with primary material;After ring wind quenching technique, increase The operation if center oils, tow Zai Jing center oiling devices after ring wind quenching oil, after making tow absorption oil preparation Further cooled down, while also eliminating electrostatic;Nervous heat setting device is divided into four groups of totally ten seven rollers, and first group by 5 Individual roller composition, remaining is made up of 4 rollers per group, is heated by saturated vapor in roller, and each group heating-up temperature is respectively:First 125~130 DEG C of group;Second group 145~150 DEG C;3rd group 165~170 DEG C;4th group 185~190 DEG C.Produced again by which Raw polyester staple fiber, within 1.2 denier, in 6.0cN/dtex, dry-hot shrinkage is in 5~7% models for fracture strength for fiber linear density In enclosing, the excellent measure of high-strength flatness is reached.
Chinese Patent Application No. 201210229834.0 is related to a kind of preparation side of low-melting-point high-strength dacron composite monofilament Method, is that after melting respectively, formation spinning liquid carries out spinning and obtains two kinds of differences with low-melting point polyester and high-strength polyester as raw material Filament number spun filament, two kinds of spun filaments carry out drawing-off by respective spinning heat pipe, then through plying, network and wind Arrive low-melting-point high-strength dacron bicomponent filament yarn product.The polyester filament for not only the obtaining low melting point but also intensity for making polyester filament is non- Chang Gao, whole technical process and common polyester filament hot-pipe spinning process similar process.
Chinese Patent Application No. 201110138156.2 is related to a kind of high intensity mercerized yarn and preparation method thereof, with fiber Average length for 28mm~37mm raw material cotton be raw material, include successively blowing, cotton carding, pre-drawing, silver lap, combing, secondary simultaneously Bar, rove, spun yarn and winder step, obtain spun yarn, it is characterised in that described rove comprises the steps:By a drafting Feeding fly frame, will obtain a rove;Then with 2 rove for once obtaining while feed fly frame, secondary rove is obtained; 2 rove for obtaining secondary rove again, while feeding spinning frame carries out spun yarn.The spun yarn obtained using said method, not only Intensity is significantly improved, and mercerization effect is substantially, can be used as senior floss silk etc..
Chinese Patent Application No. 201210542127.7 is related to a kind of big elongation air bag polyester industrial yarn of high intensity, with height Viscous PET sections are raw material, through melting spinning, make in the spinning oil after-drawing winding for adding appropriate, and formula is with weight portion It is calculated as:The high viscous PET100 parts of Hai Li get HLD301,0.4~1.0 part of this HM100 of pine spinning oils.Its preparation method includes solid phase Polymerization, melting, metering, cooling shaping oil, and stretch and winding steps.The air bag polyester industrial yarn fracture strength of preparation reaches More than 8.0CN/dtex is arrived, and extension at break can reach 18%~24% again, its performance has been more nearly the performance of nylon-66, This intensity and two big indexs of elongation have reached international most advanced level.
Chinese Patent Application No. 201010541370.8 is related to a kind of super have the low dry-hot shrinkage of light SANYE abnormity high intensity The preparation method of polyester filament, has the section of light common PET to viscosify through solid phase with super;After drying is dried, enter screw rod and squeeze Press melt extruded;Spinning is measured by dosing pump, SANYE profile spinneret and sprays tow;Through side-blown air cooling, oil;Finally Stretched oneself and yawn by four road hot-rolling heating, be wound into spinning cake.This method spins processing using a step, and production procedure is short, and spinning speed is high, and product breaks Resistance to spalling is high, dry-hot shrinkage is low, elongation at break is low, lousiness is few, little breakage, and production procedure short, stable simple and direct, Low production cost.The SANYE degree of profile of product cross section is good, and Rhizoma Sparganii index of refraction is high.
Chinese Patent Application No. 201310662403.8 is related to a kind of high-strength anti-flaming composite fibre, belongs to spinning field; The fiber is grouped into by following groups in molar ratio, andalusite:6.38~7.21, Al2O3:1.95~2.42, ZrO2:0.84~ 1.2.High-strength anti-flaming composite fibre of the present invention, includes Al in fiber2O3And ZrO2Composition, obtains And the fiber of fire resistance.
Content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to overcoming the deficiencies in the prior art, there is provided a kind of system of fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn Make method.
The purpose of the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of manufacture method of fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn, which specifically comprises the steps of:
(1) preparation of high intensity powder body
With jade powder, powder of natural shell, natural diatom powder, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recenss leachate are raw material, first natural diatom powder, jade Powder, powder of natural shell are proportionally added in ball mill, using the method for dry powder ball mill, are ground and are prepared mixed mineral Powder body, makes jade powder, powder of natural shell and natural diatom powder sufficiently be mixed, and jade powder in process of lapping, day So into being fully contacted and replacing, after control to grind, the mean diameter of powder body is 15~20 to the mineral in conch meal and natural diatom powder Micron;Then mixed mineral powder body after grinding is immersed in Rhizoma Zingiberis Recenss leachate, dip time is 15~30 days, is then taken out certainly So dry, obtain pretreatment mixed mineral powder body, then pretreated mixed mineral powder body in nitrogen atmosphere, 800~900 High-temperature calcination under the conditions of DEG C, calcination time are 4~5h, are then improving temperature for 1500~1800 DEG C of 2~3h of calcining, are finally existing Carry out hurriedly calcining 15~20min under the conditions of 2200~2500 DEG C, after having calcined, take rapidly cooling down with liquid nitrogen as cooling source, 5~10s is cooled to room temperature and obtains high intensity powder body, then screens out the high intensity powder body that mean diameter is 0.2~5.0 micron;
The mass fraction of each raw material of described high intensity powder body is as follows:
During described dry ball milling, loading is 65~75%, and zirconium beadlet footpath is 3~5mm, and grinding rotating speed is 3000 ~4500rpm, 3~4h of milling time, control grinding temperature for 40~45 DEG C;
Jade powder, powder of natural shell and natural diatom powder are all very excellent natural minerals, and which is excellent remote The functions such as infrared emission, anion emission, physics magnetic therapy are used in the fields such as health care;Jade powder contains needed by human body Selenium, zinc, nickel, cobalt, manganese, magnesium, more than the 30 kinds of trace element beneficial to human body such as calcium, what which distributed start ripple and human body cell It is same fluctuation status to start ripple, and human body cell makes human body thin as the fluctuation given out from jade is empathized and resonates Born of the same parents' tissue is more vigourous, and promotes blood to follow bad, enhancing metabolism and enter to exclude bodily waste, to health and health care There is excellent effect;Powder of natural shell has excellent natural anima simultaneously, and with the formaldehyde isoreactivity in absorption air Molecule, lifts ambient air quality, reduces the content of active oxygen atom;Simultaneously because which is natural minerals, while strengthen The rigidity of fiber, and improve the intensity of final products.
Natural diatom powder is natural mineral structure, and with loose porous structure, the fine and closely woven porous of its molecule, quality are hard Firmly.Any harmful material is not contained, while there is damping, breathing freely, dispel VOC (harmful gass such as formaldehyde, toluene), is purified Air, the function of antibacterial anti-mildew.As itself assumes mini porous structures, include the nanometer group of superpower oxidability, bear Ion powder and alkaline matter;The harmful substances such as harmful formaldehyde in air, toluene, ammonia, VOC can be effectively dispelled, and to its point Solution;Alkaline matter simultaneously in diatom powder and CO2 and acidic materials in air inhale neutralization reaction so that room air is more clear Newly;The penetrating structure of diatom powder, purifies the air of a room, effectively place to go foreign flavor indoors, improves living environment simultaneously.
Ginger extract is containing multiple elements beneficial to human body and material, by leaching of the natural powder body in extracting solution Stain, enables beneficial element and mineralogical composition deposition and absorption in natural powder body, so as to be fixed in mineral material, micro- The rare element of amount both as catalyst action, can promote the calcining of natural minerals composition, while after can also improving calcining The activity of mineralogical composition, for the far infrared transmission and anion function that lift material have very big effect.
Using the method for dry powder ball mill, natural mineral material is ground, is mineral in mineral material into filling Tap is touched and is replaced, it is to avoid later stage calcining difficulty, is reduced powder body reaction contact area, is improved level of activity in calcination process, Being fully contacted and replacing beneficial to mineralogical composition, makes mineralogical composition mutually adulterate, and improves surface activity, further lifts material Far infrared transmission effect and health-care effect.
Using the multistage process that progressively calcines, the fully calcined of powder body and activation is realized, is especially put beneficial to mineralogical composition The calcining for changing rear material produces the mineral powders of higher active far infrared transmission and anion emission function.
Using liquid nitrogen rapidly cooling technology, material is made rapidly to cool down, the active-energy in farthest can retaining, The portion of energy of high-temperature calcination is made to be converted to lasting far infrared and anion emission function crystal, while rapidly cooling can make Material internal stress is concentrated on a large scale, and crushes in material cooling procedure self-destruction, produce micropowder, it is to avoid needs are follow-up Crushing process again, and cause the transfer of far infrared and anion emission function in process of lapping, while in rapidly cooling procedure In, irregular mineral powder of the self-destruction crushing process generation with point effect, and the micro-nano tip of irregular mineral powder Effect has high surface activity, not only can absorb free radical, can bury in oblivion the living radical of human skin, spins Skin aging is knitted, while can also be catalyzed that the anion beneficial to human body is produced, and point effect can also be catalyzed formaldehyde etc. and have The degraded of evil gas;Point effect can be accumulated certain micro- electrostatic, be released by micro as the accumulation point of electrostatic simultaneously The electrostatic of concentration of local is put, the effect of acupuncture can be played, the cell of human body surface can be stimulated, promote the blood of human body surface Circulation, lifts blood of human body health, plays a role in health care.
(2) preparation of high-strength polyester master batch
The high intensity powder body prepared with step () and high-viscosity polyester slice as raw material, using melt blending Method, under 245~270 DEG C of melt temperatures, carries out extruding pelletization, prepares high-strength polyester master batch;
The intrinsic viscosity of described polyester slice with high viscosity is 0.8~0.9dL/g;
Mass fraction of the described high intensity powder body in high-strength polyester master batch is 5~20%;
High intensity powder body plays enhanced effect due to the items abnormity of itself during melt blending to melt, with When spinning process after carry out the stretching of high magnification numbe, improve the height-oriented effect of polymorphic structure, so as to the knot of reinforcing fiber itself Structure, reaches the purpose for improving fibre strength;
(3) preparation of fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn
Injected system before pump is added online using fused mass directly spinning, with the high-strength polyester master batch that step (two) is prepared is Raw material is injected before pump, and melt based on normal polyester melt makes high-strength polyester master batch melt and master by injected system before pump Melt is mixed, then through spinning front filtration, is entered into filament spinning component, carried out melt spinning, through ring wind quenching, oil, drawing-off, Winding obtains fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn;
The ratio of described high-strength polyester master batch and normal polyester is 1:5~1:10;
Described fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn spinning winding speed is 3800~4500 ms/min, ring blowing air Speed is 0.35~0.5 m/min, and ring blowing air tube length degree is 120~165 centimetres, and draw ratio is 2.2~3.5 times, winding Power is 29~35cN;
The online online interpolation modification that adds injected system before pump, jumbo polyester not only can be played, while Also meet small lot, the modification of multiple batches of product, simultaneously because the function melt of injection time of staying in pipeline is short, is therefore dropped Solution is few, and the impact to main molten body is relatively low, meets the modification of the spinning in later stage;
Compared with prior art, the positive effect of the present invention is:
High strength polyester filament yarn is used in industry due to excellent mechanical property, is had very on the decorating cloth such as home textile use High prospect, the application is by using high intensity powder body, come the mechanical property of reinforcing fiber, how the irregular powder structure of abnormity, leads to High activity and the adhesion effect at tip is crossed, the interaction with polyester macromolecule segment is improved, is realized in the strand of polyester Micro- crosslinked action of the powder body of interpolation in amorphous region, so that improve the mechanical strength of fiber itself;Simultaneously using online interpolation The processing technique of fused mass directly spinning, with low cost, efficiency high, quality stability are good, and batch controllability is strong, disclosure satisfy that big rule Mould, Large Copacity are multiple batches of, the spinning process requirements of many lot numbers, beneficial to industrialization and on a large scale with the modification of small batch with Prepare, make full use of production site, and R&D costs, reduce the R&D cycle, for the competitiveness of improving product and enterprise has There iss important and meaning.
Specific embodiment
A kind of specific embodiment of the manufacture method of fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn of the invention presented below.
Embodiment 1
A kind of manufacture method of fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn, which specifically comprises the steps of:
(1) preparation of high intensity powder body
With jade powder, powder of natural shell, natural diatom powder, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recenss leachate are raw material, first natural diatom powder, jade Powder, powder of natural shell are proportionally added in ball mill, using the method for dry powder ball mill, are ground and are prepared mixed mineral Powder body, makes jade powder, powder of natural shell and natural diatom powder sufficiently be mixed, and jade powder in process of lapping, day So into being fully contacted and replacing, after control to grind, the mean diameter of powder body is 15~20 to the mineral in conch meal and natural diatom powder Micron;Then mixed mineral powder body after grinding is immersed in Rhizoma Zingiberis Recenss leachate, dip time is 15~30 days, is then taken out certainly So dry, obtain pretreatment mixed mineral powder body, then pretreated mixed mineral powder body in nitrogen atmosphere, 800~900 High-temperature calcination under the conditions of DEG C, calcination time are 4~5h, are then improving temperature for 1500~1800 DEG C of 2~3h of calcining, are finally existing Carry out hurriedly calcining 15~20min under the conditions of 2200~2500 DEG C, after having calcined, take rapidly cooling down with liquid nitrogen as cooling source, 5~10s is cooled to room temperature and obtains high intensity powder body, then screens out the high intensity powder body that mean diameter is 0.2~5.0 micron.
The mass fraction of each raw material of described high intensity powder body is as follows:
During described dry ball milling, loading is 65~75%, and zirconium beadlet footpath is 3~5mm, and grinding rotating speed is 3000 ~4500rpm, 3~4h of milling time, control grinding temperature for 40~45 DEG C;
Jade powder, powder of natural shell and natural diatom powder are all very excellent natural minerals, and which is excellent remote The functions such as infrared emission, anion emission, physics magnetic therapy are used in the fields such as health care;Jade powder contains needed by human body Selenium, zinc, nickel, cobalt, manganese, magnesium, more than the 30 kinds of trace element beneficial to human body such as calcium, what which distributed start ripple and human body cell It is same fluctuation status to start ripple, and human body cell makes human body thin as the fluctuation given out from jade is empathized and resonates Born of the same parents' tissue is more vigourous, and promotes blood to follow bad, enhancing metabolism and enter to exclude bodily waste, to health and health care There is excellent effect;Powder of natural shell has excellent natural anima simultaneously, and with the formaldehyde isoreactivity in absorption air Molecule, lifts ambient air quality, reduces the content of active oxygen atom;Simultaneously because which is natural minerals, while strengthen The rigidity of fiber, and improve the intensity of final products.
Natural diatom powder is natural mineral structure, and with loose porous structure, the fine and closely woven porous of its molecule, quality are hard Firmly.Any harmful material is not contained, while there is damping, breathing freely, dispel VOC (harmful gass such as formaldehyde, toluene), is purified Air, the function of antibacterial anti-mildew.As itself assumes mini porous structures, include the nanometer group of superpower oxidability, bear Ion powder and alkaline matter;The harmful substances such as harmful formaldehyde in air, toluene, ammonia, VOC can be effectively dispelled, and to its point Solution;Alkaline matter simultaneously in diatom powder and CO2 and acidic materials in air inhale neutralization reaction so that room air is more clear Newly;The penetrating structure of diatom powder, purifies the air of a room, effectively place to go foreign flavor indoors, improves living environment simultaneously.
Ginger extract is containing multiple elements beneficial to human body and material, by leaching of the natural powder body in extracting solution Stain, enables beneficial element and mineralogical composition deposition and absorption in natural powder body, so as to be fixed in mineral material, micro- The rare element of amount both as catalyst action, can promote the calcining of natural minerals composition, while after can also improving calcining The activity of mineralogical composition, for the far infrared transmission and anion function that lift material have very big effect.
Using the method for dry powder ball mill, natural mineral material is ground, is mineral in mineral material into filling Tap is touched and is replaced, it is to avoid later stage calcining difficulty, is reduced powder body reaction contact area, is improved level of activity in calcination process, Being fully contacted and replacing beneficial to mineralogical composition, makes mineralogical composition mutually adulterate, and improves surface activity, further lifts material Far infrared transmission effect and health-care effect.
Using the multistage process that progressively calcines, the fully calcined of powder body and activation is realized, is especially put beneficial to mineralogical composition The calcining for changing rear material produces the mineral powders of higher active far infrared transmission and anion emission function.
Using liquid nitrogen rapidly cooling technology, material is made rapidly to cool down, the active-energy in farthest can retaining, The portion of energy of high-temperature calcination is made to be converted to lasting far infrared and anion emission function crystal, while rapidly cooling can make Material internal stress is concentrated on a large scale, and crushes in material cooling procedure self-destruction, produce micropowder, it is to avoid needs are follow-up Crushing process again, and cause the transfer of far infrared and anion emission function in process of lapping, while in rapidly cooling procedure In, irregular mineral powder of the self-destruction crushing process generation with point effect, and the micro-nano tip of irregular mineral powder Effect has high surface activity, not only can absorb free radical, can bury in oblivion the living radical of human skin, spins Skin aging is knitted, while can also be catalyzed that the anion beneficial to human body is produced, and point effect can also be catalyzed formaldehyde etc. and have The degraded of evil gas;Point effect can be accumulated certain micro- electrostatic, be released by micro as the accumulation point of electrostatic simultaneously The electrostatic of concentration of local is put, the effect of acupuncture can be played, the cell of human body surface can be stimulated, promote the blood of human body surface Circulation, lifts blood of human body health, plays a role in health care.
(2) preparation of high-strength polyester master batch
The high intensity powder body prepared with step () and high-viscosity polyester slice as raw material, using melt blending Method, under 245~270 DEG C of melt temperatures, carries out extruding pelletization, prepares high-strength polyester master batch.
The intrinsic viscosity of described polyester slice with high viscosity is 0.8~0.9dL/g.
Mass fraction of the described high intensity powder body in high-strength polyester master batch is 5%.
High intensity powder body plays enhanced effect due to the items abnormity of itself during melt blending to melt, with When spinning process after carry out the stretching of high magnification numbe, improve the height-oriented effect of polymorphic structure, so as to the knot of reinforcing fiber itself Structure, reaches the purpose for improving fibre strength.
(3) preparation of fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn
Injected system before pump is added online using fused mass directly spinning, with the high-strength polyester master batch that step (two) is prepared is Raw material is injected before pump, and melt based on normal polyester melt makes high-strength polyester master batch melt and master by injected system before pump Melt is mixed, then through spinning front filtration, is entered into filament spinning component, carried out melt spinning, through ring wind quenching, oil, drawing-off, Winding obtains fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn.
The ratio of described high-strength polyester master batch and normal polyester is 1:5.
Described fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn spinning winding speed is 3800~4500 ms/min, ring blowing air Speed is 0.35~0.5 m/min, and ring blowing air tube length degree is 120~165 centimetres, and draw ratio is 2.2~3.5 times, winding Power is 29~35cN.
Embodiment 2
A kind of manufacture method of fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn, which specifically comprises the steps of:
(1) preparation of high intensity powder body
With jade powder, powder of natural shell, natural diatom powder, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recenss leachate are raw material, first natural diatom powder, jade Powder, powder of natural shell are proportionally added in ball mill, using the method for dry powder ball mill, are ground and are prepared mixed mineral Powder body, makes jade powder, powder of natural shell and natural diatom powder sufficiently be mixed, and jade powder in process of lapping, day So into being fully contacted and replacing, after control to grind, the mean diameter of powder body is 15~20 to the mineral in conch meal and natural diatom powder Micron;Then mixed mineral powder body after grinding is immersed in Rhizoma Zingiberis Recenss leachate, dip time is 15~30 days, is then taken out certainly So dry, obtain pretreatment mixed mineral powder body, then pretreated mixed mineral powder body in nitrogen atmosphere, 800~900 High-temperature calcination under the conditions of DEG C, calcination time are 4~5h, are then improving temperature for 1500~1800 DEG C of 2~3h of calcining, are finally existing Carry out hurriedly calcining 15~20min under the conditions of 2200~2500 DEG C, after having calcined, take rapidly cooling down with liquid nitrogen as cooling source, 5~10s is cooled to room temperature and obtains high intensity powder body, then screens out the high intensity powder body that mean diameter is 0.2~5.0 micron.
The mass fraction of each raw material of described high intensity powder body is as follows:
During described dry ball milling, loading is 65~75%, and zirconium beadlet footpath is 3~5mm, and grinding rotating speed is 3000 ~4500rpm, 3~4h of milling time, control grinding temperature for 40~45 DEG C.
(2) preparation of high-strength polyester master batch
The high intensity powder body prepared with step () and high-viscosity polyester slice as raw material, using melt blending Method, under 245~270 DEG C of melt temperatures, carries out extruding pelletization, prepares high-strength polyester master batch.
The intrinsic viscosity of described polyester slice with high viscosity is 0.8~0.9dL/g.
Mass fraction of the described high intensity powder body in high-strength polyester master batch is 5~20%.
High intensity powder body plays enhanced effect due to the items abnormity of itself during melt blending to melt, with When spinning process after carry out the stretching of high magnification numbe, improve the height-oriented effect of polymorphic structure, so as to the knot of reinforcing fiber itself Structure, reaches the purpose for improving fibre strength.
(3) preparation of fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn
Injected system before pump is added online using fused mass directly spinning, with the high-strength polyester master batch that step (two) is prepared is Raw material is injected before pump, and melt based on normal polyester melt makes high-strength polyester master batch melt and master by injected system before pump Melt is mixed, then through spinning front filtration, is entered into filament spinning component, carried out melt spinning, through ring wind quenching, oil, drawing-off, Winding obtains fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn.
The ratio of described high-strength polyester master batch and normal polyester is 1:7.
Described fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn spinning winding speed is 3800~4500 ms/min, ring blowing air Speed is 0.35~0.5 m/min, and ring blowing air tube length degree is 120~165 centimetres, and draw ratio is 2.2~3.5 times, winding Power is 29~35cN.
Embodiment 3
A kind of manufacture method of fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn, which specifically comprises the steps of:
(1) preparation of high intensity powder body
With jade powder, powder of natural shell, natural diatom powder, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recenss leachate are raw material, first natural diatom powder, jade Powder, powder of natural shell are proportionally added in ball mill, using the method for dry powder ball mill, are ground and are prepared mixed mineral Powder body, makes jade powder, powder of natural shell and natural diatom powder sufficiently be mixed, and jade powder in process of lapping, day So into being fully contacted and replacing, after control to grind, the mean diameter of powder body is 15~20 to the mineral in conch meal and natural diatom powder Micron;Then mixed mineral powder body after grinding is immersed in Rhizoma Zingiberis Recenss leachate, dip time is 15~30 days, is then taken out certainly So dry, obtain pretreatment mixed mineral powder body, then pretreated mixed mineral powder body in nitrogen atmosphere, 800~900 High-temperature calcination under the conditions of DEG C, calcination time are 4~5h, are then improving temperature for 1500~1800 DEG C of 2~3h of calcining, are finally existing Carry out hurriedly calcining 15~20min under the conditions of 2200~2500 DEG C, after having calcined, take rapidly cooling down with liquid nitrogen as cooling source, 5~10s is cooled to room temperature and obtains high intensity powder body, then screens out the high intensity powder body that mean diameter is 0.2~5.0 micron.
The mass fraction of each raw material of described high intensity powder body is as follows:
During described dry ball milling, loading is 65~75%, and zirconium beadlet footpath is 3~5mm, and grinding rotating speed is 3000 ~4500rpm, 3~4h of milling time, control grinding temperature for 40~45 DEG C.
(2) preparation of high-strength polyester master batch
The high intensity powder body prepared with step () and high-viscosity polyester slice as raw material, using melt blending Method, under 245~270 DEG C of melt temperatures, carries out extruding pelletization, prepares high-strength polyester master batch.
The intrinsic viscosity of described polyester slice with high viscosity is 0.8~0.9dL/g.
Mass fraction of the described high intensity powder body in high-strength polyester master batch is 5~20%.
(3) preparation of fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn
Injected system before pump is added online using fused mass directly spinning, with the high-strength polyester master batch that step (two) is prepared is Raw material is injected before pump, and melt based on normal polyester melt makes high-strength polyester master batch melt and master by injected system before pump Melt is mixed, then through spinning front filtration, is entered into filament spinning component, carried out melt spinning, through ring wind quenching, oil, drawing-off, Winding obtains fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn;
The ratio of described high-strength polyester master batch and normal polyester is 1:10.
Described fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn spinning winding speed is 3800~4500 ms/min, ring blowing air Speed is 0.35~0.5 m/min, and ring blowing air tube length degree is 120~165 centimetres, and draw ratio is 2.2~3.5 times, winding Power is 29~35cN.
Embodiment 4
A kind of manufacture method of fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn, which specifically comprises the steps of:
(1) preparation of high intensity powder body
With jade powder, powder of natural shell, natural diatom powder, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recenss leachate are raw material, first natural diatom powder, jade Powder, powder of natural shell are proportionally added in ball mill, using the method for dry powder ball mill, are ground and are prepared mixed mineral Powder body, makes jade powder, powder of natural shell and natural diatom powder sufficiently be mixed, and jade powder in process of lapping, day So into being fully contacted and replacing, after control to grind, the mean diameter of powder body is 15~20 to the mineral in conch meal and natural diatom powder Micron;Then mixed mineral powder body after grinding is immersed in Rhizoma Zingiberis Recenss leachate, dip time is 15~30 days, is then taken out certainly So dry, obtain pretreatment mixed mineral powder body, then pretreated mixed mineral powder body in nitrogen atmosphere, 800~900 High-temperature calcination under the conditions of DEG C, calcination time are 4~5h, are then improving temperature for 1500~1800 DEG C of 2~3h of calcining, are finally existing Carry out hurriedly calcining 15~20min under the conditions of 2200~2500 DEG C, after having calcined, take rapidly cooling down with liquid nitrogen as cooling source, 5~10s is cooled to room temperature and obtains high intensity powder body, then screens out the high intensity powder body that mean diameter is 0.2~5.0 micron.
The mass fraction of each raw material of described high intensity powder body is as follows:
During described dry ball milling, loading is 65~75%, and zirconium beadlet footpath is 3~5mm, and grinding rotating speed is 3000 ~4500rpm, 3~4h of milling time, control grinding temperature for 40~45 DEG C.
(2) preparation of high-strength polyester master batch
The high intensity powder body prepared with step () and high-viscosity polyester slice as raw material, using melt blending Method, under 245~270 DEG C of melt temperatures, carries out extruding pelletization, prepares high-strength polyester master batch.
The intrinsic viscosity of described polyester slice with high viscosity is 0.8~0.9dL/g.
Mass fraction of the described high intensity powder body in high-strength polyester master batch is 15%.
(3) preparation of fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn
Injected system before pump is added online using fused mass directly spinning, with the high-strength polyester master batch that step (two) is prepared is Raw material is injected before pump, and melt based on normal polyester melt makes high-strength polyester master batch melt and master by injected system before pump Melt is mixed, then through spinning front filtration, is entered into filament spinning component, carried out melt spinning, through ring wind quenching, oil, drawing-off, Winding obtains fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn.
The ratio of described high-strength polyester master batch and normal polyester is 1:10.
Described fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn spinning winding speed is 3800~4500 ms/min, ring blowing air Speed is 0.35~0.5 m/min, and ring blowing air tube length degree is 120~165 centimetres, and draw ratio is 2.2~3.5 times, winding Power is 29~35cN.
Embodiment 5
A kind of manufacture method of fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn, which specifically comprises the steps of:
(1) preparation of high intensity powder body
With jade powder, powder of natural shell, natural diatom powder, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recenss leachate are raw material, first natural diatom powder, jade Powder, powder of natural shell are proportionally added in ball mill, using the method for dry powder ball mill, are ground and are prepared mixed mineral Powder body, makes jade powder, powder of natural shell and natural diatom powder sufficiently be mixed, and jade powder in process of lapping, day So into being fully contacted and replacing, after control to grind, the mean diameter of powder body is 15~20 to the mineral in conch meal and natural diatom powder Micron;Then mixed mineral powder body after grinding is immersed in Rhizoma Zingiberis Recenss leachate, dip time is 15~30 days, is then taken out certainly So dry, obtain pretreatment mixed mineral powder body, then pretreated mixed mineral powder body in nitrogen atmosphere, 800~900 High-temperature calcination under the conditions of DEG C, calcination time are 4~5h, are then improving temperature for 1500~1800 DEG C of 2~3h of calcining, are finally existing Carry out hurriedly calcining 15~20min under the conditions of 2200~2500 DEG C, after having calcined, take rapidly cooling down with liquid nitrogen as cooling source, 5~10s is cooled to room temperature and obtains high intensity powder body, then screens out the high intensity powder body that mean diameter is 0.2~5.0 micron.
The mass fraction of each raw material of described high intensity powder body is as follows:
During described dry ball milling, loading is 65~75%, and zirconium beadlet footpath is 3~5mm, and grinding rotating speed is 3000 ~4500rpm, 3~4h of milling time, control grinding temperature for 40~45 DEG C.
(2) preparation of high-strength polyester master batch
The high intensity powder body prepared with step () and high-viscosity polyester slice as raw material, using melt blending Method, under 245~270 DEG C of melt temperatures, carries out extruding pelletization, prepares high-strength polyester master batch.
The intrinsic viscosity of described polyester slice with high viscosity is 0.8~0.9dL/g.
Mass fraction of the described high intensity powder body in high-strength polyester master batch is 10%.
(3) preparation of fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn
Injected system before pump is added online using fused mass directly spinning, with the high-strength polyester master batch that step (two) is prepared is Raw material is injected before pump, and melt based on normal polyester melt makes high-strength polyester master batch melt and master by injected system before pump Melt is mixed, then through spinning front filtration, is entered into filament spinning component, carried out melt spinning, through ring wind quenching, oil, drawing-off, Winding obtains fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn.
The ratio of described high-strength polyester master batch and normal polyester is 1:8.
Described fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn spinning winding speed is 3800~4500 ms/min, ring blowing air Speed is 0.35~0.5 m/min, and ring blowing air tube length degree is 120~165 centimetres, and draw ratio is 2.2~3.5 times, winding Power is 29~35cN.
Embodiment 6
A kind of manufacture method of fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn, which specifically comprises the steps of:
(1) preparation of high intensity powder body
With jade powder, powder of natural shell, natural diatom powder, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recenss leachate are raw material, first natural diatom powder, jade Powder, powder of natural shell are proportionally added in ball mill, using the method for dry powder ball mill, are ground and are prepared mixed mineral Powder body, makes jade powder, powder of natural shell and natural diatom powder sufficiently be mixed, and jade powder in process of lapping, day So into being fully contacted and replacing, after control to grind, the mean diameter of powder body is 15~20 to the mineral in conch meal and natural diatom powder Micron;Then mixed mineral powder body after grinding is immersed in Rhizoma Zingiberis Recenss leachate, dip time is 15~30 days, is then taken out certainly So dry, obtain pretreatment mixed mineral powder body, then pretreated mixed mineral powder body in nitrogen atmosphere, 800~900 High-temperature calcination under the conditions of DEG C, calcination time are 4~5h, are then improving temperature for 1500~1800 DEG C of 2~3h of calcining, are finally existing Carry out hurriedly calcining 15~20min under the conditions of 2200~2500 DEG C, after having calcined, take rapidly cooling down with liquid nitrogen as cooling source, 5~10s is cooled to room temperature and obtains high intensity powder body, then screens out the high intensity powder body that mean diameter is 0.2~5.0 micron.
The mass fraction of each raw material of described high intensity powder body is as follows:
During described dry ball milling, loading is 65~75%, and zirconium beadlet footpath is 3~5mm, and grinding rotating speed is 3000 ~4500rpm, 3~4h of milling time, control grinding temperature for 40~45 DEG C.
(2) preparation of high-strength polyester master batch
The high intensity powder body prepared with step () and high-viscosity polyester slice as raw material, using melt blending Method, under 245~270 DEG C of melt temperatures, carries out extruding pelletization, prepares high-strength polyester master batch.
The intrinsic viscosity of described polyester slice with high viscosity is 0.8~0.9dL/g.
Mass fraction of the described high intensity powder body in high-strength polyester master batch is 16%.
(3) preparation of fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn
Injected system before pump is added online using fused mass directly spinning, with the high-strength polyester master batch that step (two) is prepared is Raw material is injected before pump, and melt based on normal polyester melt makes high-strength polyester master batch melt and master by injected system before pump Melt is mixed, then through spinning front filtration, is entered into filament spinning component, carried out melt spinning, through ring wind quenching, oil, drawing-off, Winding obtains fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn.
The ratio of described high-strength polyester master batch and normal polyester is 1:6.
Described fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn spinning winding speed is 3800~4500 ms/min, ring blowing air Speed is 0.35~0.5 m/min, and ring blowing air tube length degree is 120~165 centimetres, and draw ratio is 2.2~3.5 times, winding Power is 29~35cN.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for the ordinary skill people of the art Member, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, can also make some improvements and modifications, and these improvements and modifications also should be regarded as In protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of manufacture method of fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn, it is characterised in which specifically comprises the steps of:
(One)The preparation of high intensity powder body
The mass fraction of each raw material of described high intensity powder body is as follows:
Composition quality fraction
Jade powder 5~7.5%
Powder of natural shell 2.5~3%
Natural diatom powder 5~10%
Ginger extract surplus
The preparation of high intensity powder body:With jade powder, powder of natural shell, natural diatom powder, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recenss leachate are raw material, first natural Diatom powder, jade powder, powder of natural shell are proportionally added in ball mill, using the method for dry powder ball mill, are ground preparation Mixed mineral powder body is obtained, jade powder, powder of natural shell and natural diatom powder is sufficiently mixed, and in process of lapping , into being fully contacted and replacing, after control grinding, powder body is average for mineral in middle jade powder, powder of natural shell and natural diatom powder Particle diameter is 15~20 microns;Then mixed mineral powder body after grinding is immersed in Rhizoma Zingiberis Recenss leachate, dip time is 15~30 My god, then take out nature and dry, obtain pretreatment mixed mineral powder body, then pretreated mixed mineral powder body in nitrogen gas In atmosphere, high-temperature calcination under the conditions of 800~900 DEG C, calcination time are 4~5h, then forge for 1500~1800 DEG C in raising temperature 2~3h is burnt, finally carries out hurriedly calcining 15~20min under the conditions of 2200~2500 DEG C, with liquid nitrogen as cooling source after having calcined Take and rapidly cool down, room temperature is cooled in 5~10s and obtains high intensity powder body, then screen out mean diameter micro- for 0.2~5.0 The high intensity powder body of rice;
(Two)The preparation of high-strength polyester master batch
With step(One)The high intensity powder body for preparing and high-viscosity polyester slice are raw material, using the side of melt blending Method, under 245~270 DEG C of melt temperatures, carries out extruding pelletization, prepares high-strength polyester master batch;
(Three)The preparation of fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn
Injected system before pump is added online using fused mass directly spinning, with step(Two)Before the high-strength polyester master batch for preparing is pump Injection raw material, melt based on normal polyester melt make high-strength polyester master batch melt and main molten body by injected system before pump Mixed, then through spinning front filtration, enter into filament spinning component, carry out melt spinning, through ring wind quenching, oil, drawing-off, winding Obtain fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn.
2. a kind of manufacture method of fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described During dry ball milling, loading is 65~75%, and zirconium beadlet footpath is 3~5mm, and grinding rotating speed is 3000~4500rpm, during grinding Between 3~4h, control grinding temperature for 40~45 DEG C.
3. a kind of manufacture method of fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described Step(Two)In, the intrinsic viscosity of described polyester slice with high viscosity is 0.8~0.9 dL/g.
4. a kind of manufacture method of fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described Step(Two)In, the mass fraction of described high intensity powder body in high-strength polyester master batch is 5~20%.
5. a kind of manufacture method of fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described Step(Three)In, the ratio of described high-strength polyester master batch and normal polyester is 1:5~1:10.
6. a kind of manufacture method of fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described Step(Three)In, described fused mass directly spinning high strength polyester filament yarn spinning winding speed is 3800~4500 ms/min, and ring is dried Wind speed is 0.35~0.5 m/min, and ring blowing air tube length degree is 120~165 centimetres, and draw ratio is 2.2~3.5 times, winding Tension force is 29~35cN.
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