CN105834144A - Charging bin and photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment provided with same - Google Patents

Charging bin and photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment provided with same Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105834144A
CN105834144A CN201610320310.0A CN201610320310A CN105834144A CN 105834144 A CN105834144 A CN 105834144A CN 201610320310 A CN201610320310 A CN 201610320310A CN 105834144 A CN105834144 A CN 105834144A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
charging
photovoltaic panel
column
extensible
cleaning
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610320310.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105834144B (en
Inventor
王观宇
张经功
钱志宏
Original Assignee
北京中电博顺智能设备技术有限公司
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Application filed by 北京中电博顺智能设备技术有限公司 filed Critical 北京中电博顺智能设备技术有限公司
Priority to CN201610320310.0A priority Critical patent/CN105834144B/en
Publication of CN105834144A publication Critical patent/CN105834144A/en
Priority claimed from US15/448,513 external-priority patent/US10050582B2/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105834144B publication Critical patent/CN105834144B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/04Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members using rotary operative members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/001Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members characterised by the type of cleaning tool
    • B08B1/002Brushes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B13/00Accessories or details of general applicability for machines or apparatus for cleaning
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/02Cleaning by the force of jets or sprays
    • B08B3/024Cleaning by means of spray elements moving over the surface to be cleaned
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/10Cleaning arrangements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The invention discloses a charging bin and photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment provided with same. The charging bin comprises a charging stop frame and a telescopic supporting frame, wherein the charging stop frame is used for stopping a body and charging the body; the telescopic supporting frame is used for supporting the charging stop frame; and by regulating the angle of the charging stop frame, the charging stop frame and a to-be-cleaned photovoltaic panel are on the same plane. Compared with the prior art, the charging bin and the photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment provided with same provided by the invention only need to put the charging bin to one end of a photovoltaic panel array; when the body is charged, the body is only needed to be moved onto the charging bin for being charged, so that the body is not needed to be moved off from the photovoltaic panel. Besides, the body further can clean a solar photovoltaic panel on the charging bin.

Description

A kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment charging storehouse and there is this charging storehouse
Technical field
The present invention relates to solar energy generation technology field, a kind of photovoltaic charging storehouse and there is this charging storehouse Plate cleaning equipment.
Background technology
Along with the development in an all-round way of global industry, the demand of the energy is drastically expanded by every country industry-by-industry, Energy demand number have become as weigh a country Economic Development Status standard.Regenerative resource Mainly having water energy, solar energy, wind energy, geothermal energy, biomass energy equal energy source situation, the feature of its maximum is tool Having self-recovery ability, in use, regenerative resource can obtain from nature people continuously To supplementing, it is the inexhaustible energy.Through research and the demonstration of scholar, people generally recognize It is to solve energy crisis and the most effective and feasible energy source type of environmental pollution for solar energy and wind energy, is new generation Record most important energy source type.Especially solar energy is increasingly paid close attention to by people with the advantage of its uniqueness, because of Inexhaustible for solar energy, renewable;Application of Solar Energy region is extensive;Solar energy cleans, nothing Pollute;Solar electrical energy generation does not has moving component, is hardly damaged, and safeguards simple.
Various countries start to put into substantial contribution and build solar photo-voltaic power generation station, and solar energy photovoltaic panel is photo-voltaic power generation station The root that electric energy produces, the generating efficiency of photovoltaic panel directly decides the generated energy of solar power plant.Photovoltaic panel It is the biggest whether surface cleans the impact of the generated energy on solar power plant.More build more along with solar photo-voltaic power generation station Many, need the photovoltaic panel cleaned to increase severely the most therewith, how photovoltaic panel can be carried out rapid cleaning and can also protect Card cleaning effect has become each photovoltaic generation enterprise urgent need to solve the problem.During the charging of existing cleaning equipment, need Equipment taken down from photovoltaic panel and to be charged, it has not been convenient to, affect cleaning efficiency.
In view of drawbacks described above, creator of the present invention obtains the present invention finally through research for a long time and practice.
Summary of the invention
For solving above-mentioned technological deficiency, the invention provides a kind of storehouse and to have the photovoltaic panel in this charging storehouse clear of charging Wash equipment.
On the one hand the technical solution used in the present invention is, provides one charging storehouse, it include charging parking bracket and Telescopic support;Described charging parking bracket, is used for stopping body and to described bulk charging;Described scalable Bracing frame, is used for supporting described charging parking bracket, by adjust described charging parking bracket angle, make described in fill Electricity parking bracket is in same plane with photovoltaic panel to be cleaned.
It is also preferred that the left described charging parking bracket includes charging part and stop portion, described charging part is provided with for The solar energy photovoltaic panel of this bulk charging;Described stop portion is used for stopping body.
It is also preferred that the left the back of described charging part is provided with optical-electrical converter and energy storage, described opto-electronic conversion Device for being converted to electric energy by solar energy, and described energy storage is for storing electric energy.
It is also preferred that the left described Telescopic support is comprising: symmetrically arranged two the first extensible members, be symmetrical arranged Two the second extensible members and symmetrically arranged two the 3rd extensible members;Described symmetrically arranged two first are stretched Part upper end is rotationally connected with one end of described charging parking bracket;Described symmetrically arranged two the 3rd extensible members and institute State the fixing connection of the other end of charging parking bracket;Described symmetrically arranged two the second extensible members are fixedly mounted on institute State the middle part of charging parking bracket.
It is also preferred that the left described first extensible member, the second extensible member and the 3rd extensible member all include: sleeve pipe and expansion link, Arrange on described sleeve pipe described in some through holes, expansion link arranges some screwed holes, by screw through different Through hole and screwed hole realize the flexible connection between described expansion link and sleeve pipe.
It is also preferred that the left described first extensible member, the second extensible member and the 3rd extensible member are provided with universal wheel.
It is also preferred that the left be detachably provided with self-charging terminal in described stop portion.
It is also preferred that the left before body rests in stop portion, first pass through described charging part, it is possible to in described charging part Solar energy photovoltaic panel is carried out.
Another aspect provides a kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment, and it includes described charging storehouse.
It is also preferred that the left described photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment also includes that barrier getting over mechanism, described body also include telescoping mechanism, The described telescoping mechanism described barrier getting over mechanism of cooperation realizes described body and moves to another from a photovoltaic panel array Photovoltaic panel array;Described barrier getting over mechanism includes movable stand and fixed mount, and described fixed mount arranges locking device, Being provided with locating part on described movable stand, described locking device coordinates described locating part to be locked at by described movable stand On described fixed mount;
Described locking device includes: base plate, locking bail, rotation urging part, return unit, the first column, second Column, the 3rd column, the 4th column and stay cord;Described base plate is fixed on the upper of described fixed mount;Described base plate On be provided with fixing post, described locking bail is rotationally connected with described fixing post;Described rotation urging part and described lock One end of tight hook connects, and described locking bail can outwards be pulled open under the effect of external force by described rotation urging part, from And described locating part is unlocked;Described return unit is arranged on the connection of described rotation urging part and described locking bail Place, when the external force acting on described rotation urging part disappears, described return unit makes described locking bail set back; Described first column and the 4th column are positioned at the two ends of described base plate, and described second column and the 3rd column are positioned at institute State between the first column and the 4th column;It is one high and one low that described first column and the 4th column are equipped with two positions Vertical pulley;It is equipped with a horizontal trolley on described second column and the 3rd column;Described stay cord is wound around institute It is connected with described rotation urging part after stating vertical pulley and horizontal trolley.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows: a kind of charging storehouse that the present invention provides and there is this The photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment in charging storehouse, only need to be put into one end of photovoltaic panel array by charging storehouse, and body is charged Time, only need to move to body just can charge on this charging storehouse, it is not necessary to moved from photovoltaic panel by body. It addition, the solar energy photovoltaic panel on charging storehouse can also be carried out by body.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the functional block diagram of a kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of rack for cleaning;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the single connecting rod of rack for cleaning;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of wiper mechanism;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of row brush;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of water injector;
Fig. 7 is travel mechanism's structural representation;
Fig. 8 is the structural representation that self-locking mechanism is arranged in travel mechanism;
Fig. 9 is the structural representation that straightening mechanism is arranged on rack for cleaning;
Figure 10 is to correct the angle schematic diagram between guide wheel and driving wheel;
Figure 11 is the structural representation that a kind of escapement is arranged on rack for cleaning;
Figure 12 is the structural representation that another kind of escapement is arranged on rack for cleaning;
Figure 13 is the structural representation after dynamic temperature measurement mechanism is arranged on rack for cleaning;
Figure 14 is the stereogram of charging connector;
Figure 15 is the side view of charging connector;
Figure 16 is the structural representation in charging storehouse;
Figure 17 is the structural blast schematic diagram of self-charging terminal;
Figure 18 is the functional block diagram of another photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment of the present invention;
Figure 19 is the structural representation that telescoping mechanism is arranged on rack for cleaning;
Figure 20 is the structural representation of barrier getting over mechanism;
Figure 21 is the magnified partial view of barrier getting over mechanism.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, to the present invention, above-mentioned and other technical characteristic and advantage are described in more detail. Embodiment one
As it is shown in figure 1, be the functional block diagram of a kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment disclosed by the invention, this photovoltaic panel is clear The equipment of washing includes: body, charging storehouse 11 and exterior terminal 12.Body includes: rack for cleaning 1, central authorities control Device 2, wiper mechanism 3, travel mechanism 4, self-locking mechanism 5, straightening mechanism 6, escapement 7, dynamically survey Temperature mechanism 8, power module 9 and communication module 10.Wherein, central controller 2, wiper mechanism 3, movement Mechanism 4, self-locking mechanism 5, straightening mechanism 6, escapement 7, dynamic temperature measurement mechanism 8, power module 9 and Communication module 10 is arranged on rack for cleaning 1.Wiper mechanism 3 is connected with central controller 2, for light Volt plate is carried out.Travel mechanism 4 is connected with central controller 2, is used for making body steadily move in photovoltaic panel Dynamic.Self-locking mechanism 5 coordinates with travel mechanism 4, constant motion when being used for enabling body to move in photovoltaic panel, During stopping, moment is static.Straightening mechanism 6, is used for when body tilts by again putting down in photovoltaic panel after correcting Steady mobile.Escapement 7, is used for preventing body from dropping from photovoltaic panel.Dynamic temperature measurement mechanism 8 and central authorities' control Device 2 processed connects, for the temperature of the cleaned photovoltaic panel of kinetic measurement body.Charging storehouse 11, for body Charge and supply it to stop.Power module 9 is connected with each consuming parts in body, for supplying for each consuming parts Electricity.Communication module 10 is connected with central controller 2, be used for realizing exterior terminal 12 and central controller 2 it Between data interaction.Exterior terminal 12, for realizing the long-range control of body.
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, Fig. 2 is the structural representation of rack for cleaning, and Fig. 3 is the single connecting rod of rack for cleaning Structural representation.Rack for cleaning 1 includes: head rod the 101, second connecting rod the 102, the 3rd connecting rod 103 and the 4th connecting rod 104.This head rod the 101, second connecting rod the 102, the 3rd connecting rod 103 and 4th connecting rod 104 forms a framework, and preferably this framework is rectangular frame, so can reduce the body of body Long-pending, improve its flexibility.Preferably, the area of this rack for cleaning 1 is usually the 75% of one piece of photovoltaic panel area, So can either ensure the cleaning performance of photovoltaic panel, the weight being unlikely to again to increase body is avoided damaging photovoltaic panel by pressure. Head rod 101 and the 3rd connecting rod 103 are as the minor face of rectangular frame, the second connecting rod 102 and the 4th Connecting rod 104 is as the long limit of rectangular frame.Head rod the 101, second connecting rod the 102, the 3rd connects Bar 103 and the 4th connecting rod 104 all use aluminium, so can alleviate the weight of body.Rack for cleaning each Four sides of individual connecting rod are both provided with chute 105, use the form of chute, it is possible to achieve facilitate body to increase Add or reduce other functional parts.The inside of each connecting rod is provided with some runs through the hollow of whole connecting rod Through hole 106, it is preferred that the quantity of hollow bore 106 is five, so can alleviate the weight of body further, Body is avoided to damage photovoltaic panel by pressure.
One end of second connecting rod 102 is solid with one end of head rod 101 by the first T-shaped connecting plate 107 Fixed connection, the other end is connected by the second T-shaped connecting plate 108 is fixing with one end of the 3rd connecting rod 103;The One end of four connecting rods 104 is fixing even by the other end of the 3rd T-shaped connecting plate 109 and the 3rd connecting rod 103 Connecing, the other end is connected by the 4th T-shaped connecting plate 1010 is fixing with the other end of head rod 101;Respectively Individual connecting rod made by the connected mode that T-shaped connecting plate connects between each connecting rod in rack for cleaning realize can Dismounting connects such that it is able to be adjusted the size of rack for cleaning according to the model of photovoltaic panel, so that this physical efficiency Enough adapt to the photovoltaic panel of different model, easy to assembly.Owing to photovoltaic panel to be cleaned typically all installs ground with it At an angle, say, that when body moves in photovoltaic panel, also it is with ground at an angle, thus existing Photovoltaic panel is referred to as away from the one end on ground the upper edge of photovoltaic panel, is referred to as under photovoltaic panel near the one end on ground Edge, when body is arranged in photovoltaic panel, the head rod 101 of rack for cleaning 1 near the upper edge of photovoltaic panel, 3rd connecting rod 103 is near the lower edge of photovoltaic panel.
As shown in Figure 4, for the structural representation of wiper mechanism, wiper mechanism 3 includes: rack for cleaning, cleaning part, Cleaning item and cleaning part power unit.Cleaning part is for peeling away the attachment in photovoltaic panel, and cleaning item is used for Being cleaned out by the attachment peeled away, cleaning part power unit is for providing power to cleaning part.Cleaning part is with clear Sweep part and be detachable connection, the most readily replaceable and maintenance with the annexation of rack for cleaning.Pass through cleaning part Cooperation with cleaning item, it is possible to the effective cleaning performance improving photovoltaic panel.
Cleaning part includes: the first coaxially connected round brush 301 and the second round brush 302.In cleaning process, the One round brush 301 and the second round brush 302 rotate simultaneously.Rack for cleaning also includes the 5th connecting rod 1011, and the 5th even One end of extension bar 1011 is connected by the 5th T-shaped connecting plate 1012 is fixing with the second connecting rod 102, the other end It is connected by the 6th T-shaped connecting plate 1013 is fixing with the 4th connecting rod 104.One end of first round brush 301 can Being arranged on head rod 101 of dismounting, the other end is detachably arranged in the 5th connecting rod 1011. One end of second round brush 302 is detachably arranged in the 3rd connecting rod 103, and the other end is detachably arranged in In 5th connecting rod 1011.Certainly, cleaning part be not limited to by the first round brush 301 and the second round brush 302 this Two round brush compositions, the quantity of round brush can be adjusted according to the actual requirements, such as, when photovoltaic panel to be cleaned Width bigger time, the quantity of round brush can be further added by.
Cleaning item includes: two the first row brushes 303 and two the second row brushes 304.Two the first row brushes 303 are equal Being detachably arranged in the second connecting rod 102, two the second row brushes 304 are all detachably arranged in the 4th even On extension bar 104.The structure of each row brush is identical, as it is shown in figure 5, be the structural representation of row brush, each Row brush all includes: row brush frame 305 and bristle 306, row brush frame 305 is provided with installing hole 3051, passes through spiral shell Row brush frame 305 is fixed in connecting rod by nail through installing hole 3051, and bristle 306 one end is fixed on row brush frame In bristle groove 3052 on 305, it is preferred that in bristle groove 3052, bristle 306 is fixed by filling adhesive On row brush frame 305, so, during cleaning, it becomes possible to effectively prevent bristle from dropping, extend clear Sweep the service life of part.Owing between cleaning item and rack for cleaning being dismountable connected mode, conveniently change at any time Cleaning item.Preferably, bristle 306 uses nylon, uses nylon directly to be existed by bristle 306 Melting And Solidification In bristle groove 3052, so there is no need to use binding agent, reduce cost.Certainly, cleaning item is not limited to Being made up of two the first row brushes 303 and two the second row brushes 304, the quantity of row brush can be carried out according to the actual requirements Adjust, when the width of photovoltaic panel to be cleaned is bigger, the quantity of row brush can be further added by.
Cleaning part power unit includes: round brush motor 307, and this round brush motor 307 is installed on head rod 101 On, the most also may be installed in the 3rd connecting rod 103, and be connected with central controller 2, controlled by central authorities Device 2 processed just can control this round brush motor 307 and work, thus controls cleaning part and rotate.Cleaning part power unit Also including: self-locking device, this self-locking device is between round brush motor 307 and cleaning part, when round brush motor 307 During shutdown, it is possible to make cleaning part moment stop operating, thus prevent cleaning part from dallying, reduce cleaning part and photovoltaic Abrasion unnecessary between plate, is also avoided that foreign material are wound around simultaneously.
Self-locking device includes: worm gear and worm screw.The power output shaft of round brush motor 307 is connected with worm screw, worm screw Being connected with worm gear, worm gear is coaxially connected with the first round brush 301 of cleaning part.When being rolled by central controller controls When brush motor 307 works, the power output shaft of round brush motor 307 drives worm screw to rotate, and worm screw drives worm gear to turn Dynamic, worm gear drives the first round brush 301 to rotate, and the second round brush 302 also rotates with the first round brush 301 simultaneously, the Bristle on one round brush 301 and the second round brush 302 and photovoltaic panel plate face Rapid contact, thus will be attached to photovoltaic Attachment on plate plate face is peeled away, and the attachment peeled away is swept by the first row brush 303 and the second row brush 304 again Fall, at the end of cleaning, quit work by central controller controls round brush motor 307, due to can only be by worm screw Drive worm gear, and worm screw can not be driven by worm gear, so round brush motor 307 quits work, the first round brush 301 Can stop operating moment with the second round brush 302.
The comparison that attachment in photovoltaic panel and plate face adhere to sometimes is tight, utilizes merely cleaning part to be difficult to make attached Thing to peel away from photovoltaic panel plate face.Wiper mechanism on the body of photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment of the present invention also includes spray Water device.Water can be sprayed in photovoltaic panel and drench attachment by this water injector, simultaneously works as entering photovoltaic panel The effect of row cooling.
As shown in Figure 6, for the structural representation of water injector, this water injector includes: sparge pipe 308 and storage Water tank 309.Sparge pipe 308 connects with storage tank 309.Sparge pipe 308 is detachably arranged on cleaning item, Some nozzles 3081 for atomized water spraying are set on it.Storage tank 309 is detachably arranged in rack for cleaning 1 On, hydraulic pamp 3091 is installed in it, this hydraulic pamp 3091 is connected with sparge pipe 308, it is possible to by storage tank Water in 309 pumps in sparge pipe 308.Hydraulic pamp 3091 is connected with central controller 2.By central authorities' control Device 2 can control hydraulic pamp 3091 startup at any time and close down, thus controls hydraulic pamp 3091 as required to photovoltaic Plate carries out spraying-rinsing.The atomized water of nozzle 3081 ejection large area can drench photovoltaic panel, can save water, Cleaning effect can be improved again.Further, since the atomized water of nozzle 3081 ejection can carry out big face to photovoltaic panel Long-pending covering, the water in photovoltaic panel can evaporate after the irradiation of sunlight, can take away in photovoltaic panel in evaporation process Heat make photovoltaic panel lower the temperature, thus improve the generating efficiency of photovoltaic panel.
In order to the situation of the water yield in knowing storage tank 309 accurately, in storage tank 309, it is additionally provided with water Amount detection warning device 3010, just sends out when water yield detection warning device 3010 detects storage tank 309 lack of water Go out warning message, notify that user carries out moisturizing operation to storage tank 309.User is to storage tank 309 for convenience Moisturizing, this water injector also includes water aspirator 3011, it is preferred that this water aspirator is arranged on storage tank 309, When water yield detection warning device 3010 alert, user is rapid by central controller controls body Move to the water tank at dry point, in the water tank of peripheral hardware, water is added to storage tank by this water aspirator 3011 In 309.Body so can be made to be in optimal cleaning condition all the time.This water injector also includes distance record Unit, this distance record unit is connected with water yield detection warning device and central controller respectively, when the water yield detects When warning device detects storage tank 309 lack of water, this distance record unit is able to record that body moves from lack of water point To the range data of dry point, after water intaking terminates, central controller controls body according to this range data and moves To the position of lack of water point, then control wiper mechanism and continued remaining cleaning.
As it is shown in fig. 7, be travel mechanism's structural representation.Travel mechanism includes: the walking of rack for cleaning, plane is single Unit and side walking unit.It is following that plane walking unit is positioned at rack for cleaning, and side walking unit is positioned at rack for cleaning Side.When body moves in photovoltaic panel, plane walking unit contacts with the plate face of photovoltaic panel, and side walking is single Unit and the contacts side surfaces on edge in photovoltaic panel, also can play and prevent body from dropping from photovoltaic panel.
Plane walking unit includes: first driving wheel the 401, first driving motor the 4001, second driving wheel 402, Second drives motor the 4002, first driven pulley 403 and the second driven pulley 404.First driving wheel 401 is detachable Be arranged on head rod 101 and the junction of the 4th connecting rod 104, the second driving wheel 402 is dismountable Being arranged on the 3rd connecting rod 103 and the junction of the second connecting rod 102, the i.e. first driving wheel 401 and second drives On the driving wheel 402 diagonal being arranged on rack for cleaning 1 in diagonal angle.So, go forward in photovoltaic panel when body When entering or retreat, the thrust being subject to is uniform, it is possible to make the movement that body is stable in photovoltaic panel.First Driven pulley 403 is detachably arranged in head rod 101 and the junction of the second connecting rod 102, second from Driving wheel 404 is detachably arranged in the 4th connecting rod 104 and the junction of the 3rd connecting rod 103, i.e. the two Driven pulley is on another diagonal being arranged on rack for cleaning 1 at diagonal angle.It is of course also possible to by the first driving wheel 401 and second driving wheel 402 be arranged on one side, it is also possible to by the first driven pulley 403 and the second driven pulley 404 In one or all change driving wheel into.
Plane walking unit also includes: the 3rd driven pulley 407 and the 4th driven pulley 408, the 3rd driven pulley 407 It is detachably arranged in the 5th connecting rod 1011 and the junction of the second connecting rod 102, the 4th driven pulley 408 It is detachably arranged in the 5th connecting rod 1011 and the junction of the 4th connecting rod 104.So can disperse this The body pressure to photovoltaic panel, thus photovoltaic panel is caused wound by the both sides avoiding body that pressure concentrates on photovoltaic panel Evil.First driving wheel the 401, second driven pulley 404 and the 4th driven pulley 408 are by first round axostylus axostyle 410 even Connecing, first round axostylus axostyle 409 two ends are provided with the first shaft coupling 4100.Second driving wheel 402, first is driven Wheel 403 and the 3rd driven pulley 407 are connected by the second axle rod 420, and the second axle rod 420 two ends are respectively provided with There is the second shaft coupling 4200.By arranging axle rod, it is possible to increase the stability of this running body.First drives electricity Machine 4001 drives the first driving wheel 401 to rotate, drive first round axostylus axostyle 410 rotate, and then drive second from Driving wheel 404 and the 4th driven pulley 408 rotate.Second drives motor 4002 to drive the second driving wheel 402 to rotate, Drive the second axle rod 420 to rotate, and then drive the first driven pulley 403 and the 3rd driven pulley 407 to rotate.
Side walking unit includes: the 3rd driving wheel the 405, the 3rd drives motor the 4005, the 4th driving wheel 406 Motor 4006 is driven with the 4th.3rd driving wheel 405 and the 4th driving wheel 404 are all detachably arranged in first In connecting rod 101.First drives motor 4001, second to drive motor the 4002, the 3rd to drive motor 4005 and 4th drives motor 4006 to be all connected with central controller 2, just can control above-mentioned driving by central controller 2 The duty of dynamic motor, thus control body and move back and forth in photovoltaic panel.
Shown in Fig. 8, the structural representation being arranged in travel mechanism for self-locking mechanism.Self-locking mechanism includes arranging In plane walking unit: first from lock unit 501 and second from lock unit 502.First from lock unit 501 It is arranged between the first driving motor 4001 and the first driving wheel 401, for realizing the first driving wheel 401 Self-locking;Second is arranged between the second driving motor 4002 and the second driving wheel 402 from lock unit 502, uses In the self-locking realizing the second driving wheel 402.
First includes from lock unit 501: worm gear and worm screw, first drive motor 4001 power output shaft with Worm screw connects, and worm and wheel connects, and worm gear and the first driving wheel 401 are coaxially connected, pass through central controller 2 control the first driving motor 4001 works, and first drives the power output shaft of motor 4001 to drive worm screw to rotate, Worm screw drives worm gear wheel, and worm gear drives the first driving wheel 401 to rotate;When first drives motor 4001 to stop During work, owing to worm gear can only be driven by worm screw, and worm screw can not be driven by worm gear, so first drives motor 4001 1 quit work, and the first driving wheel 401 stops operating the most therewith, thus realize the first driving wheel 401 Self-locking.
Second includes from lock unit 502: worm gear and worm screw, second drive motor 4002 power output shaft with Worm screw connects, and worm and wheel connects, and worm gear and the second driving wheel 402 are coaxially connected, pass through central controller 2 control the second driving motor 4002 works, and second drives the power output shaft of motor 4002 to drive worm screw to rotate, Worm screw drives worm gear wheel, and worm gear drives driving wheel to rotate;When second drives motor 4002 to quit work, Owing to worm gear can only be driven by worm screw, and worm screw can not be driven by worm gear, so second drives motor 4,002 1 Quitting work, the second driving wheel 402 stops operating the most therewith, thus realizes the self-locking of the second driving wheel 402.
Self-locking mechanism also includes being arranged in side walking unit: the 3rd from lock unit 503 and the 4th self-locking list Unit 504.3rd is arranged between the 3rd driving motor 4005 and the 3rd driving wheel 405 from lock unit 503, uses In the self-locking realizing the 3rd driving wheel 405;Four selfs lock unit 504 is arranged on the 4th driving motor 4006 He Between 4th driving wheel 406, for realizing the self-locking of the 4th driving wheel 406.
3rd includes from lock unit 503: worm gear and worm screw, the 3rd drive motor 4005 power output shaft with Worm screw connects, and worm and wheel connects, and worm gear and the 3rd driving wheel 405 are coaxially connected, pass through central controller 2 control the 3rd driving motor 4005 works, and the 3rd drives the power output shaft of motor 4005 to drive worm screw to rotate, Worm screw drives worm gear wheel, and worm gear drives the 3rd driving wheel 405 to rotate;When the 3rd drives motor 4005 to stop During work, owing to worm gear can only be driven by worm screw, and worm screw can not be driven by worm gear, so the 3rd drives motor 4005 1 quit work, and the 3rd driving wheel 405 stops operating the most therewith, thus realize the 3rd driving wheel 405 Self-locking.
Four selfs lock unit 504 includes: worm gear and worm screw, the 4th drive motor 4006 power output shaft with Worm screw connects, and worm and wheel connects, and worm gear and the 4th driving wheel 406 are coaxially connected, pass through central controller 2 control the 4th driving motor 4006 works, and the 4th drives the power output shaft of motor 4006 to drive worm screw to rotate, Worm screw drives worm gear wheel, and worm gear drives driving wheel to rotate;When the 4th drives motor 4006 to quit work, Owing to worm gear can only be driven by worm screw, and worm screw can not be driven by worm gear, so the 4th drives motor 4,006 1 Quitting work, the 4th driving wheel 406 stops operating the most therewith, thus realizes the self-locking of the 4th driving wheel 406.
Worm and gear in self-locking mechanism 5 can make body with constant speed drive in photovoltaic panel, thus ensures light The cleaning performance of volt plate.It addition, self-locking mechanism can also make body moment stop in photovoltaic panel, thus avoid Due to inertia, the body is made to go out photovoltaic panel, and when body rests in acclive photovoltaic panel, it is possible to keep away Exempt from body due to Action of Gravity Field landing.
May there are, due to the reason installing ground, the feelings that level is uneven due to the photovoltaic panel in photovoltaic panel array Condition, or when the power of body is uneven, when body can be caused to clean on photovoltaic panel array, run-off the straight is even Rock, so that body can not steadily move, so can reduce the cleaning performance of photovoltaic panel.Therefore body also wraps Include straightening mechanism 6.As it is shown in figure 9, be arranged on the structural representation on rack for cleaning 1 for straightening mechanism 6.Rectify Positive mechanism 6 includes: first corrects guide wheel 601 and second corrects guide wheel 602.First corrects guide wheel 601 and the Two correct guide wheel 602 is all detachably arranged in the 3rd connecting rod.As shown in Figure 10, for correct guide wheel with Angle schematic diagram between driving wheel, first corrects guide wheel 601 and the 3rd driving wheel 405 exists angle a, 0 ° < a≤5 °;There is angle b in the second rectification guide wheel 602 and the 4th driving wheel 406,0 ° of < b≤5 °;Preferably , the angle of angle a is identical with the angle of angle b.Owing to first corrects guide wheel 601 and the 3rd driving wheel 405 There is angle a, there is angle b in the second rectification guide wheel 602 and the 4th driving wheel 406, therefore, when body is at light On volt plate during not run-off the straight, first corrects guide wheel 601 and second corrects guide wheel 602 not in contact with under photovoltaic panel The side on edge, only when body run-off the straight in photovoltaic panel, and angle c tilted reaches 0 ° of < c When≤5 °, first corrects guide wheel 601 just can contact the side on edge under photovoltaic panel with the second rectification guide wheel 602, So that body steadily can move in photovoltaic panel, do not shake.
Photovoltaic panel the most to be cleaned may be close to vertical with the angle on ground, and now body is in photovoltaic panel Time mobile, may drop from photovoltaic panel.Body also includes escapement 7.It is detachably arranged in clearly Wash on frame 1, be used for preventing body from dropping from photovoltaic panel.
As shown in figure 11, the structural representation being arranged on rack for cleaning for a kind of escapement.Escapement bag Include: the first hook and the second hook.Certainly, escapement can also use a hook.First hook and the Two hooks are all detachably arranged on head rod 101.First hook and the second hook all include: fixing Portion 701 and anti-delinking part 702, fixed part 701 is used for being fixed by screws in rack for cleaning 1, anti-delinking part 702 For clasping photovoltaic panel.Preferably, fixed part 701 and anti-delinking part 702 are mutually connected vertically, the i.e. first hook It is L-shaped structure with the second hook.When body is the most mobile in photovoltaic panel, the first hook and second is linked up with Anti-delinking part 702 does not contact photovoltaic panel.Preferably, the first hook and the second hook are detachably arranged in rolling respectively The both sides of brush motor 307, so make in photovoltaic panel when body hangs over, it is possible to dispersion body is to edge in photovoltaic panel Pressure, prevents from damaging photovoltaic panel.
As shown in figure 12, the structural representation being arranged on rack for cleaning for another kind of escapement, this anti-off line Hook in structure is with Figure 11 difference: the first hook and second is linked up with and vertically set on respective fixed part It is equipped with some through holes 703, is tightened with rack for cleaning in inserting different through holes by screw, it becomes possible to realize hanging The anti-delinking part 702 of hook and the adjustment of the spacing of rack for cleaning, so that escapement can preferably adapt to different thick The photovoltaic panel of degree.
Solar energy power generating factory has the photovoltaic panel array of substantial amounts, during running, and some photovoltaic Whether plate can damage unavoidably, damage if, with manual observation block photovoltaic panel, waste time and energy.Therefore the application Body includes: dynamic temperature measurement mechanism, and it is arranged on rack for cleaning, the temperature in kinetic measurement photovoltaic panel with And measure body position in photovoltaic panel.
As shown in figure 13, it is arranged on the structural representation after rack for cleaning for dynamic temperature measurement mechanism.Dynamic temperature measurement machine Structure 8 includes: temp probe 801, probe mobile device and position-measurement device 802.Temp probe 801 is used In the temperature obtained in photovoltaic panel and temperature data to be transferred to central controller 2, it is preferred that use wireless biography Defeated mode is transmitted.Probe mobile device is used for driving temp probe 801 to move in photovoltaic panel.Position measurement fills Put 802 for obtaining body position data in photovoltaic panel and position data being transferred to central controller, excellent Choosing, use wireless transmission.
Probe mobile device includes first gear the 803, second gear the 804, first worm screw the 805, first worm gear 806, first wheel the 807, second transmission wheel 808 and transmission belt 809 are transmitted.First gear 803 and the second self-locking In unit 502, worm gear is coaxially connected, and the second gear 804 engages with the first gear 803, and the first worm gear 806 leads to Crossing the first worm screw 805 to be connected with the second gear 804, the first transmission wheel 807 is coaxially connected with the first worm gear 806, Second transmits wheel 808 is connected with the first transmission wheel 807 by transmission belt 809, and transmission belt 809 is provided with spy Head bracket 8010, temp probe 801 is arranged on probe bracket 8010.Second drives motor 4002 to work, Drive second in lock unit 502 worm gear wheel, second in lock unit 502 worm gear drive the first gear 803 Rotating, the first gear 803 drives the second gear 804 to rotate, and the second gear 804 drives the first worm screw 805 turns Dynamic, the first worm screw 805 drives the first worm gear 806 to rotate, and the first worm gear 806 drives the first transmission to take turns 807 turns Dynamic, first transmits wheel 807 drive transmission belt 809 moves, thus drives temp probe 801 to move.Central authorities' control Device 2 processed according to obtain temperature data and position data judge body process photovoltaic panel in whether there is damage Bad photovoltaic panel, if there being the photovoltaic panel of damage, central controller will be by the positional information of the photovoltaic panel of damage By display device or by note or voice by the way of notify maintenance personal, allow maintenance personal as early as possible to damage Bad photovoltaic panel is keeped in repair.
Power module 9 in body is arranged on rack for cleaning, for providing electric power to each consuming parts of body. It is also associated with on power module 9 to the charging connector of power module charging.As shown in FIG. 14 and 15, Figure 14 For the stereogram of charging connector, Figure 15 is the side view of charging connector.This charging connector includes: joint connects Part 901, telescopic electric-conductor, electric-conductor insulation crust 902 and electric-conductor installed part 903.Connector for joint 901 fixing with electric-conductor installed part 903 are connected, and are used for being connected with rack for cleaning.Electric-conductor installed part 903 liang End is provided with screwed hole 9031, after electric-conductor insulation crust 902 inserts screwed hole 9031, by hollow insulation spiral shell Female 904 are fixed on electric-conductor installed part 903.Telescopic electric-conductor includes: spring and electric-conductor 905, Spring is arranged in electric-conductor insulation crust 902, and electric-conductor 905 one end is by spring or wire and charging mould Block connects, and due to the effect of spring, electric-conductor 905 can stretch in electric-conductor insulation crust 902 up and down. It is also equipped with water proof and dust proof cap 906 on electric-conductor insulation crust 902, prevents dust and rainwater from entering electric-conductor exhausted In edge shell 902, shorten the service life of charging connector.Electric-conductor 905 can be copper post or charcoal post.Excellent Electing copper post as, be not easily broken, service life is long.
As shown in figure 16, for the structural representation in storehouse 11 of charging.Charging storehouse is used for stopping body and carrying out it Charging.Charging storehouse 11 includes: charging parking bracket 111 and Telescopic support.Charging parking bracket 111, is used for Stop body and it is charged;Telescopic support, for supporting and adjust the angle of charging parking bracket 111, Charging parking bracket 111 and photovoltaic panel to be cleaned is made to be in same plane.Charging parking bracket 111 includes charging part 1110 and stop portion 1111.It is provided with in charging part 1110 for the solar energy photovoltaic panel 1112 of this bulk charging; Stop portion 1111 is used for stopping body.The back of charging part 1110 is provided with optical-electrical converter and energy storage, Optical-electrical converter for being converted to electric energy by solar energy, and energy storage is for storing electric energy.Stop Self-charging terminal 112 is detachably installed in portion 1111.Self-charging terminal 112 is for being connected with charging connector.
As shown in figure 17, for the structural blast schematic diagram of self-charging terminal 112, self-charging terminal 112 includes: Terminal fixed block 1121, slope electric-conductor 1122 and slope electric-conductor installed part 1123.Slope electric-conductor is installed Part 1123 one end arranges the first mounting groove 11231, and the other end arranges the second mounting groove 11232.Slope electric-conductor Installed part 1123 is fixedly mounted on terminal fixed block 1121, and the two ends of slope electric-conductor 1122 are respectively mounted In the first mounting groove 11231 and the second mounting groove 11232.Slope electric-conductor 1122 is preferably copper electric-conductor. Slope electric-conductor 1122 is connected with energy storage by wire.
Telescopic support includes: symmetrically arranged two the first extensible members, symmetrically arranged two second stretch Part and symmetrically arranged two the 3rd extensible members.Symmetrically arranged two the first extensible member upper ends and charging parking bracket One end of 111 is rotationally connected;Symmetrically arranged two the 3rd extensible members are solid with the other end of charging parking bracket 111 Fixed connection;Symmetrically arranged two the second extensible members are fixedly mounted on the middle part of charging parking bracket 111.
First extensible member, the second extensible member and the 3rd extensible member all include: sleeve pipe 113 and expansion link 114, sleeve pipe 113 On some through holes are set, expansion link 114 arranges some screwed holes, by screw through different through hole whorl Hole realizes the flexible connection between expansion link 114 and sleeve pipe 113.Except for the difference that, stretching in the first extensible member Bar with charging parking bracket be rotationally connected, the expansion link in the second extensible member and the 3rd extensible member all with charge parking bracket Fixing connection.Certainly, the scalable fixing connection between sleeve pipe and expansion link can also be realized by hydraulic pressure, when So, the scalable fixing connection of above two it is also not limited to.First extensible member, the second extensible member and the 3rd It is additionally provided with the first reinforcement 115 between extensible member, between two the first reinforcements 115, is additionally provided with two Two reinforcements 116, by increasing capacitance it is possible to increase the stability in charging storehouse.
The lower end of the first extensible member, the second extensible member and the 3rd extensible member is respectively provided with universal wheel 117, is moved easily Charging storehouse, improves the maneuverability in charging storehouse.
Before starting to be carried out to photovoltaic panel to be cleaned, charging storehouse is moved to photovoltaic panel side to be cleaned, adjusts The Telescopic support in joint charging storehouse makes charging parking bracket 111 and photovoltaic panel to be cleaned be in same plane, body Starting cleaning, it is during charging parking bracket 111 exits into photovoltaic panel to be cleaned, the most also Cleaned to the solar energy photovoltaic panel 1112 on charging parking bracket 111, it is achieved that the self-cleaning in charging storehouse Function.
When body need charging time, by rest in charging storehouse charging parking bracket 111 after, the charging on body Head can contact with self-charging terminal 112, thus realizes the charging of body.Specific in the application, charging connector Including two telescopic charging parts, self-charging terminal 112 includes two slope electric-conductors 1122, when body is stopped When charging the charging parking bracket 111 in storehouse, two telescopic charging parts and two slope electric-conductors 1122 contact, And slide friction at the domatic of slope electric-conductor 1122, so can wipe the oxidation on slope electric-conductor 1122 Layer, thus ensure stable contact between two telescopic charging parts and two slope electric-conductors 1122, it is thus possible to The self-charging terminal 112 enough preventing charging storehouse is aging, extends the service life of self-charging terminal 112.
Embodiment two
As shown in figure 18, for the functional block diagram of another photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment disclosed by the invention, this enforcement Disclosed in example, a kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment is with embodiment one difference: photovoltaic panel disclosed in the present embodiment Cleaning equipment also includes: barrier getting over mechanism 13 and the telescoping mechanism 14 being arranged on rack for cleaning 1.Barrier getting over mechanism 13, For making body pass through the space between two photovoltaic panel arrays.Telescoping mechanism 14 and central controller 2 Connect, be used for making body move on barrier getting over mechanism 13, and coordinate barrier getting over mechanism 13 to make body pass through two Space between the photovoltaic panel array of individual dislocation.
Sometimes, owing to not only existing a certain distance between photovoltaic panel array, and also likely to be present height Location dislocation.So by barrier getting over mechanism 13 and the cooperation of telescoping mechanism 14 in the application, it becomes possible to make body Move to smoothly by another photovoltaic panel array from a photovoltaic panel array.
As shown in figure 19, the structural representation being arranged on rack for cleaning for telescoping mechanism 14.Telescoping mechanism includes: First telescopic unit and the second telescopic unit, the first telescopic unit and the second telescopic unit be respectively provided with pars contractilis 141, Housing section 142 and power part 143, pars contractilis 141 is positioned at housing section 142, and can be at power part 143 Drive under do stretching motion.The head rod 101 of rack for cleaning 1 is provided with first and fixes bar 1014, cleans It is provided with second between in second connecting rod 102 of frame 1 and the 4th connecting rod 104 and fixes bar 1015 and the 3rd solid Fixed pole 1016, the 3rd connecting rod 103 of rack for cleaning 1 is provided with the 4th and fixes bar 1017.First telescopic unit It is detachably arranged in first to fix bar 1014 and second and fix between bar 1015.Second telescopic unit is detachable Be arranged on and the 3rd fix bar 1016 and the 4th and fix between bar 1017.In the application, the first telescopic unit is First linear electric machine, the second telescopic unit is the second linear electric machine.First linear electric machine and the second linear electric machine are equal It is connected with central controller 2, controls the first linear electric machine by central controller 2 and the second linear electric machine works.
As shown in figure 20, for the structural representation of barrier getting over mechanism.Barrier getting over mechanism 13, it stops this for temporarily Body, and coordinate telescoping mechanism 14 to realize body to move to the photovoltaic panel of high position from the photovoltaic panel of lower position, or Person moves to the photovoltaic panel of lower position from the photovoltaic panel of high position.
Barrier getting over mechanism includes: movable stand and fixed mount.Movable stand, stops body for temporarily;Fixed mount, uses In holding movable frame and coordinate telescoping mechanism to realize on movable stand to move or decline.
Movable stand includes: first connector the 1301, second connector the 1302, the 3rd connector 1303 and the 4th Connector 1304.First connector the 1301, second connector the 1302, the 3rd connector 1303 and the 4th connects Part 1304 head and the tail connect into a rectangular box, and the second connector 1302 and the 4th connector 1304 are respectively provided with There is movable pulley 1305.It is provided with locating part 1306 on second connector 1302 and the 4th connector 1304. Being provided with sensor stand 1307 on 3rd connector 1303, it is used for placing sensor, this sensor with in Centre controller 2 connects, and this sensor is used for detecting whether body rests in movable stand.
Fixed mount includes: carrier and carrying bracing frame.
Carrier includes: first bearer connection bar the 1308, second bearer connection bar the 1309, the 3rd bearer connection Bar 1310 and the 4th bearer connection bar 1311.First bearer connection bar the 1308, second bearer connection bar 1309, 3rd bearer connection bar 1310 and the 4th bearer connection bar 1311 head and the tail connect into rectangle frame.Also set on carrier Being equipped with locking device, this locking device is fixedly installed on the second bearer connection bar 1309 and the 4th bearer connection bar Between 1311.This locking device coordinates with locating part 1306 makes movable stand be locked on fixed mount.3rd carrying Baffle plate 1312 it is fixedly installed in connecting rod 1310.
As shown in figure 21, for the magnified partial view of barrier getting over mechanism.Locking device includes: base plate 1313, first Column the 1314, second column the 1315, the 3rd column the 1316, the 4th column 1317, locking bail 1318, rotation Force-applying piece 1319, return unit and stay cord 1320.One end of base plate 1313 is fixed on the second bearer connection bar 1309 On, the other end is fixed on the 4th bearer connection bar 1311.The both sides of base plate 1313 are respectively arranged with fixing post 1321.Locking bail 1318 is rotationally connected with fixing post 1321, and it is used for locking locating part 1306.Rotation urging Part 1319 its be connected with one end of locking bail 1318, locking bail 1318 can be pulled outwardly under the effect of external force Open, thus locating part 1306 is unlocked.Return unit is arranged on rotation urging part 1319 and locking bail 1318 Junction, when the external force acting on rotation urging part 1319 disappears, it can make locking bail 1318 inwardly recover In situ.This resetting-mechanism is torsion spring.
First column 1314 and the 4th column 1317 are separately fixed at the two ends of base plate 1313, and it is equipped with Two vertical pulleys 1322, the two vertical pulley 1322 position on column is one high and one low, and the two is erected All it is detachably arranged on column by the first fixed block 1323 to pulley 1322, the vertical pulley of the two 1322 one end being installed in the first fixed block 1323.
Second column 1315 and the 3rd column 1316 are arranged between the first column 1314 and the 4th column 1317, Being equipped with a horizontal trolley 1324 on second column 1315 and the 3rd column 1316, horizontal trolley 1324 leads to Cross the second fixed block 1325 to be detachably arranged on column, wherein, the horizontal trolley on the second column 1325 1324 tops being arranged on second fixed block 1325 one end, the horizontal trolley 1324 on the 3rd column 1316 sets Put the lower section in second fixed block 1325 one end.One end of stay cord 1320 is solid with a rotation urging part 1319 Fixed connection, the other end is solid with another rotation urging part after being wrapped over vertical pulley 1322 and horizontal trolley 1324 Fixed connection.The simple in construction of this locking device, stability is reliable.Vertical pulley and the setting of horizontal trolley, Stay cord can be made to be not easily disconnected from pulley, it is ensured that the lasting force to rotation urging part 1319.
Carrying bracing frame is for support carrying frame, and is rotationally connected with it.The supporting leg of carrying bracing frame is permissible Regulation height.Being additionally provided with against frame 1327 on carrying bracing frame, it, for against baffle plate 1312, prevents second When the pars contractilis of telescopic unit withstands baffle plate 1312, baffle plate 1312 is pushed up askew.
When body moves to high position photovoltaic panel from lower position photovoltaic panel, body first moves from lower position photovoltaic panel On movable stand, the sensor sensing on movable stand to body moves on movable stand, signals to central authorities' control Device, central controller controls body makes it be still on movable stand, and then, central controller controls second is stretched Unit, makes the pars contractilis 141 of the second telescopic unit persistently stretch out, and pars contractilis 141 withstands baffle plate 1312, makes shifting Moving frame slowly moves up along carrier, until locking bail 1318 is backed down by the locating part 1306 on movable stand, When locking bail 1318 sets back under the effect of return unit, and now locking bail 1318 will block locating part 1306, now, central controller 2 controls the pars contractilis 141 of the second telescopic unit and retracts, due to locking bail 1318 Having blocked locating part 1306, so movable stand cannot glide, then, central controller 2 controls body from position Move and move to high position photovoltaic panel on frame, i.e. complete body from lower position photovoltaic panel to high position photovoltaic panel obstacle detouring Function.
When body moves to lower position photovoltaic panel from high position photovoltaic panel, body first moves from high position photovoltaic panel On movable stand, the sensor sensing on movable stand to body moves on movable stand, signals to central authorities' control Device, central controller controls body makes it be still on movable stand, and then, central controller first controls second and stretches Contracting unit, makes the pars contractilis 141 of the second telescopic unit persistently stretch out, and pars contractilis 141 withstands baffle plate 1312, so Rear control the first telescopic unit, makes the pars contractilis of the first telescopic unit persistently stretch out, and the groove on pars contractilis snaps in Stay cord 1320, stay cord 1320 exerts a force to rotation urging by vertical pulley 1322 and horizontal trolley 1324 On part 1319, then locking bail 1318 is outwards pulled open and makes locking bail 1318 with spacing by rotation urging part 1319 Part 1306 departs from, and then allows the pars contractilis of the second telescopic unit slowly retract, and movable stand is due to the effect of gravity Slowly move down along carrier, until the positive stop 1326 on carried frame stops moving down after blocking, Afterwards, central controller controls body moves to lower position photovoltaic panel from displacement frame, i.e. completes body from a high position Put photovoltaic panel to the function to lower position photovoltaic panel obstacle detouring.
Although the present invention being described in detail with reference to previous embodiment, those skilled in the art is come Saying, the technical scheme described in foregoing embodiments still can be modified by it, or to wherein part skill Art feature carries out equivalent, all within the spirit and principles in the present invention, any amendment, the equivalent made are replaced Change, improvement etc., should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a charging storehouse, it is characterised in that it includes charge parking bracket and Telescopic support;Described fill Electricity parking bracket, is used for stopping body and to described bulk charging;Described Telescopic support, is used for supporting described Charging parking bracket, by adjusting the angle of described charging parking bracket, makes described charging parking bracket and photovoltaic to be cleaned Plate is in same plane.
Charging storehouse the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described charging parking bracket includes charging Portion and stop portion, described charging part is provided with for the solar energy photovoltaic panel of this bulk charging;Described stop portion For stopping body.
Charging storehouse the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the back of described charging part is provided with Optical-electrical converter and energy storage, described optical-electrical converter for being converted to electric energy, described electricity by solar energy Can be used for storing electric energy by memory.
Charging storehouse the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described Telescopic support comprising: Symmetrically arranged two the first extensible members, symmetrically arranged two the second extensible members and symmetrically arranged two the 3rd Extensible member;Described symmetrically arranged two the first extensible member upper ends rotate even with one end of described charging parking bracket Connect;Described symmetrically arranged two the 3rd extensible members are fixing with the other end of described charging parking bracket to be connected;Described Symmetrically arranged two the second extensible members are fixedly mounted on the middle part of described charging parking bracket.
Charging storehouse the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that described first extensible member, second stretch Contracting part and the 3rd extensible member all include: sleeve pipe and expansion link, described sleeve pipe are arranged described in some through holes, flexible Some screwed holes are set on bar, realize described expansion link and sleeve pipe by screw through different through holes and screwed hole Between flexible connection.
Charging storehouse the most according to claim 5, it is characterised in that described first extensible member, second stretch Contracting part and the 3rd extensible member are provided with universal wheel.
Charging storehouse the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that detachably install in described stop portion There is self-charging terminal.
Charging storehouse the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that before body rests in stop portion, First pass through described charging part, it is possible to solar energy photovoltaic panel in described charging part is carried out.
9. a photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment, it is characterised in that it includes as described in arbitrary in claim 1-8 Charging storehouse.
Photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment the most according to claim 9, it is characterised in that described photovoltaic panel is cleaned Equipment also includes that barrier getting over mechanism, described body also include telescoping mechanism, and described telescoping mechanism coordinates described obstacle detouring machine Structure realizes described body and moves to another photovoltaic panel array from a photovoltaic panel array;Described barrier getting over mechanism includes Movable stand and fixed mount, described fixed mount arranges locking device, and described movable stand is provided with locating part, institute Stating locking device coordinates described locating part to be locked on described fixed mount by described movable stand;
Described locking device includes: base plate, locking bail, rotation urging part, return unit, the first column, second Column, the 3rd column, the 4th column and stay cord;Described base plate is fixed on the upper of described fixed mount;Described base plate On be provided with fixing post, described locking bail is rotationally connected with described fixing post;Described rotation urging part and described lock One end of tight hook connects, and described locking bail can outwards be pulled open under the effect of external force by described rotation urging part, from And described locating part is unlocked;Described return unit is arranged on the connection of described rotation urging part and described locking bail Place, when the external force acting on described rotation urging part disappears, described return unit makes described locking bail set back; Described first column and the 4th column are positioned at the two ends of described base plate, and described second column and the 3rd column are positioned at institute State between the first column and the 4th column;It is one high and one low that described first column and the 4th column are equipped with two positions Vertical pulley;It is equipped with a horizontal trolley on described second column and the 3rd column;Described stay cord is wound around institute It is connected with described rotation urging part after stating vertical pulley and horizontal trolley.
CN201610320310.0A 2016-05-13 2016-05-13 A kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment CN105834144B (en)

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CN201610320310.0A CN105834144B (en) 2016-05-13 2016-05-13 A kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment
US15/448,513 US10050582B2 (en) 2016-05-13 2017-03-02 Self-charging terminal and photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment having same
US15/447,143 US10050468B2 (en) 2016-05-13 2017-03-02 Charging compartment and photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment having same

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CN106623156B (en) * 2016-12-30 2019-06-11 天津温纳科技有限公司 A kind of photovoltaic panel scavenging machine intelligence lane-change system
CN111262519A (en) * 2020-03-13 2020-06-09 贵州电网有限责任公司 Photovoltaic power generation device capable of being cleaned
CN111262519B (en) * 2020-03-13 2020-12-15 贵州电网有限责任公司 Photovoltaic power generation device capable of being cleaned

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