CN105774513B - Dynamical system and vehicle - Google Patents

Dynamical system and vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105774513B
CN105774513B CN201610176768.3A CN201610176768A CN105774513B CN 105774513 B CN105774513 B CN 105774513B CN 201610176768 A CN201610176768 A CN 201610176768A CN 105774513 B CN105774513 B CN 105774513B
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China
Prior art keywords
gear
stator
power
level
dynamical system
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CN201610176768.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105774513A (en
Inventor
殷建坤
孙江明
石征
高强
苏红涛
林利
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Shanghai Zhongke Shenjiang Electric Vehicle Co Ltd
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Shanghai Zhongke Shenjiang Electric Vehicle Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610176768.3A priority Critical patent/CN105774513B/en
Publication of CN105774513A publication Critical patent/CN105774513A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K6/00Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00
    • B60K6/20Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs
    • B60K6/22Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs
    • B60K6/26Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs characterised by the motors or the generators
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K6/00Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00
    • B60K6/20Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs
    • B60K6/22Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs
    • B60K6/36Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs characterised by the transmission gearings
    • B60K6/365Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs characterised by the transmission gearings with the gears having orbital motion
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K6/00Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00
    • B60K6/20Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs
    • B60K6/50Architecture of the driveline characterised by arrangement or kind of transmission units
    • B60K6/54Transmission for changing ratio
    • B60K6/547Transmission for changing ratio the transmission being a stepped gearing

Abstract

A kind of dynamical system of present invention offer and vehicle.The dynamical system of the present invention may include engine, motor and gear drive;Motor includes rotor and stator;Engine is connect by stator with gear drive;The power of engine is transmitted to gear drive through stator, and is exported by gear drive;Rotor is connect with gear drive;If there is stator inputing power, inputing power to be converted to the power of rotor and be exported by gear drive;If stator does not have inputing power, the power of engine is transmitted to gear drive through stator, drives rotor by gear drive so that stator produces electricl energy.The present invention reduces the arrangement difficulty of each device in vehicle.

Description

Dynamical system and vehicle
Technical field
The present invention relates to vehicle drive system more particularly to a kind of dynamical system and vehicles.
Background technology
Increasingly deficient and people's environmental consciousness the raising of resource so that the vehicle with hybrid power system increasingly by It welcomes.The hybrid power system may include a variety of power sources, to provide power by a variety of power sources for vehicle.
Common hybrid power system may include:Engine, motor and generator.Fig. 1 is a kind of hybrid power system Structural schematic diagram.As shown in Figure 1, hybrid power system may include:Engine 101, motor 102, generator 103 and gear Transmission mechanism 104.Wherein, motor 102 includes:First stator 105 and the first rotor 106, generator 103 include:Second is fixed Son 107 and the second rotor 108.Engine 101 is connect with gear drive 104, and engine 101 obtains fuel consumption dynamic Power is exported by gear drive 104.The first rotor 106 is connect with gear drive 104, and the first rotor 106 will consume The obtainable power of electricity is transmitted by gear drive 104.Engine 101 is also connect with the second rotor 108, engine 101 By driving the second rotor 108 so that the second stator 107 produces electricl energy, realization generates electricity, to charge the battery.
The quantity of component of machine is more in vehicle, and the inner space for occupying vehicle is larger, how each device of reasonable Arrangement Seem increasingly important.However, the limitation of vehicle interior space dimension makes the arrangement difficulty of each device in the hybrid power system It is larger.
Invention content
A kind of dynamical system of present invention offer and vehicle reduce each device in vehicle to shorten the bulk of dynamical system The arrangement difficulty of part.
The present invention provides a kind of dynamical system, including:Engine, motor and gear drive;Motor include rotor and Stator;
Engine is connect by stator with gear drive;The power of engine is transmitted to gear drive machine through stator Structure, and exported by gear drive;
Rotor is connect with gear drive;
If there is stator inputing power, inputing power to be converted to the power of rotor and be exported by gear drive;If fixed Son does not have inputing power, and the power of engine is transmitted to gear drive through stator, rotor is driven by gear drive, So that stator produces electricl energy.
Optionally, motor is double-rotor machine;Rotor includes internal rotor and outer rotor;Stator is hollow cylinder;Internal rotor Positioned at the medial surface of stator;Outer rotor is located at the lateral surface of stator.
Optionally, gear drive includes first order planetary gear train and second level planetary gear train;First order planet Gear train includes the first sun gear, at least one first planetary gear, first planet carrier and the first gear ring;Second level planetary gear train Including the second sun gear, at least one second planetary gear, the second planet carrier and the second gear ring;
Engine is connect with stator;Stator is connect with the first sun gear;Internal rotor is connect with the second sun gear;Outer rotor with First gear ring connects;First planet carrier is connect with the second gear ring;
Gear drive exports power by the second planet carrier.
Optionally, dynamical system further includes the first brake, second brake and third brake;First brake is arranged On the first sun gear, the first brake is used for brake engine, stator and the first sun gear;
Second brake is arranged on the first gear ring, and second brake is for braking outer rotor and the first gear ring;
Third brake is arranged on the second sun gear, and third brake is for braking internal rotor and the second sun gear.
Optionally, gear drive further includes level-one driving gear, level-one driven gear and two level driving gear;Second Planet carrier is connect with level-one driving gear;Level-one driving gear is connect with level-one driven gear;Level-one driven gear and two level master Moving gear connects;
Gear drive passes sequentially through the second planet carrier, level-one driving gear, level-one driven gear and two level driving tooth Wheel output power.
Optionally, gear drive further includes differential mechanism;Differential mechanism is connect with two level driving gear;
Gear drive passes sequentially through the second planet carrier, level-one driving gear, level-one driven gear, two level driving gear And differential mechanism exports power.
The present invention also provides a kind of dynamical systems, including engine, motor and gear drive;Motor include rotor and Stator;
Engine is connect with gear drive;The power of engine is exported by gear drive;
Rotor is connect with gear drive;
If there is stator inputing power, inputing power to be converted to the power of rotor and be exported by gear drive;
If stator does not have inputing power, the power of engine drives rotor by gear drive so that stator produces Raw electric energy.
Optionally, motor is double-rotor machine;Rotor includes internal rotor and outer rotor;Stator is hollow cylinder;Internal rotor Positioned at the medial surface of stator;Outer rotor is located at the lateral surface of stator.
Optionally, gear drive includes first order planetary gear train and second level planetary gear train;First order planet Gear train includes the first sun gear, at least one first planetary gear, first planet carrier and the first gear ring;Second level planetary gear train Including:Second sun gear, at least one second planetary gear, the second planet carrier and the second gear ring;
Engine is connect with the second sun gear;Internal rotor is connect with the first sun gear;Outer rotor is connect with the first gear ring;The One planet carrier is connect with the second gear ring;
Gear drive exports power by the second planet carrier.
Optionally, dynamical system further includes the first brake, second brake and third brake;
First brake is arranged on the first sun gear, and the first brake is for braking internal rotor and the first sun gear;
Second brake is arranged on the first gear ring, and second brake is for braking outer rotor and the first gear ring;
Third brake is arranged on the second sun gear, and third brake is used for brake engine and the second sun gear.
Optionally, gear drive further includes level-one driving gear, level-one driven gear and two level driving gear;Level-one Driving gear is connect with level-one driven gear;Level-one driven gear is connect with two level driving gear;
Level-one driving gear is connect with the second planet carrier;Level-one driving gear is also connect with engine;Gear drive Pass sequentially through the second planet carrier, level-one driving gear, level-one driven gear and two level driving gear output power.
Optionally, gear drive further includes differential mechanism;Differential mechanism is connect with two level driving gear;
Gear drive passes sequentially through the second planet carrier, level-one driving gear, level-one driven gear, two level driving gear And differential mechanism exports power.
The present invention also provides a kind of vehicles, including dynamical system, drive shaft and driving wheel;
Dynamical system is any of the above-described dynamical system;Dynamical system and driving axis connection;Drive shaft and driving wheel Connection;Dynamical system is by drive shaft by power transmission to driving wheel.
The present invention also provides a kind of vehicles, including dynamical system, drive shaft and driving wheel;
Dynamical system is any of the above-described dynamical system;Dynamical system and driving axis connection;Drive shaft and driving wheel Connection;Dynamical system is by drive shaft by power transmission to driving wheel.
A kind of dynamical system provided by the invention and vehicle, dynamical system may include engine, motor and gear drive machine Structure;Motor includes rotor and stator, and engine is connect by stator with gear drive;The power of engine is transmitted through stator It is exported to gear drive and by gear drive;Rotor is connect with gear drive;If stator has inputing power, Inputing power is converted to the power of rotor and is exported by gear drive;If stator does not have inputing power, engine moves Power is transmitted to gear drive through stator, by gear drive driving rotor stator is produced electricl energy.The dynamical system Middle motor can not only be used for motor and generate power, also can be used as generator and produces electricl energy, thus can reduce dynamical system occupancy Bulk, reduce the arrangement difficulty of each device.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of hybrid power system;
Fig. 2 is a kind of structural schematic diagram for dynamical system that the embodiment of the present invention one provides;
Fig. 3 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of dynamical system provided by Embodiment 2 of the present invention;
Fig. 4 A are the structural schematic diagram of another dynamical system provided by Embodiment 2 of the present invention;
Fig. 4 B are the structural representation of first order planetary gear train in another dynamical system provided by Embodiment 2 of the present invention Figure;
Fig. 4 C are the structural representation of second level planetary gear train in another dynamical system provided by Embodiment 2 of the present invention Figure;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of another dynamical system provided by Embodiment 2 of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of another dynamical system provided by Embodiment 2 of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is a kind of structural schematic diagram for dynamical system that the embodiment of the present invention three provides;
Fig. 8 is a kind of structural schematic diagram for dynamical system that the embodiment of the present invention four provides;
Fig. 9 A are the structural schematic diagram for another dynamical system that the embodiment of the present invention four provides;
Fig. 9 B are the structural representation of first order planetary gear train in another dynamical system that the embodiment of the present invention four provides Figure;
Fig. 9 C are the structural representation of second level planetary gear train in another dynamical system that the embodiment of the present invention four provides Figure;
Figure 10 is the structural schematic diagram for another dynamical system that the embodiment of the present invention four provides;
Figure 11 is the structural schematic diagram for another dynamical system that the embodiment of the present invention four provides
Figure 12 is the structural schematic diagram for the vehicle that the embodiment of the present invention five provides;
Figure 13 is the structural schematic diagram for the vehicle that the embodiment of the present invention six provides.
Reference sign:
101、201、701:Engine;
102:Motor;
103:Generator:
104、203、703:Gear driven mechanism;
105:First stator;
106:The first rotor:
107:Second stator;
108:Second rotor;
202、702:Motor;
204、704:Stator;
205、705:Rotor;
301、801:Internal rotor;
302、802:Outer rotor;
401、901:First order planetary gear train;
402、902:Second level planetary gear train;
403、903:First sun gear;
404、904:First planetary gear;
405、905:First planet carrier;
406、906:First gear ring;
407、907:Second sun gear;
408、908:Second planetary gear;
409、909:Second planet carrier;
410、910:Second gear ring;
501、1001:First brake;
502、1002:Second brake;
503、1003:Third brake;
601、1101:Level-one driving gear;
602、1102:Level-one driven gear;
603、1103:Two level driving gear;
604、1104:Differential mechanism;
1201、1301:Dynamical system;
1202、1302:Drive shaft;
1203、1303:Driving wheel.
Specific implementation mode
The present invention provides a kind of dynamical system.The dynamical system can be hybrid power system.Fig. 2 is the embodiment of the present invention A kind of structural schematic diagram of one dynamical system provided.As shown in Fig. 2, the dynamical system may include:Engine 201, motor 202 And gear drive 203;Motor 202 includes stator 204 and rotor 205.
Engine 201 is connect by stator 204 with gear drive 203;The power of engine 201 is passed through stator 204 Gear drive 203 is transported to, and is exported by gear drive 203.
Rotor 205 is connect with gear drive 203.
If there is stator 204 inputing power, inputing power to be converted to the power of rotor 205 and by gear drive 203 Output.
If stator 204 does not have inputing power, the power of engine 201 is transmitted to gear drive through stator 204 203, rotor 205 is driven by gear drive 203 so that stator 204 produces electricl energy.
Specifically, engine 201 can be petrol engine, can obtain power by fuel consumption.Engine 201 moves Power can be the power that engine 201 is obtained by fuel consumption.Stator 204 is not absolutely fixed, also rotatable.
Engine 201 is connect with stator 204, and the power of engine 201 can drive stator 204 to rotate, due to stator 204 with Gear drive 203 connects, and stator 204 is by rotational driving gear transmission mechanism 203, to moving the engine 201 Power is transmitted to gear drive 203, and is exported by gear drive 203.
Stator 204 may include magnetic pole winding, and rotor 205 may include iron core.
If there is stator 204 inputing power, the inputing power stator 204 may make to generate rotating excitation field, rotatable magnetic field It may make rotor 205 to generate rotating torques, realize the conversion of inputing power and the power of rotor 205.Due to rotor 205 and gear Transmission mechanism 203 connects, and the power of rotor 205 can be exported by gear drive 203.That is, if stator 204 is with defeated Enter electric energy, which can be exchanged into the power of rotor 205, and motor 202 can be used as motor and generate power and be passed by gear Motivation structure 203 exports.
Since engine 201 can generate power in the dynamical system, the rotor 205 of motor 202 can also generate power, this is dynamic Force system can provide different power, can be hybrid power system.
The either power of engine 201, still, the power of power, that is, rotor 205 of motor 202 can be by gear drive Mechanism 203 is exported to drive shaft, the driving wheel being then transmitted in drive shaft, to drive vehicle to travel.
If stator 204 does not have inputing power, the power of engine 201 can drive stator 204 to rotate, and stator 204 can band Gear drive 203 connected to it is moved, rotor 205 is driven by gear drive 203 so that stator 204 and rotor 205 Rotation torque is generated, so that stator 204 produces electricl energy, realizes the power generation of motor 202.That is, if stator 204 does not have There are inputing power, the power of engine 201, successively through stator 204 and gear drive 203 so that stator 204 and rotor 205 generate rotation torque, and stator 204 produces electricl energy, and motor 202 also can be used as generator and realize power generation.
The dynamical system that the embodiment of the present invention one provides, it may include engine, motor and gear drive;Motor includes Rotor and stator, engine are connect by stator with gear drive;The power of engine is transmitted to gear drive through stator Mechanism is simultaneously exported by gear drive;Rotor is connect with gear drive;If there is stator inputing power, inputing power to turn It is changed to the power of rotor and is exported by gear drive;If stator does not have inputing power, the power of engine is passed through stator Gear drive is transported to, by gear drive driving rotor stator is produced electricl energy.Motor both may be used in the dynamical system Power is generated as motor, generator is also can be used as and produces electricl energy, thus dynamical system the space occupied size can be reduced, Reduce the arrangement difficulty of each device.
Optionally, the embodiment of the present invention two also provides a kind of dynamical system.Fig. 3 is one kind provided by Embodiment 2 of the present invention The structural schematic diagram of dynamical system.As shown in figure 3, dynamical system is on the basis of dynamical system as described above, wherein motor 202 be double-rotor machine.Rotor 205 may include internal rotor 301 and outer rotor 302;Stator 204 is hollow cylinder;Internal rotor 301 Positioned at the medial surface of stator 204;Outer rotor 302 is located at the lateral surface of stator 204.
Optionally, the embodiment of the present invention two also provides a kind of dynamical system.Fig. 4 A are provided by Embodiment 2 of the present invention another A kind of structural schematic diagram of dynamical system.Fig. 4 B are first order planet in another dynamical system provided by Embodiment 2 of the present invention The structural schematic diagram of gear train.Fig. 4 C are second level planetary gear train in another dynamical system provided by Embodiment 2 of the present invention Structural schematic diagram.As shown in Figure 4 A, optionally, gear drive 203 may include first order planetary gear train 401 and second Grade planetary gear train 402.First order planetary gear train 401 and second level planetary gear train 402 can be planetary transmission In planetary gear train.
As shown in Figure 4 B, first order planetary gear train 401 includes the first sun gear 403, at least one first planetary gear 404, first planet carrier 405 and the first gear ring 406.Each first planetary gear 404 centered on the first sun gear 403, and, first Sun gear 403 engages connection with each first planetary gear 404;First gear ring 406 engages connection with each first planetary gear 404, First planet carrier 405 connects the shaft of at least one first planetary gear 404.Wherein, the first sun gear 403 can around itself Shaft rotates.Each first planetary gear 404 can be rotated around the shaft of itself, can also with first planet carrier 405 around first too The shaft rotation of sun wheel 403.
As shown in Figure 4 C, second level planetary gear train 402 includes the second sun gear 407, at least one second planetary gear 408, the second planet carrier 409 and the second gear ring 410.Each second planetary gear 408 centered on the second sun gear 407, and, second Sun gear 407 engages connection with each second planetary gear 408;Second gear ring 410 engages connection with each second planetary gear 408, Second planet carrier 409 connects the shaft of at least one second planetary gear 408.Wherein, the second sun gear 407 can around itself Shaft rotates.Each second planetary gear 408 can be rotated around the shaft of itself, can also with the second planet carrier 409 around second too The shaft rotation of sun wheel 407.
Engine 201 is connect with stator 204;Stator 204 is connect with the first sun gear 403;Internal rotor 301 and second sun 407 connection of wheel;Outer rotor 302 is connect with the first gear ring 406;First planet carrier 405 is connect with the second gear ring 410.Specifically, it sends out Motivation 201 and the connection of stator 204, the connection of stator 204 and the first sun gear 403, internal rotor 301 and the second sun gear 407 Connection, the connection of outer rotor 302 and the first gear ring 406, the connection of first planet carrier 405 and the second gear ring 410 all can be Rigid connection.
Gear drive 203 exports power by the second planet carrier 409.That is, second planet carrier 409 can be with For the power output end of the gear drive 203.Gear drive 203 can be outputed power by the second planet carrier 409 To drive shaft, the driving wheel being then transmitted in drive shaft, to drive vehicle to travel.
Optionally, the embodiment of the present invention two also provides a kind of dynamical system.Fig. 5 is provided by Embodiment 2 of the present invention another The structural schematic diagram of kind dynamical system.Optionally, as shown in figure 5, the dynamical system may also include the first brake 501, second Brake 502 and third brake 503;First brake 501 is arranged on the first sun gear 403, and the first brake 501 is used for Brake engine 201, stator 204 and the first sun gear 403.
Second brake 502 is arranged on the first gear ring 406, and second brake 502 is for braking outer rotor 302 and first Gear ring 406.
Third brake 503 is arranged on the second sun gear 407, and third brake 503 is for braking internal rotor 301 and the Two sun gears 407.
Specifically, if the first brake 501 is braked, engine 201, stator 204 and the braking of the first sun gear 403 are then outer The power of rotor 302 is after 401 speed change of first order planetary gear train becomes and turns round, and the power of internal rotor 301 is in second level planet tooth It couples at train 402, and is exported by the second planet carrier 409.
If second brake 502 is braked, outer rotor 302 and the braking of the first gear ring 406, then the power of engine 201 is by the After 401 speed change of primary planet pinion system becomes torsion, with, the power of internal rotor 301 couples at second level planetary gear train 402, and It is exported by the second planet carrier 409.
If third brake 503 brake, internal rotor 301 and the second sun gear 407 braking, then the power of engine 201 by 401 speed change of first order planetary gear train is exported after becoming torsion by the second planet carrier 409.
If the first brake 501 and second brake 502 are braked simultaneously, engine 201, stator 204, the first sun gear 403 brakings, outer rotor 302 and the braking of the first gear ring 406, then the power of internal rotor 301 is by 402 speed change of second level planetary gear train Become after turning round and is exported by the second planet carrier 409.
If the first brake 501 and third brake 503 are braked simultaneously, engine 201, stator 204, the first sun gear 403, internal rotor 301 and the braking of the second sun gear 407, then the power of outer rotor 302 is through the change of 401 speed change of first order planetary gear train After torsion, then after planetary gear train 402 speed change in the second level becomes and turns round, exported by the second planet carrier 409.
If second brake 502 and third brake 503 are braked simultaneously, outer rotor 302, the first gear ring 406, internal rotor 301 and second sun gear 407, then the power of engine 201 is after 401 speed change of first order planetary gear train becomes and turns round, then through second After grade 402 speed change of planetary gear train becomes torsion, passes through the second planet carrier 409 and export.
The dynamical system can be by braking combination different in three brakes, it can be achieved that the power in different dynamic source Coupling, realizes different power distributions.
Optionally, the embodiment of the present invention two also provides a kind of dynamical system.Fig. 6 is provided by Embodiment 2 of the present invention another The structural schematic diagram of kind dynamical system.Optionally, as shown in fig. 6, gear drive 203 further include level-one driving gear 601, Level-one driven gear 602 and two level driving gear 603.Level-one driving gear 601, level-one driven gear 602 and two level driving tooth Wheel 603 can be retarder middle gear.
Second planet carrier 409 is connect with level-one driving gear 601;Level-one driving gear 601 connects with level-one driven gear 602 It connects;Level-one driven gear 602 is connect with two level driving gear 603.
Gear drive 203 passes sequentially through the second planet carrier 409, level-one driving gear 601, level-one driven gear 602 And two level driving gear 603 exports power.
Specifically, in the dynamical system, power is through level-one driving gear 601, level-one driven gear 602 and two level driving tooth 603 output of wheel can reach deceleration purpose by increasing torque.
Optionally, gear drive 203 further includes differential mechanism 604;Differential mechanism 604 is connect with two level driving gear 603.
Gear drive 203 pass sequentially through the second planet carrier 409, level-one driving gear 601, level-one driven gear 602, Two level driving gear 603 and differential mechanism 604 export power.
Specifically, in the dynamical system, the output end of differential mechanism 604 can connect two input terminals of drive shaft, to two While the semiaxis passing power of side, both sides semiaxis is allowed to be rotated with different rotating speeds, meets two sidecar wheels as far as possible with pure rolling Form make Unequal distance traveling, reduce the friction of tire and ground.
Dynamical system provided by Embodiment 2 of the present invention, by using double-rotor machine, planetary gear train, provide it is a variety of not Same power transmission realizes the power coupling in different dynamic source by the different braking combination of multiple brakes, realizes not Same power distribution;Power transmission is carried out by main driven gear, deceleration purpose can be reached by increasing torque;Meanwhile may be used also It can meet two sidecar wheels by differential mechanism progress power transmission and make Unequal distance traveling in the form of pure rolling as far as possible, reduce tire With the friction on ground.
The embodiment of the present invention three also provides a kind of dynamical system.Fig. 7 is a kind of dynamical system that the embodiment of the present invention three provides The structural schematic diagram of system.As shown in fig. 7, dynamical system may include engine 701, motor 702 and gear drive 703.Electricity Machine 702 includes stator 704 and rotor 705.Stator 704 may include magnetic pole winding, and rotor 705 may include iron core.
Engine 701 is connect with gear drive 703;The power of engine 701 is exported by gear drive 703.
Rotor 705 is connect with gear drive 703.
If there is stator 704 inputing power, the inputing power to be converted to the power of rotor 705 and by gear drive 703 outputs.
If stator 704 does not have inputing power, the power of engine 701 drives rotor by gear drive 703 705 so that stator 704 produces electricl energy.
Specifically, engine 701 or petrol engine, can obtain power by fuel consumption.Engine 701 Power can be the power that engine 701 is obtained by fuel consumption.
If there is stator 704 inputing power, the inputing power stator 704 may make to generate rotating excitation field, rotatable magnetic field It may make rotor 705 to generate rotating torques, inputing power be converted to the power of rotor 705.Due to rotor 705 and gear drive Mechanism 703 connects, and the power of rotor 705 can be exported by gear drive 703.That is, if stator 704 has input electricity Can, which can be exchanged into the power of rotor 705, and motor 702 can be used as motor and generate power and by gear drive machine Structure 703 exports.
Since engine 701 can generate power in the dynamical system, the rotor 705 of motor 702 can also generate power, this is dynamic Force system can provide different power, can be hybrid power system.
If stator 704 does not have inputing power, the power of engine 701 can drive gear drive 703 to rotate, by tooth Wheel drive mechanism 703 drives rotor 705 so that stator 704 generates rotation torque with rotor 705, so that stator 704 generates Electric energy realizes the power generation of motor 702, thus motor 702 also can be used as generator and realize power generation.
The dynamical system that the embodiment of the present invention three provides, it may include engine, motor and gear drive;Motor includes Rotor and stator, engine are connect with gear drive;The power of engine is exported by gear drive;Rotor and gear Transmission mechanism connects;If there is stator inputing power, the power that inputing power is converted to rotor to be exported by gear drive;If Stator does not have inputing power, and the power of engine makes stator produce electricl energy by gear drive driving rotor.The power Motor can not only be used for motor and generate power in system, also can be used as generator and produces electricl energy, thus can reduce the dynamical system The space occupied size reduces the arrangement difficulty of each device.
Optionally, the embodiment of the present invention four also provides a kind of dynamical system.Fig. 8 is one kind that the embodiment of the present invention four provides The structural schematic diagram of dynamical system.As shown in figure 8, motor 702 is double-rotor machine;Rotor 705 includes internal rotor 801 and outer turn Son 802;Stator 704 is hollow cylinder;Internal rotor 801 is located at the medial surface of stator 704;Outer rotor 802 is located at the outer of stator 704 Side.
Optionally, the embodiment of the present invention four also provides a kind of dynamical system.Fig. 9 A provide another for the embodiment of the present invention four A kind of structural schematic diagram of dynamical system.Fig. 9 B are first order planet in another dynamical system that the embodiment of the present invention four provides The structural schematic diagram of gear train.Fig. 9 C are second level planetary gear train in another dynamical system that the embodiment of the present invention four provides Structural schematic diagram..As shown in Figure 9 A, optionally, gear drive 703 may include first order planetary gear train 901 and Secondary planetary gear system 902.
As shown in Figure 9 B, first order planetary gear train 901 includes the first sun gear 903, at least one first planetary gear 904, first planet carrier 905 and the first gear ring 906.Each first planetary gear 904 centered on the first sun gear 903, and, first Sun gear 903 engages connection with each first planetary gear 904;First gear ring 906 engages connection with each first planetary gear 904, First planet carrier 905 connects the shaft of at least one first planetary gear 904.Wherein, the first sun gear 903 can around itself Shaft rotates.Each first planetary gear 904 can be rotated around the shaft of itself, can also with first planet carrier 905 around first too The shaft rotation of sun wheel 903.
As shown in Figure 9 C, second level planetary gear train 902 includes the second sun gear 907, at least one second planetary gear 908, the second planet carrier 909 and the second gear ring 910.Each second planetary gear 908 centered on the second sun gear 907, and, second Sun gear 907 engages connection with each second planetary gear 908;Second gear ring 910 engages connection with each second planetary gear 908, Second planet carrier 909 connects the shaft of at least one second planetary gear 908.Wherein, the second sun gear 907 can around itself Shaft rotates.Each second planetary gear 908 can be rotated around the shaft of itself, can also with the second planet carrier 909 around second too The shaft rotation of sun wheel 907.
Engine 701 is connect with the second sun gear 907.
Internal rotor 801 is connect with the first sun gear 903;Outer rotor 802 is connect with the first gear ring 906;First planet carrier 905 It is connect with the second gear ring 910.
Gear drive 903 exports power by the second planet carrier 909.
Optionally, the embodiment of the present invention four also provides a kind of dynamical system.Figure 10 be the embodiment of the present invention four provide and A kind of structural schematic diagram of dynamical system.Optionally, as shown in Figure 10, dynamical system further includes the first brake 1001, second Brake 1002 and third brake 1003.
First brake 1001 be arranged on the first sun gear 903, the first brake 1001 for brake internal rotor 801 and First sun gear 903.
Second brake 1002 is arranged on the first gear ring 906, and second brake 1002 is for braking outer rotor 802 and the One gear ring 906.
Third brake 1003 is arranged on the second sun gear 907, and third brake 1003 is used for 701 He of brake engine Second sun gear 907.
Specifically, if the first brake 1001 is braked, internal rotor 801 and the first sun gear 903 are braked, then outer rotor 802 Power after first order planetary gear train 901 and 902 speed change of second level planetary gear train become and turn round, the power with engine 702 It is exported after coupling.
If second brake 1002 is braked, outer rotor 802 and the braking of the first gear ring 906, then the power of internal rotor 801 is through the Primary planet pinion system 901 and 902 speed change of second level planetary gear train become turn round after, and it is defeated after the power coupling of engine 702 Go out.
If third brake 1003 is braked, engine 701 and the second sun gear 907 are braked, then internal rotor 801 and outer rotor 802 power exports after first order planetary gear train 901 and 902 speed change of second level planetary gear train become and turn round.
If the first brake 1001 and second brake 1002 are braked simultaneously, internal rotor 801, turns first sun gear 903 outside Son 802 and the first gear ring 906 are braked, then the power of output engine 701.
If the first brake 1001 and third brake 1003 are braked simultaneously, internal rotor 801, starts first sun gear 903 Machine 701 and the braking of the second sun gear 907, then the power of outer rotor 802 is through first order planetary gear train 901 and second level planet tooth 902 speed change of train exports after becoming torsion.
If second brake 1002 and second brake 1003 are braked simultaneously, outer rotor 802 and the first gear ring 906 start Machine 701 and the braking of the second sun gear 907, then the power of internal rotor 801 is through first order planetary gear train 901 and second level planet tooth 902 speed change of train exports after becoming torsion.
The dynamical system can be by braking combination different in three brakes, it can be achieved that the power in different dynamic source Coupling, realizes different power distributions.
Optionally, the embodiment of the present invention four also provides a kind of dynamical system.Figure 11 is that the embodiment of the present invention four provides again A kind of structural schematic diagram of dynamical system.Optionally, as shown in figure 11, gear drive 703 further includes level-one driving gear 1101, level-one driven gear 1102 and two level driving gear 1103.Level-one driving gear 1101 connects with level-one driven gear 1102 It connects;Level-one driven gear 1102 is connect with two level driving gear 1103.
Level-one driving gear 1101 is connect with the second planet carrier 909;Level-one driving gear 1101 also connects with engine 701 It connects;Gear drive 703 passes sequentially through the second planet carrier 909, level-one driving gear 1101, level-one driven gear 1102 and two Grade driving gear 1103 exports power.
Specifically, in the dynamical system, power is through level-one driving gear 1101, level-one driven gear 1102 and two level active Gear 1103 exports, and can reach deceleration purpose by increasing torque.
Optionally, gear drive 703 further includes differential mechanism 1104;Differential mechanism 1104 connects with two level driving gear 1103 It connects.
Gear drive 703 passes sequentially through the second planet carrier 907, level-one driving gear 1101, level-one driven gear 1102, two level driving gear 1103 and differential mechanism 1104 export power.
The dynamical system that the embodiment of the present invention four provides, by using double-rotor machine, planetary gear train, provide it is a variety of not Same power transmission realizes the power coupling in different dynamic source by the different braking combination of multiple brakes, realizes not Same power distribution;Power transmission is carried out by main driven gear, deceleration purpose can be reached by increasing torque;Meanwhile may be used also It can meet two sidecar wheels by differential mechanism progress power transmission and make Unequal distance traveling in the form of pure rolling as far as possible, reduce tire With the friction on ground.
The embodiment of the present invention five also provides a kind of vehicle.Figure 12 is the structural representation for the vehicle that the embodiment of the present invention five provides Figure.As shown in figure 12, vehicle includes dynamical system 1201, drive shaft 1202 and driving wheel 1203.
Dynamical system 1201 is any dynamical system in above-described embodiment one or two;The output of dynamical system 1201 End is connect with drive shaft 1202;Drive shaft 1202 is connect with driving wheel 1203.Dynamical system 1201 will be moved by drive shaft 1202 Power is transmitted to driving wheel 1203.
The vehicle that the embodiment of the present invention five provides, it may include any dynamical system in above-described embodiment one or two, Advantage is similar to the above embodiments, and details are not described herein.
The embodiment of the present invention six also provides a kind of vehicle.Figure 13 is the structural representation for the vehicle that the embodiment of the present invention six provides Figure.As shown in figure 13, vehicle includes:Dynamical system 1301, drive shaft 1302 and driving wheel 1303.
Dynamical system 1301 is any dynamical system in above-described embodiment three or four;The output of dynamical system 1301 End is connect with drive shaft 1302;Drive shaft 1302 is connect with driving wheel 1303;Dynamical system 1301 will be moved by drive shaft 1302 Power is transmitted to driving wheel 1303.
The vehicle that the embodiment of the present invention six provides, it may include any dynamical system in above-described embodiment three or four, Advantage is similar to the above embodiments, and details are not described herein.
Finally it should be noted that:The above embodiments are only used to illustrate the technical solution of the present invention., rather than its limitations;To the greatest extent Present invention has been described in detail with reference to the aforementioned embodiments for pipe, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that:Its according to So can with technical scheme described in the above embodiments is modified, either to which part or all technical features into Row equivalent replacement;And these modifications or replacements, various embodiments of the present invention technology that it does not separate the essence of the corresponding technical solution The range of scheme.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of dynamical system, which is characterized in that including:Engine, motor and gear drive;The motor includes:Turn Son and stator;
The engine is connect by the stator with the gear drive;The power of the engine is passed through the stator The gear drive is transported to, and is exported by the gear drive;
The rotor is connect with the gear drive;
If there is the stator inputing power, the inputing power to be converted to the power of the rotor and by the gear drive machine Structure exports;
If the stator does not have inputing power, the power of the engine is transmitted to the gear drive machine through the stator Structure drives the rotor so that the stator is produced electricl energy by the gear drive.
2. dynamical system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the motor is double-rotor machine;The rotor packet Include internal rotor and outer rotor;The stator is hollow cylinder;The internal rotor is located at the medial surface of the stator;The outer rotor Positioned at the lateral surface of the stator.
3. dynamical system according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the gear drive includes:First order planet Gear train and second level planetary gear train;The first order planetary gear train includes:First sun gear, at least one first planet Wheel, first planet carrier and the first gear ring;The second level planetary gear train includes:Second sun gear, at least one second planet Wheel, the second planet carrier and the second gear ring;
The engine is connect with the stator;The stator is connect with first sun gear;The internal rotor and described the Two sun gears connect;The outer rotor is connect with first gear ring;The first planet carrier is connect with second gear ring;
The gear drive exports power by second planet carrier.
4. dynamical system according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the dynamical system further includes:First brake, Two brakes and third brake;First brake is arranged on first sun gear, and first brake is used for Brake the engine, the stator and first sun gear;
The second brake is arranged on first gear ring, and the second brake is for braking the outer rotor and described First gear ring;
The third brake is arranged on second sun gear, and the third brake is for braking the internal rotor and institute State the second sun gear.
5. dynamical system according to claim 3 or 4, which is characterized in that the gear drive further includes:Level-one master Moving gear, level-one driven gear and two level driving gear;
Second planet carrier is connect with the level-one driving gear;The level-one driving gear connects with the level-one driven gear It connects;The level-one driven gear is connect with the two level driving gear;
The gear drive passes sequentially through second planet carrier, the level-one driving gear, the level-one driven gear And the two level driving gear exports power.
6. dynamical system according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the gear drive further includes:Differential mechanism;Institute Differential mechanism is stated to connect with the two level driving gear;
The gear drive pass sequentially through second planet carrier, the level-one driving gear, the level-one driven gear, The two level driving gear and the differential mechanism export power.
7. a kind of vehicle, which is characterized in that including:Dynamical system, drive shaft and driving wheel;
The dynamical system is the dynamical system described in any one of the claims 1-6;The dynamical system and the drive Moving axis connects;The drive shaft is connect with the driving wheel;The dynamical system is by the drive shaft by power transmission to institute State driving wheel.
CN201610176768.3A 2016-03-25 2016-03-25 Dynamical system and vehicle Active CN105774513B (en)

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CN106369115A (en) * 2016-11-21 2017-02-01 郭克亚 Planetary dual-rotor driving device

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JP2010208486A (en) * 2009-03-10 2010-09-24 Mazda Motor Corp Control device for hybrid vehicle
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