CN105718027A - Management method of background application programs and mobile terminal - Google Patents

Management method of background application programs and mobile terminal Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105718027A
CN105718027A CN201610038672.0A CN201610038672A CN105718027A CN 105718027 A CN105718027 A CN 105718027A CN 201610038672 A CN201610038672 A CN 201610038672A CN 105718027 A CN105718027 A CN 105718027A
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China
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background application
described
foreground
mobile terminal
bright screen
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CN201610038672.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105718027B (en
Inventor
敖武阳
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努比亚技术有限公司
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F1/00Details not covered by groups G06F3/00 – G06F13/00 and G06F21/00
    • G06F1/26Power supply means, e.g. regulation thereof
    • G06F1/32Means for saving power
    • G06F1/3203Power management, i.e. event-based initiation of power-saving mode
    • G06F1/3234Power saving characterised by the action undertaken
    • G06F1/329Power saving characterised by the action undertaken by task scheduling

Abstract

The invention discloses a mobile terminal. The mobile terminal comprises an acquisition module, a calculation module and a closing module, wherein the acquisition module is used for acquiring foreground use parameters respectively corresponding to each background application program in a plurality of bright screen time periods after the mobile terminal goes into a black screen time period; the calculation module is used for calculating a relevance of each background application program in a current black screen time period according to a relevance ranking algorithm and the foreground use parameters respectively corresponding to each background application program in the plurality of bright screen time periods, the relevance is used for expressing a probability of switching the background application programs to a foreground in a next bright screen time period of the current black screen time period; the closing module is used for closing the background application programs if the background application programs having the relevance smaller than a preset threshold value are available. The invention also discloses a management method of the background application programs; the electricity consumption can be effectively reduced.

Description

The management method of background application and mobile terminal

Technical field

The present invention relates to technical field of mobile terminals, particularly relate to management method and the mobile terminal of a kind of background application.

Background technology

Along with popularizing of smart mobile phone, the application program used gets more and more, even if many application programs operate in backstage and also can consume electricity, according to statistics, the power consumption of 2000 mobile terminals is analyzed, and the daily power consumption of average 28.9% is putting out screen period background application consumption.Therefore, how putting out the screen period, the application program of mobile terminal running background is managed the amount of saving energy is current problem demanding prompt solution.

Summary of the invention

Present invention is primarily targeted at the management method and mobile terminal that propose a kind of background application, it is intended to solve to put out screen period background application and consume the problem that electricity is bigger.

For achieving the above object, a kind of mobile terminal provided by the invention, described mobile terminal includes:

Acquisition module, after entering put out the screen period at mobile terminal, obtains each background application and uses parameter on the foreground that multiple bright screen periods are corresponding respectively;

Computing module, for using parameter and preset relevancy algorithm according to background application each described on the foreground that multiple bright screen periods are corresponding respectively, calculating each described background application at the degree of association currently putting out the screen period, described degree of association is for representing that background application is switched to the probability on foreground in the next bright screen period currently putting out the screen period;

Closing module, if being used for the background application that there is degree of association less than the threshold value pre-set, then closing described background application.

Alternatively, described computing module specifically for:

The degree of association of each background application is calculated according to following relevancy algorithm, including;

BFC k ( B k ) = Σ b ∈ B k X k ( b ) / | B k |

Wherein, BkRepresenting the sequence that the plurality of bright screen period constitutes, b then represents at BkIn the b bright screen period, k represents kth background application, | Bk| represent total number of the plurality of bright screen period, XkB () represents that kth application program is at foreground use parameter corresponding to the b bright screen period, BFCk(Bk) represent that kth background application is at the degree of association currently putting out the screen period.

Alternatively, described computing module specifically for:

The degree of association of each background application is calculated according to following relevancy algorithm, including:

BFCk(i)=β BFCk(i-1)+(1-β)·Xk(i);

Wherein, k represents kth background application, i represent currently put out screen the period, β represents preset constant, XkI () represents that foreground corresponding to kth application program in the end bright screen period uses parameter, BFCkI () represents that kth background application is at the degree of association currently putting out the screen period, BFCk(i-1) represent that kth background application is at upper one degree of association putting out the screen period;

Wherein, the initial value of i is 1, and BFCk(0) value is preset constant.

Alternatively, described foreground use parameter be background application within the bright screen period whether in front stage operation mistake;If in front stage operation mistake, then the value of described foreground use parameter is the first default numerical value;If not in front stage operation mistake, then the value of described foreground use parameter is default second value.

Alternatively, described acquisition module includes:

List acquisition module, for obtaining the list of the background application of described mobile terminal;

Determine module, for from the list of described background application, it is determined that the not background application set in preset white list, described white list comprises the application program that need not close;

Parameter acquisition module, uses parameter for obtaining each background application in described background application set on the foreground that multiple bright screen periods are corresponding respectively.

Additionally, for achieving the above object, the present invention also provides for the management method of a kind of background application, and described method includes:

After mobile terminal enters and puts out the screen period, obtain each background application and use parameter on the foreground that multiple bright screen periods are corresponding respectively;

Parameter and preset relevancy algorithm is used on the foreground that multiple bright screen periods are corresponding respectively according to background application each described, calculating each described background application at the degree of association currently putting out the screen period, described degree of association is for representing that background application is switched to the probability on foreground in the next bright screen period currently putting out the screen period;

If there is degree of association less than the background application of the threshold value pre-set, then close described background application.

Alternatively, described use parameter and preset relevancy algorithm according to background application each described on the foreground that multiple bright screen periods are respectively corresponding, calculate each described background application and include in the step of the degree of association currently putting out the screen period:

The degree of association of each background application is calculated according to following relevancy algorithm, including;

BFC k ( B k ) = Σ b ∈ B k X k ( b ) / | B k |

Wherein, BkRepresenting the sequence that the plurality of bright screen period constitutes, b then represents at BkIn the b bright screen period, k represents kth background application, | Bk| represent total number of the plurality of bright screen period, XkB () represents that kth application program is at foreground use parameter corresponding to the b bright screen period, BFCk(Bk) represent that kth background application is at the degree of association currently putting out the screen period.

Alternatively, described use parameter and preset relevancy algorithm according to background application each described on the foreground that multiple bright screen periods are respectively corresponding, calculate each described background application and include in the step of the degree of association currently putting out the screen period:

The degree of association of each background application is calculated according to following relevancy algorithm, including:

BFCk(i)=β BFCk(i-1)+(1-β)·Xk(i);

Wherein, k represents kth background application, i represent currently put out screen the period, β represents preset constant, XkI () represents that foreground corresponding to kth application program in the end bright screen period uses parameter, BFCkI () represents that kth background application is at the degree of association currently putting out the screen period, BFCk(i-1) represent that kth background application is at upper one degree of association putting out the screen period;

Wherein, the initial value of i is 1, and BFCk(0) value is preset constant.

Alternatively, described foreground use parameter be background application within the bright screen period whether in front stage operation mistake;If in front stage operation mistake, then the value of described foreground use parameter is the first default numerical value;If not in front stage operation mistake, then the value of described foreground use parameter is default second value.

Alternatively, each background application of described acquisition uses the step of parameter to include on the foreground that multiple bright screen periods are corresponding respectively:

Obtain the list of the background application of described mobile terminal;

From the list of described background application, it is determined that the not background application set in preset white list, described white list comprises the application program that need not close;

Obtain each background application in described background application set and use parameter on the foreground that multiple bright screen periods are corresponding respectively.

The mobile terminal that the present invention proposes, after this mobile terminal enters and puts out the screen period, acquisition module 301 obtains each background application and uses parameter on the foreground that multiple bright screen periods are corresponding respectively, and used parameter and preset relevancy algorithm according to each background application on the foreground that multiple bright screen periods are corresponding respectively by computing module 302, calculate each background application at the degree of association currently putting out the screen period, if and there is degree of association less than the background application of the threshold value pre-set, then close module 303 and close this background application.Owing to degree of association represents that background application is used by a user the probability of (being namely switched to foreground) in the next bright screen period currently putting out the screen period, therefore, by closing the degree of association mode less than the background application of the threshold value pre-set, it is possible to achieve when trying one's best, electric quantity consumption is saved in low affecting user uses.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the hardware architecture diagram realizing each one optional mobile terminal of embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the wireless communication system schematic diagram of mobile terminal as shown in Figure 1;

Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of the functional module of mobile terminal in first embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 4 is bright screen period and the schematic diagram putting out the screen period in the embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of the refinement functional module of acquisition module 301 in first embodiment shown in Fig. 3 of the present invention;

Fig. 6 is the schematic flow sheet of the management method of background application in second embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 7 is the schematic flow sheet of the refinement step of step 601 in the second embodiment shown in Fig. 6 of the present invention.

The realization of the object of the invention, functional characteristics and advantage will in conjunction with the embodiments, are described further with reference to accompanying drawing.

Detailed description of the invention

Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is only in order to explain the present invention, is not intended to limit the present invention.

The mobile terminal realizing each embodiment of the present invention is described referring now to accompanying drawing.In follow-up description, use the suffix being used for representing such as " module ", " parts " or " unit " of element only for being conducive to the explanation of the present invention, itself do not have specific meaning.Therefore, " module " and " parts " can mixedly use.

Mobile terminal can be implemented in a variety of manners.Such as, the terminal described in the present invention can include the mobile terminal of such as mobile phone, smart phone, notebook computer, digit broadcasting receiver, PDA (personal digital assistant), PAD (panel computer), PMP (portable media player), guider etc. and the fixed terminal of such as numeral TV, desk computer etc..Hereinafter it is assumed that terminal is mobile terminal.However, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that, except being used in particular for the element of mobile purpose, structure according to the embodiment of the present invention can also apply to the terminal of fixed type.

Fig. 1 is the hardware configuration signal realizing each one optional mobile terminal of embodiment of the present invention.

Mobile terminal 100 can include wireless communication unit 110, A/V (audio/video) input block 120, user input unit 130, sensing unit 140, output unit 150, memorizer 160, interface unit 170, controller 180 and power subsystem 190 etc..Fig. 1 illustrates the mobile terminal with various assembly, it should be understood that be not required for implementing all assemblies illustrated.Can alternatively implement more or less of assembly.Will be discussed in more detail below the element of mobile terminal.

Wireless communication unit 110 generally includes one or more assembly, and it allows the radio communication between mobile terminal 100 and wireless communication system or network.Such as, wireless communication unit 110 can include at least one in broadcast reception module 111, mobile communication module 112, wireless Internet module 113, short range communication module 114 and positional information module 115.

Broadcast reception module 111 manages server via broadcast channel from external broadcasting and receives broadcast singal and/or broadcast related information.Broadcast channel can include satellite channel and/or terrestrial channel.Broadcast management server can be generate and send the server of broadcast singal and/or broadcast related information or broadcast singal that reception is previously created and/or broadcast related information and send it to the server of terminal.Broadcast singal can include TV broadcast singal, radio signals, data broadcasting signal etc..And, broadcast singal may further include the broadcast singal combined with TV or radio signals.Broadcast related information can also provide via mobile communications network, and in this case, broadcast related information can be received by mobile communication module 112.Broadcast singal can exist in a variety of manners, such as, it can exist with the electronic program guides (EPG) of DMB (DMB), the form of the electronic service guidebooks (ESG) etc. of digital video broadcast-handheld (DVB-H).Broadcast reception module 111 can be passed through to use various types of broadcast systems to receive signal broadcast.Especially, broadcast reception module 111 can be passed through to use such as multimedia broadcasting-ground (DMB-T), DMB-satellite (DMB-S), DVB-hand-held (DVB-H), forward link media (MediaFLO) Radio Data System, received terrestrial digital broadcasting integrated service (ISDB-T) etc. digit broadcasting system receive digital broadcasting.Broadcast reception module 111 may be constructed such that the various broadcast systems and above-mentioned digit broadcasting system that are adapted to provide for broadcast singal.The broadcast singal and/or the broadcast related information that receive via broadcast reception module 111 can be stored in memorizer 160 (or other type of storage medium).

Mobile communication module 112 sends radio signals at least one in base station (such as, access point, node B etc.), exterior terminal and server and/or receives from it radio signal.Such radio signal can include voice call signal, video calling signal or the various types of data sending according to text and/or Multimedia Message and/or receiving.

Wireless Internet module 113 supports the Wi-Fi (Wireless Internet Access) of mobile terminal.This module can internally or externally be couple to terminal.Wi-Fi (Wireless Internet Access) technology involved by this module can include WLAN (WLAN) (Wi-Fi), Wibro (WiMAX), Wimax (worldwide interoperability for microwave access), HSDPA (high-speed downlink packet access) etc..

Short range communication module 114 is the module for supporting junction service.Some examples of short-range communication technology include bluetoothTM, RF identification (RFID), Infrared Data Association (IrDA), ultra broadband (UWB), purple honeybeeTMEtc..

Positional information module 115 is the module of positional information for checking or obtain mobile terminal.The typical case of positional information module is GPS (global positioning system).According to current technology, GPS module calculates from the range information of three or more satellites and correct time information and the Information application triangulation for calculating, thus according to longitude, latitude with highly accurately calculate three-dimensional current location information.Currently, the method for calculating position and temporal information uses three satellites and the error by the position using an other satellite correction to calculate and temporal information.Additionally, GPS module can calculate velocity information by Continuous plus current location information in real time.

A/V input block 120 is used for receiving audio or video signal.A/V input block 120 can include camera 121 and mike 122, and the view data of the camera 121 static images to being obtained by image capture apparatus in Video Capture pattern or image capture mode or video processes.Picture frame after process may be displayed on display unit 151.Picture frame after camera 121 processes can be stored in memorizer 160 (or other storage medium) or be transmitted via wireless communication unit 110, it is possible to provide two or more cameras 1210 according to the structure of mobile terminal.Such acoustic processing can via microphones sound (voice data) in telephone calling model, logging mode, speech recognition mode etc. operational mode, and can be voice data by mike 122.Audio frequency (voice) data after process can be converted to the form output that can be sent to mobile communication base station via mobile communication module 112 when telephone calling model.Mike 122 can implement various types of noise elimination (or suppression) algorithm to eliminate (or suppression) in the noise received and produce in the process of transmission audio signal or interference.

User input unit 130 can generate key input data to control the various operations of mobile terminal according to the order of user's input.User input unit 130 allows user to input various types of information, and can include keyboard, metal dome, touch pad (such as, detection due to touched and cause resistance, pressure, electric capacity etc. the sensitive component of change), roller, rocking bar etc..Especially, when touch pad is superimposed upon on display unit 151 as a layer, it is possible to form touch screen.

Sensing unit 140 detects the current state of mobile terminal 100, (such as, mobile terminal 100 open or close state), the position of mobile terminal 100, user for mobile terminal 100 contact (namely, touch input) presence or absence, the orientation of mobile terminal 100, mobile terminal 100 acceleration or deceleration move and direction etc., and generate the order of operation for controlling mobile terminal 100 or signal.Such as, when mobile terminal 100 is embodied as sliding-type mobile phone, sensing unit 140 can sense this sliding-type phone and open or close.It addition, sensing unit 140 can detect power subsystem 190 and whether provide whether electric power or interface unit 170 couple with external device (ED).

Interface unit 170 is used as at least one external device (ED) and is connected, with mobile terminal 100, the interface that can pass through.Such as, external device (ED) can include wired or wireless head-band earphone port, external power source (or battery charger) port, wired or wireless FPDP, memory card port, for connecting the port of the device with identification module, audio frequency input/output (I/O) port, video i/o port, ear port etc..Identification module can be that storage is for verifying that user uses the various information of mobile terminal 100 and can include subscriber identification module (UIM), client identification module (SIM), Universal Subscriber identification module (USIM) etc..It addition, the device (hereinafter referred to " identifying device ") with identification module can take the form of smart card, therefore, identify that device can be connected with mobile terminal 100 via port or other connecting device.Interface unit 170 may be used for receiving from the input (such as, data message, electric power etc.) of external device (ED) and the one or more elements being transferred in mobile terminal 100 by the input received or may be used for transmission data between mobile terminal and external device (ED).

Additionally, when mobile terminal 100 is connected with external base, interface unit 170 can serve as and allows to provide the path of mobile terminal 100 or can serve as to allow to be transferred to the path of mobile terminal from the various command signals of base input by it from base electric power by it.May serve as whether identification mobile terminal is accurately fitted within the signal base from the various command signals of base input or electric power.Output unit 150 is configured to provide output signal (such as, audio signal, video signal, alarm signal, vibration signal etc.) with vision, audio frequency and/or tactile manner.Output unit 150 can include display unit 151, dio Output Modules 152 etc..

Display unit 151 may be displayed on the information processed in mobile terminal 100.Such as, when mobile terminal 100 is in telephone calling model, display unit 151 can show the user interface (UI) relevant with call or other communicate (such as, text messaging, multimedia file download etc.) or graphic user interface (GUI).When being in video calling pattern or image capture mode when mobile terminal 100, display unit 151 can show the image of image and/or the reception caught, UI or GUI illustrating video or image and correlation function etc..

Meanwhile, when display unit 151 and touch pad as a layer superposed on one another to form touch screen time, display unit 151 can serve as input equipment and output device.Display unit 151 can include at least one in liquid crystal display (LCD), thin film transistor (TFT) LCD (TFT-LCD), Organic Light Emitting Diode (OLED) display, flexible display, three-dimensional (3D) display etc..Some in these display may be constructed such that transparence is to allow user to watch from outside, and this is properly termed as transparent display, and typical transparent display can be such as TOLED (transparent organic light emitting diode) display etc..According to the specific embodiment wanted, mobile terminal 100 can include two or more display units (or other display device), such as, mobile terminal can include outernal display unit (not shown) and inner display unit (not shown).Touch screen can be used for detecting touch input pressure and touch input position and touch input area.

Dio Output Modules 152 can mobile terminal be in call signal receive under the isotype such as pattern, call mode, logging mode, speech recognition mode, broadcast reception mode time, that wireless communication unit 110 is received or storage in memorizer 160 voice data transducing audio signal and be output as sound.And, dio Output Modules 152 can provide the audio frequency output (such as, call signal receive sound, message sink sound etc.) relevant to the specific function of mobile terminal 100 execution.Dio Output Modules 152 can include speaker, buzzer etc..

Memorizer 160 can store the process performed by controller 180 and the software program controlling operation etc., or can temporarily store the data (such as, telephone directory, message, still image, video etc.) that oneself maybe will export through output.And, memorizer 160 can store the vibration about the various modes exported when touching and being applied to touch screen and the data of audio signal.

Memorizer 160 can include the storage medium of at least one type, described storage medium includes flash memory, hard disk, multimedia card, card-type memorizer (such as, SD or DX memorizer etc.), random access storage device (RAM), static random-access memory (SRAM), read only memory (ROM), Electrically Erasable Read Only Memory (EEPROM), programmable read only memory (PROM), magnetic storage, disk, CD etc..And, mobile terminal 100 can be connected the network storage device cooperation of the storage function performing memorizer 160 with by network.

Controller 180 generally controls the overall operation of mobile terminal.Such as, controller 180 performs the control relevant to voice call, data communication, video calling etc. and process.It addition, controller 180 can include the multi-media module 181 for reproducing (or playback) multi-medium data, multi-media module 181 can construct in controller 180, or it is so structured that separates with controller 180.Controller 180 can perform pattern recognition process, so that the handwriting input performed on the touchscreen or picture drafting input are identified as character or image.

Power subsystem 190 receives external power or internal power under the control of controller 180 and provides the suitable electric power operated needed for each element and assembly.

Various embodiment described herein can to use such as computer software, hardware or its any combination of computer-readable medium to implement.Hardware is implemented, embodiment described herein can pass through to use application-specific IC (ASIC), digital signal processor (DSP), digital signal processing device (DSPD), programmable logic device (PLD), field programmable gate array (FPGA), processor, controller, microcontroller, microprocessor, at least one that is designed to perform in the electronic unit of function described herein to implement, in some cases, such embodiment can be implemented in controller 180.Implementing for software, the embodiment of such as process or function can be implemented with allowing the independent software module performing at least one function or operation.Software code can be implemented by the software application (or program) write with any suitable programming language, and software code can be stored in memorizer 160 and be performed by controller 180.

So far, oneself is through describing mobile terminal according to its function.Below, for the sake of brevity, by the slide type mobile terminal in the various types of mobile terminals describing such as folded form, board-type, oscillating-type, slide type mobile terminal etc. exemplarily.Therefore, the present invention can be applied to any kind of mobile terminal, and is not limited to slide type mobile terminal.

Mobile terminal 100 as shown in Figure 1 may be constructed such that utilization operates via such as wired and wireless communication system and the satellite-based communication system of frame or packet transmission data.

The communication system being wherein operable to according to the mobile terminal of the present invention is described referring now to Fig. 2.

Such communication system can use different air interfaces and/or physical layer.Such as, the air interface used by communication system includes such as frequency division multiple access (FDMA), time division multiple acess (TDMA), CDMA (CDMA) and UMTS (UMTS) (especially, Long Term Evolution (LTE)), global system for mobile communications (GSM) etc..As non-limiting example, as explained below relates to cdma communication system, but such instruction is equally applicable to other type of system.

With reference to Fig. 2, cdma wireless communication system can include multiple mobile terminal 100, multiple base station (BS) 270, base station controller (BSC) 275 and mobile switching centre (MSC) 280.MSC280 is configured to form interface with Public Switched Telephony Network (PSTN) 290.MSC280 is also structured to and the BSC275 formation interface that can be couple to base station 270 via back haul link.Back haul link can construct according to any one in some interfaces that oneself knows, described interface includes such as E1/T1, ATM, IP, PPP, frame relay, HDSL, ADSL or xDSL.It will be appreciated that system as shown in Figure 2 can include multiple BSC2750.

Each BS270 can service one or more subregion (or region), by each subregion of multidirectional antenna or the antenna covering pointing to specific direction radially away from BS270.Or, each subregion can be covered by two or more antennas for diversity reception.Each BS270 may be constructed such that support multiple frequencies distribution, and the distribution of each frequency has specific frequency spectrum (such as, 1.25MHz, 5MHz etc.).

Intersecting that subregion and frequency are distributed can be referred to as CDMA Channel.BS270 can also be referred to as base station transceiver subsystem (BTS) or other equivalent terms.In this case, term " base station " may be used for broadly representing single BSC275 and at least one BS270.Base station can also be referred to as " cellular station ".Or, each subregion of specific BS270 can be referred to as multiple cellular station.

As shown in Figure 2, broadcast singal is sent in system the mobile terminal 100 of operation by broadcsting transmitter (BT) 295.Broadcast reception module 111 as shown in Figure 1 is arranged on mobile terminal 100 and sentences the broadcast singal that reception is sent by BT295.In fig. 2 it is shown that several global positioning systems (GPS) satellite 300.Satellite 300 helps to position at least one in multiple mobile terminals 100.

In fig. 2, depict multiple satellite 300, it is understood that be, it is possible to use any number of satellite obtains useful location information.Positional information module 115 as shown in Figure 1 is generally configured to coordinate the location information wanted with acquisition with satellite 300, and the typical case of this positional information module 115 is GPS.Substitute GPS tracking technique or outside GPS tracking technique, it is possible to use other technology of the position of mobile terminal can be followed the tracks of.It addition, at least one gps satellite 300 can optionally or additionally process satellite dmb transmission.

As a typical operation of wireless communication system, BS270 receives the reverse link signal from various mobile terminals 100.Mobile terminal 100 generally participates in call, information receiving and transmitting communicates with other type of.Each reverse link signal that certain base station 270 receives is processed in specific BS270.The data obtained are forwarded to relevant BSC275.BSC provides call resource distribution and the mobile management function of the coordination of soft switching process included between BS270.The data received also are routed to MSC280 by BSC275, and it provides the extra route service for forming interface with PSTN290.Similarly, PSTN290 and MSC280 forms interface, and MSC and BSC275 forms interface, and BSC275 correspondingly controls BS270 so that forward link signals to be sent to mobile terminal 100.

Based on above-mentioned mobile terminal hardware configuration and communication system, it is proposed to each embodiment of the inventive method.

Owing to, in prior art, putting out the screen period, the background application power consumption of mobile terminal running background is relatively big, causes that the battery power consumption of mobile terminal is too fast.

For this, the present invention proposes a kind of mobile terminal, it is possible to putting out the screen period, background application is managed, to reduce mobile terminal at the power consumption putting out the screen period.

Concrete, refer to Fig. 3, for the schematic diagram of the functional module of mobile terminal in first embodiment of the invention, this mobile terminal includes: acquisition module 301, computing module 302 and closedown module 303.

Acquisition module 301, after entering put out the screen period at mobile terminal, obtains each background application and uses parameter on the foreground that multiple bright screen periods are corresponding respectively;

In embodiments of the present invention, the bright screen period refers to that mobile terminal is in the time period of continuous bright screen state, refers to that mobile terminal is in the time period putting out screen state continuously when putting out the screen period.Wherein, the bright screen period with put out screen the period be spaced.In order to make it easy to understand, refer to Fig. 4, in the embodiment of the present invention, bright screen period and put out the schematic diagram of screen period, in the diagram, dotted portion represents the bright screen period, and bold portion represents and puts out the screen period, and the direction of arrow represents time orientation.

Wherein, mobile terminal is when being in the bright screen period, and user can use the function that this mobile terminal provides, for instance, start application program, the application program of running background is switched to foreground and uses, close application program etc..

Wherein, mobile terminal be in put out screen state time, all application programs having been turned in mobile terminal will at running background.

Wherein, it is the background application in the embodiment of the present invention at the application program of running background.

In embodiments of the present invention, mobile terminal is by the record bright screen period and puts out the screen period, and in each bright screen period, the foreground of the application program being in opening in mobile terminal uses parameter.

In embodiments of the present invention, after mobile terminal enters and puts out the screen period, acquisition module 301 obtains each background application and uses parameter on the foreground that multiple bright screen periods are corresponding respectively.

In embodiments of the present invention, for a background application, the plurality of bright screen period can be since this background application starts, its all bright screen periods experienced, such as: if an application program starts at 8 a.m., then from after this application program launching, beginning to record this application program and use parameter after 8 and 8 on the foreground of each bright screen period.

In embodiments of the present invention, foreground use parameter be background application within the bright screen period whether in front stage operation mistake, wherein, when the bright screen period, the application program of running background can be switched to front stage operation by handover operation by user, or application program can be started so that the application program of startup is at front stage operation.

Wherein, in some bright screen period, if application program k is in front stage operation mistake, then this application program k uses parameter to be default the first numerical value on the foreground of this bright screen period;Or, in some bright screen period, if application program k is not in front stage operation mistake, then this application program k uses parameter to be default second value on the foreground of this bright screen period.

Wherein it is possible to be arranged as required to the first numerical value and second value, for instance the first numerical value can be set to 1, second value is set to 0.

Computing module 302, for using parameter and preset relevancy algorithm according to each background application on the foreground that multiple bright screen periods are corresponding respectively, calculates each background application at the degree of association currently putting out the screen period;

In embodiments of the present invention, mobile terminal is after the screen period is put out in entrance, and currently putting out the screen period getting, each background application of mobile terminal is after the foreground that multiple bright screen periods are corresponding respectively uses parameter, computing module 302 will use parameter and preset relevancy algorithm according to this each background application on the foreground that multiple bright screen periods are corresponding respectively, calculates each background application at the degree of association currently putting out the screen period.Wherein, background application refers at the degree of association currently putting out the screen period: this background application is currently putting out the probability at front stage operation of the next bright screen period of screen period.

Concrete, computing module 302 can calculate the degree of association of each background application according to following relevancy algorithm, including:

BFC k ( B k ) = Σ b ∈ B k X k ( b ) / | B k | ; Formula (1)

In formula (1), BkRepresenting the sequence that multiple bright screen period constitutes, b then represents at BkIn the b bright screen period, k represents kth background application, | Bk| represent total number of multiple bright screen period, XkB () represents that kth application program is at foreground use parameter corresponding to the b bright screen period, BFCk(Bk) represent that kth background application is at the degree of association currently putting out the screen period.

Wherein, if it is that (1 represented the b bright screen period example that foreground uses the value of parameter to be 1 or 0, background application k is in front stage operation mistake, 0 expression is not crossed at front stage operation at the b bright screen period background application k), then the degree of association of background application changes between 0 to 1, and degree of association is more little, it was shown that this background application is within the next bright screen period currently putting out the screen period, more little at the probability of front stage operation.Therefore, it can determine the need for closing background application based on calculated degree of association so that power consumption can not only be reduced, additionally it is possible to reduce because closing the impact that backstage answers program that user is used.

Or,

Computing module 302 can calculate the degree of association of each background application according to following relevancy algorithm, including:

BFCk(i)=β BFCk(i-1)+(1-β)·Xk(i);Formula (2)

In formula (2), k represents kth background application, i represent currently put out screen the period, β represents preset constant, XkI () represents that foreground corresponding to kth application program in the end bright screen period uses parameter, BFCkI () represents that kth background application is at the degree of association currently putting out the screen period, BFCk(i-1) represent that kth background application is at upper one degree of association putting out the screen period;

Wherein, the initial value of i is 1, and BFCk(0) value is preset constant, for instance, this constant can be 0.5.

In formula (2), computing module 302 is to utilize background application currently to put out the degree of association of screen period in the previous relatedness computation putting out the screen period.

Closing module 303, if being used for the background application that there is degree of association less than the threshold value pre-set, then closing background application.

In embodiments of the present invention, computing module 302 is after calculating the degree of association currently putting out screen each background application of period, to judge that whether the degree of association of background application is less than the threshold value pre-set successively, if and there is degree of association less than the threshold value background application pre-set, then close module 303 by this background application of closedown.

In embodiments of the present invention, after mobile terminal enters and puts out the screen period, acquisition module 301 obtains each background application and uses parameter on the foreground that multiple bright screen periods are corresponding respectively, and used parameter and preset relevancy algorithm according to each background application on the foreground that multiple bright screen periods are corresponding respectively by computing module 302, calculate each background application at the degree of association currently putting out the screen period, if and there is degree of association less than the background application of the threshold value pre-set, then close module 303 and close this background application.Owing to degree of association represents that background application is used by a user the probability of (being namely switched to foreground) in the next bright screen period currently putting out the screen period, therefore, by closing the degree of association mode less than the background application of the threshold value pre-set, it is possible to achieve when trying one's best, electric quantity consumption is saved in low affecting user uses.

Referring to Fig. 5, for the schematic diagram of the refinement functional module of acquisition module 301 in first embodiment shown in Fig. 3 of the present invention, this acquisition module 301 includes: list acquisition module 501, determine module 502 and parameter acquisition module 503.

List acquisition module 501, for obtaining the list of the background application of mobile terminal;

Determine module 502, for from the list of background application, it is determined that the not background application set in preset white list, white list comprises the application program that need not close;

Parameter acquisition module 503, uses parameter for obtaining each background application in background application set on the foreground that multiple bright screen periods are corresponding respectively.

In embodiments of the present invention, mobile terminal enters after putting out the screen period, list acquisition module 501 obtains the list of the background application of mobile terminal, and by determining that module 502 is from the list of this background application, the set of the background application determined not in preset white list, wherein, this white list comprises the application program that need not close, for instance health monitoring application, wechat application etc..Therefore, determine the application program that the background application comprised in the set of the background application that module 502 obtains is not in white list, and parameter acquisition module 503 uses parameter by obtaining each background application in this background application set on the foreground that multiple bright screen periods are corresponding respectively, make it possible to the mode by arranging white list, some application programs are not turned off, to avoid affecting the experience of user.

Referring to Fig. 6, for the schematic flow sheet of the management method of background application in second embodiment of the invention, the method includes:

Step 601, after mobile terminal enters and puts out the screen period, obtain each background application and use parameter on the foreground that multiple bright screen periods are respectively corresponding;

In embodiments of the present invention, the bright screen period refers to that mobile terminal is in the time period of continuous bright screen state, refers to that mobile terminal is in the time period putting out screen state continuously when putting out the screen period.Wherein, the bright screen period with put out screen the period be spaced.In order to make it easy to understand, refer to Fig. 4, in the embodiment of the present invention, bright screen period and put out the schematic diagram of screen period, in the diagram, dotted portion represents the bright screen period, and bold portion represents and puts out the screen period, and the direction of arrow represents time orientation.

Wherein, mobile terminal is when being in the bright screen period, and user can use the function that this mobile terminal provides, for instance, start application program, the application program of running background is switched to foreground and uses, close application program etc..

Wherein, mobile terminal be in put out screen state time, all application programs having been turned in mobile terminal will at running background.

Wherein, it is the background application in the embodiment of the present invention at the application program of running background.

In embodiments of the present invention, mobile terminal is by the record bright screen period and puts out the screen period, and in each bright screen period, the foreground of the application program being in opening in mobile terminal uses parameter.

In embodiments of the present invention, after mobile terminal enters and puts out the screen period, obtain each background application and use parameter on the foreground that multiple bright screen periods are corresponding respectively.

In embodiments of the present invention, for a background application, the plurality of bright screen period can be since this background application starts, its all bright screen periods experienced, such as: if an application program starts at 8 a.m., then from after this application program launching, beginning to record this application program and use parameter after 8 and 8 on the foreground of each bright screen period.

In embodiments of the present invention, foreground use parameter be background application within the bright screen period whether in front stage operation mistake, wherein, when the bright screen period, the application program of running background can be switched to front stage operation by handover operation by user, or application program can be started so that the application program of startup is at front stage operation.

Wherein, in some bright screen period, if application program k is in front stage operation mistake, then this application program k uses parameter to be default the first numerical value on the foreground of this bright screen period;Or, in some bright screen period, if application program k is not in front stage operation mistake, then this application program k uses parameter to be default second value on the foreground of this bright screen period.

Wherein it is possible to be arranged as required to the first numerical value and second value, for instance the first numerical value can be set to 1, second value is set to 0.

Step 602, use parameter and preset relevancy algorithm according to each background application on the foreground that multiple bright screen periods are respectively corresponding, calculate each background application at the degree of association currently putting out the screen period;

In embodiments of the present invention, mobile terminal is after the screen period is put out in entrance, and currently putting out the screen period getting, each background application of mobile terminal is after the foreground that multiple bright screen periods are corresponding respectively uses parameter, mobile terminal will use parameter and preset relevancy algorithm according to this each background application on the foreground that multiple bright screen periods are corresponding respectively, calculates each background application at the degree of association currently putting out the screen period.Wherein, background application refers at the degree of association currently putting out the screen period: this background application is currently putting out the probability at front stage operation of the next bright screen period of screen period.

Concrete, mobile terminal can calculate the degree of association of each background application according to following relevancy algorithm, including:

BFC k ( B k ) = Σ b ∈ B k X k ( b ) / | B k | ; Formula (1)

In formula (1), BkRepresenting the sequence that multiple bright screen period constitutes, b then represents at BkIn the b bright screen period, k represents kth background application, | Bk| represent total number of multiple bright screen period, XkB () represents that kth application program is at foreground use parameter corresponding to the b bright screen period, BFCk(Bk) represent that kth background application is at the degree of association currently putting out the screen period.

Wherein, if it is that (1 represented the b bright screen period example that foreground uses the value of parameter to be 1 or 0, background application k is in front stage operation mistake, 0 expression is not crossed at front stage operation at the b bright screen period background application k), then the degree of association of background application changes between 0 to 1, and degree of association is more little, it was shown that this background application is within the next bright screen period currently putting out the screen period, more little at the probability of front stage operation.Therefore, it can determine the need for closing background application based on calculated degree of association so that power consumption can not only be reduced, additionally it is possible to reduce because closing the impact that backstage answers program that user is used.

Or,

Mobile terminal can calculate the degree of association of each background application according to following relevancy algorithm, including:

BFCk(i)=β BFCk(i-1)+(1-β)·Xk(i);Formula (2)

In formula (2), k represents kth background application, i represent currently put out screen the period, β represents preset constant, XkI () represents that foreground corresponding to kth application program in the end bright screen period uses parameter, BFCkI () represents that kth background application is at the degree of association currently putting out the screen period, BFCk(i-1) represent that kth background application is at upper one degree of association putting out the screen period;

Wherein, the initial value of i is 1, and BFCk(0) value is preset constant, for instance, this constant can be 0.5.

In formula (2), mobile terminal is to utilize background application currently to put out the degree of association of screen period in the previous relatedness computation putting out the screen period.

If step 603 exists degree of association less than the background application of the threshold value pre-set, then close background application.

In embodiments of the present invention, after calculating the degree of association currently putting out screen each background application of period, mobile terminal will judge that whether the degree of association of background application is less than the threshold value pre-set successively, if and there is degree of association less than the threshold value background application pre-set, then close module 303 by this background application of closedown.

In embodiments of the present invention, after mobile terminal enters and puts out the screen period, each background application of acquisition for mobile terminal uses parameter on the foreground that multiple bright screen periods are corresponding respectively, and use parameter and preset relevancy algorithm according to each background application on the foreground that multiple bright screen periods are corresponding respectively, calculate each background application at the degree of association currently putting out the screen period, if and there is degree of association less than the background application of the threshold value pre-set, then close this background application.Owing to degree of association represents that background application is used by a user the probability of (being namely switched to foreground) in the next bright screen period currently putting out the screen period, therefore, by closing the degree of association mode less than the background application of the threshold value pre-set, it is possible to achieve when trying one's best, electric quantity consumption is saved in low affecting user uses.

Refer to Fig. 7, for the schematic flow sheet of the refinement step of step 601 in the second embodiment shown in Fig. 6 of the present invention, including:

Step 701, obtain the list of background application of mobile terminal;

Step 702, from the list of background application, it is determined that the not background application set in preset white list, white list comprises the application program that need not close;

In step 703, acquisition background application set, each background application uses parameter on the foreground that multiple bright screen periods are corresponding respectively.

In embodiments of the present invention, mobile terminal enters after putting out the screen period, the list of the background application of this acquisition for mobile terminal mobile terminal, and from the list of this background application, the set of the background application determined not in preset white list, wherein, this white list comprises the application program that need not close, for instance health monitoring application, wechat application etc..Therefore, the application program that the background application comprised in the set of the background application obtained is not in white list, and mobile terminal uses parameter by obtaining each background application in this background application set on the foreground that multiple bright screen periods are corresponding respectively, make it possible to the mode by arranging white list, some application programs are not turned off, to avoid affecting the experience of user.

It should be noted that, in this article, term " includes ", " comprising " or its any other variant are intended to comprising of nonexcludability, so that include the process of a series of key element, method, article or device not only include those key elements, but also include other key elements being not expressly set out, or also include the key element intrinsic for this process, method, article or device.When there is no more restriction, statement " including ... " key element limited, it is not excluded that there is also other identical element in including the process of this key element, method, article or device.

The invention described above embodiment sequence number, just to describing, does not represent the quality of embodiment.

Through the above description of the embodiments, those skilled in the art is it can be understood that can add the mode of required general hardware platform by software to above-described embodiment method and realize, hardware can certainly be passed through, but in a lot of situation, the former is embodiment more preferably.Based on such understanding, the part that prior art is contributed by technical scheme substantially in other words can embody with the form of software product, this computer software product is stored in a storage medium (such as ROM/RAM, magnetic disc, CD), including some instructions with so that a station terminal equipment (can be mobile phone, computer, server, air-conditioner, or the network equipment etc.) perform the method described in each embodiment of the present invention.

These are only the preferred embodiments of the present invention; not thereby the scope of the claims of the present invention is limited; every equivalent structure utilizing description of the present invention and accompanying drawing content to make or equivalence flow process conversion; or directly or indirectly it is used in other relevant technical fields, all in like manner include in the scope of patent protection of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a mobile terminal, it is characterised in that described mobile terminal includes:
Acquisition module, after entering put out the screen period at mobile terminal, obtains each background application and uses parameter on the foreground that multiple bright screen periods are corresponding respectively;
Computing module, for using parameter and preset relevancy algorithm according to background application each described on the foreground that multiple bright screen periods are corresponding respectively, calculating each described background application at the degree of association currently putting out the screen period, described degree of association is for representing that background application is switched to the probability on foreground in the next bright screen period currently putting out the screen period;
Closing module, if being used for the background application that there is degree of association less than the threshold value pre-set, then closing described background application.
2. mobile terminal according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described computing module specifically for:
The degree of association of each background application is calculated according to following relevancy algorithm, including;
BFC k ( B k ) = Σ b ∈ B k X k ( b ) / | B k |
Wherein, BkRepresenting the sequence that the plurality of bright screen period constitutes, b then represents at BkIn the b bright screen period, k represents kth background application, | Bk| represent total number of the plurality of bright screen period, XkB () represents that kth application program is at foreground use parameter corresponding to the b bright screen period, BFCk(Bk) represent that kth background application is at the degree of association currently putting out the screen period.
3. mobile terminal according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described computing module specifically for:
The degree of association of each background application is calculated according to following relevancy algorithm, including:
BFCk(i)=β BFCk(i-1)+(1-β)·Xk(i);
Wherein, k represents kth background application, i represent currently put out screen the period, β represents preset constant, XkI () represents that foreground corresponding to kth application program in the end bright screen period uses parameter, BFCkI () represents that kth background application is at the degree of association currently putting out the screen period, BFCk(i-1) represent that kth background application is at upper one degree of association putting out the screen period;
Wherein, the initial value of i is 1, and BFCk(0) value is preset constant.
4. the mobile terminal according to claims 1 to 3 any one, it is characterised in that described foreground use parameter be background application within the bright screen period whether in front stage operation mistake;If in front stage operation mistake, then the value of described foreground use parameter is the first default numerical value;If not in front stage operation mistake, then the value of described foreground use parameter is default second value.
5. the mobile terminal according to claims 1 to 3 any one, it is characterised in that described acquisition module includes:
List acquisition module, for obtaining the list of the background application of described mobile terminal;
Determine module, for from the list of described background application, it is determined that the not background application set in preset white list, described white list comprises the application program that need not close;
Parameter acquisition module, uses parameter for obtaining each background application in described background application set on the foreground that multiple bright screen periods are corresponding respectively.
6. the management method of a background application, it is characterised in that described method includes:
After mobile terminal enters and puts out the screen period, obtain each background application and use parameter on the foreground that multiple bright screen periods are corresponding respectively;
Parameter and preset relevancy algorithm is used on the foreground that multiple bright screen periods are corresponding respectively according to background application each described, calculating each described background application at the degree of association currently putting out the screen period, described degree of association is for representing that background application is switched to the probability on foreground in the next bright screen period currently putting out the screen period;
If there is degree of association less than the background application of the threshold value pre-set, then close described background application.
7. method according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, described use parameter and preset relevancy algorithm according to background application each described on the foreground that multiple bright screen periods are respectively corresponding, calculate each described background application and include in the step of the degree of association currently putting out the screen period:
The degree of association of each background application is calculated according to following relevancy algorithm, including;
BFC k ( B k ) = Σ b ∈ B k X k ( b ) / | B k |
Wherein, BkRepresenting the sequence that the plurality of bright screen period constitutes, b then represents at BkIn the b bright screen period, k represents kth background application, | Bk| represent total number of the plurality of bright screen period, XkB () represents that kth application program is at foreground use parameter corresponding to the b bright screen period, BFCk(Bk) represent that kth background application is at the degree of association currently putting out the screen period.
8. method according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, described use parameter and preset relevancy algorithm according to background application each described on the foreground that multiple bright screen periods are respectively corresponding, calculate each described background application and include in the step of the degree of association currently putting out the screen period:
The degree of association of each background application is calculated according to following relevancy algorithm, including:
BFCk(i)=β BFCk(i-1)+(1-β)·Xk(i);
Wherein, k represents kth background application, i represent currently put out screen the period, β represents preset constant, XkI () represents that foreground corresponding to kth application program in the end bright screen period uses parameter, BFCkI () represents that kth background application is at the degree of association currently putting out the screen period, BFCk(i-1) represent that kth background application is at upper one degree of association putting out the screen period;
Wherein, the initial value of i is 1, and BFCk(0) value is preset constant.
9. the method according to claim 6 to 8 any one, it is characterised in that described foreground use parameter be background application within the bright screen period whether in front stage operation mistake;If in front stage operation mistake, then the value of described foreground use parameter is the first default numerical value;If not in front stage operation mistake, then the value of described foreground use parameter is default second value.
10. the method according to claim 6 to 8 any one, it is characterised in that each background application of described acquisition uses the step of parameter to include on the foreground that multiple bright screen periods are corresponding respectively:
Obtain the list of the background application of described mobile terminal;
From the list of described background application, it is determined that the not background application set in preset white list, described white list comprises the application program that need not close;
Obtain each background application in described background application set and use parameter on the foreground that multiple bright screen periods are corresponding respectively.
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