CN105691340A - Multifunctional intelligent anti-collision device of automobile - Google Patents

Multifunctional intelligent anti-collision device of automobile Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105691340A
CN105691340A CN201410717496.4A CN201410717496A CN105691340A CN 105691340 A CN105691340 A CN 105691340A CN 201410717496 A CN201410717496 A CN 201410717496A CN 105691340 A CN105691340 A CN 105691340A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
collision
automobile
circuit
car
sensor
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Pending
Application number
CN201410717496.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
侯鹏
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Xian Zhongzhi Huize Optical Technology Co Ltd
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Xian Zhongzhi Huize Optical Technology Co Ltd
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Publication date
Application filed by Xian Zhongzhi Huize Optical Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Xian Zhongzhi Huize Optical Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410717496.4A priority Critical patent/CN105691340A/en
Publication of CN105691340A publication Critical patent/CN105691340A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a multifunctional intelligent anti-collision device of an automobile. The device comprises an air bag, anti-collision detecting units and an anti-collision controller. The anti-collision detecting unit comprises a front camera, a head ultrasonic distance measurement sensor, a rear camera, a tail ultrasonic distance measurement sensor, an infrared human detection sensor, an automobile speed sensor and an acceleration sensor. The anti-collision controller comprises a DSP digital signal processor, a voltage conversion circuit module, a touch liquid crystal display, a Flash memory, a USB communication circuit, a GPRS wireless communication module, a clock circuit module, a signal conditioning circuit, a voice play circuit and a relay. The multifunctional intelligent anti-collision device of the automobile is simple in structure, reasonable in design, convenient to use and operate, capable of avoiding accidents such as reversing collision, collision with an obstacle ahead due to acceleration, collision with a rear obstacle due to emergency braking, secondary collision after a car accident and the like, complete in functions, high in working stability and reliability, high in practicality and convenient to popularize and use.

Description

A kind of multifunctional intellectual anti-collision device for automobile
Technical field
The invention belongs to traffic safety technical field, be specifically related to a kind of multifunctional intellectual anti-collision device for automobile。
Background technology
Along with the fast development of China's transportation cause, the sharp increase of automobile pollution, road traffic accident has become as the much-talked-about topic of global concern at present。The fast development of highway, provides good driving condition for car operation, significantly improves Road Transportation situation。But the vehicle accident brought therewith also substantially increases, cause serious loss to the lives and properties of the country and people。In prior art, there are following several situations in collision scenario: (1) driver's mistake is to cause the principal element of road traffic accident, no matter reaching more than the 90% of total amount respectively from accident total amount or the number of casualties, cause in the factor of vehicle accident at these, fatigue driving and absent minded, drives over the speed limit, random lane change travels the principal element being to cause road traffic accident。Vehicle is when running at high speed, and several seconds absent minded will cause big vehicle accident。By analysis of statistical data is shown, the vehicle accident of 80% is not concentrated due to driver attention and is caused。(2) secondary collision accident is more serious than first accident, and impact is bigger, directly threatens the life security of first accident survivor, accident rescue personnel and dam site investigation personnel;Therefore, market occurring in that, some prevent the device of secondary collision。But, it is mostly actively prevent secondary collision currently on the market, the device of passive prevention is little。But, for different drivers, its response speed is different with judgement, actively prevents the device of secondary collision, under many circumstances, does not all have good effect。(3) automobile is when starting, turn around or moveing backward, and due to the vehicle run at a low speed and other vehicle or barrier closely, the visual field of driver is quite restricted。Driver needs to observe the situation after car by means of rearview mirror, but the visible angle of rearview mirror is limited, tend not to all situations after seeing car up hill and dale clearly, although regulating device equipped with brake control system and door mirror angle in some cars, but in use, driver goes adjusting angle device significantly to take sb's mind off sth, and very easily collides。
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved is in that for above-mentioned deficiency of the prior art, a kind of multifunctional intellectual anti-collision device for automobile is provided, its simple in construction, reasonable in design, use simple operation, it is possible to prevent reversing collision, accelerate with the collision of preceding object thing, bring to a halt time with rear obstacle collision and traffic accident after the generation of the accident such as secondary collision, complete function, job stability and reliability are high, practical, it is simple to promote the use of。
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution used in the present invention is: a kind of multifunctional intellectual anti-collision device for automobile, it is characterized in that: include being arranged on the air bag that car plate after automobile is other, it is laid in the crashproof detection unit at the multiple position of automobile and is arranged on the collision-prevention controller that car steering indoor steering wheel is other, the lower section that described crashproof detection unit includes being arranged on car body front end windshield and the Herba Plantaginis photographic head that the road conditions image information for vehicle travels front shoots, it is arranged on Herba Plantaginis bumper and for the distance of automobile distance preceding object thing being carried out the headstock ultrasonic distance-measuring sensor of detection in real time, be arranged on tailstock top and for photographic head after car that ambient image after car is shot, it is arranged on tailstock bumper and for the distance of automobile distance rear obstacle being carried out the tailstock ultrasonic distance-measuring sensor of detection in real time and being arranged on tailstock middle and upper part and for the infrared human body detection sensor that after car, whether someone detects, and it is arranged on automotive wheel wheel shaft and for running car speed being carried out the vehicle speed sensor of detection in real time and for running car acceleration being carried out the acceleration transducer of detection in real time;Described collision-prevention controller includes cuboid housing and is arranged on the electronic circuit board of described enclosure interior, described electronic circuit board is integrated with crashproof control circuit, described crashproof control circuit includes DSP and is the voltage conversion circuit module of each electricity consumption module for power supply in described multifunctional intellectual anti-collision device for automobile, and the touch LCD screen for man-machine interaction connected with described DSP, flash storage for data storage, for with the usb communication circuit of compunication and for being connected to the GPRS wireless communication module in GPRS network, described voltage conversion circuit module connects with the end that goes out of the automobile storage battery being arranged on automobile, described touch LCD screen is arranged on the outer surface of described housing, the outer surface of described housing is additionally provided with two USB interface all connected with described usb communication circuit, the outfan of described headstock ultrasonic distance-measuring sensor, the outfan of the outfan of tailstock ultrasonic distance-measuring sensor and infrared human body detection sensor all connects with the input of described DSP, the input of described DSP is further connected with the clock circuit module for providing real-time clock signal for described crashproof control circuit, and for signal is amplified, the signal conditioning circuit of filtering and A/D conversion process, described signal conditioning circuit is by the amplifying circuit connected successively, filter circuit and A/D change-over circuit are constituted, the outfan of described vehicle speed sensor and the outfan of acceleration transducer all connect with the input of described amplifying circuit, after described Herba Plantaginis photographic head and car, photographic head connects with described usb communication circuit respectively through two described USB interface, the outfan of described DSP is connected to the voice playing circuit for playing audio alert signal and for controlling the relay of air bag, the outfan of described voice playing circuit is connected to speaker, described relay is connected in the current supply circuit that automobile storage battery is powered to the air bag igniting pipe in air bag。
Above-mentioned a kind of multifunctional intellectual anti-collision device for automobile, it is characterised in that: described DSP is DSP chip TMS320C6678。
Above-mentioned a kind of multifunctional intellectual anti-collision device for automobile, it is characterised in that: described human body detection sensor is human detection infrared ray sensor AMN31112。
Above-mentioned a kind of multifunctional intellectual anti-collision device for automobile, it is characterised in that: after described Herba Plantaginis photographic head and car, photographic head is the infrared camera with night vision function。
Above-mentioned a kind of multifunctional intellectual anti-collision device for automobile, it is characterised in that: described voice playing circuit is mainly made up of speech chip ISD25120。
Above-mentioned a kind of multifunctional intellectual anti-collision device for automobile, it is characterised in that: described acceleration transducer is chip MMA7260QT。
The present invention compared with prior art has the advantage that
1, present invention employs design integrated, modular, simple in construction, reasonable in design, it is achieved convenience and cost are low。
2, the installation of the present invention is laid conveniently, uses simple operation。
3, the present invention can understand reversing environment by three kinds of information of photographic head, infrared human body detection sensor and tailstock ultrasonic distance-measuring sensor after car, it can be seen that relatively low barrier or personnel, reliability is high, and reversing safety is good;Whether driver on the one hand can by having the range information between the information of people and the tailstock and barrier after ambient image, car after watching the car being shown on touch LCD screen, by seeing recognize reversing environment, people, the distance of tailstock distance barrier and the tailstock audio alert signal apart from the hypotelorism of barrier whether is had after on the other hand can also hearing the car that voice playing circuit is play, reversing environment is recognized by listening, it is provided with dual crashproof guarantee, and eliminates the inconvenience observed backward by rearview mirror and probe。
4, the present invention can not only make vehicle keep single lanes, prevent the deviation phenomenon produced in high speed due to dull, fatigue driving, vehicle can also be doped and travel or accelerate to be likely to time of colliding with preceding object thing by current speed and the time of bringing to a halt is likely to time of colliding with rear obstacle, it is to avoid crash。
5, the present invention can when there are driving the phenomenons such as deviation, drowsiness, unconscious driving in driver, driver is reminded to take corresponding measure in time, ensure that traffic safety, can reduce to greatest extent and avoid owing to fatigue driving and driver attention do not concentrate the road traffic accident of initiation, automatically opening and regaining of air bag can also be realized, ensure people's life health and property safety。
6, the present invention can the generation of passive preventing secondary collision accident, it is prevented that automobile generation secondary collision that the automobile collided is run at high speed below or alleviate the loss that secondary collision causes, and alleviates the life and property loss that accident causes。
7, the job stability of the present invention and reliability are high, it is not necessary to often maintenance and repair, have saved the man power and material that maintenance and repair expends。
8, the present invention's is practical, and result of use is good, it is simple to promote the use of。
In sum, present configuration is simple, reasonable in design, use simple operation, be prevented from reversing collision, accelerate with the collision of preceding object thing, bring to a halt time with rear obstacle collision and traffic accident after the accident such as secondary collision occur, complete function, job stability and reliability height, practical, it is simple to promote the use of。
Below by drawings and Examples, technical scheme is described in further detail。
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic block circuit diagram of the present invention。
Description of reference numerals:
1 Herba Plantaginis photographic head;Photographic head after 2 cars;
3 infrared human body detection sensors;4 tailstock ultrasonic distance-measuring sensors;
5 DSP;6 headstock ultrasonic distance-measuring sensors;
7 voltage conversion circuit modules;8 flash storage;9 usb communication circuit;
10 GPRS wireless communication modules;11 amplifying circuits;
12 filter circuits;13 A/D change-over circuits;14 voice playing circuits;
15 vehicle speed sensor;16 acceleration transducers;17 automobile storage batteries;
18 USB interface;19 clock circuit modules;
20 touch LCD screens;21 relays;
22 speakers;23 air bag igniting pipes。
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Figure 1, the present invention includes being arranged on the air bag that car plate after automobile is other, it is laid in the crashproof detection unit at the multiple position of automobile and is arranged on the collision-prevention controller that car steering indoor steering wheel is other, the lower section that described crashproof detection unit includes being arranged on car body front end windshield and the Herba Plantaginis photographic head 1 that the road conditions image information for vehicle travels front shoots, it is arranged on Herba Plantaginis bumper and for the distance of automobile distance preceding object thing being carried out the headstock ultrasonic distance-measuring sensor 6 of detection in real time, be arranged on tailstock top and for photographic head 2 after car that ambient image after car is shot, it is arranged on tailstock bumper and for the distance of automobile distance rear obstacle being carried out the tailstock ultrasonic distance-measuring sensor 4 of detection in real time and being arranged on tailstock middle and upper part and for the infrared human body detection sensor 3 that after car, whether someone detects, and it is arranged on automotive wheel wheel shaft and for running car speed being carried out the vehicle speed sensor 15 of detection in real time and for running car acceleration being carried out the acceleration transducer 16 of detection in real time;Described collision-prevention controller includes cuboid housing and is arranged on the electronic circuit board of described enclosure interior, described electronic circuit board is integrated with crashproof control circuit, described crashproof control circuit includes DSP 5 and is the voltage conversion circuit module 7 of each electricity consumption module for power supply in described multifunctional intellectual anti-collision device for automobile, and the touch LCD screen 20 for man-machine interaction connected with described DSP 5, flash storage 8 for data storage, for with the usb communication circuit 9 of compunication and for being connected to the GPRS wireless communication module 10 in GPRS network, described voltage conversion circuit module 7 connects with the end that goes out of the automobile storage battery 17 being arranged on automobile, described touch LCD screen 20 is arranged on the outer surface of described housing, the outer surface of described housing is additionally provided with two usb 1s 8 all connected with described usb communication circuit 9, the outfan of described headstock ultrasonic distance-measuring sensor 6, the outfan of the outfan of tailstock ultrasonic distance-measuring sensor 4 and infrared human body detection sensor 3 all connects with the input of described DSP 5, the input of described DSP 5 is further connected with the clock circuit module 19 for providing real-time clock signal for described crashproof control circuit, and for signal is amplified, the signal conditioning circuit of filtering and A/D conversion process, described signal conditioning circuit is by the amplifying circuit 11 connected successively, filter circuit 12 and A/D change-over circuit 13 are constituted, the outfan of described vehicle speed sensor 15 and the outfan of acceleration transducer 16 all connect with the input of described amplifying circuit 11, after described Herba Plantaginis photographic head 1 and car, photographic head 2 connects with described usb communication circuit 9 respectively through two described usb 1s 8, the outfan of described DSP 5 is connected to the voice playing circuit 14 for playing audio alert signal and for controlling the relay 21 of air bag, the outfan of described voice playing circuit 14 is connected to speaker 22, described relay 21 is connected on automobile storage battery 17 in the current supply circuit of air bag igniting pipe 23 power supply in air bag。
In the present embodiment, described DSP 5 is DSP chip TMS320C6678。
In the present embodiment, described human body detection sensor 3 is human detection infrared ray sensor AMN31112。
In the present embodiment, after described Herba Plantaginis photographic head 20 and car, photographic head 2 is the infrared camera with night vision function。
In the present embodiment, described voice playing circuit 14 is mainly made up of speech chip ISD25120。
In the present embodiment, described acceleration transducer 16 is chip MMA7260QT。
When the present invention uses, it is possible to understanding reversing environment by three kinds of information of photographic head after car 2, infrared human body detection sensor 3 and tailstock ultrasonic distance-measuring sensor 4, it can be seen that relatively low barrier or personnel, reliability is high, and reversing safety is good;Whether driver on the one hand can by having the range information between the information of people and the tailstock and barrier after ambient image, car after watching the car being shown on touch LCD screen 20, by seeing recognize reversing environment, people, the distance of tailstock distance barrier and the tailstock audio alert signal apart from the hypotelorism of barrier whether is had after on the other hand can also hearing the car that voice playing circuit 14 is play, reversing environment is recognized by listening, it is provided with dual crashproof guarantee, and eliminates the inconvenience observed backward by rearview mirror and probe;Vehicle can be made to keep single lanes, prevent the deviation phenomenon produced in high speed due to dull, fatigue driving, vehicle can also be doped and travel or accelerate to be likely to time of colliding with preceding object thing by current speed and the time of bringing to a halt is likely to time of colliding with rear obstacle, it is to avoid crash;Can when there are driving the phenomenons such as deviation, drowsiness, unconscious driving in driver, driver is reminded to take corresponding measure in time, ensure that traffic safety, can reduce to greatest extent and avoid owing to fatigue driving and driver attention do not concentrate the road traffic accident of initiation, automatically opening and regaining of air bag can also be realized, ensure people's life health and property safety;Can the generation of passive preventing secondary collision accident, it is prevented that automobile generation secondary collision that the automobile collided is run at high speed below or alleviate the loss that secondary collision causes, alleviate the life and property loss that accident causes。
The above; it it is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention; not the present invention is imposed any restrictions, every any simple modification, change and equivalent structure change above example made according to the technology of the present invention essence, all still fall within the protection domain of technical solution of the present invention。

Claims (6)

1. a multifunctional intellectual anti-collision device for automobile, it is characterized in that: include being arranged on the air bag that car plate after automobile is other, it is laid in the crashproof detection unit at the multiple position of automobile and is arranged on the collision-prevention controller that car steering indoor steering wheel is other, the lower section that described crashproof detection unit includes being arranged on car body front end windshield and the Herba Plantaginis photographic head (1) that the road conditions image information for vehicle travels front shoots, it is arranged on Herba Plantaginis bumper and for the distance of automobile distance preceding object thing being carried out the headstock ultrasonic distance-measuring sensor (6) of detection in real time, be arranged on tailstock top and for photographic head (2) after car that ambient image after car is shot, it is arranged on tailstock bumper and for the distance of automobile distance rear obstacle being carried out the tailstock ultrasonic distance-measuring sensor (4) of detection in real time and being arranged on tailstock middle and upper part and for infrared human body detection sensor (3) that after car, whether someone detects, and it is arranged on automotive wheel wheel shaft and for running car speed being carried out the vehicle speed sensor (15) of detection in real time and for running car acceleration being carried out the acceleration transducer (16) of detection in real time;Described collision-prevention controller includes cuboid housing and is arranged on the electronic circuit board of described enclosure interior, described electronic circuit board is integrated with crashproof control circuit, described crashproof control circuit includes DSP (5) and is the voltage conversion circuit module (7) of each electricity consumption module for power supply in described multifunctional intellectual anti-collision device for automobile, and the touch LCD screen for man-machine interaction (20) connected with described DSP (5), flash storage (8) for data storage, for with the usb communication circuit (9) of compunication and for being connected to the GPRS wireless communication module (10) in GPRS network, described voltage conversion circuit module (7) connects with the end that goes out of the automobile storage battery (17) being arranged on automobile, described touch LCD screen (20) is arranged on the outer surface of described housing, the outer surface of described housing is additionally provided with two USB interface (18) all connected with described usb communication circuit (9), the outfan of described headstock ultrasonic distance-measuring sensor (6), the outfan of the outfan of tailstock ultrasonic distance-measuring sensor (4) and infrared human body detection sensor (3) all connects with the input of described DSP (5), the input of described DSP (5) is further connected with the clock circuit module (19) for providing real-time clock signal for described crashproof control circuit, and for signal is amplified, the signal conditioning circuit of filtering and A/D conversion process, described signal conditioning circuit is by the amplifying circuit (11) connected successively, filter circuit (12) and A/D change-over circuit (13) are constituted, the outfan of described vehicle speed sensor (15) and the outfan of acceleration transducer (16) all connect with the input of described amplifying circuit (11), after described Herba Plantaginis photographic head (1) and car, photographic head (2) connects with described usb communication circuit (9) respectively through two described USB interface (18), the outfan of described DSP (5) is connected to the voice playing circuit (14) for playing audio alert signal and for controlling the relay (21) of air bag, the outfan of described voice playing circuit (14) is connected to speaker (22), described relay (21) is connected in the current supply circuit that automobile storage battery (17) is powered to the air bag igniting pipe (23) in air bag。
2. a kind of multifunctional intellectual anti-collision device for automobile described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described DSP (5) is DSP chip TMS320C6678。
3. a kind of multifunctional intellectual anti-collision device for automobile described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described human body detection sensor (3) is human detection infrared ray sensor AMN31112。
4. a kind of multifunctional intellectual anti-collision device for automobile described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: after described Herba Plantaginis photographic head (20) and car, photographic head (2) is the infrared camera with night vision function。
5. a kind of multifunctional intellectual anti-collision device for automobile described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described voice playing circuit (14) is mainly made up of speech chip ISD25120。
6. a kind of multifunctional intellectual anti-collision device for automobile described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described acceleration transducer (16) is chip MMA7260QT。
CN201410717496.4A 2014-11-28 2014-11-28 Multifunctional intelligent anti-collision device of automobile Pending CN105691340A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410717496.4A CN105691340A (en) 2014-11-28 2014-11-28 Multifunctional intelligent anti-collision device of automobile

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410717496.4A CN105691340A (en) 2014-11-28 2014-11-28 Multifunctional intelligent anti-collision device of automobile

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CN105691340A true CN105691340A (en) 2016-06-22

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106143300A (en) * 2016-07-22 2016-11-23 池州学院 A kind of vehicle intelligent ranging for preventing collision warning system
CN106740630A (en) * 2016-12-06 2017-05-31 惠州市德赛西威汽车电子股份有限公司 Automobile external active safety airbag control system and method based on ADAS and IVI
CN109263591A (en) * 2018-09-30 2019-01-25 浙江吉利汽车研究院有限公司 A kind of occupant restraint system and its method of vehicle
CN109426802A (en) * 2017-08-22 2019-03-05 通用汽车环球科技运作有限责任公司 The fusion of radar and visual sensor system
CN110154961A (en) * 2019-05-29 2019-08-23 辽宁工业大学 A kind of anti-collision device for automobile and method based on Internet of Things control
CN110667505A (en) * 2018-07-02 2020-01-10 现代摩比斯株式会社 Airbag driving apparatus for vehicle and control method thereof
CN110920552A (en) * 2019-11-15 2020-03-27 吉林大学 Vehicle safety system and method for preventing interlink accident after collision on highway

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106143300A (en) * 2016-07-22 2016-11-23 池州学院 A kind of vehicle intelligent ranging for preventing collision warning system
CN106740630A (en) * 2016-12-06 2017-05-31 惠州市德赛西威汽车电子股份有限公司 Automobile external active safety airbag control system and method based on ADAS and IVI
CN106740630B (en) * 2016-12-06 2019-09-20 惠州市德赛西威汽车电子股份有限公司 Automobile external active safety airbag control system and method based on ADAS and IVI
CN109426802A (en) * 2017-08-22 2019-03-05 通用汽车环球科技运作有限责任公司 The fusion of radar and visual sensor system
CN110667505A (en) * 2018-07-02 2020-01-10 现代摩比斯株式会社 Airbag driving apparatus for vehicle and control method thereof
CN109263591A (en) * 2018-09-30 2019-01-25 浙江吉利汽车研究院有限公司 A kind of occupant restraint system and its method of vehicle
CN110154961A (en) * 2019-05-29 2019-08-23 辽宁工业大学 A kind of anti-collision device for automobile and method based on Internet of Things control
CN110920552A (en) * 2019-11-15 2020-03-27 吉林大学 Vehicle safety system and method for preventing interlink accident after collision on highway
CN110920552B (en) * 2019-11-15 2020-10-30 吉林大学 Vehicle safety system and method for preventing interlink accident after collision on highway

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