CN105674278B - A kind of refuse burner of high combustion efficiency - Google Patents

A kind of refuse burner of high combustion efficiency Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105674278B
CN105674278B CN201610164434.4A CN201610164434A CN105674278B CN 105674278 B CN105674278 B CN 105674278B CN 201610164434 A CN201610164434 A CN 201610164434A CN 105674278 B CN105674278 B CN 105674278B
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China
Prior art keywords
air
furnace
furnace chamber
gas
chamber
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CN201610164434.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105674278A (en
Inventor
李启仁
曹文波
明永刚
舒志强
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Anhui Weiming Biological Environmental Protection Co Ltd
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Anhui Weiming Biological Environmental Protection Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610164434.4A priority Critical patent/CN105674278B/en
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/006General arrangement of incineration plant, e.g. flow sheets
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/44Details; Accessories
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23JREMOVAL OR TREATMENT OF COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OR COMBUSTION RESIDUES; FLUES 
    • F23J1/00Removing ash, clinker, or slag from combustion chambers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23JREMOVAL OR TREATMENT OF COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OR COMBUSTION RESIDUES; FLUES 
    • F23J15/00Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes
    • F23J15/06Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes of coolers

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of refuse burner of high combustion efficiency, house refuse inserts combustion furnace intracavitary from top, air is sent into furnace chamber from bottom, so that rubbish burns bottom-up, waste residue is exported from bottom deslagging and discharged, the final tail gas of incineration firing is discharged after fully being burnt from furnace chamber bottom so that furnace chamber temperature gradually reduces from top to bottom.The incineration firing equipment circulated by the efficient gas of above-mentioned optimization design, setting annular cooling chamber outside body of heater can carry out effective temperature-reducing to lower volume, simultaneously, on the one hand, air enters in furnace chamber after flowing through the preheating of upper furnace body periphery, prevent cold air from entering furnace chamber and influenceing furnace chamber temperature, influence efficiency of combustion in furnace chamber, on the other hand, air is in the uniform air inlet of furnace cavity bottom, ensure combustion even in furnace chamber, greatly improve air utilization ratio, ensure treatment temperature in furnace chamber, greatly improve efficiency of combustion in furnace chamber, another further aspect, tail gas is discharged after cooling chamber cools, it is easy to follow-up vent gas treatment.

Description

A kind of refuse burner of high combustion efficiency
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of waste treatment, more particularly to a kind of refuse burner of high combustion efficiency.
Background technology
In recent years, with the improvement of people's living standards, Municipal Domestic Garbage Output grows at top speed, sanitary fill over the years Storage is huge.The mode of generally use garbage loading embeading is handled, and causes rubbish to corrode a large amount of soils.Burning method can be real to greatest extent Effective processing of existing house refuse, and land occupation resource is minimum, but directly discharged as incineration tail gas is unprocessed, can be right Air pollution is serious.In existing technology of garbage disposal, mainly based on pyrolytic gasification, but due to rubbish in stove gas permeability compared with Difference, during burning, speed is slower, and is difficult fully burning, influences garbage treatment efficiency, it would be highly desirable to improve therefore, how efficiently, it is low into Originally, contamination-freely house refuse is more thoroughly cleared up, it has also become those skilled in the art's urgent problem to be solved.
The content of the invention
To solve technical problem present in background technology, the present invention proposes a kind of refuse burner of high combustion efficiency.
A kind of refuse burner of high combustion efficiency proposed by the present invention, its internal furnace chamber having for incineration firing, institute State and exported at the top of furnace chamber provided with garbage inlet and bottom provided with deslagging, it is characterised in that including:Upper furnace body, lower volume, sky Gas inlet duct, exhaust gas processing device;
Upper furnace body furnace wall periphery is provided with peripheral wall, and the first cooling cavity is formed between peripheral wall and upper furnace body furnace wall, First cooling cavity is provided with the first air inlet, the first gas outlet, and exhaust gas processing device is empty by pipeline and the described first cooling The first gas outlet connection of chamber, the first cooling cavity is interior to be provided with cooling pipe, and cooling medium is filled with cooling pipe;
Lower volume outer wall includes first time coaming plate and second time coaming plate, and second time coaming plate is set in outside first time coaming plate Portion, the second cooling cavity is formed between first time coaming plate and second time coaming plate, is situated between in the second cooling cavity filled with cooling Matter, lower volume is interior to be provided with ring baffle, exhaust gas channel is formed between the ring baffle and first time coaming plate, the tail gas leads to Road is provided with the 4th air inlet and the 4th gas outlet, and the 4th air inlet connects with the furnace chamber bottom, the 4th gas outlet and first Air inlet connects;
Air inlet device includes economizer bank, air airway tube, air gas distribution pipe, air blower, air preheat pipe dish The first cooling cavity periphery is wound on, the import of economizer bank is connected with air blower, and air gas distribution pipe is located at furnace cavity bottom, air Gas distribution pipe is provided with multiple stomatas, air airway tube is located in furnace chamber, and air airway tube both ends go out with economizer bank respectively The inlet communication of mouth and air gas distribution pipe.
Preferably, the furnace cavity bottom sets multiple air gas distribution pipes, and air airway tube includes main air-guide section and multiple Air-guide section, import and the economizer bank outlet of main air-guide section, multiple air-guide sections are distributed along main air-guide section bearing of trend And connected with main air-guide section, the outlet of each branch air-guide section connects with an air cloth tracheal entrance.
Preferably, multiple air gas distribution pipes are located in the same horizontal plane and be arranged in parallel at equal intervals.
Preferably, multiple air airway tubes are vertically arranged and distance between two air airway tubes of arbitrary neighborhood in furnace chamber It is equal.
Preferably, air gas distribution pipe is located at below ring baffle.
Preferably, economizer bank coils to form peripheral wall in lower volume furnace wall external helicoid.
Preferably, ring baffle top is connected with upper furnace body furnace wall.
In the present invention, the refuse burner of the high combustion efficiency proposed, house refuse inserts combustion furnace furnace chamber from top Interior, air is sent into furnace chamber from bottom so that rubbish is burnt bottom-up, and waste residue caused by burning is exported from bottom deslagging and arranged Go out, the final tail gas of incineration firing is discharged after fully being burnt from furnace chamber bottom so that furnace chamber temperature gradually reduces from top to bottom. By the incineration firing equipment of the efficient gas circulation of above-mentioned optimization design, the setting annular cooling chamber outside body of heater can be right Lower volume carries out effective temperature-reducing, simultaneously, on the one hand, air enters in furnace chamber after flowing through the preheating of upper furnace body periphery, prevents cold Air, which enters furnace chamber, influences furnace chamber temperature, influences efficiency of combustion in furnace chamber, and on the other hand, air uniformly enters in furnace cavity bottom Gas, ensure combustion even in furnace chamber, greatly improve air utilization ratio, ensure treatment temperature in furnace chamber, greatly improve furnace chamber internal combustion Efficiency, another further aspect are burnt, tail gas is discharged after cooling chamber cools, and is easy to follow-up vent gas treatment.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of the refuse burner of high combustion efficiency proposed by the present invention.
Embodiment
As shown in figure 1, Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of the refuse burner of high combustion efficiency proposed by the present invention.
Reference picture 1, a kind of refuse burner of high combustion efficiency proposed by the present invention, it is internal with for incineration firing Furnace chamber, the furnace chamber top is provided with garbage inlet and bottom exports provided with deslagging, it is characterised in that including:Upper furnace body 1, under Portion's body of heater 2, air inlet device, exhaust gas processing device 4;
The furnace wall periphery of upper furnace body 1 is provided with peripheral wall, and it is empty that the first cooling is formed between peripheral wall and the furnace wall of upper furnace body 1 Chamber, the first cooling cavity are provided with the first air inlet, the first gas outlet, and exhaust gas processing device 4 is cold by pipeline and described first But the first gas outlet connection of cavity, the first cooling cavity is interior to be provided with cooling pipe 5, and cooling is filled with cooling pipe 5 Medium;
The outer wall of lower volume 2 includes first time coaming plate 21 and second time coaming plate 22, and second time coaming plate 22 is set under first The second cooling cavity is formed outside coaming plate 21, between first time coaming plate 21 and second time coaming plate 22, described second cools down in cavity Filled with cooling medium, ring baffle 6 is provided with lower volume 2, the top of ring baffle 6 is connected with the furnace wall of upper furnace body 1, described Exhaust gas channel is formed between ring baffle 6 and first time coaming plate 21, the exhaust gas channel goes out provided with the 4th air inlet and the 4th Gas port, the 4th air inlet connect with the furnace chamber bottom, and the 4th gas outlet connects with the first air inlet;
Air inlet device includes economizer bank 31, air airway tube 32, multiple air gas distribution pipes 33, air blower 34, Economizer bank 31 is spirally coiled in the first cooling cavity periphery, and the import of economizer bank 31 is connected with air blower 34, air Airway tube 32 includes main air-guide section and multiple air-guide sections, and import and the outlet of economizer bank 31 of main air-guide section are multiple Branch air-guide section is distributed along main air-guide section bearing of trend and connected with main air-guide section, the outlet of each branch air-guide section and an air The inlet communication of gas distribution pipe 33, air gas distribution pipe 33 are located at furnace cavity bottom, multiple air gas distribution pipes 33 be located in the same horizontal plane and It is arranged in parallel at equal intervals, the horizontal plane is located at the lower section of ring baffle 6, and air gas distribution pipe 33 is provided with multiple stomatas, and air is led Tracheae 32 is located in furnace chamber, the both ends of air airway tube 32 respectively with the outlet of economizer bank 31 and the import of air gas distribution pipe 33 Connection.
In the specific work process of the refuse burner of the high combustion efficiency of the present embodiment, house refuse inserts stove from top Intracavitary, air are passed through in furnace chamber from bottom so that rubbish burns bottom-up in furnace chamber, and during burning, passing through deslagging outlet will Solid slag is discharged from furnace cavity bottom, so that burning zone of the rubbish in furnace chamber is held in place by;In combustion process In, air is preheated in furnace chamber periphery, and temperature in furnace chamber is caused subsequently into furnace chamber, preventing cold air to be directly entered in furnace chamber Rapid drawdown is spent, influences the efficiency of combustion of rubbish in furnace chamber, ensures combustion-supporting effect, in addition, the waste gas in furnace chamber is from furnace chamber lower combustion Layer discharge, ensure that waste gas fully burns, and waste gas is discharged after the cooling cavity precooling of upper furnace body, is easy to follow-up vent gas treatment Step.
In the present embodiment, the refuse burner of the high combustion efficiency proposed, house refuse insert combustion furnace from top In furnace chamber, air is sent into furnace chamber from bottom so that rubbish burns bottom-up, and waste residue caused by burning goes out from bottom deslagging Mouthful discharge, the final tail gas of incineration firing are discharged after fully being burnt from furnace chamber bottom so that furnace chamber temperature is gradual from top to bottom Reduce.The incineration firing equipment circulated by the efficient gas of above-mentioned optimization design, the setting annular cooling chamber outside body of heater Effective temperature-reducing can be carried out to lower volume, simultaneously, on the one hand, air enters in furnace chamber after flowing through the preheating of upper furnace body periphery, Prevent cold air from entering furnace chamber and influenceing furnace chamber temperature, influence efficiency of combustion in furnace chamber, on the other hand, air is equal in furnace cavity bottom Even air inlet, ensure combustion even in furnace chamber, greatly improve air utilization ratio, ensure treatment temperature in furnace chamber, greatly improve furnace chamber Interior efficiency of combustion, another further aspect, tail gas are discharged after cooling chamber cools, and are easy to follow-up vent gas treatment.
In a specific embodiment, by optimizing design to the air inlet pipe of air inlet device so that air is from stove Bottom of chamber portion is to the uniform gas distribution of burning zone, and rubbish is more uniform in burning zone burning, more fully;In addition, the branch of air airway tube Air-guide section is vertically arranged in furnace chamber so that is carried out when air flows from economizer bank to air gas distribution pipe in furnace chamber secondary Preheating, ensure that heat utilization efficiency is higher in furnace chamber, burning is more abundant, and on the other hand, the branch air-guide section is vertically in rubbish heap, energy Rubbish heap knot in combustion is enough prevented, further improves incineration firing efficiency.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, but protection scope of the present invention be not limited thereto, Any one skilled in the art the invention discloses technical scope in, technique according to the invention scheme and its Inventive concept is subject to equivalent substitution or change, should all be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of refuse burner of high combustion efficiency, its internal furnace chamber having for incineration firing, the furnace chamber top are provided with Garbage inlet and bottom export provided with deslagging, it is characterised in that including:Upper furnace body(1), lower volume(2), air inlet dress Put, exhaust gas processing device(4);
Upper furnace body(1)Furnace wall periphery is provided with peripheral wall, peripheral wall and upper furnace body(1)It is empty that the first cooling is formed between furnace wall Chamber, the first cooling cavity are provided with the first air inlet, the first gas outlet, exhaust gas processing device(4)Pass through pipeline and described first The first gas outlet connection of cavity is cooled down, cooling pipe is provided with the first cooling cavity(5), cooling pipe(5)Interior filling There is cooling medium;
Lower volume(2)Outer wall includes first time coaming plate(21)With second time coaming plate(22), second time coaming plate(22)It is set in Coaming plate once(21)Outside, first time coaming plate(21)With second time coaming plate(22)Between formed second cooling cavity, described second Cooling medium, lower volume are filled with cooling cavity(2)It is interior to be provided with ring baffle(6), the ring baffle(6)With under first Coaming plate(21)Between form exhaust gas channel, the exhaust gas channel is provided with the 4th air inlet and the 4th gas outlet, the 4th air inlet Connected with the furnace chamber bottom, the 4th gas outlet connects with the first air inlet;
Air inlet device includes economizer bank(31), air airway tube(32), air gas distribution pipe(33), air blower(34), Economizer bank(31)It is coiled in the first cooling cavity periphery, economizer bank(31)Import and air blower(34)Connection, it is empty Gas gas distribution pipe(33)Positioned at furnace cavity bottom, air gas distribution pipe(33)It is provided with multiple stomatas, air airway tube(32)Positioned at furnace chamber It is interior, air airway tube(32)Both ends respectively with economizer bank(31)Outlet and air gas distribution pipe(33)Inlet communication;
Air gas distribution pipe(33)Positioned at ring baffle(6)Lower section;Ring baffle(6)Top and upper furnace body(1)Furnace wall connects.
2. the refuse burner of high combustion efficiency according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the furnace cavity bottom sets more Individual air gas distribution pipe(33), air airway tube(32)Including main air-guide section and multiple air-guide sections, import and the sky of main air-guide section Gas economizer bank(31)Outlet, multiple air-guide sections are distributed along main air-guide section bearing of trend and connected with main air-guide section, often The outlet of individual branch air-guide section and an air gas distribution pipe(33)Inlet communication.
3. the refuse burner of high combustion efficiency according to claim 2, it is characterised in that multiple air gas distribution pipes(33) It is located in the same horizontal plane and be arranged in parallel at equal intervals.
4. the refuse burner of high combustion efficiency according to claim 2, it is characterised in that multiple air-guide sections are in furnace chamber Inside it is vertically arranged and two air airway tubes of arbitrary neighborhood(32)Between distance it is equal.
5. the refuse burner of high combustion efficiency according to claim 1, it is characterised in that economizer bank(31)Under Portion's body of heater(2)Furnace wall external helicoid coils to form peripheral wall.
CN201610164434.4A 2016-03-21 2016-03-21 A kind of refuse burner of high combustion efficiency Active CN105674278B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN105674278B true CN105674278B (en) 2018-03-13

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106382631B (en) * 2016-08-29 2018-09-14 同信生态环境科技股份有限公司 A kind of environmental protecting device for the processing of house refuse collective
CN106693598A (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-05-24 安徽未名鼎和环保有限公司 Device for treating tail gas of combustion furnace
CN106801875A (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-06-06 安徽未名鼎和环保有限公司 A kind of recyclegas combustion-supporting type refuse disposal system
CN109185886A (en) * 2018-09-25 2019-01-11 湖南奔骥环保能源科技有限责任公司 A kind of incinerator increasing incineration of garbage efficiency using pipeline

Family Cites Families (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2466526Y (en) * 2001-02-28 2001-12-19 清华大学 Packaged rotary grate garbage furnace
CN2474908Y (en) * 2001-03-05 2002-01-30 杨华平 Straw gasification stove
MY139452A (en) * 2004-02-24 2009-10-30 Prima Revenue Sdn Bhd Combustible gas production system and incinerator
CN2793080Y (en) * 2005-04-25 2006-07-05 李毓秀 Special safety gas producer of boiler
JP5503423B2 (en) * 2010-06-15 2014-05-28 日本パーク株式会社 Combustion device
KR101331215B1 (en) * 2011-12-08 2013-11-19 최혜자 An ultra-high temperature incinerator using cyclone-pattern air flow
CN105135437B (en) * 2015-08-11 2018-05-29 李海平 Weary gasification, burning integral type " three change " processing unit of house refuse and method
CN105202545A (en) * 2015-09-25 2015-12-30 碧海舟(北京)节能环保装备有限公司 Garbage pyrolysis gasification incineration treatment device
CN205619280U (en) * 2016-03-21 2016-10-05 安徽未名生物环保有限公司 Garbage combustion furnace that combustion efficiency is high

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