CN205619305U - Garbage incinerator gas circulation device - Google Patents

Garbage incinerator gas circulation device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205619305U
CN205619305U CN201620218873.4U CN201620218873U CN205619305U CN 205619305 U CN205619305 U CN 205619305U CN 201620218873 U CN201620218873 U CN 201620218873U CN 205619305 U CN205619305 U CN 205619305U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
furnace
gas
air
tail gas
preheating cabinet
Prior art date
Application number
CN201620218873.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李启仁
曹文波
明永刚
舒志强
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安徽未名生物环保有限公司
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Application filed by 安徽未名生物环保有限公司 filed Critical 安徽未名生物环保有限公司
Priority to CN201620218873.4U priority Critical patent/CN205619305U/en
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Publication of CN205619305U publication Critical patent/CN205619305U/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E20/00Combustion technologies with mitigation potential
    • Y02E20/34Indirect CO2mitigation, i.e. by acting on non CO2directly related matters of the process, e.g. pre-heating or heat recovery

Abstract

The utility model discloses a garbage incinerator gas circulation device, including last furnace body, lower furnace body, the mechanism of admitting air, inner loop mechanism and exhaust mechanism. Going up the furnace body and installing in furnace body upper end down, the mechanism of admitting air includes first intake pipe, air -blower, preheating cabinet, the gentle kitchen of second intake pipe, and the preheating cabinet suit is in the periphery of last furnace body. First intake pipe both ends communicate with preheating cabinet, air -blower respectively. The one end of second intake pipe and the intercommunication of preheating cabinet. The first end and the suction disk of first circulating line are connected, and the second end passes the furnace body and is connected at the circulating fan outside the last furnace body with the setting. The first end and the circulating fan of second circulating line are connected, and the well lower part of passing the furnace body and inserting the process chamber is held to the second. The water purifier is installed on the second circulating line, and exhaust mechanism includes baffle and tail gas case. In the furnace body, the tail gas case sets up the periphery at last furnace body to baffle installation under. The utility model discloses the combustible gas who produces in can make full use of pyrolysis process, increasing the heat efficiency.

Description

A kind of garbage disposal furnace gas-recycling plant
Technical field
This utility model relates to garbage disposal furnace technical field, particularly relates to a kind of garbage disposal furnace gases circulation Device.
Background technology
Along with the development of society, the generation amount of China's domestic waste is up to annual several hundred million ton, and every year with The speed increment of 8-10%, sanitary fill storage over the years more than more than 60 hundred million tons, the land area that rubbish is corroded More than 500,000,000 square metres.
The main processing ways of application of city life garbage has: sanitary landfills, organic compost, directly burning and cement Kiln coexistence is put.The wherein strong adaptability of sanitary landfills, but investment is big, and battlefield area is big, and economic benefit is low; Although the method for organic compost is invested little, but floor space is relatively big, and adaptability is weak;Although directly burning economy Profitable, but investment is big, the calorific value of rubbish is required height, it is difficult to be widely popularized;The side that cement kiln coexistence is put Method needs to rely on works as real estate sector, and mainly for the treatment of industrial refuse, the treatment effeciency for house refuse is low. Additionally, have also appeared a kind of method processing house refuse by pyrolysis, main by the end processing stove Rubbish is heated and is passed through air by portion, makes rubbish, at different positions, oxidation reaction and cracking occur respectively Reaction, thus reach the purpose to garbage disposal.Substantial amounts of fuel gas can be produced during pyrolysis, And containing substantial amounts of heat in tail gas, if directly fuel gas and exhaust emissions can be caused the energy in air Waste.
How to make full use of the substantial amounts of heat contained in the fuel gas and tail gas produced in pyrolytic process, be this One of major issue urgently to be resolved hurrily in technical field.
Utility model content
The technical problem existed based on background technology, the utility model proposes a kind of garbage disposal furnace gases and follows Loop device.
A kind of garbage disposal furnace gas-recycling plant that the utility model proposes, including upper furnace body, lower furnace body, Admission gear, interior cycling mechanism and exhaust gear;
Upper furnace body is arranged on lower furnace body upper end, and jointly surrounds process chamber with lower furnace body;
Admission gear includes the first air inlet pipe, aerator, preheating cabinet, the second air inlet pipe and gas kitchen, preheating cabinet For the casing that cross section is annular, it is sleeved on the periphery of upper furnace body;First end of the first air inlet pipe and preheating cabinet Connection, the second end connects with aerator;First end of the second air inlet pipe and the connection of preheating cabinet, the second end is worn Cross upper furnace body and be inserted into the bottom processing chamber;Gas kitchen is arranged on process intracavity, and is positioned at the bottom processing chamber, Gas kitchen and the second end connection of the second air inlet pipe, gas kitchen is provided with pore;
Interior cycling mechanism includes suction disk, the first circulating line, circulating fan, the second circulating line and drainage Device;Suction disk be arranged on process chamber top, and its Open Side Down;First end of the first circulating line and suction Gas dish connects, and the second end is connected through upper furnace body with the circulating fan being arranged on outside upper furnace body;Second circulation First end of pipeline is connected with circulating fan, and the second end passes upper furnace body and is inserted into the middle and lower part processing chamber; Water strainer is arranged on the second circulating line, and water strainer is positioned at the outside of upper furnace body;
Exhaust gear includes baffle plate and tail gas case;Baffle plate is arranged in lower furnace body, and its inner circumferential with lower furnace body Coordinate and surround the air collecting chamber that Open Side Down;Tail gas case is arranged on the periphery of upper furnace body, and tail gas case is positioned at Between body of heater and preheating cabinet, the bottom of tail gas case connects with air collecting chamber, at the upper end of tail gas case and external exhaust gas Reason mechanism connects.
Preferably, the multiple pores on gas kitchen are uniformly distributed, and pore Open Side Down.
Preferably, in preheating cabinet, it is provided with dividing plate, and dividing plate cooperatively forms spirality channel with preheating cabinet.
Preferably, in tail gas case, be provided with many cooling tubes, and cooling tube to be positioned at the part of tail gas case be continuous U Shape is distributed.
Preferably, the second end of the second circulating line is positioned at the axis of lower furnace body, and Open Side Down.
Preferably, water strainer includes water strainer body, header tank;Water strainer body is provided with multiple rows of longitudinal direction and sets The cooling tube put and the offgas duct of multiple rows of horizontally set, multiple rows of cooling tube is spaced with multiple rows of offgas duct, many Root cooling tube is also serially connected in after connecting in outside cooling recirculation system, the first end of offgas duct all with circulating fan company Logical, the second end all connects with header tank;The bottom of header tank is provided with closeable dewatering outlet, and cooling tube with Offgas duct is rectangular tube.
Preferably, also include air-introduced machine, air-introduced machine be arranged on connection tail gas case and external exhaust gas processing mechanism it Between, and the air inducing speed of air-introduced machine is more than the blast velocity of aerator.
Compared with prior art, this utility model has the advantages that:
The invention provides a kind of garbage disposal furnace gas-recycling plant, owing to rubbish is during pyrolysis, Under thus on can sequentially form burning zone, reducing zone, dry distilling layer and drying layer, reducing zone occurs chemistry anti- Substantial amounts of fuel gas should be produced, can will process the fuel gas on top, chamber by arranging interior cycling mechanism Again import to process the bottom in chamber after collection.So, the fuel gas produced in pyrolytic process can be imported To burning zone, and then improve the treatment effeciency of rubbish.
Setting gradually tail gas case and preheating cabinet from inside to outside in the periphery of upper furnace body, tail gas is by tail gas case Can pass through simultaneously upper furnace body sidewall, preheating cabinet sidewall respectively with the rubbish in upper furnace body, the sky in preheating cabinet Gas generation heat exchange, preheats rubbish to be combusted and air inlet while lowering the temperature tail gas, has It is beneficial to rubbish is sufficiently burnt.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of water strainer disclosed in this utility model.
Detailed description of the invention
For making the purpose of this utility model embodiment, technical scheme and advantage clearer, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings Specific embodiment is described in detail.
As it is shown in figure 1, Fig. 1 is a kind of garbage disposal furnace gas-recycling plant that the utility model proposes, bag Include upper furnace body 1, lower furnace body 2, admission gear 3, interior cycling mechanism 4, exhaust gear 5 and air-introduced machine 9;
Upper furnace body 1 is arranged on lower furnace body 2 upper end, and jointly surrounds process chamber with lower furnace body 2;
Admission gear 3 includes the first air inlet pipe 301, aerator 302, preheating cabinet the 303, second air inlet pipe 304 With gas kitchen 305, preheating cabinet 303 is the casing that cross section is annular, and it is sleeved on the periphery of upper furnace body 1;First First end of air inlet pipe 301 connects with preheating cabinet 303, and the second end connects with aerator 302;Second air inlet First end of pipe 304 and the connection of preheating cabinet 303, the second end is inserted into the end processing chamber through upper furnace body 1 Portion.When being embodied as, in preheating cabinet 303, it is provided with dividing plate 6, and dividing plate 6 cooperatively forms spiral shell with preheating cabinet 303 Rotation shape air intake duct.So, can by increasing contact area and the time of contact of air and preheating cabinet 303 casing, The pre-heat effect of preheating cabinet 303 can be improved.Gas kitchen 305 is arranged on process intracavity, and is positioned at process chamber Bottom, gas kitchen 305 connects with the second end of the second air inlet pipe 304, and gas kitchen 305 is provided with pore;Specifically During enforcement, the pore quantity on gas kitchen 305 is multiple, and is uniformly distributed, and pore Open Side Down.As This, the solid mixed during desirably preventing incineration firing drops in gas kitchen 305 and results in blockage.
Interior cycling mechanism 4 includes suction disk the 401, first circulating line 402, circulating fan 403, second follows Endless tube road 404 and water strainer 405;Suction disk 401 be arranged on process chamber top, and its Open Side Down;The First end of one circulating line 402 is connected with suction disk 401, and the second end passes upper furnace body 1 and is arranged on Circulating fan 403 outside body of heater 1 connects;First end of the second circulating line 404 and circulating fan 403 Connecting, the second end passes upper furnace body 1 and is inserted into the middle and lower part processing chamber.When being embodied as, the second circulation Second end of pipeline 404 is positioned at the axis of lower furnace body 2, and Open Side Down.So, can follow by first Endless tube road 402, circulating fan the 403, second circulating line 404 and water strainer 405 can by process top, chamber Combustion gas body is passed into the bottom processing chamber, and due to the second circulating line 404, Open Side Down, and is positioned at lower stove At the axis of body 2, be conducive under gas inertia effect, enter into the bottom processing chamber.Simultaneously can also Prevent the impurity in rubbish from falling under gravity into the second circulating line 404.Water strainer 405 is arranged on second On circulating line 404, and water strainer 405 is positioned at the outside of upper furnace body 1.
As in figure 2 it is shown, Fig. 2 is the structural representation of water strainer disclosed in this utility model.Present embodiment In, water strainer 405 includes water strainer body 405a, header tank 405b;Water strainer body 405a is provided with Multiple rows of longitudinally disposed cooling tube 7 and the offgas duct 8 of multiple rows of horizontally set, multiple rows of cooling tube 7 and multiple rows of tail gas Pipe 8 is spaced, and many cooling tubes 7 are also serially connected in after connecting in outside cooling recirculation system, offgas duct 8 First end all connects with circulating fan 403, and the second end all connects with header tank 405b;Header tank 405b's Bottom is provided with closeable dewatering outlet.
Exhaust gear 5 includes baffle plate 501 and tail gas case 502;Baffle plate 501 is arranged in lower furnace body 2, and its Coordinate with the inner circumferential of lower furnace body 2 and surround the air collecting chamber that Open Side Down.Tail gas case 502 is arranged on upper furnace body 1 Periphery, and tail gas case 502 is between upper furnace body 1 and preheating cabinet 303, the bottom of tail gas case 502 with Air collecting chamber connects, and the upper end of tail gas case 502 is connected with external exhaust gas processing mechanism.When being embodied as, tail gas It is provided with the many cooling tubes connected with external water circulation in case 502, and cooling tube is positioned at the part of tail gas case It is distributed for continuous U-shaped.So, by cooling tube, tail gas can be cooled down, cooling tube is positioned at tail gas case Interior part is arranged as continuous U-shaped, by increasing capacitance it is possible to increase cooling tube and the contact area of tail gas, is conducive to improving heat Exchange efficiency.
In present embodiment, air-introduced machine 9 is arranged between connection tail gas case 502 and external exhaust gas processing mechanism, And the air inducing speed of air-introduced machine 9 is more than the blast velocity of aerator 302.So, form negative pressure at air collecting chamber, The fuel gas entering into process chamber from the second circulating line 404 second end is made to flow to air collecting chamber, and at stream Meet with the air of discharge in gas kitchen 305 and oxidation reaction occurs while air collecting chamber.Thus improve rubbish The efficiency processed.
The above, only this utility model preferably detailed description of the invention, but protection model of the present utility model Enclose and be not limited thereto, the technology model that any those familiar with the art discloses at this utility model In enclosing, conceive in addition equivalent or change according to the technical solution of the utility model and utility model thereof, all Should contain within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (7)

1. a garbage disposal furnace gas-recycling plant, it is characterised in that: include upper furnace body (1), lower furnace body (2), admission gear (3), interior cycling mechanism (4) and exhaust gear (5);
Upper furnace body (1) is arranged on lower furnace body (2) upper end, and jointly surrounds process chamber with lower furnace body (2);
Admission gear (3) include the first air inlet pipe (301), aerator (302), preheating cabinet (303), Two air inlet pipe (304) and gas kitchen (305), preheating cabinet (303) be cross section be annular casing, its suit Periphery in upper furnace body (1);First end of the first air inlet pipe (301) connects with preheating cabinet (303), the Two ends connect with aerator (302);First end of the second air inlet pipe (304) and the company of preheating cabinet (303) Logical, the second end is inserted into the bottom processing chamber through upper furnace body (1);Gas kitchen (305) is arranged on process chamber In, and it is positioned at the bottom processing chamber, gas kitchen (305) connects with the second end of the second air inlet pipe (304), Gas kitchen (305) is provided with pore;
Interior cycling mechanism (4) include suction disk (401), the first circulating line (402), circulating fan (403), Second circulating line (404) and water strainer (405);Suction disk (401) is arranged on the top processing chamber, And its Open Side Down;First end of the first circulating line (402) is connected with suction disk (401), the second end It is connected through upper furnace body (1) with the circulating fan (403) being arranged on upper furnace body (1) outside;Second circulation First end of pipeline (404) is connected with circulating fan (403), and the second end is through upper furnace body (1) and inserts To the middle and lower part processing chamber;Water strainer (405) is arranged on the second circulating line (404), and water strainer (405) outside of upper furnace body (1) it is positioned at;
Exhaust gear (5) includes baffle plate (501) and tail gas case (502);Baffle plate (501) is arranged on lower stove In body (2), and it coordinates with the inner circumferential of lower furnace body (2) and surrounds the air collecting chamber that Open Side Down;Tail gas case (502) it is arranged on the periphery of upper furnace body (1), and tail gas case (502) is positioned at upper furnace body (1) and preheating Between case (303), the bottom of tail gas case (502) connects with air collecting chamber, the upper end of tail gas case (502) with External exhaust gas processing mechanism connects.
Garbage disposal furnace gas-recycling plant the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: gas kitchen (305) the multiple pores on are uniformly distributed, and pore Open Side Down.
Garbage disposal furnace gas-recycling plant the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: preheating cabinet (303) it is provided with dividing plate (6) in, and dividing plate (6) cooperatively forms spirality channel with preheating cabinet (303).
Garbage disposal furnace gas-recycling plant the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: tail gas case (502) be provided with many cooling tubes in, and cooling tube to be positioned at the part of tail gas case be continuous U-shaped distribution.
Garbage disposal furnace gas-recycling plant the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: second follows Second end in endless tube road (404) is positioned at the axis of lower furnace body (2), and Open Side Down.
Garbage disposal furnace gas-recycling plant the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: water strainer (405) water strainer body (405a), header tank (405b) are included;Water strainer body (405a) is provided with Multiple rows of longitudinally disposed cooling tube (7) and the offgas duct (8) of multiple rows of horizontally set, multiple rows of cooling tube (7) Being spaced with multiple rows of offgas duct (8), many cooling tubes (7) are also serially connected in outside cooling cyclic system after connecting In system, the first end of offgas duct (8) all connects with circulating fan (403), the second end all with header tank (405b) Connection;The bottom of header tank (405b) is provided with closeable dewatering outlet, and cooling tube (7) and offgas duct (8) It is rectangular tube.
Garbage disposal furnace gas-recycling plant the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: also include Air-introduced machine (9), air-introduced machine (9) is arranged between connection tail gas case (502) and external exhaust gas processing mechanism, And the air inducing speed of air-introduced machine (9) is more than the blast velocity of aerator (302).
CN201620218873.4U 2016-03-21 2016-03-21 Garbage incinerator gas circulation device CN205619305U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620218873.4U CN205619305U (en) 2016-03-21 2016-03-21 Garbage incinerator gas circulation device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620218873.4U CN205619305U (en) 2016-03-21 2016-03-21 Garbage incinerator gas circulation device

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CN205619305U true CN205619305U (en) 2016-10-05

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106801875A (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-06-06 安徽未名鼎和环保有限公司 A kind of recyclegas combustion-supporting type refuse disposal system
CN106813246A (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-06-09 安徽未名鼎和环保有限公司 It is a kind of that there are two refuse treatment plants of body of heater
CN109882848A (en) * 2019-03-01 2019-06-14 虞刚 A kind of vibration-type furnace chamber waste incinerator

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106801875A (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-06-06 安徽未名鼎和环保有限公司 A kind of recyclegas combustion-supporting type refuse disposal system
CN106813246A (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-06-09 安徽未名鼎和环保有限公司 It is a kind of that there are two refuse treatment plants of body of heater
CN109882848A (en) * 2019-03-01 2019-06-14 虞刚 A kind of vibration-type furnace chamber waste incinerator

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20161005

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