CN105664713B - A kind of environment-friendly type farm cleaning harmful gas processing unit - Google Patents

A kind of environment-friendly type farm cleaning harmful gas processing unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105664713B
CN105664713B CN201610193339.7A CN201610193339A CN105664713B CN 105664713 B CN105664713 B CN 105664713B CN 201610193339 A CN201610193339 A CN 201610193339A CN 105664713 B CN105664713 B CN 105664713B
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reaction plate
threeway
adsorption reaction
air
stirred
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CN105664713A (en
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张宗群
齐威
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Wuhan Guiyan Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd
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Wuhan Guiyan Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/34Chemical or biological purification of waste gases
    • B01D53/74General processes for purification of waste gases; Apparatus or devices specially adapted therefor
    • B01D53/86Catalytic processes
    • B01D53/8678Removing components of undefined structure
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/02Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by adsorption, e.g. preparative gas chromatography
    • B01D53/04Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by adsorption, e.g. preparative gas chromatography with stationary adsorbents
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/34Chemical or biological purification of waste gases
    • B01D53/74General processes for purification of waste gases; Apparatus or devices specially adapted therefor
    • B01D53/86Catalytic processes
    • B01D53/869Multiple step processes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/34Chemical or biological purification of waste gases
    • B01D53/74General processes for purification of waste gases; Apparatus or devices specially adapted therefor
    • B01D53/86Catalytic processes
    • B01D53/88Handling or mounting catalysts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2253/00Adsorbents used in seperation treatment of gases and vapours
    • B01D2253/10Inorganic adsorbents
    • B01D2253/102Carbon
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2255/00Catalysts
    • B01D2255/20Metals or compounds thereof
    • B01D2255/207Transition metals
    • B01D2255/20707Titanium
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2255/00Catalysts
    • B01D2255/80Type of catalytic reaction
    • B01D2255/802Photocatalytic
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2255/00Catalysts
    • B01D2255/90Physical characteristics of catalysts
    • B01D2255/903Multi-zoned catalysts
    • B01D2255/9032Two zones
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2258/00Sources of waste gases
    • B01D2258/02Other waste gases
    • B01D2258/0266Other waste gases from animal farms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2259/00Type of treatment
    • B01D2259/45Gas separation or purification devices adapted for specific applications
    • B01D2259/455Gas separation or purification devices adapted for specific applications for transportable use
    • B01D2259/4558Gas separation or purification devices adapted for specific applications for transportable use for being employed as mobile cleaners for ambient air, i.e. the earth's atmosphere
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2259/00Type of treatment
    • B01D2259/80Employing electric, magnetic, electromagnetic or wave energy, or particle radiation
    • B01D2259/804UV light

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of air purification processing equipments, more particularly to a kind of environment-friendly type farm cleaning harmful gas processing unit, including shell, wind turbine, enter the wind threeway, outlet air threeway, castor, adsorption reaction plate, ultraviolet lamp tube, it is stirred to react bar, react plastic brush, revolving vane, fixing bearing, fixing bracket, react plastic brush surface titanium dioxide coating, the upper and lower surface of adsorption reaction plate in the carbon fiber felt covering of titanium dioxide coating and the cellular through-hole of middle layer segment by filling adsorbent, the configuration of the present invention is simple, cleaning harmful gas treatment effeciency in breeding house is improved using ultraviolet catalytic degradation and the combination of physical absorption, operating cost is low, decontamination process non-secondary pollution, it is more environmentally-friendly.

Description

A kind of environment-friendly type farm cleaning harmful gas processing unit
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of air purification processing equipment, more particularly at a kind of environment-friendly type farm cleaning harmful gas Manage device.
Background technology
Currently, each farm in order to increase economic efficiency, substantially use be all concentrate colony house large-scale breeding side Formula cultivates livestock and poultry animal.Due to the cultivation feature of scale, cause to have raised the very big livestock and poultry animal of density in breeding house, this A little livestock and poultry will produce more food-residue during searching for food feed daily, while can also discharge a large amount of fecaluria, produce in this way Raw a large amount of livestock wastes create good living environment to harmful microbe growth and breeding.Due in breeding house humidity compared with Greatly, temperature is high, and food-residue and feces of livestock and poultry are easy a large amount of ammonia of fermentation generation, hydrogen sulfide etc. and are harmful in this environment Gas.Generally in order to improve breeding environment, can appropriate ventilation, but during the cold season, for poultry house inside holding, usually It takes and shuts door and window to reduce cool exterior air entrance.But it shuts door and window and has resulted in atmosphere draught-free in poultry house, livestock and poultry The pernicious gases such as ammonia, the hydrogen sulfide generated after excreta fermentation cannot be spread, the concentration meeting of pernicious gas in last breeding house It is stepped up, aggravates the air pollution degree in poultry house.Temperature suitable in breeding house, larger humidity and a large amount of simultaneously Food-residue and excrement create good condition to harmful microbe growth and breeding, and in improper ventilation, these are harmful to micro- life Object is easy, through the dustborne in air, to have aggravated the risk of cultivated animals illness.
Livestock and poultry under such rugged environment, are both easy to cause various diseases, increase morbidity and mortality for a long time, And the speed of growth of livestock and poultry is seriously affected.In order to take precautions against and treat the disease of livestock and poultry, on the one hand because livestock and poultry medication causes to raise This increase is formed, on the other hand again because treatment medication causes food safety hazards.Therefore, a kind of scheme solution problem above is found For aquaculture very it is necessary to.
According to retrieval, finds and the relevant patent document of the application, specifically disclosed content are as follows:
(1) domestic number of patent application 201110236224.9《Domestic animals, poultry cultivation increase production machine》The scheme announced is to take out It takes the air outside cultivation colony house to carry out heat drying processing, then makes to generate in air by negative oxygen ion generating device and bear oxygen Ion, then these air tubes for containing negative oxygen ion are transported in colony house kills the germ in air by this method And virus, peculiar smell is removed, while maintaining suitable temperature in breeding house.Because negative oxygen ion is derived from the catharsis of air Negative oxygen ion is combined with positively charged particle phases such as bacterium, dust, smog in air, and is polymerized to ball and is fallen to the ground, to rise To the effect for sterilizing and eliminating peculiar smell caused by pernicious gas, institute eliminates ammonia, sulphur in breeding house to degradation in this way The effect for changing the cultivation harmful gas concentration such as hydrogen is limited, and such mode needs to consume the prodigious energy and carrys out heat drying gas With generation negative oxygen ion, behaves and will produce larger economic effect burden.
(2) domestic number of patent application 200920127389.0《A kind of aerosol ultraviolet photocatalysis air purifier》, institute It is photochemical catalyst that the device of announcement, which is with TiO2 nano-powders, allows it to be disperseed and be suspended in the form of aerosol in a reservoir, warp Crossing the irradiation catalysis of ultraviolet light makes pollution air separation purify, while killing the harmful microorganism in air, though the device can With gas is directly discharged into breeding house without extracting outside air heating by treated, the energy consumption problem of heating is solved, still The time that polluted gas is contacted with catalyst is very limited, and the air adverse concentration of device discharge is still higher, in breeding house Harmful gas concentration cannot drop quickly to safe concentration.Since the big quantity of cultivated animals density is more in breeding house, generate harmful The speed of gas is also than very fast.Most important ammonia and hydrogen sulfide are soluble easily in water in pernicious gas, have intense irritation Gas, be readily dissolved in pig respiratory mucosa and eye conjunctiva cause animal do not accommodate lesion, so needing in this case Harmful gas concentration is quickly reduced to safe concentration.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is mainly in livestock and poultry farm colony house, and pernicious gas is to raising animal when atmosphere draught-free Influence problem proposes that one kind is simple in structure, and cheap, operating cost is low, environment-friendly high-efficiency, quickly handles and is harmful to gas in farm The device of body.The device can sterilize to handled gas while efficiently quickly handling pernicious gas in colony house, Significantly improve the quality of air in poultry house, processing procedure energy conservation and environmental protection.
To achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:At a kind of environment-friendly type farm cleaning harmful gas It manages device, including shell, wind turbine, air inlet threeway, outlet air threeway, castor, adsorption reaction plate, ultraviolet lamp tube, is stirred to react bar, is anti- Answer plastic brush, revolving vane, fixing bearing, fixing bracket, the wind turbine is arranged at the top of shell, the air inlet threeway with Lower part of the housing communicates, and the air outlet connection of the outlet air threeway and wind turbine, the reaction plastic brush, which is fixed on, is stirred to react bar On, the revolving vane is fixed on the top for being stirred to react bar, and the castor is fixed on the bottom of shell.
Further, the air inlet threeway is equipped with indoor air inlet and outdoor air inlet, and outlet air threeway is equipped with interior Air outlet and outdoor air outlet, enter the wind in threeway and outlet air threeway and are respectively mounted valve.
Further, the ultraviolet lamp tube is in circular ring shape, and the annular center location of ultraviolet lamp tube is stirred reaction bar and hangs down Direct puncture mistake.
Further, the reaction plastic brush is made of toughened plastic silk, and reaction plastic brush surface coats titanium dioxide Titanium.
Further, the upper and lower surface of the adsorption reaction plate is covered by the carbon fiber felt of titanium dioxide coating, Layer segment is cellular through-hole in adsorption reaction plate, fills adsorbent in cellular through-hole, adsorption reaction plate centre bit is equipped with confession It is stirred to react the circular hole that bar passes perpendicularly through.
The application method of the present invention is as follows:It the present invention is placed on ground is pushed in breeding house by castor and suitably disposed Place is connect respectively with the outdoor air inlet of the present invention and outdoor gas outlet with two plastic ventilation hoses, and the two is moulded The other end nozzle of material steam hose is all communicated to outside breeding house, and the nozzle of two plastic ventilation hoses is allowed to be protected outside breeding house Certain distance is held, ensures that the air being discharged by outdoor gas outlet will not be sucked by outdoor air inlet immediately.It is moulded again with two Material steam hose respectively with the indoor air inlet of the present invention and indoor air outlet and connect, and by the two plastic ventilation hoses Other end nozzle is all placed in breeding house, and the nozzle of two plastic ventilation hoses is allowed to keep certain distance in breeding house, is protected The air that card is discharged by indoor air outlet will not be sucked by indoor air inlet immediately.
When the present invention starts to work, the multiple ultraviolet lamp tubes of enclosure interior start simultaneously at work, and wind turbine, which is started to work, extracts room Interior polluted gas enters in shell, simultaneously because gas flowing has pushed the rotation for being stirred to react bar top at fan air inlet Blade, drive are stirred to react bar and also rotate, and are fixed on the reaction plastic brush being stirred to react on bar in this way and are also revolved synchronous It turns over.
The gas having just enter into shell is stirred due to the reaction plastic brush that is rotated, and air-flow is distributed in shell More uniformly.Due to being coated with titanium dioxide on reaction plastic brush, under the irradiation of ultraviolet light, contacted with reaction plastic brush Polluted gas will be by catalytic degradation.
Adsorption reaction plate will be penetrated after the reacted plastic brush of gas stream from bottom to top.Due to being covered under adsorption reaction plate Capping and upper covering surface are the carbon fiber felt of titanium dioxide coating, and layer segment is cellular through-hole, honeycomb in adsorption reaction plate Adsorbent is filled in shape through-hole.During gas penetration adsorption reaction plate, first step gas is covered under adsorption reaction plate Capping contacts, and at this time due to ultraviolet light under adsorption reaction plate on the carbon fiber felt of covering surface, gas will be by catalytic degradation. Then gas penetration carbon fiber felt enters in the cellular through-hole in the middle part of adsorption reaction plate, is filled out in gas and cellular through-hole at this time The adsorbent contact filled, the pernicious gas ingredient that adsorbent will further adsorb in polluted gas.It finally flows out and adsorbs in gas When being contacted with the upper covering surface of adsorption reaction plate after the cellular through-hole in the middle part of reaction plate, at this time due to adsorption reaction plate above The ultraviolet lighting that ultraviolet lamp generates is mapped on the upper covering surface of adsorption reaction plate, and gas will carry out a catalytic degradation process again.
In order to improve the intensity and purification speed of air purification, it is anti-that enclosure interior is provided with being followed successively by from down to up for repetition The identical structural unit for answering plastic brush-ultraviolet lamp tube-adsorption reaction plate, in shell above the adsorption reaction plate of the top by Set gradually ultraviolet lamp tube and reaction plastic brush upwards down.
After the adsorption reaction plate of top layer in gas penetration shell, gas reacts plastics hair with what the last one was rotating Brush contact, carries out catalytic degradation, last gas is discharged by the plastic ventilation hose on indoor air outlet under the irradiation of ultraviolet light In breeding house.
The present invention is through continuous service after a period of time, when the close state for reaching saturation of adsorbent in adsorption reaction plate When, harmful gas concentration is begun to ramp up in breeding house, at this moment switches the valve in air inlet threeway and outlet air threeway simultaneously, at this time room Interior air inlet and indoor air outlet are closed, and outdoor air inlet and outdoor gas outlet are opened.Outdoor fresh air is through lower part of the housing Outdoor air inlet is pumped by wind turbine in shell.First, fresh air is stirred more uniform by reaction plastic brush, meanwhile, newly Fresh air kills entrained harmful microorganism under the irradiation of ultraviolet light.Then, fresh air is covered under adsorption reaction plate Capping contacts, and a part of pernicious gas on lower covering surface carbon fiber felt is desorbed.In next step, gas enter in adsorption reaction plate with Adsorbent contacts, and adsorbent pernicious gas is desorbed, and the pernicious gas being desorbed out is flowing out absorption with air-flow It when reaction plate, and will be contacted with the upper covering surface of adsorption reaction plate and reaction plastic brush, at this time by the feelings of ultraviolet light Under condition, part pernicious gas will reduce the concentration of pernicious gas in air-flow by catalytic degradation again in air-flow.Then, air-flow will Above procedure is repeated, until being discharged outside breeding house from outdoor gas outlet.
In the process, the outdoor gas for being pumped into the present invention is sterilized by ultraviolet light, it is therefore prevented that germ in outside air Air-borne transmission brings the cross contamination risk in breeding house into, is then carried out to the adsorbent of adsorption saturation in adsorption reaction plate Pernicious gas is desorbed, and the pernicious gas of desorption again will during the covering surface of Contact-sorption reaction plate and reaction plastic brush The secondary pollution to outdoor discharge of noxious gases is further sufficiently lowered until discharge is outdoor by catalytic degradation.
After the present invention uses longer period of time, if clean-up effect unobvious, shell can be dismantled, by adsorption reaction plate It is taken out from shell, replaces the adsorbent in adsorption reaction plate.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
(1) the configuration of the present invention is simple, cheap, operating cost is also very low, easy to spread.
(2) cleaning harmful gas is efficient, is greatly improved using the combination of ultraviolet catalytic degradation and physical absorption harmful Gas purification treatment effeciency.
(3) it is added and is stirred to react bar with revolving vane, make air-flow in shell while without additionally increasing Power Component Interior distribution is more uniform, while also further increasing the efficiency of catalytic degradation and the absorption uniformity of physical absorption.
(4) secondary pollution that pernicious gas is outwardly discharged in desorption process is reduced, it is more environmentally-friendly.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of front view of environment-friendly type farm cleaning harmful gas processing unit.
Fig. 2 is a kind of left view of environment-friendly type farm cleaning harmful gas processing unit.
Fig. 3 is a kind of right view of environment-friendly type farm cleaning harmful gas processing unit.
Fig. 4 is a kind of vertical view of environment-friendly type farm cleaning harmful gas processing unit.
Fig. 5 is Fig. 1 housing interior structure figures.
Fig. 6 is the A-A sectional views of Fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is the B-B sectional views of Fig. 5.
Fig. 8 is the schematic diagram of adsorption reaction plate.
Fig. 9 is the schematic diagram of adsorption reaction plate middle level partial cell shape through-hole.
Figure 10 is the C-C sectional views of Fig. 8.
Figure 11 is revolving vane, is stirred to react bar and reaction plastic brush installation stereoscopic schematic diagram.
In figure:1. shell;2. wind turbine;3. entering the wind threeway;4. outlet air threeway;5. castor;6. adsorption reaction plate;7. ultraviolet lamp Pipe;8. being stirred to react bar;9. reacting plastic brush;10. revolving vane;11. fixing bearing;12. fixing bracket;30. valve; 31. indoor air inlet;32. outdoor air inlet;41. indoor air outlet;42. air outlet outside Room;61. adsorption reaction plate carbon fiber felt Covering surface;62. cellular through-hole;63. adsorption reaction plate center circular hole.
Specific implementation mode
The present invention will be described in detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
As shown in Fig. 1~Figure 11, a kind of environment-friendly type farm cleaning harmful gas processing unit, including shell 1, wind turbine 2, Air inlet threeway 3, castor 5, adsorption reaction plate 6, ultraviolet lamp tube 7, is stirred to react bar 8, reaction plastic brush 9, rotation at outlet air threeway 4 Turn blade 10, fixing bearing 11, fixing bracket 12, the wind turbine 2 is arranged in the top of shell 1, the air inlet threeway 3 and shell 1 lower part communicates, and the outlet air threeway 4 is connect with the air outlet of wind turbine 2, and the reaction plastic brush 9, which is fixed on, is stirred to react bar 8 On, the revolving vane 10 is fixed on the top for being stirred to react bar 8, and the castor 5 is fixed on the bottom of shell 1.
Further, the air inlet threeway 3 is equipped with indoor air inlet 31 and outdoor air inlet 32, is set in outlet air threeway 4 There are indoor air outlet 41 and outdoor air outlet 42, enters the wind in threeway 3 and outlet air threeway 4 and be respectively mounted valve 30.
Further, the ultraviolet lamp tube 7 is in circular ring shape, and the annular center location of ultraviolet lamp tube 7 is stirred reaction bar 8 It passes perpendicularly through.
Further, the reaction plastic brush 9 is made of toughened plastic silk, and 9 surface of reaction plastic brush coats dioxy Change titanium.
Further, the upper and lower surface of the adsorption reaction plate 6 is covered by the carbon fiber felt 61 of titanium dioxide coating It covers, layer segment is cellular through-hole 62 in adsorption reaction plate 6, and adsorbent, 6 center of adsorption reaction plate are filled in cellular through-hole 62 Position has for being stirred to react the circular hole 63 that bar 8 passes perpendicularly through.
Using above-mentioned technical proposal, the catalytic degradation of pernicious gas and physical absorption are effectively combined, improved Evil gas purification efficiency, physical absorption using adsorbent be used as carrier, adsorbent can for natural zeolite, porous calcium silicate, The mixture of the one of which of diatomite, bentonite, montmorillonite, sepiolite, palygorskite etc. or several components, the adsorbent By drying, Screening Treatment, the particle that particle size range is 0.1 millimeter~5 millimeters, the adsorbent absorption property are chosen Good, cheap and easy to get at low cost, environment friendly and pollution-free, processing procedure is simple.
The application method of the present invention is as follows:The present invention is placed on ground and is pushed in breeding house by castor 5 and is suitably pacified Set place, 42 connect with the outdoor air inlet 32 of the present invention and outdoor air outlet respectively with two plastic ventilation hoses, and by this The other end nozzle of two plastic ventilation hoses is all communicated to outside breeding house, and the nozzle of two plastic ventilation hoses is allowed to cultivate House is outer to keep certain distance, ensures that the air being discharged by outdoor air outlet 42 will not be sucked by outdoor air inlet 32 immediately. Again with two plastic ventilation hoses respectively with the present invention indoor air inlet 31 and indoor air outlet 41 with connect, and by the two The other end nozzle of plastic ventilation hose is all placed in breeding house, and the nozzle of two plastic ventilation hoses is allowed to be protected in breeding house Certain distance is held, ensures that the air being discharged by indoor air outlet 41 will not be sucked by indoor air inlet 31 immediately.
When the present invention starts to work, multiple ultraviolet lamp tubes 7 start simultaneously at work inside shell 1, and wind turbine 2, which is started to work, to be extracted Indoor polluted gas enters in shell 1, simultaneously because gas flowing has pushed and is stirred to react 8 top of bar at 2 air inlet of wind turbine Revolving vane 10, drive is stirred to react bar 8 and also rotates, and is fixed on the reaction plastic brush 9 being stirred to react on bar 8 in this way Also it will synchronously rotate up.
The gas having just enter into shell 1 is due to the agitation of the reaction plastic brush 9 rotated, and air-flow is in shell 1 Distribution is more uniform.Due to being coated with titanium dioxide on reaction plastic brush 9, under the irradiation of ultraviolet light, and plastics hair is reacted The polluted gas of 9 contact of brush will be by catalytic degradation.
Adsorption reaction plate 6 will be penetrated from bottom to top after the reacted plastic brush of gas stream 9.Due in adsorption reaction plate 6 Lower covering surface and upper covering surface are the carbon fiber felt 61 of titanium dioxide coating, and layer segment is cellular logical in adsorption reaction plate 6 Adsorbent is filled in cellular through-hole 62 in hole 62.During gas penetration adsorption reaction plate 6, first step gas and absorption The lower covering surface of reaction plate 6 contacts, at this time since ultraviolet light is on the carbon fiber felt 61 of 6 times covering surfaces of adsorption reaction plate, Gas degrades the Titanium Dioxide coated on carbon fiber felt 61.Then gas penetration carbon fiber felt 61 enters adsorption reaction In the cellular through-hole 62 at 6 middle part of plate, gas is contacted with the adsorbent filled in cellular through-hole 62 at this time, and adsorbent will be into one Pernicious gas ingredient in step absorption polluted gas.Finally after the cellular through-hole 62 at 6 middle part of gas outflow adsorption reaction plate When being contacted with the upper covering surface of adsorption reaction plate 6, at this time due to the ultraviolet light of the generation of ultraviolet lamp tube 7 of 6 top of adsorption reaction plate It is irradiated on the upper covering surface of adsorption reaction plate 6, gas will carry out a catalytic degradation process again.
In order to improve the intensity and purification speed of air purification, shell 1 is internally provided with being followed successively by from down to up for repetition React the identical structural unit of plastic brush 9- ultraviolet lamp tube 7- adsorption reactions plate 6, the adsorption reaction plate of the top in shell 1 6 tops set gradually ultraviolet lamp tube 7 and reaction plastic brush 9 from bottom to top.
After the adsorption reaction plate 6 of top layer in gas penetration shell 1, gas reacts plastics with what the last one was rotating Hairbrush 9 contacts, and catalytic degradation is carried out under the irradiation of ultraviolet light, last gas is by the plastic ventilation hose in indoor air outlet 41 It is discharged into breeding house.
The present invention is through continuous service after a period of time, when the close shape for reaching saturation of adsorbent in adsorption reaction plate 6 When state, harmful gas concentration is begun to ramp up in breeding house, at this moment switches the valve 30 in air inlet threeway and outlet air threeway simultaneously, this When indoor air inlet 31 and indoor air outlet 41 close, outdoor air inlet 32 and outdoor air outlet 42 are opened.Outdoor fresh air Outdoor air inlet 32 through 1 lower part of shell is pumped by wind turbine 2 in shell 1.First, fresh air is stirred by reaction plastic brush 9 More uniformly, meanwhile, fresh air kills entrained harmful microorganism under the irradiation of ultraviolet light.Then, fresh air It is contacted with the lower covering surface of adsorption reaction plate 6, a part of pernicious gas on lower covering surface carbon fiber felt 61 is desorbed.In next step, Gas enters in adsorption reaction plate 6 to be contacted with adsorbent, and adsorbent pernicious gas is desorbed.What is be desorbed out is harmful Gas will be contacted when flowing out adsorption reaction plate 6 with air-flow with the upper covering surface of adsorption reaction plate 6 and reaction plastic brush 9, At this time by ultraviolet light, part pernicious gas will be reduced in air-flow and be harmful to by catalytic degradation again in air-flow The concentration of gas.Then, air-flow will repeat above procedure, until being discharged outside breeding house from outdoor air outlet 42.
In the process, the outdoor gas for being pumped into inventive shell 1 is sterilized by ultraviolet light, it is therefore prevented that in outside air Germ air-borne transmission brings the cross contamination risk in breeding house into, then to the adsorbent of adsorption saturation in adsorption reaction plate 6 Pernicious gas desorption is carried out, the mistake of the pernicious gas of desorption in the covering surface and reaction plastic brush 9 of Contact-sorption reaction plate 6 To the secondary pollution to outdoor discharge of noxious gases further be sufficiently lowered until discharge is outdoor by catalytic degradation again in journey.
After the present invention uses longer period of time, if clean-up effect unobvious, shell 1 can be dismantled, by adsorption reaction Plate 6 takes out from shell 1, replaces the adsorbent in adsorption reaction plate 6.
The configuration of the present invention is simple, cheap, operating cost is also very low, easy to spread.Cleaning harmful gas is efficient. The secondary pollution that pernicious gas is outwardly discharged in desorption process is reduced during use, it is more environmentally-friendly.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of environment-friendly type farm cleaning harmful gas processing unit, it is characterised in that:Including shell (1), wind turbine (2), into Wind threeway (3), castor (5), adsorption reaction plate (6), ultraviolet lamp tube (7), is stirred to react bar (8), reaction modeling at outlet air threeway (4) Expect hairbrush (9), revolving vane (10), fixing bearing (11), fixing bracket (12), top of wind turbine (2) setting in shell (1) Portion, the air inlet threeway (3) communicate with shell (1) lower part, and the outlet air threeway (4) connect with the air outlet of wind turbine (2), described Reaction plastic brush (9), which is fixed on, to be stirred to react on bar (8), and the revolving vane (10) is fixed on the top for being stirred to react bar (8) Portion, the castor (5) are fixed on the bottom of shell (1), the adsorption reaction plate (6), ultraviolet lamp tube (7) and are stirred to react bar (8) it is arranged at the inside of shell (1), the bar (8) that is stirred to react vertically is worn from the center position of adsorption reaction plate (6) It crosses, ultraviolet lamp tube (7) and reaction plastic brush (9) is provided with above and below the adsorption reaction plate (6).
2. a kind of environment-friendly type farm cleaning harmful gas processing unit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described It enters the wind threeway (3) and is equipped with indoor air inlet (31) and outdoor air inlet (32), outlet air threeway (4) is equipped with indoor air outlet (41) and outdoor air outlet (42), air inlet threeway (3) and outlet air threeway (4) is interior is respectively mounted valve (30).
3. a kind of environment-friendly type farm cleaning harmful gas processing unit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described Ultraviolet lamp tube (7) be in circular ring shape, the annular center location of ultraviolet lamp tube (7) is stirred reaction bar (8) and passes perpendicularly through.
4. a kind of environment-friendly type farm cleaning harmful gas processing unit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described Reaction plastic brush (9) is made of toughened plastic silk, reacts plastic brush (9) surface titanium dioxide coating.
5. a kind of environment-friendly type farm cleaning harmful gas processing unit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described The upper and lower surface of adsorption reaction plate (6) is covered by the carbon fiber felt (61) of titanium dioxide coating, in adsorption reaction plate (6) Layer segment is cellular through-hole (62), and adsorbent is filled in cellular through-hole (62), and adsorption reaction plate (6) centre bit is equipped with for stirring Mix the circular hole (63) that reaction bar (8) passes perpendicularly through.
CN201610193339.7A 2016-03-30 2016-03-30 A kind of environment-friendly type farm cleaning harmful gas processing unit Active CN105664713B (en)

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CN108889043A (en) * 2018-07-19 2018-11-27 江苏安纳泰环保科技有限公司 A kind of photocatalysis organic waste gas treatment device
CN112120255B (en) * 2020-09-23 2021-11-23 山东康裕生物科技有限公司 Feed processing device

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