CN105660426A - Ecological sheep pen used for large-scale captivity - Google Patents

Ecological sheep pen used for large-scale captivity Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105660426A
CN105660426A CN201610215669.1A CN201610215669A CN105660426A CN 105660426 A CN105660426 A CN 105660426A CN 201610215669 A CN201610215669 A CN 201610215669A CN 105660426 A CN105660426 A CN 105660426A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
sheep
excrement
ecological
manure
floor
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610215669.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
林裕胜
胡奇林
江锦秀
游伟
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary of Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Original Assignee
Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary of Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary of Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences filed Critical Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary of Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Priority to CN201610215669.1A priority Critical patent/CN105660426A/en
Publication of CN105660426A publication Critical patent/CN105660426A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • A01K1/0047Air-conditioning, e.g. ventilation, of animal housings
    • A01K1/0052Arrangement of fans or blowers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • A01K1/0047Air-conditioning, e.g. ventilation, of animal housings
    • A01K1/0064Construction of air inlets or outlets in walls
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • A01K1/01Removal of dung or urine, e.g. from stables
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • A01K1/01Removal of dung or urine, e.g. from stables
    • A01K1/0103Removal of dung or urine, e.g. from stables of liquid manure

Landscapes

  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Zoology (AREA)
  • Animal Husbandry (AREA)
  • Biodiversity & Conservation Biology (AREA)
  • Housing For Livestock And Birds (AREA)

Abstract

The invention provides an ecological sheep pen used for large-scale captivity. The ecological sheep pen used for the large-scale captivity is characterized in that a trapezoid boss is arranged at the middle part of the sheep pen along the length direction of the sheep pen, slopes at the two sides of the boss are diversion slopes used for guiding excrement and cleaning water, excrement leakage floors are arranged from long sides at the two sides of the top plane of the boss to the side wall of the sheep pen, sheep can walk or take a rest on the excrement leakage floors and the top plane of the boss, and the excrement leakage floors can enable excrements of sheep to pass through; excrement collecting tanks are arranged at feet of the diversion slopes, and an excrement cutting device provided with an excrement scraping plate is arranged in each excrement collecting tank; the bottom of each excrement collecting tank is a slotted floor which blocks sheep excrement and allows sheep urine to pass through, and a urine tank is arranged below the slotted floors; the excrement leakage floors, the slotted floors and excrement scrapping plates are respectively formed by a corrosion-resistant material; and a ventilation system is arranged in the sheep pen. By virtue of special design of sheep pen floors and sheep excrement cleaning facilities, the ecological sheep pen used for the large-scale captivity can carry out healthy large-scale cultivation on sheep and hardly produces pollution to the environment.

Description

A kind of ecological sheep cot for mass-producing stable breeding
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural facility, especially a kind of ecological sheep cot for mass-producing stable breeding.
Background technology
Current multifarious about the construction of sheep hurdle, and large-scale cultivation sheep hurdle is also each has something to recommend him. The main problem that large-scale cultivation faces has the night soil-treatment of flock of sheep in sheep hurdle, sheep hurdle ammonia emission, artificial breeding etc. Construction with regard to current sheep hurdle mainly comprises diet, lodging and playground etc.; so such design puts sheep in a suitable place to breed for some and cultivation on a small scale may be relatively suitable; it is unfavorable for the popularization of scale livestock farming; because needing athletic ground area relatively big, conflict mutually when relatively limited with current land resources.
Though having the design of some ecological sheep cot to occur at present; but large-scale cultivation is often only considered in its design; healthy raising and problem of environmental pollution to sheep is fully considered; how to design one and mass-producing can support sheep; the healthy raising of sheep and the ecological sheep cot of problem of environmental pollution can be taken into account again, it is a research direction, in addition; owing to sheep excrement possesses stronger corrodibility, therefore in sheep hurdle designs, also tackle this and considered.
The patent of the patent No. 202588032 discloses a kind of novel high bed sheep hurdle, crack floor and excrement cleaning device are set to clear up the movement of sheep, but there is certain difference on crack floor with nature ground, sheep long-term life on crack floor is unfavorable to sheep hoof growth, is not suitable for raising the big sheep of body weight, simultaneously owing to sheep hurdle easily produces ammonia, and ammonia proportion is less than air, upwards floating in sheep hurdle, this patent does not arrange ventilation plant above sheep hurdle, is unfavorable for the growth of sheep.
Summary of the invention
The present invention proposes a kind of ecological sheep cot for mass-producing stable breeding, by the particular design on sheep hurdle floor and sheep movement cleaning facility, sheep can carry out healthy large-scale cultivation, not easily polluted by environment simultaneously.
The present invention is by the following technical solutions.
A kind of ecological sheep cot for mass-producing stable breeding, trapezoid boss it is provided with along its length in the middle part of described sheep hurdle, boss sloped sides is the water conservancy diversion slope for guiding movement and water for cleaning, long limit, plane both sides, boss top arranges screen floor for manure to sheep hurdle side-walls, screen floor for manure and boss top plane all for sheep walking or can be had a rest, and described screen floor for manure can allow sheep movement pass through; Toe place, described water conservancy diversion slope is provided with collecting dung groove, and what be provided with band manure scraper plate in collecting dung groove cuts excrement device to pieces; Described collecting dung trench bottom is stop sheep excrement but allow sheep to urinate the crack floor passed through, and is urine groove below crack floor; Described screen floor for manure, crack floor and manure scraper plate are all shaping with corrosion resistant material; It is provided with ventilation system in described sheep hurdle.
Described screen floor for manure, crack floor and manure scraper plate are shaping with nickel-base alloy.
Described excrement device of cutting to pieces is for automatically cutting excrement device to pieces.
Described ventilation system comprises transom and vent fan, and sheep hurdle roof is located at by described vent fan, and described transom is located at sheep hurdle sidewall, and sheep hurdle both sides are provided with automatic roller shutter for controlling the ventilation of transom.
Being provided with temperature sensor, ammonia level detector and ventilation system controller in described sheep hurdle, described temperature sensor, ammonia level detector are connected with ventilation system controller, and described ventilation system controller is connected to automatic roller shutter and it is controlled.
Described automatic roller shutter is provided with handle for manual-operated emergent operation.
Plane place, described trapezoid boss top is provided with cleaning facility.
Described urine groove communicates with outside methane-generating pit.
Described collecting dung slot is between water conservancy diversion slope toe and sheep hurdle sidewall.
In the present invention, trapezoid boss it is provided with along its length in the middle part of described sheep hurdle, boss sloped sides is the water conservancy diversion slope for guiding movement and water for cleaning, long limit, plane both sides, boss top arranges screen floor for manure to sheep hurdle side-walls, and screen floor for manure and boss top plane all for sheep walking or can be had a rest; This design is divided into sheep hurdle floor flat solid ground, boss top and boss both sides screen floor for manure two pieces so that sheep can walk on the floor of different contact surface and have a rest, and is conducive to the growth of sheep hoof, not easily makes sheep produce the disease of sheep hoof aspect.
In the present invention, boss sloped sides is the water conservancy diversion slope for guiding movement and water for cleaning, long limit, plane both sides, boss top arranges screen floor for manure to sheep hurdle side-walls, and plane place, described trapezoid boss top is provided with cleaning facility, and described collecting dung slot is between water conservancy diversion slope toe and sheep hurdle sidewall; This design brings facility to the cleaning of movement in sheep hurdle, only need to rinse floor to clean the water tap of facility, just the movement of sheep can be swept away water conservancy diversion slope, concentrate in collecting dung groove, with the movable rest area of sheep apart from farther, be conducive to the health of sheep, be also conducive to reducing the contact surface of sheep movement and air, reduce foul smell to produce, it is beneficial to environmental health.
In the present invention, described collecting dung trench bottom is stop sheep excrement but allow sheep to urinate the crack floor passed through, and is urine groove below crack floor; Described urine groove communicates with outside methane-generating pit; This design can reduce the liquid residue of collecting dung groove, reduces foul smell and produces, is beneficial to environmental health.
In the present invention, what be provided with band manure scraper plate in collecting dung groove cuts excrement device to pieces, described in cut excrement device to pieces for automatically cutting excrement device to pieces; This design can remove the long-pending excrement in sheep hurdle fast, is not only conducive to cleaning in sheep hurdle, also greatly reduces sheep movement to the volatilization in air, reduces environmental pollution.
In the present invention, described screen floor for manure, crack floor and manure scraper plate are shaping with nickel-base alloy, and this material possesses very strong erosion resistance, can contact sheep movement for a long time and not damaged, are conducive to the life-time service of product of the present invention.
In the present invention, described ventilation system comprises transom and vent fan, and sheep hurdle roof is located at by described vent fan, and described transom is located at sheep hurdle sidewall, and sheep hurdle both sides are provided with automatic roller shutter for controlling the ventilation of transom; Owing to the ammonia proportion in sheep hurdle is lighter than air, therefore floating in sheep hurdle, can being taken a breath in sheep hurdle top and middle part by this design fast, the ammonia in sheep hurdle is displaced sheep hurdle in time, are beneficial to the growth of sheep.
In the present invention, being provided with temperature sensor, ammonia level detector and ventilation system controller in described sheep hurdle, described temperature sensor, ammonia level detector are connected with ventilation system controller, and described ventilation system controller is connected to automatic roller shutter and it is controlled; The design achieves intelligent environment to regulate, sheep hurdle Air quality and temperature can be ensured, again can effective conservation of power.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is described in more detail:
Accompanying drawing 1 is the schematic diagram at the trapezoid boss place of product of the present invention;
Accompanying drawing 2 is the schematic diagram of product of the present invention;
In figure: 1-trapezoid boss; 2-screen floor for manure; 3-boss top plane; 4-cuts excrement device to pieces; 5-crack floor; 6-collecting dung groove; 7-methane-generating pit; 8-vent fan; 9-transom; The automatic roller shutter of 10-; 11-water conservancy diversion slope; 12-urine groove.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, a kind of ecological sheep cot for mass-producing stable breeding, trapezoid boss 1 it is provided with along its length in the middle part of described sheep hurdle, boss 1 sloped sides is the water conservancy diversion slope 11 for guiding movement and water for cleaning, long limit, plane 3 both sides, boss top arranges screen floor for manure 2 to sheep hurdle side-walls, screen floor for manure 2 and boss top plane 3 all for sheep walking or can be had a rest, and described screen floor for manure 2 can allow sheep movement pass through; Toe place, described water conservancy diversion slope 11 is provided with collecting dung groove 6, and what be provided with band manure scraper plate in collecting dung groove 6 cuts excrement device 4 to pieces; For stopping sheep excrement but allow sheep to urinate the crack floor 5 passed through bottom described collecting dung groove 6, it is urine groove 12 below crack floor 5; Described screen floor for manure 2, crack floor 5 and manure scraper plate are all shaping with corrosion resistant material; It is provided with ventilation system in described sheep hurdle.
Described screen floor for manure 2, crack floor 5 and manure scraper plate are shaping with nickel-base alloy.
Described excrement device 4 of cutting to pieces is for automatically cutting excrement device to pieces.
Described ventilation system comprises transom 9 and vent fan 8, and sheep hurdle roof is located at by described vent fan 8, and described transom 9 is located at sheep hurdle sidewall, and sheep hurdle both sides are provided with automatic roller shutter 10 for controlling the ventilation of transom 9.
Being provided with temperature sensor, ammonia level detector and ventilation system controller in described sheep hurdle, described temperature sensor, ammonia level detector are connected with ventilation system controller, and described ventilation system controller is connected to automatic roller shutter 10 to its control.
Described automatic roller shutter 10 is provided with handle for manual-operated emergent operation.
Plane place, described trapezoid boss 1 top is provided with cleaning facility.
Described urine groove 12 communicates with outside methane-generating pit 7.
Described collecting dung groove 6 is positioned between water conservancy diversion slope 11 toe and sheep hurdle sidewall.
Embodiment:
In sheep hurdle, screen floor for manure 2 and boss top plane 3 all for sheep walking or can be had a rest, when mutton chop is let out, screen floor for manure 2 can allow sheep movement by and fall into collecting dung groove 6 through water conservancy diversion slope, ight soil in sheep movement is stopped by crack floor, sheep urine then flows in urethral catheterization groove 12 by crack floor, excrement device 4 of cutting to pieces in collecting dung groove 6 just starts at regular intervals automatically, sheep excrement in collecting dung groove 6 is scraped to, in the outward transport device of collecting dung groove 6 end, keeping cleaning in collecting dung groove 6.
When the temperature in sheep hurdle is too high, or when ammonia level is excessive, ventilation system controller controls the pull-up of automatic roller shutter 10, strengthens the air flow of transom 9, the Air quality in sheep hurdle is promoted, and sheep hurdle temperature return is normal.

Claims (9)

1. the ecological sheep cot for mass-producing stable breeding, it is characterized in that: in the middle part of described sheep hurdle, be provided with trapezoid boss along its length, boss sloped sides is the water conservancy diversion slope for guiding movement and water for cleaning, long limit, plane both sides, boss top arranges screen floor for manure to sheep hurdle side-walls, screen floor for manure and boss top plane all for sheep walking or can be had a rest, and described screen floor for manure can allow sheep movement pass through; Toe place, described water conservancy diversion slope is provided with collecting dung groove, and what be provided with band manure scraper plate in collecting dung groove cuts excrement device to pieces; Described collecting dung trench bottom is stop sheep excrement but allow sheep to urinate the crack floor passed through, and is urine groove below crack floor; Described screen floor for manure, crack floor and manure scraper plate are all shaping with corrosion resistant material; It is provided with ventilation system in described sheep hurdle.
2. a kind of ecological sheep cot for mass-producing stable breeding according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described screen floor for manure, crack floor and manure scraper plate are shaping with nickel-base alloy.
3. a kind of ecological sheep cot for mass-producing stable breeding according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described in cut excrement device to pieces for automatically cutting excrement device to pieces.
4. a kind of ecological sheep cot for mass-producing stable breeding according to claim 1; it is characterized in that: described ventilation system comprises transom and vent fan; sheep hurdle roof is located at by described vent fan; described transom is located at sheep hurdle sidewall, and sheep hurdle both sides are provided with automatic roller shutter for controlling the ventilation of transom.
5. a kind of ecological sheep cot for mass-producing stable breeding according to claim 4; it is characterized in that: in described sheep hurdle, be provided with temperature sensor, ammonia level detector and ventilation system controller; described temperature sensor, ammonia level detector are connected with ventilation system controller, and described ventilation system controller is connected to automatic roller shutter and it is controlled.
6. a kind of ecological sheep cot for mass-producing stable breeding according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: described automatic roller shutter is provided with handle for manual-operated emergent operation.
7. a kind of ecological sheep cot for mass-producing stable breeding according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: plane place, described trapezoid boss top is provided with cleaning facility.
8. a kind of ecological sheep cot for mass-producing stable breeding according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described urine groove communicates with outside methane-generating pit.
9. a kind of ecological sheep cot for mass-producing stable breeding according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described collecting dung slot is between water conservancy diversion slope toe and sheep hurdle sidewall.
CN201610215669.1A 2016-04-08 2016-04-08 Ecological sheep pen used for large-scale captivity Pending CN105660426A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Publications (1)

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CN105660426A true CN105660426A (en) 2016-06-15

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108496811A (en) * 2018-04-02 2018-09-07 魏全 Drainage

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203872741U (en) * 2014-04-08 2014-10-15 安徽农业大学 Water-saving blow-down system for animal house
CN204518778U (en) * 2015-03-11 2015-08-05 新疆桦骏昌科技有限公司 A kind of ecological sheep cot carrying cooling system
CN204598918U (en) * 2015-03-18 2015-09-02 福建省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所 Typhoon protection sheep hurdle
CN204634624U (en) * 2015-04-20 2015-09-16 牧原食品股份有限公司 The adjacent independent pig house cleaning ight soil combined power plants in culture zone
CN204742134U (en) * 2015-06-03 2015-11-11 清流县五行农牧渔综合开发有限公司 Novel scrape yang fengou
CN204811417U (en) * 2015-06-09 2015-12-02 金华职业技术学院 Environment -friendly sheep hurdle
CN204929919U (en) * 2015-09-07 2016-01-06 云南农业大学 A kind of pigsty hurdle being separated lavatory containing fecaluria

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203872741U (en) * 2014-04-08 2014-10-15 安徽农业大学 Water-saving blow-down system for animal house
CN204518778U (en) * 2015-03-11 2015-08-05 新疆桦骏昌科技有限公司 A kind of ecological sheep cot carrying cooling system
CN204598918U (en) * 2015-03-18 2015-09-02 福建省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所 Typhoon protection sheep hurdle
CN204634624U (en) * 2015-04-20 2015-09-16 牧原食品股份有限公司 The adjacent independent pig house cleaning ight soil combined power plants in culture zone
CN204742134U (en) * 2015-06-03 2015-11-11 清流县五行农牧渔综合开发有限公司 Novel scrape yang fengou
CN204811417U (en) * 2015-06-09 2015-12-02 金华职业技术学院 Environment -friendly sheep hurdle
CN204929919U (en) * 2015-09-07 2016-01-06 云南农业大学 A kind of pigsty hurdle being separated lavatory containing fecaluria

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108496811A (en) * 2018-04-02 2018-09-07 魏全 Drainage
CN108496811B (en) * 2018-04-02 2024-05-28 魏全 Sewage draining system

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Application publication date: 20160615