CN105638543B - Zero-emission Fish-shrimp mix-culture system - Google Patents

Zero-emission Fish-shrimp mix-culture system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105638543B
CN105638543B CN201610122971.2A CN201610122971A CN105638543B CN 105638543 B CN105638543 B CN 105638543B CN 201610122971 A CN201610122971 A CN 201610122971A CN 105638543 B CN105638543 B CN 105638543B
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China
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sedimentation basin
fish
mud
inclined plate
shrimp mix
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CN201610122971.2A
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CN105638543B8 (en
CN105638543A (en
Inventor
于芳
于慧
王书敏
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Chongqing University of Arts and Sciences
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Chongqing University of Arts and Sciences
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish

Abstract

The invention patent discloses zero-emission Fish-shrimp mix-culture system, which is made of Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) and multi-functional sedimentation basin (22);Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) is made of Multiple-Aperture Device (1), sludge pipe (2), nanometer aeration pipe (3), bait table (4), support frame (5), filter (6) and mud-collecting well I (7);Multi-functional sedimentation basin (22) is made of catch basin (9), purifying plant (10), composite filling (11), sedimentation basin I (12), water inlet pipe (13), precipitation inclined plate I (14), sedimentation basin II (15), outlet pipe (16), mud-collecting well II (17), sludge pipe (18), precipitation inclined plate II (19), sedimentation basin III (20).The major advantage of this patent is as follows: (1) realizing the high-density breeding of Penaeus Vannmei, be conducive to aquaculture management;(2) purification of water quality ability is strong, and discharge rate is low;(3) the same pond mixed breeding of Penaeus Vannmei and predacious fish is realized.

Description

Zero-emission Fish-shrimp mix-culture system
Technical field
The invention patent belongs to aquaculture and water environment protection technical field, and in particular to Penaeus Vannmei batch production follows The cultivation of ring water, is particularly suitable for the high density recirculated water industrial aquaculture of hinterland Penaeus Vannmei.
Background technique
Penaeus Vannmei delicious meat processes meat height, and suitable temperature range is wide, can grow at 18-32 DEG C, can be in salinity 1- It is grown under the conditions of 40 ‰, is a kind of excellent desalination cultivation kind.Penaeus Vannmei growth is fast, and disease resistance is strong, gradually at For the main cultivation shrimp species in China.
However, with the expansion of culture of Penaeus vannamei scale and the raising of cultivation density, environmental pollution and economic constraints The problems such as get worse, strongly limit the development of culture fishery.It is a large amount of residual especially during intensive aquaculture Bait excrement is discharged into breeding water body, accumulates the noxious materials such as ammonia nitrogen rapidly, cultivation water is caused to deteriorate, and is generated potential Environmental pollution.In a very long time, the most efficient method for solving water quality deterioration is to carry out draining in time to change water, however, only It is only that the daily water consumption of small-sized or medium-sized aquaculture system just reaches several hundred sides, the every growth 1kg of Penaeus Vannmei, at least Need the quantity of exchanged water of 20 t.Therefore, by eliminating breeding water body based on the circulating water culture system of different biological treatment modes Pollutant develops high density industrial aquaculture, accomplish economic benefit and environmental protection synchronize develop simultaneously, it has also become Penaeus Vannmei is feeding Grow technical problem in the urgent need to address.
Summary of the invention
Habit of the present invention for Penaeus Vannmei and the production blowdown feature in Penaeus Vannmei production process, It is proposed a kind of zero-emission Fish-shrimp mix-culture system.The cultivating system effectively reduces Penaeus Vannmei by ecology Technology design Autotomy rate has ensured the economic benefit of Penaeus Vannmei batch production high-density breeding, and management is simple, realizes breeding wastewater zero-emission It puts.
The technical solution of the invention patent is as follows:
Zero-emission Fish-shrimp mix-culture system, it is characterised in that: the system is by Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) and multi-functional sedimentation basin (22) it forms, is connected between Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) and multi-functional sedimentation basin (22) by communicating pipe (23), on communicating pipe (23) It installs solenoid valve (8);Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) by Multiple-Aperture Device (1), sludge pipe (2), nanometer aeration pipe (3), bait table (4), Support frame (5), filter (6) and mud-collecting well I (7) composition;Multi-functional sedimentation basin (22) is by catch basin (9), purifying plant (10), group Close filler (11), sedimentation basin I (12), water inlet pipe (13), precipitation inclined plate I (14), sedimentation basin II (15), outlet pipe (16), collection mud Well II (17), sludge pipe (18), precipitation inclined plate II (19), sedimentation basin III (20) composition.
Further, zero-emission Fish-shrimp mix-culture system, it is characterised in that: 30 ° of Multiple-Aperture Device (1) inclination angle is piled up by porous brick It forms, 1.0 meters of height, length and Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) are of same size, are spaced 2.0 meters and lay 1;Mud-collecting well I (7) inclination angle 45 °, it is located at Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) bottom, is distributed along Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) length direction, each mud-collecting well I (7) is deep 300mm;Sludge pipe (2) elevation of top is identical as mud-collecting well I (7) elevation of bottom, and the gap 5mm is opened at top, and passes through top gap It is connected to mud-collecting well I (7) bottom.
Further, zero-emission Fish-shrimp mix-culture system, it is characterised in that: Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) bottom is laid with support frame (5), Filter (6) are laid on support frame (5), filter (6) is made of the stainless (steel) wire of aperture 20mm, the breeding spaces on filter (6) top To cultivate Penaeus Vannmei, the mud-collecting well I (7) of filter (6) bottom is to cultivate predacious fish (Tilapia mossambica or snakeheaded fish).
Further, zero-emission Fish-shrimp mix-culture system, it is characterised in that: catch basin (9), sedimentation basin I (12), sedimentation basin II (15), sedimentation basin III (20), water inlet pipe (13) be concentric structure, water inlet pipe (13), sedimentation basin I (12), sedimentation basin II (15), The elevation of top of sedimentation basin III (20) successively reduces 0.3-0.5 meters, the elevation of top phase of catch basin (9) and sedimentation basin III (20) Together;Sedimentation basin I (12) is 2.0 meters deep, and water inlet pipe (13) elevation of bottom is higher than 0.3 meter of sedimentation basin I (12) elevation of bottom;Mud-collecting well I (7) inclination angle is 45 °, and elevation of top is identical as sedimentation basin I (12) elevation of bottom;The bottom of sedimentation basin II (15), sedimentation basin III (20) Portion's absolute altitude is identical as the elevation of bottom of mud-collecting well I (7).
Further, zero-emission Fish-shrimp mix-culture system, it is characterised in that: precipitation inclined plate II is arranged in sedimentation basin II (15) bottom (19), precipitation inclined plate II (19) inclination angle is 45 °, and the inclined plate spacing of precipitation inclined plate II (19) is 0.1-0.4 meters, and precipitation inclined plate II (19) inclined plate of bottommost is connected with sedimentation basin II (15) bottom.
Further, zero-emission Fish-shrimp mix-culture system, it is characterised in that: filter packing, filtering are set in sedimentation basin III (20) Filler is the gravel of partial size 10-20mm;Composite filling (11) are hung in sedimentation basin II (15), sedimentation basin III (20) and catch basin (9) purifying plant (10) are planted at top.
To bury sludge pipe (18) respectively convenient for spoil disposal, mud-collecting well I (7) and mud-collecting well II (17) bottom, sludge pipe (18) It is made of the pipe of DN100mm.
The major advantage of the invention patent is as follows: (1), realizing the high-density breeding of Penaeus Vannmei, be conducive to cultivate Management;(2), purification of water quality ability is strong, and discharge rate is low;(3), the same pond mixed breeding of Penaeus Vannmei and predacious fish is realized, Improve bait utilization and culture efficiency.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the system, and Fig. 2 is the floor map of the system, in figure:
1- Multiple-Aperture Device;2- sludge pipe;3- nanometer aeration pipe;4- bait table;5- support frame;6- filter;7- mud-collecting well I; 8- solenoid valve;9- catch basin;10- purifying plant;11- composite filling;12- sedimentation basin I;13- water inlet pipe;14- precipitation inclined plate I; 15- sedimentation basin II;16- outlet pipe;17- mud-collecting well II;18- sludge pipe;19- precipitation inclined plate II;20- sedimentation basin III;21- fishes and shrimps Raise together pond;The multi-functional sedimentation basin of 22-;23- communicating pipe.
Specific embodiment
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the system, and Fig. 2 is the floor map of the system.Below by specific embodiment pair The present invention is specifically described, it is pointed out here that following embodiment is served only for, invention is further explained, should not be understood as The person skilled in the art of limiting the scope of the invention, this field can make one to the present invention according to foregoing invention content A little nonessential modifications and adaptations.
The building of 1 zero-emission Fish-shrimp mix-culture system of embodiment
(1) zero-emission Fish-shrimp mix-culture system can build up semi-underground type or ground type structure.
(2) it is connected between Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) and multi-functional sedimentation basin (22) by communicating pipe (23), communicating pipe (23) One end connects sludge pipe (2), and the other end connects water inlet pipe (13), and the bed mud in sludge pipe (2) flow to water inlet pipe by differential water pressures (13), solenoid valve (8) is mounted on communicating pipe (23), and by the opening and closing frequency of PLC control system regulation solenoid valve (8).
(3) length 10-15 meters of Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21), 2.0-4.0 meters of width, 2.0 meters deep, bottom is zigzag distribution Mud-collecting well (7), 45 ° of mud-collecting well I (7) inclination angle are located at Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) bottom, along Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) length direction point Cloth, each mud-collecting well I (7) depth 300mm;Sludge pipe (2) elevation of top is identical as mud-collecting well I (7) elevation of bottom, and 5mm is opened at top Gap, and be connected to by top gap with mud-collecting well I (7) bottom;Multiple-Aperture Device (1) inclination angle installed in Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) It 30 °, is piled up by porous brick, 1.0 meters of height, length and Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) are of same size, and it is spaced 2.0 meters and lays 1, The prawn growth that is installed as of Multiple-Aperture Device (1) provides and inhabites and protect place, reduces the autotomy rate during prawn shell.
(4) Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) bottom is laid with support frame (5), is laid with filter (6) on support frame (5), filter (6) is by hole The stainless (steel) wire of diameter 20mm is constituted, and the breeding spaces on filter (6) top are to cultivate Penaeus Vannmei, the collection of filter (6) bottom Mud well I (7) is to cultivate predacious fish (Tilapia mossambica or snakeheaded fish).
(5) catch basin (9), sedimentation basin I (12), sedimentation basin II (15), sedimentation basin III (20), water inlet pipe (13) are concentric circles Structure, water inlet pipe (13), sedimentation basin I (12), sedimentation basin II (15), sedimentation basin III (20) elevation of top successively reduce 0.3- 0.5 meter, catch basin (9) is identical with the elevation of top of sedimentation basin III (20);Sedimentation basin I (12) is 2.0 meters deep, water inlet pipe (13) bottom Absolute altitude is higher than 0.3 meter of sedimentation basin I (12) elevation of bottom;Mud-collecting well I (7) inclination angle is 45 °, elevation of top and sedimentation basin I (12) bottom Portion's absolute altitude is identical;Sedimentation basin II (15), the elevation of bottom of sedimentation basin III (20) are identical as the elevation of bottom of mud-collecting well I (7).
(6) sedimentation basin II (15) bottom setting precipitation inclined plate II (19), precipitation inclined plate II (19) inclination angle are 45 °, and precipitating is oblique The inclined plate spacing of plate II (19) is 0.1-0.4 meters, and the inclined plate of precipitation inclined plate II (19) bottommost and sedimentation basin II (15) bottom It is connected.
(7) filter packing is set in sedimentation basin III (20), and filter packing is the gravel of partial size 10-20mm;Sedimentation basin II (15) composite filling (11) are hung in, plant purifying plant (10) at the top of sedimentation basin III (20) and catch basin (9), purifying plant It (10) is water spinach, water caltrop and cordate houttuynia etc..
(8) to bury sludge pipe (18) respectively convenient for spoil disposal, mud-collecting well I (7) and mud-collecting well II (17) bottom, sludge pipe (18) it is made of the pipe of DN100mm.
(9) it is the purification of water quality ability of further safeguards system, the addition sustained release carbon in Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) can be passed through It is 100:5:1 that the high carbonizable substance such as source (rice husk, bamboo scraps, sawdust etc.)/brown sugar/honey, which keeps the carbon N:P ratio of water body, and building is steady Fixed biological flocculation microecosystem improves residual bait, the decomposition utilization efficiency of excrement and system to ammonia nitrogen, nitrite nitrogen Detergent power.
(10) water outlet of multi-functional sedimentation basin (22) can blowback Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) again, realize the circulation of breeding wastewater It uses, the bed mud that multi-functional sedimentation basin (22) generates agricultural can be handled.
(11) multi-functional sedimentation basin (22) can be vented by sludge pipe (18), and filtering is filled out in automatic progress sedimentation basin III (20) The backwash of material.

Claims (3)

1. zero-emission Fish-shrimp mix-culture system, it is characterised in that: the system is by Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) and multi-functional sedimentation basin (22) it forms, is connected between Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) and multi-functional sedimentation basin (22) by communicating pipe (23), on communicating pipe (23) It installs solenoid valve (8);Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) by Multiple-Aperture Device (1), sludge pipe (2), nanometer aeration pipe (3), bait table (4), Support frame (5), filter (6) and bottom are mud-collecting well I (7) composition of zigzag distribution;Multi-functional sedimentation basin (22) is by catch basin (9), purifying plant (10), composite filling (11), sedimentation basin I (12), water inlet pipe (13), precipitation inclined plate I (14), sedimentation basin II (15), outlet pipe (16), mud-collecting well II (17), sludge pipe (18), precipitation inclined plate II (19), sedimentation basin III (20) composition;Precipitating Inclined plate I (14) is in sedimentation basin I (12);
30 ° of Multiple-Aperture Device (1) inclination angle, is piled up by porous brick, 1.0 meters of height, and length and Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) are wide Spend it is identical, be spaced 2.0 meters lay 1;45 ° of mud-collecting well I (7) inclination angle is located at Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) bottom, along Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) length direction is distributed, each mud-collecting well I (7) depth 300mm;Sludge pipe (2) elevation of top and mud-collecting well I (7) elevation of bottom Identical, the gap 5mm is opened at top, and is connected to by top gap with mud-collecting well I (7) bottom;
The catch basin (9), sedimentation basin I (12), sedimentation basin II (15), sedimentation basin III (20), water inlet pipe (13) are concentric circles knot Structure, water inlet pipe (13), sedimentation basin I (12), sedimentation basin II (15), sedimentation basin III (20) elevation of top successively reduce 0.3-0.5 Rice, catch basin (9) are identical with the elevation of top of sedimentation basin III (20);Sedimentation basin I (12) is 2.0 meters deep, water inlet pipe (13) bottom mark Height is higher than 0.3 meter of sedimentation basin I (12) elevation of bottom;
Precipitation inclined plate II (19) are arranged in sedimentation basin II (15) bottom, and precipitation inclined plate II (19) inclination angle is 45 °, precipitation inclined plate II (19) Inclined plate spacing be 0.1-0.4 meters, and the inclined plate of precipitation inclined plate II (19) bottommost is connected with sedimentation basin II (15) bottom.
2. zero-emission Fish-shrimp mix-culture system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) bottom is laid with Support frame (5) is laid with filter (6) on support frame (5), and filter (6) is made of the stainless (steel) wire of aperture 20mm, filter (6) top Breeding spaces to cultivate Penaeus Vannmei, the mud-collecting well I (7) of filter (6) bottom is to cultivate predacious fish.
3. zero-emission Fish-shrimp mix-culture system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: setting filtering in sedimentation basin III (20) Filler, filter packing are the gravel of partial size 10-20mm;Composite filling (11) are hung in sedimentation basin II (15), sedimentation basin III (20) Purifying plant (10) are planted at the top of catch basin (9).
CN201610122971.2A 2016-03-04 2016-03-04 Zero-emission Fish-shrimp mix-culture system Expired - Fee Related CN105638543B8 (en)

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CN108200882A (en) * 2018-03-30 2018-06-26 湖北水之翼科技有限公司 The dirt collection drainage of circulating water cultivation in a kind of pond
CN113412811B (en) * 2021-07-31 2022-10-04 南京市水产科学研究所 Fish and shrimp polyculture pond and fish and shrimp polyculture method

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Inventor after: Wang Shumin

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