CN205455394U - Zero release fishes and shrimps system of raising together with - Google Patents

Zero release fishes and shrimps system of raising together with Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205455394U
CN205455394U CN201620165985.8U CN201620165985U CN205455394U CN 205455394 U CN205455394 U CN 205455394U CN 201620165985 U CN201620165985 U CN 201620165985U CN 205455394 U CN205455394 U CN 205455394U
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China
Prior art keywords
sedimentation tank
fish
mud
elevation
culture
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201620165985.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
于芳
于慧
王书敏
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Chongqing Dazu Longshui Hardware Tool Group Co ltd
Chongqing University of Arts and Sciences
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Chongqing Dazu Longshui Hardware Tool Group Co ltd
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Publication of CN205455394U publication Critical patent/CN205455394U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a zero release fishes and shrimps system of raising together with, this system raise together with pond (21) by fishes and shrimps and multi -functional sedimentation tank (22) are formed, fishes and shrimps raise together with pond (21) by porous device (1), sludge pipe (2), nanometer aeration pipe (3), bait platform (4), support frame (5), separate net (6) and collect mud well I (7) and constitute, multi -functional sedimentation tank (22) by water catch bowl (9), desalinization plant (10), combined packing (11), sedimentation tank I (12), inlet tube (13), deposit swash plate I (14), sedimentation tank II (15), outlet pipe (16), collection mud well II (17), mud pipe (18), deposit swash plate II (19), sedimentation tank III (20) is constituteed. Provided is a main advantages as follows: (1 )Realize the high -density breeding of south america white shrimp, be favorable to aquaculture management, (2 )The quality of water detergent power is strong, and discharge rate is low, (3 )Raising together with with the pond of south america white shrimp and predacious fish has been realized.

Description

A kind of zero-emission Fish-shrimp mix-culture system
Technical field
Patent of the present invention belongs to aquaculture and water environment protection technical field, is specifically related to Penaeus vannamei industrial circulating water cultivating, is particularly suited for the high density recirculated water industrialized culture of hinterland Penaeus vannamei.
Background technology
Penaeus vannamei delicious meat, processes meat high, and suitable temperature range is wide, can grow 18-32 DEG C of growth, be a kind of excellent desalination cultivation kind under the conditions of salinity 1-40 ‰.Penaeus vannamei growth is fast, and resistance against diseases is strong, has been increasingly becoming the main cultivation shrimp species of China.
But, along with expansion and the raising of cultivation density of culture of Penaeus vannamei scale, the problem such as environmental pollution and economic constraints is day by day serious, strongly limit the development of culture fishery.Particularly during intensive aquaculture, a large amount of residual bait feces are discharged in breeding water body, make the noxious substances such as ammonia nitrogen accumulate rapidly, cause cultivation water to deteriorate, and produce potential environmental pollution.In a very long time, the most efficient method solving water quality deterioration is to carry out draining in time to change water, but, the water consumption of the most small-sized or medium-sized aquaculture system every day just reaches hundreds of side, Penaeus vannamei often grows 1kg, at least needs the quantity of exchanged water of 20 t.Therefore; breeding water body pollutant are eliminated by circulating water culture system based on difference biological treatment pattern; development high density industrialized culture, accomplishes that economic benefit and environmental conservation Tong Bu develop simultaneously, it has also become the technical problem that culture of Penaeus vannamei is in the urgent need to address.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to the product blowdown feature in the habit of Penaeus vannamei, and Penaeus vannamei production process, propose a kind of zero-emission Fish-shrimp mix-culture system.This cultivating system passes through ecology Technology design, effectively reduces Penaeus vannamei autotomy rate, has ensured the economic benefit of Penaeus vannamei batch production high-density breeding, and management is simple, it is achieved that breeding wastewater zero-emission.
The technical scheme of patent of the present invention is as follows:
A kind of zero-emission Fish-shrimp mix-culture system, it is characterized in that: described system is made up of Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) and multi-functional sedimentation tank (22), connected by communicating pipe (23) between Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) and multi-functional sedimentation tank (22), communicating pipe (23) installs electromagnetic valve (8);Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) is made up of Multiple-Aperture Device (1), sludge pipe (2), nanometer aeration pipe (3), bait table (4), bracing frame (5), filter (6) and mud-collecting well I (7);Multi-functional sedimentation tank (22) is made up of water leg (9), purifying plant (10), combined stuffing (11), sedimentation tank I (12), water inlet pipe (13), precipitation inclined plate I (14), sedimentation tank II (15), outlet pipe (16), mud-collecting well II (17), discharge pipeline (18), precipitation inclined plate II (19), sedimentation tank III (20).
A kind of zero-emission Fish-shrimp mix-culture system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: 30 ° of Multiple-Aperture Device (1) inclination angle, porous brick pile up and form, highly 1.0 meters, length is identical with Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) width, is spaced 2.0 meters and lays 1;45 ° of mud-collecting well I (7) inclination angle, is positioned at bottom, Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21), is distributed along Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) length direction, each deep 300mm of mud-collecting well I (7);Sludge pipe (2) elevation of top is identical with mud-collecting well I (7) elevation of bottom, and 5mm gap is opened at top, and is connected with mud-collecting well I (7) bottom by gap, top.
A kind of zero-emission Fish-shrimp mix-culture system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: bracing frame (5) is laid in Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) bottom, filter (6) is laid on bracing frame (5), filter (6) is made up of the stainless (steel) wire of aperture 20mm, the breeding spaces on filter (6) top is in order to cultivate Penaeus vannamei, and the mud-collecting well I (7) of filter (6) bottom is in order to cultivate predacious fish (tilapia or mullet).
A kind of zero-emission Fish-shrimp mix-culture system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: water leg (9), sedimentation tank I (12), sedimentation tank II (15), sedimentation tank III (20), water inlet pipe (13) are concentric structure, water inlet pipe (13), sedimentation tank I (12), sedimentation tank II (15), the elevation of top of sedimentation tank III (20) reduce 0.3-0.5 rice successively, and water leg (9) is identical with the elevation of top of sedimentation tank III (20);Deep 2.0 meters of sedimentation tank I (12), water inlet pipe (13) elevation of bottom is higher than sedimentation tank I (12) elevation of bottom 0.3 meter;Mud-collecting well I (7) inclination angle is 45 °, and elevation of top is identical with sedimentation tank I (12) elevation of bottom;Sedimentation tank II (15), sedimentation tank III (20) elevation of bottom identical with the elevation of bottom of mud-collecting well I (7).
A kind of zero-emission Fish-shrimp mix-culture system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: sedimentation tank II (15) bottom arranges precipitation inclined plate II (19), precipitation inclined plate II (19) inclination angle is 45 °, the swash plate spacing of precipitation inclined plate II (19) is 0.1-0.4 rice, and the swash plate of precipitation inclined plate II (19) bottommost is connected with sedimentation tank II (15) bottom.
A kind of zero-emission Fish-shrimp mix-culture system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: arranging filter packing in sedimentation tank III (20), filter packing is the gravel of particle diameter 10-20mm;Combined stuffing (11), sedimentation tank III (20) and water leg (9) top plantation purifying plant (10) is hung in sedimentation tank II (15).
Burying discharge pipeline (18) respectively underground for ease of spoil disposal, mud-collecting well I (7) and mud-collecting well II (17) bottom, discharge pipeline (18) is made up of the pipe of DN100mm.
The major advantage of patent of the present invention is as follows: (1), achieve the high-density breeding of Penaeus vannamei, beneficially aquaculture management;(2), purification of water quality ability strong, discharge rate is low;(3), the same pond that achieves Penaeus vannamei and predacious fish raise together with, improve bait utilization and culture benefit.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of this system, and Fig. 2 is the floor map of this system, in figure:
1-Multiple-Aperture Device;2-sludge pipe;3-nanometer aeration pipe;4-bait table;5-bracing frame;6-filter;7-mud-collecting well I;8-electromagnetic valve;9-water leg;10-purifying plant;11-combined stuffing;12-sedimentation tank I;13-water inlet pipe;14-precipitation inclined plate I;15-sedimentation tank II;16-outlet pipe;17-mud-collecting well II;18-discharge pipeline;19-precipitation inclined plate II;20-sedimentation tank III;21-Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond;The multi-functional sedimentation tank of 22-;23-communicating pipe.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of this system, and Fig. 2 is the floor map of this system.Below by specific embodiment, the present invention is specifically described; it is pointed out here that following example are served only for being further described the present invention; it is not intended that limiting the scope of the invention, the present invention can be made some nonessential improvement and adjustment according to foregoing invention content by the person skilled in the art of this area.
The structure of 1 one kinds of zero-emission Fish-shrimp mix-culture systems of embodiment
(1) a kind of zero-emission Fish-shrimp mix-culture system can build up semi-underground type or ground type structure.
(2) connected by communicating pipe (23) between Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) and multi-functional sedimentation tank (22), communicating pipe (23) one end connects sludge pipe (2), the other end connects water inlet pipe (13), bed mud in sludge pipe (2) flow to water inlet pipe (13) by differential water pressures, electromagnetic valve (8) was arranged on communicating pipe (23), and was regulated and controled the keying frequency of electromagnetic valve (8) by PLC control system.
(3) Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) length 10-15 rice, width 2.0-4.0 rice, deep 2.0 meters, bottom is the mud-collecting well (7) of zigzag distribution, 45 ° of mud-collecting well I (7) inclination angle, it is positioned at bottom, Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21), is distributed along Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) length direction, each deep 300mm of mud-collecting well I (7);Sludge pipe (2) elevation of top is identical with mud-collecting well I (7) elevation of bottom, and 5mm gap is opened at top, and is connected with mud-collecting well I (7) bottom by gap, top;30 ° of Multiple-Aperture Device (1) inclination angle installed in Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21), piled up by porous brick and form, highly 1.0 meters, length is identical with Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) width, it is spaced 2.0 meters and lays 1, the prawn growth that is installed as of Multiple-Aperture Device (1) provides and perches and protect place, reduces the autotomy rate during prawn shell.
(4) bracing frame (5) is laid in Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) bottom, filter (6) is laid on bracing frame (5), filter (6) is made up of the stainless (steel) wire of aperture 20mm, the breeding spaces on filter (6) top is in order to cultivate Penaeus vannamei, and the mud-collecting well I (7) of filter (6) bottom is in order to cultivate predacious fish (tilapia or mullet).
(5) water leg (9), sedimentation tank I (12), sedimentation tank II (15), sedimentation tank III (20), water inlet pipe (13) are concentric structure, water inlet pipe (13), sedimentation tank I (12), sedimentation tank II (15), the elevation of top of sedimentation tank III (20) reduce 0.3-0.5 rice successively, and water leg (9) is identical with the elevation of top of sedimentation tank III (20);Deep 2.0 meters of sedimentation tank I (12), water inlet pipe (13) elevation of bottom is higher than sedimentation tank I (12) elevation of bottom 0.3 meter;Mud-collecting well I (7) inclination angle is 45 °, and elevation of top is identical with sedimentation tank I (12) elevation of bottom;Sedimentation tank II (15), sedimentation tank III (20) elevation of bottom identical with the elevation of bottom of mud-collecting well I (7).
(6) sedimentation tank II (15) bottom arranges precipitation inclined plate II (19), precipitation inclined plate II (19) inclination angle is 45 °, the swash plate spacing of precipitation inclined plate II (19) is 0.1-0.4 rice, and the swash plate of precipitation inclined plate II (19) bottommost is connected with sedimentation tank II (15) bottom.
(7) arranging filter packing in sedimentation tank III (20), filter packing is the gravel of particle diameter 10-20mm;Hanging combined stuffing (11), sedimentation tank III (20) and water leg (9) top plantation purifying plant (10) in sedimentation tank II (15), purifying plant (10) is water spinach, water caltrop and Herba Houttuyniae etc..
(8) for ease of spoil disposal, mud-collecting well I (7) and mud-collecting well II (17) bottom bury discharge pipeline (18) respectively underground, and discharge pipeline (18) is made up of the pipe of DN100mm.
(9) it is the purification of water quality ability of further safeguards system, the carbon N∶P ratio that can keep water body by adding slow release carbon source (rice husk, bamboo bits, wood flour etc. the)/contour carbonizable substance of brown sugar/Mel in Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) is 100:5:1, build stable biological flocculation microecosystem, improve the decomposition utilization ratio of residual bait, feces, and system is to ammonia nitrogen, the detergent power of nitrite nitrogen.
(10) water outlet of multi-functional sedimentation tank (22) can blowback Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) again, it is achieved the recycling of breeding wastewater, the bed mud that multi-functional sedimentation tank (22) produces can agricultural process.
(11) multi-functional sedimentation tank (22) can pass through discharge pipeline (18) emptying, automatically carries out the backwash of sedimentation tank III (20) inner filtration filler.

Claims (6)

1. a zero-emission Fish-shrimp mix-culture system, it is characterized in that: described system is made up of Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) and multi-functional sedimentation tank (22), connected by communicating pipe (23) between Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) and multi-functional sedimentation tank (22), communicating pipe (23) installs electromagnetic valve (8);Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) is made up of Multiple-Aperture Device (1), sludge pipe (2), nanometer aeration pipe (3), bait table (4), bracing frame (5), filter (6) and mud-collecting well I (7);Multi-functional sedimentation tank (22) is made up of water leg (9), purifying plant (10), combined stuffing (11), sedimentation tank I (12), water inlet pipe (13), precipitation inclined plate I (14), sedimentation tank II (15), outlet pipe (16), mud-collecting well II (17), discharge pipeline (18), precipitation inclined plate II (19), sedimentation tank III (20).
A kind of zero-emission Fish-shrimp mix-culture system the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: 30 ° of Multiple-Aperture Device (1) inclination angle, porous brick pile up and form, highly 1.0 meters, length is identical with Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) width, is spaced 2.0 meters and lays 1;45 ° of mud-collecting well I (7) inclination angle, is positioned at bottom, Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21), is distributed along Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) length direction, each deep 300mm of mud-collecting well I (7);Sludge pipe (2) elevation of top is identical with mud-collecting well I (7) elevation of bottom, and 5mm gap is opened at top, and is connected with mud-collecting well I (7) bottom by gap, top.
A kind of zero-emission Fish-shrimp mix-culture system the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: bracing frame (5) is laid in Fish-shrimp mix-culture pond (21) bottom, filter (6) is laid on bracing frame (5), filter (6) is made up of the stainless (steel) wire of aperture 20mm, the breeding spaces on filter (6) top is in order to cultivate Penaeus vannamei, and the mud-collecting well I (7) of filter (6) bottom is in order to cultivate predacious fish (tilapia or mullet).
A kind of zero-emission Fish-shrimp mix-culture system the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: water leg (9), sedimentation tank I (12), sedimentation tank II (15), sedimentation tank III (20), water inlet pipe (13) are concentric structure, water inlet pipe (13), sedimentation tank I (12), sedimentation tank II (15), the elevation of top of sedimentation tank III (20) reduce 0.3-0.5 rice successively, and water leg (9) is identical with the elevation of top of sedimentation tank III (20);Deep 2.0 meters of sedimentation tank I (12), water inlet pipe (13) elevation of bottom is higher than sedimentation tank I (12) elevation of bottom 0.3 meter;Mud-collecting well I (7) inclination angle is 45 °, and elevation of top is identical with sedimentation tank I (12) elevation of bottom;Sedimentation tank II (15), sedimentation tank III (20) elevation of bottom identical with the elevation of bottom of mud-collecting well I (7).
A kind of zero-emission Fish-shrimp mix-culture system the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: sedimentation tank II (15) bottom arranges precipitation inclined plate II (19), precipitation inclined plate II (19) inclination angle is 45 °, the swash plate spacing of precipitation inclined plate II (19) is 0.1-0.4 rice, and the swash plate of precipitation inclined plate II (19) bottommost is connected with sedimentation tank II (15) bottom.
A kind of zero-emission Fish-shrimp mix-culture system the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: arranging filter packing in sedimentation tank III (20), filter packing is the gravel of particle diameter 10-20mm;Combined stuffing (11), sedimentation tank III (20) and water leg (9) top plantation purifying plant (10) is hung in sedimentation tank II (15).
CN201620165985.8U 2016-03-04 2016-03-04 Zero release fishes and shrimps system of raising together with Expired - Fee Related CN205455394U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107691294A (en) * 2017-09-13 2018-02-16 寿县绿园特种水产生态养殖加工有限责任公司 A kind of mixed cultivation method of high-quality fish shrimp crab
CN107787903A (en) * 2017-09-22 2018-03-13 崇左市岜陇品农业有限公司 Fishes and shrimps vegetables rice circulates breeding method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107691294A (en) * 2017-09-13 2018-02-16 寿县绿园特种水产生态养殖加工有限责任公司 A kind of mixed cultivation method of high-quality fish shrimp crab
CN107787903A (en) * 2017-09-22 2018-03-13 崇左市岜陇品农业有限公司 Fishes and shrimps vegetables rice circulates breeding method

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Granted publication date: 20160817

Termination date: 20170304