CN105576453A - Intelligent safe patch board and control method thereof - Google Patents

Intelligent safe patch board and control method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105576453A
CN105576453A CN201510761998.1A CN201510761998A CN105576453A CN 105576453 A CN105576453 A CN 105576453A CN 201510761998 A CN201510761998 A CN 201510761998A CN 105576453 A CN105576453 A CN 105576453A
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described
electrical equipment
module
power consumption
power supply
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CN201510761998.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105576453B (en
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黄锐锋
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黄锐锋
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Publication of CN105576453B publication Critical patent/CN105576453B/en

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/66Structural association with built-in electrical component
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01RMEASURING ELECTRIC VARIABLES; MEASURING MAGNETIC VARIABLES
    • G01R31/00Arrangements for testing electric properties; Arrangements for locating electric faults; Arrangements for electrical testing characterised by what is being tested not provided for elsewhere

Abstract

The invention discloses an intelligent safe patch board and a control method thereof. The patch board is provided with a core chip, an electric appliance identity identification module, an electric appliance work state monitoring module, a power supply execution module and a communication module. The electric appliance identity identification module is used for carrying out identity identification on an electric appliance before supplying power to the electric appliance device normally, and is used for generating at least one voltage waveform lower than a power supply voltage and carrying out electric appliance identity identification according to response current characteristics of the electric appliance under the voltage waveform, wherein the current characteristics are time domain features and/or frequency domain features of response current; and the communication module is communicated with an upper computer, wherein the upper computer is used for calculation processing. According to the intelligent safe patch board and the control method thereof, through the identification and judgment of the electric appliance identity identification module, the identity of the electric appliance can be identified before supplying power to the electric appliance device normally under the condition of not carrying out any modification on the existing electric appliance device.

Description

A kind of intelligent and safe wiring board and control method thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of safe wiring board devices and methods therefor, particularly relate to a kind of intelligent and safe wiring board and the control method thereof with electrical equipment identity recognition function.

Background technology

Current intelligent and safe wiring board or socket mainly contain circuit protection type, drone version and these three kinds of technology of metering type.These technology be all provide indistinction to treat to all power consumption equipments protection, monitoring or controlling functions, the protection being difficult to realize to make to measure power consumption equipment, monitoring or control program, thus also cannot reach the application requirement of intelligent domestic system completely.Realize that protection is made to measure to power consumption equipment, to monitor or the prerequisite of control program to realize electrical equipment identification.

Electrical equipment identification has purposes very widely, and also existing people designs various electrical equipment personal identification method.But most recognition methods is all based on and identifies to the electric characteristic that electrical equipment normal power supply is later.As a kind of electrical equipment personal identification method of No. 201110101398.4 Invention Announces.The core of the method is in the current draw current flow characteristic ginseng value from home dwelling electric wire house lead in end, and the matching result according to current characteristic parameter value carries out electrical equipment identification.The operating current feature being passive extraction electrical equipment due to this invention identifies, thus can only identify the electrical equipment used.

And for example a kind of personal identification method of No. 201310033928.5 Invention Announces.First the method needs detecting whether at least one electrical nature event occurs.When there is electrical nature event, calculate the system impedance of electrical nature event; Afterwards, according to system impedance, electrical nature database and the identification of line resistance database cause the unknown electrical installation of electrical nature event.

For another example a kind of personal identification method of No. 201410252610.0 Invention Announces.The method forms power consumption curve by the power consumption condition of Real-Time Monitoring electrical equipment, and contrasts the power consumption curve in power consumption of electrical appliances curve library, thus judges the kind of this electrical equipment.These methods all can only identify the electrical equipment used above, and can not identify electrical equipment identity before giving electrical equipment normal power supply.

Some recognition methods can carry out electrical equipment identification before giving electrical equipment normal power supply, but all needed to carry out special transformation to electrical equipment and/or appliance plug, belonged to the electrical appliance recognition of intrusive mood.

As a kind of electrical equipment personal identification method that No. 201120185856.2 utility model patents are announced, this method requires on each electric equipment, be provided with an exclusive ID identification radiating circuit, each power source patch board is provided with one ID identify receiver be used for receive electric equipment ID identify transmit, obtain ID identification code.

The and for example electrical source socket of a kind of identifiable design appliance type of No. 201210220904.6 Invention Announces, this matching requirements arranges at least one perforate on the plug metal inserted sheet be connected with electrical equipment, socket is provided with for detecting the checkout gear whether metal insert with perforate.

The above-mentioned solution of prior art all cannot realize the electrical equipment identification do not carried out power consumption equipment in transformation situation, and therefore, implementation is comparatively complicated, and is difficult to practical application, and thus, prior art needs to improve.

Summary of the invention

Based on above problem; patent object of the present invention is to design a kind of intelligent and safe wiring board system and control method thereof with non-intrusion type electrical equipment identity recognition function; can to identify electrical equipment identity before electrical equipment normal power supply and without the need to carrying out any transformation to existing electric equipment giving; intelligent decision whether can should give institute's circuit closer normal power supply, and realize can arranging different protections, monitor and forecast scheme to different power consumption equipment.

The present invention is solved the problems of the technologies described above by following technical proposals:

A kind of intelligent and safe wiring board, is provided with at least one socket, wherein: described wiring board is also provided with core chip, electrical equipment identification module, electrical work state monitoring module, power supply Executive Module and communication module; Described electrical equipment identification module is used for identifying electrical equipment identity before to power consumption equipment normal power supply; Described electrical equipment identification module is for generation of at least one voltage waveform lower than supply power voltage, and carrying out electrical equipment identification according to the response current feature of electrical equipment under described voltage waveform, described current characteristic is temporal signatures and/or the frequency domain character of response current; Described communication module is used for carrying out communication with host computer, and described host computer is used for computing; Described power supply Executive Module is electrically connected with external power source, and described communication module is connected with upper machine communication, and described socket is used for being electrically connected with power consumption equipment; Described core chip is for controlling described power supply Executive Module, electrical equipment identification module, electrical work state monitoring module and communication module.

Described intelligent and safe wiring board, wherein: described electrical work state monitoring module is for monitoring power consumption equipment power consumption, and described host computer and/or described core chip are used for adding up the power consumption equipment power consumption of any one socket being connected to described wiring board.

A control method for described intelligent and safe wiring board, wherein, comprises the following steps:

Described electrical equipment identification module identified electrical equipment identity before power consumption equipment normal power supply: described electrical equipment identification module produces at least one voltage waveform lower than supply power voltage, and carrying out electrical equipment identification according to the response current feature of electrical equipment under described voltage waveform, described current characteristic is temporal signatures and/or the frequency domain character of response current.

Described control method, wherein, described electrical work state monitoring module is also added up the power consumption of power consumption equipment.

Described control method, wherein, described electrical work state monitoring module also monitors current characteristic during power consumption equipment work, user can set by host computer the current characteristic threshold value that electrical equipment is in holding state or abnormality, according to current characteristic, described electrical work state monitoring module judges whether electrical equipment is in normal operating conditions or holding state or abnormality.

Arbitrary described control method, wherein: be provided with in described core chip or host computer and allow list of appliances and/or forbid list of appliances; When described electrical equipment identification module judges that the electrical equipment connected is when allowing list of appliances, described power supply Executive Module is powered to power consumption equipment; When electrical equipment identification module judges that the electrical equipment connected is not in permission list of appliances or when forbidding in list of appliances, described power supply Executive Module does not give electric power supply.

A kind of intelligent and safe wiring board provided by the present invention and control method thereof; owing to have employed identification and the judgement of electrical equipment identification module; realize identifying electrical equipment identity to before electrical equipment normal power supply under the condition without the need to carrying out any transformation to existing electric equipment; and realize can arranging different protections, monitor and forecast scheme to different power consumption equipment; and change without the need to doing technology to power consumption equipment, implement convenient and simple.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Referring to accompanying drawing, embodiments of the present invention is further illustrated, wherein:

Fig. 1 is the structure chart with the intelligent and safe wiring board embodiment of electrical equipment identity recognition function with a socket in present pre-ferred embodiments.

Fig. 2 is the structure chart with the intelligent and safe wiring board embodiment of electrical equipment identity recognition function with two sockets in present pre-ferred embodiments.

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of electrical equipment identification module embodiment in the present invention.

Fig. 4 is that in the present invention, electrical equipment identification module and power supply Executive Module unite two into one the structural representation of embodiment.

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of electrical work state monitoring module embodiment in the present invention.

Fig. 6 is electrical work state monitoring module monitoring result schematic diagram of the present invention.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is described in further detail.

For making object of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearly understand, below will be described in further detail the present invention by specific embodiment and relevant drawings.

Intelligent and safe wiring board of the present invention, as shown in Figure 1, it comprises core chip 110, electrical equipment identification module 120, electrical work state monitoring module 130, power supply Executive Module 140, communication module 150 and at least one socket 160.In existing techniques in realizing, core chip and communication module are well known to those of ordinary skill in the art, and the realization of electrical equipment identification module, electrical work state monitoring module and power supply Executive Module specify that its practical function in the description of the present invention.

As shown in Figure 1, described power supply Executive Module 140 is electrically connected with external power source 210, and described communication module 150 is connected with host computer 220 communication, and described socket 160 is for being electrically connected with power consumption equipment 230 by supplying to be electrically connected.Described core chip 110 controls described power supply Executive Module 140, electrical equipment identification module 120, electrical monitoring module 130 and communication module 150.In present pre-ferred embodiments, described power supply Executive Module 140 is solid-state relay.

The feature of described electrical equipment identification module 120 is, give electrical equipment formally power before can identify electrical equipment identity: described electrical equipment identification module 120 can produce at least one low-voltage waveform and output to socket 160, and final after power consumption equipment fed-back current signals.Described electrical equipment identification module 120 detects the feature of the response current under the excitation of described voltage waveform, carries out mating contrasting thus carrying out electrical equipment identification with the feature list of known electrical equipment.The recognition result of electrical equipment identity is reported to host computer by communication module.

In present pre-ferred embodiments, the sinusoidal voltage waveform of described electrical equipment identification module 120 first produces an amplitude to be 1 volt of frequency be 50Hz also detects the feature of response current, and the feature of described response current is amplitude and the phase place of response current; In present pre-ferred embodiments, this response current is first less than 0.1 peace with amplitude and sends to guarantee do not have short circuit to occur, described electrical equipment identification module 120 produces three amplitudes again and is 24 volts of frequencies and is respectively 50Hz, the sinusoidal voltage waveform of 1kHz and 10kHz, the duration of each waveform is 0.2 second, and detect corresponding response current feature, mate with the feature list of known electrical equipment; When the feature of whole response current is mated completely with whole features of a certain known electrical equipment, the identity of communication module report electrical equipment is to host computer; Otherwise communication module report host computer has unknown electrical equipment to connect, and records the feature of the whole response current of this electrical equipment by described core chip.

Electrical monitoring module 130 for monitoring electrical work state is used for monitoring the power consumption of corresponding this socket electrical appliance.Described host computer 220 and/or core chip 110 can be added up the power consumption of each electrical appliance and power consumption equipment 230 of being successively connected to any one socket of wiring board.

In another embodiment of the invention, described core chip 110 is transferred to host computer by communication module 150 the current power amount of identified electrical equipment identity and this electrical equipment and power consumption equipment 230, is added up by host computer.Described host computer can be computer, smart mobile phone or panel computer, because host computer has the disposal ability stronger than core chip, therefore, can carry out more more complicated processing capacities.In present pre-ferred embodiments, host computer adds up the power consumption per hour of different power consumption equipment according to the identity of power consumption equipment, every daily power consumption, power consumption and monthly power consumption weekly, and be shown to user in the mode of curve chart, wherein the transverse axis of curve chart is the time, and the longitudinal axis is power consumption.User can select the unit of transverse axis for hour day or week or the moon, user can specify maximum and the minimum value of transverse axis.In same curve chart, user can select the statistics simultaneously showing multiple power consumption equipment, and the statistical result showed of different power consumption equipment is the curve of different colours, shown in Fig. 6.

In intelligent and safe wiring board of the present invention and control method, the monitoring result of described electrical appliance state is reported to host computer by described communication module 150, to record running and to be undertaken adding up and strategy and function treatment etc. by described host computer 220.

In the control method of intelligent and safe wiring board of the present invention, user can pre-set the list of appliances allowing power consumption equipment and/or the list of appliances of forbidding by host computer 220.When described host computer 220 judges electrical equipment identification result, find that the electrical equipment connected is when allowing in list of appliances, power supply Executive Module 140 gives the electric power supply of power consumption equipment.When electrical equipment identification result is found connected electrical equipment not in permission list of appliances or when forbidding in list of appliances, described power supply Executive Module 140 does not give electric power supply.User can pre-set the electrical equipment of current connection to add by host computer and allow list of appliances or forbid list of appliances.

In present pre-ferred embodiments, described permission list of appliances and describedly forbid that list of appliances can be kept in described core chip 110, described host computer 220 can read and write respective list by described communication module 150, thus the amendment realized respective list and reading.In present pre-ferred embodiments, the feature of the response current under allow the list of appliances of power consumption equipment and the list of appliances of forbidding to comprise voltage waveform excitation that the title of electrical equipment and described electrical equipment identification module 120 detect.

In the control method of intelligent and safe wiring board of the present invention, described user can utilize host computer 220 to pre-set control model and control strategy, to be powered the power supply of Executive Module 140 or power-off by described communication module 150 Long-distance Control.This be, user can also presetting by host computer 220, the threshold value of setting current characteristic exception, monitors when current characteristic is abnormal exceedes respective threshold in described electrical monitoring module 130 thus and adopts corresponding processing policy, such as, to the power operation of power consumption equipment.Meanwhile, user is also by pre-setting described host computer 220, and priority power supply order and/or power down sequence etc. between each electrical equipment of setting power consumption equipment, thus the Based Intelligent Control of realization to each power consumption equipment, this is particularly important in the control of Smart Home.

The control method of intelligent and safe wiring board of the present invention, user sets master slave relation between the electrical equipment of each power consumption equipment by described host computer 220, thus is set by host computer 220 and automatically follow the active standby state of main electrical equipment or corresponding power supply, off-position from the confession off-position of electrical equipment.

The control method of intelligent and safe wiring board of the present invention as shown in Figure 1, dashed rectangle is wherein illustrate with the intelligent and safe wiring board embodiment of a socket.Dashed rectangle in shown in Fig. 2 is the intelligent and safe wiring board embodiment schematic diagram with two sockets.Intelligent and safe wiring board of the present invention can arrange more socket and corresponding intelligent control circuit, its basic circuit comprises core chip, electrical equipment identification module, electrical work state monitoring module, power supply Executive Module, communication module and at least one socket, its mutual annexation as depicted in figs. 1 and 2.

The feature of described electrical equipment identification module is, can identify before formally powering to electrical equipment to electrical equipment identity.Described electrical equipment identification module can produce at least one voltage waveform (such as sinusoidal wave, square wave, triangular wave or sawtooth waveforms etc.) and output to socket.Electrical equipment identification module detects the feature of response current under the excitation of described voltage waveform, and can carry out mating with the feature list of known electrical equipment and contrast thus carry out electrical equipment identification.The recognition result of electrical equipment identity is reported to host computer by communication module.Described current characteristic is temporal signatures and/or the frequency domain character of response current under at least one voltage waveform (such as sinusoidal wave, square wave, triangular wave or sawtooth waveforms etc.).Described temporal signatures is the shape of electric current time domain waveform, amplitude and/or phase place.Described frequency domain character is amplitude and/or the phase place of current first harmonics and/or harmonic wave.

As shown in Figure 3, wherein dashed rectangle is the schematic diagram of electrical equipment identification module embodiment.Described electrical equipment identification module embodiment comprises signal generator 310, low pass filter 320, power amplifier 330, diverter switch 340, voltage sensor and current sensor 350.Preferably, the signal generator described in this embodiment is DDS signal generating module AD9850.Before power supply Executive Module is to power consumption equipment normal power supply, the diverter switch in this embodiment closes.The output voltage of described voltage sensor senses power amplifier, current sensor detects the response current of power consumption equipment under this output voltage.The testing result of voltage sensor and current sensor inputs to core chip through A/D analog-to-digital conversion and carries out feature extraction, coupling, thus realizes electrical equipment identification.Before core chip output order gives power supply Executive Module implementation normal power supply, the first output order of core chip makes it disconnect to diverter switch.

As shown in Figure 4, its dashed rectangle is that electrical equipment identification module and power supply Executive Module unite two into one the schematic diagram of embodiment.In this embodiment, line voltage is used as the voltage drive source of electrical equipment identification after variable voltage variable frequency.Described electrical work state monitoring module monitoring electricity consumption of electrical apparatus, described core chip is transferred to host computer by communication module electrical equipment identity and current power amount, and host computer is added up each electricity consumption of electrical apparatus being successively connected to any one socket of wiring board.

As shown in Figure 5, its dashed rectangle is the schematic diagram of electrical work state monitoring module embodiment.In this embodiment, the voltage of voltage sensor senses socket, current sensor test socket electric current.The testing result of voltage sensor and current sensor inputs to through A/D analog-to-digital conversion the extraction that core chip carries out voltage characteristic and current characteristic, and the calculating of power and power consumption.User can set by host computer the current characteristic threshold value that electrical equipment is in holding state or abnormality.According to current characteristic, described electrical work state monitoring module judges whether electrical equipment is in normal operating conditions or holding state or abnormality.The testing result of electrical appliance state is reported to host computer by communication module.。In present pre-ferred embodiments, described voltage characteristic is the effective value of voltage, and described current characteristic is the effective value of electric current; When the current effective value detected by described electrical work state monitoring module is less than the holding state current effective value threshold value of user's setting, core chip judges that electrical equipment is in holding state; When the current effective value detected by described electrical work state monitoring module is greater than the abnormality current effective value threshold value of user's setting, core chip judges that electrical equipment is in abnormality; For other situations, core chip judges that electrical equipment is in normal operating conditions.

A kind of intelligent and safe wiring board of the present invention and control method thereof can identify electrical equipment identity and without the need to carrying out any transformation to existing electrical equipment, can realize arranging different protections, monitor and forecast scheme to different electrical equipment before giving power consumption equipment normal power supply.According to user arrange permission list of appliances and forbid list of appliances, whether described intelligent and safe wiring board energy intelligent decision should give institute's circuit closer normal power supply.Described intelligent and safe wiring board can be added up the power consumption of each electrical equipment, user is facilitated to understand the power consumption of each electrical equipment, user is allowed to set priority between principal and subordinate's identity of electrical equipment and principal and subordinate's electrical equipment for power-down logic, user is allowed to set different standby current characteristic threshold value and abnormal current characteristic threshold value to different electrical equipment, and by host computer remote control.

The above the specific embodiment of the present invention, does not form limiting the scope of the present invention.Various other that any technical conceive according to the present invention is made change and distortion accordingly, all should be included in the protection range of the claims in the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. an intelligent and safe wiring board, is provided with at least one socket, it is characterized in that: described wiring board is also provided with core chip, electrical equipment identification module, electrical work state monitoring module, power supply Executive Module and communication module; Described electrical equipment identification module is used for identifying electrical equipment identity before to power consumption equipment normal power supply; Described electrical equipment identification module is for generation of at least one voltage waveform lower than supply power voltage, and carrying out electrical equipment identification according to the response current feature of electrical equipment under described voltage waveform, described current characteristic is temporal signatures and/or the frequency domain character of response current; Described communication module is used for carrying out communication with host computer, and described host computer is used for computing; Described power supply Executive Module is electrically connected with external power source, and described communication module is connected with upper machine communication, and described socket is used for being electrically connected with power consumption equipment; Described core chip is for controlling described power supply Executive Module, electrical equipment identification module, electrical work state monitoring module and communication module.
2. intelligent and safe wiring board according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described electrical work state monitoring module is for monitoring power consumption equipment power consumption, and described host computer and/or described core chip are used for adding up the power consumption equipment power consumption of any one socket being connected to described wiring board.
3. a control method for intelligent and safe wiring board according to claim 1, is characterized in that, comprise the following steps:
Described electrical equipment identification module identified electrical equipment identity before power consumption equipment normal power supply: described electrical equipment identification module produces at least one voltage waveform lower than supply power voltage, and carrying out electrical equipment identification according to the response current feature of electrical equipment under described voltage waveform, described current characteristic is temporal signatures and/or the frequency domain character of response current.
4. control method according to claim 3, is characterized in that, described electrical work state monitoring module is also added up the power consumption of power consumption equipment.
5. control method according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, described electrical work state monitoring module also monitors current characteristic during power consumption equipment work, and judges whether electrical equipment is in normal operating conditions or holding state or abnormality according to current characteristic.
6. control method according to claim 5, is characterized in that: user can set by host computer the current characteristic threshold value that electrical equipment is in holding state or abnormality.
7., according to the arbitrary described control method of claim 3 to 6, it is characterized in that: be provided with in described core chip or host computer and allow list of appliances and/or forbid list of appliances; When described electrical equipment identification module judges that the electrical equipment connected is when allowing list of appliances, described power supply Executive Module is powered to power consumption equipment; When electrical equipment identification module judges that the electrical equipment connected is not in permission list of appliances or when forbidding in list of appliances, described power supply Executive Module does not give electric power supply.
8. control method according to claim 7, user adds connected electrical equipment by host computer and allows list of appliances or forbid list of appliances.
9. control method according to claim 7, is characterized in that: set priority power supply order between different electrical equipment and/or power down sequence by described host computer.
10. control method according to claim 7, is characterized in that: set the master slave relation between different electrical equipment by described host computer, for automatically following the active standby state of main electrical equipment from the confession off-position of electrical equipment or supplying off-position.
CN201510761998.1A 2015-11-06 2015-11-06 A kind of intelligent and safe wiring board and its control method CN105576453B (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106785708A (en) * 2016-12-28 2017-05-31 广东工业大学 A kind of socket and its line management method
CN107196146A (en) * 2017-04-17 2017-09-22 广州市翼德电器有限公司 A kind of intelligent micro-control socket and its control method
CN107422209A (en) * 2017-07-29 2017-12-01 佛山市毅力机械制造有限公司 A kind of electricity automatic testing method of household electrical appliance
CN107478926A (en) * 2017-07-14 2017-12-15 宁波三星医疗电气股份有限公司 A kind of electricity consumption monitoring arrangement and method

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CN104868326A (en) * 2015-05-28 2015-08-26 深圳华淩科技有限公司 Smart socket system for monitoring and controlling load electric appliances and control method thereof
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
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CN106785708B (en) * 2016-12-28 2019-03-29 广东工业大学 A kind of socket and its line management method
CN107196146A (en) * 2017-04-17 2017-09-22 广州市翼德电器有限公司 A kind of intelligent micro-control socket and its control method
CN107478926A (en) * 2017-07-14 2017-12-15 宁波三星医疗电气股份有限公司 A kind of electricity consumption monitoring arrangement and method
CN107422209A (en) * 2017-07-29 2017-12-01 佛山市毅力机械制造有限公司 A kind of electricity automatic testing method of household electrical appliance

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