CN202840123U - Intelligent socket - Google Patents

Intelligent socket Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202840123U
CN202840123U CN2012203308114U CN201220330811U CN202840123U CN 202840123 U CN202840123 U CN 202840123U CN 2012203308114 U CN2012203308114 U CN 2012203308114U CN 201220330811 U CN201220330811 U CN 201220330811U CN 202840123 U CN202840123 U CN 202840123U
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China
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electrical equipment
circuit
power supply
data
connected
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CN2012203308114U
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Chinese (zh)
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白保华
任伟理
杨旭升
徐鲲鹏
皮学军
刘国枫
亓学庆
李涛
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国网电力科学研究院
国家电网公司
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Publication of CN202840123U publication Critical patent/CN202840123U/en

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Abstract

The utility model provides an intelligent socket, which comprises an MCU (2), a processing module (3) and a power supply circuit (4). The processing module (3) is connected with external electrical equipment (5) and an external alternating-current power supply (6); the MCU (2) controls and is connected with the processing module (3); one end of the power supply circuit (4) is connected with the external alternating-current power supply (6) and the other end of the power supply circuit (4) is connected with and supplies power to the MCU (2) and the processing module (3); and the processing module (3) includes a DSP chip (7) and a storage (8) which are connected. The DSP chip (7) makes a comparison between feature data of the electrical equipment (5) and that of electrical equipment (5) pre-stored by the storage (8) to determine the type of the electrical equipment (5) and achieves the functions of carrying out electricity consumption data collection and safety detection on the electrical equipment (5) after being registered with a home gateway (17).

Description

一种智能插座 An intelligent socket

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本实用新型涉及智能用电技术领域,具体涉及一种智能插座。 [0001] The present invention relates to smart power technologies, and particularly relates to an intelligent receptacle.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 近年来,随着经济社会迅速发展,物联网建设不断推进,人们生活越来越智能化,应运而生的智能家居是采用综合布线技术、网络通信技术、安全防范技术、自动控制技术、音视频技术将各种用电设备以及住宅内部各种智能化信息处理系统有机地结合在一起,通过统筹管理使得人们生活和工作更加便利、安全、高效。 [0002] In recent years, with the rapid economic and social development, the construction of things continue to progress, people's lives more and more intelligent, came into the smart home is the use of integrated wiring, network communication technology, security technology, automatic control technology , audio and video technology as well as the variety of electrical equipment inside the house a variety of intelligent information processing systems together organically, through an integrated management makes people's lives and work more convenient, secure and efficient. [0003]自动控制技术是智能家居系统中必不可少的技术,广泛应用在智能家居控制中心,家居设备自动控制模块中,对于家庭能源的科学管理、家庭设备的日程管理都有十分重要的作用。 [0003] automatic control technology is the smart home system essential technology, widely used in smart home control center, home automation equipment modules, schedule for home energy management and scientific management, household equipment has a very important role .

[0004] 智能插座就是一个支持计量引擎的设备,提供了一种将智能和通信功能整合到每一件设备中去的更为廉价的方式。 [0004] smart socket is a measurement of engine support equipment, will provide an integrated intelligence and communications capabilities to every piece of equipment in a more inexpensive way to go. 根据应用的不同,智能插座的功能既可以在插座上实现,也可以集成到电器中。 Depending on the application, the smart socket functions can be implemented on both socket, it can also be integrated into appliances.

实用新型内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本实用新型提供一种智能插座,通过DSP芯片采集的与存储器预存的用电设备特征数据进行对比,得到用电设备的类型。 [0005] The present invention provides an intelligent socket, compared with the memory device wherein the pre-stored electrical data collected by the DSP chip to obtain the type of electrical equipment. 本实用新型提供的一种智能插座,包括MCU(2)、处理模块(3 )和电源电路(4),所述处理模块(3 )连接外部的用电设备(5 )和交流电源(6 ); The present invention provides an intelligent receptacle, including MCU (2), the processing module (3) and a power supply circuit (4), said processing module (3) electrical equipment (5) and connected to an external AC power supply (6) ;

[0006] 所述MCU (2 )控制连接所述处理模块(3 );所述电源电路(4 ) 一端连接外部的交流电源(6)另一端连接并提供电源给所述MCU (2)和所述处理模块(3); [0006] The MCU (2) is connected to control the processing module (3); said power supply circuit (4) having one end connected to an external AC power supply (6) and the other end connected to supply power to the MCU (2) and the said processing module (3);

[0007] 所述处理模块(3)包括相互连接的DSP芯片(7)和存储器(8),所述DSP芯片(7)将所述用电设备(5 )特征数据与所述存储器(8 )预存储的用电设备(5 )特征数据进行对比,以确定所述用电设备(5)的类型。 [0007] The processing module (3) comprises a DSP chip (7) and a memory (8), said DSP chip (7) to said electrical equipment (5) with said feature data memory (8) connected to each other pre-stored electrical equipment (5) comparing the feature data to determine the type of the electrical equipment (5).

[0008] 本实用新型的第一实施例中:所述处理模块(3 )还包括信号处理电路(9 )和A/D转换模块(10); [0008] The present invention in the first embodiment: the processing module (3) further comprises a signal processing circuit (9) and A / D converter module (10);

[0009] 所述交流电源(6)连接所述信号处理电路(9); [0009] The AC power supply (6) connected to said signal processing circuit (9);

[0010] 所述用电设备(5)特征数据为所述用电设备(5)启动和工作时的工作电流和电压波形曲线数据; [0010] The electrical apparatus (5) wherein the operating data are curve data current and voltage waveforms and start working at electric apparatus (5);

[0011] 所述信号处理电路(9)对所述用电设备(5)的工作电流和电压信号分别进行处理,并将处理后的信号通过所述A/D转换模块(10)进行A/D转换,将所述转换后的信号发送给所述DSP芯片(7)处理,得到所述用电设备(5)的特征数据; [0011] Working current and voltage signals to the signal processing circuit (9) of the electrical equipment (5) are processed by A and the processed signal through the A / D converter module (10) / D conversion, the converted signal is transmitted to the DSP chip (7) to give the characteristic data of electrical equipment (5);

[0012] 所述电路电源(4 )连接并提供电源给所述DSP芯片(7 )、所述存储器(8 )和所述A/D转换模块(10)。 The [0012] power supply circuit (4) is connected and provides power to the DSP chip (7), the memory (8) and said A / D converting module (10).

[0013] 本实用新型的第二实施例中:所述信号处理电路(9)包括分压电阻电路(11)、采样电阻电路(12)、滤波电路A (13)和滤波电路B (14);[0014] 所述用户设备的电压信号经过所述分压电阻电路(11)进行分压后经滤波电路A [0013] the present invention in the second embodiment: the signal processing circuit (9) comprises a voltage dividing resistor circuit (11), the sampling resistor circuit (12), a filter circuit A (13) and the filter circuit B (14) ; after [0014] the user equipment signal voltage dividing circuit through the voltage dividing resistor (11) via a filter circuit a

(13)滤波,电流信号经过所述采样电阻电路(12)转换成电压信号后经滤波电路B (14)滤波,所述滤波电路A (13)和滤波电路B (14)分别将滤波后的信号发送给所述A/D转换模块(10)。 (13) filtering the signal conversion through the current sense resistor circuit (12) to (14) after filtering through the filter circuit a voltage signal B, the A filter circuit (13) and the filter circuit B (14), respectively, after filtering signal to the A / D converter module (10).

[0015] 本实用新型的第三实施例中:所述智能插座还包括与所述MCU (2)相连的通信模块(15 ),所述电源电路(4 )连接并提供电源给所述通信模块(15); [0015] The third embodiment of the present invention in embodiments: the smart socket further comprises (2) a communication module (15) coupled to said power supply circuit (4) connected to said MCU and providing power to the communication module (15);

[0016] 所述DSP芯片(7 )确定所述用电设备(5 )的类型后通过所述通信模块(15 )将用电设备(5)的注册信息发送给所述家庭网关(17);·[0017] 所述智能插座通过所述通信模块(15)将所述注册后的用电设备(5)的用电数据发送给所述家庭网关(17)。 (15) rear [0016] The DSP chip (7) determining the powered device (5) transmits the type of electrical equipment through the communication module (5) of the registration information to the home gateway (17); • the [0017] smart socket (15) through the communication module transmits electrical device (5) after the registration of the power consumption data to the home gateway (17).

[0018] 本实用新型的第四实施例中:所述通信模块(15)通过WSN网络与所述家庭网关 [0018] The present invention in a fourth embodiment: the communication module (15) via a network with the home gateway WSN

(17)连接。 (17).

[0019] 本实用新型的第五实施例中:所述智能插座还包括控制所述用电设备(5)和所述交流电源(6)连接或断开的继电器(16); [0019] The fifth embodiment of the present invention in embodiments: the intelligent control of the electrical socket further comprises a device (5) and the AC relay (16) power supply (6) to connect or disconnect;

[0020] 所述通信模块(15)接收所述家庭网关(17)发送的用电设备(5)的控制信息或正常工作时的特征数据并发送给所述DSP芯片(7 ),所述MCU (2 )根据所述用电设备(5 )特征数据与所述正常工作时的特征数据对比判断所述用电设备(5 )是否用电安全;所述MCU (2 )在判断所述用电设备(5 )不安全时通过所述继电器(16 )对所述用电设备(5 )进行控制。 [0020] The communication module (15) receiving said characteristic data to the home gateway (17) of electrical equipment (5) or the transmission control information transmitted to said normal operation DSP chip (7), the MCU (2) the characteristic data (5) with said feature data of normal operation of the powered device according to Comparative determining the powered device (5) whether the electric safety; the MCU of the (2) in determining the power device (5) for controlling the electrical equipment (5) via the relay (16) unsafe.

[0021] 本实用新型的第六实施例中:所述通信模块(15)通过串行接口将所述用电设备 [0021] the present invention in the sixth embodiment: the communication module (15) via the serial interface powered device

(5)的控制信息或正常工作时的用电数据发送给所述MCU (2)。 Electricity data (5) or the normal operation of the control information transmitted to the MCU (2).

[0022] 在本实用新型的一种或多种实施例中,提供一种智能插座,其有益效果包括: [0022] In the present practical new one or more embodiments, there is provided an intelligent socket, which benefits include:

[0023]1、本实用新型提供的一种智能插座根据用电设备启动和工作时的电流电压曲线,与存储器预存的数据曲线进行对比,识别用电设备类型,并将用电设备自动注册到家庭网关; [0023] 1, the present invention provides an intelligent socket of the current-voltage curve of the device and start working power, memory and data stored curve comparing, identifying the type of electrical equipment, electrical equipment and automatically registered to home gateway;

[0024] 2、计量用电设备当前的用电状态,如电压、电流、功率和用电量等信息,并通过通信模块发送给家庭网关,用户可以分析用电设备的负荷情况、运行功率和待机功耗等,为用户和电力公司提供用电参考; [0024] 2. Measurement of the current power status of electrical equipment, such as voltage, current, power consumption, and other information, and transmitted to the home gateway via the communication module, the user can analyze the load condition of electrical equipment, operating power, and standby power consumption, to provide a reference for the power company and the power user;

[0025] 3、通信模块将用电设备的用电数据定时上传给家庭网关,并接收响应来自家庭网关的控制命令,保证家庭用电管理系统的正常工作; [0025] 3, a data communication module electrical equipment electrical timing uploaded to the home gateway, and receives a response control command from the home gateway, the home to ensure the normal operation of the power management system;

[0026] 4、实时检测信号对用电设备的工作状态进行分析,与通信模块接收到的家庭网关数据流的历史数据进行对比,判断用电设备是否正常工作,当出现异常状态时,及时断电,保证用电的安全性。 [0026] 4, real-time detection signal for the operating state of the electrical equipment to analyze historical data received with the communication module of a home gateway comparing the data stream, is determined electrical equipment is working properly, when the abnormal state promptly broken electricity, ensure the safety of electricity.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0027] 图1为本实用新型提供的一种智能插座的实施例一与外部用电设备和交流电源的连接示意图; [0027] Figure 1 is an intelligent receptacle invention provides a schematic embodiment of an external electrical connection devices and the AC power source;

[0028] 图2为本实用新型提供的一种智能插座的实施例二与外部用电设备和交流电源的连接示意图; A schematic view of two connected external AC power supply and electrical equipment [0028] FIG 2 present disclosure provides embodiments of an intelligent socket;

[0029] 图3为本实用新型提供的智能插座中信号处理电路的实施例的结构图;[0030] 图4为本实用新型提供的智能插座应用场景的示意图; [0029] FIG. 3 is a structural diagram of an embodiment of the invention provides a signal processing circuit of the smart socket; [0030] FIG 4 provides a schematic diagram of the smart socket invention of the present application scenario;

[0031] 其中:1、智能插座2、MCU 3、处理模块4、电源电路5、用电设备6、交流电源7、DSP芯片8、存储器9、信号处理电路10、A/D转换模块11、分压电阻电路12、采样电阻电路13、滤波电路A 14、滤波电路B 15、通信模块16、继电器17、家庭网关18、用电服务器。 [0031] wherein: 1, the smart socket 2, MCU 3, the processing module 4, a power supply circuit 5, electrical equipment 6, the AC power supply 7, DSP chip 8, a memory 9, the signal processing circuit 10, A / D conversion module 11, dividing resistor circuit 12, the sampling resistor circuit 13, the filter circuit A 14, a filter circuit B 15, a communication module 16, relay 17, the home gateway 18, the server power.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0032] 下面结合附图对本实用新型做进一步说明。 [0032] DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS The present invention is further made.

[0033] 实施例一: [0033] Example a:

[0034] 如图1所示为一种智能插座的实施例一与外部用电设备和交流电源的连接示意图,由图1可知,该智能插座I包括MCU (Micro Control Unit,微处理器)2、处理模块3和电源电路4,处理模块3连接外部的交流电源6和用电设备5。 [0034] FIG. 1 is connected with an external electrical schematic diagram of a device and the AC power is implemented as a smart socket, Figure 1 shows the intelligent socket I include MCU (Micro Control Unit, a microprocessor) 2 , the processing module 3 and the power supply circuit 4, the processing module 3 is connected to an external AC power supply and electrical equipment 6 5. 其中,MCU2控制连接处理模块3,电源电路4 一端连接外部的交流电源6,另一端连接MCU2和处理模块3并为该MCU2和处理模块3提供电源。 Wherein, MCU2 connection processing control module 3, one end connected to an external power supply circuit 4 AC power supply 6, and the other end connected to MCU2 processing module 3 and provides for the supply and processing module 3 MCU2. 处理模块3可以包括相互连接的DSP (Digital Signal Processing,数字信号处理)芯片7和存储器8,DSP芯片7提取用电设备5的与类型相关的特征数据,并且将提取的用电设备5的特征数据与存储器8预存储的的特征数据进行对比,以确定该用电设备5的设备类型。 Wherein the processing module 3 may include interconnected DSP (Digital Signal Processing, Digital Signal Processing) chip and a memory 7. 8, DSP chip 7 extracts electrical equipment characteristic data associated with type 5, and the extracted electrical equipment 5 8 pre-stored feature data is compared with the memory data, to determine the type of electrical equipment device 5.

[0035] 实施例二: [0035] Example II:

[0036] 如图2所示为本实用新型提供一种智能插座的实施例二的与外部用电设备和交流电源的连接示意图,由图2可知,处理模块3还可以包括信号处理电路9和A/D转换模块10,外部的交流电源6连接处理模块3内部的信号处理电路9,该信号处理电路9对用电设备5的电流和电压信号进行处理并将处理后的信号送入A/D转换模块10,A/D转换模块10将从用电设备5接收到的电流、电压模拟信号转换成数字信号,将该数字信号发送给DSP芯片7处理,得到该用电设备5的特征数据,该特征数据包括用电设备5启动和工作时的电流和电压波形曲线数据,DSP芯片7根据该电设备启动和工作时的电流电压曲线与存储器8预存的数据进行对比,确定该用电设备5的设备类型。 [0036] The schematic diagram of FIG invention provides an intelligent connection socket according to the second embodiment with the external electrical devices and the AC power source 2, FIG. 2 shows that, the processing module 3 may further include a signal processing circuit 9, and signal after a / D conversion module 10, the interior of the external AC power supply 6 is connected to the processing module 3 the signal processing circuit 9, the signal processing circuit 9 and a current electrical voltage signal processing apparatus 5 and the process into the a / D converter module 10, a / D conversion module 10 receives from the electrical device 5 to the current, voltage analog signal into a digital signal, transmitted to the digital signal processing DSP chip 7, to obtain the characteristic data of electrical apparatus 5 the current and voltage waveforms characteristic data curve data comprises starting and 5 when the electrical equipment is working, the DSP chip 7 compare the data with the current-voltage curve stored in the memory 8 when the electrical device and start working, it is determined that the electrical equipment 5 device type. 电源电路4从入户的220V低压电力线交流电源6上获取电能,并且进行电压转换,连接A/D转换模块10、DSP芯片7和存储器8并为该A/D转换模块10、DSP芯片7和存储器8提供电源。 The power supply circuit 4 draws power from a home AC 220V low voltage power line 6, and a voltage converter, connected to A / D conversion module 10, DSP and memory chip 7 and 8 for the A / D converter module 10, DSP chip 7 and The memory 8 provides power.

[0037] 进一步地,信号处理电路9用于对用电设备5的电流和电压信号进行处理,以满足A/D转换模块10输入信号的要求。 [0037] Further, the signal processing circuit 9 for processing signals of the current and voltage of the electrical device 5, in order to meet the requirements of A / D conversion module 10 of the input signal. 信号处理电路9的实施例的结构图如图3所示,由图3可知该信号处理电路9包括一个采样电阻电路12、一个分压电阻电路11和两个滤波电路。 The structure of an embodiment of the signal processing circuit 9 shown in Figure 3, Figure 3 shows the signal processing circuit 9 comprises a sampling resistor circuit 12, a voltage dividing resistor circuit 11 and the two filter circuits. 用户设备的电压信号经过分压电阻电路11进行分压,满足A/D转换模块10的输入电压要求,经滤波电路A13滤波后,送入A/D转换模块10 ;用户设备的电流信号经过采样电阻电路12转换成电压信号,经滤波电路B14滤波后,送入A/D转换模块10。 Voltage signal of the user equipment through the voltage-dividing resistor circuit 11 is divided satisfy A / D converter input voltage of the module 10, filter circuit A13 after filtering, into the A / D converter module 10; the current user equipment signal sampled circuit 12 converts the resistance into a voltage signal, after filtering the filter circuit B14, into the A / D converter module 10.

[0038] 智能插座I上电后,DSP芯片7将用电设备5预定时间段的电压、电流信号储存到存储器8,运行用电设备5类型特征提取程序,提取该用电设备5的类型特征,运行用电设备5特征对比程序,与存储器8预存的各种白色家电的用电设备5的特征数据进行对比,判定该用电设备5的类型,当对比程序不能判定该用电设备5的类型时,将该用电设备5的类型设定为UNKN0W,完成该智能插座I对用电设备5的类型识别。 [0038] After power I smart socket, the DSP chip 7 voltage and current signals of electrical equipment 5 of a predetermined period of time stored in the memory 8, characterized in run 5 types of electrical equipment extraction program extracts features of the type of electrical apparatus 5 run 5 characterized in electrical equipment alignment program, pre-stored characteristic data of the memory 8 with a variety of electrical equipment white goods 5 are compared, it is determined that the type of electrical apparatus 5, when the comparison determines that the program can not electrical equipment 5 when the type, the type of electrical apparatus 5 is set to UNKN0W, to complete the identification of the smart socket type electrical equipment I 5. [0039] 可选的,本实施例提供的一种智能插座I还包括与MCU2相连的通信模块15和继电器16,该继电器16还与外部的用电设备5和交流电源6连接,并控制该用电设备5与交流电源6的连接和断开,外部的电源电路4与通信模块15连接并为该通信模块15提供电源。 [0039] Alternatively, an intelligent receptacle provided in this embodiment I further comprising a communication module connected to MCU2 15 and relay 16, the relay 16 is also connected to an external AC electrical power supply device 5 and 6, and controls the 5 with electrical equipment to connect and disconnect the AC power supply 6, the external power supply circuit 4 and the communication module 15 is connected and provides power for the communication module 15. 智能插座识别了该用电设备5的类型,即该用电设备5类型不是UNKNOW时,通信模块15通过WSN(wireless sensor network,无线传感器网络)与家庭网关17进行通信,将用电设备5的注册信息发送给家庭网关17,完成智能插座的自动注册,自动注册完成后,DSP芯片7将循环交替执行用电数据分析程序和用电安全检测程序,以完成和用电设备5的电压、电流、有功功率、无功功率、功率因数、电网频率、视在功率和用电量等参数的计算功能以及用电设备的用电安全监测。 Identifying the smart socket type electrical device 5, i.e. the type of electrical apparatus 5 is not UNKNOW, the communication module 15 to communicate with the home gateway 17 via the WSN (wireless sensor network, wireless sensor networks), the electrical equipment 5 registration information to the home gateway 17, to complete the automatic registration of the smart socket, automatically after registration is complete, the DSP chip 7 cyclically alternating electrical data analysis program execution and electrical safety tests, and to perform voltage electrical equipment 5, the current , active power, reactive power, power factor, power frequency, depending on the electrical safety monitoring and calculation functions of the parameters of electrical equipment power consumption and the like.

[0040] 如图4所示,为本实用新型提供的智能插座应用场景的示意图;智能插座I计量用电设备5的用电数据并发送给用电服务器18,便于用电服务器18 了解该用电设备5的用电状态并对该用电设备5进行控制。 [0040] As shown in FIG 4, a schematic diagram of the smart socket application scenario of the present invention provides a practical; I smart socket metering electricity powered device 5 sends data electricity server 18, to facilitate understanding of the server 18 with electricity electric power status of the device 5 and the electric control device 5. 当用电安全监测出用电设备5工作异常,或用电服务器18对用电设备5进行控制时,MCU2通过控制继电器16实现对用电设备5的控制,正常工作时的用电服务器18通过智能插座对用电设备进行控制的工作原理具体为: When the electrical safety monitoring an abnormal electrical apparatus 5 is operated, electricity, or electricity server 18 when the control device 5, to achieve control of the MCU2 electrical device 5 by controlling the relay 16, the electric server 18 through the normal operation It works smart socket for electrical equipment control specifically:

[0041] 智能插座I的信号处理电路9对接入用电设备5的低压电力线上的电压进行分压、电流进行电流到电压的转换,并将分压后的电压以及分流后的电流通过智能插座I的A/D转换模块10发送给智能插座I的DSP芯片7。 [0041] I smart socket voltage 9 a signal processing circuit low-voltage electric power line access dividing device 5, current to voltage conversion of the current and the voltage and the current after the partial pressure of shunt smart the socket I a / D converter module 10 transmits to the smart socket 7 I DSP chip. 智能插座I的DSP芯片7根据分压后的电压计算出入户的低压电力线上的实际电压,根据分流后的电流计算出接入用电设备5的低压电力线上的实际电流,然后根据电流、电压数据计算出用电设备5的有功功率、无功功率、功率因数、电网频率、视在功率和用电量等信息。 I smart socket DSP chip 7 is calculated based on the voltage obtained by dividing the actual voltage of the low-voltage power line home, calculate the actual current low-voltage electric power line of the access device 5 in accordance with the shunt current, and in accordance with current, voltage data calculated active power, reactive power, power factor, power frequency power device 5, the apparent power and power usage information. 用电设备5的电流、电压、有功功率、无功功率、功率因数、电网频率、视在功率和用电量等信息构成该用电设备5的用电数据。 Current, voltage, active power, reactive power, power factor, power frequency power device 5, the apparent power and power usage information data constituting the electric power device 5. 智能插座I的MCU2通过智能插座I的通信模块15将该用电设备5的用电数据在存储器8进行实时存储并将该用电数据发送给家庭网关17,然后由家庭网关17发送给用电服务器18。 MCU2 smart socket of the socket I I in the communication module 15 through the intelligent power electrical equipment for real-time data 5 stored in the memory 8 the data and transmits the power to the home gateway 17 and then sent to the home gateway 17 from the power server 18. 用电服务器18根据用电设备5的用电数据指定更有效的节能降耗措施,当用户或者用电管理结构需要对用电设备5进行控制时,通过家庭网关17向智能插座的通信模块15发出控制信息,通信模块15将接收的控制信息通过串行接口发送给智能插座I的MCU2,MCU2根据控制信息,对智能插座的继电器16进行开断控制。 Server 18 specified electricity more efficient energy saving measures in accordance with the electrical data of electrical apparatus 5, when the user or the power management structures necessary to control the electrical device 5, to the home gateway smart socket 17 by the communication module 15 control information sent, the communication module 15 of the control information received via the serial interface to a smart socket I of MCU2, MCU2 according to the control information, the relay socket 16 for intelligent control breaking.

[0042] 智能插座I对用电设备5进行安全检测的工作原理为: [0042] I is the principle of safe detection of electrical equipment to the smart socket 5:

[0043] 智能插座I的通信模块15根据用电设备5类型从家庭网关17获取预存的该类型用电设备5正常工作时的特征数据。 [0043] I smart socket communication module 15 acquires characteristic data of the electrical equipment of the type pre-stored work 5 from the home gateway 17 according to the fifth type of electrical equipment. 该正常工作时的特征数据是在对相应类型用电设备5进行大量研究后,所采集的该用电设备5正常工作时电流、电压波形曲线数据和预定阀值,保证用电设备5工作状态分析的可用性。 Wherein the data is in the normal operation after substantial research on the respective type of electrical equipment 5, the acquired electrical apparatus 5 normal operating current, the voltage waveform curve data and a predetermined threshold value, to ensure that electrical equipment operating state 5 availability analysis. 智能插座I的DSP芯片7以固定频率采集预定时间段的电流和电压数据,将采集的用电设备5工作时的特征数据曲线与从家庭网关17获取的该用电设备正常工作时的特征数据曲线进行对比分析,当运算结果小于家庭网关17预定阀值,判定该用电设备5是正常工作状态;如果运算结果超过家庭网关17预定阀值时,判定该用电设备5工作异常。 I DSP chip smart socket 7 at a fixed frequency current and voltage data collected a predetermined time period, the characteristic curve data collected 5 to work with electrical equipment characteristic data when the home gateway device 17 acquires the electrical work of curves were analyzed, the home gateway when the operation result is less than a predetermined threshold value 17, determining that the powered device 5 is the normal operating state; if the result of the operation of the home gateway 17 exceeds a predetermined threshold value, it is determined that the abnormal electrical apparatus 5 is operated. 该阀值是根据用电设备5的额定电压、额定电流、额定功率以及大量对比研究所定,保证一定比例的准确性。 The threshold value is a rated voltage of electrical equipment 5, rated current, rated power and a large contrast Institute set to ensure the accuracy of a certain percentage. 用电设备5工作异常时智能插座I的MCU2向家庭网关17上报用电设备5工作异常事件,同时,智能插座I的MCU2控制继电器16切断用电设备5的电源。 5 electrical equipment not working properly when the smart socket I MCU2 report of electrical equipment 5 work abnormal events to the home gateway 17, while the smart socket I MCU2 control relay 16 off electrical equipment power supply 5. [0044] 最后应当说明的是:以上实施例仅用以说明本实用新型的技术方案而非对其限制,尽管参照上述实施例对本实用新型进行了详细的说明,所属领域的普通技术人员应当理解:依然可以对本实用新型的具体实施方式进行修改或者等同替换,而未脱离本实用新型精神和范围的任何修改或者等同替换,其均应涵盖在本实用新型的权利要求范围当中。 [0044] Finally, it should be noted that: the above embodiments are merely to illustrate the present invention but not to limit the technical solution, although the above-described embodiments with reference to embodiments of the present invention has been described in detail, those skilled in the art will appreciate : still may be made to the present invention DETAILED DESCRIPTION modifications or equivalent replacements without departing from the spirit of the present invention any modifications or equivalent replacements and scope, which should be covered in the present invention which scope of the claims.

Claims (7)

1. 一种智能插座,包括MCU (2)、处理模块(3)和电源电路(4),所述处理模块(3)连接外部的用电设备(5)和交流电源(6);其特征在于,所述MCU (2 )控制连接所述处理模块(3 );所述电源电路(4 ) 一端连接外部的交流电源(6)另一端连接并提供电源给所述MCU (2)和所述处理模块(3);所述处理模块(3)包括相互连接的DSP芯片(7)和存储器(8),所述DSP芯片(7)将获取的所述用电设备(5)的特征数据与所述存储器(8)预存储的特征数据进行对比,以确定所述用电设备(5)的设备类型。 A smart socket, comprising a MCU (2), the processing module (3) and a power supply circuit (4), said processing module (3) connected to external electrical equipment (5) and the AC power supply (6); characterized in said MCU (2) is connected to control the processing module (3); said power supply circuit (4) having one end connected to an external AC power supply (6) and the other end connected to supply power to the MCU (2) and the wherein the data processing module (3) comprises a DSP chip (7) and a memory (8) connected to each other, said electrical equipment (. 5) DSP chip (7) with the acquired; processing module (3) wherein said data memory (8) comparing pre-stored, to determine whether the powered device (5) of the device type.
2.根据权利要求1所述的智能插座,其特征在于,所述处理模块(3)还包括信号处理电路(9)和A/D转换模块(10);所述交流电源(6)连接所述信号处理电路(9);所述用电设备(5)特征数据为所述用电设备(5)启动和工作时的电流和电压波形曲线数据;所述存储器(8)预存储的特征数据为用电设备(5)正常工作时的电流和电压波形曲线数据;所述信号处理电路(9)对所述用电设备(5)的工作电流和电压信号分别进行处理,并将处理后的信号通过所述A/D转换模块(10)进行A/D转换,将所述转换后的信号发送给所述DSP芯片(7)处理,得到所述用电设备(5)的特征数据;所述电路电源(4 )连接并提供电源给所述DSP芯片(7 )、所述存储器(8 )和所述A/D转换模块(10)。 The smart socket according to claim 1, wherein the processing module (3) further comprises a signal processing circuit (9) and A / D converter module (10); the AC power supply (6) connections wherein said data memory (8) pre-stored; said signal processing circuit (9); said electrical equipment (5) to said electrical equipment characteristic data (5) current and voltage waveforms at startup curve data and work current and voltage waveforms of the data curve (5) for the normal operation of electrical equipment; said signal processing circuit (9) of the electrical equipment (5) of the operating current and voltage signals are processed separately and after processing signal through the a / D converter module (10) for a / D conversion, transmits the converted signal to the DSP chip (7) to give the characteristic data of electrical equipment (5); the said power supply circuit (4) is connected and provides power to the DSP chip (7), the memory (8) and said A / D converting module (10).
3.根据权利要求1所述的智能插座,其特征在于,所述信号处理电路(9)包括分压电阻电路(11)、采样电阻电路(12)、滤波电路A (13)和滤波电路B (14);所述用户设备的电压信号经过所述分压电阻电路(11)进行分压后经滤波电路A (13) 滤波,电流信号经过所述采样电阻电路(12)转换成电压信号后经滤波电路B (14)滤波,所述滤波电路A (13)和滤波电路B (14)分别将滤波后的信号发送给所述A/D转换模块(10)。 Smart socket according to claim 1, wherein said signal processing circuit (9) comprises a voltage dividing resistor circuit (11), the sampling resistor circuit (12), a filter circuit A (13) and the filter circuit B after the user equipment signal voltage dividing circuit through the voltage dividing resistor (11) (13) filtering the signal conversion through the current sense resistor circuit (12) into a voltage signal by the filter circuit a; (14) via the filter circuit B (14) filter, said filter circuit a (13) and the filter circuit B (14), respectively, the filtered transmission signal to the a / D converter module (10).
4.根据权利要求1所述的智能插座,其特征在于,所述智能插座还包括与所述MCU(2) 相连的通信模块(15 ),所述电源电路(4 )连接并提供电源给所述通信模块(15);所述DSP芯片(7)确定所述用电设备(5)的设备类型后通过所述通信模块(15)将用电设备(5)注册到所述家庭网关(17);所述智能插座通过所述通信模块(15)将所述注册后的用电设备(5)的用电数据发送给所述家庭网关(17)。 Smart socket according to claim 1, wherein said socket further includes a intelligent (2) connected to a communication module (15), said power supply circuit (4) is connected to the MCU and supply power to the said communication module (15); said DSP chip (7) is determined after the powered device (5) the type of device to register the home gateway (17 through the communication module (15) to electrical equipment (5) ); said intelligent socket (15) through the communication module transmits electrical device (5) after the registration of the power consumption data to the home gateway (17).
5.根据权利要求4所述的智能插座,其特征在于,所述通信模块(15)通过WSN网络与所述家庭网关(17)连接。 Smart socket according to claim 4, characterized in that said communication module (15) are connected by WSN network with the home gateway (17).
6.根据权利要求4所述的智能插座,其特征在于,所述智能插座还包括控制所述用电设备(5 )和所述交流电源(6 )连接或断开的继电器(16 );所述通信模块(15)接收所述家庭网关(17)发送的用电设备(5)的控制信息或正常工作时的特征数据并发送给所述DSP芯片(7),所述MCU (2)根据所述用电设备(5)的特征数据与所述预存储的特征数据对比以判断所述用电设备(5)是否工作异常;所述MCU (2)在判断出所述用电设备(5)工作异常时通过所述继电器(16)对所述用电设备(5)进行控制。 Smart socket according to claim 4, characterized in that said intelligent socket further includes a relay (16) controlling the powered device (5) and said AC power supply (6) to connect or disconnect; the said communication module (15) received by the home gateway (17) transmits the electrical equipment (5) is characterized by the control information or data transmitted to said normal operation DSP chip (7), the MCU (2) the the powered device (5) with feature data pre-stored characteristic data of the comparison to determine whether the powered device (5) is not working; the MCU (2) determines that the electric device (5 ) not working when controlling the electrical equipment (5) via the relay (16).
7.根据权利要求6所述的智能插座,其特征在于,所述通信模块(15)通过串行接口将所述用电设备(5)的控制信息或正常工作时的用电数据发送给所述MCU (2)。 The smart socket according to claim 6, characterized in that said communication module (15) when the electrical data of the powered device (5) or the normal operation of the control information transmitted via the serial interface to the said MCU (2).
CN2012203308114U 2012-07-09 2012-07-09 Intelligent socket CN202840123U (en)

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CN103353717A (en) * 2013-05-31 2013-10-16 国家电网公司 Networked comprehensive intelligent socket and implementation method thereof
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CN105356185A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-02-24 济南大学 Multifunctional socket having timing function
CN105446295A (en) * 2015-12-02 2016-03-30 徐智慧 Electric appliance identification method and apparatus
CN106464506A (en) * 2014-06-20 2017-02-22 三星电子株式会社 Method and apparatus for registering devices in gateway
WO2017092245A1 (en) * 2015-11-30 2017-06-08 小米科技有限责任公司 Method and apparatus for identifying category of electronic device on intelligent socket
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CN103353717A (en) * 2013-05-31 2013-10-16 国家电网公司 Networked comprehensive intelligent socket and implementation method thereof
CN103353717B (en) * 2013-05-31 2016-08-10 国家电网公司 Networking comprehensive intelligent socket and its implementation
CN103346444A (en) * 2013-06-26 2013-10-09 国家电网公司 Intelligent socket for Internet of Things
CN103346444B (en) * 2013-06-26 2016-08-10 国家电网公司 Internet of Things smart jack
CN106464506A (en) * 2014-06-20 2017-02-22 三星电子株式会社 Method and apparatus for registering devices in gateway
CN104793052A (en) * 2015-05-12 2015-07-22 国家电网公司 Intelligent air switch and intelligent power utilization system
CN105093150A (en) * 2015-07-29 2015-11-25 广州电力设计院 Meter calibration system based on intelligent power consumption network, and meter calibration method thereof
CN105356185A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-02-24 济南大学 Multifunctional socket having timing function
WO2017092245A1 (en) * 2015-11-30 2017-06-08 小米科技有限责任公司 Method and apparatus for identifying category of electronic device on intelligent socket
CN105446295A (en) * 2015-12-02 2016-03-30 徐智慧 Electric appliance identification method and apparatus
CN105446295B (en) * 2015-12-02 2018-12-14 徐智慧 The recognition methods of electric appliance and device
WO2019047328A1 (en) * 2017-09-07 2019-03-14 深圳市元创时代科技有限公司 Socket and method for supplying power to multiple devices by using socket

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