CN105559982B - A kind of operation patients Intelligentized mechanical transporter - Google Patents

A kind of operation patients Intelligentized mechanical transporter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105559982B
CN105559982B CN201510915511.0A CN201510915511A CN105559982B CN 105559982 B CN105559982 B CN 105559982B CN 201510915511 A CN201510915511 A CN 201510915511A CN 105559982 B CN105559982 B CN 105559982B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cart
lifting
bed
machine frame
gear
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510915511.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105559982A (en
Inventor
杨博文
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杨博文
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Publication date
Application filed by 杨博文 filed Critical 杨博文
Priority to CN201510915511.0A priority Critical patent/CN105559982B/en
Publication of CN105559982A publication Critical patent/CN105559982A/en
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Publication of CN105559982B publication Critical patent/CN105559982B/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G1/00Stretchers
    • A61G1/02Stretchers with wheels
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G1/00Stretchers
    • A61G1/04Parts, details or accessories, e.g. head-, foot-, or like rests specially adapted for stretchers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/10Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons, e.g. special adaptations of hoists thereto
    • A61G7/1025Lateral movement of patients, e.g. horizontal transfer
    • A61G7/103Transfer boards
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G2203/00General characteristics of devices
    • A61G2203/10General characteristics of devices characterised by specific control means, e.g. for adjustment or steering

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of operation patients Intelligentized mechanical transporter, including go-cart and movable machine frame, the go-cart is by cart body, screw lifting mechanism, fixing device and attachment means are constituted, the cart body is made up of lifting bed surface support and pulley, pulley is located at the bottom of lifting bed surface support, lifting bed surface support is by four telescopic columns, base plate and bed panel are fixedly connected sequentially and form, the screw lifting mechanism is located between base plate and bed panel, the present invention is rational in infrastructure, the transhipment of patient can effectively be realized, this process is convenient and swift, operation is intelligent, patient's pain is small, therefore patient will not be also triggered injured situation occur, therefore it is very safe, the purpose of one man operation can be realized by intelligentized operation, reduce the physical demands of medical personnel.

Description

A kind of operation patients Intelligentized mechanical transporter

Technical field

The present invention relates to medical instruments field, specifically a kind of operation patients Intelligentized mechanical transporter.

Background technology

It is reported that, patient in the overall process of operative treatment, wherein have one by patient from patient bed transport to operating table, then It is transported to the transhipment link of sick bed from operating table, its transport process is to patient's psychological preparation before surgery and postoperative body Recovery has a very big impact.

At present, the transhipment before domestic overwhelming majority hospital surgicals is carried by artificial, or with stretcher by disease People is lifted on operating table, but before surgery in transport process, may be failed to understand because of the state of an illness to patient, hasty handling process In often making patients pain, or even cause secondary damage, and excessively meticulous operation, and may be delayed and most preferably rescue Shield opportunity;And after surgery, if transhipment is unstable, the big heavy discount of surgical effect of patient is may result in, or even can shadow Ring the life security to patient.

The content of the invention

It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of operation patients Intelligentized mechanical transporter, to solve above-mentioned background technology The problem of middle proposition.

To achieve the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme:

A kind of operation patients Intelligentized mechanical transporter, including go-cart and movable machine frame, the go-cart by cart body, Screw lifting mechanism, fixing device and attachment means are constituted, and the cart body is made up of lifting bed surface support and pulley, pulley Located at the bottom of lifting bed surface support, lifting bed surface support be fixedly connected sequentially by four telescopic columns, base plate and bed panels and Into the screw lifting mechanism is located between base plate and bed panel, and screw lifting mechanism is by lifting motor, big little gear and screw rod Constitute, lifting motor is engaged with big little gear, and the lower end of screw rod connects the centre bore of big little gear in the form of being threadedly coupled, and The upper end of screw rod is fixedly connected the bottom of bed panel, and big pinion rotation is driven by lifting motor, so that screw rod is upper and lower Linear motion, so as to drive the oscilaltion of bed panel;The fixing device is made up of multiple movable machine frame fixing devices, activity Machine frame fixture is installed on the head of a bed and tailstock of cart body;The movable machine frame is made up of supporting plate and two pieces of operation pads; Supporting plate is movably arranged in the bed panel of cart body by bearing, and supporting plate is by movable machine frame fixing device and go-cart master Body phase is fixedly connected;The operation pad is movably arranged in supporting plate, and operation pad is equipped with mounting groove, and the mounting groove end to end Tooth bar is inside fixed with, tooth bar is meshed with second gear, second gear drive connection axle, the bottom of axle is fixedly connected the first tooth Wheel, the first gear is meshed with chain, and chain is meshed with the output gear of motor, drives chain to rotate by motor, Now under the drive of chain, and by gear combination so that two operation pads under the induced effect of tooth bar, respectively to both sides Separate, so that patient falls on operating table.

As further scheme of the invention:The movable machine frame fixing device is fixed on cart body in an articulated manner On.

As further scheme of the invention:The side of the go-cart is provided with sliding groove, and sliding groove is provided with positioning screw, The docking between go-cart, operating table, sick bed is realized using sliding groove, and locking positioning is carried out by positioning screw.

As further scheme of the invention:The motor and lifting motor are connected with controller, the side of lifting motor It is provided with limit switch, limit switch connection controller.

Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:The present invention is rational in infrastructure, can effectively realize patient's Transhipment, this process is convenient and swift, and operation is intelligent, and patient's pain is small, therefore will not also trigger patient injured situation occur, because This unusual safety, the purpose of one man operation can be realized by intelligentized operation, reduce the physical demands of medical personnel.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is go-cart using effect figure.

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of go-cart in a kind of operation patients Intelligentized mechanical transporter of the invention.

Fig. 3 is the sectional view of go-cart in a kind of operation patients Intelligentized mechanical transporter of the invention.

Fig. 4 is the structural representation of movable machine frame in a kind of operation patients Intelligentized mechanical transporter of the invention.

Fig. 5 is the partial schematic diagram of movable machine frame in a kind of operation patients Intelligentized mechanical transporter of the invention.

Fig. 6 is the design sketch that operating table is transported in go-cart.

Fig. 7 is the design sketch of operating table transport pushing cart.

Fig. 8 is the design sketch of go-cart transferring hospital bed.

Fig. 9 is the design sketch of patient bed transport go-cart.

In figure:1- operating tables, 2- movable machine frames, 3- go-carts, 4- movable machine frames fixing device, 5- sliding grooves, 6- positioning spiral shells Bar, 7- sick beds, 8- side boards, 9- baffle plates, 21- supporting plates, 22- operation pads, 23- chains, 24- bearings, 25- first gears, 26- axles, 27- second gears, 28- tooth bars, 29- motors, 31- lifting motors, the big little gears of 32-, 33- screw rods.

Specific embodiment

Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation is described, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the invention, rather than whole embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is every other that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made Embodiment, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.

Fig. 1~9 are referred to, in the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of operation patients Intelligentized mechanical transporter, including go-cart 3 With movable machine frame 2, the go-cart 3 is made up of cart body, screw lifting mechanism, fixing device and attachment means, the go-cart Main body is made up of lifting bed surface support and pulley, and pulley is stretched located at the bottom of lifting bed surface support, lifting bed surface support by four Contracting column, base plate and bed panel are fixedly connected sequentially and form, and the screw lifting mechanism is located between base plate and bed panel, screw rod Elevating mechanism is made up of lifting motor 31, big little gear 32 and screw rod 33, and lifting motor 31 is engaged with big little gear 32, screw rod 33 Lower end connect the centre bore of big little gear 32 in the form of being threadedly coupled, and the upper end of screw rod 33 is fixedly connected the bottom of bed panel Portion, drives big little gear 32 to rotate by lifting motor 31, so that screw rod moves along a straight line about 33, so as to drive bed panel Oscilaltion;The fixing device is made up of multiple movable machine frame fixing devices 4, and movable machine frame fixing device 4 is installed on and pushes away The head of a bed and tailstock of vehicle main body.

The movable machine frame 2 is made up of supporting plate 21 and two pieces of operation pads 22;Supporting plate 21 is movably arranged at by bearing 24 In the bed panel of cart body, and supporting plate 21 is mutually fixedly connected by movable machine frame fixing device 4 with cart body;The hand Art pad 22 is movably arranged in supporting plate 21, and being equipped with end to end in mounting groove, and the mounting groove for operation pad 22 is fixed with tooth Bar 28, tooth bar 28 is meshed with second gear 27, the drive connection axle 26 of second gear 27, and the bottom of axle 26 is fixedly connected the first tooth Wheel 25, the first gear 25 is meshed with chain 23, and chain 23 is meshed with the output gear of motor 29, by the band of motor 29 Dynamic chain 23 is rotated, now under the drive of chain 23, and by gear combination so that band of two operation pads 22 in tooth bar 28 Under action is used, separated to both sides respectively, so that patient falls on operating table 1.

The movable machine frame fixing device is fixed in cart body in the form of being hinged with 4, thus can realize locking and The purpose of unlatching.

The side of the go-cart 3 is provided with sliding groove 5, and sliding groove 5 is provided with positioning screw 6, and go-cart is realized using sliding groove 5 3rd, the docking between operating table 1, sick bed 7, and locking positioning is carried out by positioning screw 6.

The motor 29 and lifting motor 31 are connected with controller, and the side of lifting motor 31 is provided with limit switch, spacing Switch connection controller.

Operation principle of the invention is:During use, first by screw lifting mechanism by the height of movable machine frame 2 It is adjusted so that its height highly consistent with sick bed 7 or operating table 1, while using sliding groove 5 that go-cart is any with other Equipment carries out effective fixed docking;Can realize horizontal slip because movable machine frame 2 is overall, thus when docking both at When sustained height, it is possible to the transfer of patient is realized by artificial promotion, and drives chain 23 to rotate by motor 29, Now under the drive of chain 23, and by gear combination so that two operation pads 22 are distinguished under the induced effect of tooth bar 28 Separated to both sides, therefore the overall operation without personnel is capable of achieving withdrawing for operation pad 22, therefore whole process patient pain It is small and very quick;Motor 29 and lifting motor 31 are connected with controller simultaneously, and the side of lifting motor 31 is provided with spacing opening Close, therefore whole process can carry out intelligentized operation, it is to avoid too high or too low situation occurs in lifting.

It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the invention is not restricted to the details of above-mentioned one exemplary embodiment, Er Qie In the case of without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be in other specific forms realized.Therefore, no matter From the point of view of which point, embodiment all should be regarded as exemplary, and be nonrestrictive, the scope of the present invention is by appended power Profit requires to be limited rather than described above, it is intended that all in the implication and scope of the equivalency of claim by falling Change is included in the present invention.Any reference in claim should not be considered as the claim involved by limitation.

Moreover, it will be appreciated that although the present specification is described in terms of embodiments, not each implementation method is only wrapped Containing an independent technical scheme, this narrating mode of specification is only that for clarity, those skilled in the art should Specification an as entirety, the technical scheme in each embodiment can also be formed into those skilled in the art through appropriately combined May be appreciated other embodiment.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of operation patients Intelligentized mechanical transporter, including go-cart (3) and movable machine frame (2), it is characterised in that described Go-cart (3) is made up of cart body, screw lifting mechanism, fixing device and attachment means, and the cart body is by lifting bed surface Support and pulley are constituted, and, located at the bottom of lifting bed surface support, lifting bed surface support is by four telescopic columns, base plate and beds for pulley Panel is fixedly connected sequentially and forms, and the screw lifting mechanism is located between base plate and bed panel, and screw lifting mechanism is by lifting Motor (31), big little gear (32) and screw rod (33) are constituted, and lifting motor (31) is engaged with big little gear (32), screw rod (33) Lower end connects the centre bore of big little gear (32) in the form of being threadedly coupled, and the upper end of screw rod (33) is fixedly connected bed panel Bottom;The fixing device is made up of multiple movable machine frame fixing devices (4), and movable machine frame fixing device (4) is installed on go-cart The head of a bed and tailstock of main body;The movable machine frame (2) is made up of supporting plate (21) and two pieces of operation pads (22);Supporting plate (21) is led to Bearing (24) is crossed to be movably arranged in the bed panel of cart body, and supporting plate (21) by movable machine frame fixing device (4) with push away Car owner's body phase is fixedly connected;The operation pad (22) is movably arranged in supporting plate (21), and operation pad (22) is equipped with peace end to end Tooth bar (28) is fixed with tankage, and the mounting groove, tooth bar (28) is meshed with second gear (27), second gear (27) Drive connection axle (26), the bottom of axle (26) is fixedly connected first gear (25), the first gear (25) and chain (23) phase Engagement, chain (23) is meshed with the output gear of motor (29).
2. operation patients Intelligentized mechanical transporter according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the movable machine frame is consolidated Determine device (4) to be fixed in cart body in an articulated manner.
3. operation patients Intelligentized mechanical transporter according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the go-cart (3) Side is provided with sliding groove (5), and sliding groove (5) is provided with positioning screw (6).
4. operation patients Intelligentized mechanical transporter according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the motor (29) and Lifting motor (31) is connected with controller, and the side of lifting motor (31) is provided with limit switch, limit switch connection controller.
CN201510915511.0A 2015-12-07 2015-12-07 A kind of operation patients Intelligentized mechanical transporter CN105559982B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510915511.0A CN105559982B (en) 2015-12-07 2015-12-07 A kind of operation patients Intelligentized mechanical transporter

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510915511.0A CN105559982B (en) 2015-12-07 2015-12-07 A kind of operation patients Intelligentized mechanical transporter

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CN105559982A CN105559982A (en) 2016-05-11
CN105559982B true CN105559982B (en) 2017-06-30

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Families Citing this family (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106236459B (en) * 2016-08-19 2018-03-02 辛光宾 A kind of intelligent speed-regulating multifunctional patient transfer device
CN106389018B (en) * 2016-11-10 2017-10-31 航天科工智能机器人有限责任公司 Medical scoop stretcher transfer car(buggy)
CN107468430A (en) * 2017-08-24 2017-12-15 镇江市高等专科学校 A kind of liftable Medical handcart and application method
CN107456332A (en) * 2017-09-21 2017-12-12 马红 Portable nursing bed
CN108158756A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-06-15 河南工程学院 A kind of medical robot and its control method
CN108209919A (en) * 2018-01-05 2018-06-29 滨州医学院 A kind of nuclear magnetic resonance hoistable platform
CN109009698B (en) * 2018-07-12 2020-03-17 吉林大学第一医院 Shovel stretcher used in medical field
CN109009694B (en) * 2018-07-12 2020-01-31 吉林大学第一医院 shovel stretcher with adjustable length used in medical field
CN109820656A (en) * 2019-03-19 2019-05-31 韩燕臣 A kind of emergency department uses patients transfer hatchway
CN110292486A (en) * 2019-08-08 2019-10-01 郑州大学第一附属医院 A kind of clinic Operation trolley

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN205198302U (en) * 2015-12-07 2016-05-04 杨博文 Intelligent mechanical transfer device of operation patient

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