CN105490354A - Highway new-energy charging station - Google Patents

Highway new-energy charging station Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105490354A
CN105490354A CN201610088364.9A CN201610088364A CN105490354A CN 105490354 A CN105490354 A CN 105490354A CN 201610088364 A CN201610088364 A CN 201610088364A CN 105490354 A CN105490354 A CN 105490354A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
charging
power
connected
highway
distribution cabinet
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610088364.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陆玉正
李俊娇
吴迪
Original Assignee
陆玉正
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 陆玉正 filed Critical 陆玉正
Priority to CN201610088364.9A priority Critical patent/CN105490354A/en
Publication of CN105490354A publication Critical patent/CN105490354A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/30Constructional details of charging stations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/50Charging stations characterised by energy-storage or power-generation means
    • B60L53/52Wind-driven generators
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/0068Battery or charger load switching, e.g. concurrent charging and load supply
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/34Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering
    • H02J7/35Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering with light sensitive cells
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7005Batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors
    • Y02T10/7088Charging stations
    • Y02T10/7094Charging stations with the energy being of renewable origin
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/72Electric energy management in electromobility
    • Y02T10/7208Electric power conversion within the vehicle
    • Y02T10/7216DC to DC power conversion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/72Electric energy management in electromobility
    • Y02T10/7208Electric power conversion within the vehicle
    • Y02T10/7241DC to AC or AC to DC power conversion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/80Technologies aiming to reduce greenhouse gasses emissions common to all road transportation technologies
    • Y02T10/92Energy efficient charging or discharging systems for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors specially adapted for vehicles

Abstract

The invention discloses a highway new-energy charging station which comprises a wind turbine, a wind turbine power distribution cabinet, a rectifier, a power distributor, a storage battery, a discharging controller, a charging pile, an inverter, a DC/DC converter, a photovoltaic power generation power distribution cabinet and a photovoltaic array. The wind turbine converts wind energy into alternating current energy. The photovoltaic array directly converts solar energy into direct current electric energy. Alternating current generated by wind power generation is rectified by the rectifier and then coupled to the direct current electric energy generated by the photovoltaic array through the DC/DC converter to be connected with the power distributor. The power distributor distributes charging power according to the state of the charging pile and the state of the storage battery. When neither wind power generation nor solar photovoltaic power generation can meet the requirement for electric automobile charging, the discharging controller controls the storage battery to be discharged to supply power to the charging pile. Wind power generation and solar photovoltaic power generation are coupled, the distributed charging station is obtained, and the requirement of a user for charging at any period of time can be met.

Description

A kind of highway new forms of energy charging station

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of highway new forms of energy charging station, utilize solar energy power generating and wind power generation to realize charging electric vehicle, belong to technical field of new energies.

Background technology

The Xiao Wang gone to work in certain motor corporation has enjoyed double-deck welfare---and that purchases that the welfare of new forms of energy car and company provide exempts from charging service entirely.But, he every day will in company for liking car charging, and family is rented the parking stall come and also do not allowed oneself to arrange charging pile.And allow his worry most, open electric motor car gos out, and also will arrange in strict accordance with the stroke on car, " fear not had electricity, only have part of go-cart ".According to one's introduction, the rarely seen applicable charging pile in other public arenas, Guangzhou." just as petrol station and automobile, what electric motor car needed most is charging pile." Xiao Wang says.In May last year, Yu Dongya garden, Yuexiu District is cooperated with tesla, has built three charging piles on building doorway.Security personnel Mr. Li recalls, " almost have every day at least two cars to carry out this charging, sometimes also will queue up ".But in March in this year because of expiration of contract, charging pile is removed, a lot of car owner drive to charge but find there is no charging pile, one after another to security personnel complaint.But, in the recent period, the construction of the public charging pile in Guangzhou is also among quickening.October 23 this year, the completion of maximum vehicle charging field on Chun Yuan East Road, development zone in Guangzhou, the charging ability of charging field charging pile design is 2000KVA, arrange charging pile by 8KW-120KW size direct current with exchange 35, and enough charging parking stalls are equipped with, 60 motor buses and 10 passenger car chargings can be held simultaneously.Charging electric vehicle is difficult, is almost the most difficult problem that each car owner faces.This is also the key factor of restriction Development of Electric Vehicles.The construction of charging station and charging pile is subject to the multifactor impact such as policy, technology.Wherein, the high power of charging device is a key factor of restriction development.Solar energy and wind power generation obtain develop rapidly in recent years, but these electric power are seldom grid-connected, and main cause is these unstable powers.The too high safety that can affect electrical network of installed capacity.If solar energy power generating is coupled with wind power generation, realizes charging electric vehicle for distribution, solve the charging problems of electric automobile on the one hand, solve solar energy and wind power generation portion stable problem on the other hand.The present invention is based on above-mentioned background, invent a kind of solar energy power generating and combine power supply with wind generating technology, charge to electric automobile.

Summary of the invention

Goal of the invention: for above-mentioned existing Problems existing and deficiency, the object of a kind of highway new forms of energy of the present invention charging station solves the difficult problem of charging electric vehicle.

technical scheme:a kind of highway new forms of energy charging station, comprises wind energy conversion system (1), wind energy conversion system power distribution cabinet (2), rectifier (3), power divider (4), storage battery (5), discharge controller (6), charging pile (7), inverter (8), DC/DC converter (9), photovoltaic generation power distribution cabinet (10), photovoltaic array (11);

The electric power of described wind energy conversion system (1) exports and is connected with the input of wind energy conversion system power distribution cabinet (2), the output of wind energy conversion system power distribution cabinet (2) is connected with the input of rectifier (3), the output of rectifier (3) is connected with the input of power divider (4) with after the output-parallel of DC/DC converter (9), the electric power of photovoltaic array (11) exports and is connected with the input of photovoltaic generation power distribution cabinet (10), the output of photovoltaic generation power distribution cabinet (10) is connected with the input of DC/DC converter (9), power divider (4) point two-way exports, power divider (4) exports one and is connected with the charging port of storage battery (5), the electric discharge port of storage battery (5) inputs with discharge controller (6) and is connected, the output of discharge controller (6) is connected with the input of inverter (8), power divider (4) exports two and is connected with the input of inverter (8), the output of inverter (8) is connected with the input of charging pile (7).

A kind of highway new forms of energy charging station, when it is characterized in that highway is North and South direction, charging station is arranged on highway both sides, and photovoltaic array (11) is 5 degree of installations by inclination angle, and the front of photovoltaic array (11) facing away from highway; When highway is east-west direction, photovoltaic array (11) is arranged on the southern side of highway, and install photovoltaic array (11) by fixed angle, fixed angle is the latitude at charging station place.

Wind resource change is electric energy by described wind energy conversion system (1), and primarily of formations such as blade, wind-driven generator, drive mechanisms, the AC energy of generation is delivered in wind energy conversion system power distribution cabinet (2).

Described wind energy conversion system power distribution cabinet (2) for electric energy for distribution, the technical requirements such as designing requirement will reach rainproof, high temperature-proof.

Described rectifier (3) is converted to direct current energy for the AC energy produced by wind energy conversion system (1).

Described power divider (4) is made up of control circuit and electromagnetically operated valve, according to the electrical energy demands of charging pile (7) and the state-of-charge of storage battery (5), distributes charge power.

Described storage battery (5) is made up of lead-acid batteries, and design capacity is greater than the power of 2 charging electric vehicle demands.

Described discharge controller (6) is made up of single-chip microcomputer, for controlling the electric discharge of storage battery (5).

Described charging pile (7) is alternating-current charging pile, can design multiple charging pile, by electric energy to charging electric vehicle in charging station.

Described inverter (8) is AC energy for direct current energy inversion power generation and solar energy power generating obtained, to meet the powder technology requirement of charging pile (7).

Described DC/DC converter (9) is for carrying out DC chopped-wave conversion by the direct current energy of photovoltaic generation, and the direct current energy that photovoltaic generation is exported is consistent with the output electric energy of rectifier (3), so that couple electrical energy.

Described photovoltaic generation power distribution cabinet (10) carries out connection in series-parallel for the electric energy produced by photovoltaic array (11), and delivers to the input of DC/DC converter (9).

Described photovoltaic array (11) is made up of polysilicon photovoltaic cells, for solar energy is directly converted to direct current energy.

Operation principle: Wind resource change is AC energy by wind energy conversion system (1), through wind energy conversion system power distribution cabinet (2), AC energy is delivered to rectifier (3), AC energy rectification is direct current energy by rectifier (3), solar energy is converted to direct current energy by photovoltaic array (11), through photovoltaic generation power distribution cabinet (10) direct current energy delivered to be coupled with the direct current energy that rectifier (3) exports after direct current energy is carried out conversion by DC/DC converter (9) after deliver to power divider (4), power divider (4) completes the power division of direct current energy, deliver to storage battery (5) and charging pile (7) respectively, when wind energy conversion system (1) and photovoltaic array (11) can not meet charge requirement, discharge controller (6) controls, storage battery (5) discharges, just deliver to inverter (8), power to charging pile (7).

beneficial effect,the present invention has the following advantages:

(1) the present invention utilizes solar energy power generating and wind generating technology associating, realizes powering to charging pile on a highway, without the need to obtaining electric energy from electrical network.

(2) the present invention adopts distributed photovoltaic power generation and distributed wind-power generator, can build charging station anywhere, and exploitativeness is strong, and meets the policy of country's encouragement.

(3) the present invention realizes new forms of energy charging station at highway, can be electric bicycle principal solution and certainly to charge difficult problem, enforcement of the present invention, contributes to the development promoting electric automobile industry.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;

In figure: 1-wind energy conversion system, 2-wind energy conversion system power distribution cabinet, 3-rectifier, 4-power divider, 5-storage battery, 6-discharge controller, 7-charging pile, 8-inverter, 9-DC/DC converter, 10-photovoltaic generation power distribution cabinet, 11-photovoltaic array.

Fig. 2 is for specifically to implement schematic diagram;

In figure: 1-wind energy conversion system, 2-wind energy conversion system power distribution cabinet, 10-photovoltaic generation power distribution cabinet, 11-photovoltaic array, 12-power station power distribution room.

Embodiment: by reference to the accompanying drawings 1, Fig. 2 explains the present invention further.

A kind of highway new forms of energy charging station, comprises wind energy conversion system (1), wind energy conversion system power distribution cabinet (2), rectifier (3), power divider (4), storage battery (5), discharge controller (6), charging pile (7), inverter (8), DC/DC converter (9), photovoltaic generation power distribution cabinet (10), photovoltaic array (11);

The electric power of described wind energy conversion system (1) exports and is connected with the input of wind energy conversion system power distribution cabinet (2), the output of wind energy conversion system power distribution cabinet (2) is connected with the input of rectifier (3), the output of rectifier (3) is connected with the input of power divider (4) with after the output-parallel of DC/DC converter (9), the electric power of photovoltaic array (11) exports and is connected with the input of photovoltaic generation power distribution cabinet (10), the output of photovoltaic generation power distribution cabinet (10) is connected with the input of DC/DC converter (9), power divider (4) point two-way exports, power divider (4) exports one and is connected with the charging port of storage battery (5), the electric discharge port of storage battery (5) inputs with discharge controller (6) and is connected, the output of discharge controller (6) is connected with the input of inverter (8), power divider (4) exports two and is connected with the input of inverter (8), the output of inverter (8) is connected with the input of charging pile (7).

A kind of highway new forms of energy charging station, when it is characterized in that highway is North and South direction, charging station is arranged on highway both sides, and photovoltaic array (11) is 5 degree of installations by inclination angle, and the front of photovoltaic array (11) facing away from highway; When highway is east-west direction, photovoltaic array (11) is arranged on the southern side of highway, and install photovoltaic array (11) by fixed angle, fixed angle is the latitude at charging station place.

As shown in Figure 2, described rectifier (3), power divider (4), storage battery (5), discharge controller (6), charging pile (7), inverter (8), DC/DC converter (9) are arranged in power station power distribution room (12).

The foregoing is only better embodiment of the present invention; protection scope of the present invention is not limited with above-mentioned execution mode; in every case those of ordinary skill in the art modify or change according to the equivalence that disclosed content is done, and all should include in the protection range recorded in claims.

Claims (2)

1. a highway new forms of energy charging station, comprises wind energy conversion system (1), wind energy conversion system power distribution cabinet (2), rectifier (3), power divider (4), storage battery (5), discharge controller (6), charging pile (7), inverter (8), DC/DC converter (9), photovoltaic generation power distribution cabinet (10), photovoltaic array (11);
The electric power of described wind energy conversion system (1) exports and is connected with the input of wind energy conversion system power distribution cabinet (2), the output of wind energy conversion system power distribution cabinet (2) is connected with the input of rectifier (3), the output of rectifier (3) is connected with the input of power divider (4) with after the output-parallel of DC/DC converter (9), the electric power of photovoltaic array (11) exports and is connected with the input of photovoltaic generation power distribution cabinet (10), the output of photovoltaic generation power distribution cabinet (10) is connected with the input of DC/DC converter (9), power divider (4) point two-way exports, power divider (4) exports one and is connected with the charging port of storage battery (5), the electric discharge port of storage battery (5) inputs with discharge controller (6) and is connected, the output of discharge controller (6) is connected with the input of inverter (8), power divider (4) exports two and is connected with the input of inverter (8), the output of inverter (8) is connected with the input of charging pile (7).
2. a kind of highway new forms of energy charging station according to claim 1, when it is characterized in that highway is North and South direction, charging station is arranged on highway both sides, and photovoltaic array (11) is 5 degree of installations by inclination angle, and the front of photovoltaic array (11) facing away from highway; When highway is east-west direction, photovoltaic array (11) is arranged on the southern side of highway, and install photovoltaic array (11) by fixed angle, fixed angle is the latitude at charging station place.
CN201610088364.9A 2016-02-17 2016-02-17 Highway new-energy charging station CN105490354A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105932763A (en) * 2016-06-02 2016-09-07 浙江大学 Wind-light-path complementary solar charging station system and method
CN106026337A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-10-12 广东港博电力科技有限公司 Environment-friendly charging pile with hybrid electric power generation system
CN106192886A (en) * 2016-09-08 2016-12-07 无锡同春新能源科技有限公司 A kind of electric ship harbour of the band charging pile of powered by wind energy

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20100157632A1 (en) * 2008-12-20 2010-06-24 Azuray Technologies, Inc. Energy Conversion Systems With Power Control
CN103124101A (en) * 2011-11-18 2013-05-29 西安博昱新能源有限公司 Novel electric vehicle charging station
CN104779897A (en) * 2015-05-04 2015-07-15 苏州常实工业设备有限公司 Wind-solar electricity generation system used on expressway
CN205509548U (en) * 2016-02-17 2016-08-24 陆玉正 Highway new forms of energy charging station

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20100157632A1 (en) * 2008-12-20 2010-06-24 Azuray Technologies, Inc. Energy Conversion Systems With Power Control
CN103124101A (en) * 2011-11-18 2013-05-29 西安博昱新能源有限公司 Novel electric vehicle charging station
CN104779897A (en) * 2015-05-04 2015-07-15 苏州常实工业设备有限公司 Wind-solar electricity generation system used on expressway
CN205509548U (en) * 2016-02-17 2016-08-24 陆玉正 Highway new forms of energy charging station

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106026337A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-10-12 广东港博电力科技有限公司 Environment-friendly charging pile with hybrid electric power generation system
CN105932763A (en) * 2016-06-02 2016-09-07 浙江大学 Wind-light-path complementary solar charging station system and method
CN106192886A (en) * 2016-09-08 2016-12-07 无锡同春新能源科技有限公司 A kind of electric ship harbour of the band charging pile of powered by wind energy

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