CN105459925B - Wire harness docking apparatus and automotive wire bundle assembly system - Google Patents

Wire harness docking apparatus and automotive wire bundle assembly system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105459925B
CN105459925B CN201410448560.3A CN201410448560A CN105459925B CN 105459925 B CN105459925 B CN 105459925B CN 201410448560 A CN201410448560 A CN 201410448560A CN 105459925 B CN105459925 B CN 105459925B
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China
Prior art keywords
unit
end plug
wire harness
connecting mechanism
male end
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CN201410448560.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105459925A (en
Inventor
崔小毛
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SAIC Motor Corp Ltd
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SAIC Motor Corp Ltd
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Abstract

A kind of wire harness docking apparatus and automotive wire bundle assembly system, wherein, wire harness docking apparatus includes:Male end plug-in unit;Female end plug-in unit;Lock piece, it is arranged on female end plug-in unit, connection is may move with female end plug-in unit, suitable for carries out automatic secondary locking to male end plug-in unit;The first cavity and the second cavity for accommodating wire harness, and the first connecting mechanism and the second connecting mechanism being mutually adapted are respectively arranged with male end plug-in unit and female end plug-in unit;Male end plug-in unit is suitable to when patching female end plug-in unit, promotes lock piece to move by the first connecting mechanism;Return member, be arranged between lock piece and the second connecting mechanism, suitable for male end plug-in unit and female end plug-in unit to in place when, promote lock piece self-return;Lock piece, suitable for after return, to male end plug-in unit locking.Pass through wire harness docking apparatus and automotive wire bundle assembly system, it is possible to achieve lock piece self-return, so as to avoid docking apparatus pairing not in place.

Description

Wire harness docking apparatus and automotive wire bundle assembly system
Technical field
The present invention relates to docking apparatus manufacturing field, more particularly to a kind of wire harness docking apparatus and automotive wire bundle assembling system System.
Background technology
In the wire harness docking apparatus that automobile uses at present, female end locking structure is mostly the structure with boss, and male end is then Mostly notch.Male end notch is clasped to timing female end boss and realizes locking.But when to locking, it is impossible on judging well Female end plug-in unit in structure and male end plug-in unit are stated whether to in place.When therefore, to docking apparatus, such as fail female end Plug-in unit and male end plug-in unit may result in failure, such as car light can not normally light or system report air bag is opened to being inserted into position Road etc..
The content of the invention
The problem of what the embodiment of the present invention solved is and how to avoid docking apparatus pairing not in place occurs.
To solve the above problems, the embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of wire harness docking apparatus, it is characterised in that including:Male end Plug-in unit;Female end plug-in unit;Lock piece, it is arranged on the female end plug-in unit, connection is may move with the female end plug-in unit, suitable for described Male end plug-in unit carries out automatic secondary locking;The first cavity for accommodating wire harness is respectively arranged with the male end plug-in unit and female end plug-in unit With the second cavity, and the first connecting mechanism and the second connecting mechanism being mutually adapted;The male end plug-in unit is suitable to patching During the female end plug-in unit, the lock piece is promoted to move by first connecting mechanism;Return member, it is arranged on the lock piece Between second connecting mechanism, suitable for the male end plug-in unit and the female end plug-in unit to in place when, promote the lock Stop member self-return;The lock piece, suitable for after return, secondary locking is carried out to the male end plug-in unit.
Optionally, first connecting mechanism is arranged on the outer surface of the male end plug-in unit;The second connecting mechanism bag Include the storage tank suitable for housing first connecting mechanism.
Optionally, the return member is spring;Second connecting mechanism is provided with the cavity for being suitable to house the spring; The lock piece is arranged on second connecting mechanism, and provided with the cylinder for being suitable to be placed in the spring.
Optionally, second connecting mechanism includes:Tongue piece, the tongue piece is towards the male end plug-in unit;On the tongue piece Provided with position limiting structure, suitable for limiting the moving range of the lock piece.
Optionally, the position limiting structure is the boss for being arranged at the tongue piece top.
Optionally, first connecting mechanism is provided with the first contact structures;The lock piece is provided with and described first The second contact structures and elastic piece structure that contact structures are adapted;The lock piece is in first contact structures and described the When two contact structures are inconsistent, move along the male end plug-in unit moving direction, and inserted in the male end plug-in unit with the female end Part to in place when, the elastic piece structure is lifted, and first contact structures and second contact structures depart from, and is made described Lock piece is under the active force of the return member, self-return locking.
Optionally, first contact structures are boss;Second contact structures are boss.
Optionally, first connecting mechanism also includes:Suitable for the lifting structure of tongue piece described in lifting, the lifting structure It is arranged at relatively described side of first contact structures away from the female end plug-in unit.
Optionally, the lifting structure is boss.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, present invention also offers a kind of automotive wire bundle assembly system, wherein, including:Line Beam, and above-mentioned wire harness docking apparatus;The wire harness passes through the wire harness docking apparatus grafting.
Compared with prior art, the technical scheme of the embodiment of the present invention has advantages below:
By the self-return of the lock piece, now male end plug-in unit and female end plug-in unit are can interpolate that out to in place, So as to prevent due to failure caused by not in place;Simultaneously by the return of lock piece, the locking to male end plug-in unit is realized, Effectively locking is avoided to thread off.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of each part of wire harness docking apparatus in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a kind of front view of female end plug-in unit in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is a kind of side view of male end plug-in unit in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is a kind of polycrystalline substance schematic diagram of lock piece in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is female end plug-in unit and the top view after return member assembling in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 6 be in the embodiment of the present invention male end plug-in unit and female end plug-in unit to schematic diagram;
Fig. 7 be in the embodiment of the present invention male end plug-in unit and female end plug-in unit to the structural representation with after.
Embodiment
In the existing docking apparatus patched for wire harness, usual female end plug-in unit can carry boss, and male end plug-in unit is then It is correspondingly provided with notch arrangement.Carried out by male end plug-in unit and female end plug-in unit to timing, i.e., by female end plug-in unit and male end plug-in unit phase To when patching, the boss of female end plug-in unit can clasp the notch of male end, realize the locking of docking apparatus.But this docking apparatus exists When patching, whether assembly crewman can not judge female end plug-in unit and male end plug-in unit well to in place, therefore female end plug-in unit It may be unclamped with male end plug-in unit, and cause the system failure.
In the embodiment of the present invention, add and can be led to the lock piece of self-return between male end plug-in unit and female end plug-in unit Cross the self-return of lock piece, whether can interpolate that male end plug-in unit and female end plug-in unit to in place, so as to prevent due to Failure caused by not in place.Pass through the self-return of the lock piece simultaneously, additionally it is possible to realize the locking to male end plug-in unit, have The problem of effect avoids locking from threading off.
It is understandable to enable the above objects, features and advantages of the present invention to become apparent, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings to the present invention Specific embodiment be described in detail.
The embodiments of the invention provide a kind of wire harness docking apparatus, reference picture 1, including:Male end plug-in unit 1, female end plug-in unit 2, Lock piece 3 and return member 4.Wherein, the lock piece 3 is arranged on the female end plug-in unit 2, may move with the female end plug-in unit Connection, suitable for carrying out automatic secondary locking to the male end plug-in unit 1.
The first cavity 11 and the second cavity 21 for accommodating wire harness are respectively arranged with the male end plug-in unit 1 and female end plug-in unit 2, And the first connecting mechanism 12 and the second connecting mechanism 22 being mutually adapted.The male end plug-in unit 1 is suitable to patching the mother When holding plug-in unit 2, the lock piece 3 is promoted to move by first connecting mechanism 12.
The return member 4 is arranged between the lock piece 3 and second plug structure 22, suitable for being inserted in the male end Part 1 and the female end plug-in unit 2 to in place when, promote the self-return of lock piece 3.
The lock piece 3, suitable for after return, to the locking of male end plug-in unit 1.
In the above-described embodiments, with reference to shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the both sides of the second plug structure 22 of the female end plug-in unit 2 can To be provided with the slot (221,222) being adapted with the both ends of lock piece 3 (31,32), so that the lock piece 3 can be by It is arranged on the female end plug-in unit 2, and can be moved along the direction of the slot.
In an embodiment of the present invention, as shown in figure 1, first connecting mechanism 12 is arranged on the male end plug-in unit 1 outer surface, second connecting mechanism 22 include being suitable to the storage tank 223 for housing first connecting mechanism 12.When described When male end plug-in unit 1 and the female end plug-in unit 2 accordingly dock, residing for first connecting mechanism 12 and the connecting mechanism 12 The outer surface of male end plug-in unit 1 enters in the storage tank 223 together.
In an embodiment of the present invention, as shown in Fig. 2 second connecting mechanism 22 can include:Described in The tongue piece 224 of male end plug-in unit 1, the lock piece 3 are arranged on the tongue piece 224.The tongue piece 224 is provided with position limiting structure, Suitable for limiting the moving range of the lock piece 3.
In the above-described embodiments, the position limiting structure can be boss, or any other can play and hinder the lock The structure that stop member 3 moves.
As an alternative embodiment, the position limiting structure can include being arranged at the of the top of tongue piece 224 One boss 2241., can be in the return of lock piece 3 by setting boss to be used as position limiting structure on the top of the tongue piece 224 During locking, stop the lock piece 3, so as to play a part of the limitation return distance of lock piece 3.
As another optional embodiment, the position limiting structure can also include being arranged at the tail end of tongue piece 224 Second boss 2242.By setting the first boss 2241 and second boss 2242 at the head and the tail both ends of the tongue piece 224 As position limiting structure, limit the return of lock piece 3 apart from while, limit the lock piece 3 and pushed away by the male end plug-in unit 1 Dynamic and mobile distance.
In an embodiment of the present invention, with reference to shown in Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, the first connecting mechanism 12 of the male end plug-in unit 1 Provided with the first contact structures 121.The lock piece 3 is provided with the second contact structures being adapted with first contact structures 121 33.The lock piece 3 is inserted when first contact structures 121 and second contact structures 33 are inconsistent along the male end The moving direction of part 1 moves, and the male end plug-in unit 1 and the female end plug-in unit 2 to in place when, the shell fragment knot of lock piece 3 Structure 36 is lifted, and departs from first contact structures 121 and second contact structures 33, makes the lock piece 3 described Under the active force of return member 4, self-return locking.In the above-described embodiment, first contact structures 121 and described second Contact structures 33 are to cooperate.For example, the quantity of the first contact structures 121 could be arranged to one, it can also be provided that It is multiple.Second contact structures 33 can also relative set be one, or relative set is multiple.As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, this reality Apply in example, the first contact structures 121 and the second contact structures 33 are disposed as two.
Specifically, first contact structures 121 can be boss, and second contact structures 33 can be boss. First contact structures 121 and second contact structures 33 can also be that any other can be collocated with each other, and play promotion The structure of effect.
Please continue to refer to Fig. 2 and Fig. 3.In an embodiment of the present invention, the first plug structure of the male end plug-in unit 1 12 are provided with the lifting structure 122 suitable for tongue piece 224 described in lifting.The lifting structure 122 is arranged at contacts knot with described first The relative other end in one end of structure 121 towards the female end plug-in unit 2.
In the above-described embodiment, because the set location of first contact structures 121 is compared to the lifting structure 122 closer to one end towards the female end plug-in unit 2, so first contact structures 121 can first encounter the lock piece 3 Second contact structures 33, and promote the lock piece 3 to move.The lock piece 3 is promoted to move in first contact structures 121 After one segment distance, the lifting structure 122 can just encounter the tongue piece 224, and tongue piece 224 described in lifting.
In the above-described embodiment, the lifting structure 122 can be a kind of boss, convex when the lifting structure 122 When platform encounters the tongue piece 224, jacking is played a part of to the tongue piece 224.Further, in order that the lifting structure 122 can smoothly tongue piece 224 described in lifting, prevent the lifting structure 122 and the tongue piece 224 from blocking because directly contradicting Extremely, the tongue piece 224 can not be jacked up, the boss of the lifting structure 122 can carry certain gradient, so as to slow Tongue piece 224 described in slow lifting.
In order that the tongue piece 224 of female end plug-in unit 2 is easy to by the 122 upward lifting of lifting structure of the male end plug-in unit 1, at this In a kind of optional embodiment of invention, the entirety of the tongue piece 224 or the female end plug-in unit 2 can select elastomer material Material is made, such as elastomeric material.
In one embodiment of this invention, with reference to shown in Fig. 2, Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, the return member 4 can be spring.It is described The cavity (225,226) for being suitable to house the spring of return member 4 is provided with second plug structure 22 of female end plug-in unit 2.The lock Stop member 3 is provided with the cylinder (34,35) for being suitable to be placed in the spring of return member 4.When the lock piece 3 is moved by external force, The spring of return member 4 produces deformation by compression, forms potential energy;The male end plug-in unit 1 and the female end plug-in unit 2 to in place when, The elastic piece structure 36 of the lock piece 3 is elevated, and causes the second contact structures 33 and the first contact structures 121 to be threaded off, in return Under the effect of the spring potential energy of part 4, after promoting the self-return of lock piece 3, it is compressed on the tongue piece 224, the male end is inserted Part 1 carries out automatic secondary locking, that is, shows that the docking apparatus has been fitted to position.
In the above-described embodiment, as shown in fig. 6, when by the male end plug-in unit 1 and the female end plug-in unit 2 carry out to When, the male end plug-in unit 1 moves to a directions, and promotes the second of the lock piece 3 by first contact structures 121 Contact structures (not shown) also moves to the direction of arrow.When the male end plug-in unit 1 moves forward, male end plug-in unit 1 On lifting structure 122 can encounter the tongue piece 224 of female end plug-in unit 2.It is described with continuing to move along for the male end plug-in unit 1 Lifting structure 122 gradually jacks up the tongue piece (not shown) of the female end plug-in unit 2.Therefore, it is arranged on the tongue piece The elastic piece structure 36 of lock piece 3 also can be correspondingly lifted.When the elastic piece structure 36 of the lock piece 3 is lifted to predetermined altitude Afterwards, the first contact structures 121 of the male end plug-in unit 1 and the second contact structures of the lock piece 3 disengage, now, institute Lock piece 3 is stated under the promotion of the active force of return member 4, male end plug-in unit 1 moving direction as shown by arrows from trend it is anti- Direction return rebounds, and pushes down the position limiting structure of the tongue piece 224 and stops, forming final its assembled form as shown in Figure 7.So as to The locking to the male end plug-in unit 1 is realized, effectively prevents the male end plug-in unit 1 from threading off.
In the male end plug-in unit and the female end plug-in unit to before in place, according to the direction of arrow as shown in Figure 6, the lock Second contact structures 33 of stop member are in the front of the first contact structures 121 of the male end plug-in unit.And in male end plug-in unit and the mother Plug-in unit is held to in place to after in place, as shown in fig. 7, the second contact structures 33 of the lock piece are in the male end plug-in unit The rear of first contact structures 121, both position relationships are changed.Now, when the male end plug-in unit 1 is moved rearwards When, described in the bulge-structure 2243 of (i.e. the lower section of the opposite face of Fig. 2 first boss 2241) can be withstood below the top of tongue piece 224 The lifting structure 122 of male end plug-in unit 1.Simultaneously again because the lock piece 3 is closely compressed on the tongue piece 224, described in guarantee Tongue piece 224 and the male end plug-in unit 1 will not be due to being upspring, so as to realize the locking to the male end plug-in unit 1, effectively by external force Prevent the male end plug-in unit 1 from threading off.
The embodiment of the invention also discloses a kind of automotive wire bundle assembly system, including:Wire harness, and wire harness patch dress Put, the wire harness realizes grafting by the wire harness docking apparatus.In specific implementation, the wire harness docking apparatus can use Wire harness docking apparatus in the various embodiments described above.
By the above embodiment of the present invention, can solve wire harness docking apparatus pair in automotive wire bundle assembly system well With it is not in place the problem of, so as to reduce because wire harness docking apparatus assembling it is not in place caused by fault rate.Especially for vapour The sensing element that car system plays an important role safely, such as the docking apparatus of crash sensor etc., using the embodiment of the present invention Wire harness docking apparatus, can ensure to patch assembling in place, so as to ensure traffic safety.
Although present disclosure is as above, the present invention is not limited to this.Any those skilled in the art, this is not being departed from In the spirit and scope of invention, it can make various changes or modifications, therefore protection scope of the present invention should be with claim institute The scope of restriction is defined.

Claims (7)

  1. A kind of 1. wire harness docking apparatus, it is characterised in that including:
    Male end plug-in unit;
    Female end plug-in unit;
    Lock piece, it is arranged on the female end plug-in unit, connection is may move with the female end plug-in unit, suitable for entering to the male end plug-in unit Row automatic secondary locking;
    The first cavity and the first connecting mechanism for accommodating wire harness are provided with the male end plug-in unit, is set on the female end plug-in unit There are the second cavity for accommodating wire harness and the second connecting mechanism being mutually adapted with first connecting mechanism;The male end plug-in unit Suitable for when patching the female end plug-in unit, promoting the lock piece to move by first connecting mechanism;
    Return member, it is arranged between the lock piece and second connecting mechanism, suitable in the male end plug-in unit and the mother Hold plug-in unit to in place when, promote the lock piece self-return;
    The lock piece, suitable for after return, secondary locking is carried out to the male end plug-in unit;
    Second connecting mechanism includes:Tongue piece, the tongue piece is towards the male end plug-in unit;The tongue piece is provided with spacing knot Structure, suitable for limiting the moving range of the lock piece;
    First connecting mechanism is provided with the first contact structures;The lock piece is provided with and mutually fitted with first contact structures The second contact structures and elastic piece structure matched somebody with somebody;The lock piece is in first contact structures and the second contact structures phase During conflict, moved along the male end plug-in unit moving direction, and the male end plug-in unit and the female end plug-in unit to in place when, The elastic piece structure is lifted, and first contact structures and second contact structures depart from, and make the lock piece described Under the active force of return member, self-return locking;
    First connecting mechanism also includes:Suitable for the lifting structure of tongue piece described in lifting, the lifting structure is arranged at relatively Side of first contact structures away from the female end plug-in unit.
  2. 2. wire harness docking apparatus as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that first connecting mechanism is arranged on the male end The outer surface of plug-in unit;Second connecting mechanism includes being suitable to the storage tank for housing first connecting mechanism.
  3. 3. wire harness docking apparatus as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that
    The return member is spring;
    Second connecting mechanism is provided with the cavity for being suitable to house the spring;
    The lock piece is arranged on second connecting mechanism, and provided with the cylinder for being suitable to be placed in the spring.
  4. 4. wire harness docking apparatus as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the position limiting structure is to be arranged at the tongue piece top The boss at end.
  5. 5. wire harness docking apparatus as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that first contact structures are boss;Described Two contact structures are boss.
  6. 6. wire harness docking apparatus as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the lifting structure is boss.
  7. A kind of 7. automotive wire bundle assembly system, it is characterised in that including:Wire harness, and as described in claim any one of 1-6 Wire harness docking apparatus;The wire harness passes through the wire harness docking apparatus grafting.
CN201410448560.3A 2014-09-04 2014-09-04 Wire harness docking apparatus and automotive wire bundle assembly system Active CN105459925B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410448560.3A CN105459925B (en) 2014-09-04 2014-09-04 Wire harness docking apparatus and automotive wire bundle assembly system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410448560.3A CN105459925B (en) 2014-09-04 2014-09-04 Wire harness docking apparatus and automotive wire bundle assembly system

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CN105459925A CN105459925A (en) 2016-04-06
CN105459925B true CN105459925B (en) 2017-12-22

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107230896B (en) * 2017-05-26 2018-12-14 安徽江淮汽车集团股份有限公司 Wire bundle plug-in connector
CN107257044B (en) * 2017-06-14 2019-02-19 安徽江淮汽车集团股份有限公司 Automotive wire bundle plug-in unit with terminal anti-drop function
CN107323376B (en) * 2017-06-29 2019-08-06 安徽江淮汽车集团股份有限公司 Automotive wire bundle plug-in unit
CN109050442B (en) * 2018-08-15 2021-07-06 安徽奥丰汽车配件有限公司 Automobile rubber wire passing dustproof sheath

Family Cites Families (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP3155189B2 (en) * 1996-02-09 2001-04-09 住友電装株式会社 connector
JP2007335328A (en) * 2006-06-16 2007-12-27 Sumitomo Wiring Syst Ltd Fitting member
JP5653150B2 (en) * 2010-09-16 2015-01-14 矢崎総業株式会社 Half-mating prevention connector
CN202094415U (en) * 2011-02-25 2011-12-28 泰科电子(上海)有限公司 Pin connector and connector component
CN102856732B (en) * 2011-06-29 2016-06-22 比亚迪股份有限公司 A kind of cable connecting arrangement
CN202282504U (en) * 2011-10-21 2012-06-20 比亚迪股份有限公司 Connector

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