CN105415420A - Numerical-control diamond wire cutter capable of being used for cutting specially-shaped lines - Google Patents

Numerical-control diamond wire cutter capable of being used for cutting specially-shaped lines Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105415420A
CN105415420A CN201510960769.2A CN201510960769A CN105415420A CN 105415420 A CN105415420 A CN 105415420A CN 201510960769 A CN201510960769 A CN 201510960769A CN 105415420 A CN105415420 A CN 105415420A
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China
Prior art keywords
diamond wire
guide wheel
stepper motor
cutting
numerical
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Application number
CN201510960769.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105415420B (en
Inventor
罗建军
罗美桃
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罗建军
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D1/00Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor
    • B26D1/01Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work
    • B26D1/547Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work having a wire-like cutting member
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D7/00Details of apparatus for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D7/06Arrangements for feeding or delivering work of other than sheet, web, or filamentary form
    • B26D7/0616Arrangements for feeding or delivering work of other than sheet, web, or filamentary form by carriages, e.g. for slicing machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D7/00Details of apparatus for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D7/26Means for mounting or adjusting the cutting member; Means for adjusting the stroke of the cutting member
    • B26D7/2614Means for mounting the cutting member

Abstract

The invention provides a numerical-control diamond wire cutter capable of being used for cutting specially-shaped lines. A supporting guide wheel capable of rotating in a radial direction is mounted at each of the lower end of an upper bracket front end fixed guide wheel and the upper end of a lower bracket front end fixed guide wheel of a supporting frame; V-shaped slots of the two supporting guide wheels are used for supporting a perpendicular section of a wire body of a diamond wire for cutting a workpiece; radial rotation of the supporting guide wheels is realized by driving wheel racks of the supporting guide wheels by virtue of a precision speed reducer; and the precision speed reducer is driven by a step motor through a synchronous belt. A numerical-control system for the machine controls upper and lower supporting guide wheels to synchronously rotate according to a feeding direction of the cut workpiece, so that the stress direction of the diamond wire is always opposite to a radial direction of the supporting guide wheels, and therefore, the diamond wire is guaranteed to be positioned stably; meanwhile, the numerical-control system controls an XY sliding table to drive feeding of the cut workpiece, so that numerical-control cutting for various specially-shaped lines can be realized, and therefore, the numerical-control diamond wire cutter can be used for automatically cutting various specially-shaped products, is wide in application, and is extremely great in economic value.

Description

A kind ofly can be used for the numerical control diamond wire saw machine cutting special-shaped lines
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of numerical control diamond wire saw machine, specifically a kind ofly can be used for the numerical control diamond wire saw machine cutting special-shaped lines.
Background technology
At present, using diamond wire saw machine to cut various material applies very universal, the basic functional principle of diamond wire saw machine is: diamond wire extends on cut material by four stator rings on wire storage cylinder, support, diamond wire is driven to move back and forth by wire storage cylinder high speed reciprocating operation, by automatically controlling workbench to the constantly feeding of diamond wire direction, diamond wire is contacted with cut workpiece, and cut workpiece is cut because being subject to the ablation of diamond wire.Diamond wire saw machine structure is simple, easy to use, but, normal diamond wire cutting machine is on the market fixing owing to supporting the guide wheel of diamond wire, cut workpiece can only carry out simple straight cuts along the feeding of diamond wire guide wheel radial direction, cutting for some special-shaped lines is not smooth, this is because when cutting special-shaped lines, if the direction of feed of cut workpiece deviate from diamond wire guide wheel radial direction, the pressure of diamond wire will be made to be added in the lateral location of guide wheel V-type groove, make guide wheel V-type groove flank wear and produce gap, cause guide wheel accurately cannot locate diamond wire, diamond wire position is caused to offset, any swing, cannot accurately locate, cutting work can not be completed well.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the problem, the numerical control diamond wire saw machine that the radial direction that the invention provides a kind of diamond wire support guide wheel can be rotated automatically with the change of cut workpiece direction of feed, by the control of digital control system, make the Impact direction of diamond wire all the time just to the radial direction supporting guide wheel, ensure the stable of diamond wire location, driven the feeding of cut workpiece simultaneously by digital control system control XY slide unit, the various special-shaped lines of Numerical control cutting can be realized.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is as follows:
A kind ofly can be used for the numerical control diamond wire saw machine cutting special-shaped lines, comprise fuselage, body upper is provided with XY slide unit, the top of XY slide unit is provided with workbench, body upper side is provided with bracing frame, bracing frame is provided with wire storage cylinder winding mechanism, bracing frame upper, the rear and front end of lower carriage is respectively provided with a stator ring, diamond wire two ends are wound on the upper of wire storage cylinder winding mechanism respectively, on lower two wire storage cylinders, diamond wire line body is then successively around in the V-type groove of each stator ring outer, it is characterized in that: being respectively provided with one in the lower end of bracing frame upper bracket front end stator ring and the upper end of lower carriage front end stator ring can the support guide wheel of radial rotating, support guide wheel and be provided with V-type groove, on, lower two support guide wheel is symmetrical arranged, the V-shaped groove supporting guide wheel by two supports diamond wire line body vertical section, the radial rotating supporting guide wheel is driven support guide wheel wheel carrier by accurate retarding machine, accurate retarding machine is driven by Timing Belt by stepper motor, described stepper motor is furnished with corresponding servo drive system, on being controlled by the servo drive system of digital control system to two stepper motors of this cutting machine and then realized, lower two support the radial synchronous axial system of guide wheel.
Further, described XY slide unit is driven by X-axis stepper motor and y-axis stepper motor, X-axis stepper motor and y-axis stepper motor are all furnished with corresponding servo drive system and are controlled by the digital control system of this cutting machine, and two stepper motors of X-axis stepper motor, y-axis stepper motor and upper and lower support guide wheel are linked by the digital control system control realization of this cutting machine.
Further, described accurate retarding machine adopts the platform-type reductor of hollow rotating, and the vertical section of diamond wire line body passes the centre bore of hollow rotating platform and is supported in the V-type groove of support guide wheel.
Numerical control diamond wire saw machine of the present invention can the support guide wheel of radial rotating by be respectively provided with one in the lower end of bracing frame upper bracket front end stator ring and the upper end of lower carriage front end stator ring, control upper and lower two by the digital control system of this cutting machine according to the direction of feed of cut workpiece and support guide wheel synchronous axial system, make the Impact direction of diamond wire all the time just to the radial direction supporting guide wheel, ensure the stable of diamond wire location, driven the feeding of cut workpiece simultaneously by digital control system control XY slide unit, the various special-shaped lines of Numerical control cutting can be realized.Therefore, this numerical control diamond wire saw machine can the product of the various abnormity of surface trimming, and be widely used, economic worth is very big.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is perspective view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the perspective view after the present invention removes workbench.
Fig. 3 is the perspective view dorsad of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is the positive direction view of Fig. 2.
Fig. 5 is upper and lower two schematic diagrames supporting guide wheel and drive part thereof.
The schematic diagram of abrasion condition when Fig. 6 is guide wheel V-type groove radial force.
The schematic diagram of abrasion condition when Fig. 7 is guide wheel V-type groove lateral force.
In figure: 1-fuselage, 2-XY slide unit, 3-workbench, 4-bracing frame, 5-wire storage cylinder winding mechanism, 6-upper bracket, 7-lower carriage, 8-stator ring, 9-diamond wire, 10-wire storage cylinder, 11-supports guide wheel, and 12-supports guide wheel wheel carrier, 13-accurate retarding machine, 14-stepper motor, 15-Y shaft step motor, 16-X shaft step motor, 17-wire storage cylinder support, 18-wire storage cylinder slide unit, 19-wire storage cylinder stepper motor, 20-wire storage cylinder motor, 21-Timing Belt, F-workpiece direction of feed.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention will be further described.
As shown in Figures 1 to 5, numerical control diamond wire saw machine of the present invention comprises fuselage 1, XY slide unit 2 is provided with above fuselage 1, the top of XY slide unit 2 is provided with workbench 3, bracing frame 4 is provided with at the upper side of fuselage 1, bracing frame 4 is provided with wire storage cylinder winding mechanism 5, the rear and front end of the upper and lower support 6,7 of bracing frame 4 is respectively provided with a stator ring 8, diamond wire 9 two ends are wound on upper and lower two wire storage cylinders 10 of wire storage cylinder winding mechanism 5 respectively, and diamond wire 9 line body is then successively around in the V-type groove of each stator ring 8 outer.
Respectively being provided with one in the upper end of the lower end of bracing frame upper bracket 6 front end stator ring 8 and lower carriage 7 front end stator ring 8 can the support guide wheel 11 of radial rotating, support guide wheel 11 and be provided with V-type groove, on, lower two support guide wheel 11 is symmetrical arranged, the V-shaped groove supporting guide wheel 11 by two supports diamond wire 9 line body vertical section, the radial rotating supporting guide wheel 11 is driven support guide wheel wheel carrier 12 by accurate retarding machine 13, accurate retarding machine 13 adopts the platform-type reductor of hollow rotating, diamond wire 9 line body vertical section passes the centre bore of hollow rotating platform and is supported in the V-type groove of support guide wheel 11.Accurate retarding machine 13 is driven by Timing Belt 21 by stepper motor 14, described stepper motor 14 is furnished with corresponding servo drive system, controls and then realizes upper and lower two support the radial synchronous axial system of guide wheel 11 by the servo drive system of digital control system to two stepper motors 14 of this cutting machine.
Described XY slide unit 2 is driven by X-axis stepper motor 16 and y-axis stepper motor 15, and X-axis stepper motor 16 and y-axis stepper motor 15 are all furnished with corresponding servo drive system and are controlled by the digital control system of this cutting machine; Two stepper motors 14 of described X-axis stepper motor 16, y-axis stepper motor 15 and upper and lower support guide wheel 11 are linked by the digital control system control realization of this cutting machine.
The wire storage cylinder winding mechanism 5 of this numerical control diamond wire saw machine comprises wire storage cylinder 10, wire storage cylinder support 17 and wire storage cylinder slide unit 18, upper and lower two wire storage cylinders 10 are laterally slidably connected on wire storage cylinder slide unit 18 by wire storage cylinder support 17, the rotation of wire storage cylinder 10 is controlled by wire storage cylinder motor 20, and the traversing slip of wire storage cylinder support 17 is controlled by wire storage cylinder stepper motor 19.Be wound on diamond wire 9 on wire storage cylinder 10 successively by upper bracket 6 rear end stator ring 8, upper bracket 6 front end stator ring 8, upper accurate retarding machine 13, upper support guide wheel 11, lower support guide wheel 11, lower accurate retarding machine 13, lower carriage 7 front end stator ring 8, after lower carriage 7 rear end stator ring 8, rolling is on lower wire storage cylinder 10, cut workpiece is used at the two diamond wire 9 line body vertical sections supported between guide wheel 11, control corresponding servo-drive system by digital control system to drive wire storage cylinder motor 20 and wire storage cylinder stepper motor 19, can realize, lower wire storage cylinder 10 1 puts silk one receipts silk and synchronous operation, wire storage cylinder support 17 transverse reciprocating on wire storage cylinder slide unit 18 slides simultaneously, make that diamond wire 9 is closely orderly to be arranged on wire storage cylinder 10.
When this numerical control diamond wire saw machine uses, cut workpiece is placed on workbench 3, digital control system controls two stepper motor 14 Union Movements of X-axis stepper motor 16, y-axis stepper motor 15 and upper and lower support guide wheel 11, the workpiece feeding on workbench 3 is driven by XY slide unit 2, and the radial direction of upper and lower support guide wheel 11 can be rotated automatically with the change of cut workpiece direction of feed, make the Impact direction of diamond wire 9 all the time just to the radial direction supporting guide wheel 11, ensure that diamond wire 9 is located stable.Can see from Fig. 6 and Fig. 7, the stator ring 8 of common diamond wire saw machine makes radial rotating owing to can not follow workpiece direction of feed, when cut workpiece is along stator ring 8 radial feed, diamond wire 9 wearing and tearing V-type groove center position, the position of diamond wire 9 is stable, can not swing; When cut workpiece departs from stator ring 8 radial direction from sideway feed, diamond wire 9 can fall V-type groove flank wear, and produce gap, diamond wire 9 cannot be felt relieved and vacillate now to the left, now to the right, and cannot complete cutting.And this numerical control diamond wire saw machine is owing to being provided with the support guide wheel 11 can following workpiece direction of feed radial rotating, make cut workpiece all the time along just to the direction feeding supporting guide wheel 11 radial direction, thus avoid the generation of wear phenomenon as shown in Figure 7, therefore, this numerical control diamond wire saw machine is specially adapted to cut the special-shaped lines that various direction of feed constantly changes.
Above-mentioned legend is only exemplary embodiments of the present invention, is not limited to the present invention, and all any amendments done within the spirit and principles in the present invention, equivalent replacement and improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. one kind can be used for the numerical control diamond wire saw machine cutting special-shaped lines, comprise fuselage (1), fuselage (1) top is provided with XY slide unit (2), the top of XY slide unit (2) is provided with workbench (3), fuselage (1) upper side is provided with bracing frame (4), bracing frame (4) is provided with wire storage cylinder winding mechanism (5), bracing frame (4) upper, lower carriage (6, 7) rear and front end is respectively provided with a stator ring (8), diamond wire (9) two ends are wound on the upper of wire storage cylinder winding mechanism (5) respectively, on lower two wire storage cylinders (10), diamond wire (9) line body is then successively around in the V-type groove of each stator ring (8) outer, it is characterized in that: being respectively provided with one in the lower end of bracing frame upper bracket (6) front end stator ring (8) and the upper end of lower carriage (7) front end stator ring (8) can the support guide wheel (11) of radial rotating, support guide wheel (11) and be provided with V-type groove, on, lower two support guide wheel (11) is symmetrical arranged, the V-shaped groove supporting guide wheel (11) by two supports diamond wire (9) line body vertical section, the radial rotating supporting guide wheel (11) is driven support guide wheel wheel carrier (12) by accurate retarding machine (13), accurate retarding machine (13) is driven by Timing Belt (21) by stepper motor (14), described stepper motor (14) is furnished with corresponding servo drive system, on being controlled by the servo drive system of digital control system to two stepper motors (14) of this cutting machine and then realized, lower two support guide wheel (11) radial synchronous axial system.
2. numerical control diamond wire saw machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described XY slide unit (2) is driven by X-axis stepper motor (16) and y-axis stepper motor (15), X-axis stepper motor (16) and y-axis stepper motor (15) are all furnished with corresponding servo drive system and are controlled by the digital control system of this cutting machine; Two stepper motors (14) of described X-axis stepper motor (16), y-axis stepper motor (15) and upper and lower support guide wheel (11) are linked by the digital control system control realization of this cutting machine.
3. numerical control diamond wire saw machine according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described accurate retarding machine (13) adopts the platform-type reductor of hollow rotating, the vertical section of diamond wire (9) line body passes the centre bore of hollow rotating platform and is supported in the V-type groove of support guide wheel (11).
CN201510960769.2A 2015-12-21 2015-12-21 A kind of numerical control diamond wire saw machine that can be used to cut special-shaped lines Active CN105415420B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510960769.2A CN105415420B (en) 2015-12-21 2015-12-21 A kind of numerical control diamond wire saw machine that can be used to cut special-shaped lines

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CN105415420B CN105415420B (en) 2017-04-05

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109297798A (en) * 2018-08-29 2019-02-01 中国石油大学(北京) The method for removing core sample skin damage
CN109732669A (en) * 2019-03-20 2019-05-10 陶冬兰 A kind of process equipment of light building material cutting

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2008138064A1 (en) * 2007-05-14 2008-11-20 Wintech International Pty Ltd A dual path cutting machine
TW201125702A (en) * 2010-01-20 2011-08-01 Pi-Wen Wang Wire winding system for wire cut processing machine and wire supply method thereof
CN103358355A (en) * 2012-03-28 2013-10-23 吴本辉 Circular foam plate forming machine
CN203919147U (en) * 2014-07-08 2014-11-05 曹建华 Automatic vegetable cutting machine
CN204309053U (en) * 2014-12-07 2015-05-06 遵义市宝海农用物资研发有限公司 Special-shaped foam cutting machine
CN104890036A (en) * 2015-06-29 2015-09-09 泰州市晨虹数控设备制造有限公司 Horizontal diamond wire cutting machine tool
CN104924337A (en) * 2015-06-13 2015-09-23 郑运婷 Rice paper cutting robot device
CN105034053A (en) * 2015-07-14 2015-11-11 岳伟栋 Diamond sand line cutting machine
CN205219247U (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-05-11 罗建军 Can be used to cut numerical control diamond wire cutting machine of special -shaped lines

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2008138064A1 (en) * 2007-05-14 2008-11-20 Wintech International Pty Ltd A dual path cutting machine
TW201125702A (en) * 2010-01-20 2011-08-01 Pi-Wen Wang Wire winding system for wire cut processing machine and wire supply method thereof
CN103358355A (en) * 2012-03-28 2013-10-23 吴本辉 Circular foam plate forming machine
CN203919147U (en) * 2014-07-08 2014-11-05 曹建华 Automatic vegetable cutting machine
CN204309053U (en) * 2014-12-07 2015-05-06 遵义市宝海农用物资研发有限公司 Special-shaped foam cutting machine
CN104924337A (en) * 2015-06-13 2015-09-23 郑运婷 Rice paper cutting robot device
CN104890036A (en) * 2015-06-29 2015-09-09 泰州市晨虹数控设备制造有限公司 Horizontal diamond wire cutting machine tool
CN105034053A (en) * 2015-07-14 2015-11-11 岳伟栋 Diamond sand line cutting machine
CN205219247U (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-05-11 罗建军 Can be used to cut numerical control diamond wire cutting machine of special -shaped lines

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109297798A (en) * 2018-08-29 2019-02-01 中国石油大学(北京) The method for removing core sample skin damage
CN109732669A (en) * 2019-03-20 2019-05-10 陶冬兰 A kind of process equipment of light building material cutting

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