CN105415420B - A kind of numerical control diamond wire saw machine that can be used to cut special-shaped lines - Google Patents

A kind of numerical control diamond wire saw machine that can be used to cut special-shaped lines Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105415420B
CN105415420B CN201510960769.2A CN201510960769A CN105415420B CN 105415420 B CN105415420 B CN 105415420B CN 201510960769 A CN201510960769 A CN 201510960769A CN 105415420 B CN105415420 B CN 105415420B
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guide wheel
diamond wire
machine
support guide
numerical control
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CN105415420A (en
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罗建军
罗美桃
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罗建军
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D1/00Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor
    • B26D1/01Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work
    • B26D1/547Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work having a wire-like cutting member
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D7/00Details of apparatus for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D7/06Arrangements for feeding or delivering work of other than sheet, web, or filamentary form
    • B26D7/0616Arrangements for feeding or delivering work of other than sheet, web, or filamentary form by carriages, e.g. for slicing machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D7/00Details of apparatus for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D7/26Means for mounting or adjusting the cutting member; Means for adjusting the stroke of the cutting member
    • B26D7/2614Means for mounting the cutting member

Abstract

The invention provides a kind of numerical control diamond wire saw machine that can be used to cut special-shaped lines, its the upper end of the lower end of the upper bracket front end stator ring of bracing frame and lower carriage front end stator ring be respectively provided with one can radial rotating support guide wheel, the diamond wire line body vertical section for cutting workpiece is supported by the V-shaped groove of two support guide wheels, the radial rotating of guide wheel is supported to be driven to support guide wheel wheel carrier by accurate retarding machine, accurate retarding machine is driven by Timing Belt by motor.The digital control system of the machine supports guide wheel synchronous axial system according to the direction of feed control upper and lower two for being cut workpiece, make the Impact direction of diamond wire all the time just to supporting the radial direction of guide wheel, ensure diamond wire positioning stablity, control XY slide units to drive the feeding of cut workpiece by digital control system simultaneously, you can realize the various special-shaped lines of Numerical control cutting.Therefore, the machine is capable of the product of the various abnormity of surface trimming, is widely used, and economic worth is very big.

Description

A kind of numerical control diamond wire saw machine that can be used to cut special-shaped lines
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of numerical control diamond wire saw machine, specifically a kind of numerical control gold that can be used to cut special-shaped lines Hard rock wire cutting machine.
Background technology
At present, various materials is cut using diamond wire saw machine and apply to popularize very much, diamond wire is cut The basic functional principle of cutting mill is:Diamond wire is extended on cut material by four stator rings on wire storage cylinder, support, Diamond wire is driven to move back and forth by wire storage cylinder high speed reciprocating operation, by automatically controlling workbench to diamond wire direction not Feed disconnectedly, make diamond wire contact with cut workpiece, cut workpiece quilt because of the ablation by diamond wire Cutting.Diamond wire saw machine simple structure, it is easy to use, however, normal diamond wire cutting machine on the market is due to supporting The guide wheel of diamond wire is fixed, and cut workpiece can only carry out simple straight line along diamond wire guide wheel radial direction Cutting, it is not smooth for the cutting of some special-shaped lines, this is because in the special-shaped lines of cutting, if being cut workpiece Direction of feed deviate from diamond wire guide wheel radial direction, and the pressure of diamond wire will be made to be added in the side position of guide wheel V-groove Put, make guide wheel V-groove flank wear and produce gap, cause guide wheel be accurately positioned diamond wire, cause diamond wire position Put skew, arbitrarily swing, it is impossible to be accurately positioned, it is impossible to complete well to cut work.
The content of the invention
In order to solve the above problems, the invention provides a kind of radial direction of diamond wire support guide wheel can be with cut workpiece The change of direction of feed and the numerical control diamond wire saw machine that rotates automatically, by the control of digital control system, make diamond wire Impact direction radial direction all the time just to support guide wheel, it is ensured that what diamond wire was positioned stablizes, while by digital control system control XY slide units are driving the feeding of cut workpiece, you can realize the various special-shaped lines of Numerical control cutting.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is as follows:
A kind of numerical control diamond wire saw machine that can be used to cut special-shaped lines, including fuselage, body upper are provided with XY cunnings Platform, is provided with workbench above XY slide units, body upper side is provided with bracing frame, and bracing frame is provided with wire storage cylinder winding mechanism, The rear and front end of the upper and lower support of bracing frame is respectively provided with a stator ring, and diamond wire two ends are rolled up wound on wire storage cylinder respectively On upper and lower two wire storage cylinder of mechanism, and diamond wire line body is then wound in the V-groove of each stator ring outer successively, and which is special Levying is:In bracing frame upper bracket front end the lower end of stator ring and the upper end of lower carriage front end stator ring be respectively provided with one can The support guide wheel of radial rotating, supports guide wheel to be provided with V-groove, and upper and lower two supports guide wheel is symmetrical arranged, and supports guide wheel by two V-shaped groove is supported to diamond wire line body vertical section, support guide wheel radial rotating by accurate retarding machine to support guide wheel wheel Frame is driven, and accurate retarding machine is driven by Timing Belt by motor, and the motor is furnished with corresponding servo Drive system, is controlled to the servo drive system of two motors and then is realized by the digital control system of this cutting machine and be upper and lower Two support guide wheel radial direction synchronous axial system.
Further, the XY slide units are driven by X-axis motor and y-axis stepper motor, X-axis motor and Y Shaft step motor is provided with corresponding servo drive system and is controlled by the digital control system of this cutting machine, X-axis motor, Two motors of y-axis stepper motor and upper and lower support guide wheel are linked by the digital control system control realization of this cutting machine.
Further, the accurate retarding machine adopts the platform-type reductor of hollow rotating, the vertical section of diamond wire line body Through hollow rotating platform centre bore and be supported on support guide wheel V-groove in.
The numerical control diamond wire saw machine of the present invention is by the lower end of bracing frame upper bracket front end stator ring and lower The upper end of frame front end stator ring be respectively provided with one can radial rotating support guide wheel, by this cutting machine digital control system according to The direction of feed control upper and lower two of cut workpiece supports guide wheel synchronous axial system, makes the Impact direction of diamond wire just right all the time Support the radial direction of guide wheel, it is ensured that what diamond wire was positioned stablizes, while being cut to drive by digital control system control XY slide units Cut the feeding of workpiece, you can realize the various special-shaped lines of Numerical control cutting.Therefore, this numerical control diamond wire saw machine can be cut automatically The product of various abnormity is cut, is widely used, economic worth is very big.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the dimensional structure diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the dimensional structure diagram after the present invention removes workbench.
Dorsad dimensional structure diagrams of the Fig. 3 for Fig. 2.
Positive direction views of the Fig. 4 for Fig. 2.
Fig. 5 is upper and lower two schematic diagrams for supporting guide wheel and its drive part.
The schematic diagram of abrasion condition when Fig. 6 is guide wheel V-groove radial force.
The schematic diagram of abrasion condition when Fig. 7 is guide wheel V-groove lateral force.
In figure:1- fuselages, 2-XY slide units, 3- workbench, 4- bracing frames, 5- wire storage cylinder winding mechanisms, 6- upper brackets, under 7- Support, 8- stator rings, 9- diamond wires, 10- wire storage cylinders, 11- support guide wheel, 12- to support guide wheel wheel carrier, and 13- is accurate to slow down Machine, 14- motors, 15-Y shaft step motors, 16-X shaft step motors, 17- steel wire storage tube stents, 18- wire storage cylinder slide units, 19- Wire storage cylinder motor, 20- wire storage cylinder motors, 21- Timing Belts, F- workpiece directions of feed.
Specific embodiment
The present invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
As shown in Figures 1 to 5, numerical control diamond wire saw machine of the invention includes fuselage 1, and XY cunnings are provided with above fuselage 1 Platform 2, the top of XY slide units 2 are provided with workbench 3, and bracing frame 4 is provided with the upper side of fuselage 1, and bracing frame 4 is provided with wire storage cylinder winding Mechanism 5, the rear and front end of the upper and lower support 6,7 of bracing frame 4 are respectively provided with a stator ring 8, and 9 two ends of diamond wire are rolled up respectively It is wound on upper and lower two wire storage cylinder 10 of wire storage cylinder winding mechanism 5, and 9 line body of diamond wire is then wound on outside each stator ring 8 successively In the V-groove on edge.
In the lower end of 6 front end stator ring 8 of bracing frame upper bracket and lower carriage, the upper end of 7 front end stator ring 8 is respectively installed Have one can radial rotating support guide wheel 11, support guide wheel 11 to be provided with V-groove, upper and lower two supports guide wheel 11 is symmetrical arranged, 9 line body vertical section of diamond wire is supported by the V-shaped groove of two support guide wheels 11, the radial rotating of guide wheel 11 is supported by precision 13 pairs of support guide wheel wheel carriers 12 of reductor drive, and accurate retarding machine 13 adopts the platform-type reductor of hollow rotating, diamond 9 line body vertical section of line passes through the centre bore of hollow rotating platform and is supported in the V-groove for supporting guide wheel 11.Accurate retarding machine 13 It is driven by Timing Belt 21 by motor 14, the motor 14 is furnished with corresponding servo drive system, by originally cutting The digital control system of cutting mill is controlled to the servo drive system of two motors 14 and then realizes that upper and lower two support 11 footpath of guide wheel To synchronous axial system.
The XY slide units 2 are driven by X-axis motor 16 and y-axis stepper motor 15, X-axis motor 16 and Y-axis Motor 15 is provided with corresponding servo drive system and is controlled by the digital control system of this cutting machine;The X-axis stepping Motor 16, y-axis stepper motor 15 and upper and lower two motors 14 for supporting guide wheel 11 are real by the digital control system control of this cutting machine Now link.
The wire storage cylinder winding mechanism 5 of this numerical control diamond wire saw machine includes wire storage cylinder 10, steel wire storage tube stent 17 and steel wire storage Cylinder slide unit 18, upper and lower two wire storage cylinder 10 are slid laterally by steel wire storage tube stent 17 and are connected on wire storage cylinder slide unit 18, wire storage cylinder 10 Rotation be controlled by wire storage cylinder motor 20, the traversing slip of steel wire storage tube stent 17 is controlled by wire storage cylinder motor 19 System.Diamond wire 9 on upper wire storage cylinder 10 passes sequentially through 6 rear end stator ring 8 of upper bracket, 6 front end of upper bracket and fixes Guide wheel 8, upper accurate retarding machine 13, upper support guide wheel 11, lower support guide wheel 11, lower accurate retarding machine 13,7 front end of lower carriage are fixed Wind after guide wheel 8,7 rear end stator ring 8 of lower carriage on lower wire storage cylinder 10, the diamond wire 9 between guide wheel 11 is supported two Line body vertical section is used to cut workpiece, controls corresponding servosystem by digital control system and wire storage cylinder motor 20 and wire storage cylinder are walked Stepper motor 19 is driven, and is capable of achieving upper and lower wire storage cylinder 10 1 and puts one receipts silk of silk and run simultaneously, while steel wire storage tube stent 17 on wire storage cylinder slide unit 18 transverse reciprocating slide, make that diamond wire 9 is closely orderly to be arranged on wire storage cylinder 10.
When this numerical control diamond wire saw machine is used, cut workpiece is placed on workbench 3, digital control system control X-axis Motor 16, y-axis stepper motor 15 and upper and lower two motors, 14 associated movement for supporting guide wheel 11, are driven by XY slide units 2 Workpiece feeding on workbench 3, and the upper and lower radial direction for supporting guide wheel 11 can be automatic with the change of cut workpiece direction of feed Rotate, make the Impact direction of diamond wire 9 all the time just to supporting the radial direction of guide wheel 11, it is ensured that the positioning of diamond wire 9 it is steady It is fixed.Can see from Fig. 6 and Fig. 7, the stator ring 8 of common diamond wire saw machine is due to following workpiece direction of feed Make radial rotating, when cut workpiece is along 8 radial feed of stator ring, 9 abrasion V-groove centers of diamond wire, gold The position of hard rock line 9 is stable, will not be swung;When cut workpiece deviates 8 radial direction of stator ring from sideway feed, Diamond wire 9 can fall V-groove flank wear, produce gap, and diamond wire 9 cannot be felt relieved and be vacillated now to the left, now to the right, it is impossible to complete to cut Cut.And this numerical control diamond wire saw machine is due to being provided with the support guide wheel 11 that can follow workpiece direction of feed radial rotating, make by Cutting workpiece is fed along the direction just to supporting 11 radial direction of guide wheel all the time, so as to avoid the generation of wear phenomenon as shown in Figure 7, Therefore, this numerical control diamond wire saw machine is particularly well-suited to cut the special-shaped lines that various directions of feed are continually changing.
Above-mentioned legend is only the exemplary embodiments of the present invention, is not limited to the present invention, all spirit in the present invention and Any modification, equivalent and improvement for being made within principle etc., should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of numerical control diamond wire saw machine that can be used to cut special-shaped lines, including fuselage(1), fuselage(1)Top is provided with XY slide units(2), XY slide units(2)Top be provided with workbench(3), fuselage(1)Upper side is provided with bracing frame(4), bracing frame(4) It is provided with wire storage cylinder winding mechanism(5), bracing frame(4)Upper and lower support(6、7)Rear and front end be respectively provided with a stator ring (8), diamond wire(9)Two ends are respectively wound on wire storage cylinder winding mechanism(5)Upper and lower two wire storage cylinder(10)On, and diamond Line(9)Line body is then wound on each stator ring successively(8)In the V-groove of outer, it is characterized in that:In bracing frame upper bracket(6)Front end Stator ring(8)Lower end and lower carriage(7)Front end stator ring(8)Upper end be respectively provided with one can radial rotating support Guide wheel(11), support guide wheel(11)V-groove is provided with, upper and lower two support guide wheel(11)Be symmetrical arranged, guide wheel is supported by two(11) V-shaped groove to diamond wire(9)Line body vertical section is supported, and supports guide wheel(11)Radial rotating by accurate retarding machine(13) To supporting guide wheel wheel carrier(12)Driven, accurate retarding machine(13)By motor(14)By Timing Belt(21)Driven It is dynamic, the motor(14)It is furnished with corresponding servo drive system, by the digital control system of this cutting machine to two motors (14)Servo drive system be controlled so that realize it is upper and lower two support guide wheel(11)Radial direction synchronous axial system.
2. numerical control diamond wire saw machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that:The XY slide units(2)By X-axis stepping electricity Machine(16)And y-axis stepper motor(15)It is driven, X-axis motor(16)And y-axis stepper motor(15)It is provided with corresponding Servo drive system is simultaneously controlled by the digital control system of this cutting machine;The X-axis motor(16), y-axis stepper motor (15)With upper and lower support guide wheel(11)Two motors(14)Linked by the digital control system control realization of this cutting machine.
3. numerical control diamond wire saw machine according to claim 2, is characterized in that:The accurate retarding machine(13)Using in Empty rotary platform type reductor, diamond wire(9)The vertical section of line body passes through the centre bore of hollow rotating platform and is supported on Support guide wheel(11)V-groove in.
CN201510960769.2A 2015-12-21 2015-12-21 A kind of numerical control diamond wire saw machine that can be used to cut special-shaped lines Active CN105415420B (en)

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CN109297798A (en) * 2018-08-29 2019-02-01 中国石油大学(北京) The method for removing core sample skin damage
CN109732669B (en) * 2019-03-20 2020-10-27 诸暨企周企业管理有限公司 Processing equipment for cutting light building materials
CN114654019B (en) * 2022-05-19 2022-08-09 苏州博创熠鑫智造科技有限责任公司 3D prints formed part and base plate separator

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WO2008138064A1 (en) * 2007-05-14 2008-11-20 Wintech International Pty Ltd A dual path cutting machine
TW201125702A (en) * 2010-01-20 2011-08-01 Pi-Wen Wang Wire winding system for wire cut processing machine and wire supply method thereof
CN103358355A (en) * 2012-03-28 2013-10-23 吴本辉 Circular foam plate forming machine
CN203919147U (en) * 2014-07-08 2014-11-05 曹建华 Automatic vegetable cutting machine
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CN104924337B (en) * 2015-06-13 2016-08-24 哈尔滨工大服务机器人有限公司 Rice paper cutting robot device
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