CN105381517A - Bowel-freeing instrument for digestive system department - Google Patents

Bowel-freeing instrument for digestive system department Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105381517A
CN105381517A CN201510925331.0A CN201510925331A CN105381517A CN 105381517 A CN105381517 A CN 105381517A CN 201510925331 A CN201510925331 A CN 201510925331A CN 105381517 A CN105381517 A CN 105381517A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
defecation
interior pipe
outer tube
communicated
digestive system
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Granted
Application number
CN201510925331.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105381517B (en
Inventor
陆文玲
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Peking University Shenzhen Hospital
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Peking University Shenzhen Hospital
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Priority to CN201510925331.0A priority Critical patent/CN105381517B/en
Publication of CN105381517A publication Critical patent/CN105381517A/en
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Publication of CN105381517B publication Critical patent/CN105381517B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M3/00Medical syringes, e.g. enemata; Irrigators
    • A61M3/02Enemata; Irrigators
    • A61M3/0233Enemata; Irrigators characterised by liquid supply means, e.g. from pressurised reservoirs
    • A61M3/0254Enemata; Irrigators characterised by liquid supply means, e.g. from pressurised reservoirs the liquid being pumped
    • A61M3/0262Enemata; Irrigators characterised by liquid supply means, e.g. from pressurised reservoirs the liquid being pumped manually, e.g. by squeezing a bulb
    • A61M1/0058
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M2202/00Special media to be introduced, removed or treated
    • A61M2202/06Solids
    • A61M2202/068Faeces; Excretions

Abstract

The invention discloses a bowel-freeing instrument for the digestive system department. The bowel-freeing instrument comprises an anal-intestinal pipe, a liquid charging device and a negative pressure suction device, wherein the anal-intestinal pipe comprises an outer pipe body and an inner pipe body, and a plurality of liquid outlet holes distributed in the circumferential direction are formed in the outer wall of the head end of the outer pipe body; the length of the inner pipe body is greater than that of the outer pipe body, the inner pipe body and the outer pipe body are coaxially arranged, and the inner pipe body can slide relative to the outer pipe body along the axis thereof; a liquid inlet cavity communicated with the liquid outlet holes is formed between the inner pipe body and the outer pipe body, and a defecation cavity is arranged inside the inner pipe body; the head end of the inner pipe body is an open end, and the head end of the outer pipe body extends to the outside; the liquid charging device is communicated with the liquid inlet cavity for charging liquid medicine to the liquid inlet cavity; and the negative pressure suction device is communicated with the defecation cavity for vacuumizing the defecation cavity so that negative pressure action is generated inside the defecation cavity. According to the bowel-freeing instrument for the digestive system department, the purpose of rapidly and effectively freeing the bowels is achieved, and the bowel-freeing instrument is good in treatment effect and convenient to use.

Description

Digestive System Department instrument for defecation
Technical field
The present invention relates to medical apparatus and instruments, particularly relate to a kind of Digestive System Department instrument for defecation.
Background technology
It is long that Digestive System Department often can run into patient stool holdup time in intestinal, and then bring constipation, the constipation with dry stool even problem of incarceration, thus bring slight illness to patient, and if things go on like this can bring other even more serious diseases, and clinically in order to keep patient to defecate usually, need patient to eat the more fruits and vegetables of oil-containing cellulose on the one hand more, medical personnel are then needed usually to adopt the mode of coloclysis to assist the smooth defecation of patient on the other hand, but, common enemator, the effect that stool is softened in intestine moistening can only be played, and the smooth defecation that can not realize fast.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome deficiency of the prior art and provide a kind of can the Digestive System Department instrument for defecation of effective relieving constipation.
The present invention solves the technical scheme that prior art problem adopts: a kind of Digestive System Department instrument for defecation, comprising:
Anorectal pipe, described anorectal pipe comprises outer tube and interior pipe;
The outer wall of the head end of described outer tube is provided with the liquid outlet of multiple circumference distribution;
The length of described interior pipe is greater than the length of described outer tube and is coaxially arranged in described outer tube, and can slide along the relatively described outer tube of its axis; Described interior pipe with form the admission chamber communicated with described liquid outlet between described outer tube, described internal tube is defecation chamber; The head end of described interior pipe is opening end and stretches out from the head end of described outer tube;
Charging device, described charging device is connected with described admission chamber, in order to be filled with medicinal liquid in described admission chamber;
Negative pressure suction device, described negative pressure suction device is connected with described defecation chamber, in order to produce suction function to described defecation chamber evacuation to make described defecation intracavity.
Preferably, the front end of described outer tube is provided with the first axial hole, the rear end cap unification end of described outer tube, and described end cap is provided with the second axial hole, the head end of described interior pipe is slidably fitted in described first axial hole, and the tail end of described interior pipe is slidably fitted in described second axial hole.
Preferably, be provided with sealing ring between the hole wall of described second axis hole and described interior pipe, described sealing ring is multiple, and multiple described sealing ring is arranged along the axis direction interval of described interior pipe.
Preferably, on described outer tube the periphery wall of the tail end of contiguous described outer tube be provided with one be connected with described admission chamber first be communicated with joint, described first connection joint is connected with described charging device.
Preferably, the tail end of described interior pipe be provided with one be connected with described defecation chamber second be communicated with joint, described second is communicated with joint is connected with described negative pressure suction device.
Preferably, be provided with check valve in described first connection joint, described check valve leads to the direction conducting of described admission chamber from described first connection joint.
Preferably, described second is communicated with joint is provided with the rotation plectrum radially extended, and the tail end of described interior pipe is also arranged with a spring, and one end and the described end cap of described spring offset, and the other end and described second is communicated with joint and offsets.
Preferably, described opening end is provided with the sharp protuberance that the axial direction along described interior pipe protrudes, and described sharp protuberance is multiple, and multiple described sharp protuberances circumferences are arranged at intervals at the opening end end face of described interior pipe.
Preferably, described charging device comprises liquid storage container, topping up pipe and elastic inflated ball, one end of described topping up pipe stretches to the bottom of described liquid storage container, the other end and described first of described topping up pipe is communicated with joint and is connected, and described elastic inflated ball is connected with the top of described liquid storage container by a gas tube.
Preferably, described negative pressure suction device comprises defecate collection container, hopper tube and negtive-pressure implement, one end of described hopper tube stretches to the bottom of described defecate collection container, the other end and described second of described hopper tube is communicated with joint and is connected, and described negtive-pressure implement is connected by the top of negative tube with described defecate collection container.
According to Digestive System Department instrument for defecation provided by the invention, anorectal pipe comprises the double-decker of outer tube and the formation of interior pipe, and can relative sliding between interior pipe and outer tube, so, on the one hand, can by charging device through admission chamber, liquid outlet is filled with medicinal liquid to anorectal, make stool moistening softening, on the other hand, can be slided by interior pipe and fragmentation is carried out to the stiff just block of anorectal, to accelerate the softening of dry stool, desaturation, again on the one hand, the vacuum suction effect that stool after softening and desaturation also can be provided by negative pressure suction device, be expelled to external fast from defecation chamber, so, the object of relieving constipation fast and effectively can be reached, its therapeutic effect is good, easy to use.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the overall structure schematic diagram of embodiment of the present invention Digestive System Department instrument for defecation;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of anorectal pipe in embodiment of the present invention Digestive System Department instrument for defecation.
Reference numeral:
Anorectal pipe 10;
Outer tube 101;
Liquid outlet 1011;
Interior pipe 102;
Point protuberance 1021;
End cap 103;
Sealing ring 1031;
First is communicated with joint 104;
Second is communicated with joint 105;
Rotate plectrum 1051;
Check valve 106;
Spring 107;
Admission chamber A;
Defecation chamber B;
Liquid storage container 20;
Elastic inflated ball 21;
Topping up pipe 22;
Gas tube 23;
Defecate collection container 30;
Negtive-pressure implement 31;
Hopper tube 32;
Negative tube 33.
The realization of the object of the invention, functional characteristics and advantage will in conjunction with the embodiments, are described further with reference to accompanying drawing.
Detailed description of the invention
Be described below in detail embodiments of the invention, the example of described embodiment is shown in the drawings, and wherein same or similar label represents same or similar element or has element that is identical or similar functions from start to finish.Be exemplary below by the embodiment be described with reference to the drawings, be intended to for explaining the present invention, and can not limitation of the present invention be interpreted as.
In describing the invention, it will be appreciated that, term " center ", " longitudinally ", " laterally ", " length ", " width ", " thickness ", " upper ", " under ", " front ", " after ", " left ", " right ", " vertically ", " level ", " top ", " end " " interior ", " outer ", " clockwise ", orientation or the position relationship of the instruction such as " counterclockwise " are based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, only the present invention for convenience of description and simplified characterization, instead of indicate or imply that the device of indication or element must have specific orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore limitation of the present invention can not be interpreted as.
In addition, term " first ", " second " only for describing object, and can not be interpreted as instruction or hint relative importance or imply the quantity indicating indicated technical characteristic.Thus, be limited with " first ", the feature of " second " can express or impliedly comprise one or more these features.In describing the invention, the implication of " multiple " is two or more, unless otherwise expressly limited specifically.
In the present invention, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, the term such as term " installation ", " being connected ", " connection ", " fixing " should be interpreted broadly, and such as, can be fixedly connected with, also can be removably connect, or connect integratedly; Can be mechanical connection, also can be electrical connection; Can be directly be connected, also indirectly can be connected by intermediary, can be the connection of two element internals.For the ordinary skill in the art, above-mentioned term concrete meaning in the present invention can be understood as the case may be.
Shown in Fig. 2, embodiments provide a kind of Digestive System Department instrument for defecation, comprise anorectal pipe 10, charging device and negative pressure suction device.
Specifically, anorectal pipe 10 comprises outer tube 101 and interior pipe 102.Outer tube 101 is the one end of inserting in anorectal, and its head end outer wall is provided with the liquid outlet 1011 of multiple circumference distribution.
The length of interior pipe 102 is greater than the length of described outer tube 101 and is coaxially arranged in described outer tube 101, and can slide along the relatively described outer tube 101 of its axis.That is, interior pipe 102 is the deads in line with outer tube 101, and interior pipe 102 can along its common axial sliding movement in outer tube 101.
Form the admission chamber A communicated with described liquid outlet 1011 between interior pipe 102 with described outer tube 101, described interior pipe 102 inside is defecation chamber B; The head end of described interior pipe 102 is opening end and stretches out from the head end of described outer tube 101.Namely, the external diameter of interior pipe 102 is less than the internal diameter of outer tube 101, thus makes the spatia that formed between interior pipe 102 and outer tube 101, and namely this spatia can be used as admission chamber A, and the liquid outlet 1011 on outer tube 101 is that this admission chamber A communicates.Thus, when anorectal pipe 10 is inserted into human anus enteral portion, the liquid in admission chamber A can flow into human anus enteral via the liquid outlet 1011 on outer tube 101, simultaneously, can by twitching interior pipe 102, in utilizing, fragmentation is carried out to the feces of anorectal inside in the front end of pipe 102.In addition, because the opening end of interior pipe 102 communicates with defecation chamber B, so when anorectal pipe 10 is inserted into human anus enteral portion, rare feces of its human anus enteral can enter to defecation chamber B by opening end.
Charging device is connected with described admission chamber A, in order to be filled with medicinal liquid in described admission chamber A.That is, charging device can be filled with liquid with certain pressure in admission chamber A, it can be generally medicinal liquid, this medicinal liquid enters admission chamber A, human anus enteral is injected into again via the liquid outlet 1011 on outer tube 101, can infiltrate the stool of the drying in anorectal, stool in anorectal is softened and desaturation.
Negative pressure suction device is connected with described defecation chamber B, in order to described defecation chamber B evacuation to make to produce suction function in described defecation chamber B.That is, negative pressure suction device can produce negative-pressure adsorption effect by defecation chamber B to the stool after anorectal internal softening and desaturation, makes to be softened to excrete with desaturation stool.
In concrete use procedure, first anorectal pipe 10 to be inserted into human anus enteral portion, in admission chamber A, be filled with medicinal liquid by charging device again, the liquid outlet 1011 that medicinal liquid passes through is injected into anorectal inside, plays the effect of intestine moistening, softening and desaturation stool, meanwhile, pipe 102 in twitching back and forth, makes the front end of interior pipe 102 carry out fragmentation to the stool of anorectal inside, the stool of bulk is attenuated, the stool attenuated, under the effect of medicinal liquid, can be softened and desaturation very soon; Then utilize negative pressure suction device to the stool suction after softening and desaturation, and then make smooth discharge outside human body of defecating.
In other words, according to Digestive System Department instrument for defecation provided by the invention, anorectal pipe 10 comprises the double-decker of outer tube 101 and interior pipe 102 formation, and can relative sliding between interior pipe 102 and outer tube 101, so, on the one hand, can by charging device through admission chamber A, liquid outlet 1011 is filled with medicinal liquid to anorectal, make stool moistening softening, on the other hand, can be slided by interior pipe 102 and fragmentation is carried out to the stiff just block of anorectal, to accelerate the softening of dry stool, desaturation, again on the one hand, the vacuum suction effect that stool after softening and desaturation also can be provided by negative pressure suction device, be expelled to external fast from defecation chamber B, so, the object of relieving constipation fast and effectively can be reached, its therapeutic effect is good, easy to use.
In one particular embodiment of the present invention, the front end of outer tube 101 is provided with the first axial hole, the rear end cap 103 of described outer tube 101 unifies end, described end cap 103 is provided with the second axial hole, the head end of described interior pipe 102 is slidably fitted in described first axial hole, and the tail end of described interior pipe 102 is slidably fitted in described second axial hole.So, by the first axial hole and coordinating between the second axial hole with interior pipe 102, can realize the relative sliding between interior pipe 102 and outer tube 101, its structure is simple.And, can also guaranteeing that interior pipe 102 is relative with outer tube 101 and rotate, by rotating and linear slide two motion, fragmentation can be carried out to the stool of anorectal inside better.
More favorably, in one embodiment of the invention, be provided with sealing ring 1031 between the hole wall of the second axis hole and described interior pipe 102, described sealing ring 1031 is multiple, and multiple described sealing ring 1031 is arranged along the axis direction interval of described interior pipe 102.That is, realize sealing by end cap 103 and sealing ring 1031 between the tail end of outer tube 101 and the outer wall of interior pipe 102, guarantee that the medicinal liquid in admission chamber A can not be revealed from the tail end of outer tube 101, improve its serviceability.
In one embodiment of the invention, on outer tube 101 periphery wall of the tail end of contiguous described outer tube 101 be provided with one be connected with described admission chamber A first be communicated with joint 104, described first connection joint 104 is connected with described charging device.That is, the tail end of outer tube 101 is communicated with joint 104 by first and is connected with charging device, so, admission chamber A can be realized to be communicated with charging device, and, be communicated with by first connection and the dismounting that joint 104 can be convenient to charging device.
Corresponding, the tail end of interior pipe 102 be provided with one be connected with described defecation chamber B second be communicated with joint 105, described second connection joint 105 is connected with described negative pressure suction device.That is, interior pipe 102 is communicated with joint 105 by second and is connected with negative pressure adsorption equipment, so, can realize defecation chamber B and be communicated with negative pressure suction device, and, be communicated with by second connection and the dismounting that joint 105 can be convenient to negative pressure suction device.
In one embodiment of the invention, be provided with check valve 106 in the first connection joint 104, described check valve 106 leads to the direction conducting of described admission chamber A from described first connection joint 104.So, only allow the medicinal liquid in charging device to enter to admission chamber A, and liquid in admission chamber A can not reverse flow to charging device, namely, the liquid in admission chamber A can be avoided to flow backwards and the cross-contamination that causes.
More favorably, the second connection joint 105 is provided with the rotation plectrum 1051 radially extended.This rotation plectrum 1051 is convenient to user grip, and rotate this second connection joint 105 and then drive interior pipe 102 to rotate, and utilizes rotary motion to carry out fragmentation to the stool of human anus enteral.
In addition, the tail end of interior pipe 102 is also arranged with a spring 107, one end and the described end cap 103 of described spring 107 offset, the other end and described second is communicated with joint 105 and offsets, so, interior pipe 102 with outer tube 101 along axis relative sliding time, spring 107 can provide elastic force effect, so that pipe 102 can return to initial position in after removing external force, improve its serviceability.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, opening end is provided with the sharp protuberance 1021 that the axial direction along described interior pipe 102 protrudes, and described sharp protuberance 1021 is multiple, and multiple described sharp protuberance 1021 circumferences are arranged at intervals at the opening end end face of described interior pipe 102.So, when in user promotes, pipe 102 moves in anorectal, point protuberance 1021 is conducive to being inserted in dry stool, be inserted into dry large after an action of the bowels, the stool that rotating inner tube 102 can be broken dry easily again, namely, the crushing effect that sharp protuberance 1021 can improve stool is set simultaneously.
More specifically, in one embodiment of the invention, charging device comprises liquid storage container 20, topping up pipe 22 and elastic inflated ball 21, one end of described topping up pipe 22 stretches to the bottom of described liquid storage container 20, the other end and described first of described topping up pipe 22 is communicated with joint 104 and is connected, and described elastic inflated ball 21 is connected with the top of described liquid storage container 20 by a gas tube 23.So, in liquid storage container 20, be filled with air by elastic inflated ball 21, make the pressure increase in liquid storage container 20, and then force the medicinal liquid in liquid storage container 20 to enter to inner admission chamber A by topping up pipe 22, then enter human anus enteral from admission chamber A.In the present embodiment, then by this compressing topping up mode, medicinal liquid can be made can to enter to human anus enteral with certain pressure, play the developing result of interior human anus enteral.
Negative pressure suction device comprises defecate collection container 30, hopper tube 32 and negtive-pressure implement 31, one end of described hopper tube 32 stretches to the bottom of described defecate collection container 30, the other end and described second of described hopper tube 32 is communicated with joint 105 and is connected, and described negtive-pressure implement 31 is connected with the top of described defecate collection container 30 by negative tube 33.So, by evacuation in negtive-pressure implement 31 pairs of defecate collection containers 30, make it inner form negative pressure, and then force in hopper tube 32 couples of defecation chamber B and aspirate, human anus enteral is softened and feces after desaturation can be expelled in defecate collection container 30 fast, realize quick defecation.
In sum, according to Digestive System Department instrument for defecation provided by the invention, anorectal pipe 10 comprises the double-decker of outer tube 101 and interior pipe 102 formation, and can relative sliding between interior pipe 102 and outer tube 101, so, on the one hand, can by charging device through admission chamber A, liquid outlet 1011 is filled with medicinal liquid to anorectal, make stool moistening softening, on the other hand, can be slided by interior pipe 102 and fragmentation is carried out to the stiff just block of anorectal, to accelerate the softening of dry stool, desaturation, again on the one hand, the vacuum suction effect that stool after softening and desaturation also can be provided by negative pressure suction device, be expelled to external fast from defecation chamber B, so, the object of relieving constipation fast and effectively can be reached, its therapeutic effect is good, easy to use.
In the description of this description, specific features, structure, material or feature that the description of reference term " embodiment ", " some embodiments ", " example ", " concrete example " or " some examples " etc. means to describe in conjunction with this embodiment or example are contained at least one embodiment of the present invention or example.In this manual, identical embodiment or example are not necessarily referred to the schematic representation of above-mentioned term.And the specific features of description, structure, material or feature can combine in an appropriate manner in any one or more embodiment or example.
Although illustrate and describe embodiments of the invention above, be understandable that, above-described embodiment is exemplary, can not be interpreted as limitation of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art can change above-described embodiment within the scope of the invention when not departing from principle of the present invention and aim, revising, replacing and modification.

Claims (10)

1. a Digestive System Department instrument for defecation, is characterized in that, comprising:
Anorectal pipe, described anorectal pipe comprises outer tube and interior pipe;
The outer wall of the head end of described outer tube is provided with the liquid outlet of multiple circumference distribution;
The length of described interior pipe is greater than the length of described outer tube and is coaxially arranged in described outer tube, and can slide along the relatively described outer tube of its axis; Described interior pipe with form the admission chamber communicated with described liquid outlet between described outer tube, described internal tube is defecation chamber; The head end of described interior pipe is opening end and stretches out from the head end of described outer tube;
Charging device, described charging device is connected with described admission chamber, in order to be filled with medicinal liquid in described admission chamber;
Negative pressure suction device, described negative pressure suction device is connected with described defecation chamber, in order to produce suction function to described defecation chamber evacuation to make described defecation intracavity.
2. Digestive System Department instrument for defecation according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the front end of described outer tube is provided with the first axial hole, the rear end cap unification end of described outer tube, described end cap is provided with the second axial hole, the head end of described interior pipe is slidably fitted in described first axial hole, and the tail end of described interior pipe is slidably fitted in described second axial hole.
3. Digestive System Department instrument for defecation according to claim 2, is characterized in that, be provided with sealing ring between the hole wall of described second axis hole and described interior pipe, described sealing ring is multiple, and multiple described sealing ring is arranged along the axis direction interval of described interior pipe.
4. Digestive System Department instrument for defecation according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, on described outer tube the periphery wall of the tail end of contiguous described outer tube be provided with one be connected with described admission chamber first be communicated with joint, described first connection joint is connected with described charging device.
5. Digestive System Department instrument for defecation according to claim 4, is characterized in that, the tail end of described interior pipe be provided with one be connected with described defecation chamber second be communicated with joint, described second is communicated with joint is connected with described negative pressure suction device.
6. Digestive System Department instrument for defecation according to claim 5, is characterized in that, is provided with check valve in described first connection joint, and described check valve leads to the direction conducting of described admission chamber from described first connection joint.
7. Digestive System Department instrument for defecation according to claim 5, it is characterized in that, described second is communicated with joint is provided with the rotation plectrum radially extended, the tail end of described interior pipe is also arranged with a spring, one end and the described end cap of described spring offset, and the other end and described second is communicated with joint and offsets.
8. Digestive System Department instrument for defecation according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described opening end is provided with the sharp protuberance that the axial direction along described interior pipe protrudes, and described sharp protuberance is multiple, and multiple described sharp protuberances circumferences are arranged at intervals at the opening end end face of described interior pipe.
9. Digestive System Department instrument for defecation according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described charging device comprises liquid storage container, topping up pipe and elastic inflated ball, one end of described topping up pipe stretches to the bottom of described liquid storage container, the other end and described first of described topping up pipe is communicated with joint and is connected, and described elastic inflated ball is connected with the top of described liquid storage container by a gas tube.
10. Digestive System Department instrument for defecation according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described negative pressure suction device comprises defecate collection container, hopper tube and negtive-pressure implement, one end of described hopper tube stretches to the bottom of described defecate collection container, the other end and described second of described hopper tube is communicated with joint and is connected, and described negtive-pressure implement is connected by the top of negative tube with described defecate collection container.
CN201510925331.0A 2015-12-14 2015-12-14 Gastroenterology instrument for defecation Expired - Fee Related CN105381517B (en)

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