CN105328440B - A kind of vertical disassemblerassembler of hydraulic support column - Google Patents

A kind of vertical disassemblerassembler of hydraulic support column Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105328440B
CN105328440B CN201510891095.5A CN201510891095A CN105328440B CN 105328440 B CN105328440 B CN 105328440B CN 201510891095 A CN201510891095 A CN 201510891095A CN 105328440 B CN105328440 B CN 105328440B
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China
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cylinder
post
hydraulic cylinder
frame
fixed
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CN105328440A (en
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刘曙辉
潘攀
高宗安
赵建温
刘闯
张红霞
高瑞凯
王峥
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JIAOZUO XINYANGCHENG COAL MINE EQUIPMENT Co Ltd
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JIAOZUO XINYANGCHENG COAL MINE EQUIPMENT Co Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/04Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes for assembling or disassembling parts

Abstract

A kind of vertical disassemblerassembler of new type hydraulic bearer column, including double car double flow charts, synchronization lifting frame structure plug pin positioning device for use, and synchronous Fu Gang mechanisms, machinery helps column device, intelligent electric control system.Equipment overall performance is perfect, and double cycle operation, efficiency can be doubled;Machine automatization helps that column device positioning precision is high, synchronization lifting frame structure and plug pin positioning device for use, accurate positioning, reliable, solve in an equipment while completing to tear open guide sleeve, dress guide sleeve, the shop problem that live post is pulled out, live post is pressed into, environmental pollution of the emulsion to dismounting scene is also prevented simultaneously, has particularly helped column device replacement manually to help the operating type of post with machinery, safety hazards are eliminated from source;Using intelligent electric control system, mode of operation is simplified, operation accuracy is improved, had not only extended the service life of machinery but also reduced maintenance cost, market promotion prospect is wide.

Description

A kind of vertical disassemblerassembler of hydraulic support column
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of vertical disassemblerassembler of hydraulic support column, category mining equiment maintenance field.
Background technology
Patent of invention《Hydraulic support column novel vertical type disassemblerassembler》, the gain the national patent of application number 201310373298 Office authorizes and announced.The demolition, installation operation function of the integration of equipments, efficiently solves the various of existing horizontal disassemblerassembler presence Problem, improves work efficiency, the dismounting quality for alleviating labor intensity, in particular improving column, is welcome deeply by maintenance producer. But, the equipment also exposes some shortcomings in design in use.Hydraulic jack is proprietary in hydraulic support Title is " column ", and hydraulic cylinder body is still " cylinder body " in hydraulic support, and piston rod is named " live post " in hydraulic support. " column " includes cylinder body, live post, the part of guide sleeve three.Tearing cylinder operation open includes tearing cylinder open, tearing guide sleeve open, tear live post open.Present column Changer only possesses three functions:1), guide sleeve is screwed out out of cylinder, 2), guide sleeve is screwed in cylinder body, 3), live post is pressed into Cylinder body, without the function that live post is pulled out out of cylinder body.Other shortcomings also have:1st, the feeding trolley bottom in workpiece feeder Plate is unreasonable by the way of ratchet, ratchet bar monodirectional locking frame, and the structure limits feeding trolley bottom plate operation function, makes It can only bear downward pressure and can not bear upward pulling force.Therefore, in unloading process, in order to be able to by live post out of cylinder barrel Take out, also wanting workman, the perfusion into cylinder body carries the emulsion of certain pressure, makes live post from cylinder by the pressure of emulsion in addition Ejected in cylinder.Live post upper piston seal is such as run into damage, be only difficult to eject live post by hydraulic way.The separation of this secondary operation Mode, not only water wasting, and used emulsion is not easy to collection, pollutes working environment.
2nd, former crane is used sets two hydraulic cylinders to be lifted in framework both sides, but is due to the synchronism of hydraulic cylinder It is bad, cause crane to be balanced when rising and falling, considerable influence is located to crane.Also cylinder is helped to press from both sides on feeding trolley Tight mechanism, it there are problems that the action of two holding hydraulic cylinders is asynchronous.Original is helped on cylinder clamp mechanism design using two holding hydraulic cylinders For individually control, to being fixed on to mounting arrangements, cylinder body in frame, hydraulic cylinder piston rod end head is equipped with vee-block, when holding hydraulic pressure When cylinder promotes piston rod reach or retreated, two vee-blocks inwardly or outwardly can be clamped or unclamped.Because hydraulic cylinder positions the position of leading screw The stroke that put, be adjusted for different hydraulic cylinder external diameters, just can guarantee that hydraulic cylinder piston rod, and two holdings individually controlled Hydraulic cylinder is difficult to realize synchronization action, causes cylinder body to be dismounted and tighten head accurately to feel relieved, and occurs disorderly button accident.
3rd, former design is assembled using artificial hand steered live post centering cylinder barrel, easily goes out security incident.
4th, former design be bicycle be sent into, fixed position dismounting operation mode, can only in the feeding trolley same activity duration Load a cylinder, only can just be put into next cylinder after the dismounting of this cylinder fulfils assignment, subsidiary operation time is long, class's production effect Rate is low.
5th, original equipment control system be all manually operated, easily make mistakes, labor strength it is big.It is normal when tearing cylinder open, electrically Button manual manipulation is out of question, when corrosion serious threaded guide sleeve is encountered, tightens work head horse up to will be because output is turned round Square is small and can not unclamp threaded guide sleeve, now workman be accomplished by frequent transitions the corresponding button, persistently start boosting oil cylinder be allowed to Move back and forth, by boosting oil cylinder thrust threaded guide sleeve loosen open, only confirm threaded guide sleeve be totally released, Cai Nengli Threaded guide sleeve is finally disassembled up to the moment of torsion of output with work head horse is tightened.Judge threaded guide sleeve aeration level such as What, whether enrich depending on the experience of operating personnel, so most easily making mistakes in chaos, damage equipment.Because frequent changes operation is pressed Button, workman's activity duration are long, and labor intensity is big, fatiguability, influence operating efficiency.
The content of the invention
The task of invention is a kind of vertical disassemblerassembler of hydraulic support column of design, and the equipment is with Chinese patent Unreasonable part is designed based on CN201310373298 prior arts, to it to be improved.The synchronization promoted with single hydraulic cylinder Crane, the lift cart lifting platform for substituting former double hydraulic cylinder promotion, realize the synchronization lifting of lift cart lifting platform;With insert The former ratchet bar of positioner of pulling pin substitution and detent mechanism, the twin-tub for substituting original equipment with the more preferable Fu Gang mechanisms of synchronism are promoted Help cylinder structure;New design adds a set of machinery and helps column device, thoroughly solves and manually helps live post unsafe problems, uses double The mode of working continuously replaces bicycle single-station operating type, operating efficiency is more than doubled.This new type hydraulic bearer The features such as vertical disassemblerassembler of column has rational in infrastructure, reliable in action, automaticity high, easy care, this also exactly this hair The bright expected purpose to be realized.
The vertical disassemblerassembler of this hydraulic support column of the present invention, is that design is improved on the basis of existing patent , Curve guide impeller includes the following aspects:1) feeder feeding trolley lifting platform drive form, is thoroughly improved, is sent into small Car lifting platform is no longer promoted with double hydraulic cylinder, makes into be pushed to by steel wire rope, movable pulley, common group of fixed pulley with a hydraulic cylinder Into synchronization lifting frame, using the guide function of fixed pulley, the save effort functional of movable pulley, add the stroke amplification work(of movable pulley The synchronization lifting of crane, can be realized, and the stroke of hydraulic cylinder shortens half, meets the requirement of hoisting depth.Again with slotting The former ratchet bar of positioner of pulling pin substitution and detent mechanism, solve the problem of feeding trolley elevating mechanism can not pull up live post. Method is, first the both sides hydraulic cylinder of the former feeder feeding trolley lifting platform of removal, take wherein one hydraulic cylinder, by hydraulic cylinder It is fixed on the crossbeam of frame structure, its underpart live post is fixed together with synchronous connected body with nut, on synchronous connected body The pulley yoke of two duplex type movable pulleys is welded on synchronous connected body, and four on duplex type movable pulley cable wire end is fixed on liter On four angles for dropping frame, during the stretching of hydraulic cylinder live post, the pulley yoke of synchronous connected body and duplex type movable pulley is driven to transport downwards simultaneously Dynamic, four steel wire ropes are synchronously moved, realize crane synchronously rising upwards by the guiding of four fixed pulleys respectively.It is same to ensure Step connected body can realize the synchronization lifting of two duplex type movable pulleys, and hydraulic cylinder live post joins with the connection of synchronous connected body for hardness Connect, to prevent hydraulic cylinder from bearing the effect of torsion, one trapped orbit is respectively set in synchronous connected body both sides, track welding is in master In the two root posts of framework, synchronous connected body is through rail-guided with coordinating, it is to avoid synchronous connected body partial twist, it is ensured that crane Synchronization lifting.The movement length of four steel wire rope movable ends is twice of hydraulic cylinder length, for ease of net synchronization capability Adjustment, the fixing end of each steel wire rope and crane, which is assembled with two power taking by force, adjust two, which power takes by force, can more preferably meet synchronization lifting Realize.The ratchet bar and detent mechanism in the former workpiece feeder of removal in feeding trolley frame, are installed additional slotting in the original location again Pull pin positioner.Plug pin positioning device for use is made up of electric pushrod, extension spring, stage clip and insert-pull pin, plug pin positioning device for use institute Need quantity four, structure identical.First the ratchet bar in frame, ratchet are dismantled during installation, then beaten at frame correct position Go out the uniform positioning hole of four rows, pore size is with insert-pull pin is matched, and positioner is fixed on lift cart platform, pass through control The movement of electric pushrod processed plugs the synchronization telescope and precise positioning of pin positioning device for use to realize.Used between push rod and insert-pull pin Spring is flexible coupling, will not produce overload damage, and net synchronization capability is good, reliability is high and easy care.Can through this improved equipment Pulling force and pressure are born simultaneously, the detached job mechanically completed on same changer to live post, cylinder body is solved, it is raw Produce efficiency high.
2), the twin-tub for substituting original equipment with novel synchronous Fu Gang mechanisms, which is promoted, helps cylinder structure, solves feeder two and holds tightly Cylinder body acts asynchronous problem.The preferred embodiment of the invention has the following two kinds:Synchromesh gear slides Fu Gang mechanisms or fixed pulley Steel wire rope synchronization Fu Gang mechanisms.The method of synchromesh gear sliding Fu Gang mechanisms is:It is new on feeder feeding trolley lifting platform Increase a set of synchromesh gear slipping mechanism.One in former twin-tub pushing structure is removed to promote hydraulic cylinder (left side), retain right side One promotion hydraulic cylinder.Right side promotes the preceding shaft end of hydraulic cylinder to be fixed together with right side V-type travelling carriage, and right side travelling carriage both sides are each There is a secondary rack, tooth ends engages with central gear downwards, left slide frame both sides also respectively have a pair rack, tooth ends upward with Central gear is engaged.Central gear is fixed on work top by pinion stand, gear can rotate around its axle center.Right side promotes liquid Cylinder pressure drives central gear rotation, left side rack when promoting rack movement synchronous backward is moved therewith, two V-type travelling carriages it is synchronous to Interior or outside folding, completion clamp cylinder body action.This set synchromesh gear sliding Fu Gang mechanisms newly increased, due to driving error It is small, it is ensured that column to be torn open and to tighten the concentric locating effect between head.
The method of fixed pulley steel wire rope synchronization Fu Gang mechanisms is:Fixed pulley is fixed in frame with adjustment bolt, with adjustment Bolt adjusts the elastic power of steel wire rope, both sides V-block is respectively fixed to the diverse location of wire line thimble, and side V-block leads to Cross hydraulic cylinder and power is provided, by wire rope transfers power, make other side V-block advanced in unison or retrogressing.This structure energy The synchronizing moving of both sides V-block is realized well, and simple in construction, easy to maintenance, manufacturing cost is low.
3), propose in the field first and devise machinery and help column device, it is therefore an objective to replaced using the hand steered post of post machinery is helped It is artificial to help post operation, solution manually to help the unsafe problem of post.Machinery helps the optional design of column device to have many kinds, though structure What purpose that is so different, being realized was just as.The present invention lists four kinds of following feasible programs, optionally implemented.(1), guide rod Column device is helped in clamping.The device is fixed in the double operation frame after improving, and feeding trolley is put into during lifting, cylinder body, Driving is hung to live post above cylinder body, according to live post length, operates lifting motor, makes to help column device to be raised to conjunction by elevating screw Put right position.Hydraulic cylinder is operated, makes two to help post hydraulic cylinder synchronous to stretch out, the top wheel on its telescopic arm clamps live post, treats that cylinder pressure body is moved After directly over to live post, the pressure above frame draws oil cylinder that live post is pressed into cylinder body, helps post hydraulic cylinder to retract.Push up wheel surface shape into V-type, it can steadily clamp live post and not produce crooked, concentric fits precision height, high yield rate, avoid the artificial peace helped produced by post Full hidden danger.By the change of hydraulic cylinder travel, top wheel is done swing by radius of connecting rod and be suitable for different live post external diameters, realize The precise positioning of live post.
(2), swing arm bull stick helps column device, package unit by two fixed pulleys, four bottom fixed pulleys, plus rotation dish, The parts such as steel wire rope, two people are taken by force, wire line shoe constitute the steel wire rope synchronous interaction mechanism of a closing, and two two people take by force for adjusting Save the synchronism of tightness of steel wire rope and two support arm beats.Post height adjusting holes are helped in movable stand vertical beam, post support arm is helped Sliding sleeve can be slided in movable stand vertical beam, reach after proper height can be inserted into rotary shaft be hinged fixation.Bottom fixed pulley rises and led To effect, steel wire rope can constitute the wire rope gearing chain of closing after having three, meticulously connection.Withdrawn completely when helping post hydraulic cylinder When, help post support arm topmost, when hydraulic cylinder is fully extended, help post support arm in bottom.Help during post, two help post to support Arm does beat motion, and the amplitude that swings is identical, and action is synchronous, and two are helped the distance between post roller voluntarily to adjust change, Strong applicability, disclosure satisfy that the requirement of different live post diameters and height.Steel wire rope is coupled using closed loop, it is ensured that help the synchronization of post Property and the accuracy of centralized positioning.Column device is helped to be provided with height adjustment mechanism, the need for height stroke adjustment can be met.Change is helped The operating pressure of post hydraulic cylinder, install bidirectional hydraulic lock, the change for helping column pressure and position self-locking can be met the need for.Due to steel Cord on post support arm is helped arcuately move by track, makes the steel wire rope movement locus total distance of tension and feeding constant, helps post The elastic suitable, gap of support dynamics is moderate, is helped live post not rock, does not damage live post surface, it is ensured that steel wire rope action Invertibity.
(3), horizontal sliding hydraulic cylinder erection device, cylinder pressure frame sets equidistant dowel hole, and hydraulic cylinder afterbody is welded can Slide on posting, slidably posting is rectangle hollow framework, is enclosed on freely slidable on cylinder pressure frame, V-type gripping block back Weld in oil cylinder piston boom end, the device or so respectively has a set of, symmetrical lay.Left and right can be slided during righting live post, with bearing pin Dynamic posting is fixed on cylinder pressure frame correct position, two hydraulic cylinders of operation extension, drives left and right V-type gripping block inwardly to close up to help Positive live post.Reversely two hydraulic cylinders of manipulation are bounced back, just can unclamp live post, and post is helped next time.
(4), live post righting quadric chain, the quadric chain of use by rotating shaft core, rotating bar, push away cylinder, connecting rod I, Connecting rod II, fix bar, sliding pin, connecting rod III, connecting rod IV compositions, rotating bar are enclosed on rotating shaft core, can returned around rotating shaft core Turn, there is sector hole hinge sector hole in the bar front end pin-and-hole, in connecting rod I in an extension straight-bar, connecting rod IV to use in rotating bar Hinge is in the bar stage casing pin-and-hole, and the connecting rod IV other ends are with hinge connecting rod III left ends, connecting rod I other end bearing pins Connecting rod II left ends and the piston rod end for pushing away cylinder is hinged.Fix bar tail end is welded in rotating shaft core extension straight-bar Be provided with slip elongated slot in the middle of portion, fix bar right-hand member, sliding pin from slide passed through in elongated slot, connective pole II right-hand members, connecting rod III is right End is hinged, and sliding pin drives connective pole II, connecting rod III, connecting rod IV, connecting rod I to do together when sliding and being slided in elongated slot Open and close movement.Help during post, rotated with external force rotating bar close to live post, operation push away cylinder withdraw, the connecting rod I in drivening rod mechanism and Connecting rod IV is drawn close to the center line of fix bar, and the leading section of connecting rod IV and connecting rod I bars is inwardly drawn in, so as to clamp live post.Adjust liquid Cylinder pressure oil liquid pressure, can change this mechanism clamping dynamics, and manipulation pushes away cylinder stroke, can the live post diameter that can clamp of changing mechanism.
4) workpiece feeding trolley sliding rail form, is redesigned, it is that double cars are horizontal to change feeding trolley bicycle straight skidding Feeding, both double car double flow charts.Method:The frame layout of L-type between vertical beam and base in former scheme is abandoned, vertical beam is changed to It is welded on perpendicular to the ground on susceptor plate, constitutes new pressure scuffing of cylinder bore frame.Vertical beam front bottom plate fixes sending for horizontal accumbency Enter the width of car sliding rail, track length much larger than three feeding trolleys.It is separated by with two workpiece feeding trolleys 1,2 certain Spacing is emitted on above rail plate table top.The former heel post of fuselage cradle front end two is removed without the pressure scuffing of cylinder bore mechanism on crossbeam is moved In new pressure scuffing of cylinder bore frame after improvement, scuffing of cylinder bore mechanism quantity is pressed to increase to two sets.
The crossbeam of redesign, which is welded into rectangular frame with steel plate, fix support, bottom with four beam columns welds in steel On plate pedestal, constitute new pressure scuffing of cylinder bore frame.The station of left, center, right three is set on housiung separator, and middle position is the work of original host Position.Pressure scuffing of cylinder bore is connected with housiung separator by the pressure scuffing of cylinder bore seat on the cylinder pressure station of the left and right sides, presses scuffing of cylinder bore also with original Big stroke hydraulic cylinder, simply add one more.Press scuffing of cylinder bore when column oil cylinder is assembled, may be either the downward press-in of its offer Power, the axial tension drawn needed for live post can be provided upwards again.
To prevent the action of workpiece feeding trolley from interfering, a piston rod type hydraulic cylinder is respectively arranged at feeding trolley bottom, can Feeding trolley G2 and G1 is driven to be stopped to the left and right from centre position respectively, when feeding trolley G2 is stopped to left side pressure from centre position When at cylinder station, feeding trolley G1 is just moved at the cylinder pressure station of right side to stop to centre position, alternately comes and goes, realizes double and follow Ring operation is not shut down, both changer in centre position dismounting operation, be parked in right side cylinder pressure station at feeding trolley G1 can Operation is loaded to carry out hanging for next column.After changer completes the dismantlement work of centre position cylinder body, feeding trolley G2 moves the column to be torn open that loads operation and more renew of hanging leaned on to oil cylinder is carried out at the cylinder pressure station of left side, this operation from centre position Process is exchanged with each other, left and right cycle operation, operating efficiency are at least doubled.
5) the manual control of original equipment, is replaced using intelligent electric control mode, system reliability is improved.Intelligent electric Control system by pressure sensor can automatic detection operating process, realize force-increasing mechanism and tighten work head motor action from Dynamic switching problem.Dismounting cylinder body when, boosting oil cylinder start in advance, oil cylinder guide sleeve dismantled, boosting oil cylinder reciprocating motion Process by pressure sensor automatic detection, system software converses moment of torsion, when moment of torsion be less than motor moment of torsion when, can turn automatically Change motoring mode into, work head horse is tightened up to rotation can continuously be dismantled automatically, without manually intervening again.System, which is furnished with, to be turned Fast detecting system, reflection can dismount speed in real time, give staff to provide reference data.The automaticity of equipment after improvement It is high, without manual intervention, more conducively repair producer and promote the use of.
The vertical disassemblerassembler of this hydraulic support column of the present invention, it is beneficial in that:Equipment overall performance is more Perfect, double cycle operation, efficiency are doubled;Machinery helps cylinder assembly positioning precision height, both can guarantee that dismounting cylinder operation Quality can save the activity duration again;Synchronization lifting frame is solved one plus reliable plug pin positioning device for use, accurate positioning The problem of completing dismounting guide sleeve and dismounting live post in platform equipment simultaneously, is upgraded by an original machine alone (can only dismantle guide sleeve) Be a machine two with (can dismantle guide sleeve can dismantle live post) again, prevented environmental pollution of the emulsion to dismounting scene, especially It is to propose to devise machinery and help column device in the field first, using helping, the hand steered post substitution of post machinery is artificial to help post operation, from source Solved on head and manually help the unsafe problem of post, eliminate safety hazards;Using intelligent electric control system, simplification Mode of operation, improves operation accuracy, had not only extended the service life of machinery but also reduced maintenance cost, more conducively city Promote field.
Brief description of the drawings
To describe the problem, is below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings made to the vertical disassemblerassembler of this hydraulic support column of the present invention brief be situated between Continue.(structure that the position or former Patent design not marked in accompanying drawing are used, the mechanism arrangement and improvement part newly increased exists Give clearly identifying in drawings below).
The vertical disassemblerassembler framework general structure axonometric drawing of Fig. 1 hydraulic support columns.
The vertical disassemblerassembler framework general structure left view of Fig. 2 hydraulic support columns.
The vertical disassemblerassembler framework general structure front view of Fig. 3 hydraulic support columns.
Fig. 4 synchronization lifting frame front views.
Fig. 5 synchronization lifting frame A-A sectional views.
Fig. 6 synchronization lifting frame B direction views.
Fig. 7 synchronization lifting frame fleet wheel order of connection figures.
Column device front view is helped in the clamping of Fig. 8 guide rods.
Column device top view is helped in the clamping of Fig. 9 guide rods.
Column device top wheel construction schematic diagram is helped in the clamping of Figure 10 guide rods.
Figure 11 synchromesh gears sliding Fu Gang mechanisms top view.
Cylinder structural scheme of mechanism is helped in the sliding of Figure 12 synchromesh gears.
Figure 13 plugs pin positioning device for use schematic diagram.
Figure 14 fixed pulley synchronous mechanism for steel wire rope front views.
Figure 15 U-shaped card ring fastening steel wire rope method schematic diagrams.
Figure 16 swing arm bull sticks help column device schematic diagram.
Figure 17 swing arm bull sticks help column device C direction views.
Figure 18 swing arm bull sticks help column device B direction views.
Figure 19 wirerope-winding sequential schematics.
Figure 20 horizontal sliding hydraulic cylinder erection device schematic diagrames.
Figure 21 horizontal sliding hydraulic cylinder erection device B-B sectional views.
Figure 22 live post righting quadric chain schematic diagrames.
In Fig. 1, Y1, right cylinder pressure station, Y2, left cylinder pressure station, G1, feeding trolley, G2, feeding trolley, DG, feeding vehicle are slided Dynamic rail road, YGJ, cylinder pressure frame.
In Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 7,71, crane, 72, single rope fixed pulley, 73, duplex type fixed pulley, 74, duplex type is dynamic slides Wheel, 75, long steel wire rope, 76, strap, 77, wire rope clamps, 78, synchronous connected body, 79, lifting hydraulic cylinder, 80, steel Cord fixing card, 81 duplex type movable pulleys, 82 duplex type fixed pulleys, 83, strap, 84, long steel wire rope, 85, single rope fixed pulley, 86th, two power take by force, 87 connected body slideways, and 88, pulley pin shaft, 89, live post locking nut, 90, hydraulic cylinder fixing bolt.
In Fig. 8,50, lifting motor, 51, adapter sleeve, 52, motor fixing seat, 53, bearing, 54, turn-screw, 55, top Wheel, 56, bearing pin, 57, bearing pin, 59, bearing pin, 62, bearing pin, 58, help post hydraulic cylinder, 60, guide sleeve, 61, nut, 63, help post device Connecting rod.
In Fig. 9, YJ, housiung separator, SG, turn-screw (numbering 54 in Fig. 8).
Figure 11, Tu12Zhong, 11, rack, 12, gear fixed seat, 13, bolt, 14, frame, 15, connecting bolt, 16, hold tightly Hydraulic cylinder, 17, bolt, 18, V-type clamper, 19, central gear, 20, lifting platform.
In Figure 13,30, column frame, 31, insert-pull pin, 32, stage clip, 33, pin sleeve, 34, end cap, 35, extension spring, 36, electricity Push away cylinder, 37, bearing pin, 38, electrical pushing cylinder bearing.
In Figure 14,1, tighten bolt, 2, pulley yoke, 3, fixed pulley, 4, pulley pin shaft, 5, connecting plate, 6, U-shaped card ring, 7, Steel wire rope, 14, frame, 18, V-type clamper.
In Figure 16,101, press-in cylinder, 102, press-in cylinder movable stand, 103, fixed pulley bearing pin, 104, fixed pulley frame, 105, fixed Pulley, 106, steel wire rope, 107, help post roller, 108, help post support arm, 109, rotary shaft, 110, rotation dish, 111, steel wire rope Card, 113, support sliding sleeve, 114, two people take by force, 115, lifting carriage frame, 116, hydraulic cylinder tailstock 1,117, hydraulic cylinder bearing pin, 118, Hydraulic cylinder, 119, the fixing bolt of tailstock 2,120, the fixed plate of tailstock 2,121, hydraulic cylinder adjusting bracket, 122, help post height adjusting holes, 123rd, bottom fixed pulley, 124, bottom fixed pulley frame, 125, bottom fixed pulley bearing pin.
In Figure 17,112, snap ring.
In Figure 18,123-1, bottom fixed pulley I, 123-2, bottom fixed pulley II, 123-3, bottom fixed pulley III, 124- 1st, bottom fixed pulley frame I, 124-2, bottom fixed pulley frame II, 124-3, bottom fixed pulley frame III, 125-1, bottom fixed pulley pin Axle I, 125-2, bottom fixed pulley bearing pin II, 125-3, bottom fixed pulley bearing pin III.
In Figure 19,105, fixed pulley, 105-1, fixed pulley, 110-1, rotation dish, 110-2, rotation dish, 110-3, rotation Disk, 110-4, rotation dish, 123, bottom fixed pulley, 123-1, bottom fixed pulley I, 123-2, bottom fixed pulley II, 123-3, bottom Portion fixed pulley III, 111, wire line shoe, D, strap, Z, middle steel wire rope, C, long steel wire rope, 118, help post hydraulic cylinder, 114, Two people take by force, H, live post, and 108, help post support arm.
In Figure 20,201, cylinder pressure frame, 202, slidably posting, 203, hydraulic cylinder.
In Figure 21,204, bearing pin, 205, V-type gripping block.
In Figure 22,301, rotating shaft core, 302, rotating bar, 303, push away cylinder, 304, connecting rod I, 305, connecting rod II, 306, fixed Bar, 307, sliding pin, 308, connecting rod III, 309, connecting rod IV
Embodiment
This vertical disassemblerassembler of hydraulic support column including double car double flow charts, synchronization lifting frame structure are inserted Pull pin positioner, synchronous Fu Gang mechanisms, machinery helps column device, intelligent electric control system.Embodiment is as follows:(1), double cars Double flow chart.See Fig. 1,2,3.The frame base of original equipment L-type and vertical beam are separated, vertical beam is welded on steel perpendicular to the ground On plate pedestal, constitute new cylinder pressure frame YGJ.Vertical beam front bottom plate fix a horizontal accumbency feeding vehicle sliding rail DG, Track DG length is more than the width of three feeding trolleys.Right working position feeding trolley G1, left station feeding trolley G2, be separated by it is certain Spacing is emitted on feeding vehicle sliding rail DG table tops.Left and right station feeding trolley G2, G1 structure is identical, quantity is two, right Station feeding trolley G1, left station feeding trolley G2 bottoms have a piston rod type hydraulic cylinder, and right side Hydraulic Cylinder is sent into Dolly G1 can come and go sliding at centre position to the right cylinder pressure station Y1, and left side Hydraulic Cylinder feeding trolley G2 can be in centre Sliding is come and gone at the cylinder pressure station Y2 to the left of position, each other to be individually operated, non-interference, double cycle operation is realized Do not shut down.Changer is in centre position operation, the feeding trolley G1 that is parked at the cylinder pressure station Y1 of right side can be carried out it is next Hanging for individual column loads operation.After changer completes the dismantlement work of centre position cylinder body, the pulling feeding of left side hydraulic cylinder Dolly G2, move to lean on to left side cylinder pressure station Y2 the waiting of loading operation and more renew of hanging for locating progress column from centre position and tear vertical open Post, the rotation of this operation process alternating, left and right cycle operation, operating efficiency are enhanced about more than once.Workpiece feeding trolley G1, G2 are in itself Structure has simply laid down original ratchet, ratchet bar detent mechanism etc., has used plug pin positioning device for use instead and new same without big change Bu Fu cylinders mechanism.
Newly-designed cylinder pressure frame YGJ, is welded, housiung separator YJ is shaped as rectangle, crossbeam YJ lower planes using steel plate Pressured cylinder frame YGJ fixes support, and the former heel post of fuselage cradle front end two is removed without the pressure scuffing of cylinder bore mechanism on its crossbeam, which is moved, to be mounted in On new cylinder pressure housiung separator YJ after improvement or original big stroke hydraulic cylinder, its global design structure is constant but pressure is drawn Cylinder mechanism quantity will increase to two sets.The station of left, center, right three is set on cylinder pressure housiung separator YJ, and middle position is the work of original host Make position.Two casing pressure scuffing of cylinder bore mechanisms are split at right cylinder pressure station Y1 and left cylinder pressure station Y2, the pressure scuffing of cylinder bore bore by both sides with Housiung separator (YJ) is connected.Unlike before transformation, due to left and right station feeding trolley G2, G1, lifting platform positioning side Formula is changed to plug pin positioning device for use, can Bidirectional locking lifting platform 20, and it is special to press scuffing of cylinder bore piston rod top ends to mix again Pulling claw, pressure scuffing of cylinder bore can not only be pressed downward live post and enter cylinder but also can lift live post upwards to go out cylinder, realize the purpose of two-way operation.
(2) feeder lift cart lifting platform drive form, is improved, the feeding trolley promoted using single hydraulic cylinder is synchronous Crane structure, lifting platform synchronization lifting, the first former feeder feeding trolley lifting of removal are realized by dynamic fixed pulley combination The both sides hydraulic cylinder of platform, wherein one lifting hydraulic cylinder 79 is taken to be fixed on former propelling trolley G1 frameworks with hydraulic cylinder fixing bolt 90 The below the crossbeam of structure, its underpart live post of lifting hydraulic cylinder 79 is fixed on one with synchronous connected body 78 with live post locking nut 89 Rise, two duplex type movable pulleys 74 and 81 are hinged by pulley pin shaft 88 and pulley yoke on synchronous connected body 78, then pulley yoke is again It is welded on synchronous connected body 78, four fixed pulleys (single rope fixed pulley 72, duplex type fixed pulley 73, duplex type fixed pulley 82, Dan Shengding Pulley 85) it is hinged by pulley pin shaft 88 and pulley yoke, then pulley yoke is welded on the crossbeam of propelling trolley G1 frame structures again On four angles of lower section, the fag end lower end of four steel wire ropes 75,76,83,84 on duplex type movable pulley 74 and 81 is fixed on crane On 71 four angles, when the live post of lifting hydraulic cylinder 79 is stretched out, the pulley of synchronous connected body 78 and duplex type movable pulley 74 and 81 is driven Frame is moved downward simultaneously, and four steel wire ropes (long steel wire rope 75, strap 76, strap 83, long steel wire rope 84) are led to respectively The guiding of four fixed pulleys (single rope fixed pulley 72, duplex type fixed pulley 73, duplex type fixed pulley 82, single rope fixed pulley 85) is crossed, respectively Drive the synchronous motion upwards of four fixed angles of crane 71 because 74,81 be movable pulley, two wire rope clamps 77, In the case that 80 fix 75,76,83, the 84 steel wire rope other ends, the movement length of four steel wire rope movable ends is lifting hydraulic cylinder Twice of 79 movement lengths, realizes crane synchronously rising.To ensure that synchronous connected body 78 can realize the dynamic cunning of two duplex types The synchronization lifting of wheel 74 and 81, the live post of lifting hydraulic cylinder 79 couples with the connection of synchronous connected body 78 for hardness, to prevent lifting Hydraulic cylinder 79 bears the effect of torsion, and a fixed connection track body 87, connector are respectively set in the synchronous both sides of connected body 78 Track 87 is welded in the two root posts of feeding trolley G1 main frames, and synchronous connected body 78 is oriented to coordinating through track 87, Avoid the synchronous partial twist of connected body 78, it is ensured that the synchronization lifting of crane 71.For ease of the adjustment of net synchronization capability, four steel wires The fixing end of rope 75,76,83,84 and crane 71 is assembled with two and power takes 86 by force, and the bolt that adjustment two is power taken by force on 86 can more preferably expire The realization of sufficient synchronization lifting.When crane 71 falls, because crane 71 has deadweight in itself, there is nature to decline power, once rise When the live post of descending liquid cylinder pressure 79 bounces back, crane 71 will drive four steel wire ropes 75,76,83,84 also respectively while move downward, The guiding that four steel wire ropes pass through four fixed pulleys 72,73,82,85 so that steel wire rope 75,76,83,84 fixed pulley 72,73, 82nd, the also synchronous motion upwards of two movable pulleys 74 and 81 on 85 opposite sides motion upwards simultaneously again, synchronous connected body 78, drives The also motion upwards simultaneously of synchronous connected body 78, now steel wire rope 75,76,83,84 is also respectively while motion upwards, is so lifted The retraction of hydraulic cylinder 79 will not cause steel wire rope 75,76,83,84 is loose to cause failure, it is achieved thereby that under the stabilization of crane Drop.
Plug pin positioning device for use is shown in Figure 13, and former feeding trolley elevating mechanism positioning method is reequiped, and removal is sent into small Ratchet bar and detent mechanism on vehicle device frame, get at the vertical beam correct position of frame 14 in uniform location hole, four vertical beams Hole position and pore size should match with insert-pull pin 31, and electrical pushing cylinder bearing 38 is welded in feeding trolley frame, and the tail end of electrical pushing cylinder 36 is used Bearing pin 37 is hinged, and 35 1 hooks of extension spring are enclosed on its preceding shaft end, other end and are enclosed on the afterbody shaft end of insert-pull pin 31, drawing through the hook of end cap 34 The end face of spring 35 is close in its right end face of end cap 34.Stage clip 32 is mounted in the inner chamber of pin sleeve 33, is enclosed on the afterbody shaft end of insert-pull pin 31 , end cap 34 in the inner part screw threads for fastening in the right-hand member of pin sleeve 33.When tearing cylinder operation open, work is risen in feeding trolley G1 or G2 high When spending, powered to electrical pushing cylinder 36, stretch out the central shaft of electrical pushing cylinder 36, compress extension spring 35, insert-pull pin 31 in the presence of stage clip 32, Column frame 30 produces precompression.Manipulate feeding trolley G1 or G2 to continue to rise or fall, bearing pin is entered column frame 30 On pin-and-hole, feeding trolley G1 or G2 are locked in this height at once.Powered after the completion of dismounting operation, to electrical pushing cylinder 36, The central shaft of electrical pushing cylinder 36 is set to retract, the dynamic insert-pull pin 31 of hook is pulled out from inside to outside from the pin-and-hole of column frame 30 simultaneously to stretching, extension is returned for extension spring 35 Go out, hereafter just operable feeding trolley rises or falls, into subsequent work position.The effect of stage clip 32, be ensure insert-pull pin 31 all the time with certain pressure, be pressed against on the slip plane of column frame 30, beneficial to the smooth positioning of next pin-and-hole.
It is flexible coupling between the central shaft of electrical pushing cylinder 36 and insert-pull pin 31 using extension spring 35, overload damage, synchronism will not be produced Can good, reliability be high and easy care.Equipment after this transformation and upgrade, pulling force and pressure can be born simultaneously, solve same Mechanically worked continuously simultaneously into lifting live post, dismounting oil cylinder on changer, production efficiency is enhanced about more than once.
(3), Curve guide impeller synchronization Fu Gang mechanisms.Two kinds of embodiments:Synchromesh gear slides Fu Gang mechanisms or fixed pulley steel Cord synchronization Fu Gang mechanisms.Synchromesh gear sliding Fu Gang mechanisms as shown in Figure 11,12, will be promoted on the left of former feeding trolley lifting platform Holding hydraulic cylinder 16 on the right side of oil cylinder dismounting, reservation.The cunning for holding the preceding shaft end of hydraulic cylinder 16 and right side V-type clamper 18 tightly on right side Moving frame is fixed together, and the travelling carriage both sides of the V-type clamper 18 on right side respectively have a secondary rack 11, its tooth top end down with Heart gear 19 is engaged, and the travelling carriage both sides of the V-type clamper 18 in left side also respectively have a secondary rack 11, its tooth top end upward with Heart gear 19 is engaged.Central gear 19 is fixed on the table top of lifting platform 20 by pinion stand 12, central gear 19 can be around its axle center Rotation.Hold the pistons end of hydraulic cylinder 16 tightly to be fixed together by connecting bolt 15 with the travelling carriage of V-type clamper 18, rack Fixed between 11 and the travelling carriage of V-type clamper 18 with bolt 13.During the holding hydraulic cylinder 16 on right side drives when promoting the movement of rack 11 Heart gear 19 is rotated, synchronous backward is moved left side rack 11 therewith, the synchronous outwardly or inwardly folding of two V-type clampers 18, complete Acted into cylinder body is clamped.Bolt 17, which is used for fastening, holds hydraulic cylinder 16 tightly.Ratchet, screw mechanism in frame 14 are unloaded in advance Remove.This set synchromesh gear slipping mechanism newly increased, because driving error is small, it is ensured that oil cylinder to be torn open and tighten same between head Heart locating effect.
As shown in figure 14, pulley pin shaft 4 is tight through the centre bore of fixed pulley 3, two ends for fixed pulley steel wire rope synchronization Fu Gang mechanisms Gu on pulley yoke 2, fixed pulley 3 can be rotated around pulley pin shaft 4, and pulley yoke 2 has four, 20 table top of lifting platform four is seated in Two are welded with angle, on the rear side riser of pulley yoke 2 and tightens bolt 1, are tightened after bolt 1 passes through frame 14 and are fastened on frame with nut On 14, the elastic power for adjusting steel wire rope 7 is drilled with three holes, upper, middle and lower arrangement on connecting plate 5, and bore dia is more than twice The diameter of steel wire rope 7.Two bottoms of connecting plate 5 are welded in the left travelling carriage both sides of V-type clamper 18, another two connecting plate 5 respectively Bottom is welded in the right travelling carriage both sides of V-type clamper 18 respectively.The fag end of steel wire rope 7 in upper position is first from V-type clamping Passed through on the right travelling carriage of device 18 in the inner side lower opening of side connecting plate 5, up around after right side fixed pulley 3, forward from the outside of connecting plate 5 Passed through in upper hole, the downward wraparound of fag end is passed from interstitial hole, upward wraparound is passed through from the upper hole in the outside of connecting plate 5 again, and steel wire rope 7 is restricted Head is moved ahead, passed through from the upper hole in the outside of side connecting plate on the left travelling carriage of V-type clamper 18 5 to the left again, is slided surely down around left side Passed after wheel 3 from the inner side lower opening of connecting plate 5, fag end from interstitial hole back up around passing through, further around returning under the inner side of connecting plate 5 Hole is passed through, and overhanging 7 liang of fag ends of steel wire rope are overlapped together and are fastened on the right side of connecting plate 5 with a U-shaped card ring 6, positioned at even The steel wire rope 7 in the left side of fishplate bar 5 is then fastened (as shown in Figure 15) with another U-shaped card ring 6, and steel wire rope 7 constitutes one with fixed pulley 3 Close driving-chain;Similarly, the fag end of steel wire rope 7 in lower position is first under the right travelling carriage of V-type clamper 18 in side connecting plate 5 Pass through, passed through down around after right side fixed pulley 3, forward from the apertura lateralis of connecting plate 5, fag end unrolled from interstitial hole in side opening Pass, passed through from the apertura lateralis of connecting plate 5 downwards, the fag end of steel wire rope 7 moves ahead, on the downside of the left travelling carriage of V-type clamper 18 to the left again Passed through in the apertura lateralis of connecting plate 5, up around being passed after left side fixed pulley 3 from the inboard aperture of connecting plate 5, fag end, which unrolls downwards, to be worn Cross interstitial hole and passed further around top is gone back to from the inboard aperture of connecting plate 5, overhanging 7 liang of fag ends of steel wire rope are overlapped together with a U Type snap ring 6 is fastened on the right side of connecting plate 5, and the steel wire rope 7 positioned at the left side of connecting plate 5 is then fastened with another U-shaped card ring 6, steel wire Another closing driving-chain of rope 7 and the composition of fixed pulley 3;Careful tightening bolt 1, making two steel wire ropes 7 on four angles of adjustment Elastic power is consistent, and when hydraulic cylinder 16 promotes left side V-type clamper 18 to move, transmits dynamic by connecting plate 5, steel wire rope 7 Power, the advanced in unison of right side V-type clamper 18 or retrogressing, realization are clamped and unclamped.This structure can realize both sides V-type clamper 18 synchronizing moving, simple in construction, easy to maintenance, manufacturing cost is low.
(4), newly increase machinery and help column device, the present invention is disclosed directly below four kinds of embodiments:Column device is helped in guide rod clamping, is put Arm bull stick helps column device, horizontal sliding hydraulic cylinder erection device, live post righting quadric chain.Guide rod clamping help column device such as Fig. 8,9, Shown in 10, the machinery helps column device, is integrally attached on the double operation cylinder pressure frame YGJ after improving.Lifting motor 50 is leaned on Adapter sleeve 51 is fixed in motor fixing seat 52, motor fixing seat 52 is then fixed on cylinder pressure frame YGJ, and bearing 53 is sleeved on biography Move on leading screw 54, bearing outer ring is fixed in motor fixing seat 52.Nut 61 is connected on guide sleeve 60, helps post device connecting rod 63 to lead to Cross bearing pin 62 to be hinged on the slide of guide sleeve 60, help be hinged with bearing pin 57 on the forearm of post device connecting rod 63 and help the piston of post hydraulic cylinder 58 Bar, the cylinder body afterbody bearing pin 59 of post hydraulic cylinder 58 is helped to be articulated with the slide of guide sleeve 60.The top of post device connecting rod 63 is helped equipped with top wheel 55, be hinged with bearing pin 56, top wheel 55 outer shapes into V-type, be easy to buttress live post.There are two sets at each cylinder pressure station Y2, Y1 Machinery helps column device, installed in cylinder pressure frame YGJ relative positions, synchronous averaging, in the same direction rotation when two lifting motors 50 work Turn, synchronizing moving.After live post hangs support position, start live post lifting motor 50, drive turn-screw 54 to rotate, guide sleeve 60 slides move down into suitable support position, and post hydraulic cylinder 58 is helped, by the stroke of hydraulic cylinder 58 for different cylinder diameters, workman's manipulation Change, make top take turns 55 to help post device connecting rod 63 to swing for radius, realize the positioning to live post.
Swing arm bull stick helps column device as shown in Figure 16,17,18, package unit by two fixed pulleys 105,105-1 and four Bottom fixed pulley 123 and 123-1,123-2,123-3, add rotation dish 110,110-1, and steel wire rope 106,106-1, two people take by force 114th, the part such as wire line shoe 111 constitutes the steel wire rope synchronous interaction mechanism of a closing.Two bolts that two people take by force in 114 are used In elastic and two rotation dish 109, the synchronisms of 109-1 support arm beats of regulation steel wire rope 106.Fixed pulley 105,105-1 Fixed pulley frame 104 is hinged on bearing pin 103,103-1, on 104-1, two fixed pulley framves 104,104-1 chassis portions are not welded Be pressed into be drilled with the vertical beam top of cylinder movable stand 102, the vertical beam of movable stand 102 be equally spaced help post height adjusting holes 122, help post branch Brace 108 and 108-1 outer shapes are welded into H types framework, by two blocks of steel plates, head H type opening it is built-in help post roller 107, 107-1, is hinged with rotary shaft 109, and rotation dish 110,110-1, which are welded, is helping post support arm 108 and 108-1 afterbody H type biside plates Outside, support sliding sleeve 113 is first slid into after proper height, will help the and of post support arm 108 respectively again in the vertical beam of movable stand 102 108-1 afterbody side plate H type openings are caught in support sliding sleeve 113 both sides, align centre bore, insertion rotary shaft 109 and are hinged, use snap ring again 112 two axial restraints.Bottom fixed pulley 123,123-1 are hinged on bottom fixed pulley with bottom fixed pulley bearing pin 125,125-1 On frame 124,124-1, bottom fixed pulley frame 124,124-1 are welded in the vertical beam bottom of movable stand 102.Two people, which take by force on 114, two Be arranged above and below fixed shaft end, be connected respectively with two adjustment bolts in lifting carriage frame 115, for adjusting two distance between axles also just It is the tightness for adjusting steel wire rope.Lifting carriage frame 115 is hollow sliding sleeve, set intracavity diameter, shape and the vertical beam of movable stand 102 Match, cofree can slide.Another outside bottom of lifting carriage frame 115 is welded with tailstock I fixed plates 116, helps post hydraulic cylinder 118 afterbody hydraulic cylinder bearing pins 117 are hinged in tailstock II fixed plates 120, the tailstock II fixing bolts of tailstock II fixed plates 120 119 are fastened on and help on post hydraulic cylinder adjusting bracket 121.The piston rod end hydraulic cylinder bearing pin 117 of post hydraulic cylinder 118 is helped to be hinged on liquid In cylinder pressure tailstock I fixed plates 116, post hydraulic cylinder adjusting bracket 121 is helped to be fixed on the vertical beam of movable stand 102 with rotary shaft 109 properly high On degree.Bottom fixed pulley 123 is mounted in bottom fixed pulley frame 124, is inserted and is hinged in axis hole with bottom fixed pulley bearing pin 125, bottom Portion's fixed pulley frame 124 is welded on frame bottom girder.Bottom fixed pulley I 123-1, bottom fixed pulley II 123-2, bottom fixed pulley III 123-3, it is attached separately to bottom fixed pulley frame I 124-2, bottom fixed pulley frame II 124-3, bottom fixed pulley frame III In 125-1, then bottom fixed pulley bearing pin I 125-2, bottom fixed pulley bearing pin II 125-3, bottom fixed pulley bearing pin are used respectively It is hinged in III insertion axis holes, their bottom is welded on frame bottom girder.
Steel wire rope 106 has three, distinguished with C, Z, D.The order of connection of steel wire rope 106 is following (see Figure 19):D steel wires Rope 106 is clamped on rotation dish 110-1 disks with wire line shoe 111, up around fixed pulley 105, two people is looped back to still further below and are taken by force Shaft end is fixed with U-shaped rope card on 114;The initiating terminal of Z steel wire ropes 106 is scheduled on two people with U-shaped rope fixing and takes 114 lower shaft ends by force, and it is downward Through bottom fixed pulley 123, bottom fixed pulley 123-1 lower end is reached, is turned around up to drum on the left of rotation dish 110-3 half Circle, is clamped on rotation dish 110-3 fronts with wire line shoe 111;C steel wire ropes 106 are clamped on rotation dish with wire line shoe 111 110-2 fronts, to the right around half-turn, down around bottom fixed pulley 123-3, further around bottom fixed pulley 123-2 is crossed, up around fixed Pulley 105-1, bypasses rotating wheel 110-4 wire line shoes 111 from left side still further below and is clamped on thereon.When helping post hydraulic cylinder 118 When withdrawing completely, post support arm 108 and 108-1 are helped topmost (shown position), when helping post hydraulic cylinder 118 fully extended, Post support arm 108 is helped in bottom.Because steel wire rope 106 is coupled using closed loop, it is ensured that help synchronism and the centralized positioning of post Accuracy.
Help during post, help post support arm 108 and 108-1 to do beat motion, two help between post roller 107 and 107-1 away from From can voluntarily adjust change, the live post diameter of all size is adapted to.It is most favourable to ensure to help post support arm 108 and 108-1 to be in Operating position, helps column device to be provided with height adjustment mechanism, and change helps post hydraulic cylinder 118 and helps post hydraulic cylinder adjusting bracket 121 Position, it is possible to meet wider height stroke needs.Change the operating pressure for helping post hydraulic cylinder 118, bidirectional hydraulic is installed Lock, the change for helping column pressure and position self-locking can be met the need for.Fixed bolt 112 is used to help post support arm 108,108-1 The fixation of whole height position, after helping post position to determine, is fixed with fixed bolt 112 and helps post support arm 108 and 108-1 to slide Set, just can realize beat function.Help post height adjusting holes 122 be used for adjust help the home position of post hydraulic cylinder 118, for indirect Post support arm 108,108-1 height are helped in adjustment, just can use various ways pre- with fixation after the determination of its altitude range.To protect Card the elastic of steel wire rope 106 is not influenceed by deflection angle, and steel wire rope 106 is helping post support arm 108, arcuately rail on 108-1 Mark is moved, and makes the movement locus total distance of steel wire rope 106 of tension and feeding constant, helps the elastic suitable, gap of post support dynamics to fit In, helped live post not rock, do not damage live post surface, it is ensured that the invertibity that steel wire rope 106 is acted.No matter two help post to support Arm 108 and 108-1 beats all do not loosen gap to where position, it is ensured that help the bi-directional synchronization of column device.Help post support arm 108 centralized positionings when helping post with 108-1 are accurate, the amplitude that swings is identical, and action is synchronous, and strong applicability disclosure satisfy that difference The requirement of live post diameter and height.
Equidistant dowel hole is pre-machined out as shown in Figure 20,21 in horizontal sliding hydraulic cylinder erection device on cylinder pressure frame 201, The cylinder body afterbody of hydraulic cylinder 203 is welded on slidably posting 202, and slidably posting 202 is rectangle hollow framework, is enclosed on pressure Freely slidable on cylinder frame 201, the back of V-type gripping block 205 is welded in the piston rod end of hydraulic cylinder 203, and the device or so respectively has It is a set of, symmetrical to lay.Need during righting live post, first with bearing pin 204 that slidably posting 202 is fixed on cylinder pressure frame 201 by left and right On upper correct position, two hydraulic cylinders 203 of operation protract, drive left and right V-type gripping block 205 inwardly to close up righting live post.Live post pressure Enter after cylinder body to manipulate that two hydraulic cylinders 203 bounce back, left and right V-type gripping block 205 just can unclamp live post again, be ready for helping next time Post.
As shown in figure 22, live post righting quadric chain is by rotating shaft core 301, rotating bar for live post righting quadric chain 302nd, push away cylinder 303, connecting rod I 304, connecting rod II 305, fix bar 306, sliding pin 307, connecting rod III 308, connecting rod IV 309 Composition, during work, according to the requirement for helping pillar height degree, is first locked in correct position in frame vertical beam with screw by rotating shaft core 301, Rotating bar 302 is enclosed on rotating shaft core 301, can turned round around rotating shaft core 301, there is an extension straight-bar, connecting rod IV in rotating bar 302 The hole in 309 stage casings, with hinge in the pin-and-hole of straight-bar front end, the hole in the stage casings of connecting rod I 304, with hinge in straight-bar stage casing In pin-and-hole, the other ends of connecting rod IV 309 left ends of hinge connecting rod III 308, the other end bearing pins of connecting rod I 304 are by connecting rod The left ends of II 305 and push away cylinder 303 piston rod end it is hinged.The tail end of fix bar 306 is welded to protract in rotating shaft core 301 In the middle part of straight-bar, slip elongated slot is provided with the middle of the right-hand member of fix bar 306, sliding pin 307 is passed through, by connective pole II in elongated slot from sliding 305 right-hand members, the right-hand members of connecting rod III 308 are hinged, and sliding pin 307 drives connective pole II when sliding and being slided in elongated slot 305th, connecting rod III 308, connecting rod IV 309, connecting rod I 304 do open and close movement together.Push away the cylinder body afterbody hinge of cylinder 303 On the extension straight-bar afterbody boss of rotating bar 302.Need to help during post, the artificial external force that imposes rotates rotating bar 302 to shown position, Operation pushes away that cylinder 303 is withdrawn, the connecting rod I 304 in drivening rod mechanism and connecting rod IV 309 are drawn close to the center line of fix bar 306, even Inwardly draw in, so as to clamp live post the leading section of bar IV 309 and the bars of connecting rod I 304.Hydraulic cylinder oil liquid pressure is adjusted, can be changed This mechanism clamps dynamics, and manipulation pushes away cylinder stroke, can the live post diameter that can clamp of changing mechanism.
(5), intelligent electric control system.Re-optimization devises electric control system, by installing pressure sensor reality additional Force-increasing mechanism is showed and has tightened and automatically switched problem between work head motor action.Intelligent pressure sensor can automatic detection operated Journey, converses torque output situation curve, when moment of torsion is less than the moment of torsion of motor according to detection data system software, can turn automatically Change motoring mode into, work head horse is tightened up to rotation can continuously be dismantled automatically, without manually intervening again, realizing dismounting Column auto-control is operated.System is furnished with rotating speed detecting system, reflection can dismount speed in real time, give staff to provide reference Data.After improvement the automaticity of equipment it is high, without manual intervention, more conducively repair producer and promote the use of.Use intelligent electric Control mode replaces the manual control of original equipment, improves system reliability.Intelligent electric control system circuit principle is omited here Go not introduce.
Specific work process is as follows:Cylinder body is put into feeding trolley (such as right working position feeding trolley G1) during work, driven a vehicle Live post is hung to above the cylinder pressure station Y1 of right side, according to live post length, lifting motor 50 is operated, machinery is made by turn-screw 54 Column device is helped to be raised to correct position.Post hydraulic cylinder 58 is helped in operation, makes to help post device connecting rod 63 to stretch out to lower swing, and two top wheels 55 are synchronous Inwardly hold tightly, clamp live post bar.Right working position feeding trolley G1 will treat that cylinder pressure body is moved to directly over live post bar, and the pressure above frame is drawn Oil cylinder is pressed into live post in cylinder body, helps post hydraulic cylinder 58 to retract.In Fig. 9, pressure scuffing of cylinder bore housiung separator YJ effect is connection and branch Bulging scuffing of cylinder bore frame YGJ crossbeams YJ's, turn-screw SG is exactly turn-screw 54 shown in Fig. 8.
This vertical disassemblerassembler of hydraulic support column, its equipment overall performance is more perfect, dismounts the quality of cylinder operation Significantly improve, double cycle operation, alleviate labor strength, simplify mode of operation, improve operation accuracy, Du The environmental pollution at dismounting scene absolutely, solve in the equipment and meanwhile complete to tear open guide sleeve, dress guide sleeve, live post pull out, The shop problem of live post press-in, operating efficiency is enhanced about more than once, and has not only extended the service life of machinery but also has reduced maintenance cost With, particularly safety hazards, more conducively marketing are eliminated from source, with positive realistic meaning.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of vertical disassemblerassembler of hydraulic support column, including double car double flow charts, synchronization lifting frame structure, plug Pin positioning device for use, synchronous Fu Gang mechanisms, machinery helps column device, intelligent electric control system, it is characterized in that:Described double cars duplex Position flow chart, cylinder pressure frame (YGJ) is shaped as rectangle, the pressured cylinder machine of lower plane using steel plate welding, housiung separator (YJ) The station of left, center, right three is set on the fixed support of frame (YGJ), housiung separator (YJ), middle position is the working position of original host, two sets Pressure scuffing of cylinder bore mechanism is split at right cylinder pressure station (Y1), left cylinder pressure station (Y2) place, horizontal by the pressure scuffing of cylinder bore bore and frame of both sides Beam (YJ) is connected, and cylinder pressure frame (YGJ) vertical beam front bottom plate fixes the feeding vehicle sliding rail (DG) of a horizontal accumbency, rail Road (DG) length is more than the width of three feeding trolleys, and left and right station feeding trolley (G2), (G1) structure are identical, quantity is two Platform, is separated by certain spacing and is emitted on feeding vehicle sliding rail (DG) table top, feeding trolley (G1), (G2) bottom have one Piston rod type hydraulic cylinder, feeding trolley (G1) can be from centre position to the right cylinder pressure station (Y1) under the Hydraulic Cylinder of right side Toward polyslip, feeding trolley (G2) can back and forth be slided under the Hydraulic Cylinder of left side from centre position to the left cylinder pressure station (Y2) Move;
Described synchronization lifting frame structure, lifting hydraulic cylinder (79) is fixed on feeding trolley (G1) with hydraulic cylinder fixing bolt (90) The below the crossbeam of frame structure, lifting hydraulic cylinder (79) bottom live post is solid with live post locking nut (89) with synchronous connected body (78) It is scheduled on together, the synchronous upper two duplex type movable pulleys (74) of connected body (78) and (81) are cut with scissors by pulley pin shaft (88) and pulley yoke Connect, the pulley yoke is welded on synchronous connected body (78), single rope fixed pulley (72), duplex type fixed pulley (73), duplex type fixed pulley (82), single rope fixed pulley (85) is hinged by pulley pin shaft (88) with pulley yoke, and four pulley yokes are welded on feeding trolley again (G1) on four angles of the below the crossbeam of frame structure, four steel wire ropes (75), (76) on duplex type movable pulley (74) and (81), (83), (86) upper end is power taken in (84) fag end lower end connection two by force, and two, which power take (86) lower end by force, is fixed on four angles of crane (71), When lifting hydraulic cylinder (79) live post is stretched out, synchronous connected body (78) and duplex type movable pulley (74) and the pulley yoke of (81) are driven simultaneously Move downward, synchronous connected body (78) both sides respectively set a fixed connection track body (87), connector track (87) In the two root posts for being welded on feeding trolley (G1) main frame;
Described plug pin positioning device for use, it is characterized in that:Uniform location hole is got at former frame vertical beam correct position, four are stood Hole position and pore size on beam should be with insert-pull pin (31) be matched, and electrical pushing cylinder bearing (38) is welded in feeding trolley frame, electricity Push away cylinder (36) tail end to be hinged with bearing pin (37), extension spring (35) one, which hooks to be enclosed on its preceding shaft end, other end and hook through end cap (34), to be covered Abutted against in insert-pull pin (31) afterbody shaft end, extension spring (35) end face in end cap (34) its right end face, stage clip (32) is mounted in pin sleeve (33) inner chamber, be enclosed on insert-pull pin (31) afterbody shaft end, end cap (34) in the inner part screw threads for fastening in pin sleeve (33) right-hand member, electrical pushing cylinder (36) it is flexible coupling between central shaft and insert-pull pin (31) using extension spring (35);
Described synchronous Fu Gang mechanisms, or using synchromesh gear sliding Fu Gang mechanisms, it is characterized in that:The holding hydraulic cylinder on right side (16) travelling carriage of the V-type clamper (18) of preceding shaft end and right side is fixed together, the travelling carriage of the V-type clamper (18) on right side Respectively there is a secondary rack (11) on both sides, and its tooth top end is engaged with central gear (19) down, the cunning of the V-type clamper (18) in left side Moving frame both sides also respectively have a secondary rack (11), its tooth top end to be engaged upward with central gear (19), and central gear (19) passes through Pinion stand (12) is fixed on lifting platform (20) table top, central gear (19) can rotate around its axle center, holds hydraulic cylinder (16) tightly living Stopper rod end is fixed together with V-type clamper (18) travelling carriage by connecting bolt (15), and rack (11) is clamped with V-type Fixed with bolt (13) between device (18) travelling carriage, the holding hydraulic cylinder (16) on right side drives centre tooth when promoting rack (11) mobile Taking turns (19) rotation, left side rack (11), synchronous backward is moved therewith, the synchronous outwardly or inwardly folding of two V-type clampers (18), complete Into cylinder body action is clamped, bolt (17) is to hold hydraulic cylinder (16) tightly for fastening;
Described synchronous Fu Gang mechanisms, or using fixed pulley steel wire rope synchronization Fu Gang mechanisms, it is characterized in that:Pulley pin shaft (4) It is fastened on through fixed pulley (3) centre bore, two ends on pulley yoke (2), fixed pulley (3) can be rotated around pulley pin shaft (4), pulley yoke (2) four are had, is seated on four angles of lifting platform (20) table top, being welded with two on riser on rear side of pulley yoke (2) tightens bolt (1), tighten bolt (1) through being fastened on nut in frame (8) after frame (8), three holes are drilled with connecting plate (5), it is upper in Lower arrangement, bore dia is more than twice steel wire rope (7) diameter, and two, left side connecting plate (5) bottom is welded in V-type clamping respectively The left travelling carriage both sides of device (18), two, right side connecting plate (5) bottom are welded in the right travelling carriage two of V-type clamper (18) respectively Side, steel wire rope (7) fag end in upper position is first from lower opening on the inside of side connecting plate (5) on V-type clamper (18) right travelling carriage In pass through, up around right side fixed pulley (3) afterwards, forward from being passed through on connecting plate (5) outside in hole, the downward wraparound of fag end is therefrom Between hole pass, upward wraparound is passed through from hole on connecting plate (5) outside again, steel wire rope (7) fag end again to the left move ahead, from V-type clamping Passed through on device (18) left travelling carriage on side connecting plate (5) outside in hole, down around after left side fixed pulley (3) from connecting plate (5) Passed in the lower opening of inner side, fag end, will be outer back up around passing through, being passed through further around returning from lower opening on the inside of connecting plate (5) from interstitial hole The fag end of steel wire rope (7) two stretched, which is overlapped together, to be fastened on a U-shaped card ring (6) on the right side of connecting plate (5), positioned at connecting plate (5) steel wire rope (7) on the left of is then fastened with another U-shaped card ring (6), and steel wire rope (7) constitutes a closing with fixed pulley (3) and passed Dynamic chain;Steel wire rope (7) fag end in lower position is first from side connecting plate (5) inboard aperture under V-type clamper (18) right travelling carriage In pass through, passed through afterwards, forward from connecting plate (5) apertura lateralis down around right side fixed pulley (3), fag end unrolled from interstitial hole Pass, from connecting plate (5), apertura lateralis is passed through downwards, steel wire rope (7) fag end is moved ahead, slided from V-type clamper (18) is left to the left again Pass through, up around being passed after left side fixed pulley (3) from connecting plate (5) inboard aperture, restricted in side connecting plate (5) apertura lateralis under frame Head unrolls downwards through interstitial hole further around being passed above returning from connecting plate (5) inboard aperture, and the overhanging fag end of steel wire rope (7) two is folded Force together and be fastened on a U-shaped card ring (6) on the right side of connecting plate (5), the steel wire rope (7) on the left of connecting plate (5) is then used Another U-shaped card ring (6) is fastened, and steel wire rope (7) constitutes another closing driving-chain with fixed pulley (3), tightens bolt (1), it is consistent the elastic power of two steel wire ropes (7), when hydraulic cylinder (16) promotes left side V-type clamper (18) mobile, Power is transmitted by connecting plate (5), steel wire rope (7), right side V-type clamper (18) advanced in unison or retrogressing, realize clamp and Unclamp;
Described machinery helps column device, or helps column device using guide rod clamping, it is characterized in that:It is fixed on cylinder pressure frame (YGJ) On, lifting motor (50) is fixed in motor fixing seat (52) by adapter sleeve (51), motor fixing seat (52) is fixed on cylinder pressure machine On frame (YGJ), bearing (53) is sleeved on turn-screw (54), bearing outer ring is fixed in motor fixing seat (52), nut (61) it is connected on guide sleeve (60), helps post device connecting rod (63) to be hinged on by bearing pin (62) on guide sleeve (60) slide, helps post It is hinged on device connecting rod (63) forearm with bearing pin (57) and helps post hydraulic cylinder (58) piston rod, helps post hydraulic cylinder (58) cylinder body afterbody pin Axle (59) is articulated with guide sleeve (60) slide, is helped at the top of post device connecting rod (63) equipped with top wheel (55), is hinged with bearing pin (56), is pushed up Wheel (55) outer shape into V-type, be easy to buttress live post, each cylinder pressure station (Y2), (Y1) place have two sets of machineries help column device, Installed in cylinder pressure frame (YGJ) relative position, top wheel (55) is realized to live post with helping post device connecting rod (63) to be swung for radius Positioning;
Described machinery helps column device, or helps column device using swing arm bull stick, it is characterized in that:Package unit is by fixed pulley (105), (105-1) and bottom fixed pulley (123), (123-1), (123-2), (123-3), rotation dish (110), (110-1), steel Cord (106), (106-1), two people take the steel wire rope synchronous interaction that the part such as (114), wire line shoe (111) constitutes a closing by force Mechanism, fixed pulley (105), (105-1) are hinged on fixed pulley frame (104) with bearing pin (103), (103-1), on (104-1), fixed sliding Wheel carrier (104), (104-1) chassis portion are welded to be had on press-in cylinder movable stand (102) vertical beam top, movable stand (102) vertical beam Away from help post height adjusting holes (122), help post support arm (108) and (108-1) outer shape into H types framework, head H type opening Place is built-in to help post roller (107), (107-1), is hinged with rotary shaft (109), rotation dish (110), (110-1) are welded in and help post to support Outside arm (108) and (108-1) afterbody H types biside plate, bottom fixed pulley (123), (123-1) use bottom fixed pulley bearing pin (125), (125-1) is hinged on bottom fixed pulley frame (124), on (124-1), and bottom fixed pulley frame (124), (124-1) are welded in Movable stand (102) vertical beam bottom, two people take (114) by force can be in the cofree slip of movable stand (102) vertical beam, lifting carriage frame (115) it is that hollow sliding sleeve, set intracavity diameter, shape and movable stand (102) vertical beam match, lifting carriage frame (115) another outside Bottom is welded with tailstock I fixed plates (116), helps post hydraulic cylinder (118) afterbody to be hinged on tailstock II with hydraulic cylinder bearing pin (117) and consolidates In fixed board (120), tailstock II fixed plates (120) are fastened on tailstock II fixing bolts (119) and help post hydraulic cylinder adjusting bracket (121) On, help post hydraulic cylinder (118) afterbody to be hinged on hydraulic cylinder bearing pin (117) in tailstock II fixed plates (120), help post hydraulic cylinder (118) piston rod end is hinged on hydraulic cylinder tailstock I (116) with hydraulic cylinder bearing pin (117), and tailstock II fixed plates (120) are led to Cross tailstock II fixing bolts (119) and be fastened on and help on post hydraulic cylinder adjusting bracket (121), help post hydraulic cylinder adjusting bracket (121) with turning Moving axis (109) is fixed on movable stand (102) vertical beam proper height;
Described machinery helps column device, or uses horizontal sliding hydraulic cylinder erection device, it is characterized in that:Cylinder pressure frame has on (201) Away from dowel hole, hydraulic cylinder (203) cylinder body afterbody is welded on slidably posting (202), and slidably posting (202) is square Shape hollow frame, it is enclosed on freely slidable on cylinder pressure frame (201), V-type gripping block (205) back is welded in hydraulic cylinder (203) piston Boom end, bearing pin (204) slidably posting (202) will be fixed on cylinder pressure frame (201);
Described machinery helps column device, or uses live post righting quadric chain, it is characterized in that:Live post righting quadric chain By rotating shaft core (301), rotating bar (302), push away cylinder (303), connecting rod I (304), connecting rod II (305), fix bar (306), slip (307), connecting rod III (308), connecting rod IV (309) compositions are sold, rotating shaft core (301) is locked in frame vertical beam, rotating bar (302) it is enclosed on rotating shaft core (301), can be turned round around rotating shaft core (301), there is an extension straight-bar, connecting rod in rotating bar (302) IV (309) stage casing hinge in the pin-and-hole of straight-bar front end, the hole in connecting rod I (304) stage casing, with hinge in straight-bar stage casing In pin-and-hole, connecting rod IV (309) other ends hinge connecting rod III (308) left end, connecting rod I (304) other ends bearing pin will be even Bar II (305) left ends and push away cylinder (303) piston rod end it is hinged, fix bar (306) tail end is welded in rotating shaft core (301) in the middle part of extension straight-bar, slip elongated slot is provided with the middle of fix bar (306) right-hand member, sliding pin (307) is worn out of slip elongated slot Cross, connective pole II (305) right-hand member, connecting rod III (308) right-hand member is hinged, sliding pin (307) slide elongated slot in slide When drive connective pole II (305), connecting rod III (308), connecting rod IV (309), connecting rod I (304) to do open and close movement together, push away cylinder (303) cylinder body afterbody hinge is on rotating bar (302) extension straight-bar afterbody boss.
2. the vertical disassemblerassembler of a kind of hydraulic support column according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:Insert-pull pin (31) is all the time With certain pressure, it is pressed against on column frame (30) slip plane, beneficial to the smooth positioning of next pin-and-hole.
3. the vertical disassemblerassembler of a kind of hydraulic support column according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:Help during post, help post branch Brace (108) and (108-1) do beat motion, and steel wire rope (106) is helping post support arm (108), arcuately track on (108-1) Motion.
4. the vertical disassemblerassembler of a kind of hydraulic support column according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:D steel wire ropes (106) are used Wire line shoe (111) is clamped on rotation dish (110-1) disk, up around fixed pulley (105), and two people are looped back to still further below and are taken by force (114) shaft end is fixed with U-shaped rope card on;Z steel wire ropes (106) initiating terminal is scheduled on two people with U-shaped rope fixing and takes (114) lower shaft end by force, It is passed down through bottom fixed pulley (123), reaches the lower end of bottom fixed pulley (123-1), turns around up to rotation dish (110- 3) left side drum half-turn, is clamped on rotation dish (110-3) front with wire line shoe (111);C steel wire ropes (106) use steel wire rope Card (111) is clamped on rotation dish (110-2) front, to the right around half-turn, down around bottom fixed pulley (123-3), under excessively Portion's fixed pulley (123-2), up around fixed pulley (105-1), bypasses rotating wheel (110-4) from left side still further below and uses wire line shoe (111) it is clamped on thereon.
5. the vertical disassemblerassembler of a kind of hydraulic support column according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:To ensure synchronous connection Body (78) can realize the synchronization lifting of two duplex type movable pulleys (74) and (81), lifting hydraulic cylinder (79) live post and synchronous connection The connection of body (78) couples for hardness, it is to avoid lifting hydraulic cylinder (79) bears the effect of torsion.
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CN105822335A (en) * 2016-05-06 2016-08-03 山东矿机集团股份有限公司 Dismounting device
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CN106625383B (en) * 2017-02-14 2018-07-03 中车长春轨道客车股份有限公司 Sleeper beam erecting device and its installation method under gyrocar car body formal dress state
CN109079454B (en) * 2018-07-04 2019-08-06 安徽南方煤矿机械有限公司 A kind of oil cylinder of hydraulic support column provision for disengagement
CN109607233B (en) * 2018-12-11 2021-04-27 湖南长重机器股份有限公司 Novel balancing mode and device for trolley driving steel wire rope of bucket-wheel blending reclaimer
CN110862034B (en) * 2019-07-31 2020-12-25 大连长丰实业总公司 Actuator cylinder disassembling and assembling type frame
CN110605563B (en) * 2019-08-19 2021-01-26 珞石(北京)科技有限公司 Automatic press-in machine for shaft sleeve
CN110919630B (en) * 2019-11-13 2021-03-12 北京机械设备研究所 Hydraulic oil cylinder installation manipulator and installation method

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CN202745890U (en) * 2012-08-15 2013-02-20 明兆祥 Heavy hydraulic support assembling and disassembling device for mine
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CN203887484U (en) * 2014-06-10 2014-10-22 东莞埃欧热能技术有限公司 Multifunctional and multi-station auxiliary hydraulic tool device for heat exchanger
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