CN110000459B - Application method of reinforcement cage seam welder - Google Patents

Application method of reinforcement cage seam welder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110000459B
CN110000459B CN201910388203.5A CN201910388203A CN110000459B CN 110000459 B CN110000459 B CN 110000459B CN 201910388203 A CN201910388203 A CN 201910388203A CN 110000459 B CN110000459 B CN 110000459B
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Prior art keywords
supporting
rib
main
straight line
support
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CN110000459A (en
Inventor
周正述
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Chengdu Gute Machienry Works Co ltd
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Chengdu Gute Machienry Works Co ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K11/00Resistance welding; Severing by resistance heating
    • B23K11/06Resistance welding; Severing by resistance heating using roller electrodes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K11/00Resistance welding; Severing by resistance heating
    • B23K11/36Auxiliary equipment
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K37/00Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • B23K37/04Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups for holding or positioning work
    • B23K37/0426Fixtures for other work
    • B23K37/0435Clamps

Abstract

The invention discloses a use method of a reinforcement cage seam welder, belonging to the field of reinforcement cage manufacture, and the invention comprises the following steps: setting the total number A of the main ribs, and determining an included angle alpha between adjacent main ribs; the inner supporting rib supporting device of the steel bar seam welder arranges and supports a plurality of inner supporting ribs along a first straight line; the main rib feeding frame conveys one main rib to the outer side walls of a plurality of inner supporting ribs, and the quantity i of the main ribs is i + 1; a welder welds the main ribs on the main rib feeding frame to the outer side walls of the inner supporting ribs; the inner supporting rib autorotation driving device drives the inner supporting rib to rotate; judging whether the welding of the main ribs is finished, driving the inner supporting ribs to rotate around a first straight line at a constant speed by an inner supporting rib autorotation driving device when the welding of the main ribs is finished, and simultaneously moving a rib winding machine to move along a fifth straight line parallel to the first straight line X, wherein a welder welds the winding ribs in the moving rib winding machine onto the main ribs; and (5) finishing the manufacturing of the reinforcement cage, and returning to the step of loading the main reinforcement when the reinforcement cage is not finished. The invention greatly improves the manufacturing efficiency of the reinforcement cage.

Description

Application method of reinforcement cage seam welder
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of reinforcement cage manufacturing, and particularly relates to a use method of a reinforcement cage seam welder.
Background
In the construction of large bridges and other projects, a large number of pile constructions are required, in the pile constructions, a large number of reinforcement cages are required to be processed, and in the prior art, a reinforcement cage seam welder is a common device for manufacturing the reinforcement cages.
Referring to fig. 1, a common steel bar seam welder is composed of a sliding track, a movable rotating disk, a fixed rotating disk, a rotary material distributing frame, a steel bar feeding frame and other main parts. The working process is as follows: on the work or material rest of putting of work or material rest on the reinforcing bar was placed at first with main reinforcing bar, then the area colludes the chain and can upwards lift the reinforcing bar, put on one of them check position of rotatory branch work or material rest, accomplish the host computer of a main muscle this moment, repeat this action, all load on rotatory branch work or material rest up to the main muscle of all needs, then fix the fixed cylinder of reinforcing bar main muscle and back reinforcing bar fixed cylinder on the main muscle section of thick bamboo retainer plate through the manual work, later the angle at fixed cylinder and center is calculated to the manual work, adjust the fixed cylinder repeatedly until the position is correct according to calculating the angle, ensure main muscle fixed cylinder equipartition circumference. Then will remove the rotary disk and remove fixed rotary disk the place ahead again, until laminating almost, then many manual follow rotatory branch work or material rest of manual owner's reinforcing bar of pulling out, then with power with main reinforcing bar pass back reinforcing bar fixed cylinder and reach reinforcing bar owner muscle fixed cylinder, next with the fastening screw on the reinforcing bar owner muscle fixed cylinder compress tightly main muscle. A steel reinforcement cage has several or dozens of main reinforcements according to different designs, and the steel reinforcement cage is completely threaded one by a manual method, and the preparation work is basically finished after the steel reinforcement cage is threaded, so that the steel reinforcement cage can be started to operate. After the machine is started, the movable rotating disc, the reinforcement cage, the fixed rotating disc, the rotary material distributing frame and the main reinforcement are all synchronously rotated together. The rotatory while removes the rotary disk and outwards removes along the slip track, just also outwards pulls out rotatory main muscle simultaneously through back reinforcing bar fixed cylinder, and the bar that winds on the bar coil stock frame is also extracted simultaneously, passes and welds on the main muscle again behind the bar straightener. Along with machine operation and tensile, just spirally twine the main muscle above around the muscle, execute according to the design this moment and weld, wait the reinforcing bar tensile back that targets in place, reinforcing cage just accomplishes basically, alright in order to raise hydraulic pressure gyro wheel support frame after accomplishing, the reinforcing cage passes through hydraulic pressure gyro wheel support frame and supports. The front main reinforcement sleeve and the rear main reinforcement sleeve are taken out, the reinforcement cage can be hoisted and moved, the reinforcement at the moment is subjected to a final process, the inner supporting rib is welded manually, a worker manually moves the inner supporting rib which is made in advance to the inside of the reinforcement cage to be straightened and then welds the inner supporting rib, and the reinforcement cage is manufactured after the completion. The above process can be simplified as follows: artificial circular array main ribs → welding winding ribs → artificial welding inner bracing ribs. Obviously, the existing reinforcement cage seam welder has a large amount of manual non-welding operation, and the manufacturing efficiency of the reinforcement cage is seriously influenced.
The second type of existing winding machine for steel reinforcement cages consists of a winding machine roller and a movable reinforcement winding machine. The working conditions are as follows: firstly, a worker holds the inner supporting rib and the main rib by hand to keep the welding position, and then the inner supporting rib and the main rib are welded manually until the main rib and the inner supporting rib are all welded in place. When the rolling wheel of the winding machine is started to rotate, the main structure of the reinforcement cage consisting of the inner supporting rib and the main rib is driven to rotate,
then the movable bar winding machine starts to wind bars, and the bars are wound on the main structure of the reinforcement cage until completion. The efficiency of the manufacturing process of the reinforcement cage is lower.
Therefore, the applicant believes that it is necessary to develop a reinforcement cage seam welder which can greatly improve the efficiency of reinforcement cage manufacturing.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to: aiming at the problem of low manufacturing efficiency of the reinforcement cage in the prior art, the application method of the reinforcement cage seam welder is provided, and the manufacturing efficiency of the reinforcement cage is greatly improved by combining the welding process of adjusting the reinforcement cage and replacing manpower with machinery.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows:
a using method of a reinforcement cage seam welder comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps that firstly, the numerical value of the total number A of main reinforcements is limited according to a design drawing of the reinforcement cage to be manufactured, and the value of an included angle alpha between adjacent main reinforcements is limited according to the design drawing of the main reinforcements of the reinforcement cage to be manufactured;
secondly, arranging and supporting a plurality of inner supporting ribs along a first straight line (X) by an inner supporting rib supporting device of the steel bar seam welder;
step three, a main bar feeding frame of the steel bar seam welder conveys a main bar to the outer side walls of the plurality of inner support bars, and the value of the quantity i of the conveyed main bars is added with 1, namely i = i +1, wherein the initial value of i is 0;
welding the main ribs on the main rib feeding frame to the outer side walls of the inner supporting ribs by a welder;
judging whether a.A is more than or equal to i, wherein a is a coefficient, and a is more than 0 and less than 1;
when the judgment is negative, the step six is carried out;
if yes, performing the seventh step;
sixthly, the inner supporting rib supporting device releases the support of the inner supporting rib of the centering section;
seventhly, the internal supporting rib autorotation driving device drives the internal supporting ribs to synchronously rotate around a first straight line (X), the rotating angle is beta, and the beta = alpha;
step eight, judging whether i = A is established or not,
if not, performing the third step;
when the judgment is yes, carrying out the ninth step;
step nine, the inner supporting rib autorotation driving device drives the plurality of inner supporting ribs to rotate around a first straight line (X) at a constant speed, the movable rib winding machine moves along a fifth straight line parallel to the first straight line (X), and a welder welds the winding ribs in the movable rib winding machine onto the main ribs;
step ten, completing the manufacturing of the reinforcement cage, removing the support of the inner supporting ribs at the head end and the tail end by the inner supporting rib supporting device, and hoisting the reinforcement cage by using a crane;
the reinforcement cage seam welder comprises:
the inner supporting rib supporting device is used for arranging and supporting a plurality of inner supporting ribs along a first straight line X;
the internal supporting rib self-rotation driving device is used for driving the plurality of internal supporting ribs to synchronously rotate around the first straight line;
the main rib feeding frame is arranged on one side of the inner supporting rib supporting device and used for conveying the main ribs to the outer side walls of the plurality of inner supporting ribs;
the movable rib winding machine is arranged on any side of the inner rib supporting device and can reciprocate along a fifth straight line;
wherein the first straight line X is parallel to the fifth straight line;
interior muscle strutting arrangement that props includes:
the two support frames are arranged on the first straight line X and used for mounting support ribs in two ends of the reinforcement cage;
the plurality of inner supporting rib clamping drivers are arranged between the two supporting frames and used for clamping the inner supporting ribs in the middle section, the plurality of inner supporting rib clamping drivers are all arranged on the second straight line, and the inner supporting rib clamping drivers can drive the inner supporting ribs in the middle section to reciprocate on a third straight line Y;
the hydraulic telescopic support frame is arranged between the two support frames and used for supporting and/or pushing the reinforcement cage, and the hydraulic telescopic support frame can be telescopic on a fourth straight line Z;
the first straight line X is parallel to the second straight line, and any two straight lines of the first straight line X, the third straight line Y and the fourth straight line Z are perpendicular to each other.
Optionally, the support frame includes:
a sliding guide sleeve;
the movable support rods are circumferentially arranged on the side wall of the sliding guide sleeve and comprise a left support rod and a right support rod, the left support rod and the sliding guide sleeve slide relatively, the sliding direction of the left support rod and the sliding direction of the right support rod are opposite, and the lengths of the left support rod and the right support rod are equal;
an inner support extender connected with the top of the movable support rod;
wherein, the top end one of the left supporting rod and the top end two of the right supporting rod are both hinged with the internal support extender.
Optionally, the sliding guide sleeve comprises a left moving base sliding relative to the sliding guide sleeve and a right moving base sliding relative to the sliding guide sleeve, the sliding directions of the left moving base and the right moving base are opposite, the bottom end of the left support rod is hinged to the left moving base, and the bottom end of the right support rod is hinged to the right moving base;
guide holes are formed in the circumferential direction of the side wall of the sliding guide sleeve along the axial direction of the sliding guide sleeve, and protruding parts which slide in the guide holes are arranged on the left moving base and the right moving base;
the guide hole is a through hole, and the left moving base and the right moving base are sleeved in the inner cavity of the sliding guide sleeve;
and a double-thread tightening power rod is arranged on the axis of the sliding guide sleeve in the sliding guide sleeve, the thread directions of a left thread section and a right thread section of the double-thread tightening power rod are opposite, the left moving base is in threaded connection with the left thread section, and the right moving base is in threaded connection with the right thread section.
Optionally, the inner supporting rib autorotation driving device comprises head and tail inner supporting rib autorotation devices which are connected with the supporting frame and symmetrically arranged;
the head-tail inner supporting rib self-rotating device comprises a moving platform capable of reciprocating along a first straight line X, a supporting and fixing seat sleeve fixed on the moving platform and a supporting frame main shaft which is relatively rotatably kept in the supporting and fixing seat sleeve and is fixedly connected with the sliding guide sleeve;
the supporting and fixing seat sleeve is internally provided with an internal transmission shaft which is arranged in the supporting and fixing seat sleeve in a relative rotation manner and penetrates through the supporting frame main shaft and the double-thread tightening power rod to be fixedly connected.
Optionally, the inner bracing bar clamping driver comprises:
a traveling device that can reciprocate along the third straight line Y;
the inner supporting rib clamps the machine head;
one end of the supporting arm is hinged with the walking device, and the other end of the supporting arm is connected with the internal bracing rib clamping machine head;
and the rotating axis of the supporting arm hinged with the walking device is parallel to a fourth straight line Z.
Optionally, the walking device further comprises a support arm parallel arm hinged to the walking device and having an axis parallel to the support arm, and a connecting rod for connecting the support arm parallel arm and the support arm;
one end of the connecting rod is hinged with the supporting arm parallel arm, the other end of the connecting rod is hinged with the supporting arm, and the distance from a second rotating axis of the supporting arm parallel arm hinged with the walking device to the rotating axis is equal to the length between the two ends of the connecting rod; the supporting arm, the supporting arm parallel arm and the connecting rod are all horizontally arranged;
the inner supporting rib clamping machine head comprises an arc-shaped clamping groove and a movable pressing wheel used for pressing the inner supporting rib into the arc-shaped clamping groove;
the movable pinch roller comprises a telescopic cylinder fixed on the arc-shaped clamping groove and a grooved wheel connected to the telescopic end of the telescopic cylinder.
Optionally, the inner supporting rib autorotation driving device comprises a driving wheel assembly for driving the inner supporting rib to rotate in the arc-shaped clamping groove;
the driving wheel assembly comprises a driving speed reducing mechanism fixed on the arc-shaped clamping groove and a second grooved wheel in power connection with the driving speed reducing mechanism, and the second grooved wheel are respectively arranged at the inner side and the outer side of the inner supporting rib.
Optionally, the hydraulic telescopic support frame includes:
a base;
the bottom end of the telescopic bracket component is connected to the base;
the arc-shaped support assembly is connected to the top end of the telescopic bracket assembly and comprises a bracket connected with the top end of the telescopic bracket assembly and a carrier roller assembly arranged on the bracket, the carrier roller assembly comprises a plurality of carrier rollers hinged to the bracket, the axes of the carrier rollers are horizontally arranged and are sequentially arranged on the same virtual arc line section, and the circle center of the virtual arc line section is positioned on the axis of the inner bracing rib;
the carrier roller assemblies comprise at least two groups of carrier roller assemblies which are arranged in parallel along a first straight line X, and the axes of the carrier rollers in any group of carrier roller assemblies are staggered with the axes of the carrier rollers in the adjacent carrier roller assemblies.
Optionally, the owner muscle material loading frame includes:
the feeding frame base is arranged on one side of the inner supporting rib supporting device;
the feeding rack body can slide relative to the feeding rack base;
the steel bar feeding frame is arranged at the back of the feeding frame;
the main rib rolling bracket is arranged at the top of the front side of the feeding frame;
the hooked steel bar lifting chain is used for lifting the main steel bar from the steel bar feeding frame to the main steel bar rolling bracket;
laser rangefinder fixed length system, laser rangefinder fixed length system includes:
the rail is horizontally arranged at one end of the upper material rack body and is arranged along a second straight line;
the fixed-length pulley can slide relative to the track;
the laser range finder is used for testing the distance between the end face of the main rib and the fixed-length pulley and is fixed on the fixed-length pulley;
the driving device is used for driving the fixed-length pulley to slide relative to the track;
the brake device is arranged on the fixed-length pulley;
and the control console PLC is in communication connection with the laser range finder, the driving device and the brake device.
In summary, due to the adoption of the technical scheme, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the indexing of the main rib of the steel reinforcement cage seam welder used in the invention on the circumferential direction of the side wall of the inner supporting rib is realized by the synchronous autorotation of a plurality of inner supporting ribs. After welding a main muscle, the machine is rotatory according to the rotation angle of setting for, props the muscle in the steel reinforcement cage, and the accurate next welding point position that will prop the muscle rotates to the welding station, and the welder only need carry the rifle welding can, do not need the manual work to carry out any intervention alright with easily accomplishing fixed-position welding, accurate, light and high-efficient, compare in the mode of manual regulation main muscle location section of thick bamboo among the prior art, improved production efficiency by a wide margin, reduced workman's intensity of labour.
2. The steel reinforcement cage seam welder used by the invention cancels parts such as a main reinforcement fixing cylinder and the like in the prior art, does not need to process the steel reinforcement cage by dragging the steel reinforcement, and naturally has no defects of the steel reinforcement cage fixing cylinder.
3. The existing reinforcement cage seam welder adopts the procedures of butt joint and machining after the butt joint in order to ensure the requirement of construction design on the butt joint of a reinforcement cage, so that great inconvenience is caused to operation and construction personnel is troubled.
4. The main reinforcement feeding rack and the reinforcement winding working part of the existing seam welder are sequentially arranged in the same direction in space, the traditional reinforcement cage seam welder is usually 28 meters long and quite large in size, only a large construction site can provide a required site, the construction site with limitation on a plurality of sites or rugged topography cannot be installed and used, a considerable part of potential customers are lost, the huge size is enough to meet transportation pressure, the main reinforcement welding and the reinforcement winding welding processes are sequentially carried out between two support frames in the same working section, the overall length of the seam welder is shortened in space, the actual measurement volume is only about 20 meters, about 3 minutes of length is saved, more construction sites can be used conveniently, the space applicability of equipment is improved, a user group is enlarged, and the seam welder is convenient to popularize and use.
5. The support frame of the reinforcement cage seam welder can support inner supporting ribs with various specifications, the processing range is much wider than that of the traditional seam welder, the processing range of the traditional seam welder is limited by the main rib fixing frame, the processing diameter is 1-2.2 meters, and the support frame of the reinforcement cage seam welder can be used for manufacturing reinforcement cages with the diameter of 1-2.5 meters, so that the support frame is wider in applicability.
6. The traditional seam welder needs workers to drill into the formed steel reinforcement cage main body to weld the inner supporting rib, the inner supporting rib is placed into the inner supporting rib clamping driver and the supporting frame in advance, and then the main rib is welded on the inner supporting rib according to the operation of the machine flow, so that the construction quality and the construction efficiency are improved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a prior art schematic;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the overall arrangement of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the supporting frame of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the supporting frame of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of the support of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the inner bracing bar clamping driver of the present invention, the walking device is not completely shown);
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the inner bracing bar clamping driver of the present invention, the walking device is not completely shown);
FIG. 8 is a top view of the inner bracing bar clamping actuator arrangement of the present invention with the running gear not fully shown);
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the hydraulic telescoping support of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of the hydraulic telescoping support of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a side view of the present invention;
FIG. 12 is a schematic view of a system for determining length on a master bar loading rack according to the present invention;
FIG. 13 is a schematic view of a system for determining length on a master bar loading rack according to the present invention;
FIG. 14 is a schematic diagram illustrating the steps of the present invention.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention will be described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention.
Example 1
The utility model provides a steel reinforcement cage seam welder, this seam welder with the back of interior muscle fixed stay, weld main muscle on the interior muscle that props in proper order again, then carry out main muscle again and wind muscle welding process. This steel reinforcement cage seam welder includes: the inner supporting rib supporting device is used for arranging and supporting a plurality of inner supporting ribs along a first straight line X; the inner supporting rib self-rotation driving device is used for driving a plurality of inner supporting ribs on the inner supporting rib supporting device to synchronously rotate around a first straight line X; the main rib feeding frame is arranged on one side of the inner supporting rib supporting device and used for conveying the main ribs to the outer side walls of the plurality of inner supporting ribs; the movable rib winding machine is arranged on any side of the inner rib supporting device and can reciprocate along a fifth straight line; wherein the first straight line X is parallel to the fifth straight line.
It is easy to understand that, it is current ripe equipment to remove around muscle machine and be used for with the main muscle welding back on the interior muscle that props, after steel reinforcement cage major structure accomplished promptly, will wind around the muscle to the steel reinforcement cage major structure, it removes in the prior art of second kind in the background art around the function of muscle machine the same, and the effect object is rotatable steel reinforcement cage main part. Therefore, a person skilled in the art knows how to implement the mobile rib winding machine in the technical solution, and details are not repeated in the present application.
It is to be understood that the aforementioned first straight line X includes, but is not limited to, a horizontal straight line, a plumb line, or a diagonal line.
In some embodiments, the first straight line X is a horizontal straight line, in which case, the inner supporting rib supporting device is horizontally disposed on the ground, and the plurality of inner supporting ribs are arranged and supported along the first straight line X, the first straight line X is a central axis of the inner supporting rib, and the inner supporting rib synchronously rotates around the first straight line X under the driving of the inner supporting rib rotating device. Meanwhile, the main rib feeding frame 5 continuously conveys the main ribs to the outer side walls of the plurality of inner supporting ribs. The main rib feeding frame 5 is positioned on one side of the inner supporting rib supporting device. It will be readily understood that the term "one side" does not mean that the main bar loading frame and the inner supporting bar supporting means are located on the same horizontal plane, and the term "one side" includes, but is not limited to, left, right, upper, lower, etc. sides from the inner supporting bar supporting means. Meanwhile, as is easy to understand, the main reinforcement feeding frame 5 and the movable reinforcement winding machine do not limit that the two devices are required to be symmetrically arranged on the left side and the right side of the inner supporting reinforcement supporting device, and the arrangement mode of the functions can be implemented.
In some embodiments, the first straight line X is a plumb line, in which case, the inner supporting rib supporting device is vertically disposed on the ground, and the plurality of inner supporting ribs are arranged and supported along the first straight line X, the first straight line X is a central axis of the inner supporting rib, and the inner supporting rib synchronously rotates around the first straight line X under the driving of the inner supporting rib rotating device. Meanwhile, the main rib feeding frame 5 continuously conveys the main ribs to the outer side walls of the plurality of inner supporting ribs. The main bar loading frame 5 is located on one side of the inner supporting bar supporting device, and the "one side" includes, but is not limited to, the left side, the right side, the front side, the rear side and other directions of the inner supporting bar supporting device. At this time, the movable rib winding machine can finish rib winding through the fifth straight-line ascending and descending of the existing hydraulic lifting platform on the plumb bob surface. Meanwhile, as is easy to understand, the main bar feeding frame 5 and the movable bar winding machine do not limit that the two devices are necessarily symmetrically arranged or adjacently arranged on the side of the inner supporting bar supporting device, and the arrangement mode of the functions can be implemented.
The internal bracing muscle of steel reinforcement cage in the present case includes that a plurality of props the muscle in the internal bracing muscle that arranges along the axis of the steel reinforcement cage of treating the preparation, with aforementioned a plurality of internal bracing muscle divide into two types, and one of them includes the internal bracing muscle at steel reinforcement cage head and the tail both ends for inject the steel reinforcement cage, when having two internal bracing muscle that the interval certain distance that is located same straight line set up promptly, the steel reinforcement cage of preparation has been injectd diameter, length, has possessed the rudiment promptly. The second one includes a plurality of middle section internal bracing bars arranged in the middle, and the middle section internal bracing bars are used for supporting the shape and the integral structure of the reinforcement cage.
Optionally, interior muscle strutting arrangement that props includes: two support frames 3 which are arranged on the first straight line X and are used for fixing supporting ribs in two ends of the reinforcement cage; the plurality of inner supporting rib clamping drivers 2 are arranged between the two support frames 3 and used for clamping the inner supporting ribs in the middle section, the plurality of inner supporting rib clamping drivers 2 are all arranged on a second straight line, and the inner supporting rib clamping drivers 2 can reciprocate on a horizontal third straight line Y; the hydraulic telescopic support frame 4 is arranged between the two support frames 3 and is used for supporting and/or pushing the reinforcement cage, and the hydraulic telescopic support frame 4 can be stretched on a fourth straight line Z; the first straight line is parallel to the second straight line, and any two straight lines of the third straight line Y, the first straight line X and the fourth straight line Z are mutually vertical.
Namely, the third straight line Y, the first straight line X and the fourth straight line Z form a space coordinate system.
Two support frames 3 set up on same straight line, have injectd the length of propping muscle mounted position in the head and the tail both ends of steel reinforcement cage, and the interior muscle that props of middle section needs and both ends to be installed on same straight line by the interior muscle that props of injecing, consequently, need adjust the interior muscle that props of middle section in the space. The inner bracing bars always need to be kept parallel to each other, and therefore, mainly need to be adjusted on a plane perpendicular to the first straight line X. This adjustment action is realized by interior muscle centre gripping driver 2, hydraulic telescoping support frame 4 that props, and interior muscle centre gripping driver 2 props the muscle from the side of interior muscle that props, and optional for third straight line Y direction shifts up the middle section in, and hydraulic telescoping support frame 4 props the muscle from the Z epaxial shift middle section of moving up to the realization is with a plurality of interior muscle supports to fix the mesh on same straight line promptly the steel reinforcement cage axis.
As described above, it is easily understood that the third straight line Y, the first straight line X, and the fourth straight line Z constitute only one spatial coordinate system, and are not limited to the third straight line Y, the first straight line X on the horizontal plane, and the fourth straight line Z on the vertical plane.
Referring to fig. 2, in some embodiments, the inner bracing wire supporting device of the reinforcement cage seam welder is horizontally arranged, that is, the first straight line X, the second straight line Y, the third straight line Y are located on the same horizontal plane, and the fourth straight line Z is located on the plumb surface. Two support frame 3 symmetrical arrangement are subaerial, and symmetrical arrangement is for the convenience of the later stage lift off the steel reinforcement cage that the preparation was accomplished, and subaerial edge first straight line X between two support frames 3 has arranged a plurality of interior muscle centre gripping drivers 2 that prop, still has arranged hydraulic telescoping support frame 4 subaerially between two support frames 3.
Wherein, the hydraulic telescopic support frame 4 comprises at least one. Optionally, when one hydraulic telescopic support frame 4 is provided, all the middle-end inner support ribs are adjusted on the fourth straight line Z, namely the plumb face. Optionally, the hydraulic telescopic support frame 4 is provided with a plurality of parts, and the parts are arranged in one-to-one correspondence with the internal bracing rib clamping drivers 2. The adjusting effect is more ideal when the internal bracing rib clamping driver 2 and the hydraulic telescopic support frame 4 are arranged in a one-to-one correspondence manner, and the adjusting efficiency is higher.
Referring to fig. 3, 4 and 5, in some embodiments, the supporting frame 4 includes a supporting and fixing seat sleeve 31 for supporting and fixing the supporting frame on the ground or on the mobile station, a supporting frame main shaft 33 is installed in the supporting and fixing seat sleeve 31 through a bearing, and a sliding guide sleeve 35 is fixedly connected to the other end of the supporting frame main shaft 33 through a flange or other equivalent means. The self-rotation of the support frame main shaft 33 drives the sliding shaft sleeve 35 and the upper parts thereof to integrally rotate, so that the rotation of the inner supporting rib is realized.
The sliding guide 35 is configured as a cylindrical housing, a truncated cone housing, a spherical housing or other equivalent shapes.
The side wall of the sliding guide sleeve 35 is provided with a movable support rod along the circumferential direction, and the top of the movable support rod 36 is provided with an internal support extender 34. I.e. the sliding guide sleeve 35 is used to support and fix the inner bracing rib inside the annular inner bracing rib, wherein the inner bracing extender 35 is used to directly contact the inner bracing rib.
In some embodiments, the movable supporting rods comprise a plurality of supporting rods and are uniformly arranged.
The movable support rod comprises a left support rod 36 and a right support rod, wherein the left support rod 36 slides relative to the sliding guide sleeve 35, the right support rod slides relative to the sliding guide sleeve, the sliding direction of the left support rod 36 is opposite to that of the right support rod, the length of the left support rod 36 is equal to that of the right support rod, and the distance from the first top end of the left support rod 36 to the second top end of the right support rod is unchanged. Wherein, the first top end and the second top end are both hinged with the internal support extender 34.
In some embodiments, the movable support bar is configured as an articulated human-type movable stand at the top end of the left support bar 36 and the top end of the right support bar. Wherein, the left support bar 36 and the right support bar are coaxial with the hinge shaft of the inner support extender 34.
In some embodiments, the movable support rod is configured as an isosceles trapezoid movable support with the left support rod 36, the connecting rod, and the right support rod hinged in sequence, i.e. the distance between the first top end and the second top end is greater than 0. Wherein the connecting rod is optionally directly the internal stay extender 34.
The top end I, the top end II, the bottom end and the bottom end II are all the positions of the axes of the hinge holes in the top or the bottom of the left support rod or the right support rod.
Optionally, the sliding guide sleeve 35 includes a left moving base 38 sliding relative to the sliding guide sleeve 35 and a right moving base sliding relative to the sliding guide sleeve 35, the sliding directions of the left moving base 38 and the right moving base are opposite, the bottom end of the left support rod 36 is hinged to the left moving base 38, and the bottom end of the right support rod is hinged to the right moving base.
In some embodiments, the left moving base 38 and the right moving base are configured as circular ring bushings, and the left support rod 36 and the right support rod are respectively hinged on the side walls of the left moving base 38 and the right moving base in a circumferential direction. Which is sleeved on the outer wall of the sliding guide sleeve 35 so as to slide on the sliding guide sleeve 35. When the left moving base 38 and the right moving base slide in opposite directions, the distance between the bottom end of the left support rod 36 and the bottom end of the right support rod is reduced, so that the lining extender 34 is far away from the sliding guide sleeve. When the left moving base 38 and the right moving base slide in opposite directions, the distance between the bottom end of the left support rod 36 and the bottom end of the right support rod is increased, so that the inner support extender 34 approaches the sliding guide sleeve. At this time, the diameter change of the circle fitted by the plurality of inner support extenders 34 is realized by the plurality of movable support rods arranged in the circumferential direction, so that the inner support ribs with different inner diameters are supported, or the supporting operation of the inner support rib with a certain inner diameter is started and closed.
In order to avoid the rotation of the left and right movable bases 38 and 35 relative to the sliding guide when sliding on the sliding guide, the side wall of the sliding guide 35 is circumferentially provided with a guide hole 351 along the axial direction of the sliding guide 35, and the left and right movable bases 38 and 38 are provided with protrusions sliding in the guide hole 351. The protrusions slide within the guide holes 351 in the axial direction of the guide holes 351, thereby restricting the seat translational movement of the corresponding left and right moving bases 38, 38.
In some embodiments, when the left and right motion bases 38, 38 are configured as circular ring sleeves, the guiding hole 351 is a blind hole, and the inner side walls of the left and right motion bases 38, 38 extend in the radial direction thereof in the circumferential direction to form a protrusion, which is snapped into the guiding hole 351.
In some embodiments, the guiding hole 351 is a through hole, and the left moving base 38 and the right moving base are configured as discs sleeved in the inner cavity of the sliding guide sleeve 35, and the side walls of the discs extend circumferentially along the radial direction thereof to form protrusions, and the protrusions penetrate through the guiding hole 351 and are hinged with the corresponding bottom ends, namely the bottom end two.
The left moving base 38 and the right moving base move in opposite directions and in opposite directions, and there are many driving methods, including but not limited to driving by the telescopic cylinders arranged opposite to each other inside the sliding guide sleeve 35.
In some embodiments, a double-threaded tightening power rod 39 is disposed inside the slide guide sleeve 35 on the axis of the slide guide sleeve 35, the thread directions of the left-threaded section and the right-threaded section of the double-threaded tightening power rod 39 are opposite, the left moving base 38 is in threaded connection with the left-threaded section, and the right moving base is in threaded connection with the right-threaded section. The two ends of the double-thread tightening power rod are connected to the two end covers of the sliding guide sleeve through bearings, and one end, close to the support frame main shaft 33, of the double-thread tightening power rod penetrates through the end cover of the sliding guide sleeve 35 to be fixedly connected with the internal transmission shaft 37, including but not limited to coupling connection.
In some embodiments, in order to make the inner supporting extender 34 support the inner supporting rib more stably and prevent the inner supporting rib from being separated from the inner supporting extender 34 when the inner supporting extender 34 moves, a groove is formed on the top end surface of the inner supporting extender 34. The specification of the groove or the specification of the inner support extender can be changed according to the actual production condition of the inner support rib so as to adapt to the inner support ribs with different specifications and the reinforcement cages with different diameters.
Optionally, the inner supporting rib autorotation driving device comprises head and tail inner supporting rib autorotation devices which are connected with the support frame 3 and symmetrically arranged; the head-tail inner supporting rib self-rotating device comprises a mobile platform capable of reciprocating along a first straight line X, a supporting and fixing seat sleeve 31 fixed on the mobile platform and a supporting frame main shaft 33 which is relatively rotatably kept in the supporting and fixing seat sleeve 31 and is fixedly connected with the sliding guide sleeve 35;
the supporting and fixing seat sleeve 31 is internally provided with an internal transmission shaft 37 which is relatively rotatably arranged in the supporting and fixing seat sleeve 31 and penetrates through the supporting frame main shaft 33 and is fixedly connected with the double-thread tightening power rod 39.
In some embodiments, the seam welder includes a walking rail fixed to the ground by anchor bolts or the like, and optionally, the walking rail is two i-beams arranged in parallel, and the length of the i-beams is longer than that of the reinforcement cage. Two mobile stations are symmetrically arranged on the track, a supporting and fixing seat sleeve 31 is horizontally fixed on the mobile stations in a welding or other equivalent mode, a supporting frame main shaft 33 is horizontally arranged in the supporting and fixing seat sleeve 31 through a bearing, and the other end of the supporting frame main shaft 33 is fixedly connected with a sliding guide sleeve 35 through a flange or other equivalent mode. The axes of the supporting fixed seat sleeve 31 and the supporting frame main shaft 33 are collinear with the first straight line X.
Mounted within the mobile station is a motor or other equivalent output mechanism, the output shaft of which optionally delivers power to an internal drive shaft 37 or to the support frame spindle 33. It is easy to understand that the inside of the mobile station is a power source for providing power for the rotation of the internal transmission shaft 37 or the main shaft 33 of the support frame, and the detailed implementation of the internal structure does not affect the implementation of the technical solution in this case, and meanwhile, the skilled in the art knows how to choose to implement the internal structure according to the common general knowledge and the prior art, and therefore, the detailed description of this case is omitted.
The support frame main shaft 33 rotates to drive the sliding shaft sleeve 35 and the upper parts thereof, namely the head and the tail inner supporting ribs rotate integrally, so that the inner supporting ribs and/or a reinforcement cage in the manufacturing process rotate integrally, and the relative positions of a plurality of main ribs on the side wall of the inner supporting ribs meet the design requirements. Among the prior art, this step is accomplished by rotatory work or material rest, reinforcing bar owner muscle solid fixed cylinder on, it is fixed to main muscle section of thick bamboo retainer plate with back reinforcing bar solid fixed cylinder through the manual work, later the manual work calculate the angle at solid fixed cylinder and center, according to calculating the angle repetition regulation solid fixed cylinder until the position is correct, ensure main muscle solid fixed cylinder equipartition circumference. Compare in prior art, drive support frame, interior muscle, the mode of steel reinforcement cage bodily rotation through mechanical device in this embodiment and replace manual work, improved the efficiency of main muscle graduation by a wide margin, reduced workman's intensity of labour.
When the internal transmission shaft 37 rotates, the internal rotation shaft 37 drives the double-thread tightening power rod 39 to rotate, the thread directions of the thread sections at the two ends of the double-thread tightening power rod 39 are opposite, and the guide hole 351 restrains the protruding part, so that the left moving seat 38 and the right moving seat can only translate, that is, the sliding directions of the left moving seat 38 and the right moving seat correspondingly sleeved on the two moving seats are always opposite by the double-thread tightening power rod 39. When the left moving seat 38 and the right moving seat move in opposite directions and the distance becomes smaller, the distance between the bottom end of the left support rod 36 and the bottom end of the right support rod becomes smaller, and the top end I and the top end II are far away from the sliding guide sleeve 35, so that the inner support extender 34 is forced to be far away from the sliding guide sleeve 35. When the left moving seat 38 and the right moving seat move in opposite directions and the distance increases, the distance between the bottom end of the left support rod 36 and the bottom end of the right support rod increases, and the top end I and the top end II approach the sliding guide sleeve 35, so that the inner support extender 34 is forced to approach the sliding guide sleeve. The grooves of the internal stay extenders connected to the circumferentially arranged movable support rods fit into a variable diameter circle to activate/deactivate the support of the internal stay bars from the inside. After the support of the internal bracing rib from the inside is dismounted, the mobile platform slides back on the track, the mobile platform drives the support frame 3 to be away from the cylindrical space occupied by the steel reinforcement cage, the steel reinforcement cage is integrally supported on the hydraulic telescopic support, and then the hoisting operation is conveniently carried out.
Optionally, the inner supporting rib clamping driver 2 comprises a walking device, an inner supporting rib clamping machine head and a supporting arm 22, wherein one end of the supporting arm 22 is hinged to the walking device, and the other end of the supporting arm 22 is connected with the inner supporting rib clamping machine head; wherein, the rotation axis of the supporting arm 22 hinged with the walking device is parallel to the fourth straight line Z.
As will be readily understood, the traveling device is mainly used to make the whole inner bracing bar clamping driver 2 reciprocate on a plane along the third straight line Y, and includes, but is not limited to, a traveling carriage sliding on a fixed rail, a frame body driven by a linear motor to move on the fixed rail, or other equivalent means.
Referring to fig. 11, in some embodiments, a plurality of traveling devices are integrated with the main bar feeding rack 5, and include a main bar feeding rack base 514 fixed or supported on the ground by anchor bolts or other equivalent methods, a feeding rack body 51 sliding on the top end surface of the main bar feeding rack base of the seam welder, wherein the feeding rack body 51 and the feeding rack base 514 are all truss structures formed by welding a plurality of steel pipes with different specifications, and a plurality of rollers are installed at the bottom end of the feeding rack body 51, and the feeding rack body 51 slides in the grooves of the corresponding channel steel of the feeding rack base 514 through the rollers.
The inner supporting rib clamping head is used for firmly clamping and supporting the inner supporting rib in the middle section and ordering the rotation of the inner supporting rib in the middle section. And the inner bracing wire clamping head moves in space through the supporting arm 22.
In some embodiments, when the reinforcement cage seam welder is horizontally arranged to facilitate the rotation of the reinforcement cage with a long length or a rotation similar to the rotation, so as to facilitate the seam welding operation of a welder on a flat ground or a welding bench, the rotation axis of the support arm 22 hinged with the walking device is on the vertical plane.
The supporting arm 22 can drive the inner supporting rib to clamp the handpiece to open and close. When the supporting arm 22 is unfolded, the internal supporting rib clamping head is far away from the walking device and is close to the pre-estimated space of the steel bar cage which is ready to be produced on the seam welder, so that the internal supporting rib is clamped on the internal supporting rib clamping head conveniently in the subsequent process. When the reinforcing cage structural strength is enough to support self after the welding of the reinforcing cage is finished or during the manufacturing, the internal supporting rib clamping machine head releases the clamping of the internal supporting rib, and the supporting arm 22 retracts at the moment, so that the internal supporting rib machine head is driven to be far away from the reinforcing cage space on the workbench of the roll welding machine and is close to the walking device. At the moment, no additional mechanism is arranged in the cylindrical space occupied by the finished reinforcement cage to prevent the hoisting and hoisting operation of the reinforcement cage.
This embodiment can convenient and fast prop muscle fixture in messenger's middle section and reach the interior muscle that props of operating position centre gripping, be convenient for follow-up with main muscle welding to the interior muscle that props. Meanwhile, after the reinforcement cage is finished, the internal bracing rib clamping device can be conveniently and quickly removed from the space occupied by the reinforcement cage. Compared with the supporting component in the prior art, the structure is greatly simplified, and the reliability is improved.
In order to further enable the inner supporting rib clamping head to clamp the inner supporting rib more firmly, the supporting arm 22 is limited and restrained by a parallelogram telescopic bracket. In some embodiments, the device further comprises a support arm parallel arm 23 hinged on the walking device and having an axis parallel to the support arm 22, and a connecting rod 24 for connecting the support arm parallel arm 23 and the support arm 22, wherein one end of the connecting rod 24 is hinged with the support arm parallel arm 23, the other end of the connecting rod 24 is hinged with the support arm 22, and the distance from a second rotation axis of the support arm parallel arm 23 hinged with the walking device to the rotation axis is equal to the length between the two ends of the connecting rod. For example, the axes of the supporting arm 22, the supporting arm parallel arm 23 and the connecting rod 24 are all horizontally arranged, that is, the supporting arm 22, the supporting arm parallel arm 23, the connecting rod 24 and the walking device together form a horizontal parallelogram structure.
The inner supporting rib clamping head comprises an arc-shaped clamping groove 21, and the arc-shaped clamping groove 21 is provided with a clamping groove in a shape of inferior arc.
Referring to fig. 6, 7 and 8, in some embodiments, the arc-shaped slot 21 includes a crescent plate connected to the support arm 22 and a fixing plate parallel to the crescent plate. Wherein, the fixed plate passes through bolt assembly or other equivalent mode fixed connection with the crescent moon shaped plate. Holes are formed in the upper end and the lower end of the arc-shaped wall of the crescent-shaped plate, rollers are installed in the holes, and the rollers are of grooved wheel structures, namely the rollers are located in the circumferential direction of a fitting circle where the outer diameter of the inner supporting rib is located. The crescent-shaped plate, the fixed plate and the 2 rollers form an arc-shaped clamping groove together.
In order to adjust the space position of the inner supporting rib and fasten the inner supporting rib, the inner supporting rib fixing device further comprises a movable pressing wheel 25 used for pressing the inner supporting rib into the arc-shaped clamping groove.
Referring to fig. 6, 7 and 8, in some embodiments, the movable pinch roller 25 includes a telescopic cylinder fixed to the arc-shaped slot 21, and a sheave connected to a telescopic end of the telescopic cylinder. For example, a telescopic cylinder is fixed on one side wall of the fixing plate far away from the crescent-shaped plate, and the telescopic cylinder is preferably a cylinder. The telescopic cylinder is fixed on the fixing plate through a fixing seat, welding or other equivalent forms. A waist-shaped hole is formed in the fixed plate, a connecting piece is installed in the waist-shaped hole, a grooved wheel is installed at one end, close to the crescent plate, of the connecting piece, and the other end of the connecting piece is fixed to the telescopic end of the telescopic cylinder. Therefore, the telescopic cylinder stretches and retracts to drive the connecting piece and the grooved wheel to move in the waist-shaped hole so as to fasten or loosen the inner bracing rib. And a guide block can be welded or fixed in other equivalent fixing modes on one side of the fixing plate close to the crescent plate, and the guide block is fixed on one side of the waist-shaped hole and is parallel to the waist-shaped hole. The grooved wheel rolls on the guide block when moving in the kidney-shaped hole, so that the grooved wheel moves more smoothly, and the friction damage of the connecting piece and the kidney-shaped hole is avoided.
In order to enable the inner supporting rib to integrally and synchronously rotate in the step of welding the main rib, a driving wheel assembly 26 used for rotating the inner supporting rib in the arc-shaped clamping groove is arranged in the arc-shaped clamping groove.
In some embodiments, the driving wheel assembly 26 includes a driving speed reduction mechanism fixed on the arc-shaped slot 21, and the driving speed reduction mechanism may be an existing mature motor reducer combination, and only provides a rotation motion with controllable opening and closing and controllable speed for the second sheave, which is common knowledge of those skilled in the art and will not be described in detail herein. And a second grooved wheel is in threaded connection with an output shaft of the speed reducer. Preferably, the roller located below the 2 rollers is replaced by the second grooved wheel, that is, the second grooved wheel has the functions of supporting, limiting and driving the inner supporting rib to rotate.
Therefore, the integral rotation of the head-tail inner bracing rib and the reinforcement cage is realized by the integral rotation of the support frame 3 driven by the support frame main shaft 33, and the second grooved wheel is used for assisting the synchronous rotation of the corresponding middle-section inner bracing rib and the head-tail inner bracing rib. When enough main reinforcements are welded on the outer side wall of the inner supporting reinforcement, namely the main structure of the reinforcement cage is gradually formed, the auxiliary rotating function of the second grooved pulley is weakened until the auxiliary rotating function of the second grooved pulley can be omitted.
Alternatively, the support arm 22 is rotatably driven by a carriage retraction cylinder 28, one end of the carriage retraction cylinder 28 being rotatably connected to
On the running gear, the other end of the support retraction cylinder 28 is connected with the supporting arm 22.
In some embodiments, a fixed platform is mounted on the front face of the truss structure of the aforementioned running gear, and the fixed platform is supported by the support arms at a position having a certain length for facilitating the installation and use of the cradle retraction cylinder 28. The fixed end of the support retraction cylinder 28 is hinged on the fixed platform, and the telescopic end of the support retraction cylinder 28 is connected with the support beam.
Because the space is narrow when the support frame retraction cylinder 28 is directly connected with the support arm 22, the cylinder telescoping motion is easy to interfere with other parts on the walking device, and therefore, the connection position of the support frame retraction cylinder 28 and the support arm 22 needs to be adjusted. In some embodiments, the lower side wall of the support arm 22 is formed with a drive plate 27 extending in the direction of the rotation axis, and the other end of the holder retraction cylinder 28 is connected to the drive plate 27. Preferably, the drive plate 27 is welded to the support arm 22 or is designed as a trapezoidal plate-like part. The support arm 22 is driven to swing by a support telescopic cylinder 28 connected to a drive plate 27.
The hydraulic telescopic support frame is arranged on the ground or between two I-shaped steels forming a walking track along a fourth straight line Z and used for supporting a reinforcement cage or pushing an inner supporting rib to adjust the position of the inner supporting rib. It includes: a base 44 fixed to the ground or a table.
In some embodiments, the base is configured as a plurality of strip-shaped piers arrayed along the first straight line X direction, and the strip-shaped piers are fixed on the ground or on the track through a clamping hoop, a bolt and the like or are directly clamped between the tracks of the I-shaped steel.
The telescopic function of the hydraulic telescopic support frame 4 is realized by the telescopic bracket assembly 43. In some embodiments, the telescopic bracket assembly 43 comprises a fixed base 432 fixed on the base 44, two symmetrically arranged sets of scissor-type telescopic brackets 433, and a telescopic cylinder assembly 41 fixedly connected with the bracket 451 and used for driving the telescopic bracket to extend and retract.
The fixed base 432 and the fixed top base 431 include, but are not limited to, a rectangular frame structure formed by welding angle steels or channel steels.
The bottom end of the scissor type telescopic support 433 is connected with the fixed base 432, and the top end of the scissor type telescopic support 433 is connected with the fixed top base 431.
Optionally, the scissor-type telescopic bracket 433 includes at least two X-shaped brackets sequentially arranged in the fourth straight line Z direction. The X-shaped supports comprise two connecting rods which are arranged in a cross mode and are hinged to each other in the middle, and the connecting rod of any X-shaped support is hinged to the corresponding connecting rod on the adjacent X-shaped support.
Referring to fig. 9 and 10, in some embodiments, the scissor type telescopic support 433 includes two X-shaped supports vertically connected, the top ends of the connecting rods of the top layer X-shaped supports are hinged to the fixed top base, and the bottom ends of the connecting rods of the bottom layer X-shaped supports are hinged to the fixed base. The two groups of scissor type telescopic supports 433 are symmetrically arranged, and a space for installing the telescopic cylinder assembly 41 is reserved in the middle.
In some embodiments, the telescopic cylinder assembly 41 comprises an upper connecting rod 411 connected to the top layer X-shaped bracket, a lower connecting rod 413 connected to the bottom layer X-shaped bracket, and a second telescopic cylinder 412 connected to the upper connecting rod 411 at the top end and the lower connecting rod 413 at the bottom end.
Wherein, the both ends of going up connecting rod 411 are connected with the top layer X type support rotation in two sets of scissors fork telescopic bracket respectively, and the both ends of lower connecting rod 413 are connected with the bottom layer X type support rotation in two sets of scissors fork telescopic bracket 433 respectively to when telescopic bracket rose, going up connecting rod 411, lower connecting rod 413 remain the level throughout. Alternatively, the lower connecting rod 413 is horizontally fixed to the fixed base. Optionally, the upper end and the lower end of the second telescopic cylinder 412 are sleeved on the upper connecting rod 411 and the lower connecting rod 413 through a fork-shaped hinged seat or other equivalent parts.
The second telescopic cylinder 412 includes, but is not limited to, a cylinder, a pneumatic cylinder, or the like.
The part of the hydraulic telescopic support frame contacting with the reinforcement cage is an arc-shaped support assembly 45 connected to the top end of the telescopic support assembly 43.
Wherein, the arc-shaped supporting assembly 45 comprises a bracket 451 connected with the top end of the telescopic bracket assembly 43 and an idler roller assembly arranged on the bracket 451. The carrier roller assembly comprises a plurality of carrier rollers 452 hinged to the bracket 451, the axes of the carrier rollers 452 are horizontally arranged and are sequentially arranged on the same virtual arc line section, and the circle center of the virtual arc line section is located on the axis of the reinforcement cage.
Wherein the idler assemblies comprise at least two sets of idler assemblies arranged in parallel along a first line X, and the axes of the idlers 452 in any set of idler assemblies are staggered with respect to the axes of the idlers 452 in its adjacent idler assemblies.
In some embodiments, the bracket 451 has at least two receiving chambers therein along the axial direction of the reinforcement cage for receiving the idler assemblies. Alternatively, the bracket 451 is constructed as a mountain-shaped member of several welded steel plates. Two grooves of the bracket 451 define two accommodation chambers in the axial direction of the reinforcement cage. And each accommodating chamber is internally provided with a group of carrier roller assemblies, and each group of carrier roller assemblies comprises a plurality of carrier rollers in arc-shaped close arrays. Referring to fig. 1, the axes of any two carrier rollers in the two sets of carrier roller assemblies are not on the same straight line, so that the carrier rollers are arranged in a staggered manner, the quality of the reinforcement cage is shared, the bearing capacity is improved, and the reinforcement cage is prevented from being deformed due to unbalanced stress.
Optionally, there is a non-uniform number of idlers 452 in the two sets of idler assemblies.
Optionally, the main bar feeding frame comprises a feeding frame base 514 arranged on one side of the inner supporting bar supporting device; the feeding rack body 51 can slide relative to the feeding rack base 514; the steel bar feeding frame is arranged below the inner part of the main bar feeding frame 5; the main rib rolling bracket 519 is arranged on the top of the front side of the main rib feeding frame 5; a hooked rebar lifting chain 515 for lifting the main rebar from the rebar supply stand onto the main rebar rolling bracket 519; laser rangefinder fixed length system, laser rangefinder fixed length system includes: the rail 52 is horizontally arranged at one end of the upper material rack body 51, and the rail 52 is arranged along a second straight line; the fixed-length pulley 53, the fixed-length pulley 53 can slide relative to the said orbit 52; the laser range finder is used for testing the distance between the end face of the main rib and the fixed-length pulley 53, and the laser range finder 510 is fixed on the fixed-length pulley 53; a driving device for driving the fixed-length pulley 53 to slide relative to the track 52; a brake device arranged on the fixed-length pulley 53; and the console PLC is in communication connection with the laser range finder 510, the driving device and the brake device.
Referring to fig. 11, in some embodiments, the loading frame base 514 and the loading frame body 51 are all truss structures formed by welding a plurality of steel pipes and steels. The feeding frame base 514 is fixed on the ground and arranged in parallel with the walking track. A plurality of grooved tubes, or i-beams, or other devices configured as rails are mounted on the feeding frame base 514 along the third linear Y direction. A plurality of rollers are installed at the bottom of the feeding frame body 51, and the feeding frame body 51 slides on the feeding frame base 514 through the rollers. Two idler wheels are arranged on two sides of any channel steel, which are provided with one idler wheel or any I-steel, and the two idler wheels clamp the guide rail to restrict the upper material rack body 51 to slide along the direction of a third straight line Y on the upper material rack base 514. A welder walking frame 516 is laid on the upper material frame body 51 along the length direction of the upper material frame body, and ladders for enabling a welder to ascend and descend are welded at two ends of the welder walking frame 516.
Wherein, last work or material rest support body 51's back has installed reinforcing bar feed frame, and reinforcing bar feed frame includes transport inclined plane 517, and this transport inclined plane 517 comprises many parallel steel pipes of welding or other equivalent mode slope fixed in the inside downside of last work or material rest support body 51 and the crossbeam that is used for connecting many parallel steel pipes for the reinforcing bar can follow the back of last work or material rest support body 51 and roll the front of work or material rest 5 on the main muscle naturally under the action of gravity. Reinforcing bar feed frame still includes reinforcing bar rack 518, and reinforcing bar rack 518 is located the back of last work or material rest support body 51, and its one end below is connected with last work or material rest support body 51 bottom through telescopic cylinder, and the other end articulates on last work or material rest support body 51, perhaps the other end also is connected with last work or material rest support body 51 bottom through telescopic cylinder. That is, during feeding, the telescopic cylinder at one end drives one end of the steel bar placing frame 518 to be lifted up to be in an inclined state, so that the main bars on the steel bar placing frame 518 slide down under the action of gravity and slide into the conveying inclined plane 517. The lower end of the conveying inclined plane 517 is connected to the hooked steel bar lifting chain 515, referring to fig. 1, the hooked steel bar lifting chain 515 is a prior art, and the specific structure thereof can refer to the corresponding record in the chinese invention with publication No. CN 108723573A.
For example, in some embodiments, the bottom of the upper rack body 51 is provided with a lower rotating shaft through a supporting seat and a bearing, the lower rotating shaft is arranged along the length direction of the upper rack body 51, and a plurality of lower chain wheels are fixedly and equidistantly sleeved on the lower rotating shaft through keys or other equivalent methods. Go up the positive top of work or material rest support body 51 and be provided with the pivot through supporting seat, bearing rotation, go up the pivot the axis with the axis parallel arrangement of pivot down goes up the pivot and goes up the fixed equidistant cover of key or other equivalent mode and be equipped with the sprocket on a plurality of, goes up the sprocket and sets up with lower sprocket one-to-one, corresponds the last sprocket that sets up promptly and lower sprocket on same plumbous hammer face. And the plane formed by the axis of the upper chain wheel and the axis of the lower chain wheel is an inclined plane. The lower chain wheel is connected with the upper chain wheel through a chain. The feeding hooks are fixedly arranged on the outer side of the chain links of the chain through chain pins or other equivalent modes, and the feeding hooks are arranged at equal intervals along the chain. The section of the feeding hook can be selected to be L-shaped, V-shaped or other equivalent ways. It is easily understood that the hooked bar lifting chain 515 is used to lift the bar along the inclined surface, and the bar is placed on the feeding hook and supported. Because the feeding hooks are fixed to the chain, the feeding hooks also turn over synchronously when the chain links turn over the upper sprocket, dumping the reinforcing steel bars on the main bar rolling bracket 519, and the feeding hooks also turn over synchronously when the chain links turn over the lower sprocket, lifting the reinforcing steel bars from the bottom of the reinforcing steel bars.
A motor is arranged at one end of the upper material rack body 51, and an output shaft of the motor is in transmission connection with the upper rotating shaft. In some embodiments, one end of the upper rotating shaft is sleeved with a bevel gear, and the bevel gear is meshed with a matched bevel gear II on the output shaft to realize power transmission. In some embodiments, one end of the upper rotating shaft is connected with an output shaft of the motor through a coupler, so that power transmission is realized.
Wherein, the front top of the feeding frame main body 51 is provided with a main rib rolling bracket 519, and optionally, the main rib rolling bracket 519
A plurality of hinge rods along a second linear array and below the top end of the hooked rebar lifting chain 515 so that the king wire naturally falls onto the king wire rolling bracket 519 after flipping over the top end of the rebar chain. The main bar rolling bracket 519 tilts downward as it is deployed to facilitate the welder manually pushing the main bar onto the inner brace side wall and then starting the welding operation.
The rail 52 is horizontally mounted at one end of the main bar loading frame 51 by welding or equivalent methods such as bolts and nuts, and the rail 52 is arranged along the length direction of the main bar loading frame 51. That is, after the main bar loading frame 51 supplies material, when the main bar is located on the main bar rolling bracket, the main bar always faces the track 52.
In some embodiments, the cross-section of the rail 52 is i-shaped, i.e., for cost savings, the rail 52 may be selected to have a suitable length and gauge from standard i-steel. The rail 52 may be secured to one end of the bar stack 51 by welding, bolting, or the like. In the preferred embodiment, the axis of the track 52 is a straight line, and the flat track 52 occupies less space and is more compact.
Compared with other forms of rails 52, the i-steel rail with the linear axis has the advantages of simple structure, low cost and high reliability, and is suitable for being used in occasions needing repeatedly pushing the main rib for a large number of times.
The track 52 is provided with a fixed-length pulley 53 which can slide relative to the track 52. The fixed-length block 53 slides reciprocally on the rail 52 in the axial direction of the rail 52. In some embodiments, the length block 53 includes a block body 5301 disposed above the track 52, the particular shape of the block body 5301 including, but not limited to, a flat plate, a circular plate, or other shape. And all be provided with limiting plate 5302 in the both sides of coaster body 5301, and limiting plate 5302 sets up on the lower terminal surface of coaster body 5301 and downwardly extending. The limiting plate 5302 is fixed to the pulley body 5301 by welding or other equivalent methods. I.e. the length block 53 is configured as an inverted u-shaped body that slides back and forth over the i-steel configured track 52.
Optionally, in order to improve the sliding speed and stability, avoid friction heating, and maintain reliability in the occasion where repeated sliding is required for a large number of times, the limiting plate 5302 is further provided with a plurality of pulley blocks, and the fixed-length pulley 53 slides on the upper end face of the rail 52 through the pulley blocks relative to the rail 52. In some embodiments, the pulley block comprises 4 groups, and the 4 groups are respectively arranged on the front end and the rear end of the left limiting plate and the right limiting plate. The pulley block is constructed into two pulleys which are symmetrically arranged up and down, and the two pulleys clamp the I-steel from the upper surface and the lower surface of the upper end of the I-steel rail 52, so that the positioning pulley 53 can be restrained on the rail 2, the positioning pulley is prevented from being separated from the rail 52, the reliability and the stability of the main rib pushed by the positioning pulley 53 are further improved, and the probability of potential safety hazards is reduced.
In some embodiments, in order to further restrict the sliding motion of the fixed-length block 53 on the track 52, so that the motion track of the fixed-length block 53 fits a straight line, a guide rod 54 is disposed on the upper end surface of the track 52, the axis of the guide rod 54 is a horizontal straight line, and preferably, the axis of the guide rod 54 is on the same vertical plane with the axis of the track 52 in the length direction. The guide bar 54 is optionally a straight steel bar welded or otherwise equally fixed to the upper end face of the rail 52, optionally rectangular in cross-section. The tackle 53 cooperates with the guide rod 54 to restrict the sliding movement of the tackle 53. Optionally, a groove matched with the guide rod 54 is formed in the bottom end face of the tackle body 5301 of the fixed-length tackle 53 and is matched with the guide rod 54, or a plurality of roller sets are arranged at the bottom of the tackle body 5301 in the axial direction of the guide rod, each roller set comprises two rollers which are symmetrically arranged, the axes of the two rollers are perpendicular, and the two rollers clamp the guide rod 54 from two side faces of the guide rod 54, so that the sliding track of the fixed-length tackle 53 is restricted.
Since the definite length block 53 needs to repeatedly collide with and push the main rib end surface, in some embodiments, the definite length block 53 has a definite length stop 55 thereon for engaging with the main rib end surface. The shear stop 55 is configured as a rectangular block of material including, but not limited to, the same material as the cage bars or other equivalent material of greater stiffness.
Wherein, the fixed-length pulley 53 drives the fixed-length pulley 53 to slide relative to the track 52 through a driving device. In some embodiments, the track 52 is provided with a rack 56 along the length of the track 52, and the rack 56 may be fixed to the upper end surface or other surface of the track by welding, bolts, nuts, or other equivalent methods. In some embodiments, the rack 56 is secured to a side lower end of the upper leg of the rail 52 in the form of an i-beam.
The drive mechanism includes a drive reducer 57 removably mounted to the length block 53, and the drive reducer may be mounted on the top, side, or other location of the length block 53. The driving reducer is constructed as a combination of the driving motor and the reducer, and it is clear to those skilled in the art how to implement the combination of the driving motor and the reducer, and the description of this embodiment is omitted. In some embodiments, the drive reducer 57 is mounted on the limit plate 5302 on one side, and optionally, the drive reducer is located on the same side of the length block 53 as the rack 56. An output shaft of the driving reducer 57 is threadedly connected with a gear through a mounting hole for mounting the driving reducer 57, and the rack 56 is engaged with the gear. That is, the driving motor fixed on the limiting plate 5302 drives the gear to rotate through the speed reducer, and then drives the fixed-length pulley 53 to slide on the track 52 through the rolling of the gear on the rack 56.
Because the lengths of each main rib which need to be pushed are different, namely, each time the fixed-length pulley 53 slides on the track 52, the fixed-length pulley 53 has the same or different preset values, and in order to accurately position the fixed-length pulley 53 to the first position, or the fixed-length pulley 53 needs to be accurately positioned to the first position. Therefore, a brake device is also required to be installed on the fixed-length block 53.
In some embodiments, the braking device includes a telescopic cylinder 58 fixed on the length-fixing pulley 53, a brake block 59 is disposed on a telescopic end of the telescopic cylinder 58, the telescopic cylinder 58 drives the brake block 59 to a braking position, when the braking position is reached, the brake block 59 is tightly attached to the rail 52 under the action of the telescopic cylinder 58, and the length-fixing pulley 53 in motion is braked by friction force. The telescoping cylinder 58 includes, but is not limited to, an air cylinder, a hydro cylinder, or other equivalent structure. And the pressing force of the brake block 59 and the surface of the rail 52 can be the pulling force provided when the telescopic cylinder 58 is shortened or the pressure provided when the telescopic cylinder 58 is extended.
Optionally, the telescopic cylinder is detachably mounted on the limiting plate 5302 on one side or both sides, the telescopic cylinder 58 is horizontally arranged, the telescopic end of the telescopic cylinder 58 penetrates through the limiting plate 5302 on one side and then is fixedly connected with the brake block 59, and the brake block 59 is configured into a cylindrical block, and the end face of the cylindrical block is opposite to the side wall of the waist of the i-shaped steel rail 52. The means of securing the brake block 59 includes, but is not limited to, a threaded connection. Thus, under the pressure of the telescopic cylinder 58 when it is extended, the brake block 59 is pressed against the side wall of the waist of the rail 52 in the form of an i-beam. The brake device with the structure has the advantages of simple structure and small occupied space, and avoids interference with other parts of the seam welder or the reinforcement cage.
Wherein, two groups of telescopic cylinders 58 can be arranged and are respectively arranged at the front end and the rear end of the fixed-length pulley 53. In some embodiments, the telescopic cylinder is arranged at the front end and the rear end of the limiting plate 5302, so that the braking distance is shorter, the braking action is more reliable, the fixed-length pulley can be accurately positioned at the first position, and errors caused by multiple use of the fixed-length pulley are reduced.
The ranging function of the laser ranging system is achieved by a laser range finder 510 fixed to the fixed-length block 53. In some embodiments, the laser rangefinder 510 is fixedly mounted on the upper end face of the definite length stop 55. Preferably, the laser rangefinder 510 is removably mounted to the upper end surface of the fixed-length stop 55. In space, the laser range finder 510, the fixed-length baffle 55 and the pulley body 5301 are sequentially arranged from top to bottom, so that interference of functional components is avoided, and system reliability and stability are improved. In some embodiments, the laser range finder 510 is located in the axial direction of the main tendon supply stand 51, and the laser range finder emits a laser signal, and after the laser signal is emitted to the end face of the main tendon, a reflected signal is received by the laser range finder 510. The laser distance measuring instrument 510 transmits measured information to the control console PLC, the control console PLC calculates a preset position of the fixed-length pulley 53 on the rail 52 according to the design position of the main rib, the driving and driving speed reducer 57 is started, the fixed-length pulley 53 starts to slide on the rail 52, when the preset position is reached, the control console PLC controls the brake device to be started, the telescopic cylinder 58 drives the brake block 59 to brake, and the fixed-length pulley 53 is fixed at the calculated preset position.
In order to ensure the measurement accuracy of the laser distance measuring device and to simplify the calculation process of the control console PLC, in some embodiments, the fixed-length block 53 has a first position on the rail 52, and the fixed-length block 53 is always in the first position in the initial state and when the main rib is in place. In some embodiments, the first position of the definite length pulley 53 is the end of the track 52 that is distal from the main tendon.
In order to improve the reliability of signal transmission and avoid loss of transmission signals, in some embodiments, a cable-wired connection is used. Optionally, a wire storage box 511 is fixed in parallel below the rail 52, and the wire storage box 511 is also fixed on the main bar feeding frame 51 by welding, bolt-nut assembly or other equivalent methods. A drag chain 512 is arranged in the storage line box 11, one end of the drag chain 512 is connected with the storage line box 511, namely, a part of the drag chain 512 slides relatively in the storage line box 511. The other end of the drag chain 512 is connected with the fixed-length pulley 53, namely, the other end of the drag chain 512 is detachably fixed on the fixed-length pulley 53. Cables are arranged in the drag chain 512, and the control console PLC is electrically connected with the laser range finder, the driving device and the brake device through the cables. The combination of the tow chain 512 and the take-up box 511 can effectively avoid the cables from becoming entangled in the sliding of the fixed-length block 53.
Example 2
In one embodiment, the operation is as follows:
the reinforcement cage seam welder is horizontally arranged, namely a first straight line X, a second straight line and a third straight line Y are positioned on the same horizontal plane, and a fourth straight line Z is positioned on the plumb face. On being fixed with the walking track that comprises the I-steel of two parallels subaerial, two travelling platforms are symmetrically installed on the walking track, support frame 3 corresponds and locates on the travelling platform, work or material rest 5 on the orbital one side of walking between two support frames 3 is subaerial to be fixed with the main muscle, main muscle is gone up along first straight line X on the front of work or material rest 5, horizontal arrangement has a plurality of interior muscle centre gripping drivers 2 that prop, still arranged a plurality of hydraulic telescoping support frame 4 on the walking track between two support frames 3. The inner supporting rib clamping drivers 2 and the hydraulic telescopic support frames are arranged in a one-to-one symmetrical mode.
And step one, setting the numerical value of the total number A of the main reinforcements according to a design drawing of the reinforcement cage to be manufactured, and determining the value of an included angle alpha between the adjacent main reinforcements according to the design drawing of the main reinforcements of the reinforcement cage to be manufactured.
And secondly, arranging and supporting a plurality of inner supporting ribs along a first straight line X by an inner supporting rib supporting device of the steel bar seam welder.
Specifically, on placing two left and right sides support frame 3 with head and the tail internal stay muscle, the inside power of transmitting of mobile station drives inside axis of rotation 37 rotation, drives the rotation of double thread tightening power rod 39, because the screw thread turning direction of the screw thread section at double thread tightening power rod 39 both ends is contrary mutually, simultaneously because guide hole 351 retrains the protruding portion for the left side removes seat 38, the right side and removes the seat and only can the translation, and double thread tightening power rod 39 drives the sliding direction that corresponds left side removal seat 38, the right side removal seat of locating on it and removes the seat and remove mutually backward all the time promptly. When the left moving seat 38 and the right moving seat move in opposite directions and the distance becomes smaller, the distance between the bottom end of the left support rod 36 and the bottom end of the right support rod becomes smaller, and the top end I and the top end II are far away from the sliding guide sleeve 35, so that the inner support extender 34 is forced to be far away from the sliding guide sleeve 35. The groove fitting of the internal stay extender connected on the movable supporting rod arranged in the circumferential direction is a circle with a variable diameter until the circle coincides with the internal stay rib, namely the head and the tail of the internal stay rib are fixedly supported.
Then drive support arm 22 through support telescopic cylinder and keep away from last work or material rest support body 51, on being located third sharp Y, place arc draw-in groove 22 with all the other middle-end internal stay, start the telescoping cylinder and compress tightly the sheave, with internal stay muscle fixed including on the muscle centre gripping aircraft nose, then through last work or material rest organism 51 slip drive on last work or material rest base internal stay muscle centre gripping aircraft nose along the third sharp Y get into between two support frames 3. At this time, the hydraulic telescopic bracket 4 is started, and the carrier roller 452 of the arc-shaped support assembly 45 is in contact with the bottom of the inner supporting rib. The arc-shaped supporting assembly 45 is driven to move on the fourth straight line Z in height through the second telescopic cylinder 412, the material loading rack body 51 is loaded, namely the walking device drives the inner supporting rib to move back and forth on the third straight line Y, the telescopic cylinder adjusts the inner supporting rib in the middle section through pressing force applied to the inner supporting rib in the middle section by the grooved wheel, and finally the head-tail inner supporting rib and the inner supporting rib in the middle section are concentric.
And then, step three, the main rib feeding frame 5 of the steel bar seam welder conveys one main rib to a second position, at the moment, the axis of the main rib is parallel to the first straight line, the side wall of the main rib is tightly attached to the outer side walls of all the inner supporting ribs, and on the outer side walls of the plurality of inner supporting ribs, the value of the number i of the conveyed main ribs is added with 1, namely i = i +1, wherein the initial value of i is 0.
Specifically, on placing reinforcing bar rack 518 with main muscle plain cloth, start telescopic cylinder, the reinforcing bar just slides to collude reinforcing bar lifting chain 515 with the inside transport inclined plane 517 of last work or material rest support body 51 on, colludes on reinforcing bar lifting chain 515 the hook just promotes main muscle to main muscle roll bracket 519 according to the frequency of one at a time to main muscle roll bracket 519's top face slides down naturally, hugs closely the lateral wall of interior brace muscle. Namely, the distances from the axes of the conveyed main ribs to the central axis of the inner supporting rib are kept consistent, and only the projection positions of different main ribs on the first straight line X have deviation. Then the control console PLC starts the laser range finder 510, the laser range finder 510 emits laser to the end face of the main rib, the end face of the main rib reflects laser signals to the laser range finder 510, the control console PLC calculates the correct movement amount of the fixed-length pulley 3 from the first position to the preset position according to the designed position of the main rib in the reinforcement cage, then the movement signals are sent out, the signals are transmitted to the driving reducer 7 and the telescopic cylinder 8 through cables in the storage wire box 12, at the moment, the telescopic cylinder 8 releases the braking state, the driving reducer 7 is started, the fixed-length pulley 3 is pushed forwards, then the fixed-length baffle 5 pushes the main rib at the front section of the fixed-length baffle to the second position, then the fixed-length pulley 3 is integrally and automatically retracted to the first position, the brake is started again for braking, and the whole.
And fourthly, welding the main ribs on the main rib feeding frame 5 to the outer side walls of the plurality of inner support ribs by a welder.
Specifically, push away the main muscle to the exact second position, the workman stands on welder's walking frame 516 this moment, and the side direction nudges the main muscle alright in order letting interior brace muscle and main muscle closely laminate, welds after the laminating, and first main muscle is just assembled and is welded the completion.
Then, step six is carried out, whether a is more than or equal to a.A is judged, wherein a is a coefficient, and a is more than 0 and less than 1; preferably, a =2/3, when the judgment is no, namely the main reinforcement is already welded 2/3, the reinforcement cage under production can already ensure the structural strength. Carrying out the sixth step: the inner supporting rib supporting device releases the support of the inner supporting rib of the centering section; arc draw-in groove release promptly loosens and retrieve interior muscle centre gripping driver that props through support recovery cylinder, and interior muscle centre gripping driver that props pastes material rack support 51.
And if so, performing a seventh step, wherein the inner supporting rib autorotation driving device drives the plurality of inner supporting ribs to rotate around the first straight line X by a rotation angle of beta, and the beta = alpha.
Specifically, move the bench and prop muscle centre gripping driver synchronous output power in the next, support frame main shaft 33 is rotatory to drive slip axle sleeve 35 and go up spare part promptly, prop muscle rotation in head and the tail promptly, prop muscle rotation in a plurality of middle sections of drive wheel subassembly 25 synchronous drive on a plurality of interior muscle centre gripping drivers, realize a plurality of and prop muscle synchronous rotation in the inside, rotation angle beta back synchronous stop to relative position on the muscle lateral wall accords with the design requirement including a plurality of main muscle. Meanwhile, a driving wheel assembly in the arc-shaped clamping groove, namely a second grooved wheel drives the middle section inner supporting rib to rotate, the middle section inner supporting rib and the head and tail inner supporting ribs synchronously rotate upwards, and the rotating angle is calculated in advance according to design requirements and is input.
And step eight, judging whether i = A is established, namely whether the main rib is welded completely.
And if not, the main rib is not welded completely, and the step three is returned.
Specifically, after the rotation to the position, the next main bar is lifted to the main bar rolling bracket 519 through the same steps, the laser ranging system calculates and executes the correct position of the next main bar again, the worker also pushes the next main bar again for welding, and the second main bar is also assembled and welded.
By analogy, the following main ribs are also sequentially welded in place,
when the main rib is welded, the step nine is carried out, the inner supporting rib rotation driving device drives the plurality of inner supporting ribs to synchronously rotate around the first straight line X at a constant speed, the rib winding machine moves along a fifth straight line parallel to the first straight line X, and a welder welds the winding ribs in the rib winding machine onto the main rib.
Specifically, the semi-finished steel bar cage continuously rotates under the driving of the left and right moving tables, the winding bars in the bar winding disc material rack of the moving bar winding machine penetrate through the bar winding preparation machine to start to pull out the winding bars, the winding bars are welded on one main bar and are pushed along with the rotation of the main bar, welding is simultaneously carried out, and when the winding is finished, the winding bars are cut off, and the steel bar cage can finish all processes to form a final product.
Finally, the step ten is carried out, the manufacturing of the reinforcement cage is completed, and the inner supporting rib supporting devices release the support of the inner supporting ribs at the head end and the tail end, so that the support is realized
And hoisting the reinforcement cage by using a crane.
Specifically, then support frame 3 loosens, and support frame 3 withdraws from the steel reinforcement cage along the walking track under the mobile station drives, at this moment directly hoist and mount steel reinforcement cage, alright continue to produce next steel reinforcement cage. If the steel reinforcement cage is lengthened, after the steel reinforcement cage is completed, the position of the main reinforcement is fixed by the length fixing device of the main reinforcement feeding frame, and the steel reinforcement cage can be directly butted.
The above description is only for the purpose of illustrating the preferred embodiments of the present invention and is not to be construed as limiting the invention, and any modifications, equivalents and improvements made within the spirit and principle of the present invention are intended to be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. The use method of the reinforcement cage seam welder is characterized by comprising the following steps of:
the method comprises the following steps that firstly, the numerical value of the total number A of main reinforcements is limited according to a design drawing of the reinforcement cage to be manufactured, and the value of an included angle alpha between adjacent main reinforcements is limited according to the design drawing of the main reinforcements of the reinforcement cage to be manufactured;
secondly, arranging and supporting a plurality of inner supporting ribs along a first straight line (X) by an inner supporting rib supporting device of the steel bar seam welder;
step three, a main bar feeding frame of the steel bar seam welder conveys a main bar to the outer side walls of the plurality of inner support bars, and the value of the quantity i of the conveyed main bars is added with 1, namely i = i +1, wherein the initial value of i is 0;
welding the main ribs on the main rib feeding frame to the outer side walls of the inner supporting ribs by a welder;
judging whether a.A is more than or equal to i, wherein a is a coefficient, and a is more than 0 and less than 1;
when the judgment is negative, the step six is carried out;
if yes, performing the seventh step;
sixthly, the inner supporting rib supporting device releases the support of the inner supporting rib of the centering section;
seventhly, the internal supporting rib autorotation driving device drives the internal supporting ribs to synchronously rotate around a first straight line (X), the rotating angle is beta, and the beta = alpha;
step eight, judging whether i = A is established or not,
if not, performing the third step;
when the judgment is yes, carrying out the ninth step;
step nine, the inner supporting rib autorotation driving device drives the plurality of inner supporting ribs to rotate around a synchronous first straight line (X) at a constant speed, the movable rib winding machine moves along a fifth straight line parallel to the first straight line (X), and a welder welds the winding ribs in the movable rib winding machine onto the main ribs;
step ten, completing the manufacturing of the reinforcement cage, removing the support of the inner supporting ribs at the head end and the tail end by the inner supporting rib supporting device, and hoisting the reinforcement cage by using a crane;
the reinforcement cage seam welder includes:
the inner supporting rib supporting device is used for arranging and supporting a plurality of inner supporting ribs along a first straight line (X);
the internal supporting rib self-rotation driving device is used for driving the plurality of internal supporting ribs to synchronously rotate around the first straight line;
the main rib feeding frame is arranged on one side of the inner supporting rib supporting device and used for conveying the main ribs to the outer side walls of the plurality of inner supporting ribs;
the movable rib winding machine is arranged on any side of the inner rib supporting device and can reciprocate along a fifth straight line;
interior muscle strutting arrangement that props includes:
two support frames (3) which are arranged on the first straight line (X) and are used for installing supporting ribs in two ends of the reinforcement cage;
the inner supporting rib clamping drivers (2) are arranged between the two supporting frames (3) and used for clamping the inner supporting ribs in the middle section, the inner supporting rib clamping drivers (2) are all arranged on the second straight line, and the inner supporting rib clamping drivers (2) can drive the inner supporting ribs in the middle section to reciprocate on the third straight line (Y);
the hydraulic telescopic support frame (4) is arranged between the two support frames (3) and is used for supporting and/or pushing the reinforcement cage, and the hydraulic telescopic support frame (4) can be stretched on a fourth straight line (Z);
the first straight line (X) is parallel to the second straight line, and any two straight lines of the first straight line (X), the third straight line (Y) and the fourth straight line (Z) are vertical to each other.
2. Use of a reinforcement cage seam welder according to claim 1, characterized in that said support frame (3) comprises:
a sliding guide sleeve (35);
the movable support rods are circumferentially arranged on the side wall of the sliding guide sleeve (35), each movable support rod comprises a left support rod (36) and a right support rod, the left support rod and the sliding guide sleeve (35) slide relative to each other, the sliding directions of the left support rod (36) and the right support rod are opposite, and the lengths of the left support rod (36) and the right support rod are equal;
an inner support extender (34) connected to the top of the movable support rod;
wherein, the top end I of the left supporting rod (36) and the top end II of the right supporting rod are both hinged with the inner support extender (34);
the sliding guide sleeve (35) comprises a left moving base (38) and a right moving base, wherein the left moving base slides relative to the sliding guide sleeve (35), the right moving base slides relative to the sliding guide sleeve (35), the sliding directions of the left moving base (38) and the right moving base are opposite, the bottom end of the left support rod (36) is hinged to the left moving base (38), and the bottom end of the right support rod is hinged to the right moving base;
guide holes (351) are formed in the circumferential direction of the side wall of the sliding guide sleeve (35) along the axial direction of the sliding guide sleeve (35), and protruding parts which slide in the guide holes (351) are arranged on the left moving base (38) and the right moving base;
the guide hole (351) is a through hole, and the left moving base (38) and the right moving base are sleeved in the inner cavity of the sliding guide sleeve (35);
and a double-thread tightening power rod (39) is arranged on the axis of the sliding guide sleeve (35) in the sliding guide sleeve (35), the thread directions of a left thread section and a right thread section of the double-thread tightening power rod (39) are opposite, the left moving base (38) is in threaded connection with the left thread section, and the right moving base is in threaded connection with the right thread section.
3. The method of using a reinforcement cage seam welder as recited in claim 2, wherein: the inner supporting rib autorotation driving device comprises head and tail inner supporting rib autorotation devices which are connected with the supporting frame (3) and symmetrically arranged;
the head-tail inner supporting rib rotation device comprises a mobile station capable of reciprocating along a first straight line (X), a supporting fixed seat sleeve (31) fixed on the mobile station and a sliding guide sleeve (35) fixed in the supporting fixed seat sleeve (31) in a relative rotation manner
A support frame main shaft (33) fixedly connected;
the supporting and fixing seat sleeve (31) is internally provided with an internal transmission shaft (37) which is arranged in the supporting and fixing seat sleeve (31) in a relative rotation mode and penetrates through the supporting frame main shaft (33) and is fixedly connected with the double-thread tightening power rod (39).
4. Use of a reinforcement cage seam welder according to claim 1, characterized in that said inner spreader bar clamping actuator (2) comprises:
a traveling device reciprocally movable along the third straight line (Y);
the inner supporting rib clamps the machine head;
one end of the supporting arm (22) is hinged with the walking device, and the other end of the supporting arm (22) is connected with the inner supporting rib clamping machine head;
wherein, the rotating axis of the supporting arm (22) articulated with the walking device is parallel to a fourth straight line (Z).
5. The method of using a reinforcement cage seam welder according to claim 4, wherein: the device also comprises a supporting arm parallel arm (23) which is hinged on the walking device and the axis of which is parallel to the supporting arm (22), and a connecting rod (24) which is used for connecting the supporting arm parallel arm and the supporting arm;
one end of the connecting rod (24) is hinged with the supporting arm parallel arm (23), the other end of the connecting rod (24) is hinged with the supporting arm (22), and the distance from a second rotating axis of the supporting arm parallel arm (23) hinged with the walking device to the rotating axis is equal to the length between the two ends of the connecting rod (24); the supporting arm (22), the supporting arm parallel arm (23) and the connecting rod (24) are all horizontally arranged;
the inner supporting rib clamping machine head comprises an arc-shaped clamping groove (21) and a movable pressing wheel (25) used for pressing the inner supporting rib into the arc-shaped clamping groove;
the movable pinch roller comprises a telescopic cylinder fixed on the arc-shaped clamping groove and a grooved wheel connected to the telescopic end of the telescopic cylinder.
6. The method of using a reinforcement cage seam welder according to claim 5, wherein: the inner supporting rib autorotation driving device comprises a driving wheel assembly (26) for driving the inner supporting rib to rotate in the arc-shaped clamping groove (21);
the driving wheel assembly comprises a driving speed reducing mechanism fixed on the arc-shaped clamping groove and a second grooved wheel in power connection with the driving speed reducing mechanism, and the second grooved wheel are respectively arranged at the inner side and the outer side of the inner supporting rib.
7. The method of using a reinforcement cage seam welder as recited in claim 1, wherein: the hydraulic telescopic support frame (4) comprises:
a base (44);
a telescopic bracket assembly (43) with the bottom end connected to the base (44);
the support device comprises an arc-shaped support assembly (45) connected to the top end of a telescopic bracket assembly (43), wherein the arc-shaped support assembly (45) comprises a bracket (451) connected with the top end of the telescopic bracket assembly (43) and a carrier roller assembly arranged on the bracket (451), the carrier roller assembly comprises a plurality of carrier rollers (452) hinged on the bracket (451), the axes of the carrier rollers (452) are horizontally arranged and are sequentially arranged on the same virtual arc line segment, and the circle center of the virtual arc line segment is positioned on the axis of an inner supporting rib;
wherein the idler assemblies comprise at least two sets of idler assemblies arranged in parallel along a first line (X), the axes of idlers (452) in any set of idler assemblies being staggered with respect to the axes of idlers (452) in its adjacent idler assemblies.
8. The method for using the reinforcement cage seam welder according to claim 1, wherein the main reinforcement feeding frame comprises:
the feeding frame base is arranged on one side of the inner supporting rib supporting device;
the feeding rack body can slide relative to the feeding rack base;
the steel bar feeding frame is arranged at the back of the feeding frame;
the main rib rolling bracket is arranged at the top of the front side of the feeding frame;
the hooked steel bar lifting chain is used for lifting the main steel bar from the steel bar feeding frame to the main steel bar rolling bracket;
laser rangefinder fixed length system, laser rangefinder fixed length system includes:
the rail (52) is horizontally arranged at one end of the upper material rack body (51), and the rail (52) is arranged along a second straight line;
a tackle, said tackle being slidable relative to said track (52);
the laser range finder is used for testing the distance between the end face of the main rib and the fixed-length pulley (53), and the laser range finder (510) is fixed on the fixed-length pulley (53);
the driving device is used for driving the fixed-length pulley (53) to slide relative to the track (52);
the brake device is arranged on the fixed-length pulley (53);
and the console PLC is in communication connection with the laser range finder (510), the driving device and the brake device.
CN201910388203.5A 2019-05-10 2019-05-10 Application method of reinforcement cage seam welder Active CN110000459B (en)

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CN111889862A (en) * 2020-08-04 2020-11-06 绍兴裕铭机械科技有限公司 Driving portal frame of reinforcement cage seam welder

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CN106624661A (en) * 2017-01-25 2017-05-10 北京城建集团有限责任公司 Reinforcement cage manufacturing method and reinforcement cage rolling welder
CN206764168U (en) * 2017-03-30 2017-12-19 中铁四局集团路桥工程有限公司 Reinforcing bar cage seam welding cage bar automatic charging equipment

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EP1364726A2 (en) * 2002-05-23 2003-11-26 NGR Limited Reinforcement cage making apparatus
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CN105436360A (en) * 2016-01-25 2016-03-30 宁波交通工程建设集团有限公司 Half-shaft separation-type reinforcement cage making equipment and use method
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