CN105240232B - A kind of shock-absorbing generation device based on liquid flowing - Google Patents

A kind of shock-absorbing generation device based on liquid flowing Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105240232B
CN105240232B CN201510732905.2A CN201510732905A CN105240232B CN 105240232 B CN105240232 B CN 105240232B CN 201510732905 A CN201510732905 A CN 201510732905A CN 105240232 B CN105240232 B CN 105240232B
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China
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compression
liquid
fixture block
gear
guide pillar
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CN201510732905.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105240232A (en
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李程伟
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温州泓呈祥科技有限公司
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Publication of CN105240232A publication Critical patent/CN105240232A/en
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Publication of CN105240232B publication Critical patent/CN105240232B/en

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03GSPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS; MECHANICAL-POWER PRODUCING DEVICES OR MECHANISMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR OR USING ENERGY SOURCES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03G7/00Mechanical-power-producing mechanisms, not otherwise provided for or using energy sources not otherwise provided for
    • F03G7/08Mechanical-power-producing mechanisms, not otherwise provided for or using energy sources not otherwise provided for recovering energy derived from swinging, rolling, pitching or like movements, e.g. from the vibrations of a machine

Abstract

The invention belongs to automotive shock-absorbing energy-saving technical field, particularly relate to a kind of shock-absorbing generation device based on liquid flowing, it includes damping conversion of motion device, first liquid compression unit, second liquid compression unit, hydraulic motor, generator, wherein the transverse reciprocating that the vertical tremor of vehicle body is converted into reciprocating rack is moved by damping conversion of motion device, liquid is in first, second liquid compression unit, conduit, in the space of hydraulic motor composition, tooth bar transverse reciprocating is moved through connecting rod and drives first liquid compression unit and second liquid compression unit compressed liquid each other, liquid is driven back and forth to flow in space, thus drive hydraulic motor to drive electrical power generators, damping capacity is reclaimed;The vertical tremor of vehicle body is converted into horizontal reciprocating movement by the transmission that present invention uses gear and tooth bar, multimode utilization for thump energy provides the foundation, additionally it is designed to compression cylinder compress secondary cylinder and compress the structure that master cylinder can be embedded, the length of piston rod can be significantly shorter, serve compact space-saving beneficial aspects, there is useful energy-saving effect.

Description

A kind of shock-absorbing generation device based on liquid flowing

Art

The invention belongs to automotive shock-absorbing energy-saving technical field, particularly relate to a kind of shock-absorbing generation device based on liquid flowing.

Background technology

Automotive suspension is the connecting vehicle frame device with axletree of automobile Elastic at present.It is typically made up of parts such as shock-absorbing spring, guiding mechanism, dampers, and main task is the impact relaxing and being passed to vehicle frame by uneven road surface, to improve comfortableness by bus.

Through uneven road surface, shock-absorbing spring is for filtering the vibrations on road surface, but shock-absorbing spring self also has a reciprocating motion, and concussion when the damper being installed in parallel with shock-absorbing spring rebounds after being the most just used to suppress spring shock-absorbing and the impact from road surface.For damping vibrations, automobile suspension system use damper be mostly fluid power piston damper to one's heart's content, when its operation principle is to shake when between vehicle frame (or vehicle body) and axletree and relative motion occur, piston in damper moves up and down, the fluid in snubber cavity the most repeatedly from a chamber in different holes flows into another chamber.

Under normal conditions, these vibration energy cannot be changed timely or store and be wasted.Along with popularizing that automobile uses, the energy being wasted also gets more and more.

Suspension system in the market still rests on simple buffering shock sucking function, does not provide the technology that good changes mechanical energy is other energy and solves problem

The present invention designs a kind of shock-absorbing generation device based on liquid flowing and solves as above problem.

Summary of the invention

For solving drawbacks described above of the prior art, the present invention discloses a kind of shock-absorbing generation device based on liquid flowing, and it realizes by the following technical solutions.

nullA kind of shock-absorbing generation device based on liquid flowing,It is characterized in that: it includes compression piston bar、Damping spring、Base plate、Guide pillar、Top board、Guide pillar flute profile、Base、First gear、Second gear、3rd gear、Reciprocating rack、Guide pillar fixture block、Fixture block groove、Guide pillar groove、Gear grooved、Base rach slot、Base plate rach slot、First liquid compression unit、Second liquid compression unit、Generator、Fixed plate、Generator supports、Alternator shaft、Hydraulic motor pillar、Hydraulic motor the first liquid in-out mouth、Hydraulic motor the second liquid in-out mouth、Hydraulic motor、Second liquid compression unit liquid in-out mouth、Second liquid compression unit supports、Second connecting rod、Head rod、First liquid compression unit liquid in-out mouth,Wherein mounting of roof plate is in guide pillar one end,Guide pillar flute profile is multiple Cylinder Gears arranged side by side,Guide pillar flute profile is arranged on guide pillar face,Guide pillar fixture block is arranged on side, guide pillar bottom,The hollow cylinder of guide pillar groove is had centered by base,Guide pillar groove has fixture block groove,Guide pillar fixture block slides in fixture block groove,Guide pillar slides in guide pillar groove,Gear grooved is had on the external cylindrical surface that Its lower side is a section,Gear grooved extends to guide pillar groove from external cylindrical surface,And extend downwardly into base bottom face,Base bottom face has base rach slot,Base bottom upper bed-plate rach slot cell wall is coplanar with gear grooved cell wall,Base plate is arranged on base bottom,Base plate rach slot is had on base plate,Reciprocating rack is arranged on base plate rach slot、In the conduit of base rach slot and gear grooved composition,And can be slidably;First gear, the second gear and the 3rd gear are sequentially arranged in base gear groove up and down by gear shaft, and the first gear and the engagement of the second gear, second gear and the engagement of the 3rd gear, 3rd gear engages with reciprocating rack, guide pillar flute profile engages with the first gear and the 3rd gear and does not engages with the second gear, and the first gear and the 3rd gear size number of teeth are identical and be all higher than size and the number of teeth of the second gear;Damping spring one end is arranged on the downside of top board, and the other end is arranged on the upside of base plate, and is placed on the outside of guide pillar and base.

In the present invention, the use of damping spring is in order to the vibrations of vehicle body are played cushioning effect, guide pillar is with the purpose that is slidably matched of base guide pillar groove: first guide pillar and guide pillar slot fit serves stable damping, buffering effect, secondly in order to vibration displacement is converted into horizontal reciprocating movement by the engagement of wheel and rack;The design of guide pillar fixture block and fixture block slot fit causes guide pillar flute profile cannot engage with gear to prevent guide pillar and base from occurring mutually to rotate;

nullAforesaid liquid compression unit includes compressing secondary cylinder cap、The secondary cylinder of compression、Compression master cylinder、Fixture block splined hub、Compression master cylinder bottom、Compression piston、The secondary cylinder fixture block of compression、Master cylinder outer wall、Master cylinder inwall、Fixture block chute、Master cylinder bottom surface、Piston card lock、Kayser journal stirrup、Kayser、Card hook lock,Wherein compression piston bar one end is arranged on compression piston,The secondary cylinder of compression is hollow cylinder,The secondary cylinder cap of compression is arranged on the secondary cylinder one end of compression,Compression master cylinder is hollow cylinder,And at one end face has ring groove,Ring groove is by master cylinder outer wall、Master cylinder bottom surface and master cylinder inwall composition,Compress in secondary cylinder is arranged on ring groove and can slide,Fixture block splined hub is installed on master cylinder outer wall,Fixture block splined hub forms fixture block chute with master cylinder outer wall,Two secondary cylinder fixture blocks of compression are symmetrically mounted on the secondary cylinder bottom end periphery of compression,The secondary cylinder fixture block of compression slides and in fixture block chute,Fixture block coordinates with fixture block chute to play to be stablized and positioning action compression pair cylinder.Compression master cylinder bottom is arranged on compression master cylinder bottom end, the secondary cylinder of compression slides in compression master cylinder groove, the secondary cylinder cap of compression, the secondary cylinder of compression, compression master cylinder and compression master cylinder bottom one confined space of composition, when the secondary cylinder of compression slides along master cylinder groove, the volume of compression stroke is in change, and multimedium serves the effect of compression stretching;

Above-mentioned compression piston is arranged on the secondary cylinder of compression and compresses in the space that master cylinder forms, compression piston bar is through the compression middle circular hole of secondary cylinder cap, six piston card locks are uniformly arranged on the secondary cylinder bottom end margin of compression, each piston card lock is provided with kayser journal stirrup, kayser is arranged on kayser journal stirrup by revolute pair, six card hook locks are uniformly had on compression piston external cylindrical surface, the sharper one end of kayser coordinates with the card hook lock of compression piston, when the sharper one end of kayser hooks in piston, kayser latching ram, piston cylinder secondary with compression by kayser locked together with, now, piston can drive compression secondary cylinder cap motion, and then drive compression secondary cylinder motion.

When the secondary cylinder of compression is not entirely when compressing in master cylinder groove, compression piston is connected cooperation by the secondary cylinder cap of kayser and compression, the secondary cylinder compressed media of piston driving compression, when during the secondary cylinder of compression is completely into compression master cylinder groove, piston cylinder cap secondary with compression departs from, and piston continues compression after entering compression master cylinder.

Above-mentioned fixed plate is arranged on bottom panel side, generator is supported by generator and is arranged in fixed plate, hydraulic motor is arranged on generator end face by hydraulic motor pillar, hydraulic motor rotating shaft is connected with alternator shaft, first liquid compression unit and second liquid compression unit are supported by compression unit and are arranged on fixed plate both sides, head rod one end is connected with reciprocating rack, the other end is connected with the compression piston bar of first liquid compression unit, second connecting rod one end is connected with reciprocating rack, the other end is connected with the compression piston bar of second liquid compression unit, head rod and the second connecting rod have a certain degree;Hydraulic motor the first liquid in-out mouth and hydraulic motor the second liquid in-out mouth are arranged on hydraulic motor, first liquid compression unit liquid in-out mouth is arranged on first liquid compression unit upper surface, second liquid compression unit liquid in-out mouth is arranged on second liquid compression unit upper surface, first liquid compression unit liquid in-out mouth is connected by conduit with hydraulic motor the first liquid in-out mouth, and second liquid compression unit liquid in-out mouth is connected by conduit with hydraulic motor the second liquid in-out mouth.

Two compression units, conduit and hydraulic motor composition fluid space are employed herein, when tooth bar moves back and forth, the compression stroke of two compression units only and is definite value, but the compression stroke for each compression unit changes with tooth bar motion, thus liquid can be played the purpose of a reciprocal driving, owing to liquid back and forth flows, the positive and negative alternately change of point that generator will be driven to send by hydraulic motor, so needing to connect positive and negative rectified current at generator, electric current is become direct current, it is simple to be stored in battery.

As the further improvement of this technology, above-mentioned mounting of roof plate is on the downside of vehicle body, and base plate is arranged on the upside of vehicle bridge.Shock-absorbing generation device is used for automobile shock, replaces existing shock-absorption device in other words.

As the further improvement of this technology, above-mentioned base upper surface is provided with base cover plate, and guide pillar fixture block slides in fixture block groove, after adding cover plate, it is therefore prevented that fixture block skids off fixture block groove, and then ensure that guide pillar is without departing from guide pillar groove.

nullFurther improvement as this technology,Above-mentioned compression piston bar includes compression piston bar thin segment、The thick section of compression piston bar,Section thick with compression piston bar one end, compression piston bar thin segment one end is connected,Piston rod is designed to two different bars of thickness be formed by connecting,Purpose is: when the secondary cylinder of compression is all introduced in master cylinder groove under the drive of piston,Piston cylinder secondary with compression departs from,Piston movement is to inside master cylinder,Now compression stroke is piston and master cylinder inside and the space of master cylinder bottom composition,The secondary cylinder of compression will not be working space with the space at the piston back side,But the secondary cylinder of compression before is during entering into master cylinder,Space between the secondary cylinder of compression and the piston back side is containing compressed media,After the secondary cylinder of piston and compression departs from,It is likely to compress under the pressure medium effect that secondary cylinder was originally compressed,Again from compression master cylinder out,So secondary cylinder cap of compression will interfere the motion of compression piston bar,Cause the damage of structure,So when the secondary cylinder of compression is not completely into time in master cylinder,The thick section of piston rod is through the hole on the secondary cylinder cap of compression,And just seal cooperation,When the secondary cylinder of compression is completely into time in master cylinder,Piston departs from secondary cylinder,The relatively secondary cylinder cap of piston moves down,Thick section follows piston downward,Thin segment instead of thick section through secondary cylinder head bore,Because there is gap in thin segment and hole,Now the gas of original compression is emerged,The medium preventing the secondary cylinder of compression to be compressed ejects from compression master cylinder.

As the further improvement of this technology, above-mentioned fixture block chute being provided with fixture block chute circular ring cover, fixture block chute circular ring cover is made up of annulus and fixture block chute cover plate, and fixture block chute cover plate coordinates with fixture block chute upper end notch.Fixture block slides in fixture block chute, in order to prevent fixture block from skidding off, installs cover plate at fixture block chute mouth and is used for blocking fixture block.

Further improvement as this technology, above-mentioned master cylinder inwall upper surface is inclined-plane, on inclined-plane, any point reduces to the distance dimension linear radially inward of master cylinder bottom surface, the purpose of design on inclined-plane is: the blunt end contact of the upper end on inclined-plane first kayser, blunt end can be produced pressure, will rotating around revolute pair of kayser, and then kayser is most advanced and sophisticated and on piston card end hook hole disengaging.

Further improvement as this technology, in above-mentioned compression piston thick bar, anti-collision spring is installed, and anti-collision spring one end is connected with compression piston end face, after piston has compressed, need during piston reset to drive the secondary cylinder of compression to restart to stretch out master cylinder groove, driving it may happen that piston and the collision of compression pair cylinder cap, the spring purpose of design is buffering.

Further improvement as this technology, above-mentioned compression piston external cylindrical surface diameter is identical with the diameter of master cylinder inwall inner cylinder face, before piston departs from secondary cylinder cap, compression stroke is the space between the secondary cylinder of compression and master cylinder, piston does not play the effect of any compression, and after piston departs from secondary cylinder, piston enters inside master cylinder, the medium compressed before is proceeded compression, now needs piston to seal with master cylinder and coordinate.

As the further improvement of this technology, the more blunt one end band of above-mentioned kayser is magnetic, when piston reset, drive secondary cylinder cap to move to the direction that medium stretches, but piston is the most locked, as the most locked with secondary cylinder cap, so next compression circulation, piston cannot drive secondary cylinder motion, so, the kayser blunt end of design is magnetic, so when kayser departs from inclined-plane, by the magnetic force to inclined-plane, kayser self rotates an angle around kayser revolute pair, and then by locked with secondary cylinder cap for piston.

Relative to traditional automotive shock-absorbing energy-saving technology, in the present invention, the transverse reciprocating that the vertical tremor of vehicle body is converted into reciprocating rack is moved by damping conversion of motion device, liquid is in the space of first, second liquid compression unit, conduit, hydraulic motor composition, tooth bar transverse reciprocating is moved through connecting rod and drives first liquid compression unit and second liquid compression unit compressed liquid each other, liquid is driven back and forth to flow in space, thus drive hydraulic motor to drive electrical power generators, damping capacity is reclaimed;The vertical tremor of vehicle body is converted into horizontal reciprocating movement by the transmission that present invention uses gear and tooth bar, multimode utilization for thump energy provides the foundation, additionally it is designed to compression cylinder compress secondary cylinder and compress the structure that master cylinder can be embedded, the length of piston rod can be significantly shorter, serve compact space-saving beneficial aspects, there is useful energy-saving effect.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is damping drive mechanism schematic diagram.

Fig. 2 is guide pillar structure schematic diagram.

Fig. 3 is guide pillar and top board top view.

Fig. 4 is understructure schematic diagram.

Fig. 5 is understructure upward view.

Fig. 6 is understructure perspective view.

Fig. 7 is base arrangement schematic diagram.

Fig. 8 is damping transmission profile.

Fig. 9 is damping drive mechanism sectional view.

Figure 10 is global facility distribution schematic diagram.

Figure 11 is compression piston bar scheme of installation.

Figure 12 is the secondary cylinder cap scheme of installation of compression.

Figure 13 is the secondary cylinder fixture block scheme of installation of compression.

Figure 14 is fixture block chute circular ring cover scheme of installation.

Figure 15 is compression master cylinder arrangement schematic diagram.

Figure 16 is fixture block splined hub scheme of installation.

Figure 17 is fixture block chute circular ring cover structural representation.

Figure 18 is compression piston scheme of installation.

Figure 19 is kayser scheme of installation.

Figure 20 is latching structure schematic diagram.

Figure 21 is piston and snap fit relationship example schematic diagram.

Figure 22 is the compression cylinder contrast schematic diagram that takes up room with conventional compression cylinder of the present invention.

Figure 23 is the buffer dynamo structure overall structure schematic diagram of liquid flowing.

Figure 24 is generating mechanism scheme of installation.

Figure 25 is first, second liquid compression unit scheme of installation.

Figure 26 is that first, second liquid compression unit installs top view.

Figure 27 is first, second connecting rod structural representation.

Figure 28 is first, second connecting rod structural side view.

Figure 29 is first liquid compression unit liquid in-out mouth scheme of installation.

nullLabel title in figure: 1、Compression piston bar thin segment,2、The secondary cylinder cap of compression,3、The thick section of compression piston bar,4、The secondary cylinder of compression,5、Fixture block chute circular ring cover,6、Compression master cylinder,7、Fixture block splined hub,8、Compression master cylinder bottom,9、Compression piston,10、The secondary cylinder fixture block of compression,11、Master cylinder outer wall,12、Master cylinder inwall,13、Fixture block chute,14、Fixture block chute cover plate,15、Master cylinder bottom surface,16、Anti-collision spring,17、Piston card lock,18、Kayser journal stirrup,19、Kayser,20、Card hook lock,21、Damping spring,22、Base plate,23、Guide pillar,24、Top board,25、Guide pillar flute profile,26、Base cover plate,27、Base,28、First gear,29、Second gear,30、3rd gear,31、Reciprocating rack,32、Guide pillar fixture block,33、Fixture block groove,34、Guide pillar groove,35、Gear grooved,36、Base rach slot,37、Base plate rach slot,38、First liquid compression unit,39、Second liquid compression unit,40、Generator,41、Fixed plate,42、Generator supports,43、Alternator shaft,44、Hydraulic motor pillar,45、Hydraulic motor the first liquid in-out mouth,46、Hydraulic motor the second liquid in-out mouth,47、Hydraulic motor,48、Second liquid compression unit liquid in-out mouth,49、Compression unit supports,50、Second connecting rod,51、Head rod,52、First liquid compression unit liquid in-out mouth.

Detailed description of the invention

nullAs shown in figure 23,It includes compression piston bar、Damping spring、Base plate、Guide pillar、Top board、Guide pillar flute profile、Base、First gear、Second gear、3rd gear、Reciprocating rack、Guide pillar fixture block、Fixture block groove、Guide pillar groove、Gear grooved、Base rach slot、Base plate rach slot、First liquid compression unit、Second liquid compression unit、Generator、Fixed plate、Generator supports、Alternator shaft、Hydraulic motor pillar、Hydraulic motor the first liquid in-out mouth、Hydraulic motor the second liquid in-out mouth、Hydraulic motor、Second liquid compression unit liquid in-out mouth、Second liquid compression unit supports、Second connecting rod、Head rod、First liquid compression unit liquid in-out mouth,Wherein such as Fig. 1、Shown in 2,Mounting of roof plate is in guide pillar one end,Guide pillar flute profile is multiple Cylinder Gears arranged side by side,Guide pillar flute profile is arranged on guide pillar face,Such as Fig. 2、Shown in 3,Guide pillar fixture block is arranged on side, guide pillar bottom,Such as Fig. 4、5、Shown in 6,The hollow cylinder of guide pillar groove is had centered by base,Guide pillar groove has fixture block groove,Guide pillar fixture block slides in fixture block groove,Guide pillar slides in guide pillar groove,Gear grooved is had on the external cylindrical surface that Its lower side is a section,Gear grooved extends to guide pillar groove from external cylindrical surface,And extend downwardly into base bottom face,Base bottom face has base rach slot,Base bottom upper bed-plate rach slot cell wall is coplanar with gear grooved cell wall,Such as Fig. 1、Shown in 7,Base plate is arranged on base bottom,Base plate rach slot is had on base plate,Reciprocating rack is arranged on base plate rach slot、In the conduit of base rach slot and gear grooved composition,And can be slidably;Such as Fig. 8, shown in 9, first gear, second gear and the 3rd gear are sequentially arranged in base gear groove up and down by gear shaft, and the first gear and the engagement of the second gear, second gear and the engagement of the 3rd gear, 3rd gear engages with reciprocating rack, guide pillar flute profile engages with the first gear and the 3rd gear and does not engages with the second gear, first gear and the 3rd gear size number of teeth are identical and be all higher than size and the number of teeth of the second gear, reciprocating motion is transmitted to the first gear by guide pillar, only the biggest when guide pillar reciprocation amplitude, just can decline and engage with the 3rd gear, second gear is the gear of transmission between the first gear and the 3rd gear, do not engage with guide pillar, so the size of the second gear is little compared with other two gears, prevent from contacting with guide pillar;Damping spring one end is arranged on the downside of top board, and the other end is arranged on the upside of base plate, and is placed on the outside of guide pillar and base.

In the present invention, the use of damping spring is in order to the vibrations of vehicle body are played cushioning effect, guide pillar is with the purpose that is slidably matched of base guide pillar groove: first guide pillar and guide pillar slot fit serves stable damping, buffering effect, secondly in order to vibration displacement is converted into horizontal reciprocating movement by the engagement of wheel and rack;The design of guide pillar fixture block and fixture block slot fit causes guide pillar flute profile cannot engage with gear to prevent guide pillar and base from occurring mutually to rotate;

Above-mentioned mounting of roof plate is on the downside of vehicle body, and base plate is arranged on the upside of vehicle bridge.Shock-absorbing generation device is used for automobile shock, replaces existing shock-absorption device in other words.

As it is shown in figure 1, above-mentioned base upper surface is provided with base cover plate, guide pillar fixture block slides in fixture block groove, after adding cover plate, it is therefore prevented that fixture block skids off fixture block groove, and then ensure that guide pillar is without departing from guide pillar groove.

nullAs shown in Figure 10,Liquid compression unit includes compression piston bar、The secondary cylinder cap of compression、The secondary cylinder of compression、Compression master cylinder、Fixture block splined hub、Compression master cylinder bottom、Compression piston、The secondary cylinder fixture block of compression、Master cylinder outer wall、Master cylinder inwall、Fixture block chute、Master cylinder bottom surface、Piston card lock、Kayser journal stirrup、Kayser、Card hook lock,The most as shown in figure 11,Compression piston bar one end is arranged on compression piston,Such as Figure 12、Shown in 13,The secondary cylinder of compression is hollow cylinder,The secondary cylinder cap of compression is arranged on the secondary cylinder one end of compression,Such as Figure 14、15、Shown in 16,Compression master cylinder is hollow cylinder,And at one end face has ring groove,Ring groove is by master cylinder outer wall、Master cylinder bottom surface and master cylinder inwall composition,Compress in secondary cylinder is arranged on ring groove and can slide,Fixture block splined hub is installed on master cylinder outer wall,Fixture block splined hub forms fixture block chute with master cylinder outer wall,As shown in figure 12,Two secondary cylinder fixture blocks of compression are symmetrically mounted on the secondary cylinder bottom end periphery of compression,The secondary cylinder fixture block of compression slides and in fixture block chute,Fixture block coordinates with fixture block chute to play to be stablized and positioning action compression pair cylinder.Compression master cylinder bottom is arranged on compression master cylinder bottom end, the secondary cylinder of compression slides in compression master cylinder groove, the secondary cylinder cap of compression, the secondary cylinder of compression, compression master cylinder and compression master cylinder bottom one confined space of composition, when the secondary cylinder of compression slides along master cylinder groove, the volume of compression stroke is in change, and multimedium serves the effect of compression stretching;

Such as Figure 18, 19, shown in 20, above-mentioned compression piston is arranged on the secondary cylinder of compression and compresses in the space that master cylinder forms, compression piston bar is through the compression middle circular hole of secondary cylinder cap, six piston card locks are uniformly arranged on the secondary cylinder bottom end margin of compression, each piston card lock is provided with kayser journal stirrup, kayser is arranged on kayser journal stirrup by revolute pair, six card hook locks are uniformly had on compression piston external cylindrical surface, the sharper one end of kayser coordinates with the card hook lock of compression piston, when the sharper one end of kayser hooks in piston, kayser latching ram, piston cylinder secondary with compression by kayser locked together with, now, piston can drive compression secondary cylinder cap motion, and then drive compression secondary cylinder motion.

When the secondary cylinder of compression is not entirely when compressing in master cylinder groove, compression piston is connected cooperation by the secondary cylinder cap of kayser and compression, the secondary cylinder compressed media of piston driving compression, when during the secondary cylinder of compression is completely into compression master cylinder groove, piston cylinder cap secondary with compression departs from, and piston continues compression after entering compression master cylinder.

nullAs shown in figure 11,Above-mentioned compression piston bar includes compression piston bar thin segment、The thick section of compression piston bar,Section thick with compression piston bar one end, compression piston bar thin segment one end is connected,Piston rod is designed to two different bars of thickness be formed by connecting,Purpose is: when the secondary cylinder of compression is all introduced in master cylinder groove under the drive of piston,Piston cylinder secondary with compression departs from,Piston movement is to inside master cylinder,Now compression stroke is piston and master cylinder inside and the space of master cylinder bottom composition,The secondary cylinder of compression will not be working space with the space at the piston back side,But the secondary cylinder of compression before is during entering into master cylinder,Space between the secondary cylinder of compression and the piston back side is containing compressed media,After the secondary cylinder of piston and compression departs from,It is likely to compress under the pressure medium effect that secondary cylinder was originally compressed,Again from compression master cylinder out,So secondary cylinder cap of compression will interfere the motion of compression piston bar,Cause the damage of structure,So when the secondary cylinder of compression is not completely into time in master cylinder,The thick section of piston rod is through the hole on the secondary cylinder cap of compression,And just seal cooperation,When the secondary cylinder of compression is completely into time in master cylinder,Piston departs from secondary cylinder,The relatively secondary cylinder cap of piston moves down,Thick section follows piston downward,Thin segment instead of thick section through secondary cylinder head bore,Because there is gap in thin segment and hole,Now the gas of original compression is emerged,The medium preventing the secondary cylinder of compression to be compressed ejects from compression master cylinder.

Such as Figure 17, shown in 14, above-mentioned fixture block chute being provided with fixture block chute circular ring cover, fixture block chute circular ring cover is made up of annulus and fixture block chute cover plate, and fixture block chute cover plate coordinates with fixture block chute upper end notch.Fixture block slides in fixture block chute, in order to prevent fixture block from skidding off, installs cover plate at fixture block chute mouth and is used for blocking fixture block.

Such as Figure 15, shown in 21, above-mentioned master cylinder inwall upper surface is inclined-plane, on inclined-plane, any point reduces to the distance dimension linear radially inward of master cylinder bottom surface, the purpose of design on inclined-plane is: as shown in a in Figure 12, secondary cylinder is not the most completely in master cylinder, b represents the state of now kayser, piston is connected with secondary cylinder cap by kayser, as shown in the c in Figure 21, when secondary cylinder substantially completely enters in master cylinder, first the upper end on inclined-plane contacts with the blunt end of kayser, blunt end can be produced pressure, kayser will rotate around revolute pair, and then kayser tip is departed from the card end hook hole on piston, figure d is the state of now kayser.

As shown in figure 18, in above-mentioned compression piston thick bar, anti-collision spring is installed, and anti-collision spring one end is connected with compression piston end face, after piston has compressed, need during piston reset to drive the secondary cylinder of compression to restart to stretch out master cylinder groove, driving it may happen that piston and the collision of compression pair cylinder cap, the spring purpose of design is buffering.

Above-mentioned compression piston external cylindrical surface diameter is identical with the diameter of master cylinder inwall inner cylinder face, before piston departs from secondary cylinder cap, compression stroke is the space between the secondary cylinder of compression and master cylinder, piston does not play the effect of any compression, after piston departs from secondary cylinder, piston enters inside master cylinder, and the medium compressed before proceeds compression, now needs piston to seal with master cylinder and coordinates.

The more blunt one end band of above-mentioned kayser is magnetic, and when piston reset, drives secondary cylinder cap to move to the direction that medium stretch, but piston is the most locked with secondary cylinder cap, as the most locked, then next compression circulation, piston cannot drive secondary cylinder motion, so, the kayser blunt end of design is magnetic, so when kayser departs from inclined-plane, by the magnetic force to inclined-plane, kayser self rotates an angle around kayser revolute pair, and then by locked with secondary cylinder cap for piston.

As shown in figure 22, the present invention by being designed to compress the structure that secondary cylinder and compression master cylinder can be embedded by compression cylinder, under much compression space, the present invention can be significantly shorter the length of piston rod, serve compact space-saving beneficial aspects, as a, the b in Figure 22 show the compression process of traditional compression cylinder and pull bar, pull bar basic need is identical with compression cylinder length;Such as the c in Figure 22, d, shown in e, pull bar length of the present invention is the least, c represents that the secondary cylinder of compression initially enters in master cylinder, the secondary cylinder of compression, the compression stroke of the thick section of piston rod and master cylinder composition gradually reduces reduction, d substantially completely enters in master cylinder for the secondary cylinder of compression, piston forms compression stroke with master cylinder, the medium compressed before is continued compression, the piston back side, piston rod thin segment is non-workspace with the space of secondary cylinder composition, the original compressed media in space space before piston rod thin segment with secondary cylinder cap is flowed out, prevent from compressing secondary cylinder to be ejected by the pressure opposite direction of original compressed media, and then interfere with pull bar driving.

Such as Figure 23, shown in 25, above-mentioned fixed plate is arranged on bottom panel side, as shown in figure 24, generator is supported by generator and is arranged in fixed plate, hydraulic motor is arranged on generator end face by hydraulic motor pillar, hydraulic motor rotating shaft is connected with alternator shaft, such as Figure 25, shown in 26, first liquid compression unit and second liquid compression unit are supported by compression unit and are arranged on fixed plate both sides, head rod one end is connected with reciprocating rack, the other end is connected with the compression piston bar of first liquid compression unit, second connecting rod one end is connected with reciprocating rack, the other end is connected with the compression piston bar of second liquid compression unit, such as Figure 27, shown in 28, head rod and the second connecting rod have a certain degree;As shown in figure 24, hydraulic motor the first liquid in-out mouth and hydraulic motor the second liquid in-out mouth are arranged on hydraulic motor, as shown in figure 29, first liquid compression unit liquid in-out mouth is arranged on first liquid compression unit upper surface, second liquid compression unit liquid in-out mouth is arranged on second liquid compression unit upper surface, first liquid compression unit liquid in-out mouth is connected by conduit with hydraulic motor the first liquid in-out mouth, and second liquid compression unit liquid in-out mouth is connected by conduit with hydraulic motor the second liquid in-out mouth.

Two compression units, conduit and hydraulic motor composition fluid space are employed herein, when tooth bar moves back and forth, the compression stroke of two compression units only and is definite value, but the compression stroke for each compression unit changes with tooth bar motion, thus liquid can be played the purpose of a reciprocal driving, owing to liquid back and forth flows, the positive and negative alternately change of point that generator will be driven to send by hydraulic motor, so needing to connect positive and negative rectified current at generator, electric current is become direct current, it is simple to be stored in battery.

In sum, in the present invention, the transverse reciprocating that the vertical tremor of vehicle body is converted into reciprocating rack is moved by damping conversion of motion device, liquid is in the space of first, second liquid compression unit, conduit, hydraulic motor composition, tooth bar transverse reciprocating is moved through connecting rod and drives first liquid compression unit and second liquid compression unit compressed liquid each other, liquid is driven back and forth to flow in space, thus drive hydraulic motor to drive electrical power generators, damping capacity is reclaimed;The vertical tremor of vehicle body is converted into horizontal reciprocating movement by the transmission that present invention uses gear and tooth bar, multimode utilization for thump energy provides the foundation, additionally it is designed to compression cylinder compress secondary cylinder and compress the structure that master cylinder can be embedded, the length of piston rod can be significantly shorter, serve compact space-saving beneficial aspects, there is useful energy-saving effect.

Claims (9)

  1. null1. a shock-absorbing generation device based on liquid flowing,It is characterized in that: it includes compression piston bar、Damping spring、Base plate、Guide pillar、Top board、Guide pillar flute profile、Base、First gear、Second gear、3rd gear、Reciprocating rack、Guide pillar fixture block、Fixture block groove、Guide pillar groove、Gear grooved、Base rach slot、Base plate rach slot、First liquid compression unit、Second liquid compression unit、Generator、Fixed plate、Generator supports、Alternator shaft、Hydraulic motor pillar、Hydraulic motor the first liquid in-out mouth、Hydraulic motor the second liquid in-out mouth、Hydraulic motor、Second liquid compression unit liquid in-out mouth、Second liquid compression unit supports、Second connecting rod、Head rod、First liquid compression unit liquid in-out mouth,Wherein mounting of roof plate is in guide pillar one end,Guide pillar flute profile is multiple Cylinder Gears arranged side by side,Guide pillar flute profile is arranged on guide pillar face,Guide pillar fixture block is arranged on side, guide pillar bottom,The hollow cylinder of guide pillar groove is had centered by base,Guide pillar groove has fixture block groove,Guide pillar fixture block slides in fixture block groove,Guide pillar slides in guide pillar groove,Gear grooved is had on the external cylindrical surface that Its lower side is a section,Gear grooved extends to guide pillar groove from external cylindrical surface,And extend downwardly into base bottom face,Base bottom face has base rach slot,Base bottom upper bed-plate rach slot cell wall is coplanar with gear grooved cell wall,Base plate is arranged on base bottom,Base plate rach slot is had on base plate,Reciprocating rack is arranged on base plate rach slot、In the conduit of base rach slot and gear grooved composition,And can be slidably;First gear, the second gear and the 3rd gear are sequentially arranged in base gear groove up and down by gear shaft, and the first gear and the engagement of the second gear, second gear and the engagement of the 3rd gear, 3rd gear engages with reciprocating rack, guide pillar flute profile engages with the first gear and the 3rd gear and does not engages with the second gear, and the first gear and the 3rd gear size number of teeth are identical and be all higher than size and the number of teeth of the second gear;Damping spring one end is arranged on the downside of top board, and the other end is arranged on the upside of base plate, and is placed on the outside of guide pillar and base;
    nullAbove-mentioned first liquid compression unit and second liquid compression unit have identical structure,Wherein any one compression unit is included compressing secondary cylinder cap、The secondary cylinder of compression、Compression master cylinder、Fixture block splined hub、Compression master cylinder bottom、Compression piston、The secondary cylinder fixture block of compression、Master cylinder outer wall、Master cylinder inwall、Fixture block chute、Master cylinder bottom surface、Piston card lock、Kayser journal stirrup、Kayser、Card hook lock,Wherein compression piston bar one end is arranged on compression piston,The secondary cylinder of compression is hollow cylinder,The secondary cylinder cap of compression is arranged on the secondary cylinder one end of compression,Compression master cylinder is hollow cylinder,And at one end face has ring groove,Ring groove is by master cylinder outer wall、Master cylinder bottom surface and master cylinder inwall composition,Compress in secondary cylinder is arranged on ring groove and can slide,Fixture block splined hub is installed on master cylinder outer wall,Fixture block splined hub forms fixture block chute with master cylinder outer wall,Two secondary cylinder fixture blocks of compression are symmetrically mounted on the secondary cylinder bottom end periphery of compression,The secondary cylinder fixture block of compression slides in fixture block chute,Compression master cylinder bottom is arranged on compression master cylinder bottom end;Compression piston is arranged on the secondary cylinder of compression and compresses in the space that master cylinder forms, compression piston bar is through the compression middle circular hole of secondary cylinder cap, six piston card locks are uniformly arranged on the secondary cylinder bottom end margin of compression, each piston card lock is provided with kayser journal stirrup, kayser is arranged on kayser journal stirrup by revolute pair, uniformly having six card hook locks on compression piston external cylindrical surface, the sharper one end of kayser coordinates with the card hook lock of compression piston;
    Above-mentioned fixed plate is arranged on bottom panel side, generator is supported by generator and is arranged in fixed plate, hydraulic motor is arranged on generator end face by hydraulic motor pillar, hydraulic motor rotating shaft is connected with alternator shaft, first liquid compression unit and second liquid compression unit are supported by compression unit and are arranged on fixed plate both sides, head rod one end is connected with reciprocating rack, the other end is connected with the compression piston bar of first liquid compression unit, second connecting rod one end is connected with reciprocating rack, the other end is connected with the compression piston bar of second liquid compression unit, head rod and the second connecting rod have a certain degree;Hydraulic motor the first liquid in-out mouth and hydraulic motor the second liquid in-out mouth are arranged on hydraulic motor, first liquid compression unit liquid in-out mouth is arranged on first liquid compression unit upper surface, second liquid compression unit liquid in-out mouth is arranged on second liquid compression unit upper surface, first liquid compression unit liquid in-out mouth is connected by conduit with hydraulic motor the first liquid in-out mouth, and second liquid compression unit liquid in-out mouth is connected by conduit with hydraulic motor the second liquid in-out mouth.
  2. A kind of shock-absorbing generation device based on liquid flowing the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: above-mentioned mounting of roof plate is on the downside of vehicle body, and base plate is arranged on the upside of vehicle bridge.
  3. A kind of shock-absorbing generation device based on liquid flowing the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: above-mentioned base upper surface is provided with base cover plate.
  4. A kind of shock-absorbing generation device based on liquid flowing the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: above-mentioned compression piston bar includes that compression piston bar thin segment, the thick section of compression piston bar, section thick with compression piston bar one end, compression piston bar thin segment one end are connected.
  5. A kind of shock-absorbing generation device based on liquid flowing the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: fixture block chute circular ring cover is installed on above-mentioned fixture block chute, fixture block chute circular ring cover is made up of annulus and fixture block chute cover plate, and fixture block chute cover plate coordinates with fixture block chute upper end notch.
  6. The most according to claim 1 a kind of based on liquid flowing shock-absorbing generation device, it is characterised in that: above-mentioned master cylinder inwall upper surface is inclined-plane, on inclined-plane any point to master cylinder bottom surface distance radially inward dimension linear reduction.
  7. 7. according to a kind of based on liquid flowing the shock-absorbing generation device described in claim 1 or 4, it is characterised in that: in the above-mentioned thick section of compression piston bar, anti-collision spring is installed, and anti-collision spring one end is connected with compression piston end face.
  8. A kind of shock-absorbing generation device based on liquid flowing the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: above-mentioned compression piston external cylindrical surface diameter is identical with the diameter of master cylinder inwall inner cylinder face.
  9. A kind of shock-absorbing generation device based on liquid flowing the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the more blunt one end band of above-mentioned kayser is magnetic.
CN201510732905.2A 2015-11-03 2015-11-03 A kind of shock-absorbing generation device based on liquid flowing CN105240232B (en)

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CN107146864B (en) * 2017-05-10 2019-11-12 江苏理工学院 A kind of hybrid vehicle hydraulic shock-absorption intelligent battery box system
CN107906156A (en) * 2017-11-06 2018-04-13 东莞市松研智达工业设计有限公司 A kind of automobile energy storage damper
CN107906157A (en) * 2017-11-13 2018-04-13 东莞市松研智达工业设计有限公司 A kind of shock proof damper based on flight
CN107725665B (en) * 2017-11-16 2019-08-30 杨智萍 A kind of damping stored energy mechanism adjusted based on telescopic device
CN107906159B (en) * 2017-11-16 2019-06-11 东莞市松研智达工业设计有限公司 A kind of adaptation large impact power damping stored energy mechanism adjusted based on telescopic device
CN107606043B (en) * 2017-11-19 2018-08-28 扬州扬子金属减震配件有限公司 A kind of shock proof automobile energy storage damper of fourth gear
CN108006148A (en) * 2017-11-19 2018-05-08 东莞市松研智达工业设计有限公司 A kind of fourth gear resists the automobile energy storage damper of superpower impact

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