CN105240051B - A kind of fieldbus mine TT&C system - Google Patents

A kind of fieldbus mine TT&C system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105240051B
CN105240051B CN201510649843.9A CN201510649843A CN105240051B CN 105240051 B CN105240051 B CN 105240051B CN 201510649843 A CN201510649843 A CN 201510649843A CN 105240051 B CN105240051 B CN 105240051B
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China
Prior art keywords
monitoring
mine
substation
bus
personnel
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CN201510649843.9A
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CN105240051A (en
Inventor
赵涛
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Chengdu Jinzitianzheng Intelligent Control Co Ltd
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Chengdu Jinzitianzheng Intelligent Control Co Ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21FSAFETY DEVICES, TRANSPORT, FILLING-UP, RESCUE, VENTILATION, OR DRAINING IN OR OF MINES OR TUNNELS
    • E21F17/00Methods or devices for use in mines or tunnels, not covered elsewhere
    • E21F17/18Special adaptations of signalling or alarm devices
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21FSAFETY DEVICES, TRANSPORT, FILLING-UP, RESCUE, VENTILATION, OR DRAINING IN OR OF MINES OR TUNNELS
    • E21F11/00Rescue devices or other safety devices, e.g. safety chambers or escape ways

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of fieldbus mine TT&C system, including annular fiber Ethernet, multiple multimedia switchboards are accessed on annular fiber Ethernet;Interchanger connects distributed bus, Safety monitoring system is accessed on distributed bus, Mine Personnel Positioning System, emergency hedge system, compressed-air self-help system, water supply are sued and laboured system, underground communica tion contacted system and monitor terminal.The system is based on industrial field bus technology, and by a common mining communication cable, fast and low-cost realizes system interconnection and a variety of automated system applications, realizes the data fusion of the live level of multiple systems.Using full digital field apparatus, local sampling, coding transmission, have fault tolerant mechanism, strong antijamming capability.System architecture brief and practical, easy care, scalability are more stronger than legacy system.

Description

A kind of fieldbus mine TT&C system
Technical field
The present invention relates to mine safety control technology field, and in particular to a kind of fieldbus mine TT&C system.
Background technology
The production system of underground mine is divided into underground system and ground system two parts.Underground system centered on nugget, Including be made up of various roadways, heir room, pipeline, circuit and equipment mining conveying, lifting, ventilation, draining, filling, water supply, confession Electricity, the systems such as conveying of calming the anger, and shaft station, underground crush copper room, underground ore storage bin, underground explosives magazine etc..
In recent years, various accident of mine disaster take place frequently, and still have a considerable amount of miners therefore to lose life every year, and lack Necessary security protection is to cause the major reason of accident of mine disaster.Conscientiously to carry out《State Council is on further strengthening enterprise The notice of industry safety in production》(promulgated by the State Council (2010) 23) spirit, it is raw safely further to improve Underground metal & nonmetal mines Supportability is produced, national security supervision general bureau organizes to set up《Underground metal & nonmetal mines safe " six big systems " is pacified Dress uses and supervision and check temporary provisions》, it is desirable to underground mine enterprise installs and uses safe " six by this regulation requirement time limit Big system ", and strengthen daily management and maintenance, it is ensured that each system normal operation.
Currently domestic Mine Monitoring monitoring system structure is:Main website+substation+analog sensor structure, using analog sensed The problem of device is brought is that signal antijamming capability is low;Main website+substation structure causes communication efficiency low, poor real, and does not have It is fault-tolerant poor with malfunctioning node self-isolation function, network reliability;Set expandability is poor, maintenance cost is high;Independent substation node System is independent, easily causes information island phenomenon, influences the decision-making of command system.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of fieldbus mine TT&C system, by a common mining communication cable, Fast and low-cost realizes system interconnection and a variety of automated system applications, and the data for realizing the live level of multiple systems are melted Close.
To achieve the above object, one embodiment of the present of invention is adopted the technical scheme that:
Including annular fiber Ethernet, multiple multimedia switchboards are accessed on annular fiber Ethernet;Interchanger connection point Cloth bus, Safety monitoring system, Mine Personnel Positioning System, emergency hedge system, pressure wind are accessed on distributed bus Self-rescue system, supply water system, underground communica tion contacted system and the monitor terminal of suing and labouring.
Had the beneficial effect that caused by the fieldbus mine TT&C system of the present invention:
1. being based on industrial field bus technology, by a common mining communication cable, fast and low-cost realizes that system is mutual Connection and a variety of automated system applications, realize the data fusion of the live level of multiple systems.
2. using full digital field apparatus, local sampling, coding transmission, have fault tolerant mechanism, strong antijamming capability.
3. system architecture brief and practical, easy care, scalability are more stronger than legacy system.Multiple Application in mining can be merged System, including personnel positioning, monitoring, telephonic communication, broadcast intercommunication, video monitoring etc., and the data of each subsystem It can be fused to completely on unified platform.A new application is extended, utilizes existing device and bus, it is not necessary to cloth again Line, increase corresponding equipment in bus just.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 show a kind of structure chart of one embodiment of fieldbus mine TT&C system of the present invention.
Embodiment
To make the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with the specific embodiment of the invention and Technical solution of the present invention is clearly and completely described corresponding accompanying drawing.
Embodiment 1:With reference to figure 1, fieldbus mine TT&C system can include annular fiber Ethernet, annular fiber with Multiple multimedia switchboards are accessed very much on the net;Interchanger connects distributed bus, and Safety monitoring is accessed on distributed bus System, Mine Personnel Positioning System, emergency hedge system, compressed-air self-help system, water supply are sued and laboured system, underground communica tion contacted system And monitor terminal.
Distributed bus not only have it is more main concurrently with real-time it is high the characteristics of, also with fault-tolerant with malfunctioning node self-isolation Function, network reliability are higher.System architecture brief and practical, easy care, scalability are more stronger than legacy system.It can merge more Individual Application in mining system, including personnel positioning, monitoring, telephonic communication, broadcast intercommunication, video monitoring etc., and each son The data of system can be fused on unified platform completely.A new application is extended, using existing device and bus, no Rewiring is needed, increases corresponding equipment in bus just.
All field apparatus are all unibus interfaces, can mix mounting.
By the application of this distributed industrial fieldbus, a bus, monitoring, personnel positioning, wireless right Say, wireless sensing network all includes the unified scope of whole system including automatic control system etc..
Each net control device has the function of leading concurrent, reciprocity high rate communication more in system, and it is dangerous that underground can be achieved Region strange land fast-response control, the transmission of heterogeneous system data and shared.
Multimedia switchboard designs plus new distributed bus, can not only merge multiple Application in mining systems, and And number of devices and number of cables greatly reduce, construction cost is low, and operation and maintenance cost are also low.
Embodiment 2:Safety monitoring system in embodiment 1 includes multiple surrounding airs on access distributed bus Sensor is monitored, ambient air monitoring sensor can include air velocity transducer, methane transducer, on-off transducer and negative pressure and pass Sensor, air velocity transducer, methane transducer, on-off transducer and B/P EGR Back Pressure Transducer EGR are digital transducer.This can be realized Ground samples, coding transmission, has fault tolerant mechanism, strong antijamming capability.
Embodiment 3:Personnel location system in embodiment 1 can include the telephone system on access distributed bus System, video monitoring, broadcast intercommunication terminal and radio network gateway.
Embodiment 4:Compressed-air self-help system in embodiment 1 can include multiple pressure fans prison on access distributed bus Control, the main fan monitoring of pressure fan monitoring connection.
Embodiment 5:The Underground Substation that the water supply system of suing and labouring in embodiment 1 can be included on access distributed bus is comprehensive Insurance system, vavuum pump, valve and water pump.
Embodiment 6:Monitor terminal in embodiment 1 is provided with monitoring software, is respectively passed for the current underground of display monitoring Sensor state, and carry out sound and light alarm when communication abnormality or numerical value transfinite.There can also be the functions such as inquiry and report printing.
Monitoring software uses three tier architecture.Data collection and analysis, storage, using represent three parts it is both relative Independent is again to organically blend.So that the change of whole system part does not influence the overall situation, make the installation of system, issue, use, liter Level becomes relatively easy and easy.The exploitation of system follows general international and national professional standard, and data storage uses standard Structure, be not in information island so as to be very easy to the integrated of third party system.
Monitoring software includes data collection and analysis service routine and client-side program.Data collection and analysis service routine It is the program of a continuous service between system hardware and upper layer software (applications), it is constantly communicated with substation, is obtained each Substation, substation, the multidate information of card, carry out calculating processing, and store corresponding real time data.Data collection and analysis service is same When be also a Socket service device, it allows multiple main website programs to be concurrently connected into, and the current whole system of real time access is such as The information such as total number of persons, personnel in the pit's list.Front end processor monitors various possible anomalous variations when handling real time data (such as underground employee sum transfinites, communication abnormality), when detecting abnormal, can be stored into database automatically, be connected into each Main website send in real time warning or message informing.
Client-side program completes all inquiries, statistics, analytic function.Client is attached with front end processor and data, Mandate access can be carried out on any machine machine in a local network.
Personnel positioning management system need to by mine flameproof and intrinsic safety type D.C. regulated power supply, bus gateway, mining Peace type Card Reader substation, tag card, database server and monitoring station composition.
Each personnel in the pit and important equipment wear a tag card, mining every a certain distance installation in underground Intrinsic safety type Card Reader substation.When tag card is entered in the range of Card Reader substation network, it will send the radiofrequency signal of representative capacity feature, After Card Reader substation receives radiofrequency signal, the signal is transmitted to bus gateway, is then transmitted to database server, server The data received are analyzed and processed, and corresponding information state is saved in server, and then system user energy Monitor the position where personnel in the pit and equipment, the work to personnel activity track, Card Reader substation in real time in monitoring station The real-time reproduction of state and working region abnormal alarm etc., and the operations such as corresponding inquiry, statistics, printout are provided.
Personnel positioning management system is provided with mine personnel management system software, including data collection and analysis service routine and visitor Family end program part, data collection and analysis service routine are referred to as front end processor program, and front end processor program part ceaselessly drives communication Port and hardware carry out communication response, and after software sends polling requirement to hardware communication equipment, hardware device will be ready Data are sent to corresponding PORT COM, and software is acquired analysis, after confirmation is errorless, logical process corresponding to progress, then It is stored in database.When finding that communication data is wrong, carry out wrong responses mechanism and require to retransmit last data.And by it certainly The dynamic well that analyzes enters well, calculates work attendance, counts the running status of communication apparatus.
Client-side program completes all inquiries, statistics, analytic function.Client is attached with front end processor and data, Mandate access can be carried out on any machine machine in a local network.
Above-mentioned embodiment is used for illustrating the present invention, rather than limits the invention, in the spirit of the present invention In scope of the claims, to any modifications and changes of the invention made, protection scope of the present invention is both fallen within.

Claims (5)

  1. A kind of 1. fieldbus mine TT&C system, it is characterised in that:Including annular fiber Ethernet, the annular fiber ether Multiple multimedia switchboards are accessed on the net;The interchanger connects distributed bus, and access safety is supervised on the distributed bus Survey monitoring system, Mine Personnel Positioning System, emergency hedge system, compressed-air self-help system, water supply are sued and laboured system, underground communica tion connection Network system and monitor terminal;Personnel location system need to be by mine flameproof and intrinsic safety type D.C. regulated power supply, bus gateway, ore deposit Formed with intrinsic safety type Card Reader substation, tag card, database server and monitoring station;Each personnel in the pit and important equipment A tag card is all worn, in underground every a certain distance installation Mine-used I. S Card Reader substation;Tag card enters Card Reader When standing in network range, it will send the radiofrequency signal of representative capacity feature, after Card Reader substation receives radiofrequency signal, by this Signal is transmitted to bus gateway, is then transmitted to database server, and server analyzes and processes to the data received, and Corresponding information state is saved in server, so system user can be monitored in real time in monitoring station personnel in the pit and Position where equipment, to personnel activity track, the real-time reproduction of the working condition of Card Reader substation, working region abnormal alarm, And provide corresponding inquiry, statistics, printout operation;
    The monitor terminal is provided with monitoring software, the monitoring software include data collection and analysis service routine and Client-side program, the data collection and analysis service routine are a continuous services between system hardware and upper layer software (applications) Program, constantly communicated with substation, obtain the multidate information of each substation, substation, card, carry out calculating processing, and store Corresponding real time data;The data collection and analysis service is also a Socket service device simultaneously, and it allows multiple main website journeys Sequence is concurrently connected into, the total number of persons of the current whole system of real time access and personnel in the pit's list information;Front end processor is real-time in processing During data, while employee's sum transfinites and communication abnormality under monitoring well, when detecting abnormal, can be stored into database automatically, Send warning or message informing in real time to each main website being connected into.
  2. 2. system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is distributed total that the Safety monitoring system includes access Multiple ambient air monitoring sensors on line, the ambient air monitoring sensor is digital transducer.
  3. 3. system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The personnel location system is included on access distributed bus Cable telephony system, video monitoring, broadcast intercommunication terminal and radio network gateway.
  4. 4. system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The compressed-air self-help system is included on access distributed bus The monitoring of multiple pressure fans, pressure fan monitoring connection main fan monitoring.
  5. 5. system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The water supply sues and labours system including on access distributed bus The comprehensive insurance system of Underground Substation, vavuum pump, valve and water pump.
CN201510649843.9A 2015-10-10 2015-10-10 A kind of fieldbus mine TT&C system Active CN105240051B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510649843.9A CN105240051B (en) 2015-10-10 2015-10-10 A kind of fieldbus mine TT&C system

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CN105240051B true CN105240051B (en) 2018-03-23

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Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP3223221A1 (en) 2016-03-22 2017-09-27 Hexagon Technology Center GmbH Construction management
CN105898860A (en) * 2016-03-31 2016-08-24 成都理工大学 Downhole person location rescue system
CN105785896A (en) * 2016-04-01 2016-07-20 成都保来科技有限公司 Mine safety monitoring and controlling system
CN105827341A (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-08-03 黑龙江真美广播通讯器材有限公司 Mine communication broadcasting system
CN106437829A (en) * 2016-11-10 2017-02-22 成都金自天正智能控制有限公司 Iron ore safety risk avoiding system
CN109057865A (en) * 2018-10-29 2018-12-21 成都金自天正智能控制有限公司 A kind of coal mine downhole safety monitoring system

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7511625B2 (en) * 2006-06-14 2009-03-31 Technology Patents, Llc Mine safety system
CN202117714U (en) * 2011-07-06 2012-01-18 北京博雅英杰科技股份有限公司 Safe production and information management system using internet of things for non-coal mine
CN103726878A (en) * 2013-12-03 2014-04-16 山东金阳矿业集团有限公司 Coal-mining industry Ethernet ring network device
CN205117406U (en) * 2015-10-10 2016-03-30 成都金自天正智能控制有限公司 Field bus mine system of observing and controling

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