CN105233923A - Impact crusher - Google Patents

Impact crusher Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105233923A
CN105233923A CN201510815852.0A CN201510815852A CN105233923A CN 105233923 A CN105233923 A CN 105233923A CN 201510815852 A CN201510815852 A CN 201510815852A CN 105233923 A CN105233923 A CN 105233923A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
impact
adjusting
spider
impact rack
jointed shaft
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Granted
Application number
CN201510815852.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105233923B (en
Inventor
赵大力
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Henan Liming Heavy Industry Technology Co Ltd
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Henan Liming Heavy Industry Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510815852.0A priority Critical patent/CN105233923B/en
Publication of CN105233923A publication Critical patent/CN105233923A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105233923B publication Critical patent/CN105233923B/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to mine crushing equipment, in particular to an impact crusher convenient for maintenance. The impact crusher comprises an upper frame, a lower frame, an impact frame, an adjusting device and a fixing device, wherein the impact frame is provided with a front hinge shaft and a back hinge shaft; the front hinge shaft is connected with the upper frame; the back hinge shaft is connected with the adjusting device; the fixing device is arranged on the adjusting device; a lifting port is formed in the upper frame, and is wider than the impact frame; and the length of the lifting port is larger than the distance between the front hinge shaft and the back hinge shaft on the impact frame, so that the impact frame can be taken out from the frame. The impact crusher adopts a mode of lifting out the impact frame from the frame through opening an observation door, is convenient and fast, and has the advantages of reduction of maintenance time, reduction of maintenance difficulty and improvement of production efficiency.

Description

Impact breaker
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of mine disintegrating apparatus, particularly relate to a kind of impact breaker being convenient to safeguard, inner impact rack can take out.
Background technology
Impact breaker is as the disintegrating machine utilizing impact principle broken material, and have structure simple, the features such as reliability is high, applied widely, are widely used in the industries such as mine, chemical industry, building, railway.But along with birth and the fast development of various Novel crushing equipment; impact breaker product is faced with larger competitive pressure; people are while pursuit impact breaker production capacity benefit; more focus on its quick and easy in later maintenance; make every effort to, by reducing maintenance difficulties, reducing the comprehensive effectiveness of the means improving product such as equipment downtime, impaired zero spare part of quick-replaceable, improve the market competitiveness.
Backstroke frame of backstroke crusher is provided with wearing piece, and during work, impact wear situation is very serious, needs often to change.Conventional replacing options needs to open upper machine body, impact rack entirety is taken out, because impact rack volume is large, weight is large, dismantle very difficult, and often open frame and can cause damage to complete machine, be unfavorable for the service life of complete machine, in addition, there are two pin joint is installed between impact rack and upper machine body, two are installed pin joint is all that the major axis structure adopted realizes being hinged through ears structure, this anatomical connectivity is firm, but be unfavorable for dismounting, add overturning of machine frame limited angle, cause this method workload large, lay day is long, reduce the utilization rate of equipment.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to solve the deficiencies in the prior art and provide one to be easy to operation, can take out fast and change the impact breaker of impact rack.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
A kind of impact breaker, comprise lower bearing bracket and be arranged on the upper spider on lower bearing bracket, the inside top of upper spider is provided with impact rack, impact rack is provided with hanger, the top of upper spider is also provided with adjusting device, adjusting device runs through the top of upper spider, impact rack is also provided with front jointed shaft and rear jointed shaft, rear jointed shaft is arranged in adjusting device, front jointed shaft is arranged on upper spider, upper spider above impact rack is also provided with observation door, the below of described observation door is provided with lifting mouth, observing door closure is combined on lifting mouth, the width of lifting mouth is greater than the width of impact rack, described adjusting device is provided with hinged groove matching used with rear jointed shaft, axial vertical upwards and with adjusting device of the opening direction of hinged groove, hinged groove is provided with hinged groove with the use of cover plate, cover plate covers on the opening of hinged groove.
Described upper spider is provided with impact rack before the matching used L shape of jointed shaft link up with, the medial surface of L shape hook is arcwall face, L shape hook is also provided with briquetting, the medial surface of briquetting is arc, briquetting to cover on L shape hook and links up with to match with L shape and form circular card gripping members, and the front jointed shaft of impact rack is arranged in this Fastener.
Described adjusting device is also provided with fixture, and one end of fixture is movably connected in adjusting device, and the other end of fixture is connected on upper spider.
The length of described lifting mouth is greater than the distance that impact rack is gone forward between jointed shaft and rear jointed shaft.
Described lifting mouth is 2 or 3, correspondingly on lifting mouth is provided with observation door, correspondingly on the upper spider of lifting mouth inside is provided with impact rack, the upper spider of corresponding impact rack is provided with corresponding adjusting device and L shape hook.
Described cover plate is arc bent plate, with hinged groove with the use of.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: be lifting mouth below observation door, convenient timely inspection and maintenance, and the width of lifting mouth is greater than the width of impact rack, and impact rack is conveniently taken out from machine frame inside; Upper spider is arranged L shape hook and briquetting, such combining structure makes to be easy for installation and removal between impact rack and upper spider; Adjusting device is provided with hinged groove matching used with the jointed shaft of impact rack, hinged groove there is supporting arc bent plate, be easy for installation and removal impact rack, adjusting device is also provided with fixture, fixture is used for the vibration amplitude of oscillation of buffer regulating device, thus make impact rack due to the excessive and crushing adjusting device of weight, can not ensure that impact rack can take out from upper spider inside smoothly when being rotated to be opened, also can ensure that impact rack original position can be installed and go back; The present invention adopts the lifting mouth being greater than impact rack width, by the mode that impact rack group lifts out in body, convenient and swift, has and greatly reduces maintenance time, reduces maintenance difficulties, the advantage of enhancing productivity.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is internal structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of impact rack of the present invention dismounting upset.
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram that the present invention lifts impact rack.
Fig. 4 is the syndeton close-up schematic view of impact rack of the present invention and upper spider.
Fig. 5 is the mounting structure close-up schematic view of the first impact rack of the present invention and the first adjusting device.
Fig. 6 is the mounting structure close-up schematic view of the second impact rack of the present invention and the second adjusting device.
In figure: 1, lower bearing bracket; 2, upper spider; 3, the first impact rack; 4, the second impact rack; 5, the first adjusting device; 6, the second adjusting device; 7, first door is observed; 8, second door is observed; 9, the first fixture; 10, the second fixture; 11, hinged groove; 12, arc bent plate; 13, briquetting; 14, the first lifting mouth; 15, the second lifting mouth.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Figures 1 to 6, a kind of impact breaker, the upper spider 2 comprising lower bearing bracket 1 and be arranged on lower bearing bracket 1, the inside top of upper spider 2 is provided with impact rack, impact rack is provided with hanger, front jointed shaft and rear jointed shaft are also installed, upper spider 2 above impact rack leaves lifting mouth, the width of lifting mouth is greater than the width of impact rack, the length of lifting mouth is greater than the distance that impact rack goes forward between jointed shaft and rear jointed shaft, impact rack can be taken out in lifting mouth, lifting mouth is also provided with observation door, to observe on top that door hinge is connected on upper spider 2 and to cover on lifting mouth, keep the sealing of upper spider, do not have material therefrom to dish out, the top of described upper spider 2 is also connected with adjusting device, the top of what adjusting device ran through be arranged on upper spider 2, the rear jointed shaft of impact rack is connected to the end of adjusting device, the end of adjusting device is provided with hinged groove 11 matching used with the rear jointed shaft of impact rack, hinged groove 11 is provided with dismountable cover plate, cover plate and arc bent plate 12 are with the use of the end making the rear jointed shaft of impact rack be fixed on adjusting device, the end of adjusting device is also provided with fixture, one end of fixture is connected to the end of adjusting device, the other end of fixture is connected on upper spider 2, this place's upper spider is connected with the mounting ear being connected and fixed device, the other end of fixture is arranged in mounting ear, the upper spider 2 of the front jointed shaft of corresponding impact rack is connected with L shape hook, L shape hook is connected with supporting dismountable briquetting 13, briquetting 13 covers on L shape hook, the medial surface of briquetting 13 and L shape hook is arc, briquetting 13 and L shape hook are fixed on upper spider 2 with the use of jointed shaft before making impact rack.
Further, described impact rack is 2, comprise the first impact rack 3 and the second impact rack 4, first impact rack 3 and the second impact rack 4 are arranged in order installation from top to bottom in the inside top of upper spider 2, the first lifting mouth 14 is left at upper spider top above first impact rack 3, the width of the first lifting mouth 14 is greater than the width of the first impact rack 3, first lifting mouth 14 is covered with the first observation door 7, upper spider above second impact rack 4 leaves the second lifting mouth 15, the width of the second lifting mouth 15 is greater than the width of the second impact rack 4, second lifting mouth 15 is covered with the second observation door 8, the front jointed shaft of the first impact rack 3 and the second impact rack 4 is installed in the L shape hook of upper spider 2, adjusting device comprises the first adjusting device 5 and the second adjusting device 6, and the position of the first adjusting device 5 and the second adjusting device 6 corresponding first impact rack 3 of difference and the second impact rack 4 is installed, first adjusting device 5 and the second adjusting device 6 are equipped with hinged groove 11 and arc bent plate 12, the rear jointed shaft of the first impact rack 3 is arranged in the hinged groove of the first adjusting device 5, the rear jointed shaft of the second impact rack 4 is arranged in the hinged groove of the second adjusting device 6, first adjusting device 5 is provided with the first fixture 9, second adjusting device 6 is provided with the second fixture 10,
During concrete enforcement, as shown in Figure 2, when dismounting or replacing impact rack, first, open the first observation door and second respectively and observe door, because the width lifting by crane mouth is greater than the width of impact rack, length is greater than the distance that impact rack is gone forward between jointed shaft and rear jointed shaft, unclamp the first impact rack, briquetting between second impact rack and upper spider, use outside boom hoisting and catch on the first impact rack, after the hanger at the second impact rack back, the first impact rack and the second impact rack can be made very easily respectively around the first adjusting device, upper spider can not be encountered to inner rotary in second adjusting device hinged place, in lifting process, due to the weight of impact rack, first adjusting device and the second adjusting device can produce vibration by a small margin, impact rack can oppress adjusting device, and the first fixture that the first adjusting device and the second adjusting device are arranged and the second fixture just serve the effect of buffering amplitude, also serve the effect of sharing impact rack weight simultaneously, make adjusting device can not be damaged, then, unclamp the arc bent plate in the first adjusting device and the second adjusting device again, the first impact rack and the second impact rack is made to depart from the first adjusting device and the second adjusting device respectively, thus the first impact rack and the second impact rack are lifted by crane away, be put into correct position to keep in repair or change impaired parts.
The method of traditional maintenance impact breaker is by upper lower bearing bracket separately, or separates at an angle by upper spider and lower bearing bracket, waste time and energy so on the one hand, and separately angle is very little, needs people to enter maintenance in body, so very dangerous; Impact rack entirety directly can be hung out impact crushing cavity by the present invention, service worker is when considering narrow space, find the unfavorable factors such as auxiliary equipment, very fast, counterpunch board and other consumable accessorys is changed easily, reduce maintenance time, reduce maintenance difficulties, enhance productivity.

Claims (6)

1. an impact breaker, comprise lower bearing bracket and be arranged on the upper spider on lower bearing bracket, the inside top of upper spider is provided with impact rack, impact rack is provided with hanger, the top of upper spider is also provided with adjusting device, adjusting device runs through the top of upper spider, impact rack is also provided with front jointed shaft and rear jointed shaft, rear jointed shaft is arranged in adjusting device, front jointed shaft is arranged on upper spider, upper spider above impact rack is also provided with observation door, it is characterized in that: the below of described observation door is provided with lifting mouth, observing door closure is combined on lifting mouth, the width of lifting mouth is greater than the width of impact rack, described adjusting device is provided with hinged groove matching used with rear jointed shaft, axial vertical upwards and with adjusting device of the opening direction of hinged groove, hinged groove is provided with hinged groove with the use of cover plate, cover plate covers on the opening of hinged groove.
2. impact breaker according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described upper spider is provided with impact rack before the matching used L shape of jointed shaft link up with, the medial surface of L shape hook is arcwall face, L shape hook is also provided with briquetting, the medial surface of briquetting is arc, briquetting to cover on L shape hook and links up with to match with L shape and form circular card gripping members, and the front jointed shaft of impact rack is arranged in this Fastener.
3. impact breaker according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described adjusting device is also provided with fixture, and one end of fixture is movably connected in adjusting device, and the other end of fixture is connected on upper spider.
4. impact breaker according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the length of described lifting mouth is greater than the distance that impact rack is gone forward between jointed shaft and rear jointed shaft.
5. impact breaker according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described lifting mouth is 2, on lifting mouth, correspondence is provided with observation door, correspondingly on the upper spider of lifting mouth inside be provided with impact rack, the upper spider of corresponding impact rack be provided with corresponding adjusting device and L shape hook.
6. impact breaker according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described cover plate is arc bent plate, with hinged groove with the use of.
CN201510815852.0A 2015-11-23 2015-11-23 Impact breaker Active CN105233923B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510815852.0A CN105233923B (en) 2015-11-23 2015-11-23 Impact breaker

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510815852.0A CN105233923B (en) 2015-11-23 2015-11-23 Impact breaker

Publications (2)

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CN105233923A true CN105233923A (en) 2016-01-13
CN105233923B CN105233923B (en) 2017-07-07

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110773276A (en) * 2019-11-07 2020-02-11 河南黎明重工科技股份有限公司 Modular impact crusher
CN111346708A (en) * 2020-03-14 2020-06-30 陈建伟 Mine breaker with dust removal mechanism
CN111396890A (en) * 2020-03-18 2020-07-10 贵州工程应用技术学院 Waste incineration pretreatment device

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH1176846A (en) * 1997-09-12 1999-03-23 Kobe Steel Ltd Crusher and crushing method having oscillating impact plate
CN201064725Y (en) * 2007-07-10 2008-05-28 韶关市韶瑞重工有限公司 Safe type backstroke crusher
KR100964347B1 (en) * 2009-02-04 2010-06-17 (주)대명크라샤 Shock absorber of impact crusher
CN201832687U (en) * 2010-02-25 2011-05-18 上海世邦机器有限公司 Impact frame adjusting device of impact crusher
CN201855720U (en) * 2010-08-13 2011-06-08 王飞 Discharging-opening impact rack assembly of impact crusher
CN102380442A (en) * 2010-09-04 2012-03-21 湖北枝江峡江矿山机械有限责任公司 Impact crusher
CN203494574U (en) * 2013-09-12 2014-03-26 易普泰克机械设备(上海)有限公司 Impact crusher
CN205128066U (en) * 2015-11-23 2016-04-06 河南黎明重工科技股份有限公司 Baffle crusher

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH1176846A (en) * 1997-09-12 1999-03-23 Kobe Steel Ltd Crusher and crushing method having oscillating impact plate
CN201064725Y (en) * 2007-07-10 2008-05-28 韶关市韶瑞重工有限公司 Safe type backstroke crusher
KR100964347B1 (en) * 2009-02-04 2010-06-17 (주)대명크라샤 Shock absorber of impact crusher
CN201832687U (en) * 2010-02-25 2011-05-18 上海世邦机器有限公司 Impact frame adjusting device of impact crusher
CN201855720U (en) * 2010-08-13 2011-06-08 王飞 Discharging-opening impact rack assembly of impact crusher
CN102380442A (en) * 2010-09-04 2012-03-21 湖北枝江峡江矿山机械有限责任公司 Impact crusher
CN203494574U (en) * 2013-09-12 2014-03-26 易普泰克机械设备(上海)有限公司 Impact crusher
CN205128066U (en) * 2015-11-23 2016-04-06 河南黎明重工科技股份有限公司 Baffle crusher

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110773276A (en) * 2019-11-07 2020-02-11 河南黎明重工科技股份有限公司 Modular impact crusher
CN111346708A (en) * 2020-03-14 2020-06-30 陈建伟 Mine breaker with dust removal mechanism
CN111396890A (en) * 2020-03-18 2020-07-10 贵州工程应用技术学院 Waste incineration pretreatment device

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