CN105178433B - Precast concrete shear wall structure and its construction method - Google Patents

Precast concrete shear wall structure and its construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105178433B
CN105178433B CN201510508472.2A CN201510508472A CN105178433B CN 105178433 B CN105178433 B CN 105178433B CN 201510508472 A CN201510508472 A CN 201510508472A CN 105178433 B CN105178433 B CN 105178433B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
precast
prefabricated
floor
column
bolt
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CN201510508472.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105178433A (en
Inventor
王小平
周华林
陆波
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北京建工华创科技发展股份有限公司
武汉理工大学
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Priority to CN201510508472.2A priority Critical patent/CN105178433B/en
Publication of CN105178433A publication Critical patent/CN105178433A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105178433B publication Critical patent/CN105178433B/en

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Abstract

A kind of precast concrete shear wall structure and its construction method, the overall shear wall structure that shear wall includes floor, wall and column are assembled by connector by precast concrete;The main composition of precast concrete is light reinforced concrete;Wall body structure is the wall prefabricated board provided with two sides, by wall connecting block by bolt connection between the wall prefabricated board of two sides;Column is precast hollow connecting pole, the joint face of column and wall is fixed with the wall connecting block of evagination, column is arranged at each corner of wall, and between previous column 2m~5m stalk, be fastenedly connected between the wall and floor of top layer and by the precast beam of embedded wall between the wall and floor of interlayer by bolt/screw.The present invention realizes complete prefabricated, the full-dry method construction of wall, and building construction simple and convenient assembly, it is quick, significantly reduce construction cost.

Description

Precast concrete shear wall structure and its construction method
Technical field
The present invention relates to building construction technology, specifically a kind of precast concrete shear wall structure and construction method.
Background technology
With the development of building construction technology, the construction requirements to building construction are to save the construction time just at present Equal to the fund of saving, therefore speed of application is fast, easy to assembly, the simple and direct outstanding request become at present to building construction.
The content of the invention
The technical problems to be solved by the invention be solve the above problems there is provided a kind of precast concrete shear wall structure and Construction method so that speed of application is fast, easy to assembly, simple and direct and low cost.
The precast concrete shear wall structure, it is characterised in that:Overall shear wall knot including floor, wall and column Structure is assembled by connector by precast concrete;
The wall two sides are provided with wall prefabricated board, in wall prefabricated board within four side edge 200mm and wall The medium position of body prefabricated board is equipped with tie point, and the tie point position being embedded between the wall prefabricated board of both sides connects provided with wall Block is connect, wall prefabricated board and described wall connecting block is fastenedly connected by bolt/screw;
The column is precast hollow connecting pole, and column cross-section is square, and column center is vertically provided with connecting pole through hole, The column side being connected with wall is fixed with the wall connecting block of evagination, and the column side being connected with wall is additionally provided with and is connected The intercommunicating pore of post through hole insertion;
The column is arranged at each corner of wall, and between the stalk of two sections of 2m~5m length, column and wall The wall connecting block for connecting side by column is embedded in wall and is fastenedly connected by bolt/screw, the top of the wall prefabricated board of bottom End and the two ends of remainder layer wall prefabricated board are fastenedly connected by the precast beam of embedded wall by bolt/screw, the wall of bottom The bottom of prefabricated board is fastenedly connected by the T-shaped prefabricated component of embedded wall by bolt/screw.
For interior wall wall, at the tie point of wall prefabricated board, wall is embedded with close to wall prefabricated board medial surface Body built-in fitting, the wall body built-in fitting includes battenboard sleeve and the reinforcement steel plate at battenboard sleeve two ends, the sandwich sleeve-board Cylinder is smooth cylindric of inner surface, and the wall prefabricated board on the outside of the battenboard sleeve is provided with bolt/screw groove.
For outer wall body, at the tie point of wall prefabricated board, wall is embedded with close to wall prefabricated board medial surface Body built-in fitting, the wall body built-in fitting includes battenboard sleeve and the reinforcement steel plate at battenboard sleeve two ends, the sandwich sleeve-board Cylinder sets threaded cylindric for inner surface, and the outline on the outside of the battenboard sleeve to the wall prefabricated board is mixed for reinforcing bar Solidifying soil.
A kind of prioritization scheme is that the floor includes precast slab and part is embedded in the precast slab U-shaped/shape for hat girder steel, the lower wing plate and part web of the U-shaped/shape for hat girder steel protrude from the bottom of precast slab, many Individual U-shaped/hat shape steel the beam is arranged in parallel;
Be welded with support member on the upper flange of the U-shaped/shape for hat girder steel, the support member be steel mesh, steel wire, steel plate or Shaped steel;
The bottom surface of the precast slab both sides is embedded with the pre-buried floor sleeve of bottom surface opening, the floor of same layer it Between spliced by the connector of floor slab bottoms with screw/bolt;The both ends of the precast slab are embedded in provided with part The pre-buried connection sheet of precast concrete intralamellar part.
The scheme being connected for wall with basis, the cross section of the T-shaped prefabricated component is T-shaped, and the centre of T-shaped prefabricated component is dashed forward Go out portion to be embedded between the wall prefabricated board of wall both sides, it is with bolt/screw that central projection is prefabricated with wall in tie point Plate is fastenedly connected, and the basic connecting portion of T-shaped prefabricated component both sides is passed through by foundation built-in bolt and adjusts T-shaped prefabricated by adjusting nut The level and height of part.
The scheme being connected for column with basis, is fixedly connected, institute between the column of bottom and basis by prefabricated column base Column connecting portion of the top provided with the embedded connecting pole through hole of prefabricated column base is stated, it is solid by bolt/screw on the outside of column Surely column connecting portion is connected, the basic connecting portion of prefabricated column base bottom is in precast hollow connecting pole Outboard Sections by basic pre-buried spiral shell Bolt is passed through, and adjusts by adjusting nut the level and height of prefabricated column base;
Connected, stood with the column connecting piece being embedded in connecting pole through hole between lower floor and the precast hollow connecting pole on upper strata It is fixedly connected between post connector and precast hollow connecting pole by bolt/screw.
It is recessed in the middle part of the structure of interlayer, the cross section of the precast beam of the following floor of top layer, the precast beam of top layer it is upper Portion is recessed, and floor is fixedly connected by the pre-buried connection sheet of end with the precast beam of recessed portion with bolt/screw;
The upper and lower surface in alignment of floor of the following floor of top layer is provided with wall prefabricated board, and the upper and lower side of bolt-through floor is recessed Enter wall prefabricated board of the precast beam of part respectively with upper and lower layer to be connected;
On top floor wall prefabricated board placed below, the precast beam and wall of recessed portion on the downside of bolt-through floor Prefabricated board is connected.
A kind of construction method of precast concrete shear wall as described above, it is characterised in that:Enter in order including following Capable construction procedure:
The first step, the embedded foundation bolt on the basic plane of setting column and wall position, are worn by foundation built-in bolt Cross and prefabricated column base is installed, and the level of the prefabricated column base and the height of setting are adjusted by adjusting nut;In setting wall position By foundation built-in bolt through the T-shaped prefabricated component of installation on the basic plane put, and the T-shaped prefabricated component is adjusted by adjusting nut Level and setting height;
Second step, selection precast hollow connecting pole, make precast hollow connecting pole only be provided with wall in the side in face of wall Contiguous block, the column connecting portion insertion precast hollow of prefabricated column base connects the connecting pole through hole of column bottom, and passes through bolt/screw Fixed precast hollow connecting pole and column connecting portion;
3rd step, hoisting prefabricated beam, and precast beam is positioned between two precast hollow connecting poles, precast hollow connected On the column connecting piece of column top, and fixed with column connecting piece;
4th step, installing bottom layer outer wall body, the wall prefabricated board chosen without bolt/screw groove are used as outer wall body Lateral surface, the wall prefabricated boards of strap bolt/screw slots as outer wall body medial surface;
By the wall prefabricated board of the lateral surface of outer wall body side by side by located between T-shaped prefabricated component and precast beam, in the wall Inserts, pipeline are installed by planning on the inside of body prefabricated board, the inner side wall of assembled outer wall body is prefabricated in the inner side of outer wall body Plate, and it is pre- through the wall that column connecting piece, wall connecting block, T-shaped prefabricated component and precast beam are fixed on outside with connecting bolt By the wall connecting block across two neighboring walls prefabricated boards with spiral shell at making sheet, the tie point between adjacent wall prefabricated board Bolt/mode connects for screw, constitutes the outer wall body of bottom;
5th step, installing bottom layer interior wall wall, the wall prefabricated board for choosing strap bolt/screw slots are used as the side of wall; By the wall prefabricated board of the lateral surface of interior wall wall side by side by located between T-shaped prefabricated component and precast beam, in the wall prefabricated board Inner side, which is pressed, plans installation inserts, pipeline, the inner side wall prefabricated board of assembled interior wall wall, and with bolt/screw connecting wall Prefabricated board and column connecting piece, wall connecting block, T-shaped prefabricated component and precast beam, the connection between adjacent wall prefabricated board Connected at point by the wall connecting block across two neighboring walls prefabricated boards with bolt/screw, constitute the interior wall wall of bottom;
6th step, the top lifting placement floor in wall prefabricated board, the pre-buried connection sheet of floor end are vertically arranged, will Pre-buried connection sheet is fixed with precast beam with bolt/screw;
7th step, in intermediate layer or top layer, at the top of the precast hollow connecting pole of column connecting piece partial insertion lower floor, and Fixed with the precast hollow connecting pole of lower floor by bolt/screw, in the hoisting prefabricated hollow connecting pole in upper strata, make the prefabricated of upper strata Hollow connecting pole is inserted in the column connecting piece and is fixedly connected;
The hoisting prefabricated beam between two precast hollow connecting poles, and fixed with column connecting piece;
Interior wall directly lifts wall prefabricated board after first exterior wall, loads inserts and pipeline, makes the pre- of wall prefabricated board bottom The wall prefabricated board of beam processed insertion wall both sides, and by bolt/screw the fixedly embedded wall of tie point precast beam and wall Body prefabricated board;Make the wall connecting block insertion wall prefabricated board of the joint face of precast hollow connecting pole;
8th step, the tip position between the wall prefabricated board of top wall fix precast beam by bolt/screw, Floor or steel-made roof truss are placed above wall prefabricated board, floor or steel-made roof truss are fixedly connected with the precast beam;Top layer it is pre- Beam processed is provided only with the part being embedded between lower floor's wall prefabricated board and between floor/steel-made roof truss.
Another construction method of foregoing precast concrete shear wall, it is characterised in that:Including following construction steps Suddenly:
The first step, setting column and wall position basic plane on foundation built-in bolt is set;
At the scene or factory, prefabricated column base is installed in the bottom of precast hollow connecting pole, the column of prefabricated column base is connected Portion inserts the bottom of precast hollow connecting pole, and fixes precast hollow connecting pole and column connecting portion with bolt/screw, constitutes pre- Fill column;
At the scene or the assembled T-shaped prefabricated component of bottom belt of factory or precast beam wall, lead between adjacent wall prefabricated board Cross bolt/screw and fix same wall connecting block, the wall connecting block is connected across the edge of both sides wall prefabricated board;Bottom The bottom of wall prefabricated board be embedded in central projection and the fixation of T-shaped prefabricated component, the bottom of top setting-in precast beam and fixation; The latter half of the top setting-in precast beam of the wall prefabricated board of other layers and fixation, constitute prepackage wall;
Second step, according to one of following two kinds of modes splice wall:
1), in advance by precast hollow connecting pole with pre-install wall assembly be integrated, make precast hollow connecting pole only in face of The side of wall is provided with wall connecting block, and the wall connecting block insertion prepackage wall and fixation, constitutes self-contained wall;
When bottom is constructed, the self-contained wall alignment settings position of bottom is lifted, foundation built-in bolt is passed through prefabricated post The bolt hole of seat and T-shaped prefabricated component, and adjust by adjusting nut the level and height of the prefabricated column base and T-shaped prefabricated component;
When bottom above floor is constructed, at the top of the precast hollow connecting pole that the bottom of column connecting piece is inserted to lower floor, and Fixed with the precast hollow connecting pole of lower floor;Will prepackage wall integral hoisting on the floor of this layer, making a pair of walls of wall The precast beam top of lower floor is inserted between prefabricated board, and the connecting pole through hole of precast hollow connecting pole is inserted in column connecting piece Top;
2), on-site consolidation precast hollow connecting pole and prepackage wall
When bottom is constructed,
Precast hollow connecting pole is first installed, the precast hollow connecting pole of bottom is lifted into setting position together with prefabricated column base Put, precast hollow connecting pole is only provided with wall connecting block in the side in face of wall, and it is prefabricated to pass through foundation built-in bolt The bolt hole of column base, the level and height of the prefabricated column base are adjusted by adjusting nut;
Prepackage wall is installed again, the prepackage wall of bottom is lifted into setting position together with T-shaped prefabricated component, makes precast hollow Between a pair of wall prefabricated boards of the wall connecting block insertion wall side of connecting pole, and it is T-shaped pre- to pass through foundation built-in bolt The bolt hole of product, the level and height of the T-shaped prefabricated component are adjusted by adjusting nut;It is fixedly connected with wall connecting block and wall Body prefabricated board;
When bottom above floor is constructed,
Precast hollow connecting pole is first installed, at the top of the precast hollow connecting pole that the bottom of column connecting piece is inserted to lower floor, And fixed with the precast hollow connecting pole of lower floor;Precast hollow connecting pole is lifted into setting position, makes precast hollow connecting pole Wall connecting block only is provided with the side in face of wall, and the bottom of precast hollow connecting pole is inserted in the upper of column connecting piece Portion, and column connecting piece is fixed;
Prepackage wall is installed again, prepackage wall is lifted into setting position, makes the wall connecting block of precast hollow connecting pole Between a pair of wall prefabricated boards of embedded wall side, and the bottom of a pair of wall prefabricated boards is set to be inserted in the precast beam of lower floor, Gu Determine connecting wall contiguous block and wall prefabricated board, and precast beam and wall prefabricated board;
3rd step, the top lifting placement floor in mounted prepackage wall, the pre-buried connection sheet of floor end are vertical Set, be fixedly connected with pre-buried connection sheet with precast beam with bolt/screw;
4th step, placement floor or steel-made roof truss above top wall, and the bottom of the floor/steel-made roof truss is consolidated Surely on precast beam;
When top layer needs laying floor, the pre-buried connection sheet that floor end face is laterally set is consolidated with the precast beam upper surface Fixed connection, the top of precast beam is concordant with floor;
When top layer lays steel-made roof truss, steel-made roof truss is fixed with precast beam by bolt/screw.
When band door wall is installed to bottom above floor, prefabricated top surface of the beam and the floor either flush, floor end of lower floor Pre-buried connection sheet laterally set, and be fixedly connected with precast beam top, the U of opening upwards be fixedly connected with the top of precast beam Shaped steel, U-shaped steel is fixed by bolt/screw with precast beam, between a pair of wall prefabricated boards of U-shaped steel insertion wall, wall Prefabricated board is fixedly connected at tie point by bolt/screw with the U-shaped steel.
The present invention realizes complete prefabricated, the full-dry method construction of wall, and building construction simple and convenient assembly, it is quick, significantly drop Low construction cost.
Wall uses two-sided wall prefabricated board structure, many fixed wall connecting blocks between two-sided wall prefabricated board, and together Sample continues wall with the splicing of wall connecting block, inside fills out heat insulating stuffing, makes splicing structure simple and wall is indeformable, and can be real Existing heat preservation energy-saving.The wall prefabricated board of exterior wall is threaded sleeve in medial surface, and it is smooth to maintain wall face, can fill exterior wall Adorn prefabrication, related decoration of exterior wall integral assembling.
It is precast hollow connecting pole small volume, lightweight, pass through the wall connecting block and wall connecting of joint face, connection jail Gu, joint face, can be successively by precast hollow connecting pole when high-rise or needs strengthen connection provided with the connecting hole with wall insertion It is in the milk at top.
Wall is connected beforehand through prefabricated column base and T-shaped prefabricated component leveling with basis, is adapted to a variety of bases Construction, and prefabricated column base and T-shaped prefabricated component equally easily can carry out bolt splicing with wall.
Interlayer is connected by precast beam, makes precast beam while being fixedly connected with lower floor's wall, upper wall and floor, and apply Work workload does not increase.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is fabric embodiment schematic diagram of the present invention,
Fig. 2 is the prefabricated plate structure schematic diagram of wall,
Fig. 3 is precast hollow connecting pole structural representation,
Fig. 4 is shear wall assembled state plan,
Fig. 5 is wall prefabricated board and foundation connection structure schematic diagram,
Fig. 6 is top wall prefabricated board attachment structure schematic diagram,
Fig. 7 is intermediate layer wall prefabricated board attachment structure schematic diagram,
Fig. 8 is the connection pore structure of interior wall battenboard,
Fig. 9 is the connection pore structure of outer wall sandwich board,
Figure 10 is floor construction schematic diagram,
Figure 11 is Figure 10 left view,
Figure 12 is that column is connected section structure schematic diagram with basis,
Figure 13 is the interlayer attachment structure schematic diagram of column.
In figure:1-precast hollow connecting pole, 2-precast beam, 3-floor, 4-wall connecting block, 5-wall prefabricated board, 6-lifting suspension member, 7-intercommunicating pore, 8-prefabricated column base, 9-T-shaped prefabricated component, 10-bolt/screw, 11-basic pre-buried spiral shell Bolt, 12-adjusting nut, 13-basis, 14-connecting pole through hole, 15-battenboard sleeve, 16-nut/screw slots, 17-add Strong steel plate, 18-pre-buried connection sheet, 19-enclosure board, 20-U-shaped/shape for hat girder steel, 21-pre-buried floor sleeve, 22-filling Material, 24-precast slab, 25-central projection, 26-basis connecting portion, 28-column connecting portion, 29-wall, 30-column, 31-column connecting piece, 33-wall body built-in fitting.
Embodiment
The present invention is further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples:As shown in fig. 1, the precast concrete shearing Wall construction, including floor 3, wall 29 and column 30.
The structure of the wall 29 is neighbouring in wall prefabricated board as shown in Fig. 2 be the wall prefabricated board 5 provided with two sides Within four side edge 200mm and the medium position of wall prefabricated board is equipped between tie point, the short transverse of middle part tie point Separation and it is filled with away from for 300mm~500mm, between each tie point in the space of wall at inserts 22, the tie point Provided with the wall connecting block 4 being embedded between the wall prefabricated board of both sides, by bolt/screw 10 through side wall prefabricated board with And described wall connecting block and the wall prefabricated board of opposite side are fastenedly connected, to ensure that the big face of wall does not deform.Bolt/ The connected mode of screw is slightly different according to the different structure of exterior wall or interior wall.
For interior wall wall, as shown in figure 8, the tie point of wall is buried close to the medial surface of wall prefabricated board 5 Provided with battenboard sleeve 15, the battenboard sleeve 15 is smooth cylindric of inner surface, and the lateral surfaces of both ends of the surface is provided with strengthening Steel plate 17, the wall prefabricated board 5 in the outside of battenboard sleeve 15 is provided with bolt/screw groove 16.A pair of wall prefabricated boards 5 are symmetrical Set, pass through the wall prefabricated board 5 and wall connecting block 4 of the side from the outside of wall prefabricated board 5 of side in tie point, and pass through The battenboard sleeve 15 of opposite side wall prefabricated board 5, is fastenedly connected with the nut in bolt/screw groove 16.
For outer wall body, as shown in figure 9, the tie point of wall is buried close to the medial surface of wall prefabricated board 5 Provided with tapped battenboard sleeve 15, the battenboard sleeve 15 sets the cylindric of screw thread, the lateral surface of both ends of the surface to be interior Provided with steel plate 17 is strengthened, the outside of battenboard sleeve 15 to the outline of the wall prefabricated board 5 is armored concrete.A pair Wall prefabricated board 5 selects to be used without the wall prefabricated board 5 of bolt/screw groove in exterior wall side, used in inner side with bolt/ The wall prefabricated board 5 of screw slots 16, the He of wall prefabricated board 5 of the side is passed through from the outside of wall prefabricated board 5 of inner side in tie point Wall connecting block 4, and be threadedly coupled with the battenboard sleeve 15 of opposite side wall prefabricated board 5.
Such as Fig. 3, the column is the side with connecting pole through hole 14 centered on precast hollow connecting pole 1, cylinder cross section It is arranged with the square of connecting pole through hole 14 centered on shape, typical section, the joint face of column and wall is fixed with outer The joint face of convex wall connecting block 4, post and wall is additionally provided with the intercommunicating pore 7 with the insertion of connecting pole through hole 14.Fixed with column The wall connecting block 4 of setting and the wall connecting block uniform thickness of tie point, intercommunicating pore make connecting pole through hole 14 be connected with wall, are needing Wall can be connected as a single entity by the concrete slurry of filling at the top of column to wall grouting when wanting.
The column is arranged at each corner of wall, and between previous column 2m~5m stalk, column Wall is embedded in wall by the wall connecting block of column connecting side to be fastenedly connected by bolt/screw 10.
As shown in Figure 10,11, the floor includes precast slab 24 and part is embedded in the precast slab Interior U-shaped/shape for hat girder steel 20, the central-web of the U-shaped/shape for hat girder steel protrudes from the bottom of precast slab, Duo Gesuo State U-shaped/shape for hat girder steel 20 arranged in parallel.
The bottom surface of the both sides of precast slab 24 is embedded with the pre-buried floor sleeve 21 of bottom surface opening, for same Spliced between the precast slab of floor by connector;The both ends of the precast slab are embedded in pre- provided with part Pre-buried connection sheet 18 inside concrete slab processed.
U-shaped/shape for hat girder steel and prefabricated board combine the bending strength for greatly strengthening prefabricated board, therefore can be by prefabricated board Thickness reduces, while alleviating weight and reducing cost.The steel beam web plate of floor slab bottoms easily can directly lift maintenance Plate, it is relative to need to be additionally carried out for the structure of lifting construction equivalent to increasing spatial altitude, and construction is simplified, directly With tapping screw or bolt it is Liftable enclosure board 19 in the bottom of U-shaped/shape for hat girder steel, reduces between enclosure board and floor Spacing and construction is facilitated, reduce construction cost.
The inner surface of the pre-buried floor sleeve 21 is provided with screw thread, for being directly fastenedly connected phase with screw by connector Adjacent prefabricated board.Floor splicing side by side is integrated by pre-buried floor sleeve so that floor is overall more to be consolidated.
The prefabricated board is light reinforced concrete prefabricated component with other precast concretes, and laid inside has steel mesh, steel Silk, steel plate or shaped steel.So that structural member is lightweight, intensity is high.
The scheme being connected for column with basis, is fixedly connected between the column of bottom and basis 13 by prefabricated column base 8, Column connecting portion 28 of the top of the prefabricated column base 8 provided with the embedded connecting pole through hole 14, the basis of the prefabricated bottom of column base 8 Connecting portion 26 is passed through and the regulation spiral shell on foundation built-in bolt in the Outboard Sections of precast hollow connecting pole 1 by foundation built-in bolt The level and height of the prefabricated column base of mother's regulation.
As shown in figure 5, the scheme being connected for wall with basis, by T-shaped prefabricated between the wall of bottom and basis 13 Part 9 is fixedly connected, and the cross section of the T-shaped prefabricated component 9 is T-shaped, and the central projection 25 of T-shaped prefabricated component is embedded at wall both sides Wall prefabricated board 5 between, in tie point through central projection with bolt/screw 10 by wall prefabricated board 5 and T-shaped prefabricated component It is fastenedly connected, the foundation built-in bolt 11 that the basic connecting portion 26 in both sides of T-shaped prefabricated component is embedded in basis in advance is passed through and by basis Adjusting nut 12 on the foundation built-in bolt of connecting portion two sides adjusts the level and height of T-shaped prefabricated component.
The structure of interlayer as shown in Figure 7, is embedded in the wall of lower floor, portion in the embedded part of precast beam 2 of the wall of interlayer Point it is embedded in the wall on upper strata, the middle part of the precast beam is recessed, is embedded at the precast beam both sides of upper wall part close to building The top edge of plate is provided with articulated bolt, and bolt/screw 10 runs through the middle part of the precast beam and bolt/screw is in precast beam and wall Nut is provided between body prefabricated board 5.
Such as Figure 13, connected between lower floor and the precast hollow connecting pole 1 on upper strata with the column being embedded in connecting pole through hole 14 Fitting 31 is connected, and is fixedly connected between column connecting piece 31 and precast hollow connecting pole 1 by bolt/screw 10.
As shown in fig. 6, passing through embedded wall between the wall and floor of top layer and between the wall and floor of interlayer Precast beam 2 is fastenedly connected by bolt/screw 10, passes through the pre-buried connection sheet 18 of floor end between the floor and precast beam of top layer By bolt or self-drilling connection.
The construction method embodiment one of precast concrete shear wall, including following construction procedures carried out in order:
The first step, on the basic plane of setting stud by foundation built-in bolt through installing prefabricated column base 8, and lead to Overregulate level and unified setting height that nut adjusts the prefabricated column base 8;On the basic plane of setting wall position By foundation built-in bolt through installing T-shaped prefabricated component 9, and adjust by adjusting nut level and the setting of the T-shaped prefabricated component 9 Height;
Second step, selection precast hollow connecting pole 1, make precast hollow connecting pole only be provided with wall in the one side in face of wall Contiguous block 4, the connecting pole through hole 14 of the insertion precast hollow of column connecting portion 28 connecting pole 1 of prefabricated column base 8, precast hollow is connected Post 1 is connect to fix;
3rd step, choose without bolt/screw groove 16 wall prefabricated board 5 as outer wall body lateral surface, strap bolt/ The wall prefabricated board 5 of screw slots 16 is as the medial surface of outer wall body, and for interior wall wall, interior lateral surface can select band spiral shell The wall prefabricated board 5 of bolt/screw slots 16.Interior wall is assembled after first exterior wall.
Wall prefabricated board 5 is lifted into the both sides of wall connecting block 4 of T-shaped prefabricated component 9 and column, in wall prefabricated board 5 The tie point in portion inserts inserts 22 with bolt/screw connecting wall contiguous block 4 and wall prefabricated board 5;It is sequentially connected adjacent Wall prefabricated board 5, pass through the wall across two neighboring walls prefabricated boards 5 at the tie point between adjacent wall prefabricated board 5 Body contiguous block 4 is connected with bolt/screw, completes the connection of one layer of wall;
4th step, the top lifting placement floor in wall prefabricated board 5, the pre-buried connection sheet 18 of floor end are vertically set Put, pre-buried connection sheet 18 and precast beam 2 are fixed with bolt/screw 10;
5th step, the precast hollow connecting pole 1 by the insertion of column connecting piece 31 lower floor, and it is fixed.Hoisting prefabricated sky again Heart connecting pole 1, and fixed with column connecting piece;Hoisting prefabricated beam 2, then installs wall between precast hollow connecting pole 1.Make The insertion wall of wall connecting block 4 prefabricated board 5 of the joint face of precast hollow connecting pole;Wall is lifted, precast beam is embedded in wall Prefabricated board 5, and by bolt/screw the fixedly embedded wall of tie point precast beam and wall prefabricated board 5;
6th step, the tip position between the wall prefabricated board 5 of top wall fix precast beam 2 by bolt/screw, Floor is placed in the top of wall prefabricated board 5, and the end face of the floor is located at wall prefabricated board 5, by floor end face Pre-buried connection sheet 18 is fixedly connected with the precast beam;, the precast beam of top layer, which is provided only with, to be embedded between lower floor's wall prefabricated board And the part between floor, the top of precast beam is concordant with floor.
In the present embodiment and following embodiments, precast beam can use steel tubular beam.
The construction method embodiment two of precast concrete shear wall, including following construction procedures carried out in order:
The first step, the setting foundation built-in bolt 11 on the basic plane of setting column and wall position;
At the scene or factory, prefabricated column base 8 is installed in the bottom of precast hollow connecting pole 1, the column of prefabricated column base 8 is connected The bottom of the insertion precast hollow of socket part 28 connecting pole 1, and be connected with the fixation precast hollow of bolt/screw 10 connecting pole 1 with column Portion 28, constitutes prepackage column;
At the scene or the assembled T-shaped prefabricated component 9 of bottom belt of factory or precast beam 2 wall 29, adjacent wall prefabricated board 5 it Between same wall connecting block 4 is fixed by bolt/screw 10, the wall connecting block 4 is connected across both sides wall prefabricated board 5 Edge;The bottom of the wall prefabricated board 5 of bottom is embedded in the central projection 25 of T-shaped prefabricated component 9 and fixed, top setting-in precast beam 2 bottom and fixation;The latter half of the top setting-in precast beam 2 of the wall prefabricated board 5 of other layers and fixation, constitute prepackage wall Body;
Second step, splice wall:
Precast hollow connecting pole 1 is integrated with prepackage wall assembly in advance, makes precast hollow connecting pole 1 only in face of wall The side of body is provided with wall connecting block 4, and wall connecting block 4 is embedded in the prepackage wall and fixation, constitutes self-contained wall;
When bottom is constructed, the self-contained wall alignment settings position of bottom is lifted, passes through foundation built-in bolt 11 prefabricated The bolt hole of column base 8 and T-shaped prefabricated component 9, and adjust by adjusting nut 12 level of the prefabricated column base 8 and T-shaped prefabricated component 9 And height;
When bottom above floor is constructed, the bottom of column connecting piece 31 is inserted to the top of precast hollow connecting pole 1 of lower floor, And fixed with the precast hollow connecting pole 1 of lower floor;Will prepackage wall integral hoisting on the floor of this layer, making a pair of walls of wall Be inserted in the top of precast beam 2 of lower floor between body prefabricated board 5, and make precast hollow connecting pole 1 connecting pole through hole 14 be inserted in it is vertical The top of post connector;
3rd step, the top lifting placement floor in mounted prepackage wall, the pre-buried connection sheet 18 of floor end are erected To setting, pre-buried connection sheet 18 is fixedly connected with precast beam 2 with bolt/screw 10;
4th step, placement floor or steel-made roof truss above top wall, and the bottom of the floor/steel-made roof truss is consolidated Surely on precast beam;
When top layer needs laying floor, the pre-buried connection sheet 18 that floor end face is laterally set and the precast beam upper surface It is fixedly connected, the top of precast beam is concordant with floor;
When top layer lays steel-made roof truss, steel-made roof truss is fixed with precast beam 2 by bolt/screw 10.
The construction method embodiment three of precast concrete shear wall, including following construction procedures carried out in order:
The first step, the setting foundation built-in bolt 11 on the basic plane of setting column and wall position;
At the scene or factory, prefabricated column base 8 is installed in the bottom of precast hollow connecting pole 1, the column of prefabricated column base 8 is connected The bottom of the insertion precast hollow of socket part 28 connecting pole 1, and be connected with the fixation precast hollow of bolt/screw 10 connecting pole 1 with column Portion 28, constitutes prepackage column;
At the scene or the assembled T-shaped prefabricated component 9 of bottom belt of factory or precast beam 2 wall 29, adjacent wall prefabricated board 5 it Between same wall connecting block 4 is fixed by bolt/screw 10, the wall connecting block 4 is connected across both sides wall prefabricated board 5 Edge;The bottom of the wall prefabricated board 5 of bottom is embedded in the central projection 25 of T-shaped prefabricated component 9 and fixed, top setting-in precast beam 2 bottom and fixation;The latter half of the top setting-in precast beam 2 of the wall prefabricated board 5 of other layers and fixation, constitute prepackage wall Body;
Second step, on-site consolidation precast hollow connecting pole 1 and prepackage wall:
When bottom is constructed,
Precast hollow connecting pole 1 is first installed, the precast hollow connecting pole 1 of bottom is lifted into setting together with prefabricated column base 8 Position, makes precast hollow connecting pole 1 only be provided with wall connecting block 4 in the side in face of wall, and wear foundation built-in bolt 11 The bolt hole of prefabricated column base 8 is crossed, the level and height of the prefabricated column base 8 are adjusted by adjusting nut 12;
Prepackage wall is installed again, the prepackage wall of bottom is lifted into setting position together with T-shaped prefabricated component 9, makes prefabricated sky Between a pair of wall prefabricated boards 5 of the insertion wall of wall connecting block 4 side of heart connecting pole 1, and wear foundation built-in bolt 11 The bolt hole of T-shaped prefabricated component 9 is crossed, the level and height of the T-shaped prefabricated component 9 are adjusted by adjusting nut 12;It is fixedly connected with wall Body contiguous block 4 and wall prefabricated board 5;
When bottom above floor is constructed,
Precast hollow connecting pole 1, such as Figure 13 are first installed, the precast hollow that the bottom of column connecting piece is inserted into lower floor is connected The top of post 1, and fixed with the precast hollow connecting pole 1 of lower floor;Precast hollow connecting pole 1 is lifted into setting position, made prefabricated Hollow connecting pole 1 only the side in face of wall be provided with wall connecting block 4, and make precast hollow connecting pole 1 bottom be inserted in it is vertical The top of post connector, and column connecting piece is fixed;
Prepackage wall is installed again, prepackage wall is lifted into setting position, makes the wall connecting block of precast hollow connecting pole 1 Between a pair of wall prefabricated boards 5 of 4 insertion wall sides, and the bottom of a pair of wall prefabricated boards 5 is set to be inserted in the precast beam of lower floor 2, it is fixedly connected with wall connecting block 4 and wall prefabricated board 5, and precast beam 2 and wall prefabricated board 5;
3rd step, the top lifting placement floor in mounted prepackage wall, the pre-buried connection sheet 18 of floor end are erected To setting, pre-buried connection sheet 18 is fixedly connected with precast beam 2 with bolt/screw 10;
4th step, placement floor or steel-made roof truss above top wall, and the bottom of the floor/steel-made roof truss is consolidated Surely on precast beam;
When top layer needs laying floor, the pre-buried connection sheet 18 that floor end face is laterally set and the precast beam upper surface It is fixedly connected, the top of precast beam is concordant with floor;
When top layer lays steel-made roof truss, steel-made roof truss is fixed with precast beam 2 by bolt/screw 10.
In the embodiment above, when bottom above floor is constructed, it can be applied for the construction with door wall using following Work mode, the top surface of precast beam 2 of lower floor and floor either flush, the pre-buried connection sheet 18 of floor end are laterally set, and with it is pre- The top of beam 2 processed is fixedly connected, and the U-shaped steel of opening upwards is fixedly connected with the top of precast beam 2, U-shaped steel is passed through into bolt/screw Fixed with precast beam 2, between a pair of wall prefabricated boards 5 of U-shaped steel insertion wall, wall prefabricated board 5 passes through spiral shell at tie point Bolt/screw is fixedly connected with the U-shaped steel.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of precast concrete shear wall structure, it is characterised in that:Including the whole of floor (3), wall (29) and column (30) Body shear wall structure is assembled by connector by precast concrete;
The wall two sides are provided with wall prefabricated board (5), in wall prefabricated board within four side edge 200mm and wall The medium position of prefabricated board is equipped with tie point, and the tie point position being embedded between the wall prefabricated board (5) of both sides is provided with wall Wall prefabricated board (5) and described wall connecting block (4), are fastenedly connected by contiguous block (4) by bolt/screw (10);
The column is precast hollow connecting pole (1), and column cross-section is square, and column center is vertically provided with connecting pole through hole (14) the column side, being connected with wall is fixed with the wall connecting block (4) of evagination, and the column side being connected with wall is also set There is the intercommunicating pore (7) with connecting pole through hole (14) insertion;
The column is arranged at each corner of wall, and between the stalk of two sections of 2m~5m length, column passes through with wall The embedded wall of wall connecting block (4) of column connection side is fastenedly connected by bolt/screw (10), the wall prefabricated board of bottom (5) top and the two ends of remainder layer wall prefabricated board (5) is tight by bolt/screw (10) by the precast beam (2) of embedded wall It is solidly connected, the bottom of the wall prefabricated board (5) of bottom is fastened by the T-shaped prefabricated component (9) of embedded wall by bolt/screw (10) Connection.
2. precast concrete shear wall structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Company in wall prefabricated board (5) Junction, wall body built-in fitting (33) is embedded with close to wall prefabricated board (5) medial surface, and the wall body built-in fitting (33) includes sandwich Sleeve-board cylinder (15) and the reinforcement steel plate (17) at battenboard sleeve two ends, the battenboard sleeve (15) are the smooth cylinder of inner surface Wall prefabricated board (5) on the outside of shape, the battenboard sleeve (15) is provided with bolt/screw groove (16).
3. precast concrete shear wall structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Company in wall prefabricated board (5) Junction, wall body built-in fitting (33) is embedded with close to wall prefabricated board (5) medial surface, and the wall body built-in fitting (33) includes sandwich Sleeve-board cylinder (15) and the reinforcement steel plate (17) at battenboard sleeve two ends, the battenboard sleeve (15) are that inner surface sets threaded Cylindric, the outline on the outside of the battenboard sleeve (15) to the wall prefabricated board (5) is armored concrete.
4. precast concrete shear wall structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The floor (3) includes prefabricated Concrete slab (24) and part are embedded in U-shaped/shape for hat girder steel (20) in the precast slab, the U-shaped/shape for hat girder steel Lower wing plate and part web protrude from the bottom of precast slab, multiple U-shaped/shape for hat girder steels (20) are arranged in parallel;
Be welded with support member on the upper flange of the U-shaped/shape for hat girder steel (20), the support member be steel mesh, steel wire, steel plate or Shaped steel;
The bottom surface of precast slab (24) both sides is embedded with the pre-buried floor sleeve (21) of bottom surface opening, the building of same layer Spliced between plate by the connector of floor slab bottoms with screw/bolt;Buried provided with part at the both ends of the precast slab Located at the pre-buried connection sheet (18) of precast concrete intralamellar part.
5. precast concrete shear wall structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The column of bottom and basic (13) Between be fixedly connected by prefabricated column base (8), the top of the prefabricated column base (8) is provided with the embedded connecting pole through hole (14) Column connecting portion (28), column connecting portion (28), prefabricated column base (8) are fixedly connected with the outside of column by bolt/screw (10) The basic connecting portion (26) of bottom is passed through in precast hollow connecting pole (1) Outboard Sections by foundation built-in bolt (11), and by adjusting Save level and height that nut adjusts prefabricated column base;
To be embedded at the column connecting piece (31) in connecting pole through hole (14) between lower floor and the precast hollow connecting pole (1) on upper strata Connection, is fixedly connected between column connecting piece (31) and precast hollow connecting pole (1) by bolt/screw (10).
6. precast concrete shear wall structure according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The following floor of top layer it is described pre- Recessed in the middle part of the cross section of beam (2) processed, the top of the precast beam (2) of top layer is recessed, the pre-buried connection sheet that floor (3) passes through end (18) it is fixedly connected with the precast beam of recessed portion with bolt/screw (10);
Floor (3) upper and lower surface in alignment of the following floor of top layer is provided with wall prefabricated board (5), the upper and lower side of bolt-through floor The precast beam (2) of recessed portion is connected with the wall prefabricated board (5) of upper and lower layer respectively;
On top floor wall prefabricated board (5) placed below, the precast beam (2) and wall of recessed portion on the downside of bolt-through floor Body prefabricated board (5) is connected.
7. a kind of construction method of precast concrete shear wall structure as described in one of claim 1~6, it is characterised in that: Including following construction procedures carried out in order:
The first step, the embedded foundation bolt on the basic plane of setting column and wall position, peace is passed through by foundation built-in bolt Prefabricated column base (8) is filled, and the level of the prefabricated column base (8) and the height of setting are adjusted by adjusting nut;In setting wall By foundation built-in bolt through the T-shaped prefabricated component (9) of installation on the basic plane of position, and adjust described T-shaped by adjusting nut The level of prefabricated component (9) and the height of setting;
Second step, selection precast hollow connecting pole (1), make precast hollow connecting pole only connect in the side in face of wall provided with wall Block (4) is connect, the column connecting portion (28) of prefabricated column base (8) is embedded in the connecting pole through hole (14) of precast hollow connecting pole (1) bottom, And pass through the fixed precast hollow connecting pole (1) of bolt/screw (10) and column connecting portion (28);
3rd step, hoisting prefabricated beam (2), and precast beam is positioned between two precast hollow connecting poles (1), precast hollow connected Connect on the column connecting piece (31) at the top of post (1), and it is fixed with column connecting piece (31);
4th step, installing bottom layer outer wall body, the wall prefabricated board (5) chosen without bolt/screw groove (16) are used as exterior wall wall The lateral surface of body, the wall prefabricated board (5) of strap bolt/screw slots (16) as outer wall body medial surface;
By the wall prefabricated board (5) of the lateral surface of outer wall body side by side by being located at T-shaped prefabricated component (9) between precast beam, at this Inserts (22), pipeline are installed by planning on the inside of wall prefabricated board (5), in the inner side of the assembled outer wall body in the inner side of outer wall body Wall prefabricated board, and column connecting piece (31), wall connecting block (4), T-shaped prefabricated component (9) and precast beam are run through with connecting bolt (2) the wall prefabricated board (5) in outside is fixed on, by across two-phase at the tie point between adjacent wall prefabricated board (5) The wall connecting block (4) of adjacent wall prefabricated board (5) is connected with bolt/screw, constitutes the outer wall body of bottom;
5th step, installing bottom layer interior wall wall, the wall prefabricated board (5) for choosing strap bolt/screw slots (16) are used as the side of wall Face;By the wall prefabricated board (5) of the lateral surface of interior wall wall side by side by being located at T-shaped prefabricated component (9) between precast beam, in the wall By planning installation inserts (22), pipeline on the inside of body prefabricated board (5), the inner side wall prefabricated board of assembled interior wall wall, and with spiral shell Bolt/screw (10) connecting wall prefabricated board (5) and column connecting piece (31), wall connecting block (4), T-shaped prefabricated component (9) and prefabricated Connected at beam (2), the tie point between adjacent wall prefabricated board (5) by the wall across two neighboring walls prefabricated boards (5) Connect block (4) to connect with bolt/screw, constitute the interior wall wall of bottom;
6th step, the top lifting placement floor in wall prefabricated board (5), the pre-buried connection sheet (18) of floor end are vertically set Put, pre-buried connection sheet (18) and precast beam (2) is fixed with bolt/screw (10);
7th step, in intermediate layer or top layer, pushed up with the precast hollow connecting pole (1) of column connecting piece (31) partial insertion lower floor Portion, and fixed with the precast hollow connecting pole (1) of lower floor by bolt/screw, in the hoisting prefabricated hollow connecting pole (1) in upper strata, The precast hollow connecting pole (1) on upper strata is set to be inserted in the column connecting piece and be fixedly connected;
The hoisting prefabricated beam (2) between two precast hollow connecting poles (1), and it is fixed with column connecting piece (31);
Interior wall directly lifts wall prefabricated board (5) after first exterior wall, loads inserts and pipeline, makes wall prefabricated board (5) bottom The wall prefabricated board (5) of precast beam insertion wall both sides, and by bolt/screw the fixedly embedded wall of tie point precast beam With wall prefabricated board (5);Make the embedded wall prefabricated board (5) of wall connecting block (4) of the joint face of precast hollow connecting pole;
8th step, the tip position between the wall prefabricated board (5) of top wall fix precast beam (2) by bolt/screw, Floor or steel-made roof truss are placed above wall prefabricated board (5), floor or steel-made roof truss are fixedly connected with the precast beam (2); The precast beam of top layer is provided only with the part being embedded between lower floor's wall prefabricated board and between floor/steel-made roof truss.
8. a kind of construction method of precast concrete shear wall structure as described in one of claim 1~6, it is characterised in that: Including following construction procedures:
The first step, the setting foundation built-in bolt (11) on the basic plane of setting column and wall position;
At the scene or factory, prefabricated column base (8) is installed in the bottom of precast hollow connecting pole (1), by the column of prefabricated column base (8) The bottom of connecting portion (28) insertion precast hollow connecting pole (1), and with the fixed precast hollow connecting pole (1) of bolt/screw (10) With column connecting portion (28), prepackage column is constituted;
At the scene or the assembled T-shaped prefabricated component of bottom belt (9) of factory or precast beam (2) wall (29), adjacent wall prefabricated board (5) by the fixed same wall connecting block (4) of bolt/screw (10) between, the wall connecting block (4) is connected across both walls The edge of body prefabricated board (5);The bottom of the wall prefabricated board (5) of bottom is embedded in the central projection (25) of T-shaped prefabricated component (9) simultaneously It is fixed, the bottom of top setting-in precast beam (2) and fixation;The top setting-in precast beam (2) of the wall prefabricated board (5) of other layers The latter half and fixation, constitute prepackage wall;
Second step, according to one of following two kinds of modes splice wall:
1), precast hollow connecting pole (1) is integrated with prepackage wall assembly in advance, makes precast hollow connecting pole (1) only in face Wall connecting block (4), and the embedded prepackage wall of wall connecting block (4) and fixation are provided with to the side of wall, constituted self-contained Wall;
When bottom is constructed, the self-contained wall alignment settings position of bottom is lifted, foundation built-in bolt (11) is passed through prefabricated post The bolt hole of seat (8) and T-shaped prefabricated component (9), and the prefabricated column base (8) and T-shaped prefabricated component are adjusted by adjusting nut (12) (9) level and height;
When bottom above floor is constructed, at the top of the precast hollow connecting pole (1) that the bottom of column connecting piece (31) is inserted to lower floor, And it is fixed with the precast hollow connecting pole (1) of lower floor;By prepackage wall integral hoisting on the floor of this layer, make a pair of wall Precast beam (2) top of lower floor is inserted between wall prefabricated board (5), and makes the connecting pole through hole of precast hollow connecting pole (1) (14) it is inserted in the top of column connecting piece;
2), on-site consolidation precast hollow connecting pole (1) and prepackage wall
When bottom is constructed,
Precast hollow connecting pole (1) is first installed, the precast hollow connecting pole (1) of bottom is lifted into together with prefabricated column base (8) and set Positioning is put, and precast hollow connecting pole (1) is only provided with wall connecting block (4) in the side in face of wall, and make basic pre-buried spiral shell Bolt (11) passes through the bolt hole of prefabricated column base (8), and the level and height of the prefabricated column base (8) are adjusted by adjusting nut (12) Degree;
Prepackage wall is installed again, the prepackage wall of bottom is lifted into setting position together with T-shaped prefabricated component (9), makes precast hollow Between a pair of wall prefabricated boards (5) of the embedded wall side of the wall connecting block (4) of connecting pole (1), and make foundation built-in bolt (11) bolt hole of T-shaped prefabricated component (9) is passed through, the level and height of the T-shaped prefabricated component (9) are adjusted by adjusting nut (12) Degree;It is fixedly connected with wall connecting block (4) and wall prefabricated board (5);
When bottom above floor is constructed,
Precast hollow connecting pole (1) is first installed, the precast hollow connecting pole (1) that the bottom of column connecting piece is inserted into lower floor is pushed up Portion, and it is fixed with the precast hollow connecting pole (1) of lower floor;Precast hollow connecting pole (1) is lifted into setting position, makes prefabricated sky Heart connecting pole (1) is only provided with wall connecting block (4) in the side in face of wall, and covers the bottom of precast hollow connecting pole (1) Enter the top of column connecting piece, and column connecting piece is fixed;
Prepackage wall is installed again, prepackage wall is lifted into setting position, makes the wall connecting block of precast hollow connecting pole (1) (4) between a pair of wall prefabricated boards (5) of embedded wall side, and the bottom of a pair of wall prefabricated boards (5) is made to be inserted in lower floor Precast beam (2), is fixedly connected with wall connecting block (4) and wall prefabricated board (5), and precast beam (2) and wall prefabricated board (5);
3rd step, the top lifting placement floor in mounted prepackage wall, the pre-buried connection sheet (18) of floor end are vertical Set, be fixedly connected with pre-buried connection sheet (18) with precast beam (2) with bolt/screw (10);
4th step, placement floor or steel-made roof truss above top wall, and the bottom fixation of the floor/steel-made roof truss is set In on precast beam;
When top layer needs laying floor, the pre-buried connection sheet (18) that floor end face is laterally set is consolidated with the precast beam upper surface Fixed connection, the top of precast beam is concordant with floor;
It is when top layer lays steel-made roof truss, steel-made roof truss and precast beam (2) is fixed by bolt/screw (10).
9. a kind of construction method of precast concrete shear wall structure as claimed in claim 8, it is characterised in that:To bottom with When upper floor installs band door wall, precast beam (2) top surface and the floor either flush, the pre-buried connection sheet of floor end of lower floor (18) laterally set, and be fixedly connected with precast beam (2) top, the U-shaped of opening upwards is fixedly connected with the top of precast beam (2) Steel, U-shaped steel is fixed by bolt/screw and precast beam (2), between a pair of wall prefabricated boards (5) of U-shaped steel insertion wall, Wall prefabricated board (5) is fixedly connected at tie point by bolt/screw with the U-shaped steel.
CN201510508472.2A 2015-08-18 2015-08-18 Precast concrete shear wall structure and its construction method CN105178433B (en)

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