CN105109043B - Three-dimensional printer and printing method - Google Patents

Three-dimensional printer and printing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105109043B
CN105109043B CN 201510589586 CN201510589586A CN105109043B CN 105109043 B CN105109043 B CN 105109043B CN 201510589586 CN201510589586 CN 201510589586 CN 201510589586 A CN201510589586 A CN 201510589586A CN 105109043 B CN105109043 B CN 105109043B
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CN
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CN 201510589586
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105109043A (en )
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何永刚
苏健强
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珠海天威飞马打印耗材有限公司
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C67/00Shaping techniques not covered by groups B29C39/00 - B29C65/00, B29C70/00 or B29C73/00
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B33ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
    • B33YADDITIVE MANUFACTURING, i.e. MANUFACTURING OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL [3-D] OBJECTS BY ADDITIVE DEPOSITION, ADDITIVE AGGLOMERATION OR ADDITIVE LAYERING, e.g. BY 3-D PRINTING, STEREOLITHOGRAPHY OR SELECTIVE LASER SINTERING
    • B33Y10/00Processes of additive manufacturing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B33ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
    • B33YADDITIVE MANUFACTURING, i.e. MANUFACTURING OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL [3-D] OBJECTS BY ADDITIVE DEPOSITION, ADDITIVE AGGLOMERATION OR ADDITIVE LAYERING, e.g. BY 3-D PRINTING, STEREOLITHOGRAPHY OR SELECTIVE LASER SINTERING
    • B33Y30/00Apparatus for additive manufacturing; Details thereof or accessories therefor

Abstract

本发明提供一种三维打印机及其打印方法,三维打印机包括打印平台、设置在打印平台上方的打印头、固定在打印平台上承载三维打印实体的成型座、沿与打印平台垂直的方向设置的导轨,打印平台的下方设置有加热装置,打印平台四周设置有保温部件,其中,保温部件由可伸缩的弹性材料制成。 The present invention provides a three-dimensional printer and a printing method, three-dimensional printer comprises a printing platform guide rail, disposed on the upper platform print heads, the fixed direction of the carrier holder entities 3D printing on the printing platform, the platform along a vertically disposed print , under the print platform provided with a heating means, the printing platform is provided with four weeks insulation member, wherein the holding member is made of elastic, resilient material. 本发明提供的三维打印机及其打印方法,有效地确保打印物体维持在一个温度范围内,层与层之间温度变化不大,保证了打印质量,保温部件的结构简单,成本低廉,可以根据打印的实际情况随时调整保温部件的高度,克服了由刚性材料做成的保温部件适应性较差及成本较高的问题。 Three-dimensional printer and printing method of the present invention provides, effectively ensures the printing object is maintained within a temperature range between a temperature not change from layer to layer, to ensure the print quality, a simple structure of the insulation member, low cost, according to the print the actual situation at any time to adjust the height of the insulation member, overcomes the poor insulation material made from a rigid member adaptability and high cost.

Description

三维打印机及其打印方法 Three-dimensional printer and printing method

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及三维打印技术领域,特别涉及一种三维打印机及其打印方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to 3D printing, and in particular relates to a three-dimensional printer and a printing method.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 三维打印又称3D打印,属于快速成形技术的一种,它是一种以数字模型文件为基础,运用成型材料,通过逐层堆叠累积的方式来构造物体的技术。 [0002] The three dimensional printing, also known as 3D printing, is a form of rapid prototyping technology, which is a file-based digital model, the use of a molding material, to construct the object layer by layer stacking technique cumulative manner. 过去三维打印在模具制造、工业设计等领域经常被用于制造模型,现正逐渐用于一些产品的直接制造。 In the past three-dimensional printing mold manufacturing, industrial design and other fields are often used in the manufacture models are now being increasingly used for direct manufacturing of some products. 三维打印的过程首先是通过计算机辅助设计(CAD)或计算机动画建模软件建模,再将建成的三维模型“分区”成逐层的截面,再根据分析截面信息得到加工路径,从而指导打印机逐层打印。 Three-dimensional printing process by the first computer-aided design (CAD) computer modeling or animation modeling software, the three-dimensional model is then built "partitioned" into a cross-sectional layer by layer, and then the analysis to obtain cross-sectional information processing path, to guide the printer by layer printing.

[0003] 作为三维打印技术的典型代表,FDM成型(即Fused Deposition Modeling,溶融沉积成型)是一种通过熔融材料叠加堆积而形成三维实体模型的工艺,一般采用逐层固化成型方法,使打印后的树脂一层一层地变成固体,从而产生立体造型产品。 [0003] As typical representative of three dimensional printing technique, forming the FDM (i.e., Fused Deposition Modeling, melt deposition modeling) is superimposed accumulation process for a three-dimensional solid model by molten material, commonly used method of forming a cured layer by layer, after the printing the solid was turned into a resin layer by layer, to produce a three-dimensional shaped product. 常见的成型材料包括ABS、PLA等。 Common molding materials include ABS, PLA and so on. 一般是通过往三维打印机的打印头上端输入线状的成型材料,线状的成型材料经过在打印头内的高温熔融,从打印头出口挤出约0.1〜0.2mm左右的丝状材料,然后把这种丝状材料按照程序,规律地布置在成型座上,从而实现三维成型。 Typically by a molding material into the input end of the print head of the linear three-dimensional printer, the linear high temperature molten molding material within the print head, the left and right about 0.1~0.2mm extruded filamentary material from the printhead outlet, then this filamentary material according to a program, regularly arranged in the molding seat, thereby achieving a three-dimensional molding.

[0004]随着社会的进步与发展,三维打印技术快速发展并已逐渐进入社会生活的各个领域,一台三维打印机可以采用多种材料进行打印,例如,使用ABS材料的三维打印机,还可使用一些与ABS相近的材料如尼龙等材料进行打印。 [0004] With the progress and development of society, 3D printing and rapid development has gradually entered all areas of social life, a three-dimensional printer can print using a variety of materials, for example, the use of ABS material 3D printers can also use Some ABS and similar materials such as nylon and other materials for printing. 此外,三维打印机进行打印时可采用多种颜色的材料直接打印出彩色的三维实体。 Further, when a plurality of colors may be employed a three-dimensional printer for direct printing of a color printing material three-dimensional solid.

[0005]在使用过程中,成型材料一般会容纳在成型材料盒内,而成型材料盒安装在三维打印机的料盒安装架上,通过出料口向三维打印头提供成型材料。 [0005] During use, the molding material in the molding material typically housed box, the molding material in the three-dimensional printer cartridge is mounted the cartridge mounting frame, the molding material to provide a three-dimensional print head by the discharge. 从打印头出来的丝状材料,在打印头内时大约是200摄氏度左右的高温,从打印头喷出的时候,丝状材料的温度降低到与环境温度一致。 From the print head out of filamentary material, when the printhead temperature is approximately 200 degrees around from the printhead ejection time, the temperature of the filamentary material is reduced to be consistent with the ambient temperature. 丝状材料布置到成型座上时,由于丝状材料的温度与成型座的温度存在差异,使得丝状材料不能很好地附着在成型座上。 When the filamentary material is disposed into the molding seat, due to differences in the temperature of the molding seat of filamentary material, such filamentary material does not adhere well in the molding seat. 打印刚开始时从打印头出来的高温•融状态的丝状材料,可龍会存在局部温度过尚,导致存在不能很好地断丝,出现拉丝的情况。 Print just the beginning of filamentary material from the hot printhead out • financial condition, there will be dragon local temperature is too still, there is not a good result in broken wires, drawing the situation arise. 在后续的打印过程中,由于存在胶丝内外温度差异的影响,三维模型不能平整地一层一层堆叠起来,容易造成最终打印出来的三维模型存在分层、变形等情况,成型效果不够稳定。 In the subsequent printing process, due to the influence of the difference in temperature inside and outside the plastic wire, three-dimensional model layer by layer can not be stacked flat, there is a case is likely to cause delamination, deformation of the final printed three-dimensional model forming effect is not stable.

[0006]现有技术中,有人在三维打印主体的四周设置包围打印主体的密封壳体,密封壳体采用可拆卸的结构,密封壳体上设置保温层,从而实现打印过程中的保温功能。 [0006] In the prior art, it was printed three-dimensional body is provided around the sealed housing surrounding the body of the printing, with removable seal housing structure, the insulation layer provided on the seal housing, thereby achieving thermal insulation function in the printing process. 但^种技术方案仍存在缺陷,即密封壳体的尺寸需要事先定制。 But ^ species aspect still the disadvantage that the size of the sealed housing requires prior customization. 如果密封壳体自身的高度小于待打印物体的高度,待打印物体高出密封壳体的部分的四周由于没有密封壳体的保温作用,还是会出现分层、变形等现象,影响成型效果。 If the height is less than its own sealed housing height of the object to be printed, surrounded by the seal housing portion of the object to be printed above the insulation effect is not due to the seal housing, or delamination phenomenon occurs, deformation, impact forming effect. 如果定制的密封壳体自身的高度很高,或者是可自由拼接的,虽然可以保证其保温功能,但存在成本较高、拼接不便的问题。 If the custom sealed housing itself at very high altitudes, or may be free of stitching, although it can ensure insulation function, but there is a higher cost, inconvenience splicing problems.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0007] 本发明的一个目的在于提供一种能够改善成型效果的三维打印机。 [0007] An object of the present invention is to provide a molding effect capable of improving the three-dimensional printer.

[0008] 为了实现上述的目的,本发明的三维打印机提供如下技术方案:三维打印机,包括打印平台、设置在打印平台上方的打印头、固定在打印平台上承载三维打印实体的成型座、 沿与打印平台垂直的方向设置的导轨,打印平台的下方设置有加热装置,打印平台四周设置有保温部件,其中,保温部件由可伸缩的弹性材料制成。 [0008] To achieve the above object, a three-dimensional printer of the present invention provides the following technical solutions: a three-dimensional printer comprises a printing platform, disposed print heads on the upper platform, fixed bearing molded base three dimensional printing entities on a printing platform, along with guide rails disposed perpendicular to the printing platform, the platform is provided under the print heating means, the printing platform is provided with four weeks insulation member, wherein the holding member is made of elastic, resilient material.

[0009] 作为本发明的三维打印机的一个优选的技术方案为,保温部件与导轨连接。 [0009] The three-dimensional printer as a preferred aspect of the present invention, for insulation member attached to the rail.

[0010] 作为本发明的三维打印机的另一个优选的技术方案为,保温部件是双层可充气的装置。 [0010] As another preferred aspect of the present invention, three-dimensional printer is, the insulation member is a double inflatable device.

[0011] 作为本发明的三维打印机的又一个优选的技术方案为,保温部件面向三维打印实体的一侧设置有多个小孔。 [0011] As a three-dimensional printer according to the present invention and is a preferred aspect, the insulation member facing the printing side of three-dimensional entities provided with a plurality of apertures.

[0012] 本发明的另一个目的在于提供一种能够改善成型效果的三维打印方法。 [0012] Another object of the present invention to provide a three dimensional printing method capable of improving molding performance.

[0013] 本发明提供的三维打印机的打印方法,三维打印机包括打印平台、设置在打印平台上方的打印头、固定在打印平台上承载三维打印实体的成型座、沿与打印平台垂直的方向设置的导轨,打印平台的下方设置有加热装置,打印平台四周设置有保温部件,保温部件由可伸缩的弹性材料制成,其打印方法包括以下步骤: [0013] Printing method of three-dimensional printer according to the present invention provides a three-dimensional printer comprises a printing platform, disposed print heads on the upper platform, fixed bearing molded base three dimensional printing entities on the printing platform, disposed along a direction the printing platform perpendicular the bottom rail, the printing platform is provided with a heating means, the printing platform is provided with four weeks insulation member, the insulation member is made of elastic, resilient material, which printing method comprising the steps of:

[0014] 在计算机内制作或扫描出需要打印的三维实体的立体模型,并对立体模型进行切片分层,得到所需的三维打印数据,并将三维打印数据提供给三维打印机的控制单元; [0014] Production in a computer or scanned three-dimensional model of the three dimensional entity to be printed, and the three-dimensional model is sliced ​​stratification, to give the desired three-dimensional print data and print data to the three-dimensional three-dimensional printer control unit;

[0015] 启动加热装置,加热装置产生的热流抵达打印平台与保温部件围成的空间内; [0015] The activation of the heating means, heating means for generating heat within the print arrival platform member and a space surrounded insulation;

[0016] 由控制单元控制供料机构向打印头供应成型材料,并根据三维打印数据控制主打印头向成型座逐层喷射熔融后的成型材料; [0016] The control unit controls the feeding mechanism to the print head supplying the molding material, the printhead and control the main molding material is injected into the molten molding base-layer three-dimensional print data;

[0017] 成型材料持续地逐层叠加,固化后形成所需的三维实体。 [0017] The molding material is continuously superposed in layers, the desired three-dimensional solid is formed after curing.

[0018] 作为本发明的三维打印机的打印方法的一个优选的技术方案为,保温部件与导轨连接。 [0018] As a preferred method for printing three-dimensional printer according to the present invention, technical solutions, the insulation member attached to the rail.

[0019] 作为本发明的三维打印机的打印方法的另一个优选的技术方案为,保温部件是双层可充气的装置。 [0019] As another preferred method for printing a three-dimensional printer according to the present invention, technical solutions, the insulation member is a double inflatable device.

[0020] 作为本发明的三维打印机的打印方法的又一个优选的技术方案为,保温部件面向三维打印实体的一侧设置有多个小孔。 [0020] The three-dimensional printer as a printing method of the present invention and is a preferred aspect, the insulation member facing the printing side of three-dimensional entities provided with a plurality of apertures.

[0021] 本发明提供的三维打印机及其打印方法与现有技术相比,三维打印机的打印平台四周设置有保温部件,保温部件由可伸缩的弹性材料制成,这种结构的三维打印机及其打印方法,有效地确保打印物体维持在一个温度范围内,层与层之间温度变化不大,保证了打印质量,保温部件的结构简单,成本低廉,可以根据打印的实际情况随时调整保温部件的高度,克服了由刚性材料做成的保温部件适应性较差及成本较高的问题。 [0021] The three-dimensional printer and printing method of the present invention provides over the prior art, three-dimensional printer provided with a printing platform four weeks insulation member, the insulation member is made of elastic, resilient material, such a structure of the three-dimensional printer and printing method effectively ensures the printing object is maintained within a temperature range, the temperature little change between the layers, to ensure the print quality, a simple structure of the insulation member, low cost, insulation means can adjust the actual situation of the printing height, to overcome the poor insulation material made from a rigid member adaptability and high cost.

附图说明_ BRIEF DESCRIPTION _

[0022] 图1是本发明三维打印机实施例一的结构示意图; [0022] FIG. 1 is a block diagram of a three-dimensional printer of the embodiment of the present invention;

[0023] 图2是本发明三维打印机实施例一隐藏保温部件后的结构示意图; [0023] FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a three-dimensional structure of the printer of the present invention a hidden member after incubation;

[0024] 图3是本发明三维打印机实施例一的仰视图; [0024] FIG. 3 is a bottom view of an embodiment of a three-dimensional printer according to the present invention;

[0025] 图4是本发明三维打印机实施例二的结构示意图; — [0025] FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a three-dimensional printer according to a second embodiment of the present invention; -

[0026] 图5是本发明三维打印机实施例二的保温部件与打印平台连接配合的局部结构示意图。 [0026] FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a partial configuration example of the printing platform and the insulation member connected two cooperating three-dimensional printer according to the present invention.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0027]为了使本发明的目的、技术方案及优点更加清楚明白,以下结合附图及实施例,对本发明进行进一步详细说明。 [0027] To make the objectives, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent hereinafter in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments of the present invention will be further described in detail. 应当理解,此处所描述的具体实施例仅用以解释本发明,并不用于限定本发明。 It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely used to explain the present invention and are not intended to limit the present invention.

[0028] 实施例一: [0028] Example a:

[0029] 如图1、图2、图3所示,本发明提供的三维打印机100,包括打印平台101、设置在打印平台101上方的打印头102、固定在打印平台101上承载三维打印实体103的成型座104、沿与打印平台101垂直的方向设置的导轨105,打印平台101四周设置有保温部件108,打印平台101的下方设置有加热装置109。 [0029] As shown in FIG 1, FIG 2, FIG. 3, the present invention provides a three-dimensional printer 100, the platform 101 includes the printing, the print head is disposed above the printing platform 101,102, fixed platform 101 carried on the three-dimensional printing print entity 103 shaped seat 104, the printing platform along a direction perpendicular to the guide rail 101 is provided 105, the printing platform 101 is provided with four weeks insulation member 108, the printing platform 101 is provided below the heating device 109. 保温部件108是由可伸缩的弹性材料制成,比如可选用耐高温聚酯薄膜(PET膜)、耐高温聚丙烯薄膜(PP膜)等,其上端与打印平台101的固定框106相连接,其下端则套接在成型座104上。 Insulation member 108 is made of elastic, resilient material, such as polyester may use high temperature film (PET film), high temperature polypropylene film (PP film), the printing platform with its upper end 106 of the fixed frame 101 are connected, the lower end of the seat 104 is sleeved on the molding. 保温部件108与导轨105相连接,使得保温部件108环绕在三维打印实体103的四周。 Insulation member 108 is connected to the guide rail 105, such that the insulation member 108 surrounds around the three-dimensional printing entity 103.

[0030] 加热装置109可选用多种加热结构,其产生的热气可自下而上形成循环热气流,通过风扇(未示出)的传送,热风穿过打印平台101和保温部件108的间隙上升到打印平台101 与保温部件108围成的空间内,保证了在打印过程中三维打印实体103周边的温度。 [0030] The heating device 109 may use a variety of heating structure, which produces a hot gas circulating hot air may be from the bottom up, by a fan (not shown) conveying the hot air through the gap holding member 101 and the printing platform 108 is increased the printing platform 101 and the holding member 108 within the space surrounded, to ensure that the temperature of the surrounding three-dimensional printing entity 103 during printing.

[0031]实施例二: [0031] Example II:

[0032]如图4、图5所示,优选地,三维打印机200的保温部件208可以是双层可充气的装置,其面向三维打印实体203的一侧设置有多个小孔(未示出)。 [0032] FIG. 4, FIG. 5, preferably, the insulation member 200 are three-dimensional printer 208 may be a double inflatable device for 3D solid printing side 203 is provided with a plurality of apertures (not shown ). 打印时,热风充入保温部件208的两层之间,使得充气后的保温部件208缓慢膨胀并朝着大致垂直于成型座的方向上升,且始终与三维打印实体203保持一定的间隔。 When printing, the hot air charged between two layers of insulation member 208, so that the inflatable thermal insulation member 208 expands and rises gradually toward a direction substantially perpendicular to the base molding, and always three-dimensional solid print 203 maintain a certain interval. 在风扇2〇7的持续作用下,打印平台2〇1下方加热装置产生的热风传递到打印平台201与保温部件2〇8的围成的空间,并在空间内形成循环。 In the continuous action of the fan 2〇7, hot 2〇1 printing platform below the heating means is transferred to the printing platform 201 and the holding member 2〇8 enclosed space and form a loop in the space.

[0033] 本发明提供一种三维打印机的打印方法,其使用了上述实施例中的三维打印机进行打印,三维打印机包括打印平台、设置在打印平台上方的打印头、固定在打印平台上承载三维打印实体的成型座、沿与打印平台垂直的方向设置的导轨,打印平台的下方设置有加热装置,打印平台四周设置有保温部件,保温部件是由可伸缩的弹性材料制成,其打印方法包括以下步骤: _ [0033] The present invention provides a method for printing three-dimensional printer, which uses the above-described embodiment, the printer to print three-dimensional, three-dimensional printer comprises a printing platform, disposed above the print heads platform, fixed three-dimensional printed on the print carrier platform base molding entity, provided below a direction perpendicular to the printing platform rails disposed, the printing platform with a heating means, the printing platform is provided with four weeks insulation member, the insulation member is made of elastic, resilient material, which method comprises printing step: _

[0034] 在计算机内制作或扫描出需要打印的三维实体的立体模型,并对立体模型进行切片分层,得到所需的三维打印数据,并将三维打印数据提供给三维打印机的控制单元; [0034] Production in a computer or scanned three-dimensional model of the three dimensional entity to be printed, and the three-dimensional model is sliced ​​stratification, to give the desired three-dimensional print data and print data to the three-dimensional three-dimensional printer control unit;

[0035] 启动加热装置,加热装置产生的热流抵达打印平台与保温部件围成的空间内; [0035] The activation of the heating means, means for generating heat within heating arrival platform and print space surrounded insulation member;

[0036] 由控制单元控制供料机构向打印头供应成型材料,并根据三维打印数据控制主打印头向成型座逐层喷射熔融后的成型材料; [0036] The control unit controls the feeding mechanism to the print head supplying the molding material, the printhead and control the main molding material is injected into the molten molding base-layer three-dimensional print data;

[0037] 成型材料持续地逐层叠加,固化后形成所需的三维实体。 [0037] The molding material is continuously superposed in layers, the desired three-dimensional solid is formed after curing.

[0038] 在上述打印方法中,可将三维打印机内的保温部件与导轨连接。 [0038] In the printing method, can be connected with the rail holding member in the three-dimensional printer. 保温部件208可以是双层可充气的装置,此时在保温部件2〇8面向三维打印实体2〇3的:侧设置有多个小孔。 Insulation member 208 may be a double inflatable device, then incubated for three dimensional printing member 2〇8 2〇3 entities: the side provided with a plurality of apertures.

[0039] 本发明提供的三维打印机及其打印方法与现有技术相比,三维打印机的打印平台四周设置有保温部件,保温部件由可伸缩的弹性材料制成,这种结构的三维打印机及其打印方法,有效地确保打印物体维持在一个温度范围内,层与层之间温度变化不大,保证了打印质量,保温部件的结构简单,成本低廉,可以根据打印的实际情况随时调整保温部件的高度,克服了由刚性材料做成的保温部件适应性较差及成本较高的问题。 [0039] The three-dimensional printer and printing method of the present invention provides over the prior art, three-dimensional printer provided with a printing platform four weeks insulation member, the insulation member is made of elastic, resilient material, such a structure of the three-dimensional printer and printing method effectively ensures the printing object is maintained within a temperature range, the temperature little change between the layers, to ensure the print quality, a simple structure of the insulation member, low cost, insulation means can adjust the actual situation of the printing height, to overcome the poor insulation material made from a rigid member adaptability and high cost. 仅限于上述实施!^做出的显而易见的变动以及其他不脱禹本发明的构思的改动也应该包括在本发明专利权利要求的保护范围内。 Limited to the above embodiment! ^ Apparent changes made captive Yu and other concepts of the present invention should also include modifications within the scope of the patent claims of the invention in.

Claims (6)

  1. 1. 三维打印机,包括打印平台、设置在所述打印平台上方的打印头、固定在所述打印平台上承载三维打印实体的成型座、沿与所述打印平台垂直的方向设置的导轨,所述打印平台的下方设置有加热装置,所述打印平台四周设置有保温部件,其特征在于:、 、、 所述保温部件由可伸缩的弹性材料制成;且所述保温部件与所述导轨相连接,使所述保温部件环绕在所述三维打印实体的四周。 1. The three-dimensional printer, comprising a printing platform, disposed in the print head over the printing platform, forming a fixed bearing base a three-dimensional printing of solid printing platform on the rail in the direction perpendicular to the printing platform disposed, the platform disposed below the print heating means, the printing platform with a set around the insulation member, wherein:,,, the insulation member is made of elastic, resilient material; and said insulating member is connected to the guide rail , the insulation member surrounding the three-dimensional printing in four weeks entity.
  2. 2. 根据权利要求1所述的三维打印机,其特征在于: 所述保温部件是双层可充气的装置。 The three-dimensional printer according to claim 1, wherein: said holding member is a double inflatable device.
  3. 3. 根据权利要求2所述的三维打印机,其特征在于: 所述保温部件面向所述三维打印实体的一侧设置有多个小孔。 3. The three-dimensional printer according to claim 2, wherein: the insulation member facing the printing side of three-dimensional entities provided with a plurality of apertures.
  4. 4. 三维打印机的打印方法,所述三维打印机包括打印平台、设置在所述打印平台上方的打印头、固定在所述打印平台上承载三维打印实体的成型座、沿与所述打印平台垂直的方向设置的导轨,所述打印平台四周设置有保温部件,所述打印平台的下方设置有加热装置,所述打印平台四周设置有保温部件,所述保温部件由可伸缩的弹性材料制成,且所述保温部件与所述导轨相连接,使所述保温部件环绕在所述三维打印实体的四周,所述打印方法包括以下步骤: _ 在计算机内制作或扫描出需要打印的三维实体的立体模型,并对所述立体模型进行切片分层,得到所需的三维打印数据,并将所述三维打印数据提供给所述三维打印机的控制单元; > i 启动所述加热装置,所述加热装置产生的热流抵达所述打印平台与所述保温部件围成的空间内; _ 由所述控制单 4. A three-dimensional printer printing method, the printing platform comprising a three-dimensional printer, the print head is disposed above the printing platform, forming a fixed bearing base a three-dimensional solid printing on said printing platform, a direction perpendicular to the printing platform rail direction, the printing platform with a set around the insulation member, below the printing platform is provided with heating means, the printing platform with a set around the insulation member, the insulation member is made of elastic, resilient material, and the insulation member and the guide rail is connected to the holding member surrounds four weeks in the three-dimensional solid printing, the printing method comprising the steps of: scanning a perspective _ making or three-dimensional solid model to be printed in the computer , the three-dimensional model is sliced ​​and layered, to give the desired three-dimensional print data, and the three-dimensional print data to the three-dimensional printer control unit;> i activating the heating means, said heating means generating the heat flow reaching the printing platform and the inner space surrounded by the insulation member; _ the control of a single 控制供料机构向所述打印头供应成型材料,并根据所述三维打印数据控制主打印头向所述成型座逐层喷射熔融后的成型材料; 所述成型材料持续地逐层叠加,固化后形成所需的三维实体。 After the molding material is continuously superimposed layer by layer, to solidify; controlling the feed means supplying the molding material to the print head, the print head and controls the main base molding material to the molding after melt injection layer by layer according to the three-dimensional print data to form the desired three-dimensional solid.
  5. 5. 根据权利要求4所述的三维打印机的打印方法,其特征在于: 所述保温部件是双层可充气的装置。 A printing method according to the three-dimensional printer according to claim, wherein: said holding member is a double inflatable device.
  6. 6. 根据权利要求5所述的三维打印机的打印方法,其特征在于: 所述保温部件面向所述三维打印实体的一侧设置有多个小孔。 The printing method according to claim 3D printer, wherein: the insulation member facing the printing side of the three dimensional entity provided with a plurality of apertures.
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