New self-loading and unloading type sanitation cart
The present invention relates to a kind of cram packer technical field, more particularly to a kind of new self-loading and unloading type sanitation cart.
With being continuously increased for municipal refuse yield, Outskirts of City is available for the suitable place of landfill fewer and fewer, according to statistics,
Domestic several metropolitan destructor plants apart from urban district in more than 50Km, thus caused garbage transporting distance increase,
The increase of cram packer quantity and freight charges can be caused, and increase urban traffic congestion degree.In some developed country's traffic expenses
With having accounted for more than the 80% of garbage disposal expense.
Using common garbage transporting mode now, because the waste density of natural packing in transport vehicle box body is smaller, no
The carrying capacity of haulage vehicle can be made full use of, so as to cause the non-utilized cargo dead weight during garbage transporting, causes waste transportation efficiency low.
The content of the invention
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are to provide a kind of to enter the rubbish for pouring into natural packing in casing
Row compression volume reduction, compression ratio is big, beneficial to conevying efficiency is improved, reduces the new self-loading and unloading type sanitation cart of garbage transporting expense.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical scheme is that：New self-loading and unloading type sanitation cart, including installed in car
Casing on body, the top of the casing is provided with rubbish feeding mouth, and the rear end of the casing is provided with refuse-unloading mouthful, the casing
Refuse-unloading mouthful end be hinged with rear baffle, the casing and extension bucket is installed turns over barrel, in addition to：
Hydraulic control device, anterior located at the casing, the control connection extension bucket turns over barrel；
Shoveling compression set, located at the bottom half, is connected with the hydraulic control device, for that will enter from rubbish
The rubbish entered at material mouth in casing is urged to the casing rear portion；
Stock guide, the bottom of rear end in the casing are compressed, and is tilted rearwardly and upwardly extended；
Synchronous locking device, between the casing and the rear baffle.
As preferred technical scheme, the rear baffle inwall is in the arcuate structure of depression, the rear baffle bottom welding
There is lower baffle plate, the rear end of the compression stock guide is tilted to the rear baffle to be extended.
As preferred technical scheme, the shoveling compression set includes being slidably mounted on the shoveling of the bottom half,
The shoveling is connected with two hydraulic jacks, and the hydraulic jack connects the hydraulic control device.
As preferred technical scheme, the interlaced arrangement of hydraulic jack described in two.
As preferred technical scheme, the slide plate for being provided with and being used for covering the shoveling sliding cavity is slided on the shoveling top,
Guide position limiter is provided between the slide plate and the shoveling.
As preferred technical scheme, the guide position limiter includes the guide rail that the shoveling top is provided with, the cunning
Plate bottom is provided with the sliding block being engaged with the guide rail.
As preferred technical scheme, the synchronous locking device includes the synchronous locking that the box back both sides are provided with
Oil cylinder, the telescopic end of the synchronous locking cylinder is connected with locking jaw, and the locking jaw is hinged with the casing；The rear baffle
Provided with the locking pin used cooperatively with the locking jaw.
As preferred technical scheme, the box back both sides are hinged with position-limited claw, and the rear baffle is provided with and institute
State the spacer pin that position-limited claw is used cooperatively.
As preferred technical scheme, material feeding baffle and work are provided with positioned at the lower section of the rubbish feeding mouth in the casing
Has dividing plate, the material feeding baffle bottom level is provided with compression backplate, and the material feeding baffle, instrument dividing plate and compression backplate will be described
Box house is defined as tool storage area, rubbish material feeding region, compressional zone and four, rubbish storage area region.
By adopting the above-described technical solution, the present invention has at least following beneficial effect：
(1) lifting device is controlled to reach dustbin lifting after certain angle to casing top by hydraulic control device,
Rubbish is poured into box house, reliable and stable, operating efficiency height is controlled；
(2) shoveling is promoted using double oil cylinder arranged crosswises, high density pressure is carried out to the loose rubbish for pouring into box house
Contracting, compression ratio is big；Slided in shoveling and be provided with slide plate, can prevented rubbish from entering in shoveling sliding cavity, be adopted between shoveling and slide plate
Positioned with rail mounted, can anti-limited slip plate offset to one side, control operation and safeguard it is easy to use；
(3) whole casing division of labor tool storage area, rubbish material feeding region, compressional zone and four, rubbish storage area region, space section
Save, utilization rate is high；Rear baffle is using the design of special radian and lower block plate weld, while be tiltedly installed with compression stock guide, can be with
Enable to produce upward component after garbage-compressing and be tipping up, so that casing gradually is pressed into full, beneficial to compression ratio is improved, fully carry
High vehicle carried and transported amount, improves transport efficacy, reduces garbage transporting expense；
(4) locking jaw is driven using the synchronous locking cylinder in the left and right sides, realizes and automatically turn on closing, it is ensured that compressing greatly
Than in the case of, casing rear baffle sealed reliable.
Brief description of the drawings
The following drawings is only intended to, in doing schematic illustration and explanation to the present invention, not delimit the scope of the invention.Wherein：
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention；
Fig. 2 is the partial side elevation view of the embodiment of the present invention；
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of shoveling compression set；
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of casing；
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of synchronous locking device；
Fig. 6 is view when being dumped rubbish into casing；
Fig. 7 be rubbish enter casing in when view；
Fig. 8 is view when rubbish is compressed；
Fig. 9 is view when casing lays down rubbish.
In figure：100- car bodies；200- casings；210- rubbish feeding mouths；220- refuse-unloadings mouthful；230- rear baffles；240-
Compress stock guide；250- lower baffle plates；260- material feeding baffles；270- instrument dividing plates；280- compresses backplate；The lifting of 300- dustbins is led
To device；400- hangs barrel；500- lifting devices；510- lift cylinders；520- lift arms；600- hydraulic control devices；
700- shoveling compression sets；710- shovelings；720- hydraulic jacks；730- slide plates；731- shield portions；740- sliding cavities；800- is same
Walk locking device；810- synchronization locking cylinders；820- locking jaws；830- locking pins；840- position-limited claws；850- spacer pins；900-
With reference to the accompanying drawings and examples, the present invention is expanded on further.In the following detailed description, only explanation is passed through
Mode describes some one exemplary embodiments of the present invention.Undoubtedly, one of ordinary skill in the art will recognize,
In the case of without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, described embodiment can be repaiied with a variety of modes
Just.Therefore, accompanying drawing and description are inherently illustrative, are not intended to limit the scope of the claims.
As shown in Figures 1 to 9, new self-loading and unloading type sanitation cart, including the casing 200 on car body 100, the case
The top of body 200 is provided with rubbish feeding mouth 210, and the rear end of the casing is provided with refuse-unloading mouthful 220, the rubbish of the casing 200
Rubbish discharge port end, which is hinged with rear baffle 230, the casing, to be provided with extension bucket and turns over barrel, and the extension bucket, which turns over barrel, includes institute
State on the dustbin lifting guider 300 being fixedly mounted on the side wall of casing 200, the dustbin lifting guider 300
Extension barrel 400 is installed, the extension barrel 400 is connected with lifting device 500, in addition to：
Hydraulic control device 600, the control connection lifting device 500 anterior located at the casing 200；
Shoveling compression set 700, located at the bottom of casing 200, is connected with the hydraulic control device 600, is used for
The rubbish entered at rubbish feeding mouth 210 in casing is urged to the rear portion of casing 200；
Stock guide 240, the bottom of rear end in the casing 200 are compressed, and is tilted rearwardly and upwardly extended；
Synchronous locking device 800, between the casing 200 and the rear baffle 230.
Preferably, the inwall of rear baffle 230 sets the arcuate structure being in depression, and the bottom of rear baffle 230 is welded with down
Baffle plate 250, the rear end of the compression stock guide 240 is tilted to the rear baffle 230 to be extended, with reference to Fig. 4 and Fig. 8.Rear baffle 230
Welded, while being tiltedly installed with compression stock guide, can made after garbage-compressing with lower baffle plate 250 using this special radian design
Producing upward component can be tipping up, so that casing gradually is pressed into full, beneficial to compression ratio is improved, fully improve vehicle carrying fortune
Throughput rate, improves transport efficacy, so as to reduce garbage transporting expense.
With reference to Fig. 1 and Fig. 3, the shoveling compression set 700 includes being slidably mounted on the shoveling of the bottom of casing 200
710, the shoveling 710 is connected with two hydraulic jacks 720, the interlaced arrangement of hydraulic jack 720 described in best two, the hydraulic pressure
Oil cylinder 720 connects the hydraulic control device 600.Slide to be provided with and slided for covering the shoveling 710 in the top of shoveling 710
The slide plate 730 of chamber 740, is provided with guide position limiter between the slide plate 730 and the shoveling 710.The guide position limiter
The guide rail being provided with including the shoveling top, the slide plate bottom is provided with the sliding block being engaged with the guide rail.Using double oil cylinders
Arranged crosswise promote shoveling 710, to pour into box house loose rubbish carry out it is high density compressed, compression ratio is big；In shoveling
Slide and be provided with slide plate 730, can prevent rubbish from entering in the sliding cavity of shoveling 710, it is flexible that slide plate 730 can be constituted using more piece
Plate can also use entire plate, but no matter use expansion plate or entire plate, and the rear end of slide plate is (close to the one of refuse-unloading mouthful
End) preferably tilt down setting and form shield portion 731, to avoid rubbish from entering in the sliding cavity of shoveling 710, so as to improve effect of screening
Really；Between shoveling 710 and slide plate 730 using rail mounted position, can anti-limited slip plate offset to one side, control operation and maintenance make
With reference to Fig. 1 and Fig. 5, the synchronous locking device 800 includes the synchronous locking that the rear end both sides of casing 200 are provided with
Oil cylinder 810, the telescopic end of the synchronous locking cylinder 810 is connected with locking jaw 820, the locking jaw 820 and the casing 200
It is hinged；The rear baffle 230 is provided with the locking pin 830 used cooperatively with the locking jaw 820.Using left and right sides synchrolock
Locking oil cylinder drives locking jaw, realizes and automatically turns on closing, it can be ensured that in the case of big compression ratio, and the sealing of casing rear baffle can
Lean on.Locked as auxiliary stopper, be also hinged with position-limited claw 840, the rear gear in the present embodiment in the rear end both sides of casing 200
Plate 230 is provided with the spacer pin 850 used cooperatively with the position-limited claw 840, after discharging is finished, can first pass through position-limited claw 840
After the locked position that rear baffle is limited with spacer pin 850, then by the synchronous realization of locking device 800 locking, one can be entered
Step improves operation convenience and sealing reliability.
With reference to Fig. 1 and Fig. 4, material feeding baffle 260 is provided with positioned at the lower section of the rubbish feeding mouth 210 in the casing 200
With instrument dividing plate 270, the bottom level of material feeding baffle 260 is provided with compression backplate 280, the material feeding baffle 260, instrument dividing plate
The box house is defined as tool storage area A, rubbish material feeding region B, compressional zone C and rubbish storage by 270 with compression backplate 280
Tetra- regions of area D, make casing overall construction design compact, and rationally, utilization rate is high, is that shoveling compression set realizes rubbish for spatial design
The high concentration of rubbish compresses condition of providing convenience.
With reference to Fig. 2, lifting device 500 described in the present embodiment includes the material mouth lid at the rubbish feeding mouth 210
Plate, the material mouth cover plate both sides are hinged with lift cylinder 510, and the lift cylinder 510 connects the hydraulic control device 600；
The material mouth cover plate is hinged with lift arm 520 close to the end both sides of the extension barrel, the lower end of lift arm 520 with it is described
Barrel 400 is hung to connect.Barrel 400 is hung can no longer to be repeated herein using known common structure.In addition, the rubbish
Rubbish bucket lifting guider 300 can be arranged in parallel two guide plates on the outer wall of casing 200, set and be oriented in guide plate
The structures such as groove are realized, naturally it is also possible to can realize other known common structures of guide function using the art.
With reference to Fig. 6 to Fig. 9, the course of work of the present invention is as follows：
Control lifting device that dustbin 900 is lifted into casing top by hydraulic control device to reach after certain angle,
Rubbish is poured into box house；Hydraulic jack driving shoveling is moved to box back, the rubbish entered out of rubbish feeding mouth
It is moved rearwards by under the thrust of shoveling, under the special arc curve effect of compression stock guide and rear baffle formation, rubbish
Upward component is produced after compression to be tipping up, so that casing gradually is pressed into full, is effectively realized natural in casing to pouring into
The garbage-compressing volume reduction of accumulation, compression ratio is big, improves transport efficacy, reduces garbage transporting expense.
Schematical embodiment of the invention is the foregoing is only, the scope of the present invention is not limited to.It is any
Those skilled in the art, made equivalent variations and modification on the premise of the design of the present invention and principle is not departed from,
The scope of protection of the invention should be belonged to.