CN105059798B - New self-loading and unloading type sanitation cart - Google Patents

New self-loading and unloading type sanitation cart Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105059798B
CN105059798B CN201510420753.2A CN201510420753A CN105059798B CN 105059798 B CN105059798 B CN 105059798B CN 201510420753 A CN201510420753 A CN 201510420753A CN 105059798 B CN105059798 B CN 105059798B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
casing
baffle
rubbish
shoveling
compression
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510420753.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105059798A (en
Inventor
牟江涛
张红欣
张经勇
曹海鹏
相茂国
Original Assignee
山东五征集团有限公司
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Application filed by 山东五征集团有限公司 filed Critical 山东五征集团有限公司
Priority to CN201510420753.2A priority Critical patent/CN105059798B/en
Publication of CN105059798A publication Critical patent/CN105059798A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105059798B publication Critical patent/CN105059798B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of new self-loading and unloading type sanitation cart, including the casing on car body, the top of the casing is provided with rubbish feeding mouth, the rear end of the casing is provided with refuse-unloading mouthful, the refuse-unloading mouthful end of the casing is hinged with rear baffle, extension bucket is installed on the casing and turns over barrel, in addition to control connection is described hangs hydraulic control device, the shoveling compression set for the rubbish entered at rubbish feeding mouth in casing to be urged into the casing rear portion, the compression stock guide and synchronous locking device that are obliquely installed rearwardly and upwardly that bucket turns over barrel.Overall construction design of the present invention rationally, can carry out being effectively compressed volume reduction, compression ratio is big, beneficial to conevying efficiency is improved, reduces garbage transporting expense to the rubbish for pouring into natural packing in casing.

Description

New self-loading and unloading type sanitation cart
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of cram packer technical field, more particularly to a kind of new self-loading and unloading type sanitation cart.
Background technology
With being continuously increased for municipal refuse yield, Outskirts of City is available for the suitable place of landfill fewer and fewer, according to statistics, Domestic several metropolitan destructor plants apart from urban district in more than 50Km, thus caused garbage transporting distance increase, The increase of cram packer quantity and freight charges can be caused, and increase urban traffic congestion degree.In some developed country's traffic expenses With having accounted for more than the 80% of garbage disposal expense.
Using common garbage transporting mode now, because the waste density of natural packing in transport vehicle box body is smaller, no The carrying capacity of haulage vehicle can be made full use of, so as to cause the non-utilized cargo dead weight during garbage transporting, causes waste transportation efficiency low.
The content of the invention
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are to provide a kind of to enter the rubbish for pouring into natural packing in casing Row compression volume reduction, compression ratio is big, beneficial to conevying efficiency is improved, reduces the new self-loading and unloading type sanitation cart of garbage transporting expense.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical scheme is that:New self-loading and unloading type sanitation cart, including installed in car Casing on body, the top of the casing is provided with rubbish feeding mouth, and the rear end of the casing is provided with refuse-unloading mouthful, the casing Refuse-unloading mouthful end be hinged with rear baffle, the casing and extension bucket is installed turns over barrel, in addition to:
Hydraulic control device, anterior located at the casing, the control connection extension bucket turns over barrel;
Shoveling compression set, located at the bottom half, is connected with the hydraulic control device, for that will enter from rubbish The rubbish entered at material mouth in casing is urged to the casing rear portion;
Stock guide, the bottom of rear end in the casing are compressed, and is tilted rearwardly and upwardly extended;
Synchronous locking device, between the casing and the rear baffle.
As preferred technical scheme, the rear baffle inwall is in the arcuate structure of depression, the rear baffle bottom welding There is lower baffle plate, the rear end of the compression stock guide is tilted to the rear baffle to be extended.
As preferred technical scheme, the shoveling compression set includes being slidably mounted on the shoveling of the bottom half, The shoveling is connected with two hydraulic jacks, and the hydraulic jack connects the hydraulic control device.
As preferred technical scheme, the interlaced arrangement of hydraulic jack described in two.
As preferred technical scheme, the slide plate for being provided with and being used for covering the shoveling sliding cavity is slided on the shoveling top, Guide position limiter is provided between the slide plate and the shoveling.
As preferred technical scheme, the guide position limiter includes the guide rail that the shoveling top is provided with, the cunning Plate bottom is provided with the sliding block being engaged with the guide rail.
As preferred technical scheme, the synchronous locking device includes the synchronous locking that the box back both sides are provided with Oil cylinder, the telescopic end of the synchronous locking cylinder is connected with locking jaw, and the locking jaw is hinged with the casing;The rear baffle Provided with the locking pin used cooperatively with the locking jaw.
As preferred technical scheme, the box back both sides are hinged with position-limited claw, and the rear baffle is provided with and institute State the spacer pin that position-limited claw is used cooperatively.
As preferred technical scheme, material feeding baffle and work are provided with positioned at the lower section of the rubbish feeding mouth in the casing Has dividing plate, the material feeding baffle bottom level is provided with compression backplate, and the material feeding baffle, instrument dividing plate and compression backplate will be described Box house is defined as tool storage area, rubbish material feeding region, compressional zone and four, rubbish storage area region.
By adopting the above-described technical solution, the present invention has at least following beneficial effect:
(1) lifting device is controlled to reach dustbin lifting after certain angle to casing top by hydraulic control device, Rubbish is poured into box house, reliable and stable, operating efficiency height is controlled;
(2) shoveling is promoted using double oil cylinder arranged crosswises, high density pressure is carried out to the loose rubbish for pouring into box house Contracting, compression ratio is big;Slided in shoveling and be provided with slide plate, can prevented rubbish from entering in shoveling sliding cavity, be adopted between shoveling and slide plate Positioned with rail mounted, can anti-limited slip plate offset to one side, control operation and safeguard it is easy to use;
(3) whole casing division of labor tool storage area, rubbish material feeding region, compressional zone and four, rubbish storage area region, space section Save, utilization rate is high;Rear baffle is using the design of special radian and lower block plate weld, while be tiltedly installed with compression stock guide, can be with Enable to produce upward component after garbage-compressing and be tipping up, so that casing gradually is pressed into full, beneficial to compression ratio is improved, fully carry High vehicle carried and transported amount, improves transport efficacy, reduces garbage transporting expense;
(4) locking jaw is driven using the synchronous locking cylinder in the left and right sides, realizes and automatically turn on closing, it is ensured that compressing greatly Than in the case of, casing rear baffle sealed reliable.
Brief description of the drawings
The following drawings is only intended to, in doing schematic illustration and explanation to the present invention, not delimit the scope of the invention.Wherein:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the partial side elevation view of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of shoveling compression set;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of casing;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of synchronous locking device;
Fig. 6 is view when being dumped rubbish into casing;
Fig. 7 be rubbish enter casing in when view;
Fig. 8 is view when rubbish is compressed;
Fig. 9 is view when casing lays down rubbish.
In figure:100- car bodies;200- casings;210- rubbish feeding mouths;220- refuse-unloadings mouthful;230- rear baffles;240- Compress stock guide;250- lower baffle plates;260- material feeding baffles;270- instrument dividing plates;280- compresses backplate;The lifting of 300- dustbins is led To device;400- hangs barrel;500- lifting devices;510- lift cylinders;520- lift arms;600- hydraulic control devices; 700- shoveling compression sets;710- shovelings;720- hydraulic jacks;730- slide plates;731- shield portions;740- sliding cavities;800- is same Walk locking device;810- synchronization locking cylinders;820- locking jaws;830- locking pins;840- position-limited claws;850- spacer pins;900- Dustbin.
Embodiment
With reference to the accompanying drawings and examples, the present invention is expanded on further.In the following detailed description, only explanation is passed through Mode describes some one exemplary embodiments of the present invention.Undoubtedly, one of ordinary skill in the art will recognize, In the case of without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, described embodiment can be repaiied with a variety of modes Just.Therefore, accompanying drawing and description are inherently illustrative, are not intended to limit the scope of the claims.
As shown in Figures 1 to 9, new self-loading and unloading type sanitation cart, including the casing 200 on car body 100, the case The top of body 200 is provided with rubbish feeding mouth 210, and the rear end of the casing is provided with refuse-unloading mouthful 220, the rubbish of the casing 200 Rubbish discharge port end, which is hinged with rear baffle 230, the casing, to be provided with extension bucket and turns over barrel, and the extension bucket, which turns over barrel, includes institute State on the dustbin lifting guider 300 being fixedly mounted on the side wall of casing 200, the dustbin lifting guider 300 Extension barrel 400 is installed, the extension barrel 400 is connected with lifting device 500, in addition to:
Hydraulic control device 600, the control connection lifting device 500 anterior located at the casing 200;
Shoveling compression set 700, located at the bottom of casing 200, is connected with the hydraulic control device 600, is used for The rubbish entered at rubbish feeding mouth 210 in casing is urged to the rear portion of casing 200;
Stock guide 240, the bottom of rear end in the casing 200 are compressed, and is tilted rearwardly and upwardly extended;
Synchronous locking device 800, between the casing 200 and the rear baffle 230.
Preferably, the inwall of rear baffle 230 sets the arcuate structure being in depression, and the bottom of rear baffle 230 is welded with down Baffle plate 250, the rear end of the compression stock guide 240 is tilted to the rear baffle 230 to be extended, with reference to Fig. 4 and Fig. 8.Rear baffle 230 Welded, while being tiltedly installed with compression stock guide, can made after garbage-compressing with lower baffle plate 250 using this special radian design Producing upward component can be tipping up, so that casing gradually is pressed into full, beneficial to compression ratio is improved, fully improve vehicle carrying fortune Throughput rate, improves transport efficacy, so as to reduce garbage transporting expense.
With reference to Fig. 1 and Fig. 3, the shoveling compression set 700 includes being slidably mounted on the shoveling of the bottom of casing 200 710, the shoveling 710 is connected with two hydraulic jacks 720, the interlaced arrangement of hydraulic jack 720 described in best two, the hydraulic pressure Oil cylinder 720 connects the hydraulic control device 600.Slide to be provided with and slided for covering the shoveling 710 in the top of shoveling 710 The slide plate 730 of chamber 740, is provided with guide position limiter between the slide plate 730 and the shoveling 710.The guide position limiter The guide rail being provided with including the shoveling top, the slide plate bottom is provided with the sliding block being engaged with the guide rail.Using double oil cylinders Arranged crosswise promote shoveling 710, to pour into box house loose rubbish carry out it is high density compressed, compression ratio is big;In shoveling Slide and be provided with slide plate 730, can prevent rubbish from entering in the sliding cavity of shoveling 710, it is flexible that slide plate 730 can be constituted using more piece Plate can also use entire plate, but no matter use expansion plate or entire plate, and the rear end of slide plate is (close to the one of refuse-unloading mouthful End) preferably tilt down setting and form shield portion 731, to avoid rubbish from entering in the sliding cavity of shoveling 710, so as to improve effect of screening Really;Between shoveling 710 and slide plate 730 using rail mounted position, can anti-limited slip plate offset to one side, control operation and maintenance make With conveniently.
With reference to Fig. 1 and Fig. 5, the synchronous locking device 800 includes the synchronous locking that the rear end both sides of casing 200 are provided with Oil cylinder 810, the telescopic end of the synchronous locking cylinder 810 is connected with locking jaw 820, the locking jaw 820 and the casing 200 It is hinged;The rear baffle 230 is provided with the locking pin 830 used cooperatively with the locking jaw 820.Using left and right sides synchrolock Locking oil cylinder drives locking jaw, realizes and automatically turns on closing, it can be ensured that in the case of big compression ratio, and the sealing of casing rear baffle can Lean on.Locked as auxiliary stopper, be also hinged with position-limited claw 840, the rear gear in the present embodiment in the rear end both sides of casing 200 Plate 230 is provided with the spacer pin 850 used cooperatively with the position-limited claw 840, after discharging is finished, can first pass through position-limited claw 840 After the locked position that rear baffle is limited with spacer pin 850, then by the synchronous realization of locking device 800 locking, one can be entered Step improves operation convenience and sealing reliability.
With reference to Fig. 1 and Fig. 4, material feeding baffle 260 is provided with positioned at the lower section of the rubbish feeding mouth 210 in the casing 200 With instrument dividing plate 270, the bottom level of material feeding baffle 260 is provided with compression backplate 280, the material feeding baffle 260, instrument dividing plate The box house is defined as tool storage area A, rubbish material feeding region B, compressional zone C and rubbish storage by 270 with compression backplate 280 Tetra- regions of area D, make casing overall construction design compact, and rationally, utilization rate is high, is that shoveling compression set realizes rubbish for spatial design The high concentration of rubbish compresses condition of providing convenience.
With reference to Fig. 2, lifting device 500 described in the present embodiment includes the material mouth lid at the rubbish feeding mouth 210 Plate, the material mouth cover plate both sides are hinged with lift cylinder 510, and the lift cylinder 510 connects the hydraulic control device 600; The material mouth cover plate is hinged with lift arm 520 close to the end both sides of the extension barrel, the lower end of lift arm 520 with it is described Barrel 400 is hung to connect.Barrel 400 is hung can no longer to be repeated herein using known common structure.In addition, the rubbish Rubbish bucket lifting guider 300 can be arranged in parallel two guide plates on the outer wall of casing 200, set and be oriented in guide plate The structures such as groove are realized, naturally it is also possible to can realize other known common structures of guide function using the art.
With reference to Fig. 6 to Fig. 9, the course of work of the present invention is as follows:
Control lifting device that dustbin 900 is lifted into casing top by hydraulic control device to reach after certain angle, Rubbish is poured into box house;Hydraulic jack driving shoveling is moved to box back, the rubbish entered out of rubbish feeding mouth It is moved rearwards by under the thrust of shoveling, under the special arc curve effect of compression stock guide and rear baffle formation, rubbish Upward component is produced after compression to be tipping up, so that casing gradually is pressed into full, is effectively realized natural in casing to pouring into The garbage-compressing volume reduction of accumulation, compression ratio is big, improves transport efficacy, reduces garbage transporting expense.
Schematical embodiment of the invention is the foregoing is only, the scope of the present invention is not limited to.It is any Those skilled in the art, made equivalent variations and modification on the premise of the design of the present invention and principle is not departed from, The scope of protection of the invention should be belonged to.

Claims (2)

1. new self-loading and unloading type sanitation cart, including the casing on car body, the top of the casing are provided with rubbish feeding mouth, The rear end of the casing is provided with refuse-unloading mouthful, and the refuse-unloading mouthful end of the casing, which is hinged with rear baffle, the casing, pacifies Barrel is turned over equipped with bucket is hung, it is characterised in that also included:
Hydraulic control device, anterior located at the casing, the control connection extension bucket turns over barrel;
Shoveling compression set, located at the bottom half, is connected with the hydraulic control device, for will be from rubbish feeding mouth The rubbish that place enters in casing is urged to the casing rear portion;The shoveling compression set includes being slidably mounted on the casing bottom The shoveling in portion, the shoveling is connected with two hydraulic jacks, and the hydraulic jack connects the hydraulic control device;Hydraulic pressure described in two The interlaced arrangement of oil cylinder;The slide plate for being provided with and being used for covering the shoveling sliding cavity is slided on the shoveling top, the slide plate with Guide position limiter is provided between the shoveling;The guide position limiter includes the guide rail that the shoveling top is provided with, described Slide plate bottom is provided with the sliding block being engaged with the guide rail;
Stock guide, the bottom of rear end in the casing are compressed, and is tilted rearwardly and upwardly extended;
Synchronous locking device, between the casing and the rear baffle;The synchronous locking device is included after the casing The synchronous locking cylinder that end both sides are provided with, the telescopic end of the synchronous locking cylinder is connected with locking jaw, the locking jaw and institute Casing is stated to be hinged;The rear baffle is provided with the locking pin used cooperatively with the locking jaw;
The rear baffle inwall is in the arcuate structure of depression, and the rear baffle bottom is welded with lower baffle plate, the compression stock guide Rear end to the rear baffle tilt extend;
In the casing material feeding baffle and instrument dividing plate, the material feeding baffle bottom are provided with positioned at the lower section of the rubbish feeding mouth The box house is defined as tool storage by level provided with compression backplate, the material feeding baffle, instrument dividing plate and compression backplate Area, rubbish material feeding region, compressional zone and four, rubbish storage area region.
2. new self-loading and unloading type sanitation cart as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The box back both sides are hinged limited Position pawl, the rear baffle is provided with the spacer pin used cooperatively with the position-limited claw.
CN201510420753.2A 2015-07-16 2015-07-16 New self-loading and unloading type sanitation cart CN105059798B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510420753.2A CN105059798B (en) 2015-07-16 2015-07-16 New self-loading and unloading type sanitation cart

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510420753.2A CN105059798B (en) 2015-07-16 2015-07-16 New self-loading and unloading type sanitation cart

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CN105059798A CN105059798A (en) 2015-11-18
CN105059798B true CN105059798B (en) 2017-10-13

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105600243B (en) * 2015-12-25 2017-12-05 湖南大学科技园有限公司 The rubbish compressing mechanism and its control method of side loading type garbage truck
CN105540116A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-05-04 湖南大学科技园有限公司 Garbage compression device and garbage truck
CN106429125B (en) * 2016-12-02 2019-09-13 湖南大学 Have the railway carriage and garbage truck of size shoveling joint compression set
CA3100203A1 (en) * 2018-05-22 2019-11-28 Oshkosh Corporation Refuse vehicle body assembly

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE913877C (en) * 1943-03-06 1954-06-21 Streicher Fa M Loading device for garbage trucks by means of a lifting and tilting device operated with compressed air
DE3720442C2 (en) * 1987-06-19 1989-05-03 Edelhoff Polytechnik Gmbh & Co, 5860 Iserlohn, De
US4877366A (en) * 1988-04-22 1989-10-31 Quinto De Filippi Refuse vehicle
CN1166441A (en) * 1996-05-29 1997-12-03 卡恩制造公司 Multi-compartmentalized dumping body with movable floor
CN2501853Y (en) * 2001-11-01 2002-07-24 长沙市环卫机械厂 Side-charging type compressing refuse vehicle
CN2547690Y (en) * 2002-06-21 2003-04-30 秦皇岛秦云科联环境工程有限公司 Self-discharging garbage vehicle
CN101628655B (en) * 2008-07-17 2012-06-27 扬州市金威机械有限公司 Device for opening and closing back door of rubbish bin
CN104016049B (en) * 2014-05-30 2016-05-18 徐州徐工环境技术有限公司 A kind of side loading compression type garbage truck
CN204872383U (en) * 2015-07-16 2015-12-16 山东五征集团有限公司 Novel from loading and unloading formula sanitation car

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Effective date of registration: 20190513

Address after: 262300 Wuzheng Automobile City, Northern Economic Development Zone, Wulian County, Rizhao City, Shandong Province

Patentee after: Shandong Wuzheng environmental Polytron Technologies Inc

Address before: 262300 Wuzheng Automobile City, Rizhao North Industrial Park, Wulian County, Rizhao City, Shandong Province

Patentee before: Shandong Wuzheng Group Co., Ltd.