CN105034805A - Method and device for monitoring driving behaviors of driver - Google Patents

Method and device for monitoring driving behaviors of driver Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105034805A
CN105034805A CN201510548567.7A CN201510548567A CN105034805A CN 105034805 A CN105034805 A CN 105034805A CN 201510548567 A CN201510548567 A CN 201510548567A CN 105034805 A CN105034805 A CN 105034805A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
driver
driving behavior
driving
monitoring
unsafe
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510548567.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李祥春
聂百胜
赵艺良
杨春丽
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中国矿业大学(北京)
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by 中国矿业大学(北京) filed Critical 中国矿业大学(北京)
Priority to CN201510548567.7A priority Critical patent/CN105034805A/en
Publication of CN105034805A publication Critical patent/CN105034805A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a method and device for monitoring the driving behaviors of a driver. The device comprises an identification input system, an identification output system and a control output system which are connected. The identification input system comprises a probe and an inductor. The identification output system comprises a voice device and a caution light. The control output system comprises a speed reducing device and an accelerator control device. The driving behaviors of the driver are monitored through the probe and the inductor of the identification input system. After fatigue driving or other unsafe behaviors are found out, the voice device of the identification output system gives out caution voice and the caution light of the identification output system flickers for prompt; if fatigue driving or other unsafe driving behaviors are continued after the prompt, the speed reducing device and the accelerator control device of the control output system automatically control speed reduction and pulling over at a proper position. The method and device have the advantages of being simple, direct, efficient, accurate, and capable of effectively solving the problems of fatigue driving or other unsafe driving behaviors of the driver, reducing traffic accidents greatly and promoting fast social development.

Description

A kind of driver driving behavior monitoring method and device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of vehicle security drive technology, particularly relate to a kind of driver driving behavior monitoring method and device.
Background technology
Along with the fast development of Chinese society doctrine modernization construction, the daily life of the people poured into by increasing automobile, be very easy to the trip of the people on the one hand, but another aspect emerging in multitude due to automobile, traffic accident proportion in China's accident remains high always, cause a tremendous loss of lives and great property damage, developing in a healthy way on social stability causes great impact.Trace it to its cause, wherein the overwhelming majority is caused by chaufeur maloperation and fatigue driving, therefore takes precautions against and avoids chaufeur maloperation and fatigue driving to be problems in the urgent need to address in vehicle security drive work as far as possible.
Avoiding having achieved some achievements in research in chaufeur maloperation and fatigue driving both at home and abroad at present, be mainly divided into two aspects, one is contact, needs detector to contact with chaufeur; Another kind is contactless, does not come in contact and monitors chaufeur.But these are all indirectly carry out judgement monitoring to the driving behavior of chaufeur, directly do not monitor driving behavior itself.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide one simply, directly, efficiently, driver driving behavior monitoring method and device accurately.
The object of the invention is to be achieved through the following technical solutions:
Driver driving behavior monitoring device of the present invention, comprises interconnective recognition input system, identifies output system and control output system;
Described recognition input system comprises probe, inductor;
Described identification output system comprises voice, Warning light;
Described control output system comprises speed reduction gearing, controls accelerator device.
Above-mentioned driver driving behavior monitoring device of the present invention realizes the method for driver driving behavior monitoring, by the probe of described recognition input system, the driving behavior of inductor monitoring driver, after finding fatigue driving or unsafe acts, first be the voice of described identification output system, Warning light will send phonetic warning and Warning light flicker is pointed out, if driver continues fatigue driving or unsafe driving behavior after prompting, the speed reduction gearing and the control accelerator device that then control output system automatically will control to slow down and in position automatically control driving pulling over observing.
As seen from the above technical solution provided by the invention, the driver driving behavior monitoring method that the embodiment of the present invention provides and device, can by the probe of recognition input system, the driving behavior of inductor monitoring driver, after finding fatigue driving or unsafe acts, first be the voice identifying output system, Warning light will send phonetic warning and Warning light flicker is pointed out, if driver continues fatigue driving or unsafe driving behavior after prompting, the speed reduction gearing and the control accelerator device that then control output system automatically will control to slow down and in position automatically control driving pulling over observing., have simply, directly, efficiently, advantage accurately, effectively can solve the problem of driver tired driving and unsafe driving behavior, reduce traffic accident significantly, promote that society is fast-developing.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The structural representation of the driver driving behavior monitoring method that Fig. 1 provides for the embodiment of the present invention and device.
Detailed description of the invention
To be described in further detail the embodiment of the present invention below.
Driver driving behavior monitoring device of the present invention, its preferably detailed description of the invention be:
Comprise interconnective recognition input system, identify output system and control output system;
Described recognition input system comprises probe, inductor;
Described identification output system comprises voice, Warning light;
Described control output system comprises speed reduction gearing, controls accelerator device.
Described probe comprises two, a face towards chaufeur and hand, another is towards the forward right side of driving direction, described inductor comprises steering wheel angle inductor and drive speed inductor, described speed reduction gearing is connected with the brake system of vehicle, and described control accelerator device is connected with the fuel-feed system of vehicle.
Above-mentioned driver driving behavior monitoring device of the present invention realizes the method for driver driving behavior monitoring, its preferably detailed description of the invention be:
By the probe of described recognition input system, the driving behavior of inductor monitoring driver, after finding fatigue driving or unsafe acts, first be the voice of described identification output system, Warning light will send phonetic warning and Warning light flicker is pointed out, if driver continues fatigue driving or unsafe driving behavior after prompting, then the speed reduction gearing and the control accelerator device that control output system automatically will control to slow down and find appropriate location automatically to control to drive pulling over observing by another probe.
First radical function of described spy is by the driving time of face identification functions monitoring driver and the rationally unsafe acts of chaufeur face, hand in driving time, the unsafe acts of described chaufeur face, hand comprise make a phone call for a long time, both hands departure direction dish, singlehanded departure direction dish, the time of bowing, the eyes closed time; Another radical function judges whether the right front of driving direction exists suitable stop position.
Described inductor radical function is the driving behavior of monitoring driver, and the driving behavior of described driver comprises steering wheel angle, drive speed.
Described voice radical function finds that tired driver is driven or after unsafe driving behavior, pointed out by voice.
Described Warning light radical function finds that tired driver is driven or after unsafe driving behavior, pointed out by Warning light flicker.
Described speed reduction gearing radical function finds that tired driver is driven or after unsafe driving behavior, undertaken pointing out to no effect by voice and Warning light, speed reduction gearing starts voluntarily, automatically controls to slow down and in position automatically control to drive pulling over observing.
Described control accelerator device radical function is after finding tired driver driving or unsafe driving behavior, undertaken pointing out to no effect by voice and Warning light, control accelerator device to start voluntarily, the effect of restriction throttle, realizing together with speed reduction gearing controls to slow down automatically also in position controls to drive the function of pulling over observing automatically.
Driver driving behavior monitoring method of the present invention and device, have simply, directly, efficiently, advantage accurately, effectively can solve the problem of driver tired driving and unsafe driving behavior, reduce traffic accident significantly, promote that society is fast-developing.
Specific embodiment:
As shown in Figure 1, main supply switch is opened after getting on the bus, phonetic warning content and size can be set according to the hobby of oneself when using first, and according to oneself on the sensitivity of color and brightness when not affecting normal driving behavior, select the flicker frequency of Warning light, brightness and color.First recognition of face is carried out by the probe of recognition input system, in the daytime drive 4 hours continuously when the same driver driving time reaches, night drives 2 hours continuously, prompting is had a rest, pop one's head in the process and judged the unsafe driving behavior of driver simultaneously by face and hand motion, inductor judges the unsafe driving behavior of driver by induction steering wheel angle and drive speed, as probe or inductor pass through the driving behavior of monitoring driver excessively, after finding fatigue driving or unsafe acts, first be identify that the voice of output system will send the phonetic warning set in advance, Warning light is also according to the flicker frequency set simultaneously, brightness and color carry out flash for prompting, if driver continues fatigue driving or unsafe acts after prompting, the speed reduction gearing and the control accelerator device that then control output system automatically will control to slow down and find appropriate location automatically to control to drive pulling over observing by another probe.After parking rest reaches specific time or changes chaufeur, system just starts again to identify judgement.
The above; be only the present invention's preferably detailed description of the invention, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, is anyly familiar with those skilled in the art in the technical scope that the present invention discloses; the change that can expect easily or replacement, all should be encompassed within protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be as the criterion with the protection domain of claims.

Claims (9)

1. a driver driving behavior monitoring device, is characterized in that, comprises interconnective recognition input system, identifies output system and control output system;
Described recognition input system comprises probe, inductor;
Described identification output system comprises voice, Warning light;
Described control output system comprises speed reduction gearing, controls accelerator device.
2. driver driving behavior monitoring device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described probe comprises two, a face towards chaufeur and hand, another is towards the forward right side of driving direction, described inductor comprises steering wheel angle inductor and drive speed inductor, and described speed reduction gearing is connected with the brake system of vehicle, and described control accelerator device is connected with the fuel-feed system of vehicle.
3. the driver driving behavior monitoring device described in a kind 1 or 2 realizes the method for driver driving behavior monitoring, it is characterized in that, by the probe of described recognition input system, the driving behavior of inductor monitoring driver, after finding fatigue driving or unsafe acts, first be the voice of described identification output system, Warning light will send phonetic warning and Warning light flicker is pointed out, if driver continues fatigue driving or unsafe driving behavior after prompting, the speed reduction gearing and the control accelerator device that then control output system automatically will control to slow down and in position automatically control driving pulling over observing.
4. driver driving behavior monitoring method according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, first radical function of described spy is by the driving time of face identification functions monitoring driver and the rationally unsafe acts of chaufeur face, hand in driving time, the unsafe acts of described chaufeur face, hand comprise make a phone call for a long time, both hands departure direction dish, singlehanded departure direction dish, the time of bowing, the eyes closed time; Another radical function judges whether the right front of driving direction exists suitable stop position.
5. driver driving behavior monitoring method according to claim 4, is characterized in that, described inductor radical function is the driving behavior of monitoring driver, and the driving behavior of described driver comprises steering wheel angle, drive speed.
6. driver driving behavior monitoring method according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described voice radical function finds that tired driver is driven or after unsafe driving behavior, pointed out by voice.
7. driver driving behavior monitoring method according to claim 6, is characterized in that, described Warning light radical function finds that tired driver is driven or after unsafe driving behavior, pointed out by Warning light flicker.
8. driver driving behavior monitoring method according to claim 7, it is characterized in that, described speed reduction gearing radical function is after finding tired driver driving or unsafe driving behavior, undertaken pointing out to no effect by voice and Warning light, speed reduction gearing starts voluntarily, automatically controls to slow down and in position automatically controls to drive pulling over observing.
9. driver driving behavior monitoring method according to claim 8, it is characterized in that, described control accelerator device radical function is after finding tired driver driving or unsafe driving behavior, undertaken pointing out to no effect by voice and Warning light, control accelerator device to start voluntarily, the effect of restriction throttle, realizing together with speed reduction gearing controls to slow down automatically also in position controls to drive the function of pulling over observing automatically.
CN201510548567.7A 2015-08-31 2015-08-31 Method and device for monitoring driving behaviors of driver CN105034805A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510548567.7A CN105034805A (en) 2015-08-31 2015-08-31 Method and device for monitoring driving behaviors of driver

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Cited By (11)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105946705A (en) * 2016-05-04 2016-09-21 廖建强 Automobile control method and device
CN106379320A (en) * 2016-09-06 2017-02-08 浙江吉利控股集团有限公司 Vehicle safe driving reminding system and method
CN106904169A (en) * 2015-12-17 2017-06-30 北京奇虎科技有限公司 Traffic safety method for early warning and device
CN106981175A (en) * 2017-05-04 2017-07-25 广东轻工职业技术学院 It is a kind of to prevent the method and system of fatigue driving
CN108099816A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-06-01 芜湖皖江知识产权运营中心有限公司 A kind of vehicle audio input control method for intelligent travel
CN108189669A (en) * 2018-01-04 2018-06-22 项卢杨 A kind of automobile safety driving system and monitoring method
CN108215794A (en) * 2018-01-04 2018-06-29 项卢杨 A kind of anti-fatigue-driving system and method
CN108216022A (en) * 2017-12-08 2018-06-29 上海思致汽车工程技术有限公司 A kind of electric vehicle driver leaves warning system
CN109523787A (en) * 2018-11-30 2019-03-26 公安部交通管理科学研究所 A kind of fatigue driving analysis method based on vehicle pass-through track
CN109598959A (en) * 2017-09-30 2019-04-09 比亚迪股份有限公司 Management method, device and the vehicle of vehicle operator
CN110570623A (en) * 2018-06-05 2019-12-13 宁波欧依安盾安全科技有限公司 unsafe behavior prompt system

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CN202243010U (en) * 2010-12-27 2012-05-30 上海博泰悦臻电子设备制造有限公司 Anti-fatigue driving device and vehicle-mounted device
CN104136260A (en) * 2011-11-14 2014-11-05 罗伯特·博世有限公司 Method for safely parking a vehicle in an emergency situation
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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106904169A (en) * 2015-12-17 2017-06-30 北京奇虎科技有限公司 Traffic safety method for early warning and device
CN105946705A (en) * 2016-05-04 2016-09-21 廖建强 Automobile control method and device
CN106379320A (en) * 2016-09-06 2017-02-08 浙江吉利控股集团有限公司 Vehicle safe driving reminding system and method
CN106981175A (en) * 2017-05-04 2017-07-25 广东轻工职业技术学院 It is a kind of to prevent the method and system of fatigue driving
CN109598959A (en) * 2017-09-30 2019-04-09 比亚迪股份有限公司 Management method, device and the vehicle of vehicle operator
CN108216022A (en) * 2017-12-08 2018-06-29 上海思致汽车工程技术有限公司 A kind of electric vehicle driver leaves warning system
CN108099816A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-06-01 芜湖皖江知识产权运营中心有限公司 A kind of vehicle audio input control method for intelligent travel
CN108189669A (en) * 2018-01-04 2018-06-22 项卢杨 A kind of automobile safety driving system and monitoring method
CN108215794A (en) * 2018-01-04 2018-06-29 项卢杨 A kind of anti-fatigue-driving system and method
CN110570623A (en) * 2018-06-05 2019-12-13 宁波欧依安盾安全科技有限公司 unsafe behavior prompt system
CN109523787A (en) * 2018-11-30 2019-03-26 公安部交通管理科学研究所 A kind of fatigue driving analysis method based on vehicle pass-through track

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Application publication date: 20151111